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Mena Pedro - - 2014
Anthocyanins are unstable compounds prone to degradation during storage of pomegranates juices, leading to disadvantageous color changes. Blending varietal pomegranate juices could be useful not only to preserve the genuine characteristics of fresh juices but also to study different factors affecting anthocyanin stability, while maintaining to the utmost the matrix ...
Ng Lean Teik - - 2013
This study examined the changes of tocopherols (Toc), tocotrienols (T3), γ-oryzanol (GO) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) contents in germinated brown rice (GBR) of pigmented and non-pigmented cultivars under different germination conditions. Results showed that the Toc and T3 contents in GBR were significantly different between treatments in both rice cultivars. ...
Zloczewska Adrianna - - 2013
We report on the development of a nanocarbon based anode for sensing of ascorbic acid (AA). The oxidation of AA on this anode occurs at a quite low overpotential which enables the anode to be connected to a biocathode to form an ascorbic acid/O2 biofuel cell that functions as a ...
Kumari Puja - - 2013
This study was accomplished to understand the lipid and biochemical alterations resulting from different nutritional regimes of nitrate and phosphate in Ulva lactuca. The algal thalli cultured in artificial seawater showed higher carbohydrates, non-polar lipids and phosphatase activities, accompanied by degradation of polar lipids, proteins and pigments. Further, higher levels ...
García-Estévez Ignacio - - 2013
During red wine maturation in contact with oak wood, C-glucosidic ellagitannins can react with anthocyanins leading to new pigments. In this work the thermodynamic and kinetic constants of the network pH-dependent equilibrium of a new myrtillin (delphinidin 3-O-glucoside)-vescalagin hybrid pigment (1-deoxyvescalagin-(1β→8)-myrtillin) have been determined by UV-visible absorption and stopped flow ...
Telegina Taisiya A - - 2013
A model for abiotic photophosphorylation of adenosine diphosphate by orthophosphate with the formation of adenosine triphosphate was studied. The model was based on the photochemical activity of the abiogenic conjugates of pigments with the polymeric material formed after thermolysis of amino acid mixtures. The pigments formed showed different fluorescence parameters ...
Arnold Christin C Bioactive Plant Products Research Group, Institute of Nutrition, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, - - 2013
It has been shown that the functionality of the macula lutea depends on the nutritional uptake of lutein and zeaxanthin and that it is inversely associated with the risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Additionally, ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) may also be protective. To investigate the effect of ...
Wang Yonghui - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The production of pigment by Monascus has attracted increasing attentions. Modification of cell membrane structure by addition of surfactant has been proved to be effective for the secretion of intracellular metabolites. Hence, the effects and underlying mechanism of surfactants on the production of pigments in submerged fermentation of Monascus ...
Yoshikawa Kazuko - - 2013
Yellow pigments, fomitellanols A (1a) and B (2a), and drimane-type sesquiterpenoid ethers of isocitric acid, cryptoporic acids P (3) and Q (4), have been isolated from the fruiting bodies of Fomitella fraxinea (Polyporaceae). Their structures were established by a combination of extensive NMR spectroscopy and/or X-ray crystallographic analyses, and their ...
Patakova Petra - - 2012
The genus Monascus, comprising nine species, can reproduce either vegetatively with filaments and conidia or sexually by the formation of ascospores. The most well-known species of genus Monascus, namely, M. purpureus, M. ruber and M. pilosus, are often used for rice fermentation to produce red yeast rice, a special product ...
Hailei Wang - - 2012
Induction mechanism of a potential red pigment (RPc) was investigated in the present paper. A typical competition relationship exists between Penicillium sp. HSD07B and Candida tropicalis during co-culture, and C. tropicalis converts glucose into glycerol, organic acids and other substances, resulting in a stricter glucose limitation and the secretion of ...
Matsumoto Hirokazu - - 2012
Fatty acid composition is an important economic trait for both dairy and beef cattle and controlled by genetic factors. Candidate genes controlling fatty acid composition may be found in fat synthesis and metabolism pathways. Acetyl-CoA carboxylase is the flux-determining enzyme in the regulation of fatty acid synthesis in animal tissues. ...
Aldai Noelia - - 2012
Due to significant variation in polyunsaturated fatty acid biohydrogenation products in beef it would be useful to determine if levels of trans-18:1 isomers in samples collected ante-mortem are correlated with those collected post-mortem. Beef blood (RBC), subcutaneous fat (SC) and muscle (intramuscular fat; IM) samples were collected from an experiment ...
Widmer Kenneth W - - 2012
Abstract Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) is a small molecule that is involved in bacterial cell-to-cell signaling whose precursor formation is mediated by luxS. A luxS mutant of Salmonella Typhimurium PJ002 (ΔluxS) was grown in glucose-containing M-9 minimal medium supplemented with varying concentrations (1×, 10×, and 100×) of long-chain fatty acids (linoleic acid, ...
Ganesh S - - 2012
A simple spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of phosphate dissolved in soil and water. The method is based on the formation of phosphomolybdate with added ammonium molybdate followed by reduction with hydrazine in acidic medium. Orthophosphate and molybdate ions condense in acidic solution to give molybdophosphoric (phosphomolybdic) ...
Woo Patrick C Y - - 2012
The genome of P. marneffei, the most important thermal dimorphic fungus causing respiratory, skin and systemic mycosis in China and Southeast Asia, possesses 23 polyketide synthase (PKS) genes and 2 polyketide synthase nonribosomal peptide synthase hybrid (PKS-NRPS) genes, which is of high diversity compared to other thermal dimorphic pathogenic fungi. ...
Nazifi S - - 2012
This study was undertaken to evaluate acute phase response via assessing the concentration of serum sialic acids (total, lipid-bound and protein-bound), inflammatory mediators (IFN-γ and TNF-α) and acute phase proteins [haptoglobin (Hp) and serum amyloid A (SAA)] in lame cattle with interdigital dermatitis. Fifteen hoof scrapings from lame cows were ...
Dai Shipan - - 2012
Francisella tularensis is a remarkably infectious facultative intracellular pathogen that causes the zoonotic disease tularemia. Essential to the pathogenesis of F. tularensis is its ability to escape the destructive phagosomal environment and inhibit the host cell respiratory burst. F. tularensis subspecies encode a series of acid phosphatases, which have been ...
Burstein Sumner - - 2012
Several N-linked amino acid-linoleic acid conjugates were studied for their potential as anti inflammatory agents. The parent molecule, N-linoleoylglycine was tested in an in vivo model, the mouse peritonitis assay where it showed activity in reducing leukocyte migration at doses as low as 0.3mg/kg when administered by mouth in safflower ...
Pallarès Victor - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Macrophages play an important role in immunogenic challenges and can aggravate and propagate local inflammation. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and activator protein 1 pathways can regulate these inflammatory processes by modulating expression of proinflammatory genes. Bioactive molecules present in food, such as procyanidins and polyunsaturated fatty acids, possess antiinflammatory ...
Karaca T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicines and health supplements have historically been used to treat many illnesses but most of them have not been evaluated objectively to prove their efficacy. We have been investigating the effects of royal jelly (RJ) supplements on acetic acid-induced colitis on the distribution of CD3(+), CD5(+), CD45(+) T-cell ...
Cai Tian-Ge - - 2011
Two new triterpenes, 29-hydroxydehydrotumulosic acid (1) and 29-hydroxydehydropachymic acid (2), together with six known compounds, dehydropachymic acid (3), dehydrotumulosic acid (4), 29-hydroxypolyporenic acid C (5), polyporenic acid C (6), tumulosic acid (7), and pachymic acid (8), were isolated from the dried sclerotia of Poria cocos. In the in vitro bioassays, ...
Yang Rong - - 2011
Lipid mediators derived from essential fatty acids, such as arachidonic acid, play important roles in physiologic and pathophysiologic processes. Prostaglandins, thromboxane, and leukotrienes are well-known eicosanoids that play critical roles in hemodynamics and inflammation. New families of mediators were recently uncovered that constitute a new genus stimulating resolution of acute ...
Hwang Ji Sang - - 2011
The activity-guided fractionation of the MeOH extract of the rhizomes and roots of Nardostachys chinensis led to the isolation of two new sesquiterpenoids, narchinol B (8) and narchinol C (9), along with 10 known compounds, ursolic acid (1), nardosinone (2), pinoresinol (3), desoxo-narchinol A (4), kanshone B (5), epoxyconiferyl alcohol ...
Strelko Cheryl L - - 2011
Itaconic acid (ITA), or methylenesuccinic acid, is not generally classified as a mammalian metabolite. Using NMR-based metabolomics and (13)C-labeling, we have detected ITA in both macrophage-like VM-M3 and RAW 264.7 tumor cell lines as well as stimulated and unstimulated primary murine macrophages. Macrophage activation by addition of lipopolysaccharide and IFN-γ ...
Bowden John A - - 2011
Cholesteryl esters (CE) are important lipid storage molecules. The present study demonstrates that sodiated adducts of CE molecular species form positive ions that can be detected in both survey scan mode as well as by exploiting class-specific fragmentation in MS/MS scan modes. A common neutral loss for CE is the ...
Dillard Alice - - 2011
Dietary fatty acid type alters atherosclerotic lesion progression and macrophage lipid accumulation. Incompletely elucidated are the mechanisms by which fatty acids differing in double-bond geometric or positional configuration alter arterial lipid accumulation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of using Tamm-Horsfall protein 1 (THP-1) macrophages as ...
Genovese Salvatore - - 2011
Oxyprenylated naturally occurring cinnamic acids displayed efficient and promising biological activities. Aim of this study was to characterize the effects of 3-(4'-geranyl-3'-methoxy)phenyl-2-trans propenoic acid and its selected semi-synthetic analogues, on COX-2 expression and activity, and on COX-1 activity, in purified systems or in whole cell systems. The anti-inflammatory activity of ...
Umeda Hideyuki - - 2011
The development of atherosclerotic lesions and abdominal aortic aneurysms involves degradation and loss of extracellular matrix components, such as collagen and elastin. Releases of the elastin cross-links desmosine (DES) and isodesmosine (IDE) may reflect elastin degradation in cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated the production of soluble elastin cross-linking structures by ...
Huang Yung-Sheng - - 2011
Eicosadienoic acid (Δ11,14-20:2; EDA) is a rare, naturally occurring n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) found mainly in animal tissues. EDA is elongated from linoleic acid (LA), and can also be metabolized to dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA), arachidonic acid (AA), and sciadonic acid (Δ5,11,14-20:3; SCA). Although, the metabolism of EDA has been ...
Daniel Jaiyanth - - 2011
Two billion people are latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Mtb-infected macrophages are likely to be sequestered inside the hypoxic environments of the granuloma and differentiate into lipid-loaded macrophages that contain triacylglycerol (TAG)-filled lipid droplets which may provide a fatty acid-rich host environment for Mtb. We report here that human ...
Dickman Kathleen G - - 2011
Consumption of herbal medicines derived from Aristolochia plants is associated with a progressive tubulointerstitial disease known as aristolochic acid (AA) nephropathy. The nephrotoxin produced naturally by these plants is AA-I, a nitrophenanthrene carboxylic acid that selectively targets the proximal tubule. This nephron segment is prone to toxic injury because of ...
Pautler Brent G - - 2011
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is ubiquitous in aquatic ecosystems and is derived from various inputs that control its turnover. Glaciers and ice sheets are the second largest water reservoir in the global hydrologic cycle, but little is known about glacial DOM composition or contributions to biogeochemical cycling. Here we employ ...
Kelebek Hasim - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Orange flavour is the results of a natural combination of volatile compounds in a well-balanced system including sugars, acids and phenolic compounds. This paper reports the results of the first determination of aroma, organic acids, sugars, and phenolic components in Dortyol yerli orange juices. RESULTS: A total of 58 ...
Liu Hongzhi - - 2011
A series of difunctionalized monosubstituted octasilsesquioxanes have been synthesized that bear ester, amino acid, alcohol, haloalkyl, or azido functional groups. These units are suitable nanobuilding blocks for the preparation of new organic-inorganic hybrid materials.
Rose Marcus - - 2011
A bifunctional imidazolium linker was used for the production of highly crosslinked element organic frameworks by Suzuki-coupling with tetrafunctional boronic acids. The resulting porous materials are good heterogeneous organocatalysts in the N-heterocyclic carbene-catalyzed conjugated umpolung of α,β-unsaturated cinnamaldehyde.
Liggio John - - 2011
The neutralization of acidic aerosols by ammonia has been studied through experiments which combine ambient air with laboratory generated sulfuric acid aerosol. Results indicated that acidic aerosol mixed with organic free air and ammonia was neutralized on a time scale <1 min, consistent with expectations. However, in the presence of ...
Rao Pinhua - - 2011
Magnetic cationic hydrogel (MCH) was synthesized, and its removal efficiency and mechanisms in regard to natural organic matter (NOM, represented by humic acid and fulvic acid) from the aqueous environment were studied. The effects of time, adsorbent dosage, initial pH, ionic strength, background ions, and NOM types were also investigated. ...
Pizzarello Sandra - - 2011
Carbonaceous chondrites are asteroidal meteorites that contain abundant organic materials. Given that meteorites and comets have reached the Earth since it formed, it has been proposed that the exogenous influx from these bodies provided the organic inventories necessary for the emergence of life. The carbonaceous meteorites of the Renazzo-type family ...
Bajda Tomasz - - 2011
Due to its relatively low solubility, mimetite Pb(5)(AsO(4))(3)Cl may control Pb and As(V) solution levels at a low value in contaminated soils. The time-dependent dissolution of mimetite by low-molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) such as acetic, lactic, citric, and ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) was determined. At pH 3.5, the presence ...
Alves Marta - - 2011
We analysed the changes in the metabolites of Lupinus albus organs (leaf-blades, petioles, apexes, hypocotyls and roots) as a consequence of B deficiency. The deficiency did not affect malate concentration and induced only minor changes in the sugars content, suggesting that the carbohydrate metabolism is little affected by the deficiency. ...
Scervino J M - - 2011
Aims:  To study phosphate solubilization in Penicillium purpurogenum as function of medium pH, and carbon and nitrogen concentration. Methods and Results:  Tricalcium phosphate (CP) solubilization efficiency of Penicillium purpurogenum, was evaluated at acid or alkaline pH using different C and N sources. Glucose- and (NH(4) )(2) SO(4) -based media showed ...
Huang Rong - - 2011
A study was conducted to identify volatile organic compounds or volatiles produced by Candida intermedia strain C410 using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and to determine efficacy of the volatiles of C. intermedia in suppression of conidial germination and mycelial growth of Botrytis cinerea and control of botrytis fruit rot of strawberry. ...
Russell Lynn M - - 2011
Measurements of submicron particles by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in 14 campaigns in North America, Asia, South America, and Europe were used to identify characteristic organic functional group compositions of fuel combustion, terrestrial vegetation, and ocean bubble bursting sources, each of which often accounts for more than a third of ...
Zuchowski Jerzy - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Organic crops are often thought to contain more phenolic secondary metabolites than conventional ones. This study evaluated the influence of organic and conventional farming on concentrations of phenolic acids in spring and winter wheat cultivars. RESULTS: Five phenolic acids were identified: ferulic, sinapic, p-coumaric, vanillic and p-hydroxybenzoic acid. Ferulic ...
Lin Hung-Hsiang - - 2011
One-pot synthesis of spherical silver nanoparticles with excellent monodispersity in organic medium is presented in this account. Thermal decomposition of organometallic precursor, (hfac)Ag(PMe3) in the presence of oleic acid and oleylamine in o-xylene provides monodispersed silver nanospheres with the average diameters ranging from 15 to 18 nm and the deviations ...
Nishiguchi Noriaki - - 2011
The solid-state chiral optical properties of a 4-(2-arylethynyl)-benzoic acid/amine supramolecular organic fluorophore can be controlled by changing the arylethynyl group of the achiral 4-(2-arylethynyl)-benzoic acid component molecule rather than the chirality of the amine component molecule.
Wajner Moacir - - 2011
Organic acidurias or organic acidemias constitute a group of inherited disorders caused by deficient activity of specific enzymes of amino acids, carbohydrates or lipids catabolism, leading to large accumulation and excretion of one or more carboxylic (organic) acids. Affected patients usually present neurologic symptoms and abnormalities, sometimes accompanied by cardiac ...
Vítek P - - 2011
Recently, portable Raman instrumentation has been in demand for geosciences and for future planetary exploration for the identification of both organic and inorganic compounds in situ on Earth and on other planetary bodies, especially on Mars. Here we present the results of the analysis of halite/β-carotene and halite/mellitic acid mixtures, ...
Sagong Hun-Gu - - 2011
This study was performed to compare the effectiveness of individual treatments (ultrasound and organic acids) and their combination on reducing foodborne pathogens on organic fresh lettuce. Lettuce leaves were inoculated with a cocktail of three strains each of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes and treated with ultrasound ...
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