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Results 351 - 400 of 1227
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Marchesini G G Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, Unit of Metabolic Diseases, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. - - 2000
To investigate the effects of hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia on amino acid disposal in human obesity. Four sequential experimental conditions: (1) overnight fasting; (2) hyperglycaemia with hyperinsulinaemia (2 h hyperglycaemic clamp at 11 mmol/l); (3) hyperglycaemia with basal insulin (1 h hyperglycaemic clamp during somatostatin infusion), (4) hyperglycaemia with resuming hyperinsulinaemia ...
Zunic G - - 2000
Plasma nitrate + nitrite (nitrates), as final NO products, and free amino acid pool (FAAP) characteristics, as indicators of protein/amino acid metabolism, were analyzed in the early (30 min) period following blast injury. The experiments were performed on 27 rabbits subjected to pulmonary blast injury (experimental group) or not exposed ...
Rosqvist S - - 2000
Hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA) and methylhexahydrophthalic anhydride (MHHPA) are two highly allergenic compounds used in the chemical industry. A method was developed for quantification of protein adducts of HHPA and MHHPA in human plasma. The plasma was dialysed and the anhydrides were hydrolysed from the proteins at mild acidic conditions. The ...
Pai G S - - 2000
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a progressive demyelinating disorder whose neurological signs and symptoms can manifest in childhood as cerebral ALD or in adulthood in the form of a progressive myelopathy (AMN). The consistent metabolic abnormality in all forms of X-ALD is an inherited defect in the peroxisomal beta-oxidation of very ...
Leyton M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Recently we reported that, in vervet monkeys, ingestion of an amino acid mixture deficient in the catecholamine precursors, phenylalanine and tyrosine, produced a decrease in alcohol self-administration. We now report the results of a similar study in humans. METHODS: Three groups of healthy female social drinkers were administered a ...
Hvas A M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To investigate physicians' reasons for requesting plasma methylmalonic acid and their reactions to an increased concentration of plasma methylmalonic acid. DESIGN: Study of medical records. SETTING: Three somatic district hospitals in Denmark. SUBJECTS: Medical records of 198 patients with a plasma methylmalonic acid measurement above the reference interval. Information ...
Yaqoob P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that dietary fish oil (FO) supplementation alters cytokine production and other functional activities of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). However, few of these studies have been placebo controlled and few have related the functional changes to alterations in PBMC fatty acid composition PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Zanker I A - - 2000
Calves are born with a mostly inadequate essential amino acid (EAA) status. Studies were designed to test the hypothesis that delaying the intake of the first colostrum for 24 h, besides its early effects, also has late effects on plasma free amino acid levels and on the protein status. There ...
Furuta S - - 2000
1. The relationship between plasma levels of a new H2-receptor antagonist, Z-300, and an active sulphoxide metabolite, and inhibitory effects on gastric acid secretion after intravenous or oral administration to dog have been examined. After both routes of administration, Z-300 in plasma eliminated with two phases, and the terminal half-lives ...
Tsai P J - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Plasma levels of circulating free amino acids reflect the net status of protein breakdown and synthesis, and may be linked to various disease states. We studied circadian variations in plasma concentrations of neutral and basic amino acids during a 24-hour period in healthy young men who consumed ...
Croset M - - 2000
Unsaturated lysophosphatidylcholines (lysoPtdCho) bound to albumin circulate in blood plasma and seem to be a novel transport system for carrying polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to tissues that are rich in these fatty acids, such as the brain. The potential of these lysoPtdCho as a significant source of PUFA for cells ...
Walker V - - 2000
Secondary amino acid disturbances from circulatory responses during hypoxia may cause problems in interpreting plasma amino acid profiles of sick babies investigated for possible inherited defects. Systematic studies to characterise them are difficult in man. We investigated the effects of hypoxia on plasma amino acids by studying 9 late gestation ...
Fornstedt-Wallin B - - 1999
In the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid is the substrate for formation of the excitotoxin quinolinic acid by 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid 3, 4-dioxygenase. This study was designed to characterize the effects on 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid after treatment with the 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid 3,4-dioxygenase inhibitor 4, 6-di-bromo-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (NCR-631) in Sprague-Dawley rats. ...
Metges C C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The importance of urea nitrogen reutilization in the amino acid economy of the host remains to be clarified. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to explore the transfer of (15)N from orally administered [(15)N(2)]urea or (15)NH(4)Cl to plasma free and intestinal microbial amino acids. DESIGN: Six men received an L-amino acid ...
Sass J O - - 1999
Argininosuccinic acid synthetase deficiency (ASD) is a rare disorder of urea cycle metabolism, with pronounced citrullinemia and orotic aciduria being characteristic biochemical features. To further investigate the role of plasma orotic acid and its possible use for monitoring the metabolic status in ASD, we determined plasma orotic acid, amino acid, ...
Patterson B W - - 1999
Assessment of free fatty acid (FFA) concentration and isotopic enrichment is useful for studies of FFA kinetics in vivo. A new procedure to recover the major FFA from plasma for concentration and isotopic enrichment measurements is described and validated. The procedure involves extraction of plasma lipids with hexane, methylation with ...
Loguercio C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Ethanol abuse and liver cirrhosis cause a reduction of glutathione blood levels; liver cirrhosis induces an alteration of the plasma amino acid pattern. We evaluated whether or not ethanol abuse affects amino acid levels, particularly those that are involved in metabolizing glutathione in the plasma and erythrocytes of chronic ...
Sirichakwal P - - 1999
This preliminary investigation determined the plasma amino acid concentrations in 136 healthy subjects. The subjects were divided into four groups according to their ages: gr 1; 1-3 years, gr 2; 4-11 years, gr 3; 12-19 years and gr 4; 20-45 years. Comparing among the groups, the results showed that in ...
Gutierrez A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The microdialysis technique has been widely used for in vivo monitoring of the interstitial composition of several tissues. Remarkably high concentrations of taurine and glycerol were reported in a recent human study. As taurine and glycerol are predominantly present in the intracellular space, cellular trauma after probe insertion may ...
Morré D J - - 1999
Dipyridyl-dithio substrates were cleaved by isolated vesicles of plasma membranes prepared from etiolated hypocotyls of soybean. The cleavage was stimulated by auxins at physiological concentrations. The substrates utilized were principally 2,2'-dithiodipyridine (DTP) and 6,6'-dithiodinicotinic acid (DTNA). The DTP generated 2 moles of 2-pyridinethione whereas the 6,6'-dithiodinicotinic acid generated 2 moles ...
Wright P A - - 1999
This study examined the seasonal and reproductive influences on individual plasma amino acid concentrations and nitrogen metabolites in a black bear population (Ontario, Canada). During hibernation, 11 of 23 plasma amino acids were significantly higher (13%-108%) in lactating than in nonlactating females, without an alteration in plasma total protein or ...
Fujita T - - 1999
Pipecolic acid is regarded as a gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor agonist. Stereochemical studies of pipecolic acid were performed in patients with chronic liver diseases. Plasma D- and L-pipecolic acid were significantly elevated in 15 liver cirrhotic patients with no history of hepatic encephalopathy (1.05+/-0.24 micromol/l, 1.58+/-0.13 micromol/l, p < 0.01) and ...
Totzke U - - 1999
Populations of scavenging seabird species in the North Sea may fluctuate with an artificial food source: the availability of fishery waste. To document this impact, it is necessary to assess the birds' nutritional status during periods with decreased fishing activity. Reference data for this purpose was collected from 22 herring ...
Le Floc'h N - - 1999
Whole blood (WB) and plasma (P) amino acid transfers across the portal drained viscera and the liver were determined during 6 h of a constant p-aminohippuric acid infusion in three hourly-fed Landrace x Large-White pigs (30.5 kg, mean live weight) surgically prepared with chronically inserted catheters in a mesenteric vein ...
Ferreira M L - - 1999
The effect of cold exposure (0 degrees C, 1 h) on free fatty acid (FFA) mobilization and plasma glucose was studied in freely moving male rats injected with adrenergic blockers (phentolamine or propranolol) into the medial preoptic area (MPOA). The rats were implanted with chronic jugular catheters for blood sampling ...
Jauniaux E - - 1999
The concentration of 23 free amino acids was measured in homogenates of fetal liver and samples of fetal plasma from 20 pregnancies between 12 and 17 weeks gestation and compared with those found in matched samples of maternal plasma and amniotic fluid. A feto-maternal plasma concentration gradient was observed for ...
Zaitseva I - - 1999
Plasma fatty acids from renal and hepatic veins, and arterialized hand vein obtained in 20 subjects before and after insulin infusion were separated by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography following phenacyl esterification. Separation and quantification over the range 1.0-100 nmol per injection of nine fatty acids was achieved within 60 min ...
Stein T P - - 1999
The plasma amino acid distribution patterns were measured before, during and after flight on the Space Shuttle. The plasma samples were collected from the four payload crewmembers of the 1993 SLS-2 Columbia Shuttle mission. Samples were taken 45, 15 and 8 d before flight; inflight on days 2, 8 and ...
Bates C J - - 1999
We describe a procedure for the measurement of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate and of 4-pyridoxic acid in human plasma samples. It is based on the conversion of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate to 4-pyridoxic acid 5'-phosphate by cyanide in alkaline medium, followed by a high pressure liquid chromatographic separation, with fluorescence detection at acid pH. ...
Stepuro I I - - 1999
Glycosylated amino acids and glycosylated human serum albumin reduce nitrite to nitric oxide under anaerobic conditions. The amount of nitric oxide produced was recorded by generation of nitrosoHb from deoxyHb. Without preincubation after the addition of sodium nitrite, glucose or a mixture of glucose with amino acid or serum albumin ...
Surarit R - - 1999
Maple syrup urine disease is a rare inborn error of metabolism, characterized by elevated plasma levels of branched chain amino acids and urinary excretion of branched chain keto acids. Plasma amino acid levels in two subjects were followed by deproteinizing plasma, derivatizing the free amino acids with phenylisothiocyanate, and analysis ...
Schwahn B - - 1998
Protein turnover is a cyclic process with a net loss of protein in the (catabolic) fasted state and a net gain in the (anabolic) fed state. In maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) the early block of degradation of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) brings about the opportunity for evaluation of ...
Miller G J - - 1998
Factor VII activity (FVIIc), a reported risk factor for fatal coronary heart disease, increases transiently after a fat-rich meal. The response shows dose-response characteristics and peak FVIIc and triglyceride concentrations above fasting levels tend to be positively associated. The mechanism is incompletely understood, but appears to require factor IX and ...
Shishehbor F - - 1998
Previous studies in this laboratory have elicited a monophasic response in postprandial plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) level with fat intakes of 0.5 g fat/kg body weight accompanied by about 17 g carbohydrate as lactose. Recent studies involving the same level of fat with a higher level of carbohydrate, 136 g of ...
Agli A N - - 1998
To investigate the participation of erythrocytes in the blood transport of amino acids during the course of intestinal absorption in humans, erythrocyte and plasma amino-acid concentrations were determined following ingestion of an oral load of amino acids. In addition to baseline plasma and erythrocyte amino acid concentrations in 18 subjects, ...
Lurie I S - - 1998
The separation of strongly basic, moderately basic, weakly basic, strongly acidic, moderately acidic, weakly acidic, and neutral compounds in a single run using capillary electrochromatography (CEC) is presented. This is accomplished using a 3-μm CEC Hypersil C8 capillary with high organic content acetonitrile/phosphate (pH 2.5) mobile phases containing hexylamine. Fifteen ...
Oxholm P - - 1998
In 41 primary Sjögren's syndrome patients we compared fatty acid levels within erythrocyte phospholipids, plasma phospholipids, plasma triglycerides and plasma cholesterol esters, with the immunopathological and clinical disease status. Docosahexaenoic acid was the essential fatty acid (EFA), the levels of which correlated (inversely) most closely with the clinical disease status ...
Simon A H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: In normal subjects, protein loading with soybean meal does not produce the same renal haemodynamic effects as those observed with a beef meal. The renal responses of an acute protein load in the form of chicken meal is unknown. METHODS: To examine whether the renal response to a chicken ...
Selldén E - - 1998
Intraoperative infusion of amino acids stimulates oxygen uptake with a resulting increase in heat production, especially during emergence from anesthesia. To determine whether the increased thermogenesis in response to amino acid infusion during and after anesthesia induces any additional stress in surgical patients, plasma catecholamines were measured. Fourteen patients aged ...
Moyano D D Serveis de Bioquímica Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, - - 1998
To evaluate the amino acid profile in a group of adolescents with anorexia nervosa, and to apply alternative ways of presenting and assessing results, so as to increase the information available for understanding the metabolic abnormalities developed in these patients. Plasma amino acid concentrations of a random group of patients ...
Caussé E - - 1998
Homocysteine (Hcy) represents a branching point between the transsulfuration and transmethylation pathway of methionine. A large increase of plasma concentration of Hcy is observed in patients with inherited hyperhomocysteinemia. A moderated increase (above 10 microM) is also observed in various pathological conditions, such as arterial occlusion, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and chronic ...
Skedina M A - - 1998
Ten subjects (from 27 to 41 years) have been participated in 32 experiments. They were decompressed from ground level to 40-35 kPa in altitude chamber when breathed 100% oxygen by mask and performed repeated cycles of exercises (3.0 Kcal/min). The intervals between decompressions were 3-5 days. Plasma lipid and erythrocyte ...
Konrad S D - - 1998
The effect of dietary linoleic (C18:2n-6) and palmitic acids (C16:0) on rate of hepatic de novo fatty acid synthesis was assessed in normal subjects. The diet was formulated to provide combinations of high and low levels of C18:2n-6 and C16:0. After 21 days of diet treatment, plasma triacylglycerol level and ...
Campbell F M - - 1998
Relatively high concentrations of leptin are present in plasma and it is thought to play a major role in lipid homeostasis. Leptin is reported to lower tissue triglyceride content by increasing intracellular oxidation of free fatty acids (FFA). However very little is known regarding the interaction between leptin and plasma ...
Carvalho E - - 1998
PURPOSE: The synthesis of chemically stable triazene prodrugs capable of hydrolysing under physiological conditions to liberate cytotoxic monomethyltriazene alkylating agents. METHODS: A series of 3-aminoacyl-1-aryl-3-methyltriazenes was synthesised through reaction of 1-aryl-3-methyltriazenes with N-BOC protected amino acids using the DCC method of activation, followed by deprotection of the amino function using ...
Kirvelä O - - 1998
Infusions of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) have been shown to have several CNS-mediated effects including antinociceptive action. We investigated the effects of BCAA infusion on pain perception, respiratory control, and plasma monoamine concentrations. Six healthy female volunteers were given in a double-blind, random, crossover design an 8-h infusion (1.75 ...
Esteve M - - 1998
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have increased plasma n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients persists six months after colectomy, suggesting a primary abnormality in fatty acid (FA) metabolism in IBD. This finding needed to be confirmed in a larger series of UC long-term colectomized ...
Johnson H J - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of renal function on the elimination and disposition of mycophenolic acid and its glucuronide metabolite (MPAG) after oral administration of the pro-drug mycophenolate mofetil. In addition, this study sought to examine hemodialysis removal of mycophenolic acid and its MPAG. Subjects ...
Zhou S L - - 1998
To explain the increased plasma mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase (mAspAT) observed in alcoholics, we cultured HepG2 hepatoma cells in ethanol. Acute (24 hour) exposure to 0, 20, 40, or 80 mmol/L ethanol produced a dose-dependent (r = .98) increase in mAspAT messenger RNA (mRNA) of < or = thirteen-fold, with no ...
Kingsbury K J - - 1998
AIM: There is little information on the plasma free amino acid patterns of elite athletes against which fatigue and nutrition can be considered. Therefore the aim was to include analysis of this pattern in the medical screening of elite athletes during both especially intense and light training periods. METHODS: Plasma ...
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