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Li Xiang - - 2009
Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC-TOFMS) coupled with pattern recognition methods was applied to analyze plasma from diabetic patients and healthy controls. After sample preparation and GCxGC-TOFMS analysis, collected data were transformed, the peak alignment between different chromatograms was performed to generate the metabolites' peak table, then orthogonal signal ...
Nieuwenhuizen Arie G - - 2009
Proteins are the most satiating macronutrients. Tryptophan (TRP) may contribute to the satiating effect, as it serves as a precursor for the anorexigenic neurotransmitter serotonin. To address the role of TRP in the satiating properties of dietary protein, we compared three different breakfasts, containing either alpha-lactalbumin (high in TRP), gelatin ...
Tsutsumi Ryouhei - - 2009
The heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunit (Galpha) is targeted to the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane through reversible lipid palmitoylation and relays signals from G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to its effectors. By screening 23 DHHC motif (Asp-His-His-Cys) palmitoyl acyl-transferases, we identified DHHC3 and DHHC7 as Galpha palmitoylating enzymes. DHHC3 and ...
Zheng Xintian - - 2009
A simple approach for comprehensive profiling of fatty acids in human plasma based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was described and validated. With this method, plasma fatty acid metabolic profiles of 23 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients and 25 healthy subjects were determined. Pattern recognition technology was used to establishing ...
Goulitquer Sophie - - 2008
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are cytochrome P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid involved in the regulation of vascular tone. Despite the importance of EETs in a variety of physiological effects, few methods have been developed to quantify them in human blood. This led us to develop a method by GC/MS with negative ...
Mueller Wolfgang - - 2008
As a platform for syntheses of nanoconjugates in antitumor drug delivery, polymalic acid together with its tailoring specific exohydrolase is purified from plasmodium cultures of the slime mold Physarum polycephalum, a member of the phylum myxomycota. Polymalic acid hydrolase is expressed in an inactive form that functions as a molecular ...
Nozaki Satoshi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To confirm fatigue-related biochemical alterations, we measured various parameters just before and after relaxation and fatigue-inducing mental or physical sessions. METHODS: Fifty-four healthy volunteers were randomized to perform relaxation and fatigue-inducing mental and physical sessions for 4 h in a double-blind, three-crossover design. Before and after each session, subjects ...
Tranchida Peter Quinto - - 2008
The present research is focused on the use of comprehensive 2-D GC (GC x GC) for the elucidation of the human plasma fatty acid (FA) profile. The enhanced sensitivity, increased separation power and the formation of group-type patterns provided by GC x GC enabled the identification and quantification of a ...
Berry Sarah E E - - 2008
Postprandial lipemia impairs endothelial function possibly via an oxidative stress mechanism. A stearic acid-rich triacylglycerol (TAG) (shea butter) results in a blunted postprandial increase in plasma TAG compared with an oleic acid-rich TAG; however, its acute effects on endothelial function and oxidative stress are unknown. A randomized crossover trial (n ...
Koivusalo Anna-Maria - - 2008
According to one popular theory, hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is partly caused by an imbalance in plasma amino acid levels. The Fischer's ratio between branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) and aromatic amino acids (AAAs) correlates with the degree of HE; the lower Fischer's ratio, the higher the grade of HE. Extra-corporeal ...
Koskela Anja - - 2008
This study presents the optimization and validation of a rapid protocol for quantifying alkyresorcinol (AR) metabolites 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA) and 3-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-1-propanoic acid (DHPPA) in plasma, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with a coulometric electrode array detector. Syringic acid (SyrA) serves as the internal standard. The new method is simple ...
Magnoni Leonardo - - 2008
Lipolysis provides fatty acids that support key life processes by functioning as membrane components, oxidative fuels and metabolic signals. It is commonly measured as the rate of appearance of glycerol (Ra glycerol). Its in vivo regulation by catecholamines has been thoroughly investigated in mammals, but little information is available for ...
Levada-Pires Adriana Cristina - - 2008
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: The effect of a triathlon competition on death of neutrophils from elite athletes was investigated. METHODS: Blood was collected from 11 sedentary volunteers and 12 triathletes under rest and after a Half Ironman triathlon competition (2-km swimming, 80-km cycling, and 20-km running). RESULTS: The triathlon competition increased DNA fragmentation, ...
Zehethofer Nicole - - 2008
A rapid method was developed for the simultaneous profiling of 29 free fatty acids in plasma using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC/ESI-MS/MS). Barium acetate was used as the cationization agent in the positive ion mode for sensitive multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) experiments. The cis- and trans-C18:1 and ...
Ardis T C - - 2009
In human subjects, the acute tryptophan (TRP) depletion (ATD) paradigm has been shown to have effects on mood and cognition. It is assumed that these effects are mediated through the serotonin system. In this study, we have examined the effects of ATD on the central concentrations of the monoamine transmitters, ...
Allison G G - - 2008
Three groups of two weeks old growing lambs differing in PrP genotype were orally inoculated with scrapie and maintained under defined conditions until disease endpoint. Plasma concentrations of free alanine and serine, but not L-lactate increased during the final 6 months of the disease. At the same time, plasma concentrations ...
Huang Xin - - 2008
This work characterized the metabolism disorders of acute liver failure (ALF) induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) in a mouse model with different dosage of intoxication (100, 500 and 1000 mg/kg). Metabolic profiles of mice plasma were detected by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) after chemical derivatization. Here an effective information-extracting approach ...
Alexander J Wesley - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The present study, registered at clinicaltrials.gov with the unique registration number NCT00560014, sought to evaluate the relations between fatty acid concentrations in red blood cells or plasma and amino acid concentrations in plasma on rejection, calcineurin inhibitor toxicity, and new-onset diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lipid profiles on plasma ...
Monette Michelle Y - - 2008
Episodic acidification resulting in increased acidity and inorganic aluminum (Al(i)) is known to interfere with the parr-smolt transformation of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), and has been implicated as a possible cause of population decline. To determine the extent and mechanism(s) by which short-term acid/Al exposure compromises smolt development, Atlantic salmon ...
Artwohl Michaela - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Plasma free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations are increased in states of insulin resistance. Therefore, this study evaluated apoptosis and underlying mechanisms induced by selected nutritional FFAs, a defined FFA-mix, and human plasma containing high FFA concentrations in human smooth muscle cells (HSMCs). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: HSMCs were incubated ...
Franks P W PW Genetic Epidemiology and Clinical Research Group, Dept. of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Division of Medicine, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå 90 187, Sweden. - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to characterize associations between PINK1 genotypes, PINK1 transcript levels, and metabolic phenotypes in healthy adults and those with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We measured PINK1 skeletal muscle transcript levels and 8 independent PINK1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a cohort of 208 Danish whites ...
Féart Catherine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are commonly observed in elderly people, and nutritional factors such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been proposed as potential protective determinants of depressive disorders. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze the relation between plasma fatty acids and severity of depressive symptomatology (DS) in French elderly community ...
Risinger April L - - 2008
The high capacity general amino acid permease, Gap1p, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is distributed between the plasma membrane and internal compartments according to availability of amino acids. When internal amino acid levels are low, Gap1p is localized to the plasma membrane where it imports available amino acids from the medium. When ...
Rossetti Paolo - - 2008
Amino acids stimulate glucagon responses to hypoglycemia and may be utilized by the brain. The aim of this study was to assess the responses to hypoglycemia in nondiabetic and type 1 diabetic subjects after ingestion of an amino acid mixture. Ten nondiabetic and 10 diabetic type 1 subjects were studied ...
Yang Xiao-Ning - - 2008
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of Panax quinquefolium protopanaxadiol saponins (PQDS) extracts on the plasma protein binding and pharmacokinetic of salvianolic acids extracts extracted from the traditional Chinese medical Salvia miltiorrhiza,. Salvianolic acids are used to treat myocardial ischemia, and PQDS has similar ...
Crombez Eric A - - 2008
We report two women with glutaric acidemia type I in whom the diagnosis was unsuspected until a low carnitine level was found in their newborn children. Both mothers had low carnitine in plasma. In the first, organic acid analysis was only done after fibroblast studies revealed normal carnitine uptake. Having ...
Bachmann Claude - - 2008
Results of plasma or urinary amino acids are used for suspicion, confirmation or exclusion of diagnosis, monitoring of treatment, prevention and prognosis in inborn errors of amino acid metabolism. The concentrations in plasma or whole blood do not necessarily reflect the relevant metabolite concentrations in organs such as the brain ...
Flavall Elizabeth A - - 2008
Measurement of plasma neopterin by HPLC with fluorescence detection is used clinically as a marker of immune cell activation in the management of a number of disease pathologies. HPLC analysis of neopterin requires the acidic removal of plasma proteins but we have found that 7,8-dihydroneopterin is oxidised to neopterin with ...
Clarke Holly J - - 2008
Drug binding to plasma proteins restricts their free and active concentrations, thereby affecting their pharmacokinetic properties. Species differences in plasma protein levels complicate the understanding of interspecies pharmacodynamic and toxicological effects. MBX-102 acid/JNJ39659100 is a novel PPAR-gamma agonist in development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Studies were performed ...
Schulpis Kleopatra H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Biogenic amine, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine and 5-hydroxy-tryptamine (5-HT) levels are related to interleukin-6 (IL-6) plasma concentrations and endurance exercise. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of the mode of delivery on maternal-neonatal IL-6, biogenic amine and their precursor amino acid levels. METHODS: Some women with ...
Coste Thierry Charles - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Some but not all studies have reported abnormal polyunsaturated fatty acid composition in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. We investigated the influence of pancreatic status and sex on the fatty acid profile in plasma and erythrocyte membranes in patients with CF. METHODS: After a 1-step transesterification with acetyl chloride on ...
Nazemian Fatemeh - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Mycophenolic acid, the active metabolite of mycophenolate mofetil, is administered with cyclosporine and oral steroids to prevent acute rejection after renal transplant. The aim of this study was to investigate correlations among time after transplant, subjects' demographics, and mycophenolate mofetil dosage according to body weight withmycophenolic acid pharmacokinetics during ...
Chang Esther Wei Yin - - 2007
This study aimed to examine effects of short- or long-term acclimation to brackish water or seawater on the climbing perch, Anabas testudineus, which is an aquatic air-breathing teleost living typically in freshwater. A. testudineus exhibits hypoosmotic and hypoinoic osmoregulation; the plasma osmolality, [Na+] and [Cl-] of fish acclimated to seawater ...
Monette Michelle Y - - 2008
Episodic acidification resulting in increased acidity and inorganic aluminum (Al(i)) is known to impact anadromous salmonids and has been identified as a possible cause of Atlantic salmon population decline. Sensitive life-stages such as smolts may be particularly vulnerable to impacts of short-term (days-week) acid/Al exposure, however the extent and mechanism(s) ...
Elliott Michael H - - 2008
Membrane heterogeneity plays a significant role in regulating signal transduction and other cellular activities. We examined the protein and lipid components associated with the detergent-resistant membrane (DRM) fractions from retinal rod outer segment (ROS) disk and plasma membrane-enriched preparations. Proteomics and correlative western blot analysis revealed the presence of alpha ...
Hansen M - - 2008
We have shown previously that a high sucrose intake increases the background level of somatic mutations and the level of bulky DNA adducts in the colon epithelium of rats. The mechanism may involve either glucose or fructose formed by hydrolysis of sucrose. Male Big Blue rats were fed 30% sucrose, ...
Blanco Roberto A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Plasma glutathione/glutathione disulfide (GSH/GSSG) and cysteine/cystine (Cys/CySS) couples are oxidized in humans in association with oxidative stress and cardiovascular disease risk. Animal studies show that both pools undergo diurnal variations associated with dietary intake of sulfur amino acids. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether the ...
Gil-Campos M - - 2008
Obese patients typically show a pattern of dyslipidaemia and changes in plasma fatty acid composition reflecting abnormalities in lipoprotein metabolism and dietary habits. Animals and obese adults have been widely studied; however, contradictory results have been published in children. The objective was to assess changes in plasma fatty acid composition ...
Willemse Johan L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Measurement of procarboxypeptidase U (TAFI) in plasma by activity-based assays is complicated by the presence of plasma carboxypeptidase N (CPN). Accurate blank measurements, correcting for this interfering CPN activity, should therefore be performed. A selective CPU substrate will make proCPU determination much less time-consuming. METHODS: We searched for selective ...
Akoto Lawrence - - 2008
Gas chromatography (GC) has in recent times become an important tool for the fatty acid profiling of human blood and plasma. An at-line procedure used in the fatty acid profiling of whole/intact aquatic micro-organisms without any sample preparation was adapted for this work. A direct thermal desorption (DTD) interface was ...
Allen Naomi E - - 2008
Epidemiological data suggest that a diet rich in animal foods may be associated with an increased risk of several cancers, including cancers of the prostate, colorectum and breast, but the possible mechanism is unclear. It is hypothesised that phytanic acid, a C20 branched-chain fatty acid found predominantly in foods from ...
Matias Ana C - - 2007
Changes in plasma membrane permeability caused by H2O2 were recently found to be involved in the adaptation to H2O2, but the mechanism responsible for this change remains largely unknown. Here this mechanism was addressed and two lines of evidence showed for the first time that fatty acid synthase (Fas) plays ...
Khosrowbeygi Ali - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The lipid composition of the sperm membrane has a significant effect on the functional characteristics of spermatozoa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present study, fatty acid composition of spermatozoa and seminal plasma levels of free 15-F(2t)-Isoprostane and catalase were assayed in men with normozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, asthenoteratozoospermia, and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia. RESULTS: ...
Symons T Brock - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a debilitating condition afflicting the elderly that may be facilitated by insufficient or ineffectual intake of dietary protein. We previously showed that free-form essential amino acids acutely stimulate muscle protein synthesis in both the young and the elderly. However, the ability of an actual protein-rich food to ...
Gil Hyo Wook - - 2007
We examined whether high flux membranes (HF) may induce a greater loss of amino acids compared to low flux membranes (LF). Ten hemodialysis patients participated in this study. Pre- and post-hemodialysis plasma amino acid profiles were measured by reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography for both HF and LF. We measured ...
Swindells Ian - - 2007
There is much scientific and commercial interest in plasma polymers to modify surface chemistry. To date, only neutral and positively charged species have been detected in the commonly applied acrylic acid plasma. Using time-averaged negative ion mass spectrometry, we demonstrate that large, negatively charged species exist in the plasma, contrary ...
Camelo Jr J S - - 2007
Plasma amino acid levels have never been studied in the placental intervillous space of preterm gestations. Our objective was to determine the possible relationship between plasma amino acids of maternal venous blood (M), of the placental intervillous space (PIVS) and of the umbilical vein (UV) of preterm newborn infants. Plasma ...
Sun Qi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Erythrocyte fatty acids may be superior to plasma fatty acids for reflecting long-term fatty acid intake because of less sensitivity to recent intake and a slower turnover rate. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare the fatty acid content of erythrocytes with that of plasma with respect to their abilities ...
Buchowski Maciej S - - 2007
The chronic hemolytic anemia experienced by sickle cell disease (SCD) patients leads to adverse effects on oxygen transport by the blood and to a decrease in oxygen availability for peripheral tissues. Limited tissue oxygen availability has the potential to modify events of intracellular metabolism and, thus, alter lipid homeostasis. The ...
Bystriansky J S - - 2007
The migration of Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus from freshwater to seawater requires a substantial reorganization of the osmoregulatory tissues to regulate plasma ion levels. These modifications have an inherent metabolic cost, which must be met through the upregulation of intermediary metabolism. Arctic char intermediary metabolism was monitored during the initial ...
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