Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1331
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Tandon S K - - 1994
The influence of methionine and Zn supplementation on the therapeutic efficacy of calcium disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (CaNa2 EDTA) and 2,3-dimercaptopropane 1-sulphonate (DMPS) in lead intoxication was investigated in rats. The combined treatment with CaNa2 EDTA and methionine +Zn or DMPS and methionine +Zn was more effective than the respective ...
Lin S Y - - 1994
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance technique was applied to determine the mucosa on the surface of the rabbit urinary bladder wall before and after obstruction. Several abnormal spectra related to the hydrogen bonding in nucleic acids of protein, previously found in the colon malignant tissues, appeared in ...
Tomigahara Y - - 1994
1. Urinary and faecal metabolites in rat treated with 14C-labelled (1RS, trans)-tetramethrin [3,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalimidomethyl (1RS, trans)-chrysanthemate] were identified using chromatographic techniques and spectroanalyses (nmr and ms). 2. 3-Hydroxy-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboximide was found to be a major and unique urinary metabolite, reduced at the 1,2-double bond of the 3,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalimide moiety. 3. The major faecal ...
Akhtar M H - - 1994
A comparative metabolism of [benzyl 14C]deltamethrin and 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBacid) was carried out in chickens. The effect of oral and intravenous route of administration was also investigated. There was no difference in the metabolic profile of [14C] portion of deltamethrin and 3-PBacid. Similarly, no effect on the nature of metabolites ...
Melikian A A - - 1994
Urinary trans,trans-muconic acid, a ring-opened metabolite of benzene, was quantified in pregnant and nonpregnant smokers. The results of this study were compared with those reported previously in male smokers. The data clearly demonstrate that smoking increases the levels of trans,trans-muconic acid in urine. The mean levels of trans,trans-muconic acid in ...
DelGiudice G D - - 1994
We examined the effect of progressive nutritional restriction on acid-base balance in seven captive, adult white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from 4 February to 5 May 1988 in north central Minnesota (USA). Metabolic acidosis was indicated by low mean blood pH (7.25 to 7.33) in deer throughout the study. Mean urinary ...
Shimizu N - - 1994
Dicarboxylic aciduria (DCA-uria) is a relatively common finding in the screening of organic acidemias by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). A considerable number of patients with DCA-uria are involved in disturbances of mitochondrial and peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation. The differential diagnosis of DCA-uria was investigated using a combination of organic acid ...
Panchenko E L - - 1994
Urinary enzymes N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT) are sensitive markers of specific renal cell damage. Excessive urinary amino acid excretion may also be an indicator of renal tubular damage. We have evaluated urinary excretion of NAG, gamma-GT and 37 amino acids, phospholipids and dipeptides in 30 children (aged 2.3-18.1 ...
Küpfer A - - 1994
The antineoplastic ifosfamide produces dose-dependent signs of neurotoxicity. After ifosfamide overdose in a patient, we found excessive urinary excretion of glutaric acid and sarcosine, which is compatible with glutaric aciduria type II, a defect in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation that results from defective electron transfer to flavoproteins. We therefore used ...
De Bellis M D - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine urinary catecholamine excretion in a self-selected sample of sexually abused and demographically matched control girls recruited from a prospective, longitudinal study. METHOD: Twenty-four--hour urinary catecholamine and metabolite concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol, metanephrine, normetanephrine, vanillylmandelic acid, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and homovanillic ...
Kristinsson J - - 1994
The urinary metabolites of orally administered mebeverine hydrochloride (270 mg) were studied in five healthy volunteers with the aid of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Mebeverine, which is an ester of veratric acid and 4-(ethyl-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino)butan-1-ol, was completely hydrolysed to the corresponding acid and alcohol moieties. The acid moiety was subsequently O-demethylated to ...
Alfieri A B - - 1994
The urinary excretion of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), the main metabolite of serotonin, reflects the content and turnover of gastrointestinal (GI) serotonin. Employing longitudinal measurements of 5-HIAA, the authors investigated in healthy subjects (n = 43) how manipulations of serotonin synthesis affect GI serotonin. Under conditions of serotonin-free diets, the intersubject ...
Goodwin B L - - 1994
1. The metabolism of dopamine analogues, differing in their ring substituents and length of side chain, has been examined in rat. 2. Both benzylamines and phenethylamines were converted to their analogous acids. Where sought, the corresponding alcohols were present only in minute traces, or were undetectable. 3. Benzylamines were largely ...
Sebesta I - - 1994
The increase in orotidine excretion following a 300 mg allopurinol dose has been used for carrier detection in ornithine carbamoyl transferase (OCT) deficiency. This test was evaluated, using three collection periods, in 23 healthy women, 4 obligate heterozygotes and 32 other women at risk of being carriers of OCT deficiency. ...
O'Reilly R L - - 1994
1. The evidence that phenylethylamine (PEA) plays a role in the etiology of schizophrenia is reviewed. 2. PEA shares structural and physiological similarities with the amphetamines, the administration of which can induce a schizophrenia-like psychosis. 3. While there are a number of reports of high urinary PEA excretion in schizophrenic ...
Moore D F - - 1994
Ingestion of over 60 g of formic acid by an adult is potentially fatal. We report a case of a 36-year-old woman with a history of depression who ingested 110 g of formic acid. She survived a complicated intensive care hospitalization following usage of intravenous folinic acid, urinary alkalinization, intravenous ...
Wharton J J Albany Medical College, New - - 1994
Urea kinetic modeling (KM) permits the calculation of urea volume (VKM), urea generation rate (GKM), and normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCRKM) but requires complex, iterative calculations. Simpler methods for estimation of these parameters (V(est), G(est), nPCR(est)) were compared with those obtained from kinetic modeling. Kinetic modeling was performed on 17 ...
Pitt J J - - 1993
The urinary excretions of several organic acids were quantitatively studied by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in subjects with disorders of peroxisome biogenesis (n = 8) and controls (n = 26). The excretion of 3,6-epoxtetradecanedioic acid was significantly elevated in all subjects with disorders of peroxisome biogenesis (1.8-20.8; controls, not detected-0.5, mumol/mmol ...
Yasuda T - - 1993
Two RNAases from human cerebrum were purified to an electrophoretically homogeneous state and their molecular masses were 22.0 kDa (tentatively called RNAase HB-1) and 19.0 kDa (RNAase HB-2). Analyses of the amino acid compositions, N-terminal amino acid sequences and catalytic properties of these enzymes provided strong evidence that they were ...
Godwin B L - - 1993
A series of compounds related to phenylalanine was administered to rats. Output of mandelic acid, a major but unexplained metabolite in phenylketonuria, was increased after the administration of phenylethanolamine or phenylpyruvic acid, whereas phenylethylamine or phenylalanine increased its excretion only marginally. Phenylacetic acid, previously suggested as a possible precursor in ...
Martínez-Piñeiro L - - 1993
This study was conducted to quantify urinary solute transport by the ileum, using an in vivo human model, and to determine the effect of nicotinic acid on this process. Patients were studied under both basal conditions and niacin therapy. The rates of solute transport were established by analysis of excretion ...
Sharma A M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of dietary salt restriction on urinary excretion of serotonin and its principal metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in man. DESIGN: We studied 16 healthy male volunteers (age range 20-28 years) who ate a standard diet containing 20 mmol/day NaCl, to which either 220 mmol/day NaCl or ...
Kennedy S H - - 1993
Brofaromine, a selective and reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase-A (MAO-A) was given to 19 women while 17 received placebo for 8 weeks. All met DSM III-R criteria for bulimia nervosa, a psychiatric disorder in which uncontrolled overeating episodes are accompanied by purging activities and extreme concerns about body shape and ...
Hotz P - - 1993
It has been postulated that occupational exposure to hydrocarbons may damage the kidney and lead to glomerulonephritis and chronic renal failure. As laminin is a ubiquitous basement membrane component that seems to play a central part in the structure and function of basement membranes and as the normal renal filtration ...
Delhaize E. - - 1993
We investigated the role of organic acids in conferring Al tolerance in near-isogenic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) lines differing in Al tolerance at the Al tolerance locus (Alt1). Addition of Al to nutrient solutions stimulated excretion of malic and succinic acids from roots of wheat seedlings, and Al-tolerant genotypes excreted ...
Wu W J - - 1993
Urinary calcareous disease related to laxative abuse is rare. The gastrointestinal loss of fluid and electrolytes leads to chronic depletion of the urinary volume, relative supersaturation and many other pathophysiologic derangements. These calculi are generally radiolucent with uric acid and ammonium acid urate as major components. We report on a ...
Sierra R - - 1993
The hypothesis that intragastric synthesis of N-nitroso compounds (NOC) in early life could play a role in gastric carcinogenesis was tested by applying the N-nitrosoproline (NPRO) test to about 50 children living in high- and low-risk areas for stomach cancer in Costa Rica. The median values of excretion of NPRO ...
Cecchetti V - - 1993
A series of 2-substituted-7-oxo-2,3-dihydro-7H-pyrido[1,2,3-de][1,4]benzothiazine-6 -carboxylic acids has been prepared and evaluated for in vitro antibacterial activity. These derivatives were less active than corresponding desmethylated analogues. Among these derivatives, the most active compound 22a was selected for preliminary pharmacokinetics in rats. The pharmacokinetic data indicated that 22a was rapidly absorbed and ...
Brenes L G - - 1993
During previous studies in patients with isolated proximal renal tubular acidosis (pRTA), the rates of urinary ammonium excretion were considered inappropriately low for their state of chronic metabolic acidosis. These observations were made while the patients were on a normal diet as well as when they were undergoing a short ...
Pewnim T - - 1993
This study defined structural requirements for organophosphorous and methylcarbamate insecticides for altering the L-kynurenine pathway of L-tryptophan metabolism in mice. Kynurenine formamidase inhibition by organophosphorous acid triesters and methylcarbamates is the proposed primary event resulting in increase in xanthurenic acid urinary excretion and plasma L-kynurenine. Alteration of the L-kynurenine pathway ...
Christensen L A - - 1993
The bioavailability of a controlled release 5-aminosalicyclic acid preparation (Pentasa) was investigated in nine healthy children after a medication period of six days (1000 mg/day) and compared with sulfasalazine (Salazopyrin) (2000 mg/day). The local bioavailability in the distal gut lumen, reflected by the 5-aminosalicylic acid concentration in the fecal water, ...
Hesse A - - 1993
The action of various beverages and foods on the composition of the urine in the circadian rhythm and in the 24-hour urine has been investigated under standardized conditions. Orange juice leads to a significant increase of urinary pH and citric acid excretion. Black tea leads to a raised excretion of ...
Laivuori H - - 1993
To study whether balance between antiaggregatory, vasodilatory prostacyclin (PGI2) and proaggregatory, vasoconstrictory thromboxane A2 (TXA2) could be affected by dietary manipulation, 18 pre-eclamptic women were treated in randomized order between 31 and 36 weeks of gestation either with primrose oil (n = 7), with fish oil (n = 5), or ...
Hu J F - - 1993
The relationship between dietary intakes and urinary calcium was examined in a cross-sectional survey of 764 middle-aged and elderly women with markedly different dietary patterns and lifestyles. Urinary calcium was correlated positively with urinary acids, including titratable acid (r = 0.46, P < 0.0001), ammonia (r = 0.42, P < ...
McKenna K F - - 1993
Phenelzine [2-phenylethylhydrazine] (PLZ), a potent inhibitor of monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A and -B, is used widely in psychiatry. We have studied the effects of PLZ administration on urinary excretion of several bioactive amines and their metabolites in psychiatric patients. Urine samples (24-hour) were collected prior to treatment and again at 2 ...
Davis B A - - 1993
1. Brofaromine or placebo were administered to female bulimia nervosa patients over a period of eight weeks. Plasma and urinary trace amines, their acidic metabolites and the acidic metabolites of the catecholamines and serotonin were assessed prior to treatment and at four and eight weeks after commencement of treatment. 2. ...
Christakopoulos A - - 1993
Monitoring occupational exposure to styrene was achieved through quantification of adducts of styrene 7,8-oxide to N-terminal valine in hemoglobin (Hb) on the basis of the enrichment of adducted globin chains by ion-exchange chromatography and gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis by the use of the N-alkyl Edman method. Application to blood samples ...
Takenoshita R - - 1993
1. In the presence of glutathione under physiological conditions, 3'-oxohexobarbital was non-enzymically converted to 1,5-dimethylbarbituric acid and a cyclohexenone-glutathione adduct. 2. The two reaction products were characterized by mass spectrometry, 1H- and 13C-n.m.r. spectrometry, and UV spectral analyses. 3. 1,5-Dimethylbarbituric acid was excreted in urine of rat given hexobarbital, 3'-oxohexobarbital, ...
Wu Y - - 1993
Overnight urine samples were collected from approximately 60 male adults in each of 69 counties of China in 1989. Two specimens were collected from each subject--one after a loading dose of proline and ascorbic acid and another after a loading dose of proline only. Levels of N-nitrosamino acids and nitrate ...
Sandstad O - - 1993
D-glucaric acid, an end product of glucuronic acid metabolism, has been used as a marker substance for microsomal enzyme induction. In this study a convenient microtitre-plate based method for the quantification of urinary D-glucaric acid has been developed and validated. Mean urinary D-glucaric acid excretion in 20 health humans as ...
Gambaro G - - 1993
1. The demonstration of an inheritable anomaly of erythrocyte oxalate transport in 'primary' calcium nephrolithiasis suggested that this disease might be a generalized metabolic disorder characterized by a defect in cellular anion transport. 2. To determine whether this anomaly is restricted to oxalate alone, we studied erythrocyte transmembrane urate self-exchange ...
Wabner C L - - 1993
The value of orange juice consumption in kidney stone prevention was examined in 8 healthy men and 3 men with documented hypocitraturic nephrolithiasis. They underwent 3 phases of a metabolic study, a placebo phase and 2 treatment phases in which they ingested either 1.2 l. orange juice (containing 60 mEq. ...
Mancini J - - 1993
Mevalonic aciduria, due to mevalonate kinase deficiency, is the first recognized defect in the biosynthesis of cholesterol and isoprenoids. Very few patients with this disorder have been reported. Three siblings born from consanguineous parents are reported. Several clinical signs were present in all 3 children, including failure-to-thrive, susceptibility to infections, ...
Hoppe A - - 1993
The 24-h urine excretion of 20 amino acids was investigated in 24 cystinuric and 15 normal dogs. The diagnosis of cystinuria was based on infrared spectroscopy of removed uroliths, which in all cases were composed of pure cystine. Seven of 24 cystinuric dogs showed normal cystine excretion compared to normal ...
Black R M - - 1993
1. The metabolism of thiodiglycol, 2,2'-thiobis-ethanol, was investigated following i.p. administration to rat. 2. Approximately 90% of the administered dose was excreted in the 0-24-h urine. Four metabolites were isolated by h.p.l.c. and identified by mass spectrometry. Structural assignments were confirmed by comparison with authentic synthetic standards. 3. Thiodiglycol sulphoxide ...
Mukherjee S - - 1993
To explore the possibility of utilizing cysteine derivatives for technetium-99m radiopharmaceutical preparation with clinical potential, we synthesized two benzyl substituted cysteine compounds, namely, S-benzyl cysteine 1 and cysteine benzyl ester 3. It was expected, from our previous studies on benzoyl cysteines, that the above two ligands after chelation with 99mTc ...
Castanheira I - - 1993
The present work concerns the production of 1,2-dihydroxypropyl-1-phosphonic acid (diol) by acid hydrolysis of (-cis) 1,2-epoxypropylphosphonic acid (phosphomycin), and its formulation as a kit easily labeled with [99mTc]pertechnetate. Biodistribution studies and whole-body autoradiographies in mice show that 99mTc-diol has a specific affinity for the kidneys: it is rapidly cleared from ...
Akira K - - 1993
The use of 13C-labeling and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to trace the biotransformation of benzoic acid (BA) to hippuric acid (HA) in the rat has been described. Novel [2,4,6,7-13C4]BA, which was labeled in the specific protonated carbons, was used in order to enhance the sensitivity of 13C NMR detection ...
Rinaldo P - - 1993
To assess the relative contribution of glycine and carnitine conjugation pathways to total acyl-group excretion, we investigated the excretion of C6 to C10 dicarboxylic acids, C6 to C8 acylglycines, and C6 to C8 acylcarnitines in five symptom-free patients with medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency during sequential 1-week periods as follows: ...
Shuker D E - - 1993
Noninvasive methodologies for measuring carcinogen exposure in humans, based on the use of urinary markers, are being developed and validated for use in molecular epidemiological studies. A range of 3-alkyladenines can be determined in urine samples by an immunoaffinity purification-GC/MS approach [3-methyladenine, 3-ethyladenine, 3-(2-hydroxyethyl)adenine, and 3-benzyladenine]. Using this method, recent ...
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