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Results 251 - 300 of 1321
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Zelber-Sagi Shira S Department of Gastroenterology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, 64239 Tel-Aviv, Israel. - - 2013
To compare noninvasive methods presently used for steatosis detection and quantification in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Cross-sectional study of subjects from the general population, a subgroup from the First Israeli National Health Survey, without excessive alcohol consumption or viral hepatitis. All subjects underwent anthropometric measurements and fasting blood tests. ...
Ghosh Debasree D Department of Zoology, R.B.C. College, Naihati, 743 165 West Bengal - - 2014
The present observation records the lipid classes and their fatty acid composition of the neutral lipid and phospholipid of the trematode Paramphistomum cervi and liver of its host Capra hircus, the common Indian goat. Thin Layer Chromatography and Gas Liquid Chromatography were used to identify different neutral lipid and phospholipid ...
Fardet Anthony - - 2013
Increased consumption of plant products is associated with lower chronic disease prevalence. This is attributed to the great diversity of healthy phytochemicals present in these foods. The most investigated physiological effects have been their antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, hypolipidemic, and hypoglycemic properties. Although less studied in humans, some compounds were very early ...
Ebaid Hossam - - 2013
This study investigated the protective effects of melatonin and folic acid against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic injury in rats. Oxidative stress, liver function, liver histopathology and serum lipid levels were evaluated. The levels of protein kinase B (Akt1), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), programmed cell death-receptor (Fas) and Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) ...
Ju Hyun Kyoung - - 2013
Background: A metabolomic study of biomarkers associated with dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced hepatic fibrosis in Sprague-Dawley rats was performed using GC-MS. The clinical chemistry of the collected blood and the histopathology of excised liver samples were examined, and urine samples were prepared by solvent extraction. Results: Through pattern analysis, the DMN-treated group ...
Hoek-van den Hil Elise F - - 2013
Elevated circulating lipid levels are known risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In order to examine the effects of quercetin on lipid metabolism, mice received a mild-high-fat diet without (control) or with supplementation of 0.33% (w/w) quercetin for 12 weeks. Gas chromatography and (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance were used to ...
Seitz Helmut K - - 2013
We and others have shown that chronic alcohol consumption results in the induction of CYP2E1 in the liver. We have also detected for the first time such an induction in the mucosa of the small intestine and the colon. The overall induction of CYP2E1 shows interindividual variations and occurs already ...
Chen Yong-Gang - - 2013
SDD17, a delta-15 desaturase from the fungus Saprolegnia can convert arachidonic acid to eicosapentanoic acid in yeast, plant embryos, and mammalian cells. Here, we generated transgenic mice that carried two copies of codon-optimized sdd17 cDNA within a non-coding domain of chromosome 6. RT-PCR analysis revealed that the foreign gene was ...
Chen Yongbiao - - 2013
Mitochondrial impairment is hypothesized to contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic cholestatic liver diseases. Mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) regulates mitochondrial morphology and signaling and is involved in the development of numerous mitochondrial-related diseases; however, a functional role for Mfn2 in chronic liver cholestasis which is characterized by increased levels of toxic ...
Wang Dong - - 2013
Liver specific deletion of the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) induces steatosis and hypersensitivity to insulin. Saturated fatty acids, which induce endoplasmic reticulum stress and cell death, appear to increase PTEN, whereas unsaturated fatty acids which do not induce endoplasmic reticulum stress or cell ...
Liu Changjin - - 2013
Oleanolic acid (OA), contained in more than 1620 plants and as an aglycone precursor for naturally occurred and synthesized triterpenoid saponins, is used in China for liver disorders in humans. However, the underlying liver-protecting mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we found that treatment of rats with OA (25 mg/kg/day, gavage, once ...
Wang Li-Ya - - 2013
Lipid metabolism plays important roles in the whole process of pregnancy. Previous studies have demonstrated abnormalities of lipid metabolism in the placentas of pregnancies obtained by assisted reproductive technology (ART). Therefore, we hypothesized that ART micromanipulation may affect lipid metabolism in offspring, and focused on the fatty acid metabolism in ...
Saiki Erisha - - 2013
Malaria is the most significant human parasitic disease, and yet understanding of the energy metabolism of the principle pathogen, Plasmodium falciparum, remains to be fully elucidated. Amino acids were shown to be essential nutritional requirements since early times and much of the current knowledge of Plasmodium energy metabolism is based ...
Li Xian - - 2013
To research the acid-triggered core cross-linked folate-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly[N-(N',N'-diisopropylaminoethyl) glutamine] (folated-PEG-P[GA-DIP]) amphiphilic block copolymer for targeted drug delivery and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in liver cancer cells. As an appropriate receptor of protons, the N,N-diisopropyl tertiary amine group (DIP) was chosen to conjugate with the side carboxyl groups of poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly ...
Abrams Steven A - - 2013
Advancements in the care of premature infants and infants with severe bowel disease have occurred in which long-term use of i.v. nutrition is a cornerstone of successful therapy. Concern about the role of i.v. lipid emulsions in causing severe liver damage to high-risk infants receiving long-term i.v. nutrition has led ...
Tanaka Shizuyo - - 2013
Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) are utilized as models for study of the pathogenesis of not only stroke and cardiovascular disorders but also atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome. Basic information on the profiles of fatty acids and lipid classes in the liver is indispensable to use SHRSP as a model of ...
Mustonen Anne-Mari - - 2013
Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can have beneficial effects against fat deposition, cardiovascular diseases, and liver steatosis. We investigated how diets based on lard (predominantly saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids) or flaxseed oil (rich in 18:3n-3) affect liver fat-% and fatty acid profiles of tundra voles (Microtus oeconomus). We ...
Yang Jun - - 2013
We previously reported that 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) increased the levels of several cytochrome P450 metabolites of the omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), arachidonic acid (ARA) and linoleic acid in the serum, liver, lung and spleen of C57BL/6 mice in an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-dependent fashion. These increases correlated with increased levels ...
Xu Jialin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine whether Nrf2 activation, via Keap1-knockdown (Keap1-KD), regulates lipid metabolism and mobilization induced by food deprivation (e.g. fasting). Male C57BL/6 (WT) and Keap1-KD mice were either fed ad libitum or food deprived for 24 hours. After fasting, WT mice exhibited a marked increase ...
Balogun Kayode A - - 2013
Omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are converted to bioactive lipid components that are important mediators in metabolic and physiological pathways; however, which bioactive compounds are metabolically active, and their mechanisms of action are still not clear. We investigated using lipidomic techniques, the effects of diets high in n-3 PUFA ...
Vieira Andres C - - 2013
In vivo, after administration by gavage to mice and rats, okadaic acid has been reported to produce lesions in liver, small intestine and forestomach. Because several reports differ in the damage detected in different organs, and on okadaic acid distribution after consumption, we determined the toxicity of this compound after ...
Li Peng P College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, - - 2013
Background: NEFA plays numerous roles in the metabolism of glucose, lipids, and proteins. A number of experimental studies have shown that NEFA may have an important role in fatty acid metabolism in the liver, especially in dairy cows that experience negative energy balance (NEB) during early lactation. Methods: In this ...
Popescu Laura Anca LA "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania; - - 2013
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) ranges from simple hepatic steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH) and cirrhosis. The aim of this study is to test beneficial effects of omega-3 fatty acids (DHA 130 mg, EPA 25 mg) treatment in NAFLD, in a mouse model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. As pretreatment, 50 ...
Han Seungyeup S Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine, USA ; Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University, School of medicine Daegu, South - - 2013
Heavy proteinuria (nephrotic syndrome) is associated with hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and a high risk of atherosclerosis. Hypertriglyceridemia in nephrotic syndrome (NS) is partly due to increased TG and TG-rich lipoprotein production. However, data on the effect of NS on fatty acid production and catabolic machinery are limited. NS was induced in ...
Jump Donald B DB Nutrition Program, School of Biological and Population Health Science, Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. - - 2013
Fatty acid regulation of hepatic gene transcription was first reported in the early 1990s. Several transcription factors have been identified as targets of fatty acid regulation. This regulation is achieved by direct fatty acid binding to the transcription factor or by indirect mechanisms where fatty acids regulate signaling pathways controlling ...
Sikalidis Angelos K AK Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2013
Translation initiation is known to be regulated by the binding of eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) by binding proteins (4EBPs), and there is evidence that amino acid deprivation and other cellular stresses upregulate 4EBP1 expression. To pursue the question of whether diets limited in an essential amino acid lead to ...
Ritze Yvonne - - 2013
Saturated fatty acids are thought to be of relevance for the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and obesity. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In previous studies we found that food-derived carbohydrates such as fructose alter the intestinal serotonergic system while inducing fatty liver disease in mice. Here, ...
Wei Xiaoli X Chemistry Department, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, - - 2013
A method of employing high-resolution mass spectrometry in combination with in vivo metabolite deuterium labeling was developed in this study to investigate the effects of alcohol exposure on lipid homeostasis at the white adipose tissue (WAT)-liver axis in a mouse model of alcoholic fatty liver. In order to differentiate the ...
Westman Ola - - 2012
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widespread fused-ring contaminants formed during incomplete combustion of almost all kind of organic materials from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Some PAHs have been shown to be carcinogenic to humans, and a wide range of PAHs are found in wildlife all around the globe including ...
Li Guipu - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of sandalwood seed oil on fatty acid (FA) profiles and inflammatory factors in rats. Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five different dietary groups: 10 % soybean oil (SO), 10 % olive oil (OO), 10 % safflower oil (SFO), 10 % ...
Bodoy Susanna - - 2013
The SLC43 family is composed of only three genes coding for the plasma membrane facilitator system l amino acid transporters LAT3 (SLC43A1; TC 2.A.1.44.1) and LAT4 (SLC43A2; TC 2.A.1.44.2), and the orphan protein EEG1 (SLC43A3; TC 2.A.1.44.3). Besides the known mechanism of transport of LAT3 and LAT4, their physiological roles ...
Monteiro Jessica - - 2013
Alpha-linolenic acid's (ALA) biological activity is poorly understood and primarily associated with its conversion to eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Delta-6 desaturase (D6D) initiates the metabolism of linoleic acid (LA) and ALA to arachidonic acid, EPA, and DHA, respectively. In this study, D6D knock-out (D6KO) mice were used ...
Xiong Yin-Hua - - 2012
In this study, we have developed and validated a simple, accurate and sensitive gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method for simultaneous quantification of 18 fatty acids in rat serum, including both non-esterified (NEFA) and esterified (EFA) fatty acids, and subsequent analysis of fatty acid metabolic profiles. This novel method was used ...
Sadhasivam Giji - - 2012
Although Hyaluronic acid research pursuits ahead in exploring its biomedical perspective, very limited investigations were carried out in their isolation shape view point, furthermore, most of the investigations were targeted towards the terrestrial source. To swerve from that, the present study was projected through the marine superstore, where in high ...
Derdak Zoltan Z Division of Gastroenterology & Liver Research Center, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA. - - 2013
p53 and its transcriptional target miRNA34a have been implicated in the pathogenesis of fatty liver. We tested the efficacy of a p53 inhibitor, pifithrin-α p-nitro (PFT) in attenuating steatosis, associated oxidative stress and apoptosis in a murine model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat ...
Yalçin S - - 2012
Eggs (n = 1,800) obtained from Ross broiler breeders at 32 and 48 wk of age were incubated at either a constant temperature of 37.6°C throughout (T1), or the temperature was reduced for 6 h to 36.6°C each day during embryonic age (EA) 10 to 18 (T2). Yolk sac, liver, ...
Rukkumani R - - 2012
<strong> </strong> Alcoholic fibrosis and its end stage cirrhosis represent a major health problem worldwide. Liver fibrosis occurs when the rate of matrix synthesis exceeds matrix degradation. The degree of matrix remodeling depends on the ratio of active matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). The objective of ...
Muñoz R - - 2012
This study investigated (i) whether genetic selection for decreased backfat thickness at constant intramuscular fat (IMF) affects the expression of lipogenic enzymes in pig liver and (ii) whether expression of the hepatic lipogenic enzymes is related to subcutaneous fat and IMF fatty acid composition. The enzymes investigated were fatty acid ...
Kaya-Dagistanli Fatma - - 2012
We studied the effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on the liver cell damages and apoptosis by n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) rich diet in young rats. 24 Wistar rats were divided into four groups. During the study, 12 of them (control) were fed with standard chow and other 12 (n-6) ...
Leamy Alexandra K AK Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B 351604, Nashville, TN 37235, - - 2013
The steady rise in Western obesity rates has been closely linked to significant increases in a multitude of accompanying health problems including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD severity ranges from simple steatosis to acute steatohepatitis, but the molecular mechanisms controlling progression of this disease are poorly understood. Recent literature ...
Gregory Melissa K - - 2012
The health benefits of the (n-3) PUFA EPA and DHA have created a demand for fish and fish oil, the main sources of these PUFA. Production animals, such as poultry, are potential alternate and sustainable sources of EPA and DHA, provided these fatty acids can be synthesized from plant-derived α-linolenic ...
Fedor Dawn M - - 2012
Abstract Background: Concomitant supplementation of 1.5% docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3; DHA) with 0.5% t10, c12-conjugated linoleic acid (18:2 n-6; CLA) prevented the CLA-induced increase in expression of hepatic genes involved in fatty acid synthesis and the decrease in expression of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation. The effect of CLA ...
Jia Huijuan - - 2012
SCOPE: This study addresses the effects of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) on global gene expression in liver and skeletal muscle and the molecular mechanisms underlying the improvement in liver cirrhosis using DNA microarray analysis combined with RNase protection assay. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Wistar rats administered carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4) ) ...
Toshikuni Nobuyuki - - 2013
We compared the relationships of alcoholic fatty liver and nonalcoholic fatty liver with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. Using a nationwide Japanese survey, we collected data on subjects with biopsy-proven alcoholic fatty liver or nonalcoholic fatty liver. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine whether alcoholic fatty liver and ...
Sun Lingbin - - 2012
Paclobutrazol (PBZ) is a triazole-containing fungicide which is widely used in agriculture. Acute toxicity can follow its extensive use but it is generally weaker than traditional pesticides such as organochlorine and organophosphorus. However, its adverse effects on aquatic organisms need to be investigated. This study was conducted to investigate the ...
Rossi Enrico - - 2012
Abstract Background: Serum hyaluronic acid and biochemical models which require hyaluronic acid analysis are commonly used as predictors of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease, however biological variation data for hyaluronic acid are deficient. Methods: Four serial serum samples were obtained at weekly intervals from healthy volunteers and ...
Li Qiong Q Center for Translational Biomedical Research , University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Kannapolis, NC 28081, - - 2013
Alcohol consumption is a major cause of fatty liver, and dietary saturated fats have been shown to protect against alcoholic fatty liver. This study investigated the mechanisms of how dietary saturated fat may modulate alcohol-induced hepatic lipid dyshomeostasis. Male Sprague Dawley rats were pair-fed with 3 isocaloric liquid diets, control, ...
Raphael Bram P - - 2012
Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), a serious complication occurring in infants, children, and adults exposed to long-term parenteral nutrition (PN), causes a wide-spectrum of disease, ranging from cholestasis and steatosis to fibrosis and eventually cirrhosis. Known host risk factors for IFALD include low birth weight, prematurity, short bowel syndrome, and ...
Otao R - - 2012
Bile acid signalling and farnesoid X receptor activation are assumed to be essential for liver regeneration. This study was designed to investigate the association between serum bile acid levels and extent of liver regeneration after major hepatectomy. Patients who underwent left- or right-sided hemihepatectomy between 2006 and 2009 at the ...
Metcalf J S - - 2012
The Lesser Flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor) is known to use cyanobacteria (primarily Arthrospira) as a major food source in the East African Rift Valley lakes. Periodically, mass mortalities have occurred, associated with the cyanobacterial toxins (cyanotoxins), microcystins and anatoxin-a. Deposition of these cyanotoxins into P. minor feathers has been shown to ...
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