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Results 201 - 250 of 1332
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Naya Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of the dietary intake of fatty acid on urinary oxalate excretion in calcium oxalate stone-formers in their fourth decade, as previous reports show that animal fat intake is associated with urinary oxalate excretion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The dietary intake of 58 idiopathic stone-formers in their ...
Gallmetzer Martin - - 2002
Succinate is an interesting chemical for industries producing food and pharmaceutical products, surfactants, detergents and biodegradable plastics. Succinate is produced mainly by a mixed-acid fermentation process using anaerobically growing bacteria. However, succinate excretion is also widespread among fungi. In this article we report results on the intracellular concentration and the ...
Kumps Alain - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The determination of organic acids and glycine conjugates in urine is key for the diagnosis and follow-up of several inborn errors of metabolism (IEM). However, clinical interpretations may still be hindered by ambiguity in the sources of some urinary organic acids and acylglycines as well as in the relationship ...
du Preez Louis H - - 2002
Polystoma dawiekoki n. sp. is described as a new species of the Polystomatidae parasitic in the urinary bladder of the plain grass frog Ptychadena anchietae. This parasite was collected at Mkuze town and Mkuze Game Reserve in northern Kwazulu-Natal Province, in the Kruger National Park in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, ...
Gallmetzer Martin - - 2002
Continuous cultivation was used to study the effect of glucose, ammonium, nitrate or phosphate limitation on the excretion of tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediates by Penicillium simplicissimum. Additionally, the effect of benzoic acid, salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM) and 2,4-dinitrophenol on TCA cycle intermediates was studied. The physiological state of the fungus ...
Venta Rafael - - 2002
Age-related variation of the urinary excretion of amino acids has been widely reported. Instead of the conventional reference intervals, continuous reference limits might be a more practical approach during periods of rapid changes such as infancy or childhood. Regression-based reference limits have been produced for the urinary excretion of 23 ...
Karim Zoubida - - 2002
The major component of urinary acid excretion is NH4+. To be appropriately excreted in urine, NH4+ must be synthesized by proximal tubular cells, secreted into the proximal tubular fluid, reabsorbed by the medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) to be accumulated in the medullary interstitium, and finally secreted in medullary collecting ...
Wajne M - - 2002
We report an infant with intermittent urinary excretion of D-2-hydroxyglutaric (D-2-OHG) acid who died at the age of 10 months from cardiogenic shock due to cardiomyopathy. High urinary concentrations of D-2-OHG and succinic acid, as well as increased levels of lactic acid were detected on three different occasions, whereas a ...
Ito Emiko - - 2002
This paper describes the distribution and excretion of okadaic acid (OA) administered orally to mice and examined by immunostaining method. Five min after administration, OA was systemically distributed, being detected in the lung, liver, heart, kidney, and small and large intestine. The swollen small intestinal villi contained OA, causing the ...
Vaitkevicius Henrikas - - 2002
PURPOSE: To test our hypothesis that differences in urinary calcium excretion among blacks and whites may be secondary to ethnic variations in acid (H(+)) metabolism and to prove that increases in titratable acid excretion would be found among individuals predisposed to the development of stress fractures. METHODS: We administered 8 ...
Topcu M - - 2002
D-Glyceric aciduria is a disease with a very heterogeneous group of symptoms, with D-glyceric acid excretion as the chief common characteristic. Findings described in previous patients include progressive neurological impairment, hypotonia, seizures, failure to thrive and metabolic acidosis. However, there are also asymptomatic patients with mild neurological impairment. A six-month-old ...
Nakamura H - - 2002
Sulfate and taurine are major end products of sulfur-containing amino acid metabolism in mammals including humans, and they are excreted in urine. Average excretions micromol/mg of creatinine) in the morning urine of 58 female college students were: total (free plus ester) sulfate (a). 12.53 +/- 3.85; free sulfate, 11.57 +/- ...
Lightner D A - - 2001
The secondary structure of bilirubin, with a ridge-tile shape and six intramolecular hydrogen bonds, is more stable than any other conformation and perhaps the most important determinant of its solubility and properties in solution and its hepatic metabolism/excretion. Uncoupling the intramolecular hydrogen bonding, increasing the acidity of the propionic acid, ...
Lord G M - - 2001
We have previously reported occurrence of a specific type of nephropathy due to ingestion of Chinese herbs (Chinese herbal nephropathy [CHN]) in two patients in the UK. These cases highlighted the role of aristolochic acid in causing this nephropathy, which was first described in a Belgian cohort. We now report ...
Remer T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nutrition has long been known to strongly influence acid-base balance. Recently, we have shown that it is possible to appropriately estimate the renal net acid excretion (NAE) of healthy subjects from the composition of their diets. AIM OF THE STUDY: 1) To briefly present a physiologically based calculation model ...
van Kempen T A - - 2001
Adipic acid is only partially catabolized when it is fed to animals, and a portion of it is excreted in urine. The excreted portion may lower urinary pH and, as a result, ammonia emission. The present study tested this hypothesis. In Exp. 1, nursery pigs (n = 14) were fed ...
Campieri C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hyperoxaluria is a major risk factor for renal stones, and in most cases, it appears to be sustained by increased dietary load or increased intestinal absorption. Previous studies have shown that components of the endogenous digestive microflora, in particular Oxalobacter formigenes, utilize oxalate in the gut, thus limiting its ...
Funghini S - - 2001
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism caused by deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (HMGCL). Up to now only a few mutations have been reported in the HMGCL gene. We report the first Italian patient, a female who presented metabolic acidosis at 3 days ...
Naidu S G - - 2001
Haemolymph levels of organic and inorganic constituents were investigated in the tenebrionid Onymacris rugatipennis during dehydration and rehydration. The major osmolar effectors are sodium (26%), chloride (24%), amino acids (18%), and sugars (11%); regulation of haemolymph osmotic pressure (OP) during dehydration is effected largely by a reduction in the haemolymph ...
Rechner A R - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate biomarkers of the bioavailability and metabolism of hydroxycinnamate derivatives through the determination of the pharmacokinetics of their urinary elimination and identification of the metabolites excreted. Coffee was used as a rich source of caffeic acid derivatives and human supplementation was undertaken. The ...
Amodio-Cocchieri R - - 2001
The urinary benzene metabolite trans,trans-muconic acid (MA) was determined in 144 children living in Campania (Italy): 92 from Naples (1,300,000 inhabitants), designated as an urban source, and compared to 52 from Pollica (300 inhabitants), considered a rural, background exposure for benzene. The children participating in the study were tested by ...
Triebig G - - 2001
The main aim of the study was to examine the possible effects of occupational exposure to styrene on color vision function and the course after reduction of exposure. Color vision function was examined in 22 styrene-exposed laminators and 11 control subjects at a boat manufacturing plant. The Lanthony D-15 desaturated ...
Luippold G - - 2001
In rodents, blockade of dopamine D2-like receptors abolishes both the physiological increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) induced by amino acids and the pathological hyperfiltration in experimental diabetes mellitus. This study addressed the contribution of dopamine D2-like receptors to changes in renal haemodynamics after amino acid infusion in humans. Twelve ...
Yokoi K - - 2001
The effect of dietary sulfur amino acids on bioelectric properties was studied in rats by using bioimpedance spectroscopy. Weanling rats were assigned to one of 12 groups in a factorially arranged experiment with dietary variables of supplemental sulfur amino acid (none, 10 g DL-methionine/kg or 10 g DL-homocystine/kg), pyridoxine hydrochloride ...
O'Connor D T - - 2001
Essential hypertension has a familial predisposition, but the phenotype of elevated blood pressure has delayed penetrance. Because the kidney is a crucial determinant of blood pressure homeostasis, we studied early glomerular alterations in still-normotensive young subjects at genetic risk of hypertension. Thirty-nine normotensive adults (mean age 29 to 31 years), ...
Akira K - - 2001
This article describes a 13C-labelling and nuclear magnetic resonance approach for hippuric acid test which is potentially useful for evaluating liver reserve. In this approach, urine samples collected after ingestion of 13C-labelled benzoic acid were directly analysed by 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and the excreted 13C-labelled hippuric acid formed ...
Shih T S - - 2001
Urinary 2-methoxy acetic acid reportedly has a long half-life (77.1 hr) in humans. The authors studied urinary 2-methoxy acetic acid in a group of 18 workers exposed to 2-methoxy ethanol from Monday to Saturday following a 7-d cease in production. The weekly time-weighted average exposure concentration of 2-methoxy ethanol was ...
Ploeger B - - 2001
Glycyrrhizic acid is widely applied as a sweetener in food products and chewing tobacco. Habitual consumption of this compound may lead to hypertension and electrolyte disturbances due to inhibition of 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase by the metabolite glycyrrhetic acid. The effect of 130 mg glycyrrhetic acid/day for 5 days on 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase ...
Jang J Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Ethylbenzene is an important constituent of widely used solvent mixtures in industry. The objective of the present study was to provide information about biological monitoring of occupational exposure to ethylbenzene, and to review the biological limit values corresponding to the threshold limit value of ethylbenzene. METHODS: A total of ...
Raikhlin-Eisenkraft B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Volatile substance abuse is practiced mainly by adolescents and young adults. Its effects are central nervous system excitation followed by central nervous system depression, at times accompanied by seizures. It may cause sudden death as a result of ventricular arrhythmias, reflex vagal inhibition, respiratory depression, and anoxia. Chronic toxicity ...
Kishi R - - 2001
To investigate the threshold effects of chronic low-level occupational exposure to styrene on color vision, we examined color discrimination in 105 male workers exposed to styrene (mean age 37.7 years; mean length of exposure 6.2 years; mean urinary concentration of mandelic acid 0.21 g/L) and in 117 referents (mean age ...
Imura K - - 2000
A developing child, with a high metabolic rate and low body stores of nutrients, is susceptible to metabolic disturbances due to surgical stress. For perioperative nutritional care of infants, the distinct physiologic features of their body fluids must be carefully considered. The postoperative metabolic response is the same as that ...
Tomoeda K - - 2000
The enzyme 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid dioxygenase (HPD) catalyzes the reaction of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid to homogentisic acid in the tyrosine catabolism pathway. A deficiency in the catalytic activity of HPD may lead to tyrosinemia type III, an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by elevated levels of blood tyrosine and massive excretion of tyrosine ...
Teplan V - - 2000
The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of a low-protein diet supplemented with keto acids-amino acids on renal function and urinary excretion of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI). In a prospective investigation 28 patients with CRI (16 male, 12 female, aged ...
Behari J R - - 2000
In this study an attempt has been made to examine the efficacy of meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) using galactosylated liposomes as carriers for mobilization of cadmium from the body of mice preexposed to cadmium chloride (0.005 mmoles/kg intraperitoneally daily for 4 days). Cadmium-exposed mice after a rest period of 8 weeks ...
Yasuda T - - 2000
As a part of our studies on the metabolism of natural compounds, gallic acid was orally administered to rats. The urinary metabolites were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography, and their structures were determined to be pyrogallol (M1), pyrogallol-1-O-beta-D-glucuronide (M2), 4-O-methylgallic acid-3-O-sulfate (M3), 2-O-methylpyrogallol-1-O-beta-D-glucuronide (M4), 2-O-methylpyrogallol (M5), 4-O-methylgallic acid (M6), and ...
Iwami Y - - 2000
It has been supposed that rate of sorbitol metabolism in the air-exposed streptococcal cells could be limited by the low capacity to regenerate nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) from reduced NAD (NADH) following inactivation of pyruvate formate-lyase by oxygen. The rate-limiting steps, however, have not been identified. The aim of this ...
Konya E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The effect of ethyl icosapentate (EPA-E) on urinary calcium and oxalic acid excretion was examined to evaluate whether EPA-E is useful in the prevention of calcium-containing urinary stones. METHODS: For 6 months, urine was measured daily from 40 calcium-containing urinary stone producers at an outpatient clinic, before and after ...
Tandon S K - - 2000
The influence of thiamine on the efficacy of meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), diethyldimercapto succinate (DEDMS), alpha mercapto-beta-(2-furyl) acrylic acid (MFA) and alpha-mercapto-beta-(2-thienyl) acrylic acid (MTA) to mobilize cadmium and reverse cadmium-induced biochemical alterations was investigated in cadmium-exposed rats. The thiamine coadministration enhanced the efficacy of MFA and MTA in reducing hepatic ...
Miller M A - - 2000
Abnormalities in acid-base regulation have previously been reported both in hypertensive humans and animals and a link between abnormalities in renal sodium handling and acid excretion may be particularly important in black hypertensives. The objectives of this study were to compare indices of urinary acid excretion (urinary pH, ammonium and ...
Vree T B - - 2000
Eighty per cent of codeine is conjugated with glucuronic acid to codeine-6-glucuronide. Only 5% of the dose is O-demethylated to morphine, which in turn is immediately glucuronidated at the 3- and 6-position and excreted renally. Based on the structural requirement of the opiate molecule for interaction with the mu-receptor to ...
Yoshisue K - - 2000
In this study, we examined the disposition, metabolism, and excretion of a novel cardioprotective agent, 3-(2,2, 2-trimethylhydrazinium)propionate dihydrate (MET-88), in rats. The disposition of MET-88 after oral and i.v. administration of 2, 20, and 60 mg/kg indicated that the pharmacokinetics of MET-88 were nonlinear. The profiles of radioactive MET-88 and ...
Dassler T - - 2000
A chromosomal fragment has been identified in a gene bank from Escherichia coli, which augmented the yield of cysteine in an industrial production strain. Subcloning and genetic analysis showed that an open reading frame coding for a product of 299 amino acids (Orf299) was responsible. Orf299 was synthesized in the ...
Tsujimoto Y - - 2000
A study was undertaken of the mercapturic acid metabolism of 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene in the rat. Of three regioisomeric dimethylbenzyl mercapturic acids, i.e. 2,4-, 2,5- and 3,4-dimethylbenzyl isomers, the third isomer was not found in the urinary mercapturic acid isolated by preparative HPLC, from the comparison of NMR spectrum of the isolate ...
Heil M - - 2000
Enantioselective multidimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (enantio-MDGC-MS) is a valuable tool for the differentiation of enantiomers from complex matrices when present in trace amounts. The separation of chiral compounds provides further information on the diagnosis of diseases, and on normal and abnormal biochemical pathways. The formation of the normal urinary metabolite ...
Vanbilloen H P - - 2000
A few years ago (99m)Tc-ethylenedicysteine ((99m)Tc-L,L-EC) had been proposed as an interesting substitute for technetium-99m labeled mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) as renal function tracer agent. It possesses in its structure two carboxylate functions and is in this respect different from other renal tracers such as (99m)Tc-N, N'-bis-(mercaptoacetyl)-2,3-diaminopropionate ((99m)Tc-CO(2)DADS), (99m)Tc-MAG3, and Hippuran, which ...
Bordel R - - 2000
In order to study protein degradation during flight in homing, a high-performance liquid chromatography technique was developed for the quantitative analysis of N tau-methylhistidine. Secondly, it was necessary to confirm that the excretion of N tau-methylhistidine correlates with myofilament breakdown in homing pigeons. In these experiments, ten birds were subcutaneously ...
Mikov I - - 2000
The possibility that urinary thioethers concentration might be a marker for detecting exposure to herbicide containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid dimethylamine (2,4-DMA) was investigated in animals. Mice were treated with the herbicide containing 2,4-DMA consecutively for 4 days. Urinary concentrations of thioethers related either to body weight or creatinine concentration in urine ...
VanSteenhouse J L - - 2000
1-Cyano-3,4-epithiobutane (CEB), a naturally occurring nitrile derived from cruciferous plants, causes nephrotoxicity in male Fischer 344 rats. Nephrotoxicity induced by CEB is dependent on glutathione (GSH) conjugation and bioactivation. Conjugation with GSH and subsequent metabolism leads to the formation of specific urinary metabolites. The objectives of the present study were ...
Yasuda M - - 2000
Production of guanidinoacetic acid, a precursor of creatinine is known to be reduced by metabolic disturbance when kidney function is damaged, and thus it may be a sensitive marker of renal damage. Therefore, the urinary levels of guanidinoacetic acid, creatinine and creatine from patients with urinary tract neoplasm who received ...
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