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Results 301 - 350 of 1225
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de Azevedo L C - - 2002
The effects of intracerebroventricular pretreatment with muscarinic (scopolamine or methylscopolamine; 2.7 nmol or 5.4 nmol) or nicotinic (mecamylamine, 2.7 nmol or 5.4 nmol) cholinergic receptor antagonists on plasma free fatty acid increases induced by intracerebroventricular injections of carbachol in conscious resting pigeons (Columba livia) were examined. Plasma glucose levels were ...
Wilson Robert - - 2002
Lipid peroxidation products formed in vivo or originating from the diet may lead to atherosclerosis. However, little is known about the absorption of these products in man. We studied the absorption of fat (30 g) containing 14-15 mg [U-13C]-labeled hydroxy or dihydroxy triglycerides in two groups of six apparently healthy ...
Bajoria Rekha - - 2002
Current evidence suggests that reduced placental transport of amino acids regulates fetal growth. We determined the association between fetal nutrition and the insulin-IGF axis by measuring the plasma concentrations of amino acids, insulin, IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) in maternal and cord blood from gestational age-matched dichorionic (DC) twins with ...
Svasti J - - 2001
Analysis of plasma free amino acid levels is important for diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism. Traditionally, this is performed using commercially available dedicated amino acid analyzers, but few such instruments are available in Thailand, and many are not used in routine operations. Here, the authors describe the analysis of ...
Costarelli V - - 2001
Bile acids derived from intestinal bacterial metabolism and transported to the breast in plasma may influence risk of breast cancer. The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that fatty acid chain length and degree of unsaturation differ with regard to their influence on the postprandial release ...
McGorum B C - - 2001
To determine whether equine dysautonomia (ED) is associated with alterations in plasma amino acid metabolism, plasma amino acid profiles were determined for horses with acute (n = 10), subacute (n = 6) and chronic (n = 7) ED and for healthy cograzing horses (n = 6) and control horses (n ...
Maynar M - - 2001
The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the changes induced by the menopause in plasma lipids and total fatty acids. METHODS: 35 post-menopausal and 25 non-postmenopausal women were included in the study. Plasma triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and HDL-C concentrations were detemined enzymatically. Plasma fatty acids were ...
Haddad R - - 2001
Trap and release membrane introduction mass spectrometry (T&R-MIMS) using a removable direct insertion membrane probe (DIMP) is employed to determine the total homocysteine concentration (tHcy) directly from human plasma after derivatization with ethyl chloroformate. The method uses no chromatographic separation, is linear, reproducible, and displays limit of quantitation (2 pM) ...
Williams R H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Plasma "redox" status can be assessed by measurements of reduced (r)-, free (f)-, oxidized (ox)-, and protein-bound (b)-homocysteine (Hcy) plus the related aminothiols cysteine, cysteinylglycine (CysGly), and glutathione (GSH), but sample collection has been complex. The redox status has not been determined in ischemic stroke patients and may provide ...
Brückner H - - 2001
Free D-amino acids were ascertained in the blood serum, urine and aqueous ethanolic extracts of feces of germ-free laboratory rats and a rat made gnotobiotic (tetra-associated) with species of Streptococcus, Lactobacillus and Clostridium. D-Amino acids were also determined in the brains of two germ-free rats. For comparison, D-amino acids were ...
Kyrklund C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Concomitant use of fibrates with statins has been associated with an increased risk of myopathy, but the underlying mechanism of this adverse reaction remains unclear. Our aim was to study the effects of bezafibrate and gemfibrozil on the pharmacokinetics of lovastatin. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, 3-phase crossover ...
Menéndez L G - - 2001
Many contradictory results have been published on the stability of total non-esterified fatty acids in blood, plasma and serum under different storage conditions. The present study was undertaken to investigate the stability of non-esterified fatty acids, measured with an enzymatic method, in samples of EDTA-treated plasma and serum under different ...
Van Dijk W - - 2001
Increased fucosylation of the type (sialyl) Lewis(x) was detected on the acute-phase plasma protein alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP) in patients with the congenital disorder of glycosylation type IA. This is remarkable, because in these patients the biosynthesis of guanosine 5'-diphosphate (GDP)-D-mannose is strongly decreased, and GDP-D-mannose is the direct precursor for ...
D'Aniello G - - 2001
The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of free L-amino acids and in particular of L-arginine in the plasma of pregnant women affected by preeclampsia compared to healthy pregnant women in order to know if an alteration in the concentrations of these amino acids occurs in preeclamspia. ...
Ebeling P - - 2001
AIM: We investigated the effect of carbohydrate availability and euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemia on intramuscular and plasma amino acids in 14 healthy men (age 26.5 +/- 0.9 years, b.m.i. 22.9 +/- 0.5 kg/m2). METHODS: Insulin was infused (1.5 mU/kg/min) for 240 min both after a carbohydrate depleting exercise and after carbohydrate loading. ...
Sulochana K N - - 2001
AIMS: The actin filaments present in circulating leukocytes facilitate their passage through microvenules and capillaries by helping in their deformability. Decreased deformability of granulocytes is now known to cause occlusion of the retinal microcapillaries leading to hypoxia and the subsequent development of diabetic retinopathy. Structural and functional loss of proteins, ...
Sanders T A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An elevated postprandial lipid concentration is believed to be atherogenic and to increase the risk of thrombosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test whether the consumption of a stearic acid-rich structured triacylglycerol has adverse effects on postprandial fibrinolytic activity and lipemia, factor VII coagulant (FVII:c) activity, and activated FVII ...
Samuelsen O B - - 2001
The pharmacokinetic properties of the antibacterial agents oxolinic acid and flumequine were studied in corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops) after either intraperitoneal injection or bath treatment. Following intraperitoneal administration the peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) and the time to peak plasma concentrations (Tmax) were estimated to be 2.0 microg/mL and 12 h, ...
Ledochowski M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fructose malabsorption is characterized by the inability to absorb fructose efficiently. As a consequence fructose reaches the colon where it is broken down by bacteria to short fatty acids, CO2, H2, CH4 and lactic acid. Bloating, cramps, osmotic diarrhea and other symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are the consequence ...
Cabral M G - - 2001
Acquisition of resistance to lethal concentrations of octanoic acid was induced in cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown in the presence of sublethal concentrations of this lipophilic acid or following rapid exposure (1 h) of unadapted yeast cells to mild stress imposed by the same acid. Experimental evidence indicated that the ...
Klassen P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Plasma free amino acid patterns in health and disease have been reported. However, amino acid concentrations in adult populations in developing countries and in patients with dengue, as a model for an acute infectious viral disease endemic to the tropics, have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this ...
Olthof M R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In population studies, high intakes of coffee are associated with raised concentrations of plasma homocysteine, a predictor of risk of cardiovascular disease. Chlorogenic acid is a major polyphenol in coffee; coffee drinkers consume up to 1 g chlorogenic acid/d. OBJECTIVE: We studied whether chlorogenic acid affects plasma total homocysteine ...
Nakayama H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The amount of dehydroascorbic acid contained within total ascorbic acid (oxidized as well as non-oxidized forms) in plasma, hereafter referred to as the dehydroascorbic acid fraction, may be a measure of oxidative stress during haemodialysis. In the present study, we determined this fraction in chronic haemodialysis patients. METHODS: Using ...
Matsukawa T - - 2001
A method for determination of alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) and [4,5,5,5,6,6,6-2H7]alpha-ketoisocaproic acid ([2H7]KIC) in rat plasma was developed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-selected ion monitoring (GC-MS-SIM). [5,5,5-2H3]alpha-Ketoisocaproic acid ([2H3]KIC) was used as an analytical internal standard to account for losses associated with the extraction, derivatization and chromatography. The keto acids were extracted ...
Mydlík M - - 2001
Oxalic acid is one of the well-known uremic toxins that participates in the pathogenesis of uremic syndrome. Secondary hyperoxalemia is a common feature in patients with chronic renal failure, but oxalate removal is not adequately accomplished by renal replacement therapy. In our series of patients, the plasma level of oxalic ...
Shaw L M - - 2001
Mycophenolate mofetil is widely used in combination with either cyclosporine or tacrolimus for rejection prophylaxis in renal and heart transplant patients. Although not monitored routinely nearly to the degree that other agents such as cyclosporine or tacrolimus, there is an expanding body of experimental evidence for the utility of monitoring ...
Yoneda T - - 2001
Plasma levels of amino acids were measured by ion-exchange, high-pressure liquid chromatography in 30 ambulatory patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; mean +/- SD: age 64 +/- 13 y and forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1] 0.85 +/- 0.25 L) and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects ...
Rouch C - - 2001
The role of tryptophan and its competitor large neutral amino acids, proposed earlier for serotonin synthesis following carbohydrate or protein ingestion, was reassessed in relation to a recent study investigating serotonin release, including the so far unknown effects of fats. In the present study, meals of either carbohydrates, casein, or ...
Jenni-Eiermann S - - 2001
This study investigated the postexercise metabolism of six species of free-living, night-migrating passerine birds (European robin, pied flycatcher, wheatear, redstart, blackcap, and garden warbler). The birds were caught during autumn migration out of their nocturnal flight, and their metabolism changed from a fasting, highly active state to a fasting, resting ...
Li D - - 2001
This study investigated the correlation between the plasma phospholipid (PL) saturated fatty acid (SFA) concentration (as a surrogate marker of SFA intake) and plasma lipid and lipoprotein lipid concentrations in 139 healthy Australian men aged 20-55 years old with widely varying intakes of saturated fat (vegans, n=18; ovolacto vegetarians, n=43; ...
Pawlak D - - 2001
In patients that developed a chronic renal failure the augmentation in tryptophan degradation is reflected in the increase in plasma metabolites of kynurenine pathway. Hemodialysis is one of therapeutic approaches that significantly reduce all plasma kynurenine metabolites in uremic patients. In spite of haemodialysis, plasma concentration of kynurenine, kynurenic acid, ...
Jauniaux E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of chronic active maternal smoking on cord blood amino acid and enzyme levels at term. METHODS: The concentrations of 24 free amino acids, total protein, and five enzymes were measured in samples of maternal and fetal cord venous plasma from 24 nonsmokers who were not ...
Bajoria R - - 2000
To test the hypothesis that discordant growth in monochorionic (MC) twins occurs at least in part due to disparity in placental amino acid transporter function, we measured plasma amino acid levels by HPLC in maternal and fetal blood samples collected at birth from gestational age matched twins with (n = ...
Rizkalla S W - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of fermented dairy products induces changes in the equilibrium and metabolism of the intestinal microflora and may thus have beneficial effects on the host. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of chronic consumption of yogurt with (fresh) or without (heated) live bacterial cultures (Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus) on ...
Willker W - - 2000
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of blood plasma lipids from lyophilized plasma samples from patients with neurological disorders stored for several weeks in an evacuated exsiccator show characteristic differences compared to freshly lyophilized plasma samples. The main differences concern the unsaturated fatty acids, e.g., the extent of unsaturation and their ...
Loguercio C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Modifications in plasma amino acid patterns in cirrhotics are attributed to impaired liver function, being more evident in alcoholic than in viral cirrhosis. AIM: To evaluate whether diet influences plasma amino acid concentrations in different aetiological groups of cirrhotics. PATIENTS: Study population comprised 40 patients with cirrhosis (25 virus- ...
Iijima S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The development of abnormalities in red blood cell (RBC) deformability in patients undergoing hemodialysis remains a major problem, because it is related to peripheral microcirculation, oxygen supply, and various complications in such patients. gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA; 18:3n-6), one of the polyunsaturated fatty acids and a precursor of prostaglandin E(1), ...
Ravikumar A - - 2000
Catabolism of tryptophan and tyrosine in relation to the isoprenoid pathway was studied in neurological and psychiatric disorders. The concentration of trytophan, quinolinic acid, kynurenic acid, serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid was found to be higher in the plasma of patients with all these disorders; while that of tyrosine, dopamine, epinephrine ...
das Neves J - - 2000
The possible involvement of central noradrenergic and/or adrenergic circuits in central mechanisms controlling free fatty acids and glucose levels was investigated in conscious pigeons. The effects of intracerebroventricular injections of noradrenaline (80 nmol) or adrenaline (80 nmol) on plasma free fatty acids and glucose concentrations were examined. The possible role ...
Madörin M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To validate Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (RET) as method to monitor disintegration of fluorescently labeled liposomes varying in lysolecithin/oleic acid (equimolar) content, lysolecithin fatty acid composition and vesicle size in rat blood plasma and buffer. METHODS: NBD-PE and Rho-PE were used for RET. The measurements were performed on a ...
Chiarla C - - 2000
Although reports of decreased plasma taurine in trauma, sepsis and critical illness are available, very little is known about the relationships among changes in plasma taurine, other amino acid levels and metabolic variables. We analyzed a large series of plasma amino acid profiles obtained in trauma patients with sepsis who ...
Lind L - - 2000
Dyslipidaemia, with elevations of circulating triacylglycerols (triglycerides) and non-esterified (free) fatty acids, and hyperinsulinaemia are often found in the same subjects, the so-called 'insulin resistance syndrome'. The present study aims to investigate how elevated levels of non-esterified fatty acids, hyperinsulinaemia and the combination of these factors affects endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV). ...
Kotani A - - 2000
Determination of free fatty acids (FFAs) in control serum and human plasma was carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Peak height for palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, and arachidonic acids at a detection potential of -415 mV vs a saturated calomel electrode showed a linear relation to ...
Backman J T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Concomitant treatment with simvastatin and gemfibrozil, two lipid-lowering drugs, has been associated with occurrence of myopathy in case reports. The aim of this study was to determine whether gemfibrozil affects the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin and whether it affects CYP3A4 activity in vitro. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized crossover study with ...
Elliott D A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effect of maintenance hemodialysis on plasma amino acid concentrations and to quantitate free amino acid losses into the dialysate during hemodialysis in healthy dogs. ANIMALS: 8 healthy adult dogs. PROCEDURE: Five dogs received hemodialysis treatments 3 times per week for 4 weeks. Plasma amino acid concentrations ...
Rizzo W B - - 2000
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an inherited disorder associated with deficient oxidation of long-chain aliphatic alcohols. Previous studies have reported modest elevations in total (free + esterified) fatty alcohols in SLS, but free fatty alcohols have not been selectively measured, in part because of their low concentrations in most tissues and ...
Johnson D W - - 2000
A rapid method with potential to screen for many of the peroxisomal disorders using 5 microl of plasma or a 3-mm blood spot (3.6 microl blood impregnated on filter paper) is described. Fatty acids are liberated from plasma or blood spots and converted to dimethylaminoethyl esters. Trideuterated fatty acids, added ...
Fielding B A - - 2000
Plasma triacylglycerol concentrations increase after the acute ingestion of alcohol (specifically ethanol). However, the effect of ethanol when consumed with a mixed meal has not been well studied. The objective of the present study was to determine the perturbations of lipid metabolism that occur after ingestion of ethanol in combination ...
Marchesini G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia on amino acid disposal in human obesity. DESIGN: Four sequential experimental conditions: (1) overnight fasting; (2) hyperglycaemia with hyperinsulinaemia (2 h hyperglycaemic clamp at 11 mmol/l); (3) hyperglycaemia with basal insulin (1 h hyperglycaemic clamp during somatostatin infusion), (4) hyperglycaemia with ...
Zunic G - - 2000
Plasma nitrate + nitrite (nitrates), as final NO products, and free amino acid pool (FAAP) characteristics, as indicators of protein/amino acid metabolism, were analyzed in the early (30 min) period following blast injury. The experiments were performed on 27 rabbits subjected to pulmonary blast injury (experimental group) or not exposed ...
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