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Domosławska A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of the occurrence of lip and/or palate cleft (CL/CP) in new-borns of two breeds, Pugs and Chihuahuas, and to measure the folic acid blood levels in bitches during gestations both with and without folic acid oral supplementation. Bitches of 13 ...
Ishida Yuko - - 2013
Blowflies are economic pests of the wool industry and potential vectors for epidemics. The establishment of a pesticide-free, environmentally friendly blowfly control strategy is necessary. Blowflies must feed on meat in order to initiate the cascade of events that are involved in reproduction including juvenile hormone synthesis, vitellogenesis, and mating. ...
Aysan Erhan - - 2013
Objective. The effect of oral boric acid intake on reducing body weight has been previously demonstrated although the mechanism has been unclear. This research study reveals the mechanism. Subjects. Twelve mice were used, in groups of six each in the control and study groups. For five days, control group mice ...
Yang Rui - - 2013
Oleanolic acid is a poorly water-soluble drug with low oral bioavailability. A self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS) has been developed to enhance the solubility and oral bioavailability of oleanolic acid. The formulation design was optimized by solubility assay, compatibility tests, and pseudoternary phase diagrams. The morphology, droplet size distribution, zeta ...
Oleñik Andrea - - 2013
Dysfunction of the meibomian gland (MG) is among the most frequent causes of ophthalmological symptoms. The inflammation seen in meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is part of its pathogenesis, and evidence of the antioxidant-inflammatory properties of omega-3 fatty acids suggests this to be an appropriate treatment for MGD. We aimed to ...
Costa Adilson - - 2013
Background. Acne is a dermatosis that involves an altered sebum pattern. Objectives. (1) To evaluate if a treatment based on antibiotics (lymecycline) can alter fatty acids contents of the sebum of patients with acne; (2) to evaluate if oral supplementation of fatty acids can interfere with fatty acids contents of ...
Jansen Patrick A M - - 2012
Vanins are enzymes with pantetheinase activity and are presumed to play a role in recycling of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) from pantetheine. Pantothenic acid is an essential nutrient required to synthesize coenzyme A, a cofactor involved in many biological processes such as fatty acid synthesis and oxidation of pyruvate to ...
Kulkarni Bhushan - - 2012
Gustatory fatty acid signaling termed "fatty acid taste" is initiated when nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) bind to putative fat receptors on taste receptor cells. However, the source and quantity of NEFA in the oral cavity of humans are unresolved. Dietary fat is comprised predominantly of triacylglycerol, and human lingual lipase ...
Chang Tsui-Ling - - 2012
Abstract To look for oral proteasome inhibitors, the daily food is best source for cancer chemoprevention. A combination of active components from vegetables, coffee, tea, and fruit could be more efficient to inhibit 26S proteasome activities for preventing cancer diseases. Tannic acid and quercetin have been shown to strongly inhibit ...
Papetti Adele - - 2013
The low molecular mass (LMM) extract of Cichorium intybus var. silvestre (red chicory) has been shown to inhibit virulence-linked properties of oral pathogens including Streptococcus mutans, Actinomyces naeslundii and Prevotella intermedia. In the present study HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS(2) was used to investigate the compounds contained in this extract for their anti-virulence activity. ...
Abraham Klaus - - 2012
In order to quantify the relative oral bioavailability of 3-chloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) from 3-MCPD fatty acid diesters in vivo, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-3-chloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD diester) and 3-MCPD were orally applied to rats in equimolar doses. In both cases, the time courses of 3-MCPD concentrations were measured in blood, various organs, tissues and intestinal luminal ...
Bozzetti Federico - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: International guidelines are quite vague regarding the optimal doses of amino acid to administer to cancer patients and standard practice appears not to be supported by specific investigations. The purpose of this study is to determine from the literature whether there are some correlates among amino acid ...
Zhao Lei - - 2012
Bisphosphonate drugs are well known to inhibit osteoclastic activity and have been proposed for the management of bone diseases, including periodontitis which is associated with alveolar bone destruction. In this study, we evaluated the effects of four arylsulfonamide bisphosphonates on growth of the periodontopathogenic bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis as well as ...
Ouyang Zhen - - 2012
Nao-De-Sheng decoction (NDS), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription containing Radix puerariae lobatae, Floscarthami, Radix et Rhizoma Notoginseng, Rhizoma chuanxiong and Fructus crataegi, is effective in the treatment of cerebral arteriosclerosis, ischemic cerebral stroke and apoplexy linger effect. Ferulic acid and puerarin are the main absorbed effective ingredients of NDS. ...
Hüsch Jan - - 2012
Boswellia serrata gum resin extracts are used widely for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. However, very low concentrations in the plasma and brain were observed for the boswellic acids (1-6, the active constituents of B. serrata). The present study investigated the effect of phospholipids alone and in combination with common ...
De Biase Daniela - - 2012
For successful colonization of the mammalian host, orally acquired bacteria must overcome the extreme acidic stress (pH < 2.5) encountered during transit through the host stomach. The glutamate-dependent acid resistance (GDAR) system is by far the most potent acid resistance system in commensal and pathogenic Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, Listeria monocytogenes and ...
Nya-Ngatchou Jean-Jacques JJ Departments of Medicine, Center for Research in Reproduction and Contraception, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2013
A non-hormonal male contraceptive is a contraceptive that does not involve the administration of hormones or hormone blockers. This review will focus on the use of lonidamine derivatives and inhibitors of retinoic acid biosynthesis and function as approaches to male non-hormonal contraception. Two current lonidamine derivatives, adjudin and H2-gamendazole, are ...
Busetto Gian Maria - - 2012
To evaluate with an open-label study the efficacy and safety of a complex of nutritional supplements with antioxidant activity (L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine, fructose, citric acid, selenium, coenzyme Q10, zinc, ascorbic acid, cyanocobalamin, folic acid) in primary infertile patients with idiopathic astenoteratozoospermia. The study was conducted in a population of 114 infertile ...
Javanbakht Amir Majdaldin Amir - - 2012
Objective: Acne vulgaris is one of the most common skin disorders, and oral isotretinoin has widely been used as a treatment for severe and resistant cases in recent years. This article considers the controversy over systemic isotretinoin's effect on the serum level of folic acid and its implications for health. ...
Occhialini Alessandra - - 2012
Background. Genome analysis indicated that the new species Brucella microti possesses a potentially functional glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) system involved in extreme acid resistance in several food-borne bacteria. The contribution of this system in adaptation of B. microti to acid environment, including the intracellular vacuole and stomach, was investigated.Results. B. microti was GAD-positive ...
Osaki Tomohiro - - 2012
D-Glucosamine hydrochloride (GlcN∙HCl) is an endogenous amino monosaccharide synthesized from glucose that is useful in the treatment of joint diseases in both humans and animals. The aim of this study was to examine amino acid metabolism in dogs after oral administration of GlcN∙HCl. Accelerated fumarate respiration and elevated plasma levels ...
Rout P K PK CSIR- Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow-226 015, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Simarouba glauca DC is a tree of the family Simaroubaceae, which grows well up to 1,000 m above sea level in all types of well-drained soils (pH 5.5 to 8.0) and in places with 250 to 2,500 mm annual rainfall. The seed oil has been extracted both by mechanical expelling and solvent extraction. ...
Teległów Aneta - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of a single session of maximal exercise performed in water (4°C or 25°C) on blood rheological properties and the composition of fatty acids in the erythrocyte membranes of laboratory rats. This study will permit better understanding of the reactions occurring ...
Reddy Indira - - 2012
Oral cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide and it is the eighth most common cause of cancer death. Cancer cells utilize more glucose and amino acids than their benign counterparts. Diagnosis of disease via the analysis of saliva is potentially valuable, as the collection of fluid is associated ...
Lykkesfeldt Jens - - 2012
Ascorbate and dehydroascorbic acid are frequently used as biomarkers of oxidative stress, but their lack of stability ex vivo and rapid postsampling interconversion continue to result in erroneous reference values. One problem is the large variety of vacutainer devices used for blood sampling purposes and the basic question of plasma ...
Nakano Yuka - - 2012
We propose a theoretical novel homodimer model of the β- adrenergic receptor (βAR) in complex with a heterogeneous mixture of free fatty acids (FFAs) and cholesterol based on first-principles calculations. We used the density-functional-based tight binding with dispersion (DFTB-D) method, which accurately evaluates van der Waals interactions between FFAs and ...
Takahashi Miki - - 2012
We assessed anti-C. albicans activities of the 4 fatty acids : caproic acid, caprylic acid, capric acid and lauric acid in vitro. All four inhibited not only the mycelial but also the yeast-form growth of Candida albicans. In particular, capric acid and caprylic acid inhibited Candida mycelia growth at very ...
Leminen Henri - - 2012
Tranexamic acid has proven to be an effective treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). It reduces menstrual blood loss (MBL) by 26%-60% and is significantly more effective than placebo, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, oral cyclical luteal phase progestins, or oral etamsylate, while the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system reduces MBL more than tranexamic ...
Wempe Michael F - - 2012
Human uric acid transporter 1 (hURAT1; SLC22A12) is a very important urate anion exchanger. Elevated urate levels are known to play a pivotal role in cardiovascular diseases, chronic renal disease, diabetes, and hypertension. Therefore, the development of potent uric acid transport inhibitors may lead to novel therapeutic agents to combat ...
Elshaer Amr A Aston Pharmacy School, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK. - - 2012
Trimethoprim (TMP) is a dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitor which prevents the conversion of dihydrofolic acid into tetrahydrofolic acid, resulting in the depletion of the latter and leading to bacterial death. Oral bioavailability of TMP is hindered by both its low solubility and low permeability. This study aims to prepare novel ...
Steer Colin D CD Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Barley House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK. - - 2012
Minor alleles of polymorphisms in the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene cluster have been associated with reduced desaturation of the precursor polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) in small studies. The effects of these polymorphisms during progressive developmental stages have not previously been reported. Data from blood samples for 4342 pregnant women, ...
Orestes Michael I - - 2011
To investigate the efficacy of various topical applications in opening a clotted tympanostomy tube (TT) using an in vitro model. In vitro clinical trial. Fresh human blood was allowed to clot in the lumen of TTs. Seven agents were tested: 0.9% saline (control), 1-mg/mL alteplase, 100-U/mL unfractionated heparin, 3% hydrogen ...
Palani Anandan A Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Biology, and Department of Drug Metabolism & Pharmacokinetics, Merck Research Laboratories , 2015 Galloping Hill Road, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, United - - 2012
Structure-guided optimization of a series of C-5 alkyl substituents led to the discovery of a potent nicotinic acid receptor agonist SCH 900271 (33) with an EC50 of 2 nM in the hu-GPR109a assay. Compound 33 demonstrated good oral bioavailability in all species. Compound 33 exhibited dose-dependent inhibition of plasma free ...
Krul E S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized, controlled, parallel group study was to characterize the relationships between dosages of stearidonic acid (SDA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and incorporation of EPA into red blood cell (RBC) membranes over time. METHODS: Healthy subjects (n=131) received capsules with placebo (safflower oil), SDA (0.43, 1.3, ...
Alabaster Amy A Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, United - - 2011
To better understand the mechanism of de novo lipid biosynthesis in blood fed Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, we quantitated acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase 1 (FAS1) transcript levels in blood fed mosquitoes, and used RNAi methods to generate ACC and FAS1 deficient mosquitoes. Using the ketogenic amino acid (14)C-leucine ...
Vinauger Clément - - 2011
After having demonstrated that blood-sucking bugs are able to associate a behaviourally neutral odour (l-lactic acid) with positive reinforcement (i.e. appetitive conditioning) in the first part of this study, we tested whether these insects were also able to associate the same odour with a negative reinforcement (i.e. aversive conditioning). Learned ...
Seager Ishla - - 2012
Here we present new sequence data from HIV-1 subtype C-infected long-term survivors (LTS) from Karonga District, Malawi. Gag and env sequence data were produced from nine individuals each of whom has been HIV-1 positive for more than 20 years. We show that the three amino acid deletion in gag p17 ...
Movafegh Ali - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of intravenous tranexamic acid on blood loss during and after cesarean delivery. METHODS: One hundred pregnant women were randomized to receive either 10mg/kg of tranexamic acid or placebo intravenously 20minutes before incision in a double-blind controlled study. Postplacental delivery blood loss, postoperative hemorrhage 2hours after ...
Gordon Bell J - - 2011
It is well accepted that n-3 long-chain PUFA intake is positively associated with a range of health benefits. However, while benefits have been clearly shown, especially for CVD, the mechanisms for prevention/benefit are less understood. Analysis of plasma and erythrocyte phospholipids (PL) have been used to measure the status of ...
Seifi B - - 2011
Uric acid is considered as an antioxidant in the blood. Despite its proposed protective properties, elevated plasma uric acid has been associated with hypertension in a variety of disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the increase of arterial blood pressure and the changes in ...
Cota Betania Barros - - 2011
An investigation of the ethanolic extract from stems of Caesalpinia echinata Lam (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae) led to the isolation of five new cassane diterpenes along with known lambertianic acid. Their structures were determined based on spectroscopic methods. A preliminary study on leishmanicidal activity demonstrated that compounds 1, 2 and 6 were found ...
Schwarzenbach Heidi - - 2011
DNA, mRNA and microRNA are released and circulate in the blood of cancer patients. Changes in the levels of circulating nucleic acids have been associated with tumour burden and malignant progression. In the past decade a wealth of information indicating the potential use of circulating nucleic acids for cancer screening, ...
Morita M - - 2011
Peroxisomes are involved in a variety of metabolic processes, including β-oxidation of fatty acids, especially very long chain fatty acids. Three peroxisomal ABC proteins belonging to subfamily D have been identified in mammalian peroxisomes that have an important role in fatty acid metabolism. ABCD1/ALDP and ABCD2/ALDRP are suggested to be ...
Gao Su - - 2011
Hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism is involved in CNS controls of feeding and energy balance. Malonyl-CoA, an intermediate of fatty acid biosynthesis, is emerging as a significant player in these processes. Notably, hypothalamic malonyl-CoA has been implicated in leptin's feeding effect. Leptin treatment increases malonyl-CoA level in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus ...
Okpala Iheanyi - - 2011
Okpala I, Ibegbulam O, Duru A, Ocheni S, Emodi I, Ikefuna A, Umar G, Asinobi I, Madu A, Okoye A, Nwagha T, Oguonu U, Uamai I, Agwu O, Nonyelu C, Anike U, Agu K, Anigbo C, Chukwura A, Ugwu O, Herrada S. Pilot study of omega-3 fatty acid supplements in ...
Nardou Romain - - 2011
Phenobarbital produces its anti-epileptic actions by increasing the inhibitory drive of γ-aminobutyric acid. However, following recurrent seizures, γ-aminobutyric acid excites neurons because of a persistent increase of chloride raising the important issue of whether phenobarbital could aggravate persistent seizures. Here we compared the actions of phenobarbital on initial and established ...
Liu Jie J College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Key Laboratory of Storage and Processing of Fruits and Vegetables, Ministry of Agriculture, Engineering Research Centre for Fruits and Vegetables Processing, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100083, China; College of Food Science and Technology, Henan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan, - - 2011
The reaction between acrylamide and glycine was studied in the aqueous model system heated at 150°C. The main reaction products were identified as C5H10N2O3, C8H15N3O4, C7H12N2O5 and C10H17N3O6 using HPLC-MS/MS, IT-TOF and NMR. Both of the critical intermediates were identified as glyoxylic acid and iminodiacetic acid. The pathways for the ...
Mahmoudabadi Mohammad Mehdi Shakouri - - 2011
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is the principal ω-3 fatty acids in marine oils. Fasting blood sugar (FBS), HbA1c and some of the plasma lipids and lipoproteins has been negatively related to the intake of ω-3 fatty acids and ascorbic acid, in some studies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ...
Oh Sungwhan F SF Center for Experimental Therapeutics and Reperfusion Injury, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115-5727, - - 2011
E-series resolvins are antiinflammatory and pro-resolving lipid mediators derived from the ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) that actively clear inflammation to promote tissue homeostasis. Aspirin, in addition to exerting antithrombotic actions, also triggers the biosynthesis of these specialized pro-resolving mediators. Here, we used metabolomic profiling to investigate the ...
Geoffrey Onyemelukwe - - 2011
Vibro cholera neuraminidase is known to cleave sialic acid in the gut to expose receptors for cholera enterotoxin. This study determined if cholera neuraminidase crosses significantly into the circulation of patients with cholera to cause cleavage of sialic acid on circulating blood cells. Systemic cholera neuraminidase activity was determined by ...
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