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Results 351 - 400 of 1332
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Shibata K - - 1996
It is known that the anti-tuberculosis drug, isonicotinic acid hydrazide (INH), causes pellagra, a niacin deficiency syndrome, and peripheral neuritis in humans. We investigated the effects of INH on the metabolism of tryptophan to niacin in rats fed on a niacin-free diet. The activity of kynurenine aminotransferase was significantly inhibited ...
Atmani F - - 1996
Uronic-acid-rich protein (UAP) is a urinary glycoprotein that inhibits calcium oxalate crystallization in vitro. It shows a structural similarity to bikunin, a component of inter-alpha-inhibitor (IalphaI) known for its inhibition of the action of many serine proteinases like trypsin and chymotrypsin. To clarify the relationship between these macromolecules, UAP, IalphaI, ...
Yang X F - - 1996
Homovanillic acid (HVA) and vanillylmandelic acid (VMA), two end products of dopamine metabolism, were measured in 60 workers exposed to carbon disulfide (CS(2)) in a rayon factory and in 48 unexposed workers. The airborne CS(2) concentrations in eight major exposure zones of the plant were measured monthly over a period ...
Tanaka K - - 1996
1. The urinary excretion of the mercapturic acids of illudin S after oral administration to rat has been studied. 2. From lc-ms/ms analysis of methanolic extracts of lyophilized rat urine, stereo-isomeric mercapturic acids were detected. 3. The mercapturic acids excreted 3 days following administration amounted to approximately 0.39-0.73% of the ...
Sung R Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which immaturity of hepatic microsomal enzyme activity might contribute to physiological jaundice. METHODS: Urinary excretion of D-glucaric acid, expressed in mumol glucaric acid/ mmol creatinine, was measured in 122 Chinese full-term healthy newborn babies during the first five days of life. Among the 122 ...
Yamamoto T - - 1996
To investigate whether or not amino acids affect the urinary excretion of purine bases and oxypurinol, a 12% amino acid solution was infused to 6 subjects who took allopurinol (300 mg) 6 h before the study. Amino acid infusion increased the urinary excretion and the fractional clearance of uric acid ...
Tack I - - 1996
The effect of amino acid infusion on proximal glomerular-tubular balance (PG-TB) was studied in twelve healthy two-kidney volunteers (2K) and eight uninephrectomized subjects (1K) in similar sodium and protein balance, to provide an extended range of values for renal function. Amino acid infusion induced a reversible significant increase in GFR: ...
Mashige F - - 1996
Concentrations of vanillylmandelic acid (VMA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), vanillic acid (VA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in urine from healthy subjects were determined by a high-performance liquid chromatography system with a mixed-mode (C18/anion-exchange) column and an 8-channel electrochemical detector, in order to study the influence of diet, diurnal ...
Hammer E - - 1996
Incubation of phenol-induced cells of the yeast Candida maltosa SBUG 700 with mono- and dichlorophenols resulted in the formation of metabolites of the substrates and of further metabolites not related to the degradation pathway of the substrates. These additional compounds, identified as 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (4-HPA), phenylacetic acid (PA), indolylacetic acid ...
Ruesch S - - 1996
We report on 2 children, brother and sister, who presented with cardiomyopathy and muscular hypotonia at the age of B months. They both excreted significant amounts of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid (3-HMG) and 3-methylglutaconic acid (3-MGC) but no 3-methylglutaric acid (3-MG). Enzyme analysis in fibroblasts revealed normal activities of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) lyase ...
Buchet J P - - 1996
To assess whether regular consumption of seafood, particularly fish and shellfish, by humans may lead to an overexposure to inorganic arsenic, a well-established human carcinogen, the urinary excretion of the relevant As metabolites (Asi, inorganic form; MMA, monomethylarsonic acid; DMA, dimethylarsinic acid) was compared in groups of subjects with different ...
Rajkiran - - 1996
The nutrient intake of 69 stone formers (SFs) from three subsets of the local population (urban 22, rural tribal 22 and rural nontribal 25) and 69 age, sex, weight and socioeconomically matched control subjects (NSs) (urban 20, rural tribal 22 and rural nontribal 27) was studied. Simultaneously their times 24-h ...
Hendriks W H - - 1995
Felinine (2-amino-7-hydroxy-5,5-dimethyl-4-thiaheptanoic acid) has been identified in the urine of several members of the Felidae family including the cat (Felis catus). Rates of excretion of 95 mg/day have been recorded for entire male cats with entire female cats excreting around 19 mg/day. These high excretion rates in entire male cats ...
Laitinen J - - 1995
Ten car mechanics frequently exposed to glycol-based cooling liquids were followed during a workshift. Airborne ethylene and propylene glycol concentrations in the car mechanics' environment were measured. The car mechanics gave urine samples after the workshift and their excretion of ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, oxalic acid, calcium and ammonia was ...
Tormey W P - - 1995
Over a five-and-a-half-year period, there were 298 laboratory requests for urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA). The clinical and laboratory associations of the 24 patients in which there were 43 urinary 5-HIAA 24-h collection results greater than the laboratory upper reference limit are detailed. Four were confirmed carcinoid tumours and two were ...
Burkovski A - - 1995
Glutamate excretion due to amino acid starvation was investigated in "stringent" and "relaxed" strains of Escherichia coli. The observed excretion process is relA-dependent, carrier-mediated, and glutamate-specific. After induction, excretion was detected within less than 2 min and continued for more than 5 h with a rate of 7-10 nmol (mg ...
Garvey M J - - 1995
Urinary levels of the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and the norepinephrine metabolite vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) were measured in 45 patients with generalized anxiety disorder. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the severity of several anxiety symptoms was predicted by levels of 5-HIAA and VMA. These data are consistent with the ...
Yamamoto T - - 1995
We investigated the effect of xylitol on the plasma concentration and the urinary excretion of purine bases, 5-hydroxypyrazinamide and 5-hydroxypyrazinoic acid in subjects who had ingested pyrazinamide (60 mg/kg weight). One liter of 10% xylitol was infused intravenously over 2 hours to 5 subjects to whom pyrazinamide had been administered ...
Ikeda M - - 1995
It is well recognized in industrial and environmental health that man is exposed simultaneously to more than one chemical. Interaction may take place in the metabolism of chemicals absorbed in combination or in sequence, especially when the chemicals share similar chemical structures. It is further conceivable that the extent of ...
Murphy J L - - 1995
The gastrointestinal handling and metabolism of [1-13C]palmitic acid given as the free fatty acid was examined in six healthy women by measuring the excretion of 13C-label in stool and in breath as 13CO2. The gastrointestinal handling of [1-13C]palmitic acid was compared with the apparent absorption of dietary lipid by measuring ...
Stone P J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To measure the urinary excretion of specific cross-link amino acid markers for mature elastin (desmosine [DES] and isodesmosine [IDES]) and fibrillar collagen (hydroxylysylpyridinoline [HP] and lysylpyridinoline [LP]) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and healthy controls. METHODS: Urine specimens from 20 patients with SSc and 22 controls were assessed for ...
Manz F - - 1995
Bodybuilders often prefer a high protein diet to achieve maximum skeletal muscle hypertrophy. In this study the effect of a high protein diet on renal acid load and renal handling of proton excretion was studied comparing dietary intake and urinary ionograms in 37 male bodybuilders and 20 young male adults. ...
Martin Orue S M - - 1995
The present experiment was carried out to study the endogenous losses of purine and pyrimidine derivatives from pregnant sows. Three pregnant and three non-pregnant Large White x Landrace sows were fed on a purine-free diet composed of starch, glucose, sucrose and vegetable oil, with casein as the protein source. The ...
Saheki T - - 1995
We report the effect of the ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) transgene composed of 1.3 kb of the 5' flanking region of the rat OTC gene fused to rat OTC cDNA on urinary orotic acid excretion in OTC-deficient spf-ash (sparse-fur with abnormal skin and hair) mice during overnight-starvation and nitrogen loading. During ...
Ghittori S - - 1995
Urinary phenol determinations have traditionally been used to monitor high levels of occupational benzene exposure. However, urinary phenol cannot be used to monitor low-level exposures. New biological indexes for exposure to low levels of benzene are thus needed. The aim of this study was to investigate the relations between exposure ...
Torres-Alanís O - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical efficacy of 2,3-dimercapto-1-propane sulfonic acid, Na salt, on the urinary excretion of mercury as well as its possible adverse effects. Ten men with occupational mercury exposure (urinary level of 50 micrograms/g creatinine or more) were assigned to receive 2,3-dimercapto-1-propane sulfonic ...
Garvey M J - - 1995
There is evidence that serotonin and norepinephrine are in some way involved in the pathophysiology of anxiety disorders. Urinary levels of the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and the norepinephrine metabolite vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) were measured in 46 patients with generalized anxiety disorder. There was a significant association between urinary ...
Singh P P - - 1995
Forty-five patients with recurrent renal stone were examined for distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) defects by acid challenge test (150 mg ammonium chloride/kg body weight). Their 24-h urine samples were analysed for creatinine, calcium, oxalic acid, inorganic phosphorus, uric acid, magnesium and citric acid. One-hour urine samples before acid load ...
Zijlstra W G - - 1995
Urinary acid excretion and blood acid-base state were determined in dogs fed a casein-based semi-synthetic food (SSF), to which different amounts of salts had been added, in comparison with feeding normal dog food. Net acid excretion (NAE) and inorganic acid excretion (IAE) increased during SSF feeding. IAE was higher than ...
Drexler H - - 1995
The reported investigations on the uptake of carbon disulphide (CS2) and the excretion of its metabolite 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (TTCA) were based on results from 403 personal air samples (352 passive and 51 active samples) and 362 TTCA determinations in biological material measured during a field study on the adverse effects ...
Inoue O - - 1995
Factory surveys were conducted in the second half of work weeks on 360 solvent workers (202 men and 158 women) and 281 controls in China. Monitoring personal exposures showed that ethylbenzene exposure was low (geometric mean 1.8 ppm) and was accompanied by coexposure to toluene (1.5 ppm) and three xylene ...
Uribarri J - - 1995
Endogenous acid production has never been measured directly in dialysis patients and an empiric formula is used to estimate acid production from their protein catabolic rate. We have studied acid-base balance in 19 stable CAPD patients attending the peritoneal dialysis clinic of Mount Sinai Hospital. They obtained a 24 hour ...
Kreuzer M - - 1995
90 urine samples obtained in three lamb trials and one experiment using adult wethers were analyzed for their contents of orotic acid and creatinine. The average daily excretion of orotic acid accounted for 0.5 mg to 1.5 mg (35 micrograms to 130 micrograms/W0.75) with a high individual variation. Correlation coefficients ...
Boon L - - 1994
To examine further the role of the liver in acid-base homeostasis, we studied hepatic amino acid uptake and urea synthesis in rats in vivo during acute acidosis and alkalosis, induced by infusion of 1.8 mmol of HCl or NaHCO3 over 3 h. Amino acids and NH4+ were measured in portal ...
Silbernagl S - - 1994
To investigate the fluxes of cationic amino acids beyond the proximal convolution, we micropunctured and microperfused superficial tubules of male Wistar rats in vivo et situ. In free-flow micropuncture experiments, the concentrations of endogenous L-arginine+, [Arg], and of intravenously infused L-homoarginine+, [HoArg], were determined by HPLC. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled inulin was ...
Carré B - - 1994
Two experimental diets consisting of a basal diet either undiluted or diluted with 1% pectin-based gelling agent were given to intact or cecectomized adult cockerels for a balance experiment. The digestibilities of the water-soluble added pectin were 83.2 and 61.4% in intact and cecectomized birds (P < .05), respectively. Lactic ...
Marteau P - - 1994
The digestibility of ispaghula, a mucilage from Plantago ovata composed mainly of arabinoxylans, and its faecal bulking effect were studied in seven healthy volunteers who ingested a low fibre controlled diet plus either placebo or 18 g/day of ispaghula for two 15 day periods. Whole gut transit time and gas ...
Severi M - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: A field study was undertaken to investigate the effects of occupational styrene exposure on mandelic acid excretion and the formation of styrene-7,8-oxide hemoglobin adducts. Especially the sensitivity of a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for determining hemoglobin adducts was evaluated. METHODS: Over a four-week period, each individual of a group ...
Sandberg A S - - 1994
The effect of alginate on ileostomy excretion of sterols and nutrients was investigated in six ileostomy subjects fed a constant low-fiber diet with or without supplementation with 7.5 g sodium alginate. A mean of 95% of uronic acids derived from the sodium alginate was recovered in the ileostomy contents. Supplementation ...
Volk M - - 1994
Urothione was isolated as an excretion product of Hydrogenophaga pseudoflava and other bacteria at amounts approaching 253 micrograms/l of culture corresponding to 44 micrograms/g bacterial dry mass. The compound was identified as urothione by co-chromatography with urothione isolated from human urine, its characteristic ultraviolet and visible absorption spectra, oxidation to ...
Xie J - - 1994
N-Benzyl-D-glucaminedithiocarbamate (BGD), diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC), di-hydroxyethyldithiocarbamate (DHED), trans-1,2-cyclohexanediamine N,N,N',N'-tetra-acetic acid (CDTA), and 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) were studied for their relative efficacies in the distribution and excretion of nickel in mice exposed to nickel. Mice were injected intraperitoneally with NiCl2 (5mgNi/kg) and 30 min or 24 hr later, they were injected intraperitoneally ...
Linhart I - - 1994
1. The excretion of urinary metabolites was studied in rat dosed intraperitoneally with ethyl acrylate and 1-butyl acrylate. 2. Physiological carboxylic acids, namely, 3-hydroxypropanoic acid, lactic acid and acetic acid were determined by hplc and may be derived from the xenobiotic acrylates. 3. A significant increase in the amounts of ...
Karube Y - - 1994
New cationic technetium-chelating agents containing a pyridinium group have been synthesized and evaluated as potential renal radiopharmaceuticals. METHODS: The pyridinium compounds used in the study are N-methyl pyridoxal chloride, N-ethyl pyridoxal chloride, N-propyl pyridoxal chloride, 1-methyl-3-hydroxy-4-formylpyridinium chloride, 1-methyl-2-formyl-3-hydroxypyridinium chloride and the Schiff's bases of N-methyl pyridoxal chloride with amino acid, ...
Mogoş T - - 1994
The levels of urinary amino acids (cystine, amino acids with basic character, branched chain amino acids and phenylalanine) were determined in the 24 hr urines of 5,500 newborns and in 20 subjects ranging in age from 2.5 to 20 years, with a suspicion of metabolic diseases. Seven newborns have shown ...
Munechika K - - 1994
Tissue distribution of the radioactivities after intravenous administration of [14C]adriamycin ([14C]ADM) or [14C]ADM linked to oxidized dextran ([14C]ADM-OXD) in mouse bearing Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) and rat bearing Walker 256 carcinosarcoma was studied. ADM conjugated with OXD increased plasma half-life and gave high area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC). ...
Monder C - - 1994
Metabolism of intravenously administered testosterone trans-4-n-butylcyclohexanoate (T bucyclate), a potent, long-acting androgen, was studied in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). About 5% of the radioactivity of a dose of doubly labeled ester (14C, 3H) was excreted via the gastrointestinal tract. Most of the administered radioactivity was excreted in the urine within ...
Laitinen J - - 1994
Glycol ethers and glycol ether acetates are dehydrogenated to alkoxyacetic acid congeners which may serve as biological indicators of exposure. The ethereal bond may also be cut in an oxidation reaction catalyzed by the mixed function oxidase. In case of ethylene glycol, the eventual endproduct is oxalic acid. Urinary oxalic ...
Maitani T - - 1994
The correlation between the in vivo tissue distribution or the urinary excretion of aluminium (Al) administered with four organic acids and the in vitro binding of Al to serum protein in the presence of the organic acids was studied: Aluminum was injected intraperitoneally into mice with an organic acid at ...
Mogoş T - - 1994
Assays of the branched chain amino acids, of those with basic character, of phenylalanine and glutamic acid were performed in the 24 hrs urines of 50 patients with psychic disorders, ranging in age from 0 to 20 years, and in 30 normal controls. Similar investigations were carried out in the ...
Goodwin B L - - 1994
The concentration of several phenolic acids and alcohols was measured in urine from germ-free and specific pathogen-free (SPF) rats before and after inoculation with faecal microorganisms, and from conventional rats before and after gut sterilization. The rate of excretion of benzoic acid, phenylacetic acid, and m- and p-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid in ...
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