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Li Xiao-Juan - - 2010
Enhanced salt tolerance of rice seedlings by abscisic acid (ABA) pretreatment was observed from phenotypic and physiological analyses. Total proteins from rice roots treated with ABA plus subsequent salt stress were analyzed by using proteomics method. Results showed that, 40 protein spots were uniquely upregulated in the seedlings under the ...
Ebrecht Ana C - - 2010
The aim of this work was to study the efficiency of diverse chemical and thermal treatments usually used in dairy industries to control the number of virulent and temperate Lactobacillus delbrueckii bacteriophages. Two temperate (Cb1/204 and Cb1/342) and three virulent (BYM, YAB and Ib3) phages were studied. The thermal treatments ...
Yoshida Kohzo - - 2010
Organoammonium salts composed of a Brønsted acid and an anilinothiourea promoted the Michael addition of ß-keto esters and α,ß-unsaturated aldehydes in the presence of primary amines to give functionalized 1,4-dihydropyridines enantioselectively. With the use of the different Brønsted acids such as DFA and HBF(4) with the same bifunctional thiourea, both ...
Fukaya Fuminori - - 2010
Hitherto, the roles of specific amino acid residues of ChaA, one of three Na(+)/H(+) antiporters in Escherichia coli, in exchange activity have not been reported. Here we examined the role of acidic amino acid residues, Glu-85 and Glu-325, on the hydrophobic transmembrane domains. It was found that ChaA is involved ...
Kawase Tokuzo - - 2010
N-Acyl amino acids have been prepared from fatty acid chlorides and amino acids, but it may not be easy to vary the hydrophobic groups on the view point of availability. In this work, instead of acid halides, long alkyl chloroformates were prepared by the facile reaction of alcohols and triphosgene ...
Zhu Zhen - - 2010
The title compound, C(10)H(8)N(2)·2C(7)H(5)NO(4),was obtained unintentionally as the harvested product of the hydro-thermal reaction between Co(OAc)(2)·4H(2)O and 4,4'-bipyridine in the presence of 3-nitro-phthalic acid. In the reaction, 3-nitro-phthalic acid is transformed into 3-nitro-benzoic acid by an in situ deca-rboxylation reaction, in which the carboxyl-ate group is not deprotonated and is ...
Mukherjee S - - 2010
Alcohol appears to affect brain function, primarily by interfering with the action of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and other neurotransmitters. As alcohol is mainly metabolized in the liver, therefore we undertook this pilot study to monitor the patterns of changes in plasma amino-acid concentrations due to alcoholic and nonalcohol fatty liver ...
Lin Yu-Chen - - 2009
A series of acridinium salt-based probes capable of detecting fluoride and acetate anions via a nucleophilic attack at the C9 position of the acridinium moiety is reported. The formation of corresponding acridane displays drastic changes, in both UV-vis absorption and fluorescence emission. The sensing mechanism is a reversible process upon ...
Becker Lillian C - - 2009
Sodium picramate is the sodium salt of picramic acid, a substituted phenolic compound. Sodium picramate and picramic acid function as hair colorants; they are reportedly used in 31 and 3 hair-dye products, respectively. No concentration-of-use data were available for sodium picramate, but picramic acid was reported to be used at ...
Cornella Josep - - 2009
Catalytic amounts of Ag(I) salts in DMSO have been found to promote the protodecarboxylation of a wide variety of ortho-substituted benzoic acids under mild conditions and in excellent yields, highlighting a possible role for silver in decarboxylative cross-couplings.
Tripathi Bhumika - - 2010
Millets, being less expensive compared to cereals and the staple for the poorer sections of population, could be the choice for fortification with micronutrients such as zinc. In view of this, finger millet, widely grown and commonly consumed in southern India, was explored as a vehicle for fortification with zinc ...
Ozturk Sahlan - - 2010
BACKGROUND, AIM, AND SCOPE: Polysaccharides are renewable resources representing an important class of polymeric materials of biotechnological interest, offering a wide variety of potentially useful products to mankind. Exopolysaccharides (EPSs) of microbial origin with a novel functionality, reproducible physico-chemical properties, stable cost and supply, became a better alternative to polysaccharides ...
Bonferoni Maria Cristina - - 2009
This review considers the application of chitosan and its salts in the delivery of drugs intended to act locally towards diseases of the mucosa itself (mucosal delivery), and to undergo systemic absorption by means of transmucosal routes (transmucosal delivery). Those chitosan properties that are particularly useful in mucosal and transmucosal ...
Gelfert C-C - - 2010
Eleven mature, non-lactating, non-pregnant, Holstein-Friesian crossbred cows were given, via a ruminal cannula, 2000mEq of one of three chloride salts, four sulfate salts, two combinations of anionic salts (AS), sodium chloride (as neutral salt), or water as control. The salts and controls were assigned in an 11x11 Latin square and ...
Wang Miao-Fen - - 2009
Coding of the complex tastes of ionic stimuli in humans was studied by combining taste confusion matrix (TCM) methodology and treatment with chlorhexidine gluconate. The TCM evaluates discrimination of multiple stimuli simultaneously. Chlorhexidine, a bis-biguanide antiseptic, reversibly inhibits salty taste and tastes of a subset of bitter stimuli, including quinine ...
Li Pingfan - - 2009
The silica gel absorbed amino acid salt catalyzed asymmetric intramolecular Robinson annulation reaction has been developed; up to 97% ee was obtained with this readily recoverable organocatalyst.
V??lgyi Gergely - - 2010
A potentiometric titration study of organic base hydrohalides and quaternary ammonium salts using perchloric acid as the titrant and a mixture of acetic anhydride and acetic acid as the solvent was carried out and the titration mixture was analysed by NMR in order to clarify the chemistry of the reactions ...
Formaker Bradley K - - 2009
Studies of taste receptor cells, chorda tympani (CT) neurons, and brainstem neurons show stimulus interactions in the form of inhibition or enhancement of the effectiveness of sucrose when mixed with acids or citrate salts, respectively. To investigate further the effects of acids and the trivalent citrate anion on sucrose responses ...
Zhao Ligang - - 2009
To enhance the transdermal delivery of diclofenac acid (DA) by using O-acylmenthol as a penetration enhancer and complexing with amines, or by a combination of the two methods. The skin permeability of diclofenac was tested in vitro across rat skin with each of the evaluated permeants in a saturated isopropyl ...
Tomillero A - - 2009
[90Y-DOTA-Tyr3]octreotate, Abatacept, ABT-888, ACE-011, Adefovir dipivoxil, Alosetron hydrochloride, Aminolevulinic acid methyl ester, Amlodipine, Apaziquone, Aripiprazole, AS-101, Atomoxetine hydrochloride, Atrasentan, Azacitidine; Bevacizumab, Biphasic insulin aspart, Bortezomib, Bosentan, Brivanib alaninate; CERE-120, Cetuximab, Ciclesonide, Cinacalcet hydrochloride, Combretastatin A-1 phosphate, Conatumumab, CT-322; Dabigatran etexilate, Darunavir, Deforolimus, Desloratadine, Doripenem, Doxorubicin eluting beads, Duloxetine hydrochloride, Dutasteride; ...
Kasthuri J - - 2009
The vital bioactivities of bile salts are physiologically important molecules. The concept of using bile acids and their conjugates in nanoscience is a novel idea, which opens up fascinating prospects and gives way for various versatile properties. Here in, we report novel strategy for the synthesis of aqueous stable, silver ...
Posternak Anna G - - 2009
N-methyl and N-ethyl derivatives of N-(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)-[N'-(trifluoromethylsufonyl)-trifluoromethylsulfoximidoyl] imides 2a,b were prepared by alkylation of bis(trifluoromethylsulfonylimino)trifluoromethanesulfonic acid 1 or its silver salt 1a. It turns out that these imides are strong alkylating agents in spite of the fact that Me (Et) groups are attached to nitrogen atom. The alkylating activity of n-PrI, ...
Riedel Charlotte Tandrup - - 2009
This study evaluated the effectiveness of 11 chemical compounds to reduce Campylobacter jejuni on chicken skin and meat samples dipped in chemical solutions. Treatment of skin samples for 1 min using tartaric acid (2%) and caprylic acid sodium salt (5%) caused reductions of C. jejuni NCTC11168, which were not significantly ...
Silva Alessandra C - - 2009
Ozonation of two azo dyes was investigated in a monitored bench scale bubble column reactor (8.5-L), varying liquid media salt content (0, 1, 40 and 100 g L(-1), NaCl). In experiments with Orange II pH was varied (5, 7.5 and 9) but ozonation of Acid Red 27 was performed at ...
Katritzky Alan R - - 2009
2H-Chromene-based conjugates of N-acyl-1,omega-amino acids (5, 9a-f, 14a-f) of natural amino acids (10a,b) and of dipeptide (10c) are prepared (60-97%) by N-acylbenzotriazole methodology in aqueous media at 20 degrees C. Gelation properties of the corresponding sodium salts in DMF and DMSO are generalized with respect to an increase or decrease ...
Chlebda Ewa - - 2010
Water-soluble quercetin-5'-sulfonic acid sodium salt (NaQSA) and morin-5'-sulfonic acid sodium salt (NaMSA) could exert an antagonistic effect on cadmium intoxication. The aim of the study was to examine the influence of these substances on superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) levels in the mouse liver in the subacute cadmium intoxication ...
Ding W K - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to develop a method for applying an extra coating of palm oil and poly-L-lysine (POPL) to alginate (ALG) microcapsules to enhance the survival of probiotic bacteria. Eight strains of probiotic bacteria including Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium longum, L. salivarius, L. plantarum, L. acidophilus, L. paracasei, ...
Tokumoto Yuta - - 2009
Succinoyl trehalose lipids (STLs) are promising glycolipid biosurfactants produced from n-alkanes by Rhodococcus sp. These compounds show not only unique interfacial properties but also versatile biochemical actions. In this study, we determined for the first time the complete structure of the main component, namely STL-1, based on NMR, MALDI-TOF/MS and ...
Avelar Amy - - 2009
Acid remarks: The anhydrous diprotic boron acids H(2)(B(12)X(12)) (X = Cl, Br; see picture, B orange, X green) are the first examples of diprotic superacids and may be the strongest acids yet isolated. Both protons protonate benzene to give benzenium ion salts that are stable at room temperature. These acids ...
Madibela O R - - 2009
Effects of site and degutting on chemical composition of mopane worm were investigated. Samples were cooked for 30 min in either brine or in plain water. Samples from Moreomabele were high in acid detergent fibre (ADF) (P < 0.05) and acid detergent insoluble nitrogen (ADIN) (P < 0.01) while samples ...
Palacio Lorena - - 2008
An efficient protocol for the in vitro germination and propagation of Larrea divaricata CAV. (Jarilla) was established. To determine the effect of different growth regulators on the growth rates and phenol production, apical-node microshoots from in vitro germinated plantlets were incubated on the following media: 1) full-strength MS (Murashige and ...
Gibbs-Davis Julianne M - - 2008
Using nonlinear optics, we show that acid-base chemistry at aqueous/solid interfaces tracks bulk pH changes at low salt concentrations. In the presence of 10 to 100 mM salt concentrations, however, the interfacial acid-base chemistry remains jammed for hours, until it finally occurs within minutes at a rate that follows the ...
Banales Jesús M - - 2008
Polycystic kidney (PCK) rats are a spontaneous model of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease that exhibit cholangiocyte-derived liver cysts. We have previously reported that in normal cholangiocytes a subset of vesicles contain three proteins (ie, the water channel AQP1, the chloride channel CFTR, and the anion exchanger AE2) that account ...
Garre Elena - - 2009
The role of the acid trehalase encoded by the ATH1 gene in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is still unclear. In this work, we investigated the regulation of ATH1 transcription and found a clear involvement of the protein kinase Hog1p in the induction of this gene under severe stress conditions, such ...
Ghosh Suman - - 2008
Colonization by the fungal pathogen Candida albicans varies significantly, depending upon the pH and availability of oxygen. Because of our interest in extracellular molecules as potential quorum-sensing molecules, we examined the physiological conditions which regulate the production of the aromatic alcohols, i.e., phenethyl alcohol, tyrosol, and tryptophol. The production of ...
Kim Y S - - 2008
Salt effect on gelling properties of fish protein isolate (FPI) prepared by acid- and alkali-aided extraction was investigated. Acid- or alkali-extracted FPI formed significantly better gel texture with 0% NaCl than with 3% NaCl. Texture properties of acid- or alkali-extracted FPI decreased as NaCl content increased, especially at 2% to ...
Rolen S H - - 2008
Bile salts are known olfactory stimuli for teleosts, but only a single report has indicated that the taste system of a fish was sensitive to this class of stimuli. Here, gustatory responses of the channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, to four bile salts that included taurine-, glycine- and non-conjugated compounds along ...
Chorghade Mukund S - - 2008
4-Fluoroprolines are among the most useful nonnatural amino acids in chemical biology. Here, practical routes are reported for the synthesis of the 2S,4R, 2S,4S, and 2R,4S diastereomers of 4-fluoroproline. Each route starts with (2S,4R)-4-hydroxyproline, which is a prevalent component of collagen and hence readily available, and uses a fluoride salt ...
Zorita Saioa - - 2008
Three different SPE sorbents (weak cation exchange, mixed cation exchange, and hydrophobic-lipophilic balance polymers) were compared in terms of recovery, precision, and the effect of matrix components on analyte response for the determination of fluoroquinolones antibiotics. The influence of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt (Na2-EDTA) was as well tested. Two of ...
Bacardit Anna - - 2008
Tanning processes performed in drums consume large amounts of water and chemicals, most of which end up in the wastewater. This study explores an alternative approach at an industrial scale to the traditional pickle-chrome tanning method. The new method replaces formic and sulphuric acids with sulphonic aromatic acid. Because it ...
Martoni Christopher - - 2008
This is the first study of its kind to screen probiotic lactic acid bacteria for the purpose of microencapsulating a highly bile salt hydrolase (BSH)-active strain. A Lactobacillus reuteri strain and a Bifidobacterium longum strain were isolated as the highest BSH producers among the candidates. Microcapsules were prepared with a ...
Baldwin R W - - 2008
The toxicity of fatty acid salts to German, Blattella germanica (L.), and American cockroaches, Periplaneta americana (L.), was evaluated. Potassium and sodium laurate caused up to 95% mortality of German cockroaches and 100% mortality of American cockroaches. Even-numbered potassium fatty acid salts, C8-C18 were assessed for toxicity at 0.125, 0.25, ...
Dierks Anneke - - 2008
In the tropical butterfly Bicyclus anynana (Nymphalidae) essential components of fitness (such as fecundity and longevity) depend to a large degree on exogenous adult-derived nutrients, particularly carbohydrates. We investigated which of the nutrients/compounds found in the adult diet act as feeding stimuli, and whether butterflies show preferences for particular nutrients ...
Rizzi George P - - 2008
Effects of cationic species on Maillard browning were examined after heating (ca. 100 degrees C) aqueous pH 7.2 buffered solutions of amino acids and pentose sugars. Metallic ions of Group I metals (Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) produced a small increase in browning (A420), but somewhat greater effects were ...
Priebe Jacks P - - 2008
The rate of specific hydrogen ion-catalyzed hydrolysis of 2-( p-heptoxyphenyl)-1,3-dioxolane and acid-base equilibrium of 4-carboxy-1-n-dodecylpyridinium in zwitterionic micelles of SB3-14, C14H29NMe2+(CH2)3SO3(-) are controlled by NaClO4, which induces anionic character and uptake of H3O+ in the micelles. Other salts, e.g., NaF, NaCl, NaBr, NaNO3, NaI, NaBF4, have similar, but smaller, effects ...
Toelstede Simone - - 2008
The first comprehensive quantitative determination of 49 putative taste-active metabolites and mineral salts in 4- and 44-week-ripened Gouda cheese, respectively, has been performed; the ranking of these compounds in their sensory impact based on dose-over-threshold (DoT) factors, followed by the confirmation of their sensory relevance by taste reconstruction and omission ...
Singh Shailendra P - - 2008
In the present investigation we show that the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis PCC 7937 produces a single mycosporine-like amino acid (MAA), shinorine (retention time = 2.3 min and absorption maximum at 334 nm) when isolated and purified by HPLC. Although there was significant induction of MAA synthesis from its initial value ...
Zhu Fenfen - - 2008
Chloride content is a critical problem for the reuse of fly ash as a raw material in cement, and the method used by recyclers to reduce the fly ash chloride content depends on the chemical form of the chlorides. However, limited information is available on the quantitative distribution of chlorides ...
Qin Jing - - 2008
In the present study, various gradients were evaluated for efficient loading of weak acid into liposomes. Several salt gradients showed efficient loading of ferulic acid (FA) into liposomes and the optimized conditions were established in calcium acetate gradient method to obtain 80.2 +/- 5.2% entrapment efficiency (EE). Unilamellar vesicles were ...
Bigucci Federica - - 2008
Site-specific controlled release systems have been extensively investigated during the last decade. The aim of this study was to describe a pH-dependent drug release system based on chitosan salts for vancomycin hydrochloride delivery. Chitosan salts with succinic acid, adipic acid, and suberic acid were prepared by spray-drying and were coated ...
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