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Results 401 - 450 of 1216
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Surtees R - - 1994
1. Folate deficiency, or inborn errors of folate metabolism, cause reduced turnover of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin), and perhaps dopamine, in the central nervous system. The mechanism by which this occurs are not known. One possibility is that this is mediated by deficiency of the methyl-donor S-adenosylmethionine. 2. To test this in ...
Krishnan B - - 1994
We report the histopathologic features of the knee bone and synovium and the cytologic features of the synovial fluid from a patient with alpha-mannosidosis. The synovium showed marked papillary hyperplasia with infiltration of foamy histiocytes containing periodic acid-Schiff-positive, diastase-resistant material. Severe degenerative changes were seen in the knee bone. The ...
Takeuchi Y - - 1994
Analyses of tryptophan and tyrosine metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid were performed to examine an abnormality of the monoamine neurone system in severe infantile spinal muscular atrophy (SMA type I). The levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and homovanillic acid were significantly lower than those in controls. Decreases in the concentration of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic ...
Javitt N B - - 1994
The notion that a breast-gut connection might modulate the microenvironment of breast tissue was supported by the finding that breast cyst fluid contains bile acids that are characteristically found in the intestines. To establish that the gut, rather than circulating steroid precursors, is the source of bile acids in breast ...
Keller T - - 1994
An ingestion of an unknown quantity of U 46 D-Fluid (500 g dichlorophenoxyacetic acid/l) in a suicide is described. Although 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4 D) is widely used as a herbicide, intoxications are relatively rare. Quantitation of 2,4-D was performed by diethyl ether extraction from acidified samples (viscera) or by deproteinization ...
Kabuto H - - 1994
The action of kainic acid (KA), quisqualic acid (QA), and 1-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-piperazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (pCB-PzDA) was investigated in the central nervous system of male Sprague Dawley rats. Intracerebroventricularly injected KA and QA (100 nmol) induced spike discharges, and pCB-PzDA (100 nmol) suppressed electrocorticograms for one hour. pCB-PzDA enhanced the KA-induced spike discharges ...
Yamamoto H - - 1994
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 8 patients with symptomatic infantile spasms was collected before specific treatment for infantile spasms. The concentration of CSF kynurenic acid (KYA) and 3-hydroxykynurenine (3-OHKY) in infantile spasms was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography and compared with CSF KYA from 10 age-matched controls. The levels of CSF ...
Tsai T H - - 1994
A rapid and sensitive set-up consisting of a microbore HPLC with electrochemical detection coupled with two serial on-line microdialysis systems was described to simultaneously measure endogenous levels of acetylcholine (ACh), choline (Ch), dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in freely ...
Jaeken J - - 1994
We perform systematically amino acid analysis of the CSF before and after strong acid hydrolysis in children with unexplained neurological disease. By comparing the amino acid pattern before and after hydrolysis, defects can be traced in the metabolism not only of amino acids but also of purines, peptides, N-acetylated amino ...
Men D S - - 1994
Extracellular serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and their metabolites, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid (HVA), were assessed in the rat lumbar spinal cord (L3-4) by in vivo microdialysis with high performance liquid chromatography and electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD). Under urethane-chloralose anesthesia, basal levels of 5-HT and DA in ...
Fuller M F - - 1994
The contribution of losses via the gastrointestinal tract to maintenance amino acid requirements was assessed by collecting the ileostomy fluid of volunteers given a protein-free diet for 5 d. The subjects were eight adult men and women with terminal ileum ileostomies after ulcerative colitis. Four consecutive 24-h collections of both ...
Thiel A - - 1994
We studied the effect of the atypical neuroleptic clozapine (CLO) on homovanillic acid (HVA) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in five patients with spasmocid torticollis. Lumbar puncture was performed before and on the seventh day of CLO treatment. Although an HVA elevation was to be expected because of the antidopaminergic action ...
Rae A S - - 1994
The olfactory bulb of the sheep brain is hollow, the cavity (olfactory ventricle or rhinocele) is connected to the anterior horn of the lateral ventricle by a narrow channel and contains cerebrospinal fluid (c.s.f.). In an apparently healthy black-faced lamb, longitudinal sections stained Giemsa Wright showed nodules of cellular proliferation ...
Espino A - - 1994
Monoamine metabolites and amino acid concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 33 untreated patients with parkinsonian syndrome, and 20 control patients without specific neurological symptoms have been compared with those obtained in cerebrospinal fluid of rats intrastriatally lesioned with 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) and sham operated animals. Homovanillic acid content was ...
Pedersen F B - - 1994
During long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment, the biocompatibility of the dialysis fluid is one of the factors that determine the functional integrity of the peritoneal mesothelium and stroma, and the alertness and functional capacity of the peritoneal host defense system. In vitro studies show that conventional acidic lactate-based PD solutions ...
Suda H - - 1993
The modernized limulus lysate assay on cerebrospinal fluid pretreated by the new perchloric acid (PCA) treatment was evaluated in one patient with Escherichia coli meningitis and four non-meningitis patients. The endotoxin (ET) concentration was much higher by the new PCA treatment than by the ordinary dilution method in the exacerbation ...
Kelley R I - - 1993
A method is described for quantification of the trace metabolite, 3-methylglutaconic acid, by isotope-dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry using synthetic 3-[2,4,6-13C3]methylglutaconic acid. Results are shown for quantification of 3-methylglutaconic acid in plasma, urine, cerebrospinal fluid and amniotic fluid for both normal controls and patients with different forms of 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. A ...
Stempels N - - 1993
A microdialysis system with a removable probe and a fixed scleral entry port is presented. The probe can be inserted several times with minimal trauma, permitting repeated sampling in one animal. The functioning of the setup is illustrated by the measurement of dopamine, dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid, and noradrenaline in the ...
Batshaw M L - - 1993
Levels of the excitotoxin quinolinic acid (QUIN) were measured in the cerebrospinal fluid of infants and children with congenital hyperammonemia. Twofold to tenfold elevations of QUIN were found in 4 neonates in hyperammonemic coma (QUIN range, 250-990 nM; control mean, 110 +/- 90 nM; p < 0.005). Similar elevations of ...
Tuckwell H C - - 1993
The results of several experiments in which homovanillic acid (HVA) concentrations were measured, mainly in the cerebrospinal fluid, of schizophrenics are examined using Fisher's combination procedure. It is found that the data does not support the claim that the level of this dopamine catabolite is raised whereas some evidence strongly ...
Alburges M E - - 1993
This report details a very sensitive, rapid and accurate ion-pair HPLC-ECD method for the analysis of biogenic amines and their metabolites in brain tissue. The method described enables detection of picogram amounts of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy phenethyleneglycol (MHPG) (37 pg), 3,4-dihydroxy phenylacetic acid (DOPAC) (18 pg), norepinephrine (NE) (12 pg), epinephrine (E) ...
Minami T - - 1993
We purified a phospholipase A2 (PLA2) from human ileal mucosa to homogeneity. Its NH2-terminal amino acid sequence, amino acid composition, molecular weight, and elution behavior on reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography were identical to those of human group II PLA2 purified from synovial fluid or spleen. The ileal PLA2 preferred ...
Gil-Loyzaga P - - 1993
Dopamine (DA) appears to be one of the putative neurotransmitters of the lateral efferent olivocochlear fibers. However, its role in the cochlear physiology remains unknown. In this study, animals were exposed for 1 h to white noise at 70, 90 or 110 dB SPL or were kept in silence conditions. ...
Baker A J - - 1993
Evidence from models of traumatic brain injury implicates excitotoxicity as an integral process in the ultimate neuronal damage that follows. Concentrations of the excitatory amino acid glutamate were serially measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with traumatic brain injuries and in control patients for comparison. The purpose of ...
Salvioli G - - 1993
The concentrations of lipids, bile acids and proteins were evaluated in the ascitic fluid and plasma of 23 cirrhotics. Ascitic fluid density was highly correlated with its protein content, represented mostly by low molecular weight proteins. The ratio of plasma to ascitic fluid concentrations of nine examined proteins increased with ...
Takeda N - - 1993
1. The three-dimensional HPLC system was used to detect the presence and determine the levels of biogenic monoamines, including precursor amino acids and metabolites, simultaneously in an extract of the ciliated protozoan, Tetrahymena pyriformis. 2. Representative biogenic monoamines, such as dopamine (DA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), epinephrine (E) and kynurenine (KYN) were ...
Gibson K M - - 1993
A stable-isotope dilution assay has been developed for quantitation of D- and L-2-hydroxyglutaric acids in physiologic fluids. D- and L-2-hydroxyglutaric acids are separated as the O-acetyl-di-(D)-2-butyl esters. The method uses D,L-[3,3,4,4-2H4]-2-hydroxyglutaric acid as internal standard with ammonia chemical ionization, selected ion monitoring gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. For 13 patients with L-2-hydroxyglutaric ...
Ikarashi Y Y Department of Neuropsychopharmacology Tsumura, Gunma University School of Medicine, - - 1993
The determination of acetylcholine and choline using liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection using the approach of Potter et al. [J. Neurochem., 41 (1983) 188] normally requires isolation of the desired species before an analysis of tissue samples can be undertaken due to coeluting interferences afforded by other neutrochemicals. We have ...
Allen R H - - 1993
Citrate synthase catalyzes the condensation of acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) and oxaloacetic acid to form citric acid. The enzyme also catalyzes the condensation of propionyl-CoA and oxaloacetic acid with a maximal reaction velocity (Vmax) approximately 10(-4) times that of acetyl-CoA to form 2-methylcitric acid, which contains two asymmetric carbon atoms and ...
Hoffmann G F GF Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego - - 1993
Quantitative reference values for the concentrations of organic acids in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma, as well as ratios of individual organic acids between CSF and plasma, were determined in twenty-three pairs of samples from pediatric patients. Twenty-six organic acids were present and quantifiable in all or the majority of ...
Needlman R - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Cocaine acts in the central nervous system by increasing dopamine release and inhibiting the reuptake of dopamine and other monoaminergic neurotransmitters. Prenatal cocaine exposure may cause neurochemical changes in developing monoaminergic neurons and might alter brain structure and function. No data have been published on central nervous system monoamine ...
Tong S - - 1993
The actions of the 38- and 27-amino acid forms of synthetic pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-38 and PACAP-27) on cerebral arterioles were tested in anesthetized newborn pigs equipped with closed cranial windows. The diameter changes of pial arterioles to topical PACAP were measured and cortical periarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid samples were ...
Päivärinta M A - - 1993
Increased monoamine metabolism in experimental herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis is well established. Both serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) systems are affected. HSV invades the raphe nuclei after its entry into the brain stem. However, no studies have been published concerning influences of HSV on the neurotransmitters in the raphe. ...
Kontur P J - - 1993
Both fresh and cryopreserved-thawed human fetal ventral mesencephalon have been used for preclinical research and implantation into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease. Further characterization and an evaluation of the effects of cryopreservation on immunocytochemical and neurochemical markers of monoamine neurons in human fetal ventral mesencephalic tissue are reported ...
Falck B - - 1993
We recently reported the existence of two kinds of human epidermal Langerhans' cells (LC), one which can take up and accumulate L-dopa and one which cannot. The dopa(+) LC take up L-dopa by carrier-mediated exchange diffusion, that is, the influx of L-dopa and the outflow of an intracellular substance are ...
Rao M L - - 1993
Circadian rhythm abnormalities have been described in various psychiatric disorders, but they have not received much attention in studies of schizophrenia and schizophreniform psychosis. The present study used the cosine model to determine the circadian patterns of amino acids, dopamine, and prolactin concentrations, which were analyzed over a 24-hour period ...
Guerra-Romero L - - 1993
Excitatory amino acids are increasingly implicated in the pathogenesis of neuronal injury induced by a variety of CNS insults, such as ischemia, trauma, hypoglycemia, and epilepsy. Little is known about the role of amino acids in causing CNS injury in bacterial meningitis. Several amino acids were measured in cerebrospinal fluid ...
Niklasson B - - 1993
6 patients employed in the metalworking industry developed a hand dermatitis after exposure to a vegetable-oil-based cutting fluid. After thorough investigation, including patch testing with components in the cutting fluid as well as an oil and cutting fluid series, contact allergy was demonstrated to a fatty acid ester EM-550 in ...
Kärkelä J T - - 1993
By studying early postmortem changes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) it is possible to draw conclusions as to premortem focal brain cell injury and terminal brain ischemia. Cisternal fluid (CF) from 40 different adult cadavers with no known neurological disorder was analyzed and compared with known in vivo values. They were ...
Roelcke U - - 1993
The blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB) function in man is derived from the CSF:serum ratio of albumin (QAlb). In order to study other than BCB protein transport we compared CSF:serum ratios of fatty acids in patients revealing normal and increased QAlb values. Ratios of unsaturated fatty acids, which are involved in ...
Bendahan G - - 1993
Ibotenic acid-induced lesion of the basal forebrain resulted after 13 days in a 90% reduction of octopamine (OA) in the frontoparietal cortex of adult rats, whereas dihydroxyphenylacetic (DOPAC), homovanillic (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic (5-HIAA) acids were not modified as measured by microdialysis and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection. At ...
Misu Y - - 1993
Since the 1960s, L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa), a precursor of dopamine, has been thought to occur in the cytoplasm of catecholaminergic neurones. L-Dopa is traditionally believed to be an inert amino acid that exerts actions and effectiveness in Parkinson's disease via its conversion to dopamine by L-aromatic amino acid decarboxylase. In contrast ...
Martínez F - - 1993
A current hypothesis for migraine suggests that neuroexcitatory amino acids may participate in the triggering of attacks. To investigate this possibility we measured glutamic and aspartic acid level in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with common and classic migraine during attacks, making comparisons with controls suffering stress. Plasma ...
Martin X D - - 1993
Dopamine is known to stimulate ion transport in the corneal epithelium. Since epithelium is in contact with tears, we searched for dopamine and its metabolites in tears. Twenty normal subjects participated in this study. Twenty microliters of tears were collected in capillary tubes after trigeminal stimulation and immediately analyzed using ...
Hørven I - - 1993
Fucidic acid viscous eye drops 1% given twice daily was compared with chloramphenicol eye drops 0.5% given 6 times daily in patients with acute conjunctivitis. Patients were recruited from 38 general practitioners in Norway. The mean duration of treatment was 6.6 days for Fucidic acid, 6.2 days for chloramphenicol. There ...
Akgür F M - - 1993
Hypoxanthine has been shown to be a sensitive and more specific measure of hypoxia than lactate in several body fluids other than peritoneal fluid. An experimental study was conducted to determine the value of peritoneal fluid hypoxanthine besides lactic acid levels in detecting vascular compromise of the intestine. Thirty male ...
Robert F - - 1993
An on-line microdialysis approach was developed to estimate changes in tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the locus ceruleus noradrenergic neurons of anesthetized rats by measuring the 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) accumulation in the extracellular fluid during perfusion of an aromatic amino acid decarboxylase inhibitor through a dialysis probe. The aromatic amino acid decarboxylase ...
Fleming M W - - 1993
1. Catecholamines from infective larvae of Haemonchus contortus were extracted, separated on HPLC, and measured on an electrochemical detector. DOMA 18 ng/100,000 larvae: NE 6 ng: E 1 ng: DA 1 ng 2. Levels of norepinephrine decreased below detection level rapidly after gassing with CO2. 3. Levels of 3,4-dihydroxymandelic acid ...
Fukuoka T - - 1993
Evidence of permeation of panipenem through the OprD (D2) channel of Pseudomonas aeruginosa outer membrane was shown by using OprD protein-producing and -nonproducing strains which contained plasmid pHN4, which codes for L-1 beta-lactamase of Xanthomonas maltophilia. Permeation by panipenem was determined by measuring hydrolysis of the carbapenem by beta-lactamase in ...
Miyamoto J K - - 1993
The effects of N-methylmaleimide (N-MtM), a vacuolar H(+)-ATPase inhibitor, were evaluated in the putamen of the cat to study the in vivo transport mechanisms of dopamine (DA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and their metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA), using the brain focal microdialysis technique combined with ...
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