Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1259
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Choi You-Jin YJ College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, - - 2011
Herbal medicines are widely used in many countries for the treatment of many diseases. Although the use of herb extracts as alternative medicine is growing, their toxicological properties have not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we have investigated the effects of water and ethanol extracts of 18 herbs on ...
Das Deepankar - - 2011
α-Amino acids react with aldehydes in the presence of a cyanide source to form α-amino nitriles in what can be considered a decarboxylative variant of the classical Strecker reaction. This unprecedented transformation does not require the use of a metal catalyst and provides facile access to valuable α-amino nitriles that ...
De Chandra Kanta - - 2011
A dual-catalysis approach, namely the combination of an achiral nucleophilic catalyst and a chiral anion-binding catalyst, was applied to the Steglich rearrangement to provide α,α-disubstituted amino acid derivatives in a highly enantioselective fashion. Replacement of the nucleophilic co-catalyst for isoquinoline resulted in a divergent reaction pathway and an unprecedented transformation ...
Li Angzhen - - 2011
In this study, degradation of humic acid (HA) via photoelectrocatalysis (PEC) process and corresponding disinfection byproduct formation potential (DBPFP) were investigated. Particularly, structure variation and subsequent DBPFP of HA during PEC treatment were correlated. The PEC process was found to be effective in reducing dissolved organic carbon concentration by 75.0% ...
Genna Douglas T - - 2011
Carboxylic acids were converted directly in 56-99% yields into methyl, n-butyl, and isopropyl ketones using excess cyanocuprates R(2)CuLi·LiCN. A substrate with a stereocenter α to the carboxylic acid was converted into ketones with very little loss of enantiomeric purity. A variety of functional groups were tolerated including aryl bromides. This ...
Cui Sunliang - - 2011
A Pd-catalyzed C4-olefination of oxazoles via C-H bond activation under mild conditions was achieved. The reaction was shown to be general over a range of substrates. New protocols for the divergent transformation of these products to provide functionalized amino alcohol and amino acid derivatives have also been established.
Lundy Brian J - - 2011
An enantioselective addition of alkenylboronic acids and alkynylboronic esters to unprotected indole-appended enones is reported. This transformation proceeds with high enantioselectivity and high product yields via the use of catalytic amounts of 3,3'-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-BINOL and Mg(Ot-Bu)(2). A range of α-branched indole derivatives are available from the transformation.
He Zhi - - 2011
A new class of stable molecules, alpha-boryl aldehydes, has been prepared from oxiranyl MIDA boronates by a 1,2-boryl migration and concomitant epoxide scission. A range of boryl imines, alkenes, alcohols, acids, enol ethers, ena-mides, and other functionalized boronic acid derivatives, difficult or impossible to prepare using established protocols, can be ...
Zhao Xiaodan - - 2011
An efficient enantioselective approach to form trans-γ-lactams in up to 99% yield, 93% ee, and >20/1 dr using unactivated imines has been developed. The cyclohexyl-substituted azolium and the weak base sodium o-chlorobenzoate are most suitable for this transformation. Notably, the process involves cooperative catalysis by an N-heterocyclic carbene and a ...
Stivala Craig E - - 2011
A direct, highly enantioselective alkylation of arylacetic acids via enediolates using a readily available chiral lithium amide as a stereodirecting reagent has been developed. This approach circumvents the traditional attachment and removal of chiral auxiliaries used currently for this type of transformation. The protocol is operationally simple, and the chiral ...
Silvestrini-Biavati Armando - - 2011
The aim of this study was to analyse, in vitro, the chemical and mechanical properties of a new fibre retainer, Everstick, comparing its characteristics with the requirements for an orthodontic retainer. Chemical analysis was used to examine seven fibre bundles exposed to a photocuring lamp and then to different acids ...
Afzal Mohammad - - 2011
We performed a series of experiments with Geobacillus stearothermophilus, a thermophile isolated from oil-contaminated soil in the Kuwaiti desert. The organism has a good potential for the transformation of a broad spectrum of organic molecules such as steroids, amino acids, and aromatic hydrocarbons. In the present study, we tested its ...
Xue Zhi-Yong - - 2011
A novel catalytic asymmetric Michael addition of azomethine ylide with beta-substituted alkylidene bisphosphates was realized in the presence of a chiral Copper(I)/TF-BiphamPhos complex. The present system provides a unique and facile access to enantioenriched alpha-unnatural amino acid derivatives containing gem-bisphos-phonates (BP) in high yields and excellent diastereoselectivities and enantioselectivities. Subsequent ...
Liu Jianmin - - 2011
The open reading frame of the Δ(6)-desaturase gene was isolated from Mortierella alpina W15 and the gene was cloned into a pPIC3.5K vector. The vector was transformed into Pichia pastoris GS115 and expression was induced with methanol. The Δ(6)-desaturase expressed in P. pastoris GS115 catalyzed the conversion of linoleic acid ...
Rueping Magnus - - 2011
Recently, chiral highly acidic Brønsted acids have emerged as powerful catalysts for enantioselective CC and CX bond-forming reactions. Their strong acidity renders them valuable tools for the activation of imines, carbonyl compounds, and other weakly basic substrates. As a result, new perspectives are opened and highly stereoselective transformations based on ...
Lu Jinrong - - 2011
A novel functional tweezer based on uracil-appended glycyrrhetinic acid with excellent gelation ability was synthesized, and the gel could transform to sol by F(-) and Hg(2+).
White Robert H - - 2011
Recent work has demonstrated that 4-hydroxybenzoic acid is the in vivo precursor to the 1-(4-aminophenyl)-1-deoxy-D-ribitol (APDR) moiety present in the C1 carrier coenzyme methanopterin present in the methanogenic archaea. For this transformation to occur the hydroxyl group of the 4-hydroxybenzoic acid must be replaced by an amino group at some ...
Rueping Magnus - - 2011
Chiral phosphoric acids and derivatives have attracted considerable attention as a powerful tool in asymmetric catalysis. Various enantioselective reactions have been developed by using these efficient Brønsted acid organocatalysts. Although initially the activation was restricted to reactive Brønsted basic substrates, recent reports are demonstrating the versatility of phosphoric acid catalysts ...
Rempt M - - 2011
We addressed the role of the unusual acetylenic fatty acid dicranin as a precursor for volatile oxylipins in the moss Dicranum scoparium. Dicranin is transformed immediately after mechanical wounding of moss tissue to volatile C5- and C6-oxylipins. The transformation of synthetic deuterium labeled dicranin was monitored using LC/MS analysis and ...
De Marco Rosaria - - 2011
The acid-catalyzed dehydration is one of the most important processes that transforms 3-hydroxy steroids into their corresponding unsaturated derivatives. This reaction is of great importance because it can produce molecules that play a key role in the understanding of the natural metabolism of steroids. Sterol dehydration is generally performed with ...
Belloni Benedetta - - 2011
A 60-year-old woman with advanced Huntington's disease and a recent episode of aspiration pneumonia presented with erythema, edema, and blistering of the right forearm. An 18-gauge peripheral intravenous catheter had been partially displaced from the same site 10 hours earlier, resulting in infusion of an unknown quantity of parenteral-nutrition solution ...
Cao Shougen - - 2011
We investigated the therapeutic effects of parenteral fish oil on survival, fatty acids profile in plasma and erythrocytes membranes, T lymphocyte subsets, and plasma cytokines in a rat model of sepsis. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis. For recovery, central venous catheterization was performed ...
Palkó Márta - - 2011
all-endo-3-amino-5-hydroxybicyclo[2.2.2]octane-2-carboxylic acid (13) and all-endo-5-amino-6-(hydroxymethyl)bicyclo[2.2.2]octan-2-ol (10) were prepared via dihydro-1,3-oxazine or g-lactone intermediates by the stereoselective functionalization of an N-protected derivative of endo-3-aminobicyclo[2.2.2]oct-5-ene-2-carboxylic acid (2). Ring closure of b-amino ester 4 resulted in tricyclic pyrimidinones 15 and 16. The structures, stereochemistry and relative configurations of the synthesized compounds were determined ...
Dichi Emma - - 2011
This work deals with the preparation and characterization of high-purity nanoparticles of γ-amino n-butyric acid (GABA) in order to enhance the efficiency of this drug. A sublimation procedure at low pressure was applied to GABA after improving the experimental parameters of this physical transformation. The elaboration of the molecule is ...
Yarandi Shadi S - - 2011
Complete parenteral nutrition solutions contain mixed amino acid products providing all nine essential amino acids and a varying composition of nonessential amino acids. Relatively little rigorous comparative efficacy research on altered parenteral nutrition amino acid composition has been published in recent years. Limited data from randomized, double-blind, adequately powered clinical ...
Rueping Magnus - - 2010
Recently, 1,1'-bi-2-naphthol (BINOL)-based N-triflylphosphoramides emerged as a new class of potent Brønsted acid catalysts. In this paper we describe the efficient synthesis of various BINOL-based N-triflylphosphoramides and their calcium salts. Furthermore, X-ray crystal structure analysis combined with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) measurements confirmed that the synthesised chiral N-triflylphosphoramides are highly ...
Tomé Luciana I N - - 2010
Ion-specific effects on the aqueous solubilities of biomolecules are relevant in many areas of biochemistry and life sciences. However, a general and well-supported molecular picture of the phenomena has not yet been established. In order to contribute to the understanding of the molecular-level interactions governing the behavior of biocompounds in ...
Nagy Peter I - - 2010
Salt-bridge formation between Asp/Glu···Lys and Asp/Glu···Arg side chains has been studied by model systems including formic and acetic acids as proton donors and methylamine, guanidine, and methylguanidine as proton acceptors. Calculations have been performed up to the CCSD(T)(CBS)//MP2/aug-cc-pvtz level with formic acid proton donors. Complexes formed with acetic acid were ...
Rembacz Krzysztof P - - 2010
Bile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase (BAAT) conjugates bile salts to glycine or taurine, which is the final step in bile salt biosynthesis. In addition, BAAT is required for reconjugation of bile salts in the enterohepatic circulation. Recently, we showed that BAAT is a peroxisomal protein, implying shuttling of bile salts through ...
Kumar Sandeep - - 2010
Various inhibitors were tested for their inhibitory effects on soybean urease. The K(i) values for boric acid, 4-bromophenylboronic acid, butylboronic acid, and phenylboronic acid were 0.20 +/- 0.05 mM, 0.22 +/- 0.04 mM, 1.50 +/- 0.10 mM, and 2.00 +/- 0.11 mM, respectively. The inhibition was competitive type with boric ...
Yadav Vivek R - - 2010
Traditional medicine and diet has served mankind through the ages for prevention and treatment of most chronic diseases. Mounting evidence suggests that chronic inflammation mediates most chronic diseases, including cancer. More than other transcription factors, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and STAT3 have emerged as major regulators of inflammation, cellular transformation, and ...
Ishibashi Matsujiro - - 2011
We have succeeded in the cloning of alkaline phosphatase gene, haalp, from moderate halophile Halomonas sp. 593. A deduced amino acid sequence showed a high ratio of acidic to basic amino acids, characteristic of halophilic proteins. The gene product was efficiently expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 Star (DE3) pLysS, but ...
Li Miaosheng - - 2010
A general approach to the synthesis of a new series of unique sulfate anionic acid-labile surfactants (AALS) was developed. In this approach, the ketal was derived from methyl pyruvate, and the sulfate motif was introduced via sulfitylation of the alcohol, oxidation, and finally conversion of the sulfate diester to the ...
Shkel Irina A - - 2010
An accurate analytical expression for the Coulombic free energy of DNA as a function of salt concentration ([salt]) is essential in applications to nucleic acid (NA) processes. The cylindrical model of DNA and the nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann (NLPB) equation for ions in solution are among the simplest approaches capable of describing ...
Carvalho S A - - 2010
The use of fungal and yeast biomass in foodstuff, either as supplements or as major ingredients in formulations is an area of growing interest for the modern food industry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional potential of biomasses obtained from filamentous fungi Penicillium sclerotiorum, Penicillium janthinellum, ...
Neubig Richard R - - 2010
Many pharmacological agents include "inactive" constituents that are used to alter the solubility, stability, or pharmaceutical properties of a drug. These "salts" are often ignored, and the "active ingredient" gets all of the attention. Pamoic acid (4-[(3-carboxy-2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)methyl]-3-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxylic acid) has been used in formulations of several drugs as pamoate salts. This ...
Yin Yong-Gen - - 2010
Salt stress improves the quality of tomato fruits. To clarify the mechanism(s) underlying this phenomenon, we investigated metabolic alterations in tomato fruits exposed to 160 mM salt, focusing on metabolism of organic acids related to the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Quantitative analyses revealed that most amino ...
Becker Lillian C - - 2010
This report addresses the safety of the inorganic salts and esters of various fatty alcohols of myristic acid. Most of the esters are used as skin conditioning agents in many types of cosmetics in a range of concentrations. Myristate esters are readily hydrolyzed to the corresponding alcohols and acids, which ...
Tomillero A - - 2010
A-3309, Abobotulinumtoxin A, Adalimumab, AIDSVAX gp120 B/E, ALVAC E120TMG, Atorvastatin calcium; Bepridil, Bevacizumab; Candesartan cilexetil, Capecitabine, Cetuximab, Clopidogrel; Dapagliflozin, Dasatinib, Denosumab, Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride, Diacetylmorphine, Diannexin, Docetaxel, Dutasteride; Entecavir, Eplerenone, Erlotinib hydrochloride, Escitalopram oxalate, Everolimus, Ezetimibe; Fesoterodine fumarate, Flagellin.HuM2e, Fluzone; Glimepiride/rosiglitazone maleate; Hyaluronic acid-paclitaxel bioconjugate; IDX-184, Imatinib mesylate, Infliximab, Insulin glargine, ...
Elder David P - - 2010
The issue of controlling genotoxic impurities in novel active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) is a significant challenge. Much of the current regulatory concern, has been focused on the formation and control of genotoxic sulfonate esters. This is linked with the withdrawal of Viracept (Nefinavir mesilate) from European markets in mid-2007, over ...
Tomillero A - - 2010
[¹¹C]RAC; (18)F-Fluoromisonidazole; 89-12; 9-[¹⁸F]Fluoropropyl-(+)-dihydrotetrabenazine; Adalimumab, Adecatumumab, ADMVA, ADXS-11-001, Aflibercept, Agatolimod sodium, AGS-004, Alglucosidase alfa, Aliskiren fumarate, Alvocidib hydrochloride, AMG-108, AMG-853, Apixaban, Aripiprazole, Armodafinil, Atazanavir sulfate, Atomoxetine hydrochloride; Bevacizumab, BioMatrix Flex drug eluting stent, Biphasic insulin aspart, Bortezomib, Bosentan; Caspofungin acetate, Cediranib, Cetuximab, ChimeriVax-Dengue, Choriogonadotropin alfa, Cinacalcet hydrochloride, Cizolirtine citrate, Clofarabine, ...
Das Bhaskar C - - 2010
Organocatalytic domino oxa-Michael/aldol reactions between salicylaldehyde with electron deficient olefins are presented. We screened guanidine, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidine (TMG) and L-pipecolinic acid as organocatalysts for this transformation. 3-Substituted 2-phenyl-2H-chromene derivatives are synthesized with high yields and with poor enantioselectivity (5-17% ee) using L-pipecolinic acid while TMG works well with cinnamaldehyde without using ...
Tomillero A - - 2010
O(6)-Benzylguanine; (-)-Gossypol; Abatacept, AC-2592, Adalimumab, AIDSVAX gp120 B/E, Alemtuzumab, Aliskiren fumarate, ALVAC E120TMG, Ambrisentan, Amlodipine, Anakinra, Aripiprazole, Armodafinil, Atomoxetine hydrochloride, Avotermin; Bevacizumab, BIBW-2992, Bortezomib, Bosentan, Botulinum toxin type B; Canakinumab, CAT-354, Ciclesonide, CMV gB vaccine, Corifollitropin alfa, Daptomycin, Darbepoetin alfa, Dasatinib, Denosumab; EndoTAG-1, Eplerenone, Esomeprazole sodium, Eszopiclone, Etoricoxib, Everolimus, Exenatide, ...
Turner David C - - 2010
We have applied a molecular dynamics (MD) method to investigate the aggregation behavior and physicochemical properties of bile salt as well as bile salt/fatty acid mixed micelles. Local atomic density profiles from the center of the micelles confirm that the self-assembly of the trihydroxy bile salt, glycocholate, is largely driven ...
Matsumura Fumiko - - 2010
Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid salts of tertiary amines were employed as extremely mild acidic activators for rapid glycosylations. Glycosyl phosphite triesters bearing an acid-labile 4,4'-dimethoxytrityl (DMTr) group for transient protection worked as glycosyl donors effectively in the presence of the activators to afford the corresponding disaccharides in good yields without loss of ...
Diskin Charles J - - 2010
Although it was first described over a quarter of a century ago, the mechanisms behind the antimicrobial activity of fresh peritoneal dialysate have been poorly understood. Recent insight into the biochemistry appears to suggest that at least part of the effect resides in the salts of the carboxylic acids. An ...
Wang Qi-Fang - - 2010
An efficient synthetic procedure for the preparation of the unusual charge-separated pyridinium-Meldrum acid and N,N-dimethylbarbiturate acid zwitterionic salts was developed though a unique one-pot four-component reaction involving pyridine, aromatic aldehyde, Meldrum acid or N,N-dimethylbarbituric acid, and p-nitrobenzyl bromide in acetonitrile. By varying combinations of four components involving nitrogen-containing heterocycles, we ...
She Dong-Mei - - 2010
The focus of this paper was to identify a cheaper solvent from among diesel fuel, kerosene, sulfolane or a mixture of sulfolane and cyclohexanol for the preparation of cyanuric acid heterocyclization of urea. To obtain a higher yield, the effects of catalyst (sodium, ammonium, calcium and zinc salts) and temperature ...
Milillo S R - - 2010
Salmonella-contaminated poultry products are considered major contributors to foodborne illness. The anti-Salmonella activity of organic acid salts has been studied in food products and poultry feed but rarely in combination with nonchemical treatments. Here, we investigated the combination of acidified organic acid salt solutions with thermal treatment as an effective ...
Roszol L - - 2010
The paper describes a new phenomenon discovered in the electrolytic analog of a semiconductor diode. As an example, the phenomenon is studied in the 0.1M KOH-0.1M HCl diode where the alkaline and the acidic reservoirs are connected by a hydrogel cylinder. First the traditional, so-called positive salt effect is discussed. ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >