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Lindert Steffen S Department of Pharmacology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA, - - 2014
The need for novel therapeutics against Plasmodium falciparum is urgent due to recent emergence of multi-drug resistant malaria parasites. Since fatty acids are essential for both the liver and blood stages of the malarial parasite, targeting fatty acid biosynthesis is a promising strategy for combatting P. falciparum. We present a ...
Yim Tongkheang T a Natural Products Research Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry , Khon Kaen University , Khon Kaen 40002 , - - 2014
A new meroterpenoid, named tatenoic acid (1), was isolated from the fungus Neosartorya tatenoi KKU-2NK23, together with five known compounds, aszonapyrones A and B (2 and 3), aszonalenin (4), ergosterol (5) and d-mannitol (6). Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic methods. Aszonapyrones A (2) exhibited antimalarial activity ...
Spitzer Martin S - - 2012
Purpose: To analyze the release kinetics and the clinical and histological effects of UV-cross-linked hyaluronic acid as a release-system for the transforming growth factor β-2 antagonist tranilast with anti-phlogistic properties on intraocular pressure after trabeculectomy in an aggressive scarring animal model. Methods: Hyaluronate acid was UV-cross linked and loaded with ...
Tres A - - 2012
This study was undertaken in the framework of a larger European project dealing with the characterization of fat co- and by-products from the food chain, available for feed uses. In this study, we compare the effects, on the fatty acid (FA) and tocol composition of chicken and rabbit tissues, of ...
Li Zhituo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: (1)H-NMR is a powerful approach of metabolomics. This study aimed to apply it to detect the serum metabolites in rabbits with acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC), and to analyze their potential roles in AAC. METHODS: Fourteen rabbits were randomly divided into two groups, the AAC group and the CON group. ...
Derde Sarah - - 2012
Muscular and hepatic abnormalities observed in artificially fed critically ill patients strikingly resemble the phenotype of autophagy-deficient mice. Autophagy is the only pathway to clear damaged organelles and large ubiquitinated proteins and aggregates. Fasting is its strongest physiological trigger. Severity of autophagy deficiency in critically ill patients correlated with the ...
Liu Xiumei - - 2012
A simple and accurate capillary electrophoresis (CE) method was developed to simultaneously separate and quantify heparin, chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid. The relative standard deviations (intra-day) of migration time, peak height and peak area for heparin, chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid were lower than 1.11, 5.45 and 2.82%, respectively. The ...
Zomeño C - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) for predicting fatty acid content in intramuscular fat to be applied in rabbit selection programs. One hundred and forty three freeze-dried Longissimus muscles (LM) were scanned by NIRS (1100-2498nm). Modified Partial Least Squares models ...
Miśta D - - 2012
In this study, we assessed the effect of a humic-fatty acid preparation (HFA) used in rabbit feed on certain haematological and biochemical serum parameters (the lipid profile and the Ca, P and Fe contents). A higher RBC, HGB and HCT values were observed in the groups that were given HFA. ...
Hashimoto Takafumi - - 2011
Autotaxin (ATX) is lysophospholipase D, which converts lysophospholipids such as lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) to lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a bioactive lipid mediator with multiple biological roles. ATX is present in high concentrations in various biological fluids and is responsible for LPA production in the fluids. The plasma ATX level is altered in ...
Guérin P - - 2011
Aminograms of tubal and follicular fluids were obtained using fluids collected by aspiratory puncture from six cats. The amino acids were separated and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. The serum of the cats was used as control. The three most prevalent amino acids quantified in cat tubal fluid were ...
Contreras Carlos M - - 2011
Odors from amniotic fluid produce signs of calmness in mammals suggesting some anxiolytic-like properties. Experimental models, such as the defensive burying, elevated plus maze, and open field tests offer well-controlled approaches to the study of putative anxiolytic substances using rats. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, we first identified eight fatty acids ...
Witkin Steven S - - 2011
Objective: To determine whether the fatty acid composition of mid-trimester amniotic fluid differs by ethnicity and pregnancy outcome. Methods: Fatty acid composition was analyzed by gas chromatography in 198 women undergoing amniocentesis at 15-19 weeks gestation. Cytokine levels were determined by ELISA in a subgroup of 52 subjects. Results: The ...
Fabiano Adele - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Metabolomics is a technique used to non-invasively determine a snapshot of the current metabolic status of an organism by analyzing intact tissue or bio-fluids. The aim of the present preliminary study was to analyze metabolic profiles in preterm infants complicated by respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) trough bronchoalveolar lavage ...
Erdemoğlu M - - 2011
In a prospective case-control study, we compared the amniotic fluid amino acid levels in non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) and normal fetuses. Eighty fetuses underwent amniocentesis for different reasons at the prenatal diagnosis unit of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University. Forty of these fetuses were ...
Ziora Zyta M - - 2011
A class of glycolipopeptides for use as building blocks for a new type of dynamic combinatorial library is reported. The members of the library consist of a variable carbohydrate moiety, coded amino acids, and lipoamino acids in order to convert them into amphiphiles. Glycolipopeptidic amphiphiles interact through non-covalent bonding when ...
Takahashi Kyoko - - 2011
Development of a preventive strategy against tubular damage associated with proteinuria is of great importance. Recently, free fatty acid(FFA) toxicities accompanying proteinuria were found to be a main cause of tubular damage, which was aggravated by insufficiency of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα),suggesting the benefit ofPPARαactivation.However, an earlier study using ...
Ornelas Cátia - - 2011
A dendrimer-based building block for theranostics was designed. The multifunctional dendrimer is polyamide-based and contains nine azide termini, nine amine termini, and fifty-four terminal acid groups. Orthogonal functionalization of the multifunctional dendrimer with a near-infrared (NIR) cyanine dye afforded the final dendrimer that shows fluorescence in the NIR region and ...
da Silva Silene Pereira - - 2011
Chrysotile was treated using three methods to reduce its toxicity and prepare it for use as nanofiller in olefin polymerization. In two of the treatments chrysotile was leached with hydrochloric acid at different concentrations, 0.1 and 3.0 M, and subsequently subjected to thermal treatment. In the third method the chrysotile was ...
Zhang Zhen - - 2011
Two typical ionic liquids (ILs), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C(4)MIM]Cl) and 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C(8)MIM]Cl), are demonstrated to associate strongly with dissolved organic matter (DOM) with distribution coefficients (K(DOC)) in the range of 10(4.2) to 10(4.6) for Aldrich humic acid (used as model DOM). With the increase of humic acid concentration to 11 ...
Lee Moonhee - - 2011
Beta-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is routinely described in the literature as a potent neurotoxin and as a possible cause of neurodegenerative disorders of aging such as Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/parkinsonism-dementia complex (ALS-PDC) syndrome of Guam. To test for the toxicity of BMAA against human neurons, we ...
Birkenfeld B - - 2011
The properties of hyaluronic acid used for treatment of acute and chronic joint disease are known for many years and this compound is widely used both in humans and animals. To obtain a therapeutic effect of a certain drug, the appropriate concentration in the target organ or tissue is important. ...
Enneking Dirk - - 2010
The safe use of grasspea (Lathyrus sativus) and allied species (L. cicera, L. clymenum and L. ochrus) requires a better understanding of the factors that are involved in the development of neurolathyrism. A suitable animal model is needed. The nutritional quality, seed chemical composition, the role of malnutrition, synergistic action ...
Yang Hye Won - - 2011
We synthesized five novel uridine-based cationic nucleolipids, introducing basic amino acid residues at the 5' position of uridine, through 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition, and hydrophobic alkyl moieties at the 2' and 3' positions, through carbamate linkages. Their lipoplexes delivered siRNAs efficiently to cells, in vitro, without any severe toxicity.
Andersen F Alan - - 2010
Calendula officinalis extract, C officinalis flower, C officinalis flower extract, C officinalis flower oil, and C officinalis seed oil are cosmetic ingredients derived from C officinalis. These ingredients may contain minerals, carbohydrates, lipids, phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, coumarins, sterols and steroids, monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, triterpenes, tocopherols, quinones, amino acids, and resins. ...
Mu Xiaobo - - 2010
As one of general anesthetics, propofol, has been used for surgical procedures of visceral organs. However, the mechanisms underlying the action of propofol on visceral nociception remain controversial. The aim of this study is to test whether the antinociception of systemic administration of propofol against visceral stimuli is related to ...
Kaplan Lewis J - - 2010
Significant attention has been recently focused on both maintenance fluid and resuscitation fluid use in critical care. Accordingly, a focused review of the properties of crystalloid and colloid fluids, their expected benefits, and potential deleterious side effects is appropriate and timely. Despite their ubiquitous use, well described side effects, and ...
Jan Muhammad - - 2010
Peptic ulcer is mostly produced due to the over production of gastric acid. This study was undertaken to find out the effects of extract from the leaves of medicinal plant Olea europea (which contains documented natural Calcium channel blocker) on volume and acidity of Carbachol induced gastric section. Its effects ...
Sakuma Koji - - 2010
We applied the heat citric acid disinfection method in the main part of the central dialysis fluid delivery system (MPCDDS), which consists of a multiple-patient dialysis fluid supply unit, dialysis console units, and dialysis fluid piping. This disinfection method has been used for single-patient dialysis machines, but this is the ...
Tichý Miloň - - 2010
Toxicity of perfluorinated carboxylic acids with carbon chain C(8) to C(12) were tested with oligochaeta Tubifex tubifex. Toxicity was evaluated as the exposure time ET(50) from onset of damage of the oligochaeta in saturated aqueous solutions. The ET(50) fluctuated between 25 and 257 minutes. No statistically significant difference was found ...
Andreou Dimitrios - - 2010
Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in serotonin synthesis. We investigated possible relationships between five TPH1 gene polymorphisms and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of the major serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), the major dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA), and the major norepinephrine metabolite 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) in healthy volunteers (n=132). ...
Kumar Rakesh - - 2010
Fluids whose flow properties can be altered by light are an emerging class of functional materials, with potential applications in microscale actuators and valves. While many such photorheological (PR) fluids have been developed over the years, most are based on specialized organized molecules that require synthesis. We have instead sought ...
Bender K - - 2010
There has been a marked decline in the fertility of dairy cows over the past decades, and metabolomic analysis offers a potential to investigate the underlying causes. Metabolite composition of the follicular fluid, which presents the intrafollicular environment, may be an important factor affecting oocyte maturation and subsequent early embryo ...
Coccaro Emil F - - 2010
While the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid 5-HIAA (CSF 5-HIAA) and aggression is typically reported as inverse, studies of some groups of aggressive individuals demonstrate a positive (or no) relationship, between these two variables. It is possible that simultaneous examination of both CSF 5-HIAA and CSF homovanillic acid (HVA), which co-vary ...
Kaiser Elmar - - 2010
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers play an important role in the differential diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and its postulated precursor stage mild cognitive impairment (MCI). While CSF tau protein, phospho-tau protein and beta-amyloid have become part of the diagnostic process in clinical routine, the importance of ...
Hugentobler S A - - 2010
Early embryo loss is a major factor affecting the conception rate in cattle. Up to 40% of cattle embryos die within 3 weeks of fertilisation while they are nutritionally dependent on oviduct and uterine fluids for their survival. Inadequate systemic progesterone is one of the factors contributing to this loss. ...
Bowman Gene L GL Department of Neurology, Layton Center for Aging and Alzheimer's Disease Research, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA. - - 2010
Oxidative damage is a consistent finding in a number of central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Uric acid (UA) is a potent hydrophilic antioxidant that is modified by diet and drug. Several lines of evidence suggest that plasma UA may modulate outcomes in neurologic disease, but little attention has been paid ...
Brouns Raf - - 2010
Improved insight in the role of neurotransmitters in acute cerebral ischemic injury may be fundamental for the successful development of novel therapeutic approaches. We investigated excitatory amino acids and monoaminergic neurotransmitters in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of acute ischemic stroke patients and their relation to stroke characteristics. CSF concentrations of glutamate, ...
Leung Sumie - - 2010
RATIONALE: Schizophrenia is commonly associated with impairments in pre-attentive change detection, as represented by reduced mismatch negativity (MMN). While the neurochemical basis of MMN has been linked to N-methyl-D: -aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor function, the roles of the dopaminergic and/or the serotonergic systems are not fully explored in humans. OBJECTIVES: ...
Ogundare Michael - - 2010
In this study we have profiled the free sterol content of cerebrospinal fluid by a combination of charge tagging and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Surprisingly, the most abundant cholesterol metabolites were found to be C(27) and C(24) intermediates of the bile acid biosynthetic pathways with structures corresponding to 7alpha-hydroxy-3-oxocholest-4-en-26-oic acid ...
Protas P T - - 2009
The aim of this study was to ascertain whether changes in the concentrations of cerebrospinal fluid excitatory amino acids (EAAs) contribute to neurotoxicity of the standard acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) treatment protocols. We found a statistically significant increase in glutamate and aspartate in 12 ALL patients during their treatment. Cognitive ...
Miller Tricia M TM Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, - - 2009
Currently, there are few biomarkers to predict the risk of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm (SV) in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. Mono and dioxygenated arachidonic acid metabolites, involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic injury, may serve as indicators of SV. This study developed a quantitative UPLC-MS/MS method to simultaneously measure hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid ...
Kay Graham W - - 2009
Anomalies in neuropeptides and neuroactive amino acids have been postulated to play a role in neurodegeneration in a variety of diseases including the inherited neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs, Batten disease). These are often indicated by concentration changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Here we compare CSF neuropeptide concentrations in patients with ...
Graça Gonçalo - - 2009
An NMR-metabonomic study of malformed fetuses was carried out through human amniotic fluid (HAF) analysis. Over 70 compounds were detected in control HAF by NMR. Possible confounding variables (fetus gender and gestational and maternal ages) were shown not to induce detectable compositional trends in the control group considered. Malformed fetuses ...
Ide Shuhei - - 2010
We report sibling cases of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency, which is a very rare congenital metabolic disorder. These patients were born to healthy and non-consanguineous parents, and presented oculogyric crises, paroxysmal dystonic attacks, and severe psychomotor retardation since early infancy. In cerebrospinal fluid the levels of homovanilic acid ...
Green Jack - - 2009
Five representative terrestrial analogs of lunar craters are detailed relevant to Precambrian fumarolic activity. Fumarolic fluids contain the ingredients for protolife. Energy sources to derive formaldehyde, amino acids and related compounds could be by flow charging, charge separation and volcanic shock. With no photodecomposition in shadow, most fumarolic fluids at ...
Mulla Ismael A L - - 2009
The established stability of carbon-paste electrodes (CPEs) in brain extracellular fluid was exploited to develop a voltammetric technique to monitor the dopamine metabolite, homovanillic acid (HVA), at 10 s intervals. At the scan rates needed for this time resolution, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), electrogenerated as a result of HVA oxidation, was ...
Kraus Michael A - - 2009
Often, too little consideration is given to the fluids used in all forms of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). However, errors in fluid prescription, delivery, or creation can be rapidly fatal; in addition, fluid associated expenses can be the overriding cost in continuous renal replacement therapies. While a standard solution ...
Hua Qian - - 2009
Previous studies have shown that Qing Kai Ling, a traditional Chinese medicine, was able to effectively prevent the inflammation from cerebral ischemia (Chen et al., 2002). The cholalic acid and hyodeoxycholalic acid (cholalic acid mixture) was major active components in Qing Kai Ling. To study the effects of cholalic acid ...
Mattsson N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the arachodinic acid metabolites prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and 15-(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are elevated and reflect neuroinflammation and degenerative changes in multiple sclerosis (MS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We measured PGE2 and 15(S)-HETE concentrations, as well as markers of axonal and astroglial ...
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