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Results 201 - 250 of 1123
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Vayá Amparo - - 2004
Increased erythrocyte aggregation (EA) has been observed in patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD), although most of these studies have been performed in the acute phase when reactant proteins may account for this increase. Little is known about the role played by the erythrocyte itself in this aggregation process. To ...
Williams C M - - 2004
There is currently considerable interest in potential atherogenic and thrombogenic consequences of elevated concentrations of triacylglycerols, especially in the post-prandial state. Despite this, there is limited information on the effects of dietary fatty acids on the synthesis, secretion and metabolism of chylomicrons, the large triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins synthesized in the enterocyte ...
Gibbons G F - - 2004
Most of the triacylglycerol (TAG) utilized for the assembly of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in the secretory apparatus of the hepatocyte is mobilized by lipolysis of the cytosolic TAG pool, followed by re-esterification. The lipases involved include arylacetamide deacetylase and/or triacylglycerol hydrolase. Some of the re-esterified products of lipolysis gain access ...
Kinoshita Makoto - - 2004
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare familial sterol storage disease, causing multiple xanthomas in tendons and the brain. The underlying biochemical defect is a lack of the hepatic mitochondrial cholesterol 27-hydroxylase involved in the normal biosynthesis of bile acid, resulting in reduced biosynthesis of chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA). It has been ...
van Oostrom Antonie J H H M - - 2004
Atherosclerosis is the major cause of death in the world. Fasting and postprandial hyperlipidaemia are important risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Recent developments have undoubtedly indicated that inflammation is pathophysiologically closely linked to atherogenesis and its clinical consequences. Inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), leucocyte count and ...
Faraj May - - 2004
Acylation-stimulating protein (ASP) increases triglyceride (TG) storage (fatty acid trapping) in adipose tissue and plays an important role in postprandial TG clearance. We examined the capacity of ASP and insulin to stimulate the activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and the trapping of LPL-derived nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. ...
Pacheco Y M - - 2003
Proof for the role of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) in the development of cardiovascular events is accumulating. We recently reported that postprandial TRLs bind to and internalize into human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs) by a lipid-dependent mechanism. We now show that postprandial TRLs triggered hydrolysis of sphingomyelin and stimulation ...
Leventhal Andrew R - - 2004
Atheroma macrophages internalize large quantities of lipoprotein-derived lipids. While most emphasis has been placed on cholesterol, lipoprotein-derived fatty acids may also play important roles in lesional macrophage biology. Little is known, however, about the trafficking or metabolism of these fatty acids. In this study, we first show that the cholesterol-fatty ...
Du Hong - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Proof of principle is presented for targeted enzyme supplementation by using lysosomal acid lipase to decrease aortic and coronary wall lipid accumulation in a mouse model of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice with LDL receptor deficiency were placed on an atherogenic diet and developed predictable aortic and coronary atheroma. ...
Giudetti Anna M - - 2003
In the present study the effects of some C18 fatty acids on hepatic fatty acid metabolism have been compared. Male rats were fed cholesterol-free diets containing either C18:0, C18:1 cis or C18:1 trans isomers as the variables. In accordance with previous work, oleic acid in the diet caused an increase ...
Castro Cabezas M - - 2003
FCHL (familial combined hyperlipidaemia) is the most frequent inherited disorder of lipid metabolism leading to premature atherosclerosis. The usual phenotype in FCHL is elevated fasting plasma triacylglycerols, low HDL (high-density lipoprotein)-cholesterol concentrations and elevated plasma apolipoprotein B concentrations. The metabolic basis for this phenotype is hepatic overproduction of VLDL (very-low-density ...
Gusarova Viktoria - - 2003
Hepatic apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100) associates with lipids to form dense lipoprotein particles in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and is further lipidated to very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). Because the VLDL diameter can exceed 200 nm, classical ER-derived vesicles may be unable to accommodate VLDLs. Using hepatic membranes and cytosol to ...
Pietzsch J - - 2004
An alteration of low density lipoprotein (LDL) apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 structure by direct oxidative modification is an important mechanism involved in atherogenesis. There is difficulty in quantifying this type of modification because a lack of specific assays. The use of N(O,S)-ethoxycarbonyl trifluoroethyl amino acid esters for a rapid and sensitive ...
Heath Richard B - - 2003
Circulating triacylglycerol (TG) arises mainly from dietary fat. However, little is known about the entry of dietary fat into the major TG pool, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) TG. We used a novel method to study the specific incorporation of dietary fatty acids into postprandial VLDL TG in humans. Eight healthy ...
Robichon Carine - - 2003
To study lipoprotein sorting in Escherichia coli, we devised a novel screen in which sensitivity or resistance to bacteriophage T5 and colicin M reflects the membrane localization of the bacteriophage T5-encoded lipoprotein Llp, which inactivates the outer membrane (OM) T5 receptor (FhuA). When processed by lipoprotein signal peptidase, Llp has ...
Straube R - - 2003
Refsum's disease is a complex and difficult to diagnose storage disease caused by complex autosomal recessive peroxisomal disorder in which mutations of phytanolyl/pristanoyl-CoA-hydroxilase are the main cause. Poorly metabolised phytanic acid (PA), pristanic acid (PrA) and picolenic acid (PiA) accumulates in fatty tissues, myelin sheaths, heart, kidneys and retina, leading ...
Pietzsch J - - 2003
gamma-Glutamyl-semialdehyde (gammaGSA) is a major product of the metal catalysed oxidation of apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) proline and arginine residues. On reduction, gammaGSA forms 5-hydroxy-2-aminovaleric acid (HAVA). This report describes the application of HAVA measurement to characterise the formation of gammaGSA in low density lipoprotein (LDL) recovered from human atherosclerotic lesions. ...
Yli-Jokipii Kaisa M - - 2003
Alterations in chylomicron and VLDL TAG and the magnitude of postprandial lipemia were studied in healthy volunteers after two meals of equal FA composition but different TAG FA positional distribution. Molecular level information of individual lipoprotein TAG regioisomers was obtained with a tandem MS method. The incremental area under the ...
Bláha Vladimír - - 2003
There has been growing interest in the quantitative determination of biochemical predictors of atherogenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate association of lipoperoxidation biomarkers known to be pro-atherogenic (thiobarbituric acid reactive substance activity, TBARS) or anti-atherogenic (alpha-tocopherol) with the fatty acid status, and relate it to the ...
Akiba Satoshi - - 2003
We examined the roles of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in oxidized LDL (oxLDL)-induced cholesteryl ester formation in macrophages. In [3H]oleic acid-labeled RAW264.7 cells and mouse peritoneal macrophages, oxLDL induced [3H]cholesteryl oleate formation with an increase in free [3H]oleic acid and a decrease in [3H]phosphatidylcholine. The changes in these lipids were suppressed ...
Vihma Veera - - 2003
According to experimental studies, 17 beta-estradiol associates with lipoproteins in blood in the form of fatty acid esters. However, concentrations of endogenous estradiol esters in human lipoprotein fractions have not been previously reported. We investigated the distribution of estradiol fatty acid esters between plasma lipoproteins in 10 healthy women during ...
Tholstrup T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG)-rich lipoproteins (TRL) may be related to atherogenic risk. Little is known about the acute effect of individual dietary saturated fatty acids on plasma lipids and lipoproteins. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of two prevalent dietary saturated fatty acids, stearic and myristic ...
Gatto Lissa M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The consumption of trans fatty acids adversely affects fasting plasma lipoprotein concentrations. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether postprandial lipoprotein metabolism is affected by the consumption of trans fatty acids. DESIGN: In a randomized crossover study, 19 healthy men consumed fatty meals that were identical except that 10% ...
Andrikopoulos Nikolaos K - - 2003
Naturally occurring gums and resins with beneficial pharmaceutical and nutraceutical properties were tested for their possible protective effect against copper-induced LDL oxidation in vitro. Chiosmastic gum (CMG) (Pistacia lentiscus var. Chia resin) was the most effective in protecting human LDL from oxidation. The minimum and maximum doses for the saturation ...
Sanders Thomas A B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The consumption of a synthetic, randomized, stearic acid-rich triacylglycerol results in decreased postprandial lipemia and activated factor VII (FVII:a) compared with cocoa butter (a nonrandomized, symmetrical, stearic acid-rich triacylglycerol). It was hypothesized that this difference is a consequence of the differences in structure between the 2 triacylglycerols. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Gertow K - - 2003
The fatty acid transport proteins (FATPs) have been implicated in facilitated cellular uptake of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs), thus having the potential to regulate local and systemic NEFA concentrations and metabolism. Hypothesising that genetic variation within the FATP genes may affect lipid metabolism, we investigated a G/A substitution at position ...
Kaamanen Maija - - 2003
Atherosclerosis is initiated by the uptake and retention of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) into the arterial intima. We have previously shown that dietary isoflavone phytoestrogens inhibit LDL oxidation in vitro. The inhibition could have been caused by undetected isoflavone metabolites associated with lipoproteins. In the present study, we incubated human ...
Barre Edward - - 2003
Lipoprotein(a)'s (Lp(a)'s) fatty acid composition is partially known for the cholesteryl ester (CE), triglyceride (TG) and total phospholipid (PL) fractions. Individual PLs' fatty acids are unknown. This study sought to confirm and extend existing data and elucidate the individual PLs of Lp(a). For Lp(a) versus LDL, the mole percentage saturated ...
Youhnovski Nikolay - - 2003
Oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) plays a crucial role in inflammatorydiseases and aging. The main oxidation products of LDL are stereoisomeric 9-hydroxy-10,12-octadecadienoic acids (9-HODEs) and 13-hydroxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acids (13-HODEs). Nevertheless the content of HODEs in natural oxidized LDL is low compared to other components, thus determination of HODEs requires a sample ...
Perona Javier S - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to investigate the applicability of a previously developed method for the analysis of triacylglycerol molecular species to the simultaneous determination of triacylglycerols, diacylglycerols and monoacylglycerols of human very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). Ten elderly women were recruited for the study. Blood was obtained in fasting ...
Abia Rocio - - 2003
Several studies have suggested that lipoprotein metabolism can be affected by lipoprotein phospholipid composition. We investigated the effect of virgin olive oil (VOO) and high-oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) intake on the distribution of fatty acids in triacylglycerols (TG), cholesteryl esters (CE) and phospholipid (PL) classes of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins (TRL) from ...
Murakami Keiko - - 2003
Effect of dipicolinic acid (pyridine 2,6-dicarboxylic acid) and pyridine compounds on the copper-dependent oxidation of human low density lipoprotein was analyzed in relation to the inhibition of copper reduction. Dipicolinic acid inhibited copper-dependent LDL oxidation completely, but the LDL oxidation was slightly inhibited by pyridine compounds with one carboxyl group ...
Sklan D - - 2003
Metabolism of carbohydrate and fat was examined in the hatching chick by introduction of 14C labeled oleic acid, triolein, or glucose to the gastrointestinal tract or to the yolk sac. Label in plasma and exhaled air samples were determined over a 12-h period. The activity-time curves could be fitted to ...
Lennernäs Hans - - 2003
Hypercholesterolaemia is a risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic disease. Atorvastatin lowers plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels by inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. The mean dose-response relationship has been shown to be log-linear for atorvastatin, but plasma concentrations of atorvastatin acid and its metabolites do not correlate with LDL-cholesterol ...
Farnier Michel - - 2003
It has been clearly shown that lowering low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) [most often with an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor] decreases the risk of a cardiovascular event. However, this risk reduction was, at most, 35% in clinical trials, meaning that many events could not be prevented. Moreover, reaching target lipid values as ...
Mittendorfer Bettina - - 2003
The effects of obesity and weight loss on lipoprotein kinetics were evaluated in six lean women [body mass index (BMI): 21 +/- 1 kg/m(2)] and seven women with abdominal obesity (BMI: 36 +/- 1 kg/m(2)). Stable isotope tracer techniques, in conjunction with compartmental modeling, were used to determine VLDL-triglyceride (TG) ...
Kummrow Emma - - 2002
Fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation differentially affect plasma apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) levels. To identify mechanisms at the level of production, rat hepatoma cells, McA-RH7777, were incubated with [(35)S]methionine and either fatty acid-BSA complexes or BSA alone. There were increases in labeled apoB-100 secretion with saturated fatty acids palmitic ...
Koike Tomonari - - 2002
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) plays an important role in plasma lipoprotein metabolism and the uptake of free fatty acid in muscle. Previous studies using transgenic mice showed that increased LPL leads to myopathies, but these results were controversial. To examine this hypothesis, we studied LPL transgenic rabbits, and our results refute ...
Wu Guang - - 2002
In this data-based theoretical analysis, we use the random approach to analyse the amino acid pairs in human low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL receptor) precursor in order to determine which amino acid pairs are more sensitive to 127 variants from missense mutant human LDL receptor. The rationale of this study is ...
Agren Jyrki J - - 2002
Triacylglycerols secreted by liver and carried by very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) are hydrolysed in circulation by lipoprotein and hepatic lipases. These enzymes have been shown to have positional and fatty acid specificity in vitro. If there were specificity in basal lipolysis in vivo, triacylglycerol compositions of circulating and newly ...
Murabayashi Shun - - 2002
Chronic hyperglycemia leads to the accumulation of nonenzymatically derived glycosylation products on proteins. Such glycosylation products, especially glycosylated low-density lipoprotein (glc-LDL), have been increasingly recognized as factors in the pathogeneses of diabetic complications. A new adsorbent was developed for the selective removal of glc-LDL from plasma. The adsorbent has dual ...
Black Irene L - - 2002
Postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) metabolism is an important metabolic state that has been associated with cardiovascular disease. The magnitude of the postprandial TAG response is determined by dietary fat composition, which alters intestinal and hepatic TAG-rich lipoprotein (TRL) metabolism. Caco-2 cell monolayers are morphologically and physiologically similar to the human intestinal ...
Zou Yani - - 2002
Peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), formed from a reaction of superoxide and nitric oxide, is one of the most potent cytotoxic species that are known to oxidize cellular constituents including essential proteins, lipids, and DNA. In this study, the ability of sinapic acid (3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid), isolated from Brassica juncea, to scavenge ONOO(-) was ...
Jie Marcel S F Lie Ken - - 2002
Hydrolysis of symmetrical acetylenic TG of type AAA [viz., glycerol tri-(4-decynoate), glycerol tri-(6-octadecynoate), glycerol tri-(9-octadecynoate), glycerol tri-(10-undecynoate), and glycerol tri-(13-docosynoate)] in the presence of eight microbial lipases was studied. Novozyme 435 (Candida antarctica), an efficient enzyme for esterification, showed a significant resistance in the hydrolysis of glycerol tri-(9-octadecynoate) and glycerol ...
Tikkanen M J - - 2002
Steroid fatty acid esters constitute a unique family of lipophilic hormones carried exclusively in circulating lipoproteins. Our studies have focused on the formation of 17beta fatty acid esters of labelled oestradiol in in vitro incubations with human ovarian follicular fluid and plasma and demonstrated the accumulation of these labelled derivatives ...
Raveh Osnat - - 2002
Kinetic studies of copper-induced LDL peroxidation commonly assume that the availability of molecular oxygen in the reaction media is not a limiting factor. The present study reveals that this assumption is valid only at low LDL concentrations. At high LDL concentrations, accumulation of oxidation products, as monitored spectroscopically under conditions ...
Castillo M - - 2002
We have studied the effects of diet supplementation with 10% fish oil on fatty acid composition of the main lipid classes of chick plasma lipoproteins bearing in mind the relationship between platelet aggregation and eicosanoid production from arachidonic acid. Fish oil drastically increased the percentages of 20:5 n-3 and 22:6 ...
Dashti Nassrin - - 2002
The objective of this study was to assess the relative long-term effects of linoleic (cis, cis 18:2), linolelaidic (trans, trans 18:2), and palmitic (16:0) acids on hepatic lipoprotein production in HepG2 cells. All fatty acids increased the mass of triglycerides (TG) in the medium and the incorporation of [(3)H]-glycerol into ...
Gérard N - - 2002
Follicular development and ovulatory processes in mammals involve local biochemical changes as a result of substantial modifications in cellular metabolism, the most well known of which is steroid variation. In the present study, the intrafollicular variation of several other components was studied using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR). This ...
Callow Joanne - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Remodeling of lipoprotein particles in the postprandial period is considered to be an important source of atherogenic particles, but acute changes occurring after meals have been little studied. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize changes in LDL particle composition occurring after a single meal, with particular reference to potential lipid ...
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