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Zhao Yan Y Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Natural Products and Functional Food, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang 330047, China Engineering Research Center of Biomass Conversion, Ministry of Education, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, - - 2014
In this paper, the physicochemical and nutritional characteristics of preserved duck egg white were analyzed and compared with fresh egg and hard-cooked egg white (n = 3). The data obtained showed that the preserved egg white was rich in essential amino acids and minerals, such as Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, ...
Spivak Anna Yu AY Institute of Petrochemistry and Catalysis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 141 prosp. Oktyabrya, 450075 Ufa, Russian - - 2014
We studied the antischistosomal activity of betulin, betulinic acid and its 9 triphenylphosphonium derivatives characterized by a covalently linkage of the hydrophobic fragment of triterpenoid at C(2)- or C(30)-position with the triphenylphosphonium moiety via a hydrocarbon bridge. The triphenylphosphonium salts showed in vitro antischistosomal activity against newly transformed schistosomula (NTS) ...
Morrison Peter W J PW School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, Whiteknights, P.O. Box 224, Reading RG6 6AD, United - - 2014
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, ethylenediamine-N,N'-disuccinic acid and ethylene glycol-bis(2-aminoethylether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid are polyaminocarboxylic acids that are able to sequester metal ions. Calcium is implicated in maintenance of intercellular matrix, zonula occludens (tight junctions) and zonula adherens of epithelium and endothelium cells. Corneal epithelium is impervious to many aqueous formulations due to it being ...
Martins Mônica C B MC Departamento de Bioquímica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Pernambuco, - - 2014
In Brazil, the snail Biomphalaria glabrata is the most important vector of schistosomiasis due to its wide geographical distribution, high infection rate and efficient disease transmission. Among the methods of schistosomiasis control, the World Health Organization recommends the use of synthetic molluscicides, such as niclosamide. However, different substances of natural ...
Gharaibeh Almutez - - 2013
Traumatic hyphema is the entry of blood into the anterior chamber (the space between the cornea and iris) subsequent to a blow or a projectile striking the eye. Hyphema uncommonly causes permanent loss of vision. Associated trauma (e.g. corneal staining, traumatic cataract, angle recession glaucoma, optic atrophy, etc.) may seriously ...
Shimada Takashi L - - 2013
Oil bodies are intracellular structures present in the seed and leaf cells of many land plants. Seed oil bodies are known to function as storage compartments for lipids. However, the physiological function of leaf oil bodies is unknown. Here we show that leaf oil bodies function as subcellular factories for ...
Tchedre Kissaou - - 2013
The purpose of this study was first to evaluate the effect of multipurpose contact lens care solutions (MPSs) on the expression of membrane-associated mucins (MUC1 and MUC16) in SV40-transformed human corneal epithelial (HCE-T) cells and in vivo rat cornea. The second aim of this study was to determine the role ...
Zheng Ruijin R Pharmacology & Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, - - 2013
The cornea is highly sensitive to oxidative stress, a process that can lead to lipid peroxidation. Ultraviolet light B (UVB) and nitrogen mustard (mechlorethamine) are corneal toxicants known to induce oxidative stress. Using a rabbit air-lifted corneal organ culture model, the oxidative stress responses to these toxicants in the corneal ...
Han Yu-Lin - - 2013
The effect of citric acid (CA) and ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) on the growth, anatomical structure, physiological responses and lead (Pb) accumulation of Iris lactea var. chinensis seedling growing in Pb mine tailings for 30 days were studied. Results showed that the dry weights (DW) of roots decreased significantly under ...
Njie-Mbye Ya Fatou YF Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Texas Southern University Houston, TX, - - 2013
Oxygen-derived free radicals such as hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl species have been shown to oxidize phospholipids and other membrane lipid components leading to lipid peroxidation. In the eye, lipid peroxidation has been reported to play an important role in degenerative ocular diseases (age-related macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy). Indeed, ocular ...
van Doorn Wouter G - - 2012
Flower opening in Iris (Iris×hollandica) requires elongation of the pedicel and ovary. This moves the floral bud upwards, thereby allowing the tepals to move laterally. Flower opening is requires with elongation of the pedicel and ovary. In cv. Blue Magic, we investigated the possible role of hormones other than ethylene ...
van Doorn Wouter G - - 2012
It is not known whether tepal senescence in Iris flowers is regulated by hormones. We applied hormones and hormone inhibitors to cut flowers and isolated tepals of Iris × hollandica cv. Blue Magic. Treatments with ethylene or ethylene antagonists indicated lack of ethylene involvement. Auxins or auxin inhibitors also did ...
Reddy Leleti Rajender - - 2012
A versatile and highly enantioselective chiral Brønsted acid-catalyzed allenylation of aldehydes with propargyl borolane is reported. The reaction is shown to be practical and quite general with a broad substrate scope covering aryl, heteroaryl, α,β-unsaturated, and aliphatic aldehydes.
Burnett Christina L - - 2012
Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) and related amidopropyl betaines are zwitterions used mainly as surfactants in cosmetics. These cosmetic ingredients are similar in their chemistry, in particular with respect to the presence of 3,3-dimethylamino-propylamine (DMAPA) and fatty acid amidopropyl dimethylamine (amidoamine) impurities, which are known as sensitizers. The CIR Expert Panel concluded ...
Heldreth Bart - - 2012
Alkyl acetates, as well as acetic acid and acetate salts, are widely used cosmetic ingredients, with a wide range of functions as fragrances, solvents, or skin-conditioning agents, depending on the specific ingredient. Available data on alkyl acetates, and acetic acid and the alcohol to which they could be metabolized, were ...
Hrometz Sandra L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To review the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety profile of an oral modified-release (MR) formulation of tranexamic acid.DATA SOURCES:Literature was accessed through MEDLINE (1966-July 2012), Iowa Drug Information Service (1997-July 2012), and bibliographies of pertinent articles. Search terms included tranexamic acid, Lysteda, menorrhagia, menstrual blood loss, and heavy menstrual bleeding.STUDY ...
Yang Lei - - 2012
Acid test: With a Brønsted acid as the solvent, the rhodium-catalyzed direct addition of aryl CH bonds to α,β-unsaturated ketones was realized under mild reaction conditions. The acid may assist by interceding in the conflict of the two proton-transfer events and averting the substrate inhibition involved in this type of ...
Eussen Simone R B M - - 2012
Recent secondary prevention trials have failed to demonstrate a beneficial effect of n-3 fatty acids on cardiovascular outcomes, which may be due to the growing use of statins since the mid-1990s. The aim of the present study was to assess whether statins modify the effects of n-3 fatty acids on ...
Viazzi F - - 2012
A number of epidemiological studies have reported an association between serum uric acid levels and a wide variety of high-risk conditions including hypertension, insulin resistance, and kidney and cerebro-cardiovascular disease. All things considered, serum uric acid may induce cardiovascular and kidney events both directly and indirectly by promoting other well-known ...
Siddiqi N J - - 2012
The aim of the present investigation was to study the distribution of various carnitine fractions in different bovine ocular tissues. Different ocular tissues were homogenized and their carnitine content was determined. The carnitine fractions studied include short chain carnitine, long chain carnitine, acyl carnitine and free carnitine. All the four ...
Toshida Hiroshi - - 2012
A role of vitamin A in the synthesis of hyaluronic acid by skin cells is well known. Hyaluronic acid is produced by corneal epithelial cells and keratocytes in the eye. We investigated whether rabbit corneal epithelial cells and keratocytes release hyaluronic acid after exposure to vitamin A compounds. Rabbit corneal ...
Ripps Harris - - 2012
Taurine is an organic osmolyte involved in cell volume regulation, and provides a substrate for the formation of bile salts. It plays a role in the modulation of intracellular free calcium concentration, and although it is one of the few amino acids not incorporated into proteins, taurine is one of ...
Kaczorowska-Hac Barbara B Department of Pediatrics, Hematology, Oncology, and Endocrinology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland. - - 2012
Valproic acid is a commonly used anti-epileptic drug. Hematological toxicities are among the occasionally observed adverse effects of this medication. We present the case of a 13-year-old Caucasian boy who demonstrated mild anemia 12 months after the introduction of valproic acid therapy. A bone marrow biopsy revealed maturation arrest of proerythroblasts. ...
Bartha J L - - 2011
Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in high and low-income countries. The aetiology of preeclampsia is multifactorial and remains obscure. Some evidences suggest that altered placental fatty acid oxidation might play a role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. To reveal if placental fatty acid ...
Dhobale Madhavi V - - 2011
Reports suggest that the placenta in preterm birth may provide clues to predicting the risk of individuals developing chronic diseases in later life. Placental delivery of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) (constituents of the cell membrane and precursors of prostaglandins) is essential for the optimal development of the central ...
Cheng Z - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To use an in vitro model of the ovine placenta to determine effects of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation on prostaglandin (PG) production. PGs are key regulators of fetal maturation and parturition. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal allantochorion tissue (FC) was collected in late pregnancy (day 135). FC cells were isolated ...
Johnsen G M - - 2011
Angiogenesis is a key factor in the placentation process and vascular remodeling that involves several growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4). PPARs are involved in the placentation process but not much information is available on whether their ligands such as fatty acids ...
Geenes V L - - 2011
Bile acids are the toxic end products of hepatic cholesterol metabolism. They are synthesised from early in gestation and excreted via the placenta. The mechanism for transplacental excretion of bile acids is not known. The gene and protein expression of the nuclear receptors responsible for hepatic bile acid metabolism and ...
Larqué Elvira - - 2011
Considerable amounts of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs), particularly arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), are deposited in fetal tissues during pregnancy; and this process is facilitated by placental delivery. Nevertheless, the mechanisms involved in LC-PUFA placental transfer remain unclear. Stable isotope techniques have been used to study human ...
Singla Shivali - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the transport of ascorbic acid, a water soluble molecule, through a predominantly lipophilic cornea. Thus in-vitro permeation of ascorbic acid from aqueous drops through freshly excised mammalian cornea was studied. Aqueous isotonic ophthalmic solutions of ascorbic acid of different concentrations (0.125% ...
Trostchansky Andrés - - 2011
Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthase (PGHS) catalyzes the oxidation of arachidonate to prostaglandin H(2). We have previously synthesized and chemically characterized nitroarachidonic acid (AANO(2)), a novel anti-inflammatory signaling mediator. Herein, the interaction of AANO(2) with PGHS was analyzed. AANO(2) inhibited oxygenase activity of PGHS-1 but not PGHS-2. AANO(2) exhibited time- and ...
Ruhaak Lucia Renee - - 2011
Cyclooxygenase enzymes (COX-1 and COX-2) catalyse the production of prostaglandins from arachidonic acid. Prostaglandins are important mediators in the inflammatory process and their production can be reduced by COX-inhibitors. Endocannabinoids, endogenous analogues of the plant derived cannabinoids, occur normally in the human body. The Endocannabinoids are structurally similar to arachidonic ...
Mishima Takuya - - 2011
The uptake and trans-placental trafficking of fatty acids from the maternal blood into the fetal circulation are essential for embryonic development, and involve several families of proteins. Fatty acid transport proteins (FATPs) uniquely transport fatty acids into cells. We surmised that placental FATPs are germane for fetal growth, and are ...
de Andrade Leide Rovênia Miranda - - 2011
The effects of aluminium (Al) on the metabolism of organic acids synthesised via nonphotosynthetic carbon fixation in the roots and on malate exudation were investigated in Al-tolerant Shirosanjyaku (SH) and Al-sensitive Chikushikomugi (CK) wheat cultivars labelled with bicarbonate-(14)C. Aluminum triggered the excretion of (14)C into the solution, especially in the ...
Doi Kent - - 2010
This study is aimed to examine whether urinary L-type fatty acid-binding protein can detect the severity of sepsis with animal sepsis models and septic shock patients complicated with established acute kidney injury. Experimental animal models and a clinical, prospective observational study. University laboratory and tertiary hospital. One hundred fourteen human ...
Miller Scott C - - 2010
Commonly used water-soluble polyaminocarboxylic acid (PACA) chelators, such as EDTA and DTPA, require intravenous or subcutaneous administration due to their poor bioavailability. The bioavailability of PACAs can be improved by the addition of differing lengths of alkyl side chains that alter amphipathic properties. Orally administered amphipathic triethylenetetramine pentaacetic acid (TT) ...
Bishop Jesse M JM Div. of Nephrology, Hypertension, and Transplantation, P.O. Box 100224, Univ. of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610-0224, - - 2010
Rh B glycoprotein (Rhbg) is a member of the Rh glycoprotein family of ammonia transporters. In the current study, we examine Rhbg's role in basal and acidosis-stimulated acid-base homeostasis. Metabolic acidosis induced by HCl administration increased Rhbg expression in both the cortex and outer medulla. To test the functional significance ...
Bourgeois Soline - - 2010
Ammonia absorption by the medullary thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (MTALH) is thought to be a critical step in renal ammonia handling and excretion in urine, in which it is the main acid component. Basolateral Na+/H+ exchangers have been proposed to play a role in ammonia efflux out of ...
Prior Ronald L - - 2010
Dietary flavonoids can be converted into phenolic acids by colonic microflora. Phenolic acids can then be absorbed into the circulation and may contribute to the health-promoting effects of the parent compounds. Phenolic acids can be further metabolized in other tissues via methylation and conjugation with glucuronide or sulfate. The objectives ...
Yoshiyama Mitsuharu - - 2010
Sex-specific differences in activity of the lower urinary tract (LUT) responding to acid irritation in mice have been revealed. This study, using continuous infusion cystometry with acetic acid (AA; pH 3.0), was conducted to examine whether the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channels expressed in the mouse LUT ...
Stalmach Angélique - - 2010
The intestinal absorption and metabolism of 385 micromol chlorogenic acids following a single intake of 200 mL of instant coffee by human volunteers with an ileostomy was investigated. HPLC-MS(3) analysis of 0-24h post-ingestion ileal effluent revealed the presence of 274+/-28 micromol of chlorogenic acids and their metabolites accounting for 71+/-7% ...
Pero Ronald W - - 2010
Hippuric acid has been a major human metabolite for years. However, there is no well-known documented health benefit associated with it except for excretion of environmental-toxic exposures of aromatic compounds such as toluene, or from dietary protein degradation and re-synthesis by intestinal microflora metabolism of quinic acid via the shikimate ...
Chen Wen-Chi - - 2010
Melamine-contaminated milk formula caused infant nephrolithiasis in some areas of China. Its combination with cyanuric acid causes crystallization in renal tubules. Following this renal damage and even renal failure that require long-term hemodialysis has been reported. Therefore, correct and timely diagnosis of these complex diseases is critical. Melamine containing stone ...
Suresh Katragadda - - 2010
The aim of this study was to characterize the affinity and permeability patterns of the amino acid ester prodrugs of acyclovir (ACV), L-alanine-ACV (AACV), L-serine-ACV (SACV), L-serine-succinate-ACV (SSACV) and L-cysteine-ACV (CACV) on rabbit primary corneal epithelial cell culture (rPCEC) and on rabbit cornea. Amino acid prodrugs of acyclovir, AACV, SACV, ...
Atanassova Stoyanka Slavcheva - - 2010
Plasma levels and urinary amino acid excretions were estimated by high-performance liquid chromatography in 15 control subjects and 36 stone formers (SFs) classified according to the stone type: (1) 22 cases with calcium oxalate stones; (2) four cases with pure uric acid stones; (3) 10 cases with magnesium-ammonium phosphate stones, ...
Berkemeyer Shoma - - 2010
Acid-base imbalance due to dietary food patterns has emerged as one of the hypotheses leading to modern-day diseases. This study examined if a new method to assess the renal ability to excrete an acid load, that is, the net acid excretion capacity (NAEC), constructed from net acid excretion (NAE) and ...
Shi Lijie - - 2010
In patients with hypercortisolism, who are frequently obese, the prevalence of elevated urinary excretion rates of the potential lithogenic factors (calcium, oxalate, and uric acid) is increased. We examined whether the 24-hour urinary excretion rates of calcium, oxalate, and uric acid are already associated with body fat and endogenous glucocorticoids ...
Kato Katsuyoshi - - 2009
To evaluate the latent risk of acidosis in commercially available total parenteral nutrition (TPN) products, three types of commercially available TPN products were compared in postoperative patients. Sixty-four hospitalized patients with gastro-intestinal disease who undertook curative gastro intestinal resection were studied prospectively and administered with TPN solutions. Three types of ...
Kurra Venla - - 2009
Hyperuricemia may play a role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease, but uric acid is also a significant antioxidant. We investigated the effects of oxonic acid-induced hyperuricemia on carotid artery tone in experimental renal insufficiency. Three weeks after 5/6 nephrectomy (NX) or Sham operation, male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to ...
Couture Caroline - - 2009
Pesticide use remains a preoccupation of the population and public health authorities given its possible impact on health. Pyrethroids can be listed among the widely used pesticides. The general population is potentially chronically exposed to pyrethroids mainly through food intake, but acute or sporadic exposures can also occur by other ...
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