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Results 201 - 250 of 1226
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de Roos Baukje - - 2005
Dietary fatty acids have a profound impact on atherosclerosis, but mechanisms are not fully understood. We studied the effects of a saturated fat diet supplemented with fish oil, trans10,cis12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), or elaidic acid on lipid and glucose metabolism and liver protein levels of APOE*3 Leiden transgenic mice, ...
Guruge Keerthi S - - 2005
Concentrations and accumulation of 13 fluorinated organic compounds (FOCs) in human sera and seminal plasma were measured in an Asian developing country, Sri Lanka. Six of the FOCs, PFOS (perfluorooctanesulfonate), PFHS (perfluorohexanesulfonate), PFUnA (perfluoroundecanoic acid), PFDA (perfluorodecanoic acid), PFNA (perfluorononanoic acid) and PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid), were detected in all of ...
Grekin Roger J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic activity and renal norepinephrine spillover are increased in obese individuals. We have reported that infusion of nonesterified fatty acids increases blood pressure in animals through stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system. METHODS: In this study, we assessed the effect of increasing circulating nonesterified fatty acids on systemic and ...
Landys Meta M - - 2005
Migrating birds often complete long non-stop flights during which body energy stores exclusively support energetic demands. The metabolic correlates of such long-distance travel in free-living migrants are as yet poorly studied. Bar-tailed godwits, Limosa lapponica taymyrensis, undertake a 4500 km flight to their single spring stopover site and thus provide ...
Maillot F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The present study examines the kinetic of plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) after sequential ingestion of lunch and dinner as well as the contribution of dietary fat ingested at lunch to subsequent post-dinner TAG composition. METHOD: Six healthy subjects were included. After standardized breakfast (7: 30AM), 2 mixed meals with fat ...
Rordorf Christiane M - - 2005
Lumiracoxib (Prexige) is a selective cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor developed for the treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and acute pain. Lumiracoxib possesses a carboxylic acid group that makes it weakly acidic (acid dissociation constant [pKa] 4.7), distinguishing it from other selective COX-2 inhibitors. Lumiracoxib has good oral bioavailability (74%). It is ...
Matthias Anita - - 2005
Many studies have been done over the years to assess the effectiveness of Echinacea as an immunomodulator. We have assessed the potential bioavailability of alkyl- amides and caffeic acid conjugates using Caco-2 monolayers and compared it to their actual bioavailability in a Phase I clinical trial. The caffeic acid conjugates ...
Mannucci L - - 2005
Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is a disorder of dibasic amino acid transport secondary to mutation of the SLC7A7 gene characterized by renal failure, pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, lupus-like autoimmune symptoms and usually increased plasma citrulline. In order to better understand the underlying mechanism, we studied the plasma and urinary nitrite/nitrate (NO2-/NO3-) ...
Pisupati Jaya - - 2005
The authors evaluated the intraindividual and interindividual variations in the pharmacokinetics of mycophenolic acid after oral administration of mycophenolate mofetil in 10 liver transplant patients. Mycophenolic acid and its metabolite, mycophenolic acid glucuronide, were measured in plasma and urine by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The plasma protein binding of mycophenolic acid ...
Sterk Vanessa - - 2004
In this study we investigated the effects of concomitant food intake on the bioavailability of distinct boswellic acids (BAs) from the test preparation BSE-018, a dry extract from Boswellia serrata gum resin. In a randomised, open, single-dose, two-way crossover study, healthy male subjects received three capsules of BSE-018 equivalent to ...
Ost Anita - - 2005
A principal metabolic function of adipocytes is to synthesize triacylglycerol (TG) from exogenous fatty acids. The level of fatty acids has to be tightly controlled in the adipocyte, as they can act as detergents that rapidly dissolve the plasma membrane, causing cell lysis if allowed to accumulate. Fatty acids therefore ...
Li Zheng - - 2004
Understanding the effects of preconditioning on cellular metabolism is important in providing insight into how cells and tissues may behave when confronted with alterations in their environment. Previously, elevated accumulation of lipids and a correspondingly reduced rate of urea synthesis were found in primary heptocytes preconditioned in culture medium containing ...
Terjesen Bendik F - - 2004
Most studies on the antioxidants, lipoic acid (LA) and ascorbic acid (AA), focused on species that, unlike teleost fish, are not scurvy-prone, and are able to synthesize AA. The antioxidant properties of LA may make it useful in aquaculture nutrition, but several effects must first be investigated, and we address ...
Sacchetti Massimo - - 2004
In the present study we investigated the relationship between plasma fatty acids (FA) and intramuscular triacylglycerol (IMTAG) kinetics of healthy volunteers. With this aim [U-(13)C]-palmitate was infused for 10 h and FA kinetics determined across the leg. In addition, the rate of FA incorporation into IMTAG in vastus lateralis muscle ...
Hirsch Jules - - 2004
In 1956, the JCI published an article by Vincent Dole on a method for titrating plasma fatty acids that uncovered the importance of fatty acids as a substrate for glucose metabolism. When asked to prepare a historical perspective on this very popular paper, I paid Dole a visit and we ...
Wilkinson Ryan J - - 2004
This paper describes the development and validation of a competitive, polyclonal antibody enzyme-immunoassay (EIA) for the measurement of salmon and trout insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II). A polyclonal antiserum was raised against a synthetic peptide epitope, corresponding to amino acid residues 1-9 of the N-terminus of mature Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) ...
Zghibeh Chaza M - - 2004
Endogenous trans fatty acids originate from diet, but recent studies also suggest that cis-trans isomerization of fatty acids is possible by nitrogen dioxide radical, a product of NO and nitrite oxidation. We developed a method for quantitative analysis of four trans-arachidonic acids (TAA) in human plasma using isotopic dilution gas ...
Nawrocki A - - 2004
Skeletal muscles contain a fraction of free (unesterified) fatty acids. This fraction is very small, but important since it contributes to the creation of the plasma-myocyte free fatty acid concentration gradient. Maintenance of this gradient is necessary for blood-borne fatty acids to be transported into the cell. There are no ...
Herrera E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the changes of plasma fatty acids and lipophilic vitamins during normal pregnancy. DESIGN: Plasma fatty acid profile and the concentration of carotenoids, tocopherols and retinol were measured in healthy women at the first and third trimesters of pregnancy, at delivery, and in cord blood plasma. RESULTS: Maternal ...
Fiorini Gina S - - 2004
This paper presents a simple procedure for the fabrication of thermoset polyester (TPE) microfluidic systems and discusses the properties of the final devices. TPE chips are fabricated in less than 3 h by casting TPE resin directly on a lithographically patterned (SU-8) silicon master. Thorough curing of the devices is ...
Ravaglia Giovanni - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Plasma concentrations of several amino acids may affect the availability of important neurotransmitter precursors in the brain. Abnormalities in the plasma amino acid profile have been reported in elderly persons with cognitive impairment, but no data exist for the prodromal phase of Alzheimer disease (AD), which is characterized by ...
Emelyanova Larisa V - - 2004
The content variation dynamics of glucose and free amino acids in blood plasma was followed for lampreys and frogs from autumn till spring, when the exogenous feeding is switched off. In October, the glucose level is rather high (8-10 mM) in blood plasma of both lampreys and frogs. It falls ...
Baker Paul R S - - 2004
Nitric oxide (*NO) and its reactive metabolites mediate the oxidation, nitration, and nitrosation of DNA bases, amino acids, and lipids. Here, we report the structural characterization and quantitation of two allylic nitro derivatives of linoleic acid (LNO(2)), present as both free and esterified species in human red cell membranes and ...
Wijekoon Enoka P - - 2004
We investigated amino acid metabolism in the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF Gmi fa/fa) rat during the prediabetic insulin-resistant stage and the frank type 2 diabetic stage. Amino acids were measured in plasma, liver, and skeletal muscle, and the ratios of plasma/liver and plasma/skeletal muscle were calculated. At the insulin-resistant stage, ...
Fukuchi Satoshi - - 2004
Fatty acids have been shown to be involved in the development of insulin resistance associated with obesity. We used sucrose loading in rats to analyze changes in fatty acid composition in the progression of obesity and the related metabolic disorder. Although rats fed a sucrose diet for 4 weeks had ...
Tsikas Dimitrios - - 2004
Cytochrome P450 dependent epoxidation and non-enzymic lipid peroxidation of oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) result in the formation of cis-9,10-epoxyoctadecanoic acid (cis-EODA). This oleic acid oxide has been identified indirectly in blood and urine of humans. Reliable concentrations of circulating cis-EODA have not been reported thus far. In the present article, ...
Lv Qiang - - 2004
Sulfonic and carboxyl groups can effectively improve the blood compatibility of polyurethane. But it is difficult to obtain an optimum ratio of the two groups. In this article, polyurethane (PU) was dissolved with acrylic acid in a tetrahydrofuran solution and then spread on the glass plate to produce a film. ...
Shahdat Hossain - - 2004
We investigated the effect of administration of docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6, n-3; 300 mg/kg.day, for 12 weeks) on the degree of membrane order and membrane-bound acetylcholinesterase activity of the cerebral cortex synaptic plasma membrane in male Wistar rats. Docosahexaenoic acid levels in the synaptic plasma membrane increased significantly by 16% over ...
Camelo J S JS - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to determine the levels of amino acids in maternal plasma, placental intervillous space and fetal umbilical vein in order to identify the similarities and differences in amino acid levels in these compartments of 15 term newborns from normal pregnancies and deliveries. All amino ...
Fogarty A - - 2004
Amino acids contribute to various anti-oxidant and immunological activities relevant to asthma pathogenesis, raising the possibility that differences in amino acids may be involved in asthma aetiology. The authors hypothesised that cystine reduces the risk of asthma via glutathione metabolism. Methionine, glutamine, glutamic acid and glycine may have potential protective ...
Lorin Chrystelle - - 2004
In this study, we have investigated the postoperative plasma consequences of coral implantation into femoral condyle of rabbits. Analyses were performed using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, a sensitive and nondestructive method, to evaluate plasma modifications one day, one week, one month, and three months after surgery. This technique showed ...
Zenger F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate glutathione and amino acids related to glutathione metabolism in patients with anorexia nervosa in order to test the hypothesis that these patients exhibit a deficiency of glutathione and therefore might be at an increased risk of developing toxic liver injury. DESIGN: Controlled observatory study and case report. ...
Lieben C K J - - 2004
In contrast to humans, a tryptophan (TRP)-free amino acid (AA) mixture only leads to moderate depletion in plasma TRP levels in adult rats. In this study we evaluated the effects of an acute administration of a TRP-free protein-carbohydrate nutritional mixture in adult male Wistar rats. Plasma amino acid levels were ...
Johnson David W - - 2003
High pressure liquid chromatography with a narrow bore C8 column has been used to separate pristanic, phytanic and very long chain fatty acids, important in the diagnosis of peroxisomal disorders, for their accurate isotope dilution quantification by tandem mass spectrometry. The fatty acids, isolated from plasma, were analysed as trimethylaminoethyl ...
Sparkes D L - - 2003
The preliminary study investigated metabolic anomalies in children and teenagers with Irlen Syndrome, particularly in relation to the levels of n-3 and n-6 essential fatty acids, plasma cholesterol levels, and the relative abundance of plasma saturated fatty acids. The experimental group involved 13 subjects with Irlen Syndrome (M=13.3 yr., SD=2.5 ...
Note Reine - - 2003
Although treatments with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) can modify fat metabolism and fat distribution in humans, the mechanisms of these modifications and the roles of diverse NRTIs are unknown. We studied the mitochondrial and metabolic effects of stavudine (d4T), zidovudine (AZT), didanosine (ddI), lamivudine (3TC), zalcitabine (ddC), and three ...
Bowen Derrick John - - 2004
The hypothesis that increased ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin repeats) activity or increased susceptibility of von Willebrand factor (VWF) to proteolysis by ADAMTS13 may underlie type I von Willebrand disease (VWD) in some patients was investigated. Plasma from 4 patients with type I VWD was cryoprecipitated. ADAMTS13 activity ...
Stuerenburg Hans Joerg - - 2003
Recreational use of the illegal drug "ecstasy" has increased dramatically in recent years. We have measured 33 different plasma amino acids in ecstasy users and controls. Significant differences were found for phosphoserine, glutamate, citrulline, methionine, tyrosine and histidine. Resembling changes in the plasma amino acids have been described in acute ...
Bianchi G - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Insulin resistance is a main feature, and possibly a pathogenic factor, of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. It is usually measured on glucose metabolism; the effects on amino acid regulation have never been assessed. In particular, no data are available on insulin-dependent branched-chain amino acid metabolism, which is ...
Assies J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In X-linked adrenoleucodystrophy (X-ALD) the peroxisomal beta-oxidation of saturated very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs; carbon length > 22 atoms) is impaired. These fatty acids accumulate in blood and tissues, in particular in the nervous system, adrenal cortex and testis. Most patients have a primary adrenocortical insufficiency with low levels ...
Trenzado C E - - 2003
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) of two lines selected for low (LR) and high (HR) cortisol stress-responsiveness were subjected to confinement for a period of 336 h. Endocrine (plasma cortisol, hepatic cortisol binding) and metabolic (plasma glucose, lactate, amino acids; hepatic glycogen and alanine aminotransferase levels) indices of stress were measured ...
Uchikura Kazuo - - 2003
An HPLC method is described for the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) detection of amino acids, following cycloaddition reaction of their amino groups with divinyl sulfone (DVS), using electrogenerated tris(bipyridine)ruthenium(III). The derivatization reaction conditions were examined, with the optimum conditions found to be 40 mM DVS (pH 8.0) at 50 degrees C for ...
Thomson A E - - 2003
1. The rate of thrombin generation in plasma from Fatty Liver Haemorrhagic Syndrome-susceptible laying hens (FLHS, UCD-003) is more rapid than in plasma from age-matched normal Single Comb White Leghorn (SCWL) laying hens. 2. The rate of thrombin generation in plasma was determined by measuring the biological activity of the ...
Wheaton Dianna H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In a 4-year placebo-controlled trial to elevate blood docosahexaenoic acid levels in patients with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP), the goal was to assess the potential benefit of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in altering disease progression. However, docosahexaenoic acid (22:6omega3) is a highly unsaturated fatty acid and considered a target molecule ...
Lee Jenq-Chang - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A variety of cancer-bearing patients have been shown to have disturbances in carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism. The complex of metabolic derangements of protein in cancer patients may be reflected by alteration in the plasma free amino acid profile. In this study, we try to investigate the plasma free ...
Wright A J A - - 2003
Single (13)C6-labelled doses of pteroylmonoglutamic acid (PteGlu; 634 nmol) or 5-formyltetrahydrofolic acid (431-569 nmol) were given to fasted adult volunteers, and the rise in total and (13)C-labelled plasma 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid metabolite monitored over 8 h by HPLC and liquid chromatography-MS. The dose-adjusted area under the curve (AUC) for total (labelled ...
Yeum Kyung-Jin - - 2003
The oxidation of endogenous antioxidant nutrients in human plasma was determined to examine their activities against free radicals generated in the aqueous and lipid compartments of plasma. Free radicals were induced at a constant rate in the aqueous compartment by the hydrophilic radical generator, 2,2'-azobis-(2-amidinopropane)dihydrochloride (AAPH; 10-20 mmol/L) and in ...
König D - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relation between (1) cardiorespiratory fitness and plasma saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids and (2) the interactions between cardiorespiratory fitness, dietary fat intake and plasma fatty acid composition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: The subjects were randomly selected, 127 middle-aged Finnish men participating in the ...
Strauss Kevin A. - - 2003
Classic maple syrup disease can be managed to allow a benign neonatal course, normal growth, and low hospitalization rates. The majority of affected infants that are prospectively managed have good neurodevelopmental outcome; however, acute metabolic intoxication and neurologic deterioration can develop rapidly at any age. Each episode is associated with ...
van den Baar M T M - - 2004
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between changes in plasma amino acids and the incidence of sports injuries during a soccer season. Fourteen plasma amino acids were assayed at monthly intervals in 12 young soccer players during a whole soccer season. Based on the number and ...
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