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Results 451 - 500 of 1226
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Prior R L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Describe plasma amino acid concentrations and total urinary amino acid excretion in subjects from an elderly female population. SUBJECTS: Fasting plasma samples, complete 24-hour urine samples, and 3-day diet records were obtained from 96 healthy postmenopausal women in one study and fasting plasma samples were obtained from an additional ...
Woods L L - - 1996
Adult animals and humans are known to increase renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in response to an acute protein load or amino acid infusion; however, the ontogeny of this phenomenon is not known. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that, despite normally high baseline amino ...
Miller R G - - 1996
The conversion of D-[U-13C]glucose to proline (Pro), aspartate (Asp), and cysteine (Cys) is limited in premature neonates, implying that these amino acids (AA) are conditionally essential. This study was performed to determine whether these findings resulted from an insufficient precursor dose or intracellular compartmentation of newly synthesized amino acids, rather ...
Hultin M - - 1996
Chylomicrons labeled in vivo with [14C]oleic acid (primarily in triglycerides (TG), providing a tracer for lipolysis) and [3H]retinol (primarily in ester form, providing a tracer for the corelipids) were injected into rats. Disappearance of the two labels from plasma and appearance of label in plasma free fatty acids (FFA) were ...
Keuzenkamp-Jansen C W - - 1996
We investigated the metabolism of high dose 6 mercaptopurine (HD-6MP) infusions and its influence on the metabolism by allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, the enzyme that catabolizes 6MP into thioxanthine and thiouric acid. Nine patients (aged 2-11 years) with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) were treated with HD-6MP (1300 mg/m(2).24h) within ...
Maurer O - - 1996
Intraperitoneal administration of 1% amino acid dialysis solution in patients on continuous peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is associated with improvement in plasma amino acid concentrations and inconsistent results with respect to nitrogen balance. Whether alteration(s) in lean mass and body fat distribution also occur remains controversial. Therefore 18 patients (P), on ...
Cabré E - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Portacaval anastomosis has an hypolipemic effect in familial hypercholesterolemia and in healthy animals. In cirrhosis, it raises serum cholesterol, but there is no information on its effect upon plasma fatty acids. However, indirect data suggest that portacaval shunting might contribute to the polyunsaturated fatty acid deficit of these patients. ...
Taniguchi T - - 1996
PURPOSE: To determine the composition and solubility of the precipitate formed by thiopentone and vecuronium in vitro. METHODS: The precipitate formed by mixing thiopentone 2.5% and vecuronium 0.1% at room temperature was analyzed by ultraviolet spectrophotometry and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The solubility of the precipitate in human plasma ...
Ferlay A - - 1996
This experiment was conducted to determine the respective effects of bovine somatotropin (bST) and energy balance on the in vivo responses of plasma nonesterified fatty acids and glucose to isoproterenol (a nonselective beta-agonist) or epinephrine injection in nonlactating nonpregnant cows. Two groups of adult Holstein cows were either underfed (n ...
de Jonge L H - - 1996
Three factors contributing to inter-laboratory variation in the determination of amino acids in plasma, i.e. deproteinization, calibration and storage conditions, were evaluated in this study. Deproteinization clearly enlarged the coefficient of variation in the determination of cystine, aspartic acid and tryptophan. During this process losses of hydrophobic amino acids occurred, ...
Geraert P A - - 1996
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of chronic heat exposure (32 degrees constant) on plasma metabolites and hormone concentrations in broiler chickens. At 2 and 4 weeks of age, fifty-four male Shaver broiler chickens were allocated to one of three treatments: 22 degrees, ad lib. feeding (22AL), ...
Lobley G E - - 1996
The response in whole-body and splanchnic tissue mass and isotope amino acid transfers in both plasma and blood has been studied in sheep offered 800 g lucerne (Medicago sativa) pellets/d. Amino acid mass transfers were quantified over a 4 h period, by arterio-venous procedures, across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and ...
Geisslinger G - - 1996
A sensitive stereospecific high-performance liquid chromatographic assay for the quantification of tiaprofenic acid in human plasma was developed. The procedure involved extraction of tiaprofenic acid from acidified plasma into hexanediethyl ether (8:2, v/v). Stereospecific separation was achieved with a prepacked alpha1-acid glycoprotein column without derivatization. The mobile phase consisted of ...
Wójcik B M - - 1996
The aim of the study was to determine the free fatty acids and triacylglycerol concentrations in the gastric, duodenal, ileal and colonic mucosa of fasted-refed rats. As compared to fasted group, refeeding resulted in a significant increase of free fatty acids content in the mucosa of the stomach, ileum, and ...
Nefyodov L I - - 1996
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of Ukrain on the free amino acids pool in blood plasma in ten patients with breast cancer, treated in the preoperative phase with the drug. The control group consisted of five patients of similar age and advancement of the disease, who ...
Forward G M - - 1996
Fresh plasma from Cryptobia-resistant brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis) lysed Cryptobia salmositica under in vitro conditions. However, the parasite was not lysed if the plasma was heat-inactivated at 37 degrees C for 2 h or after the addition of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) to chelate the free Mg2+ ions. Addition of Mg2+ ...
Gullo L - - 1996
The amino acid consumption test (AACT) has been proposed as a simple tubeless test of pancreatic function, but studies of its diagnostic accuracy have produced conflicting results. Eighty-three consecutive patients with clinical suspicion of pancreatic disease underwent pancreatic stimulation for 1 h with an intravenous infusion of cerulein (50 ng/kg/h); ...
Costigan M G - - 1996
The Plasma concentrations of a lipophilic furan dicarboxylic acid (3- carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-fluranpropanoic acid; 5-propyl FPA), which is highly bound to albumin and not removed by haemodialysis, have been measured in patients with renal impairment who were not dialysis dependent or who were treated by either haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. Neurological abnormalities ...
Marzo A - - 1995
This paper describes the interference of heparin (CAS 9005-49-6) in whole plasma used for free and total levocarnitine (L-carnitine, CAS 541-15-1) analysis. Alkaline hydrolysis required for total L-carnitine measurement does not overcome the problem. The same interference is also present in long-chain acyl-L-carnitine assay, because heparin precipitates together with proteins ...
Scriba G K - - 1995
The bioavailability of phenytoin was evaluated in rats upon oral administration of phenytoin-lipid conjugates obtained by covalent binding of 3-hydroxymethylphenytoin to 1,3-dimyristoylglyceride via a succinidyl linkage, to 2-(1,3-dimyristoyl-2-glyceryl)butyric acid and to 3-myristoyloxy-2-methylpropionic acid. Despite differences of the phenytoin plasma concentrations all three compounds approximately doubled the AUC compared with the ...
Leichsenring M - - 1995
It has been suggested that atopy is associated with an impairment in the delta 6-desaturation of (n-6)-polyunsaturated fatty acids and subsequently low levels of eicosanoid precursors. To evaluate this hypothesis we analyzed the fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids and plasma cholesterol esters in a well-defined group of children with ...
Hansen C P - - 1995
It has been shown recently that the two largest alpha-carboxyamidated progastrin products are gastrin-71 and gastrin-52. Human gastrin-52 has now been synthesized, and the effect on gastric acid secretion and elimination from plasma was examined and compared with gastrin-17 in 12 normal subjects. The peptides were infused separately in four ...
Katsikas H - - 1995
The objectives of this study were to isolate and analyse human blood sphingomyelins from two European populations which have significant differences in both the composition of dietary fat source and the rate of mortality from coronary heart disease. Blood samples have been taken from healthy adult volunteers from a Greek ...
Rossi Fanelli F - - 1995
A large number of "biologic markers" for cancer have been described, including tumor-associated antigens, ectopic hormones, enzymes, and effects of tumor on the host's metabolism. Although tumors may metabolically differ from each other, they may induce similar derangements in glucose, lipid, and protein metabolism in the host. In particular, changes ...
Ma J - - 1995
We compared the plasma fatty acid (FA) composition of the habitual diet, measured by a 66-item semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ), with the corresponding plasma phospholipid and cholesterol ester (CE) FA composition measured by gas chromatography in 3570 free-living, middle-aged adults. Pearson correlations between dietary and plasma FA (expressed as % ...
McCoy M C - - 1995
Polyunsaturated fatty acids play an important yet poorly understood role in pregnancy complications. We are interested in the effects of aspirin therapy on the metabolism of these compounds. To determine the effects of low-dose aspirin on plasma levels of polyunsaturated fatty acid precursors, we assayed linoleic, linolenic, arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic, and ...
Sexton P T PT Honorary research fellow, Department of Medicine, University of - - 1995
A cross-sectional study of 80 consecutive cases at necropsy was undertaken to determine the relationship between linoleic acid in the serum, adipose tissue and myocardium of humans. The sample consisted of 55 males and 25 females aged 7 to 92 years who had died from cardiac and non-cardiac causes in ...
Sánchez-Margalet V - - 1995
Pancreastatin (PST), a 49 amino acid peptide originally isolated from porcine pancreas, is derived from chromogranin A (Cg A), an acidic protein co-released with catecholamines from sympathetic nerve terminals and chromaffin cells. Extracellular processing of Cg A yields PST as well as other biological active peptides. Measurement of Cg A ...
Husek P - - 1995
A simultaneous GC analysis of more than 20 amino and nearly 30 non-amino organic acids abundant in plasma is for the first time possible. Isolation of the analytes from the plasma matrix is not necessary, keto acids do not require a preliminary oximation. An instantaneous derivatization of the acids with ...
Borovicka J - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: There is controversy about the cholecystokinin (CCK)-induced decrease of plasma amino acids for the diagnosis of pancreatic insufficiency in that it is unclear whether the conflicting results are due to different degrees of stimulation by CCK. We have therefore evaluated the amino acid consumption test by examining the dose-response ...
Murdock N - - 1995
This randomised study aimed to compare the biochemical tolerance of three parenteral regimens administered during the first 48 hours of life. Twenty nine infants were randomised to either: (a) glucose 10%; (b) glucose 10%/amino acids; (c) glucose 10%/amino acids/lipid. Blood samples for plasma amino acid profiles, cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations ...
Trovato G M - - 1995
Hepatic encephalopathy in liver cirrhosis is due to several factors, including amino acid imbalance and hyperammonemia. Lactitol [correction of lactilol], a non adsorbable disaccharide, improves hepatic encephalopathy increasing bowel movements, modifying colonic bacteria and pH, and reducing blood ammonium. Ten patients with liver cirrhosis and longstanding stable hepatic encephalopathy were ...
Qvist N - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Cyclic changes in gallbladder filling and emptying during the migrating motor complex (MMC) cycle have been demonstrated by scintigraphy. However, a possible cyclic change in the hepatic function and handling of the pharmacologic agents used for scintigraphy during the MMC cycle could have an influence on these results. The ...
Ristić V - - 1995
The main interest of the present study was to determine possible alterations in fatty acid composition in rat plasma and liver phospholipids (PL) caused by chronic ethanol consumption, diazepam treatment and chronic consumption of alcohol and diazepam together. Chronic ethanol consumption (11 g/kg/d) elevated the proportion of plasma saturated (SFA) ...
Backus R C - - 1995
The cat requires a diet high in protein and certain nutrients that are found only in animal tissue. It is possible that secretogogues of intestinal CCK in the cat may be different from those observed in non-carnivorous species. Plasma CCK concentrations were determined in cats (n = 6) given by ...
Pearlstone D B - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The syndrome of cancer cachexia can have a significant impact on response to therapy as well as on survival in cancer patients. Therapies directed at metabolic perturbations in cachectic patients are dependent on nutritional repletion and maintenance of adequate amino acid substrate levels. This study compares the ability of ...
Järvinen T - - 1995
Various bispilocarpic acid diesters (double prodrugs of pilocarpine) were synthesized, and their in vitro esterase catalyzed hydrolysis was evaluated in diluted human plasma, rabbit cornea homogenate, and specific butyrylcholinesterase solution. The structural changes greatly affected the rate of enzymatic hydrolysis of the prodrugs. Bispilocarpic acid with 2 cyclopropane substituents was ...
Ingalls S T - - 1995
Non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and triglycerides were isolated from human plasma by column chromatography on silica gel. Eight principal fatty acids of each of these lipid classes were determined by gas chromatography of their methyl ester derivatives and quantified relative to multipoint standard curves. Within-day relative standard deviations for plasma ...
Kamata S - - 1995
As a possible prognostic index, plasma levels of amino acids were serially measured for 1 week in 22 neonates with perforative peritonitis including gastric rupture and necrotizing enterocolitis and 28 neonatal surgical patients without infection as a control, who were subjected to total parenteral nutrition with hypertonic glucose and amino ...
Wolfe B E - - 1995
To assess the possible role of altered central serotonin function in psychiatric disorders, investigators have utilized pharmacological challenge testing with an amino acid mixture to decrease blood tryptophan concentration and, indirectly, brain serotonin levels. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the effectiveness of a modified amino mixture, ...
Istre O - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Transcervical resection of the endometrium with the use of 1.5% glycine for irrigation is associated with postoperative nausea in some patients. This could be because of hyponatremia or toxic effects of glycine and its metabolites. Moreover, 1.5% glycine is hypoosmolar, and hemolysis and fibrinolysis are possible. Changes in plasma ...
Adamkin D D - - 1995
Twenty preterm infants were randomly assigned to receive either a general-purpose intravenous amino acid solution or a neonatal formula at 1.5 gm/kg/day with 50 nonprotein energy calories for 1 week. Both groups demonstrated similar rates of weight gain and similar liver function test results, but comparison of changes from baseline ...
McIntosh N - - 1995
The authors investigated the hypothesis that neonates who received a parenteral amino acid preparation causing high plasma amino acid levels in the first week of life would perform less well at follow-up than those who received a preparation in which the plasma aminogram fell persistently within the normal range. 27 ...
Strüder H K - - 1995
To investigate amino acid metabolism during endurance exercise as well as its influence on plasma prolactin (PRL) we subjected eight nationally ranked tennis players (mean(s.d.) age 25.6(2.8) years, mean(s.d.) weight 83.9(5.7) kg, mean(s.d.) height 184.4(4.6) cm) to 4h of continuous tournament tennis. Venous and capillary blood samples were taken before ...
Parvy P - - 1995
A general scheme for the interpretation of primary and secondary abnormalities of plasma and urine amino acid concentrations is described. The key steps of this scheme are: analytical assessment of the measurements, comparison of results obtained with the reference values expressed in absolute and/or relative concentrations and identification of abnormally ...
Vorgerd M - - 1995
A 36 year old male patient with adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) developed progressive spastic paraparesis and sensory ataxia from the age of 18. Biochemical studies showed increased plasma concentrations of saturated very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs), subclinical evidence of adrenal insufficiency, and primary hypogonadism. Three female family members had increased plasma ...
Iwase H - - 1995
Amino acids in human plasma were determined by liquid chromatography with postcolumn ninhydrin derivatization using a hydroxyapatite cartridge for precolumn deproteination. S-Carboxymethyl-L-cysteine, D-phenylglycine and S-aminoethyl-L-cysteine were found to be suitable internal standards. The proposed method is simple, rapid (deproteination time less than 1 min) and reproducible [relative standard deviation below ...
Smolle K H - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is frequently encountered in patients on regular haemodialysis therapy and presents an important determinant of morbidity and mortality. Usual therapeutic approaches to alleviate malnutrition have been unsuccessful. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) with amino acids (in combination with ...
Malyszko J - - 1995
Concentrations of tryptophan, serotonin (5-HT), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in brain and plasma, as well as plasma amino acid composition, were measured after 1-h foot shock. Stress induced a rise in both plasma and brain 5-HIAA, whereas 5-HT concentration was found to be increased only in plasma. A prominent rise ...
Lim C F - - 1995
Low plasma T(3) in severe illness is widely thought to be due principally to inhibition of 5'-deiodinase activity, but other factors also contribute to this response. Abnormal plasma constituents, namely, 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furan propanoic acid (CMPF) and indoxyl sulfate in uremia, and elevated bilirubin and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) can impair T(4) ...
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