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Wang Yin-Lin YL School of Dentistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Clinical Dentistry, School of Dentistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
Most soft drinks are acidic in nature. Regular consumption of these drinks may result in dental erosion. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the erosive potential of different soft drinks in Taiwan by a novel multiple erosive method. Four commercially available soft drinks in Taiwan were selected ...
Vleggaar Danny - - 2014
Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) is a synthetic, biocompatible, biodegradable polymer. For its use in soft tissue augmentation, it is supplied as a lyophilized powder containing PLLA microparticles, the size and chemical attributes of which are tightly controlled. As a biocompatible material, PLLA generates a desired subclinical inflammatory tissue response that leads ...
Hatta Hideki H Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama-shi, Toyama 930-0194, - - 2014
Decalcification procedures are required in order to prepare histopathological preparations of hard tissues such as bone and teeth. Decalcification is usually performed by immersing the hard tissue in different decalcification fluids with various properties. These decalcification fluids typically include inorganic and organic acids, a neutral fluid containing a chelating agent, ...
Guerra Mayamarú M Unidad de Tecnología Laser y Optoelectrónica and Unidad de Geoquímica, Instituto Zuliano de Investigaciones Tecnológicas, Km 15 Carretera Via a La Cañada, Maracaibo 4001, - - 2014
Yellow band disease (YBD) is a common and wide-spread Caribbean syndrome that affects the genus Orbicella, a group of species that constitute the framework of Caribbean coral reefs. Previous studies have shown that the structure and function of bacterial assemblages vary between healthy tissues and YBD lesions; however, how the ...
Perut Francesca - - 2014
Malignant tumors show intense glycolysis and, as a consequence, high lactate production and proton efflux activity. We investigated proton dynamics in osteosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and chondrosarcoma, and evaluated the effects of esomeprazole as a therapeutic agent interfering with tumor acidic microenvironment. All sarcomas were able to survive in an acidic microenvironment ...
Choi Seong Ho - - 2013
We hypothesized that exogenous fatty acids, and especially or 18:2 trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), would decrease adipogenic and lipogenic gene expression and de novo fatty acid biosynthesis in intramuscular (i.m.) and subcutaneous (s.c.) adipose tissues. Fresh i.m. and s.c. adipose tissues were collected from the longissimus thoracis muscle ...
Aboudzadeh Ali - - 2013
New supramolecular ionic networks are synthesized by proton transfer reaction between a bio-based fatty diamine molecule (Priamine 1074) and a series of naturally occurring carboxylic acids such as malonic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid. The resulting solid soft material exhibits a thermoreversible transition becoming a viscoelastic liquid ...
Perut Francesca F Laboratory for Orthopaedic Pathophysiology and Regenerative Medicine, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Malignant tumors show intense glycolysis and, as a consequence, high lactate production and proton efflux activity. We investigated proton dynamics in osteosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and chondrosarcoma, and evaluated the effects of esomeprazole as a therapeutic agent interfering with tumor acidic microenvironment. All sarcomas were able to survive in an acidic microenvironment ...
Sundaram Hema H Rockville, Md.; Fairfax, Va.; and Milan, Italy From private - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to present new rheologic data for hyaluronic acid filler products, correlate them with recent tissue integration studies, and provide a scientific rationale for selecting appropriate products for volume replacement within different tissue levels and anatomical zones. A brief overview of the methodology of filler ...
Cárdenas Carlos - - 2013
By computing the electron-transfer energies for two million simulated double acid-base exchange reactions, we assess the reliability of the global hard-soft acid-base (HSAB) principle. We find that the HSAB principle is often thwarted by the tendency of strong acids to prefer strong bases. We define the strong-weak and hard-soft driving ...
Sledzinski Tomasz - - 2013
Fatty acids containing a cyclopropane ring in their structure (cyclopropane FA) have been found in a wide variety of bacteria, a number of protozoa, and Myriapoda. Little is known about cyclopropane FA in mammal, especially in human tissues. The present study deals with the identification of cyclopropane FA in adipose ...
Aremu Adeyemi O - - 2013
Merwilla plumbea (Lindl.) Speta is an important medicinal plant widely used in traditional medicine. We evaluated the effect of five cytokinins [benzyladenine (BA), 2-isopentenyladenine (2iP), meta-topolin (mT), meta-topolin riboside (mTR), and meta-methoxy-9-tetrahydropyran-2-yl-topolin (MemTTHP)] on the level of phenolic acids and antioxidant activity of M. plumbea during the tissue culture and ...
Bendig Paul - - 2013
Brominated vegetable oil (BVO) is frequently used as a solubility transmitter in soft drinks. Being banned in Europe and Japan but permitted in the United States and Canada, there is a need for analytical methods suitable for use in food control. Brominated fatty acids in BVO are usually determined by ...
Ayers Paul W - - 2013
We show that the hard∕soft acid∕base principle holds when electron-transfer effects are dominant and the weaker acid and stronger base are harder than the other acidic and basic reagents. In this case the preference of strong acids for strong bases and weak acids for weak bases reinforces the preference of ...
Ezzedini Rana - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillar hypertrophy cells appear to have an altered lipid metabolism as evidenced by modulated inflammatory cytokines that affect tissue lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in tissue fat composition between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and recurrent infective tonsillitis (RT) in children. METHODS: Tonsillar tissues ...
Albenzio M - - 2013
The present study was undertaken to produce functional Scamorza cheese from Gentile di Puglia ewe milk by incorporating probiotic strains into the cheese matrix and to evaluate the physicochemical characteristics of Scamorza ewe milk cheese. Gentile di Puglia ewe bulk milk was used for Scamorza cheese production. Cheeses were denoted ...
Fakhari A A Bioengineering Graduate Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, - - 2013
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a naturally occurring biodegradable polymer with a variety of applications in medicine, including scaffolding for tissue engineering, dermatological fillers and viscosupplementation for osteoarthritis treatment. HA is available in most connective tissues in body fluids such as synovial fluid and the vitreous humor of the eye. HA ...
Lluch Cristina - - 2013
A set of thermoplastic polyurethanes is synthesized, combining undecylenic acid-derived telechelic diols as soft segments and 1,4-butanediol/4,4'-methylenebis(phenylisocyanate) as a hard segment (HS). These polymers are fully chemically and physically characterized by means of NMR and Fourier transform IR (FTIR) spectroscopy, size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), DSC, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), tensile testing, and ...
Chao Chih-Hua - - 2013
Three new steroidal carboxylic acids, paraminabic acids A-C (1-3) were isolated from a Formosan soft coral Paraminabea acronocephala. The structures of these compounds were established by extensive spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. Application of the PGME method allowed the establishment of the absolute configurations at C-25 and C-24 for 1 ...
Griepentrog Gregory J GJ Oculoplastic, Facial Cosmetic, and Orbital Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53226, USA. - - 2013
To examine with histology the anatomical location of hyaluronic acid gel injected to the infraorbital hollows of cadaver specimens. The authors dissected 5 fresh hemifacial cadaver specimens following preperiosteal injection of hyaluronic acid gel to the infraorbital hollows. Following tissue fixation, full-thickness soft tissue sections were obtained along the medial, ...
Otsuka Yasunari - - 2012
A direct catalytic asymmetric γ-addition of allyl cyanide to aldehydes promoted by soft Lewis acid/hard Brønsted base cooperative catalysis is described. The resulting homoallylic alcohols bearing a Z-configured α,β-unsaturated nitrile allow rapid access to enantioenriched δ-valerolactones.
Sanders Lisa L Department of Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, - - 2013
Directed motility, or chemotaxis, is required for Helicobacter pylori to establish infection in the stomach, although the full repertoire of this bacterium's chemotactic responses is not yet known. Here we report that H. pylori responds to zinc as an attractant and nickel as a repellent. To reach this conclusion, we ...
Hiller Beate - - 2012
The effect of a 10-week supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids [via sunflower oil/DHA-rich algae (SUNA) or linseed oil/DHA-rich algae (LINA) enriched diets] versus saturated fatty acids (SAT) of lactating German Holstein dairy cows in mid-lactation on expression patterns of lipid metabolism-associated genes and gene products in hepatic, longissimus muscle and ...
Skórka Agata - - 2012
It has been suggested that a deficiency in folic acid during early, critical central nervous system development may result in persistent cognitive and behavioral effects. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence regarding whether folic acid supplementation during pregnancy and early life influences mental performance outcomes in ...
Blum Monika - - 2012
Resonant inelastic soft x-ray scattering (RIXS) has been used to study the electronic structure of glycine and lysine in aqueous solution. Upon variation of the pH value of the solution from acidic to basic, major changes of the nitrogen K edge RIXS data are observed for both amino acids, which ...
Toral P G - - 2012
This study was conducted in lactating goats with the aim of measuring the deposition of trans-11 18:1 (vaccenic acid, VA) and the product of its Δ(9)-desaturation, cis-9, trans-11 18:2 (rumenic acid, RA), in the major tissues that are involved in lipid metabolism in the lactating ruminant (i.e., mammary secretory tissue, ...
Lattka Eva E Research Unit of Molecular Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany. - - 2013
Fetal supply with long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) during pregnancy is important for brain growth and visual and cognitive development and is provided by materno-fetal placental transfer. We recently showed that maternal fatty acid desaturase (FADS) genotypes modulate the amounts of LC-PUFA in maternal blood. Whether FADS genotypes influence the amounts of ...
Schmidt Rebecca J - - 2012
Periconceptional folate is essential for proper neurodevelopment. Maternal folic acid intake was examined in relation to the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and developmental delay (DD). Families enrolled in the CHARGE (CHildhood Autism Risks from Genetics and Environment) Study from 2003 to 2009 were included if their child had ...
Tinker Sarah C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The USA currently fortifies enriched cereal grain products (ECGP) with folic acid at 140 μg/100 g. In addition, folic acid can be voluntarily added to ready-to-eat cereals (RTEC) up to 400 μg/serving and it is found in many dietary supplements, most often at a dose of 400 μg. We ...
Li Xinming X Department of Chemistry, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454 USA, Tel: - - 2012
This highlight introduces the development of hydrogelators consisting of nucleobases, amino acids, and glycosides (i.e., molecular trinity), or nucleobases and amino acids (i.e., nucleopeptides). These novel small molecule hydrogelators self-assemble in water to form stable supramolecular nanofibers/hydrogels and exhibit useful biological properties (e.g., biocompatibility, biostability, and the ability to bind ...
Burrows T - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:There are limited validated tools available for the assessment of dietary intake in pediatric populations. This report describes a comparative validation study of selected fatty acid intakes in children assessed by food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), compared with erythrocyte membrane fatty acids.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Overall, 46 overweight and 47 healthy-weight children aged 5-12 years ...
Chiou Wen-Hua - - 2012
Enantiomeric syntheses of (-)-homopipecolic acid and (-)-pelletierine have been achieved by chiral resolution of tropanol followed by Baeyer-Villiger oxidation. The methodology provides a practical route for the synthesis of optically pure piperidines.
Sereda Oksana - - 2012
The application of imidazolinium and amidinium salts as soft Lewis acid organocatalysts is described. These salts were suitable catalysts for the activation of unsaturated thioesters in a Diels-Alder reaction and in the ring opening of thiiranes and epoxides. The products were isolated in good yields. The mild catalysts did not ...
Comba Andrea - - 2011
This article reviews the current knowledge and experimental research about the mechanisms by which fatty acids and their derivatives control specific gene expression involved during carcinogenesis. Changes in dietary fatty acids, specifically the polyunsaturated fatty acids of the ω-3 and ω-6 families and some derived eicosanoids from lipoxygenases, cyclooxygenases, and ...
Oliveri Ivan Pietro - - 2011
A consistent, reliable scale of Lewis basicity in dichloromethane for 26 bases, involving amines and nonprotogenic solvents, is presented. A Lewis acidic Zn(II) Schiff-base complex, involving formation of stable 1:1 adducts is used as reference acid. Evaluation of binding constants is achieved from spectrophotometric titrations, by the least-squares nonlinear regression ...
Nishiwaki Hisashi - - 2011
The larvicidal activity against Culex pipiens of all stereoisomers of dihydroguaiaretic acid (DGA) and secoisolariciresinol was measured, and these DGAs were found to be potent. Sixteen (-)-DGA derivatives were then newly synthesized to analyze their structure-activity relationship. Two derivatives monohydroxylated at the 3- or 4-position of the 7-phenyl group of ...
Craig Donald - - 2011
Equilibrating mixtures of allylic azide-containing allylic alcohols or allylic 2-tolylsulfonylacetic esters undergo Johnson-Claisen or Ireland-Claisen rearrangement reactions to give unsaturated γ-azidoesters and -acids, respectively. Decarboxylation of the acids under basic conditions gives azidosulfones, with moderate to high diastereoselectivity.
Kawai Takashi - - 2011
It is well-known that acetylsalicylic acid induces gastrointestinal complication. Recently, trefoil factor family has been reported as a mucosal protective factor. We focused on trefoil factor family as one of defensive system for gastrointestinal injuries. The aim of this trial was to evaluate trefoil factor family levels in the serum ...
Kim Jeong Ah - - 2011
Impressic acid, 3α,11α-dihydroxylup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid, is a lupane-type triterpenoid isolated from Acanthopanax koreanum, which has been used as a Korean folk medicine for rheumatism, hepatitis, diabetes, and inflammatory disorders. Recently, it was reported that impressic acid has inhibitory effects on the LPS-stimulated pro-inflammatory cytokine production in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells and ...
Thomas Lynda V - - 2011
Tissue engineering holds enormous challenges for materials science, wherein the ideal scaffold to be used is expected to be biocompatible, biodegradable and possess mechanical and physical properties that are suitable for target application. In this context, we have prepared degradable polyesters in different ratios by a simple polycondensation technique with ...
Lee Ji E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress play a key role in the pathogenesis of multiple system atrophy. METHODS: We evaluated the influence of serum uric acid levels on disease progression in 52 patients with multiple system atrophy using changes in the annualized Unified Multiple System ...
Fratter Andrea - - 2011
A new nanoemulsifing system has been developed. This study refers to an innovative association of polysorbate 80 and palmitic ester of l-ascorbic acid for the production of good stability and very thin nanostructured emulsions with average micellar diameter size ranging from 100 to 300 nm. This system has showed to be ...
Adami Roger C - - 2011
We demonstrate a systematic and rational approach to create a library of natural and modified, dialkylated amino acids based upon arginine for development of an efficient small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery system. These amino acids, designated DiLA₂ compounds, in conjunction with other components, demonstrate unique properties for assembly into monodisperse, ...
Lu Hsien-Tsung - - 2011
An oleic acid-based microemulsion system with a member of the Tween series or Cremophor EL as the surfactant and a short-chain alcohol as the cosolvent was developed for rapid-onset intranasal delivery of sildenafil. The phase behaviour and solubilization capacity of the microemulsion system were characterized, and nasal absorption of sildenafil ...
Asiello Peter J - - 2011
Micro-Total Analysis Systems (µTAS) for use in on-site rapid detection of DNA or RNA are increasingly being developed. Here, amplification of the target sequence is key to increasing sensitivity, enabling single-cell and few-copy nucleic acid detection. The several advantages to miniaturizing amplification reactions and coupling them with sample preparation and ...
Wang Huaimin - - 2011
Here we reported on the first example of a Folic acid-based molecular hydrogel with nanosphere morphology as a delivery system for Taxol.
Jain Ramya - - 2011
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade) is widely used in ethnomedicine for its hepatoprotective, anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. The major active components documented are glycoalkaloids (solamargine, solasonine and solanine), glycoproteins and polysaccharides apart from polyphenols (gallic acid, catechin, protocatechuic acid, caffeic acid, epicatecin, rutin and naringenin). It is mainly used in ...
Schwarz Emanuel - - 2011
Cannabis consumption is a well known risk factor for the onset of schizophrenia and evidence accumulates that the endocannabinoid system may play a central role in the disease etiology. Using a clinical bioinformatics approach, we have previously found primary fatty acid amides, which are linked to the endocannabinoid system, to ...
Li Zhen-Yu - - 2010
A metabolomic investigation of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) rats was carried out. Plasma obtained from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats treated by CUMS was analyzed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Thirty-seven metabolites were identified among the detected compounds. Subsequent data analysis using the t test and principal component analysis (PCA) revealed significant ...
Giovannelli A - - 2011
Plasma corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) and urocortin are elevated in preterm labour and/or fetal growth restriction (FGR). FGR is associated with reduced placental system A amino acid transporter activity and in vitro data suggest altered endocrine status could be responsible. Here we test the hypothesis that CRF and urocortin inhibit placental ...
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