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Results 201 - 250 of 1338
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Liu Aiqiu - - 2013
Although successful production of fatty alcohols in metabolically engineered Escherichia coli with heterologous expression of fatty acyl-CoA reductase has been reported, low biosynthetic efficiency is still a hurdle to be overcome. In this study, we examined the characteristics of two fatty acyl-CoA reductases encoded by Maqu_2220 and Maqu_2507 genes from ...
Lu Xinshan - - 2013
This study was to examine the hepatoprotective effects of polysaccharides from green tea of Huangshan Maofeng (HMTP) against CCl4-induced oxidative damage in mice. HMTP is an acidic heteropolysaccharide with galactose (35.0%, mol.%), arabinose (28.9%) and galacturonic acid (11.3%) being the main monosaccharide components. HMTP (400 and 800mg/kg·bw) administered orally daily ...
Stojković Dejan - - 2013
Mushrooms have been reported as sources of biomolecules with various potential. Coprinus comatus was studied to obtain information about this species, comparing cultivated and wild samples. Free sugars, fatty acids, tocopherols, organic acids and phenolic acids were analysed by chromatographic techniques coupled to different detectors. C. comatus methanolic extractwas tested ...
Lauinger Ina L IL Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of London, London WC1N 1AX, - - 2013
Chemicals targeting the liver stage (LS) of the malaria parasite are useful for causal prophylaxis of malaria. In this study, four lichen metabolites, evernic acid (1), vulpic acid (2), psoromic acid (3), and (+)-usnic acid (4), were evaluated against LS parasites of Plasmodium berghei. Inhibition of P. falciparum blood stage ...
Nzwalo Hipólito - - 2013
Hyperammonaemic encephalopathy is a rare and potentially fatal complication of valproic acid treatment. The clinical presentation of hyperammonaemic encephalopathy is wide and includes seizures and coma. We present a case of hyperammonaemic coma precipitated by sodium valproate use for symptomatic epilepsy in a patient with unrecognised portosystemic shunt, secondary to ...
Wang Renxue - - 2013
The bile salt export pump (BSEP), encoded by the abcb11 gene, is the major canalicular transporter of bile acids from the hepatocyte. BSEP malfunction in humans causes bile acid retention and progressive liver injury, ultimately leading to end stage liver failure. The natural, hydrophilic, bile acid ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is ...
Ristić-Medić Danijela - - 2013
The fatty acid composition of serum phospholipids were analyzed in 20 patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis (11 with malnutrition and 9 with acceptable nutritional status); 25 healthy age and sex-matched adults were used as controls. Cirrhotic patients showed higher levels of palmitic acid and total saturated fatty acids than healthy ...
Muir Kyle K Molecular Diagnostics Program and Cancer Prevention Program, Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington. - - 2013
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common preneoplastic condition of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Mice with hepatocytic deletion of Pten develop NASH and HCC later in life. This model is highly valuable for studies aimed at identifying the molecular mechanism by which metabolic disorders contribute to tumor development. We applied proteomic and ...
Naito Takako T Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113-8519, - - 2013
Autophagy is a highly inducible intracellular degradation process. It is generally induced by nutrient starvation and suppressed by food intake. Mammalian (or mechanistic) target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is considered to be the major regulator of autophagy, but the precise mechanism of in vivo regulation remains to be fully ...
Holecek Milan - - 2013
The rationale for recommendation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA; valine, leucine, and isoleucine) in treatment of liver failure is based on their unique pharmacologic properties, stimulatory effect on ammonia detoxification to glutamine (GLN), and decreased concentrations in liver cirrhosis. Multiple lines of evidence have shown that the main cause of ...
Kwak Hyun Jung - - 2013
A series of benzimidazole derivatives with a phenylcyclohexyl acetic acid group as DGAT-1 inhibitors was developed. Among the benzimidazole series, compound 5k showed submicromolar in vitro activity toward human and mouse DGAT-1, good selectivity toward DGAT-2, human liver metabolic stability, and pharmacokinetic (PK) and safety profiles such as hERG, CYP ...
Chang Jia-Jen - - 2013
Mulberry (Morus alba L.) has been considered to possess different benefits such as protecting liver, improving fever, urine excretion disorder, hypertension and diabetic syndrome, and preventing cardiovascular diseases. Recently, mounting evidences have shown that mulberry anthocyanins extracts (MAE) is beneficial to hyperlipidemia; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study ...
Sato K - - 2013
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) which is characterized by acute massive liver necrosis in the absence of chronic liver disease, shows an imbalance of amino acid levels resulting from acute hepatocyte necrosis. We investigated plasma free amino acid profiles among FHF patients. This retrospective review of 25 patients investigated laboratory profiles ...
Teoh Chaiw-Yee - - 2013
The present study aimed to investigate the potential role of dietary petroselinic acid (PSA) in enhancing the n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) content in fish tissues. Three isolipidic casein-based diets were formulated to comprise graded levels of PSA (0, 10 or 20% of total fatty acid) with the ...
Fernández-Fígares I - - 2013
A three-day assay was developed to evaluate the effect of autoclaving on protein quality of vetch as an alternative to classical growth methods. Male chickens (n = 10/diet) were given approximately isonitrogenous diets based on raw or autoclaved vetch for 3 days. Samples of plasma, muscle and liver were obtained for free amino ...
Janczyk Wojciech - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a liver manifestation of metabolic syndrome since obesity and insulin resistance are the main pathogenic contributors for both conditions. NAFLD carries increased risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. There is an urgent need to find effective and safe therapy for children and adults ...
Yang Tao T Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 528 Zhangheng Road, Shanghai 201203, - - 2013
Fuzheng Huayu recipe (FZHY) was formulated on the basis of Chinese medicine theory in treating liver fibrosis. It has a significant efficacy against liver fibrosis caused by chronic hepatitis B, with the action mechanisms of inhibition of hepatic stellate cell activation, protection of hepatocyte oxidative injury and regulations of hepatic ...
Kojima Seiichiro - - 2013
The patient, a 69-year-old man, had a chief complaint of hepatomegaly. The liver was palpated four fingerbreadths below the costal margin, and the spleen was three fingerbreadths below the costal margin. There were no other abnormal findings. Laparoscopy showed that the liver resembled an orange-yellow crayon in appearance and was ...
Stocks S E - - 2013
We previously showed that propionic acid was more hypophagic than acetic acid when infused intraruminally in cows in the postpartum period and that the degree of hypophagia from short-term propionic acid infusion (18 h) was related to the acetyl coenzyme A (CoA) concentration in the liver. The objective of this ...
De Sousa-Coelho Ana Luísa AL Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, - - 2013
Lipogenic gene expression in liver is repressed in mice upon leucine deprivation. The hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), which is critical to the adaptive metabolic response to starvation, is also induced under amino acid deprivation. Upon leucine deprivation, we found that FGF21 is needed to repress expression of lipogenic ...
Böhm Therese - - 2013
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Obesity and hepatic steatosis are frequently associated with the development of a non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The mechanisms driving progression of a non-inflamed steatosis to NASH are largely unknown. Here, we investigated whether ingestion of peroxidized lipids, as being present in Western style diet, triggers the development of hepatic inflammation. ...
Stephenson James A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Mediators derived from the n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) arachidonic acid oxidation have been shown to have tumour promoting effects in experimental models, while n-3 PUFAs are thought to be protective. Here we report fatty acid concentrations in hepatic colorectal metastases compared to liver tissue without tumour in humans. ...
Feng Bo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Compared with biofluids, target tissues and organs more directly reflect the pathophysiological state of a disease process. In this study, a D-galactosamine (GalN) / lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse model was constructed to investigate metabonomics of liver tissue and directly characterize metabolic changes in acute liver failure (ALF). METHODS: After pretreatment ...
Nandivada P - - 2013
Parenteral nutrition (PN) can be life saving for infants unable to adequately absorb enteral nutrients due to intestinal failure from inadequate bowel length or function. However, long-term PN carries significant morbidity and mortality, with 30 to 60% of patients developing progressive liver dysfunction. The etiology of PN-associated liver disease (PNALD) ...
Ziamajidi Nasrin - - 2013
We evaluated the effect of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) seed extract (CI) on hepatic steatosis caused by early and late stage diabetes in rats (in vivo), and induced in HepG2 cells (in vitro) by BSA-oleic acid complex (OA). Different dosages of CI (1.25, 2.5 and 5 mg/ml) were applied along ...
Hixson Stefanie M - - 2013
Camelina (Camelina sativa) oil was tested as a replacement for fish oil in diets for farmed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Camelina differs from other plant oilseeds previously used in aquaculture with high lipid (40 %), α-linolenic acid (40 %), antioxidants and low proportions of saturated fats. Dietary treatments were fed to cod ...
Ishibashi Minako - - 2013
Liver X receptors (LXRs) are oxysterol-activated nuclear receptors that are highly expressed in macrophages and regulate lipid homeostasis and inflammation. Among putative LXR target genes, lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 3 (LPCAT3) involved in the Lands cycle controls the fatty acid composition at the sn-2 position of glycerophospholipids and, therefore, the availability of ...
Martinez-Rubio Laura - - 2013
Heart and Skeletal Muscle Inflammation (HSMI) is an emerging viral disease caused by a novel Atlantic salmon reovirus (ASRV) affecting farmed fish. Primary symptoms associated with HSMI include myocardial and skeletal muscle necrosis indicating a severe inflammatory process. Recently, we applied the concept of clinical nutrition to moderate the long-term ...
Li P - - 2013
In dairy cows, ketosis is an important disease associated with negative energy balance, which leads to low blood glucose levels and high blood nonesterified fatty acid levels. The liver is the most active organ in cows for the metabolism of nonesterified fatty acids. Insulin is an anabolic hormone that plays ...
Falkard Brie B Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
The successful navigation of malaria parasites through their life cycle, which alternates between vertebrate hosts and mosquito vectors, requires a complex interplay of metabolite synthesis and salvage pathways. Using the rodent parasite Plasmodium berghei, we have explored the synthesis and scavenging pathways for lipoic acid, a short-chain fatty acid derivative ...
Zammit Victor A - - 2013
The liver regulates both glycaemia and triglyceridaemia. Hyperglycaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia are both characteristic of (pre)diabetes. Recent observations on the specialised role of DGAT2 (diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2) in catalysing the de novo synthesis of triacylglycerols from newly synthesized fatty acids and nascent diacylglycerols identifies this enzyme as the link between the ...
Bechmann Lars P - - 2013
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in industrialized countries and may proceed to steatohepatitis (NASH). Apoptosis and free fatty acid (FFA)-induced lipotoxicity are important features of NASH pathogenesis. We have shown a hepatoprotective effect of adiponectin in steatotic livers of hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients ...
Fan Weijiang - - 2013
This study was designed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of chromium picolinate (CrPic, Fig. 1) hepatoprotective activity from alloxan-induced hepatic injury. Diabetes is induced by alloxan-treatment concurrently with the hepatic injury in mice. In this study, we investigate the protective effect of CrPic treatment in hepatic injury and the signal role ...
Librán-Pérez Marta - - 2013
In a previous study we provided evidence for the presence in liver of rainbow trout of fatty acid (FA) sensing systems responding to changes in levels of oleate (long-chain fatty acid, LCFA) or octanoate (medium-chain fatty acid, MCFA). Since those effects could be attributed to an indirect effect, we have ...
Zhou Dexi - - 2013
The recent article of great interest by Mina Hamano et al. reported that adiponectin negatively correlates with alcoholic and non-alcoholic liver dysfunction; hypoadiponectinemia is a significant determinant for steatotic dysfunction for all levels of alcohol consumption.(1) Recently, other studies have also indicated the similar relationship between adiponectin and liver diease, ...
Beppu Fumiaki - - 2013
Stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase-1 (SCD1) is a rate-limiting enzyme that catalyzes the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids from saturated fatty acids. Recently, SCD1 down-regulation has been implicated in the prevention of obesity, and the improvement of insulin and leptin sensitivity. In this study, we examined the effect of fucoxanthin, a marine ...
Alhazzaa Ramez - - 2013
Metabolic responses to sub-optimal temperature deplete lipid depots, remodel membrane lipid and alter the fatty acid profile in the whole body and tissues of ectothermic vertebrates including fish. The magnitude of these changes may depend on dietary history including oil sources with different fatty acid compositions. Barramundi, Lates calcarifer (Perciformes, ...
Brown Mv - - 2013
OBJECTIVES;: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) describes a spectrum of disorders including simple steatosis, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis. With the increased prevalence of obesity, and consequently NAFLD, there is a need for novel therapeutics in this area. To facilitate this effort, we developed a cellular model of hepatic steatosis ...
Hanai Tatsunori - - 2013
AIM: Protein-energy malnutrition is frequently observed in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). Non-protein respiratory quotient (npRQ) measured by indirect calorimetry is a good marker to estimate energy malnutrition, and predicts the prognosis of patients with LC. However, measurement of npRQ is limited because of the high cost of indirect calorimetry. ...
Stamey Lanier J - - 2013
Supplementing dairy cows with n-3 fatty acid-rich feeds does not easily increase quantities in milk fat. Previous results demonstrated very long-chain n-3 fatty acids are primarily transported in the PL fraction of blood, making them largely unavailable to the mammary gland for enrichment of milk fat. Our objective was to ...
Shin Dong-Su - - 2013
Acute hepatic inflammation is regarded as a hallmark of early stage fibrosis, which can progress to extensive fibrosis and cirrhosis. Sinapic acid is a phenylpropanoid compound that is abundant in cereals, nuts, oil seeds, and berries and has been reported to exhibit a wide range of pharmacological properties. In this ...
Cui J - - 2013
Amino acid compositions of ovine muscle, ovine myofibrillar protein, ovine spleen, ovine liver, bovine blood plasma, bovine blood globulins and bovine serum albumin and the amino acid compositions and in vivo (laboratory rat) true ileal amino acid digestibilities of hydrolysates (sequential hydrolysis with Neutrase, Alcalase and Flavourzyme) of these protein ...
López-Vicario Cristina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms underlying non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are not completely elucidated. In the current study we integrated gene expression profiling of liver biopsies from NASH patients with translational studies in mouse models of steatohepatitis and pharmacological interventions in isolated hepatocytes to identify new molecular targets in NASH. DESIGN AND RESULTS: ...
Lin Lin - - 2013
Fatty acids convert to fatty acid ethanolamides which associate with lipid signalling, fat oxidation, and energy balance; however, the extent to which dietary fatty acids manipulation can impact such control processes through fatty acid ethanolamides-related mechanisms remains understudied. The objective was to examine the impact of diets containing 6% corn ...
Matsufuji Tetsuyoshi - - 2013
The discovery and optimization of a novel series of FATP1 inhibitors are described. Through the derivatization process, arylpiperazine derivatives 5k and 12a were identified as possessing potent in vitro activity against human and mouse FATP1s as well as excellent pharmacokinetic properties. In vivo evaluation of triglyceride accumulation in the liver, ...
Wang Jing - - 2013
40nm-sized boronic acid-rich protein nanoparticles composed of bovine serum albumin and poly(N-3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid) were prepared by polymerizing N-3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid in the presence of albumin. The content of boronic acid-containing poly(N-3-acrylamidophenylboronic acid) in the nanoparticles can be tuned from 80 % to 32 % at constant nanoparticle size. When used to ...
Shin Dong-Su - - 2013
Sinapic acid is a member of the phenylpropanoid family and is abundant in cereals, nuts, oil seeds, and berries. It exhibits a wide range of pharmacological properties. In this study, we investigated the hepatoprotective and antifibrotic effects of sinapic acid on dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced chronic liver injury in rats. Sinapic acid ...
Li Yu Y Department of Medicine, Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA. - - 2013
Activation of retinoic acid receptor (RAR) with all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) ameliorates glucose intolerance and insulin resistance in obese mice. The recently discovered fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a hepatocyte-derived hormone that restores glucose and lipid homeostasis in obesity-induced diabetes. However, whether hepatic RAR is linked to FGF21 in the ...
Anwar-Mohamed Anwar - - 2013
Abstract 1. Arsenic (As(III)) toxicity has received increasing attention as human exposure to arsenic is associated with pulmonary, hepatic and renal toxicities. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effect of acute As(III) treatment on pulmonary, hepatic and renal cytochrome (CYP) P450-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism. 2. Our results demonstrated that acute ...
Deguire Jason R - - 2013
Few studies have compared differences between conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in triacylglycerol (TG) and free fatty acid (FFA) form. This study assessed differences in liver incorporation, mineral mass balance, bone density, and biomarkers of bone metabolism between FFA and TG CLA diets. Rats (n=36) were fed a control (CTRL) or ...
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