Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1219
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Andre M H - - 1996
This study aims to evaluate whether or not the kinetics of L-dopa, its main metabolites (3-O-methyldopa, 3-OMD, homovanilic acid, HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, DOPAC) and carbidopa, vary according to the 24-hour scale in rats. Four groups of seven adult male Wistar AF EOPS rats were used for these experiments; each ...
Almenoff P L - - 1996
To explore further the possible etiologic role of mycobacteria in the development of sarcoidosis, we measured free, nonbound tuberculostearic acid (TSA, 10-methyloctadecanoic), a component of mycobacteria, in the sera of subjects with sarcoidosis or active untreated pulmonary tuberculosis and in healthy controls by use of frequency-pulsed electron capture gas-liquid chromatography ...
Allison N - - 1995
A newly isolated strain of Variovorax paradoxus could grow on homovanillate and several monohydroxylated phenylacetic acids. During growth on homovanillate, the organism formed separate NAD(P)H-dependent hydroxylases with activity towards 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillate. Homovanillate hydroxylase catalysed a typical monooxygenase reaction and had little activity towards 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid GC-MS and TLC ...
Pryor W A - - 1995
Ozone is so reactive that it can be predicted to be entirely consumed as it passes through the first layer of tissue it contacts at the lung/air interface. This layer includes the lung lining fluid (tracheobronchial surface fluid and alveolar and small airway lining fluid) and, where the lung lining ...
Rothrock J F - - 1995
To investigate the role of central neurotransmitters in the pathogenesis of migraine, we measured cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of certain amino acids (glycine, taurine, glutamine) and metabolites of biogenic amines (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and homovanillic acid) in 38 migraine patients and compared them with the levels from 10 headache-free controls. The ...
Nouadje G - - 1995
Capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIF) was used to analyze a 50-microliters sample of cerebrospinal fluid from leukaemic children treated with high doses of methotrexate. Free amino acids and primary amines are labelled with fluorescein isothiocyanate prior to analysis. Electropherograms containing more than 50 peaks were obtained in less ...
Chen P - - 1995
A chromatographic method base don a combination of ion-exclusion chromatography separation and bulk acoustic wave series piezoelectric quartz crystal detector quantification for the determination of pyruvic acid and lactic acid in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was developed. The separation was carried out using a Shim-pak SCR-102H ion-exclusion column with ...
Wu G - - 1995
Free amino acid concentrations were determined in amniotic and allantoic fluids and in fetal and maternal uterine plasma of pigs during gestation. Glycine and glutamine were the most abundant free amino acids in maternal uterine arterial and fetal umbilical venous plasma, respectively. Plasma fetal/maternal ratios were remarkably < 1 for ...
Xu C L - - 1995
A novel enzyme that converts dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) to dihydroxyphenylethanol (DOPET) was found to be present in the microdialysate of the rat brain. The enzyme, named DOPAC reductase, was inhibited by EDTA and stimulated by divalent cations like Zn2+, Mn2+, Co2+ and Cu2+. Its Km, pH optimum and temperature optimum ...
Legge M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To investigate amnioic fluid organic concentrations at 16 weeks gestation from normal fetuses and those affected by severe neural tube defects. METHODS: Amniotic fluid collected from normal, anencephalic and severe open spina bifida fetuses was analysed for up to 24 organic acids by gas liquid chromatography. RESULTS: Significant increase ...
Haynes J H - - 1995
In many species, open cutaneous fetal wounds do not heal in utero. Such open wounds have been shown to close only after their exclusion from amniotic fluid, thus leading to the hypothesis that amniotic fluid inhibits open wound healing. Therefore the effect of amniotic fluid exposure on the healing of ...
Olmstead C E - - 1995
The effects of neonatal hydrocephalus on the levels of tyrosine, tryptophan, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and homovanillic acid (HVA) in CSF were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorometric detection in normal and chronically hydrocephalic rabbits. The hydrocephalic rabbits showed a highly significant increase in both the serotonin metabolite 5-HIAA ...
Nishimura F - - 1995
Free amino acid composition of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the rat was measured to examine if electrical activity of neurons in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH) is modulated by amino acids at CSF levels. In CSF collected through a cannula in the cerebromedullary cistern of freely moving rats, ...
Tuinier S - - 1995
Over the past 15 years several clinical studies have been published dealing with the hypothesis that disturbances in central serotonergic functioning could be related to outward directed aggression and impulsivity. Close reading of the 22 relevant reports, however, raises doubt about the unequivocality of the results across diagnostic boundaries and ...
Steinlechner S - - 1995
Daily profiles of melatonin content in the retina of Djungarian hamsters were measured throughout the course of a year. Peak levels of retinal melatonin were found at various times of the day at different seasons. In a subsequent study we determined concurrently daily profiles of nine indole metabolites (tryptophan, 5-hydroxytryptophan, ...
Greco A V - - 1995
The fasting concentration of free fatty acids (FFA) in the ascitic fluid was determined in 14 patients with malignant ascites and in 19 patients with liver cirrhosis. In malignant ascites FFA levels were increased more than three times when compared with the levels in cirrhotic ascites (5.241 +/- 0.493 vs. ...
Santiago M - - 1995
The effect of inhibitors of complex I respiratory chain--1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+, 10 microM) and rotenone (100 microM)--on the release and metabolism of dopamine was studied by in vivo microdialysis in the striatum and substantia nigra. Both compounds produced a marked increase in the release of dopamine in the striatum and ...
Ben-Menachem E - - 1995
Gabapentin (GBP) is a non-protein-bound gamma amino acid which is not subjected to metabolic degradation in man. As part of a placebo-controlled double-blind study, patients suffering from intractable complex partial seizures with or without secondary generalization were followed with lumbar punctures at baseline and after three months of GBP treatment ...
Cravatt B F - - 1995
A molecule isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of sleep-deprived cats has been chemically characterized and identified as cis-9,10-octadecenoamide. Other fatty acid primary amides in addition to cis-9,10-octadecenoamide were identified as natural constituents of the cerebrospinal fluid of cat, rat, and human, indicating that these compounds compose a distinct family of ...
Takaya T - - 1995
A peroral dosage form was examined to deliver recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) to the colon in beagle dogs. A new gelatin capsule with its inside surface coated with ethylcellulose was prepared for this purpose. RhG-CSF was dissolved with propylene glycol and was filled in the capsule. Several kinds ...
Khan J K - - 1995
Neurolathyrism is caused by overconsumption of seeds containing 3-N-oxalyl-L-2,3-diaminopropanoic acid (beta-ODAP). Amino acids levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were studied in 50 patients with neurolathyrism and 12 healthy volunteers. The levels of excitatory amino acids glutamate and aspartate were 281% and 71% respectively of control values. The concentration of inhibitory ...
Goldstein D S - - 1995
Plasma and CSF concentrations of endogenous L-DOPA, catecholamines, and metabolites of monoamines were assayed in a patient with atypical phenylketonuria due to absent dihydropteridine reductase (DHPR), before and during treatment with folinic acid, Sinemet, and 5-hydroxytryptophan. The patient had low but detectable levels of L-DOPA, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol ...
Nagata K - - 1995
A high concentration of a type of cholic acid, 7 alpha-hydroxy-3-oxo-4-cholestenoic acid, is observed in the content of chronic subdural hematoma. To investigate the possible causes, the level of this compound was measured in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients who underwent surgery for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage or non-hemorrhagic diseases. The ...
Wevers R A - - 1995
This study describes a standardized method for recording single-pulse 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectra from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Quantitative data for alanine, valine, threonine, and lactic acid correlated well with data obtained with conventional techniques. The pH of the samples is important for the reproducibility of the chemical shift of ...
Pean A R - - 1995
Cysteine and its metabolites cysteine sulphinic acid (CSA) and taurine (TA) were shown to be toxic to human and rat neuronal cell lines. However, the mechanisms of action of CSA and TA appeared to be different. As MND/ALS patients have high plasma and CSF cysteine levels, they may have increased ...
Demitrack M A - - 1995
In brain, most L-tryptophan is metabolized to indoleamines, whereas in systemic tissues L-tryptophan is catabolized to kynurenine pathway metabolites. Among these latter compounds are: quinolinic acid, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist; kynurenic acid, an antagonist of excitatory amino acid receptors that also reduces quinolinic acid-mediated neurotoxicity; and L-kynurenine, a possible convulsant. ...
Gupta M - - 1995
Deprenyl is a selective monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitor and has been used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. However, it is not known whether deprenyl effects are symptomatic or pharmacological. Aging mice were partially lesioned with MPTP. Control and MPTP-treated mice were given deprenyl in drinking water for 14 ...
Mas M - - 1995
The extracellular levels of the dopamine (DA) metabolites dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) and the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of male rats were monitored during unrestricted copulation, the ensuing state of sexual refractoriness and the resumption of mating activity. MPOA dialysates ...
Nordin C - - 1995
Lumbar puncture at the L4-5 level was performed on 12 healthy male and 12 healthy female volunteers. Confirming previous results, we found pronounced gradients in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) 5-HIAA and HVA (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and homovanillic acid). We also found a gradient in 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol (HMPG), but only in the male volunteers. ...
Pranzatelli M R - - 1995
To study the purported role of central monoamine disturbances in the pathophysiology of the opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome, the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and the dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid were measured in cerebrospinal fluid samples from 27 affected children and 47 age- and gender-matched control subjects by high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical ...
Millot F - - 1995
Acute or subacute neurologic disorders can be observed in patients receiving high-dose methotrexate therapy for lymphoblastic leukemia or malignant tumor. Impairment of biopterin metabolism leading to decreased availability of monoamine neurotransmitters has been suggested to explain methotrexate neurotoxicity. To investigate such a mechanism, we have measured prospectively by HPLC the ...
Loeffler D A - - 1995
Though depletion of CSF homovanillic acid (HVA) concentration has often been regarded as a direct indicator of dopamine (DA) deficiency in Parkinson's Disease (PD), CSF HVA is normal in mildly affected patients. To explore why, we measured DA and its metabolites in striatum and CSF in rabbits receiving reserpine for ...
Verhoeven N M - - 1995
Quantitative analysis of the following peroxisomal metabolites is reported: very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA), pipecolic acid, bile acid intermediates, phytanic and pristanic acid, in plasma, urine, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), blood spots collected at neonatal screening and amniotic fluid. An overview is given of the concentrations of these metabolites in body ...
Fiszer-Szafarz B - - 1995
The polymorphism of hyaluronidase (EC 3.2.1.35) (Hyase) was studied on a hyaluronan-polyacrylamide gel. Liver, placenta, ovary and breast tissue were found to have 7 active isoforms while leukocytes and platelets 5 and fibroblasts displayed no hyaluronidase activity. In serum, synovial fluid and urine soluble the most acidic forms are present. ...
Zhang J - - 1994
The aim of this study was to determine the time course of changes in extracellular fluid (ECF) concentrations of purines, amino acids, monoamines, and their metabolites in the striatum of rats during ischemia and reperfusion, using intracerebral microdialysis as the sampling technique. In rats subjected to 20 min forebrain ischemia ...
Smith D S - - 1994
A polyclonal antiserum was raised in mice against domoic acid. Two of three immunogens consisted of domoic acid coupled to ovalbumin (OVA) and keyhole limpet haemocyanin at molar ratios of 47:1 and 44:1, respectively using a carbodiimide reaction. Titres of both antisera exceeded 1/35,000 against domoic acid coupled to the ...
DeMarco D M - - 1994
The object of this study was to determine the effects of eicosanoid precursor fatty acids on activation and proliferation of T lymphocytes from synovial fluid and synovial tissue of rheumatoid arthritis patients. Proliferation was determined by direct cell counts; phenotypic characterization of surfaces molecules was by cytofluorometric analysis. Dihomogammalinolenic acid, ...
Fumero B - - 1994
This report compares the changes in the main dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) metabolites, respectively dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and 5-hydroxy indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in three relatively close brain regions, namely the nucleus accumbens (ACB), the medial preoptic area, and the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH), as well as DA in the ...
Bergquist J - - 1994
Capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection is used to analyze 10 microL samples of human cerebrospinal fluid. Primary amine-containing compounds in untreated cerebrospinal fluid are labeled with 3-(4-carboxybenzoyl)-2-quinolinecarboxaldehyde prior to analysis, producing fluorescent isoindoles. Electropherograms containing approximately 50 peaks are obtained in less than 35 min from cerebrospinal fluid samples. ...
Carter A J - - 1994
A microbore high-performance liquid chromatographic method with electrochemical detection was developed for the measurement of small quantities of dopamine and its metabolites, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid, in microdialysis samples from rat striatum. The limit of detection of dopamine was in the low nmol/l range (10 fmol/40 microliters dialysate). Standard ...
Fisher G H - - 1994
This is the first report of the presence of free D-amino acids in lumbar and ventricular human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD) compared with CSF of normal control subjects and with individuals affected by multiple sclerosis, as an unrelated neurologic disorder. Free D-amino acids are present ...
Stempels N - - 1994
A method of intravitreous microdialysis in vivo is used to measure the vitreal concentration of catecholamines and their metabolites after laser panphotocoagulation of rabbit retina. Noradrenaline, dopamine and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid could be measured. No significant immediate effects of laser coagulation on their concentration could be demonstrated. After 4 days an ...
Altemus M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effect of long-term (mean, 19 months) treatment with clomipramine hydrochloride on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of several neuropeptides and monoamine metabolites in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. METHODS: The CSF levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone, vasopressin, somatostatin, and oxytocin and of the monoamine metabolites 5-hydroxyindoleacetic ...
Roettger V R - - 1994
A small volume in the extracellular space of the medulla in the anesthetized cat was perfused with cisternal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using a push-pull technique. The recovered perfusate was a mixture of pushed CSF and the extracellular fluid. HPLC-EC analysis showed that the concentration of some primary amino acids in ...
Glick S D - - 1994
Using in vivo microdialysis, this study attempted to determine whether a neurochemical predisposition to self-administer cocaine could be identified. Estimated extracellular levels of dopamine and its metabolites were measured bilaterally in the mesocorticolimbic and nigrostriatal systems of naive rats that were subsequently trained to self-administer cocaine intravenously. There were several ...
Molina-Holgado E - - 1994
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan (5-HTP), dopamine (DA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and their metabolites were measured in the rostral neostriatum of adult rats neonatally lesioned with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) after treatment with NSD-1015 (aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase inhibitor), pargyline (monoamine oxidase inhibitor) or probenecid (blocker of acidic metabolite efflux). Binding experiments with DA and ...
Goh C L - - 1994
We compared the incidence of occupational dermatitis and transepidermal water vapour loss (TEWL) changes from cutting fluids (neat mineral oils) in 24 new machinists with 27 armed forces paramedics (controls) over a 6-month period. The cumulative incidence of occupational dermatitis in positive controls increased from 38% at week 3 to ...
Candito M - - 1994
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients with a variety of neurological disorders were assayed to determine the concentrations of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), the active cofactor of hydroxylases. Dihydroneopterin (NH2) and neopterin (N), which are linked with BH4 synthesis and are inflammatory biochemical markers, were also measured simultaneously in a number of ...
Lima L - - 1994
The regeneration of explants prepared from goldfish retinas with a prior crush of the optic nerve is stimulated by the sulphur amino acid, taurine. Serotonin has been reported to modify survival, proliferation, and outgrowth of nervous tissue. In the present work we evaluated the effect of serotonin and some serotonergic ...
Eisner T - - 1994
Larvae of two insects, a coccinellid beetle (Hyperaspis trifurcata) and a chamaemyiid fly (Leucopis sp.), feed on cochineal insects and appropriate their prey's defensive chemical, carminic acid, for protective purposes of their own. H. trifurcata discharges the chemical with droplets of blood (hemolymph) that it emits when disturbed; Leucopis sp. ...
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