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Results 251 - 300 of 1257
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Matsubara Tsutomu T Laboratory of Metabolism, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2012
Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) is activated as a result of liver injury, such as cholestasis. However, its influence on endogenous metabolism is not known. This study demonstrated that TGFβ regulates hepatic phospholipid and bile acid homeostasis through MAD homolog 3 (SMAD3) activation as revealed by lithocholic acid-induced experimental intrahepatic cholestasis. ...
Lanaspa Miguel A MA Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver, CO 80045, USA. - - 2012
Uric acid is an independent risk factor in fructose-induced fatty liver, but whether it is a marker or a cause remains unknown. Hepatocytes exposed to uric acid developed mitochondrial dysfunction and increased de novo lipogenesis, and its blockade prevented fructose-induced lipogenesis. Rather than a consequence, uric acid induces fatty liver ...
Sirota Jeffrey C JC Division of Renal Diseases & Hypertension, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, - - 2013
Experimental and observational studies suggest a role for uric acid in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We examined the association between serum uric acid levels and NAFLD in a large population-based study from the United States. A cross-sectional analysis of 10,732 nondiabetic adults who participated in the National Health and ...
Rosa Simone C - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The aging skin is a challenge for medical science. Plastic surgeons and dermatologists are called every day to solve problems like filling wrinkles or folds. The material used must be biocompatible because abnormal reactions may cause catastrophic results. This study analyzes the biological behavior of polymethylmethacrylate (Metacrill) and hyaluronic ...
Wang Shi Dong - - 2012
To investigate the potential effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) on the prevention and treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (the control group, GBE group, high-fat diet [HFD] group and HFD + GBE group). The human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) was treated ...
Su Yu-Cheng YC Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2012
Antrodia cinnamomea, a Taiwan-specific medicinal mushroom, can manipulate biological activities, including hepatoprotection, anti-inflammation, anti-hepatitis B virus activity, anticancer activity, etc. In this study, the anti-liver cancer activity and molecular mechanisms of eburicoic acid, the second most abundant triterpenoid from the fruiting bodies of basswood cultivated Antrodia cinnamomea was investigated using ...
Usami Makoto - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Changes in the microbiota composition are able to affect nutrient absorption and energy metabolism, but there are few human studies. The aims were to analyze fecal constituents quantitatively and compare them with liver dysfunction in hepatic cancer patients and to evaluate the relationships among intestinal microbiota, fecal ...
Gyamfi Daniel - - 2012
Understanding key aspects of the pathogenesis of alcoholic fatty liver disease particularly alterations to mitochondrial function remain to be resolved. The role of fatty acids in this regard requires further investigation due to their involvement in fatty liver disease and obesity. This study aimed to characterize the early effects of ...
Fu Shixin - - 2012
Background: Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a potent tumor suppressor gene that also plays a vital role in regulating fatty acid metabolism. Here we attempted to elucidate the role of PTEN in the regulation of fatty acid oxidation and the assembly and secretion of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) ...
Niculescu Mihai D - - 2012
Previous studies indicated that the intake of α-linolenic acid (ALA) can alter the concentration of both ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids in both mother and offspring, with consequences on postnatal brain development. This study describes the association between maternal ALA availability during gestation and lactation, and alterations in the Fads2 ...
Ryder Tim - - 2012
Inhibition of intestinal and hepatic microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is a potential strategy for the treatment of dyslipidemia and related metabolic disorders. Inhibition of hepatic MTP, however, results in elevated liver transaminases and increased hepatic fat deposition consistent with hepatic steatosis. Diethyl 2-((2-(3-(dimethylcarbamoyl)-4-(4'-(trifluoromethyl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-2-ylcarboxamido)phenyl)acetoxy)methyl)-2-phenylmalonate (JTT-130) is an intestine-specific inhibitor of ...
Kaptan Engin - - 2012
This study aimed to investigate the functional relationship of sialic acid in regressing and remodelling organs such as the tail, small intestine and liver during the metamorphosis of Pelophylax ridibundus. For this purpose, four groups were composed according to developmental periods by considering Gosner's criteria (1964). Our findings showed that ...
Angrish Michelle Manente MM Genetics Program, Center for Integrative ToxicologyMichigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, - - 2013
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) mediates alterations in hepatic lipid composition elicited by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). In order to further investigate the effects of TCDD, liver, serum, and gonadal white adipose tissue (gWAT) fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) and lipids were examined in fasted 4-week-old female mice orally gavaged with 30 ...
Hao Bing-Jie - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The aim of this study was to determine the anti-hepatitis B effect of isochlorogenic acid A isolated from Laggera alata (Asteraceae), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-hepatitis B activity of isochlorogenic acid A was evaluated by the d-galactosamine (D-GalN)-induced HL-7702 hepatocyte damage model and ...
Pfennig Till - - 2012
The liver is the principal source of glutamate in blood plasma. Recently we have discovered that efflux of glutamate from hepatocytes is catalyzed by the transporter OAT2 (human gene symbol SLC22A7). Organic anion transporter (OAT2) is an integral membrane protein of the sinusoidal membrane domain; it is primarily expressed in ...
Savary Stéphane - - 2012
Fatty acids are known to serve as energetic substrates, key components of membrane lipids, and as substrates for the synthesis of signaling molecules and complex lipids. They are also known to be ligands either of membrane receptors involved in cell signaling or of nuclear receptors mediating gene regulation. Accumulation of ...
Chamouton Julie - - 2012
In mammals, the liver is the major organ of fatty acid catabolism. This pathway is involved in both mitochondria and peroxisome. While mitochondria breaks down fatty acids with short, medium and long carbon chains, peroxisomes are involved in the catabolism of very long and branched chain fatty acids, which are ...
Kartkaya Kazim - - 2012
Gallic acid, a polyphenyl class natural product from gallnut and green tea, is known to be antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and radical scavenger. In this study, we aimed to investigate the possible protective effects of gallic acid on paraoxonase and arylesterase activities in liver exposed to acute alcohol intoxication. Paraoxonase and arylesterase ...
Cherkaoui Mustapha - - 2012
Three subhepatocellular compartments concur for fatty acids degradation including β-oxidation in endoplasmic reticulum and β-oxidation in both mitochondria and peroxisomes. Deficits affecting the peroxisomal physiology may be associated with multiple metabolic disturbances. Nowadays, a growing body of evidence underlines the key role of peroxisomal β-oxidation in the sensing of lipid ...
Narce Michel - - 2012
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD-1) is a delta-9 fatty acid desaturase that catalyzes the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids. Indeed, SCD-1 is the critical control point regulating hepatic lipogenesis and lipid oxidation. Due to its central role in lipid metabolism in the liver, recent studies have focused on the involvement of ...
Chazouillères Olivier - - 2012
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare and complex chronic cholestatic liver disease, and its management is hindered by a very poor understanding of its pathogenesis. Endogenous bile acids are likely to play a role either directly or indirectly in the pathogenesis and/or progression of PSC ('toxic-bile'hypothesis). At present, no ...
Taha Ameer Y - - 2012
Disturbed lipid metabolism has been reported in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected patients suggesting a direct effect of the virus on lipid metabolism. To test that the HIV-1 virus alone could alter lipid concentrations, we measured these concentrations in an HIV-1 transgenic (Tg) rat model of human HIV-1 infection, which demonstrates peripheral and ...
Guimarães Rafaela - - 2013
Roman chamomile, Chamaemelum nobile L. (Asteraceae), has been used for medicinal applications, mainly through oral dosage forms (decoctions and infusions). Herein, the nutritional characterisation of C. nobile was performed, and herbal material and its decoction and infusion were submitted to an analysis of phytochemicals and bioactivity evaluation. The antioxidant activity ...
Fernández Oscar - - 2013
Lipase-catalysed ethanolysis of squalene-free shark liver oil was investigated. The mentioned shark liver oil was comprised mainly of diacylglycerol ether and triacylglycerols. In order to test discrimination against diacylglycerol ether, up to 10 different lipases were compared. The ratio of oil to ethanol and lipase stability were also evaluated. Surprisingly, ...
Sugiyama Manabu - - 2012
Growth hormone (GH) transgenic Amago (Oncorhynchus masou ishikawae), containing the sockeye GH1 gene fused with metallothionein-B promoter from the same species, were generated and the physiological condition through lipid metabolism compared among homozygous (Tg/Tg) and heterozygous GH transgenic (Tg/+) Amago and the wild type control (+/+). Previously, we have reported ...
Echigoya Yusuke - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate effects of extracellular lactate on viability, shape change, lactate metabolism, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in equine polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). Sample-PMNs isolated from equine venous blood samples. Procedures-PMNs were incubated with 0 to 300mM lactate for 30 minutes before each experiment. Viability was assessed via trypan blue ...
Oliveira L P M - - 2012
The aim of this review is to describe the molecular mechanisms of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to present evidence regarding the mechanisms of soy-mediated therapeutic activity in preventing and treating NAFLD. NAFLD is induced by multiple metabolic pathways, including an increase in the release of fatty acids from ...
Lalisang Toar J M - - 2012
Aim: to confirm the role of bile acid value as single marker for liver function test as compared to the conventional liver function tests on obstructive jaundice patients. Methods: before and after study on severe obstructive jaundice patients was performed from December 2007 until January 2009. The liver function markers ...
Sponseller B T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Seasonal pasture myopathy (SPM) is a highly fatal form of nonexertional rhabdomyolysis that occurs in pastured horses in the United States during autumn or spring. In Europe, a similar condition, atypical myopathy (AM), is common. Recently, a defect of lipid metabolism, multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD), has been identified ...
Zhao Kai - - 2012
Objectives  Glycyrrhetinic acid is the main metabolite of glycyrrhizin and the main active component of Licorice root. This study was designed to investigate the in-vitro metabolism of glycyrrhetinic acid by liver microsomes and to examine possible metabolic interactions that glycyrrhetinic acid may have with other cytochrome P450 (CYP) substrates. Methods  ...
Morris A A M - - 2013
Liver dysfunction usually accompanies metabolic decompensation in fatty acid oxidation disorders, including carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) Ia deficiency. Typically, the liver is enlarged with raised plasma transaminase activities and steatosis on histological examination. In contrast, cholestatic jaundice is rare, having only been reported in long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD) deficiency. We report ...
Pfaffe Matthias - - 2012
Ligand exchange acetalization of acetals in the presence of catalytic amounts of mandelic acid and titanium tert-butoxide is reported. This transformation is successfully extended to glycosylation of unprotected and unactivated pentoses. Even unreactive pentoses such as d-arabinose or d-lyxose can be transformed by this new methodology into corresponding isopropyl glycosides.
Okitsu Takashi - - 2012
An efficient approach to benzoxazoles via tandem migration-carboalkoxylation of o-isocyanophenyl acetals has been developed. Both a Lewis acid and base are essential for this reaction, and the BF(3)·OEt(2)/2,4,6-collidine combination is the best choice for cooperative transformation.
Inabe Fumiyo - - 2012
Objective: The diagnosis of fatty liver is done mainly by ultrasonography, which it is not included in the usual health checkup examinations. The aim of this study was to develop an index to predict the existence of fatty liver using tests that are part of specific health examinations. Methods: A ...
Yamazaki Tohru - - 2012
The effect of fibrates (clofibric acid, bezafibrate and fenofibrate) on the gene expression and activity of 1-acylglycerophosphocholine acyltransferase (LPCAT) was investigated. The administration of 0.1% (w/w) clofibric acid, bezafibrate or fenofibrate in diet for 14 d to rats induced LPCAT activity in hepatic microsomes in the following order: fenofibrate>bezafibrate>clofibric acid. The ...
Saito Hiroaki - - 2012
The lipids and fatty acids of the neon flying squid (Ommastrephes bartramii) were an-alyzed to clarify its lipid physiology and health benefit as marine food. Triacylglycerols were the only major component in the digestive gland (liver). In all other organs (mantle, arm, integument, and ovary), sterols and phospholipids were the ...
Videla Luis A - - 2012
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in human obesity is characterized by the multifactorial nature of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms, which include misregulation of PPARs signaling. Liver PPAR-α downregulation with parallel PPAR-γ and SREBP-1c up-regulation may trigger major metabolic disturbances between de novo lipogenesis and fatty acid oxidation favouring the former, in ...
Cortie Colin H - - 2012
Cardiolipin is a signature phospholipid of major functional significance in mitochondria. In heart mitochondria the fatty acid composition of cardiolipin is commonly viewed as highly regulated due to its high levels of linoleic acid (18:2n - 6) and the dominant presence of a 4×18:2 molecular species. However, analysis of data ...
Ishii Rie - - 2012
A method using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry has been developed for the determination of clomeprop and its metabolite clomeprop acid in livestock and seafood products. Clomeprop and clomeprop acid were extracted with acetone-n-hexane mixture under acidic conditions, and were defatted by liquid-liquid separation using acetonitrile and n-hexane, followed ...
Li Donghong - - 2012
Novel microparticles based on chitosan and sodium alginate were prepared using emulsification and cross-linking technologies. The spherical microparticles had a porous surface and a diameter of 2 ~ 40 μm. In simulated body fluid, these microparticles quickly swelled but gradually degraded. The results of the MTT assay revealed that a ...
Lanaspa Miguel A - - 2012
Fatty liver (hepatic steatosis) is associated with nucleotide turnover, loss of ATP and generation of adenosine monophosphate (AMP). It is well known that in fatty liver, activity of the AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) is reduced and that its stimulation can prevent hepatic steatosis by both enhancing fat oxidation and reducing lipogenesis. ...
Fainberg Hernan P - - 2012
The Meishan pig breed exhibits increased prolificacy and reduced neonatal mortality compared to commercial breeds, such as the Large White, prompting breeders to introduce the Meishan genotype into commercial herds. Commercial piglets are highly susceptible to hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and death, potentially due to limited lipid stores and/or delayed hepatic metabolic ...
Ramayo-Caldas Yuliaxis - - 2012
New advances in high-throughput technologies have allowed for the massive analysis of genomic data, providing new opportunities for the characterization of the transcriptome architectures. Recent studies in pigs have employed RNA-Seq to explore the transcriptome of different tissues in a reduced number of animals. The main goal of this study ...
Lanaspa Miguel A - - 2012
Excessive dietary fructose intake may have an important role in the current epidemics of fatty liver, obesity and diabetes as its intake parallels the development of these syndromes and because it can induce features of metabolic syndrome. The effects of fructose to induce fatty liver, hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance, however, ...
Recknagel Peter P Integrated Research and Treatment Center, Center for Sepsis Control and Care, Jena University Hospital, Jena, - - 2012
Hepatic dysfunction and jaundice are traditionally viewed as late features of sepsis and portend poor outcomes. We hypothesized that changes in liver function occur early in the onset of sepsis, yet pass undetected by standard laboratory tests. In a long-term rat model of faecal peritonitis, biotransformation and hepatobiliary transport were ...
Chambers Kari T KT Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of - - 2012
PGC-1β plays pleiotropic roles in regulating intermediary metabolism and has been shown to regulate both catabolic and anabolic processes in liver. We sought to evaluate the effects of PGC-1β on liver energy metabolism by generating mice with postnatal, liver-specific deletion of PGC-1β (LS-PGC-1β(-/-) mice). LS-PGC-1β(-/-) mice were outwardly normal, but ...
Bae Jong-Sup - - 2011
Convenient enzymatic transformation of the phenylpropanoid caffeic acid (1) with polyphenol oxidase originating from pear afforded three new oxidized metabolites, caffeoxynic acid (2), caffeicinic acid (3), and isocaffeicinic acid (4), along with, 7,8-erythro-caffeicin (5) and phellinsin A (6). The structures of the three new caffeic acid oxidation products were elucidated ...
Anitha Prabukumar - - 2011
PURPOSE: Constitutive activation of the Wnt signaling pathway and its downstream effectors plays a key role in neoplastic transformation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of ellagic acid, a plant-derived polyphenol on Wnt/β-catenin signaling and its downstream circuits- NF-κB and mitochondrial apoptosis in the 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced ...
Choi You-Jin YJ College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, - - 2011
Herbal medicines are widely used in many countries for the treatment of many diseases. Although the use of herb extracts as alternative medicine is growing, their toxicological properties have not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we have investigated the effects of water and ethanol extracts of 18 herbs on ...
Das Deepankar - - 2011
α-Amino acids react with aldehydes in the presence of a cyanide source to form α-amino nitriles in what can be considered a decarboxylative variant of the classical Strecker reaction. This unprecedented transformation does not require the use of a metal catalyst and provides facile access to valuable α-amino nitriles that ...
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