Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1218
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kaur Karanjit - - 2009
Prednisolone (PDS) beads were coated sequentially with (i) innermost hydrophobic layer of Eudragit RS/RL, (ii) middle drug release-triggering layer of chitosan, organic acid and Eudragit RS/RL, and (iii) outermost enteric coating layer. Continuous dissolution studies were carried out in artificial gastric fluid (pH 1.2), followed by intestinal fluid (pH 6.8), ...
Verbeek M M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of pediatric neurologic disorders with a deficiency in the biosynthesis of either the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, or the co-factor tetrahydrobiopterin or a cerebral 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) deficiency, strongly relies on a robust analysis of neurotransmitter metabolites, pterins and 5-MTHF in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The aim of ...
Fuchs Sabine A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The recent discovery and specific functions of D-amino acids in humans are bound to lead to the revelation of D-amino acid abnormalities in human disorders. Therefore, high-throughput analysis techniques are warranted to determine D-amino acids in biological fluids in a routine laboratory setting. METHODS: We developed 2 chromatographic techniques, ...
Wikoff William R WR Department of Molecular Biology and Center for Mass Spectrometry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2008
HIV infiltrates the CNS soon after an individual has become infected with the virus, and can cause dementia and encephalitis in late-stage disease. Here, a global metabolomics approach was used to find and identify metabolites differentially regulated in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of rhesus macaques with SIV-induced CNS disease, as ...
Ramautar Rawi - - 2008
The potential of capillaries noncovalently coated with charged polymers for the metabolic analysis of body fluids by CE is illustrated. Firstly, the usefulness of a coating consisting of a triple layer of polybrene-dextran sulfate-polybrene for the fast analysis of organic acids is described. The CE system allowed direct injections of ...
Shi Xue-Ru - - 2008
ATP-sensitive potassium (K-ATP) channels have been demonstrated to play important roles in the brain. In the present study, Kir6.2 knockout (Kir6.2-/-) mice were used to examine the contribution of Kir6.2-containing K-ATP channels to the regulation of neurotransmitter release via in vivo microdialysis studies. The results showed that the extracellular levels ...
Burger B V - - 2008
The territorial marking fluid of the male Bengal tiger, Panthera tigris, consists of a mixture of urine and a small quantity of lipid material that may act as a controlled-release carrier for the volatile constituents of the fluid. Using gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, 98 volatile compounds and elemental ...
Moore Ida M Ki - - 2008
Treatment advances, including central nervous system (CNS) treatment with methotrexate, have led to significant gains in disease-free survival from childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, methotrexate has been associated with neurological problems such as declines in cognitive and academic abilities. The purpose of this study was to investigate methotrexate-induced changes ...
Inoue Yoshito - - 2008
Propionic acidemia is a frequent inborn error of metabolism. Methylcitric acid, a key indicator of propionic acidemia, increases in the amniotic fluid of affected fetuses. For prenatal diagnosis, the methylcitric acid in amniotic fluid can be measured by stable-isotope dilution GC/MS. Here, we quantified this indicator in samples of amniotic ...
Ernst Andrea - - 2008
Substance P (SP) is a neuropeptide that is released from sensory nerves and several types of immune cells. It is involved in the transmission of pain and has a number of pro-inflammatory effects. Like other neuropeptides, SP is derived from a large precursor peptide, protachykinin A (PTA). Alternative splicing results ...
Engelke Udo F H - - 2008
Aminoacylase 1 deficiency is a novel inborn error of metabolism. The clinical significance of the deficiency is under discussion, as well as the possible consequences of the defect for brain metabolism and function. This study includes the five originally published cases as well as three novel ones. NMR spectroscopy of ...
Nemzek Jean A - - 2008
Exogenous carbon monoxide (CO) has anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective properties that show promise in the treatment of numerous pulmonary diseases. However, the effectiveness of CO in acute pulmonary injury associated with direct lung insult has not been shown conclusively. The purpose of this study was to determine if exogenous CO would ...
Di Stefano Antonio - - 2008
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disorder which involves the loss of dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta. Current therapy is essentially symptomatic, and L-Dopa (LD), the direct precursor of dopamine(DA), is the treatment of choice in more advanced stages of the disease. Substitution therapy with LD ...
Gopal S C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infantile hydrocephalus is a common congenital problem. Functional and behavioral disturbances associated with hydrocephalus may be due to altered neurotransmitters in the brain. The role of neurotransmitters has been established in various psychiatric and neurological conditions. Therefore, we decided to study the role of 5-hydroxy indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and ...
Tager Andrew M - - 2008
Aberrant wound-healing responses to injury have been implicated in the development of pulmonary fibrosis, but the mediators directing these pathologic responses have yet to be fully identified. We show that lysophosphatidic acid levels increase in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid following lung injury in the bleomycin model of pulmonary fibrosis, and that ...
D'Aniello G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we report that D-aspartic acid (D-Asp) occurs in human ovarian follicular fluid and that a relationship may exist between the concentration of this amino acid and oocyte quality. METHODS: Samples of pre-ovulatory follicle fluid were obtained from 20 patients undergoing an IVF programme. The concentration ...
Becker A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Interference of methotrexate (MTX) with the metabolism of homocysteine may contribute to MTX neurotoxicity. In this pilot study we measured the concentration of homocysteine and related metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma undergoing intensive treatment with MTX. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CSF ...
Li Rongfeng R Division of Animal Science, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65211, - - 2007
The concentration of free amino acids and the osmolalities in porcine oviductal (OF) and uterine fluids (UFs) on day 3 (D3) and day 5 (D5) were measured by HPLC and Vapor Pressure Osmometer, respectively. Based on these measurements we designed new media based on PZM3 by modifying the amino acid ...
Buck Kerstin - - 2008
l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA)-induced dyskinesia consists of involuntary choreiform and dystonic movements. Here we report whether intrastriatal l-DOPA itself is able to trigger dyskinetic behavior and which role the neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) and its metabolites play. Intrastriatal l-DOPA as well as DA administration at the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesioned side led to a ...
Chondrogiannis K D - - 2007
We present a case of acute lung injury associated with propofol infusion in a mechanically ventilated patient with intracerebral haemorrhage. Diagnosis was based on the exclusion of other risk factors inducing acute lung injury and on the clinical improvement after discontinuation of the propofol emulsion. Laboratory data such as the ...
Damasceno-Oliveira Alfredo - - 2007
The present study evaluated the effects of cyclic variations of hydrostatic pressure (HP) on neurotransmitters in the whole brain of flounder. The concentrations of the biogenic amines L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA) were ...
Perner Mirjam - - 2007
The ultramafic-hosted Logatchev hydrothermal field (LHF) on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge is characterized by high hydrogen and methane contents in the subseafloor, which support a specialized microbial community of phylogenetically diverse, hydrogen-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophs. We compared the prokaryotic communities of three sites located in the LHF and encountered a predominance of archaeal ...
Ha, Dao Viet
Recently we have found that domoic acid (DA), a toxin responsible for amnesic shellfish poisoning, is always detected in bivalve species belonging to a genus Spondylus randomly collected from various parts of the tropical areas including Vietnam. In Vietnam, 10 species of Spondylus are known to grow. Among these species, ...
Attygalle Athula B - - 2007
Tiglic, 2-methylbutyric, and ethacrylic acids are found in the pygidial gland defensive fluid of many carabid beetles. By injecting a deuterium-labeled precursor into the carabid beetle Pterostichus (Hypherpes) californicus, and analyzing the defensive fluid by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, we were able to demonstrate that tiglic and ethacrylic acids are biosynthesized ...
Hugentobler Sasha A - - 2007
Up to 40% of cattle embryos die within 3 weeks of fertilization while they are nutritionally dependent on the maternal environment provided by the oviduct and uterine fluids for their development and survival. Despite this dependence there is limited information on the composition of these fluids in cattle. Amino acids ...
Franceschini-Vicentini I B - - 2007
Most species of Corydoras exhibited a reproductive behaviour called 'T-position', and exhibited an accessory gland in the male genital tract, called the seminal vesicle. It appeared that both the structure and the composition of the fluid varied considerably between the species investigated. Consequently, different opinions were proposed regarding the possible ...
Cork A - - 2007
Field studies were conducted in Mexico to investigate the possibility of replacing sentinel animals as baits for female New World screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) with a synthetic odour-bait composed of compounds identified from wounds infested with the larvae of C. hominivorax. Studies using sheep held in stanchions surrounded ...
Bell Alison M - - 2007
Variable neuroendocrine responses to ecologically-relevant challenges in sticklebacks. PHYSIOL BEHAV 00(0) 000-000, 2006. Here, we compare the behavioral, endocrine and neuroendocrine responses of individual sticklebacks exposed to either an unfamiliar conspecific or to a predator. We found that the two stressors elicited a similar hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal response as assessed by whole-body ...
Tomo Tadashi - - 2007
Of the glucose degradation products (GDPs) in glucose-rich peritoneal dialysate, we investigated the influence of 3,4-dideoxyglucosone-3-ene (3,4-DGE) on the cytotoxicity of acidic heat-sterilized peritoneal dialysis fluid (L-H PDF) using human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC). We prepared acidified filtration-sterilized PDF (glucose concentration 3.86%) containing eight types of added GDP [3,4-DGE, glyoxal ...
Nordin Conny - - 2007
Amino acids, such as valine, isoleucine and leucine compete with tyrosine and tryptophan for transport into the brain and might thus affect the central serotonin and catecholamine patterns. Furthermore, the excitatory amino acids glutamic acid, aspartic acid and glycine are known to act on the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, which is part ...
Liu Hui - - 2007
Domoic acid (DA) is a highly toxic phycotoxin produced by bloom forming marine diatoms Pseudo-nitzschia spp. Bivalves can accumulate this toxin to a high level through their feeding activities, and thus illness or death in can occur in consumers of bivalves. In this study, king scallop, Pecten maximus, larvae were ...
Pérez-Neri Iván - - 2007
Citrulline and nitric oxide (NO) are synthesized by NO synthase (NOS) in a 1:1-stoichiometry. In this study, we determined by HPLC arginine and citrulline concentrations by fluorescence detection and nitrate levels by UV absorbance detection in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with acute hydrocephalus that underwent ventricular drainage. We ...
Xia X - - 2007
Curcuma longa L. (turmeric) has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine as a treatment for mental disorders including depression. The studies described here were undertaken to determine the behavioral, neurochemical and neuroendocrine effects of the ethanolic extract from Curcuma longa using the forced swimming test (FST) in male ...
Sethuraman Rama - - 2006
This study analyzes the relationship between amino acids and pain perception during active labor. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the excitatory amino acids (EAAs)-glutamate, aspartate and their amide forms, inhibitory amino acids (IAAs)-glycine, gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) and taurine and nitric oxide (NO) related compounds-arginine and citrulline (by-product of NO ...
Kale A - - 2006
Our objective was to measure maternal plasma and amniotic fluid amino acid concentrations in pregnant women diagnosed as having fetuses with gastroschisis in the second trimester of pregnancy. Twenty-one pregnant women who had fetuses with gastroschisis detected by ultrasonography (gastroschisis group) in the second trimester and 32 women who had ...
Elliott Jonathan - - 2006
Equine laminitis is the painful and debilitating condition resulting from cellular damage and inflammation of the tissues comprising the bonds supporting the pedal bone within the hoof capsule. One of the reasons why this condition is so complicated and enigmatic is its association with gastrointestinal disturbances, particularly a diet of ...
Xu Haihong - - 2006
The fabrication and application of a novel electrochemical detector (ED) with palladium hexacyanoferrate (PdHCF) chemically modified electrode (CME) for liquid chromatography (LC) were described. The electrochemical behaviors of isatin, monoamine neurotransmitters and their metabolites at this CME were investigated by cyclic voltammetry. It was found that the CME exhibited efficiently ...
Frye Mark A MA Department of Psychiatry, University of California Los Angeles Neuropsychiatric Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2007
Glutamatergic dysregulation has been documented in schizophrenia but has received less systematic study in affective illness. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the excitatory amino acids glutamate (Glu) and aspartate (Asp) and the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor modulator, glycine (GLY) were measured by high performance liquid chromatography in 32 patients with refractory ...
Tomiya Masayuki - - 2006
It has been reported that the repeated administration of a sub-anesthetic dose of an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, ketamine, can produce an animal model of schizophrenia. Since no information is available on the alterations of the amino acid levels in ketamine-treated rats, we investigated the amino acid composition in the plasma ...
Schweizer G - - 2006
The clinical findings and treatment of 94 cattle with listeriosis are described. The general behaviour and condition of the animals were mostly moderately to severely disturbed. A common abnormality in posture was an exaggerated forward or sideward stance, and 11 of the animals were recumbent. More than half of the ...
Persson Eva M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the gastrointestinal secretory and enzymatic responses to a liquid meal during in vivo perfusion of the proximal human jejunum. METHODS: Human intestinal fluid was collected from the proximal jejunum by single-pass in vivo perfusion (Loc-I-Gut). The fluid was quantitatively collected at 10-min intervals during 90 min while ...
Zaremba J - - 2006
Inflammation is an important feature of the pathophysiological response to ischaemic stroke. The ischaemic brain-invading leukocytes, neutrophils in particular, contribute to the exacerbation of tissue injury in stroke. Chemokines are a growing family of proteins performing chemotactic activity on selective leukocyte subpopulations. Chemokines are broadly divided into two major subfamilies ...
Nilsson Linda K - - 2007
The concentrations of the tryptophan metabolite kynurenic acid (KYNA) and the monoamine metabolites homovanillic acid (HVA), 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol (HMPG) were determined in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 43 healthy volunteers (30 males and 13 females). Healthy female controls displayed higher CSF concentration of KYNA (1.91nM+/-0.20) compared to ...
Li Rongfeng - - 2006
In this study, we examined the development, freezability and amino acid consumption of in vitro produced bovine embryos cultured in a chemically defined medium (SOF+polyvinyl alcohol), supplemented with 24 amino acids at concentrations measured in bovine oviductal or uterine fluid. Amino acids at concentrations in oviductal fluid tested by Elhanssan ...
Tůma Petr - - 2006
A capillary electrophoretic (CE) method with contactless conductivity detection (CCD) has been developed for the determination of free amino acids (AAs) in the amniotic fluid. Apart from 20 proteinogenic AAs, 12 other biogenic compounds have been identified including ethanolamine, choline, beta-alanine, 2-aminobutyric acid, 4-aminobutyric acid, creatinine, ornithine, carnitine, citrulline, 4-hydroxyproline, ...
Jones C M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amino acid analysis is fundamental to the investigation of several inherited metabolic diseases, particularly those presenting with unexplained seizures. CSF glycine measurement is often crucial to the diagnosis of glycine encephalopathy (GE), low CSF serine concentrations are characteristic of 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency (3-PGDD) and the presence ...
Alhan E - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of omega-3 fatty acids (omega3FA) on acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) induced by glycodeoxycholic acid in rats. The induction of ANP resulted in significant increases in mortality rate, intestinal permeability, bacterial infection in pancreas and extrapancreatic organs, and serum activity of ...
Giovannoni Gavin G Department of Neuroinflammation, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London, UK. - - 2006
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the body fluid closest to the pathology of multiple sclerosis (MS). For many candidate biomarkers CSF is the only fluid that can be investigated. Several factors need to be standardized when sampling CSF for biomarker research: time/volume of CSF collection, sample processing/storage, and the temporal relationship ...
Liu Aihua - - 2005
The amperometric detection of neurotransmitters metabolite of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) was achieved at a tyrosinase-chitosan composite film-modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode. The optimal conditions for the preparation of the biosensor were established. This bio-composite film was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) spectra, suggesting that ...
Perdereau Céline - - 2006
Mature, active cysteine cathepsins (CPs) were identified in human inflammatory bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) supernatants from patients suffering from silicosis by both western blot and surface plasmon resonance analyses. BALFs are not a reservoir of activatable proforms, since no autocatalytic maturation at acidic pH occurs. Cathepsin H is the most ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >