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Results 601 - 650 of 1216
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Endo T - - 1990
Four monoamine metabolites, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), were determined in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of cadavers, whose causes of death had been suicidal hanging (SH) or ischemic heart failure (IHF). The concentration of DOPAC increased in parallel with the increment of the ...
Goetz C G - - 1990
A pair of identical twins (probability of monozygosity by genetic marking = 99.99%) with Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome (GTS) were studied clinically and neurochemically. The two boys were distinguished within the family by dramatic differences in their behavior and tics. Twin 1 had severe motor tics, loud vocalizations, coprolalia, ...
Brannan T - - 1990
We have used cerebral dialysis to monitor striatal metabolism of exogenously administered L-dopa (L-dihydroxyphenylalanine) in rats with unilateral lesions of the substantia nigra. The concentration of extracellular dopamine (DA) increased in both striata following L-dopa administration but the increase was markedly attenuated in the lesioned striatum. The formation of dihydroxyphenylacetic ...
Lee S - - 1990
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of beta-endorphin (beta-Ep), homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) was measured in 15 patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) and in 16 patients suspected of having Binswanger's disease (BD) by MRI, which sometimes resembles DAT clinically. These were classified into three stages according ...
Pintor M - - 1990
The levels of serotonin (5-HT), 5 hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), dopamine (DA), homovanillic acid (HVA), norepinephrine (NE), and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity were measured in the focus (spiking) and nonfocus (nonspiking) regions of the temporal neocortex of 20 patients with intractable complex partial seizures. The levels of 5-HT, DA, 5-HIAA, and ...
Basun H - - 1990
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma levels of 18 amino acids were studied in 22 subjects with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) and in 11 healthy volunteers with no clinical or family history of dementia. Significant decreases of plasma taurine and glutamate were seen in the DAT cases compared with ...
Nielsen J B - - 1990
In the Rett syndrome (RS), a progressive encephalopathy affecting girls, deficient neurotransmitter synthesis has been suggested as a pathogenetic mechanism. Nine girls with RS were treated with 0.3 g of tyrosine and 0.1 g of tryptophan per kg body weight for 2 to 17 weeks. This resulted in a median ...
Ogata K - - 1990
Megakaryocyte colony-stimulating factor (Meg-CSF) in urinary extracts from patients with aplastic anemia was partially characterized and purified. Using Meg-CSF-enriched fractions, we established that the moiety has the following characteristics: 1) portions of the molecules having Meg-CSF activity have sialic acid, probably with a biantennary structure, and beta-galactose residues as the ...
Mjörndal T - - 1990
A single dose of perphenazine (5.0 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally to male Wistar rats. The time-related alterations in serum levels of perphenazine, striatal 3H-spiperone binding ex vivo and the regional brain metabolism of dopamine and 5-hydroxy-tryptamine were studied. Low serum levels of perphenazine were observed together with increased Kd of ...
Roy A - - 1990
Reduced cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid have been reported to be commonly associated with suicidal behaviour. Alcoholics are known to often manifest suicidal behaviour. Therefore, we compared cerebrospinal fluid levels of monoamine metabolites in alcoholics who had (n = 20) and had not (n = ...
Syrjänen S M - - 1990
The content of free amino acids in submandibular, parotid and whole saliva and in gingival fluid was measured by automatic analyser in patients with progressive periodontitis and in controls. The concentration of individual amino acids showed considerable variation in all the fluids. Two amino acids, proline and delta-aminovaleric acid, were ...
Wit J - - 1990
The treatment of caustic burns of the stomach in childhood by acids, alkalis and especially soldering fluids has remained without any clear concept so far. Surgical treatment consists of therapy of acute complications or late sequelae. Early endoscopy enables one to decide between conservative treatment and early laparotomy. Animal experiments ...
Sakaguchi E - - 1990
1. Mean retention times (MRTs) of fluid (marked with Co-EDTA), fine particles (mordanted with Yb) and large particles (mordanted with Cr) were measured in brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula), ringtail possums (Pseudocheirus peregrinus) and laboratory rabbits fed semipurified diets. 2. In brushtail possums there were no significant differences in MRT among ...
Miyata A - - 1990
In the search for novel neuropeptides in porcine follicular fluid (pff) using smooth muscle contractile activity as a response parameter, a substance with a marked activity was isolated in a pure form. By amino acid analysis and sequential study, this substance has been chemically revealed to be angiotensin I. A ...
Gillon J Y - - 1990
Catecholamine metabolism was studied in vivo in the C1 adrenergic area of the rostral ventrolateral medulla oblongata in rats, using differential normal pulse voltammetry coupled with an activated carbon fiber microelectrode. Pharmacological evidence indicates that 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, the major dopamine metabolite, is responsible for the electrochemical signal appearance in the ...
Kaminski R - - 1990
1. Several lines of evidence suggest that abnormalities of central dopaminergic transmission may be involved in the expression of some schizophrenic symptoms. However, elucidation of the role of dopamine (DA) in schizophrenia has eluded investigative efforts partially because no accurate and easily repeatable measure of brain DA activity exists. 2. ...
Lin L H LH Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, South - - 1990
Deermice, subjected to food rationing, an ambient temperature below thermal neutrality and short photoperiod, were sacrificed in euthermia or during daily torpor. Hypothalamic monoamine and metabolite levels were quantified by HPLC with electrochemical detection. Significant elevations in the levels (pg/microgram protein) of dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and homovanillic acid were noted ...
Rollema H - - 1989
Intracerebral microdialysis in 3 awake species allowed the measurement of the basal output of dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindole-acetic acid (5-HIAA) from rat and mouse striatum and monkey caudate in vivo. The DOPAC/HVA ratios in dialysates from mouse and rat striatum were about 1 and ...
Elias J - - 1989
Tuberculostearic acid (10-Methyloctadecanoic acid) is a lipid component of the mycobacterial cell wall and its presence in cerebrospinal fluid can serve as a diagnostic marker for tuberculous meningitis. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with selective ion monitoring, tuberculostearic acid (TBSA) was detected in nine different mycobacterial reference strains. Analysis of derivatised ...
Guan X M - - 1989
The effects of microinfusion of serotonin (5-HT) agents as well as glutamate and muscimol into the ventral tegmental area (VTA) on dopamine (DA) release in the ipsilateral nucleus accumbens (ACC) were investigated in freely moving rats, using a push-pull perfusion procedure. The baseline values for DA, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic ...
Chan-Yeung M - - 1989
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed before and 10 minutes after inhalation challenge with plicatic acid in five patients with red cedar asthma. There was a significant release of histamine and leukotriene E4 into the BAL fluid in all the patients after challenge. Inhalation challenge with methacholine in six patients with ...
Bauman W A - - 1989
The concentrations of bioamines and their metabolites have been determined in March and April during arousal from hibernation in the cerebral cortex of the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus). The patterns during arousal for dopamine and serotonin (5-HT) were similar with a significant fall in concentrations by 1 h of ...
Mourdian M M - - 1989
Levels of the endogenous excitotoxin quinolinic acid were measured in brain and lumbar spinal fluid from Alzheimer patients and age-matched controls. Values in post mortem brain tissue, unlike those in spinal fluid, showed considerable variability among subjects. In the control group, frontal cortex and caudate nucleus had higher concentrations of ...
Arad Z - - 1989
The aim of this study was to characterize the dynamic changes in uterine fluid composition and acid-base status during shell calcification in the chicken. Uterine eggs at timed intervals were manually aborted and the accompanying fluid collected and analyzed for composition of osmolytes, enzymes, and acid-base parameters. Blood samples were ...
Christensson B - - 1989
This is the first report describing the use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for detection of muramic acid in infected synovial fluid (SF). Muramic acid is a ubiquitous component of bacterial cell walls, and it has been proposed that it could serve as a chemical marker for the presence of live ...
Psychoyos A - - 1989
HPLC analysis of the embryo-toxic fraction of human uterine fluid, collected between the 22nd and 25th days of the menstrual cycle, revealed the presence of cholic acid at high concentrations. It is suggested that cholic acid could be responsible for the embryo-toxicity of the uterine environment, which follows the receptive ...
Degrell I - - 1989
Free amino acid levels were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from demented patients (D, n = 30) suffering from presenile and senile dementia of Alzheimer type (PDAT, n = 7; SDAT, n = 9), multi-infarct dementia (MID, n = 14) and a reference sample group consisting of young neurotic patients ...
Bergeron M - - 1989
Alterations in the metabolism of monoamine neurotransmitters have been proposed to be involved in the development of the hepatic encephalopathy (HE) associated with experimental and human liver failure. In order to evaluate this hypothesis, the monoamines and some of their metabolites were measured in homogenates of caudate nucleus (CAU), prefrontal ...
Pomara N - - 1989
The concentration of corticotropin-releasing factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 15 probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with mild to moderate dementia and 10 neurologically normal age-matched controls was examined. There were no significant alterations in the mean CSF CRF-LI concentration in AD compared to controls. However, in ...
Broderick P A - - 1989
This paper describes an electrochemical method for the detection of dopamine and serotonin in vitro. Dopamine and serotonin can be distinguished from each other without interference from metabolites. 3-4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid. The method also provides selective differentiation of dopamine and serotonin in the presence of other possible interfering ...
Yamazaki M - - 1989
A novel cytolytic factor, dolabellanin P, was purified to apparent homogeneity from the purple fluid of the sea hare, Dolabella auricularia. Purified dolabellanin P is a single polypeptide of 60 kDa. The amino acid composition and the N-terminus of the factor were also determined. This factor nonspecifically lysed all the ...
Hiraoka A - - 1989
A rapid and microscale technique to detect and determine L-glutamine (Gln), which is the most abundant free amino acid in human cerebrospinal fluid (Sf), was established on the basis of capillary-isotachophoresis. This system was applied to the measurement of Sf Gln concentration in various neurological disorders. The results showed that ...
Heyes M P - - 1989
Dementia and brain atrophy are established features of a large proportion of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). To investigate a potential mechanism for atrophy in AIDS, we measured the concentration of the endogenous neurotoxin quinolinic acid in the cerebrospinal fluid of 10 patients with AIDS and found that ...
Nishi K - - 1989
In this study, concentrations of homovanillic acid (HVA), a principal metabolite of dopamine (DA), in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were measured in 17 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) who had been effectively treated with L-DOPA and in 8 patients clinically diagnosed as having striatonigral degeneration (SND) and for whom treatment ...
Roy R - - 1989
The presence of high levels of lipoidal pregnenolone in follicular fluid has recently been established although no evidence has been presented concerning its possible origin. The following investigation focuses on the enzymatic conversion of non-conjugated steroids into their lipoidal derivatives in preovulatory follicular fluid obtained from women undergoing in vitro ...
Roy A - - 1989
Pathological gamblers may have a disturbance of their central nervous system noradrenergic functioning. We administered the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire to pathological gamblers and examined relationships between their personality scores on this questionnaire and indexes of noradrenergic function. There were highly significant correlations between scores on the extraversion scale and cerebrospinal ...
Gerrits G P - - 1989
One thousand specimens of CSF were collected from subjects ranging in age from newborn to 18 yr, who were undergoing a diagnostic lumbar puncture. Sixty-two samples were judged retrospectively as being suitable for calculating reference age-related values. The analyses were performed by an amino acid analyser using ion-exchange chromatography with ...
Alesci R - - 1989
Serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels were determined in the visual Wulst, optic lobes, retina, cerebellum and brainstem of the pigeon during embryonic and posthatching periods. 5-HT content increased during development in almost all regions. 5-HIAA content generally showed the highest values within the second posthatching week and then ...
Virkkunen M - - 1989
Fifty-eight violent offenders and impulsive fire setters were followed up for an average of 3 years after release from prison. Recidivists who committed a new violent offense or arson had significantly lower cerebrospinal fluid 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid and homovanillic acid concentrations and blood glucose nadirs after oral glucose challenge than did ...
Smith D A - - 1989
1. The mouse neocortical slice preparation, maintained in a two compartment, grease gap bath, exhibits spontaneous depolarizing activity (with or without rhythmic after potentials) after perfusion with magnesium-free artificial cerebrospinal fluid. 2. If the magnesium concentration is decrementally lowered over an extended time period, then incrementally raised following a similar ...
Lin L H - - 1989
Deermice, subjected to food rationing and low ambient temperature, were sacrificed in normothermia or during daily torpor. Levels of monoamines and their metabolites in the caudate putamen (CPN), the suprachiasmatic nuclear area (SCN), and the median raphe nucleus (MRN) were quantified through the use of HPLC with electrochemical detection. Significant ...
Kurowski M - - 1989
Oxaprozin (Wy-21743) is a novel and unique compound among NSAIDs: it bears an aliphatic propionic acid function as a side chain in contrast to the large group of acetic acids and profens. The transsynovial distribution was studied in 18 RA-patients, who required articular surgery. Following a wash-out period of 7 ...
Burton M D - - 1989
Ventilation is influenced by the acid-base status of the brain extracellular fluids (ECF). CO2 may affect ventilation independent of changes in H+. Whether the acidic condition directly alters neuronal firing or indirectly alters neuronal firing through changes in endogenous neurotransmitters remains unclear. In this work, ventriculocisternal perfusion (VCP) was used ...
Mizen L - - 1989
The penetration into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and efficacy of ticarcillin-clavulanic acid, ticarcillin alone, and ceftazidime were compared in rabbits with experimentally induced Klebsiella pneumoniae meningitis. The compounds were administered to simulate in rabbit plasma the concentration-versus-time curves observed in humans after 30-min infusions of Timentin (3 g of ticarcillin plus ...
Abercrombie E D - - 1989
Microdialysis was used to assess extracellular dopamine in striatum, nucleus accumbens, and medial frontal cortex of unanesthetized rats both under resting conditions and in response to intermittent tail-shock stress. The dopamine metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid also were measured. The resting extracellular concentration of dopamine was estimated to be ...
Herregodts P - - 1989
We performed neurochemical quantitation of the catecholamines dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) and their major metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylene glycol (MHPG) in 22 cortical regions of 6 postmortem human brains. Statistical analysis indicated a clear regional difference for NE and E while DA ...
Tang H Z - - 1989
In order to understand the role of monoamines in cerebral ischemia, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol(MHPG), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and homovanillic acid(HVA), the three major unconjugated monoamine metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), of 33 patients and 18 controls were measured with high performance liquid chromatography. Results showed all three metabolites were raised in patients ...
Schwartz D - - 1989
Microdialysis was used to monitor serotonin, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and the metabolites of dopamine, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the perifornical lateral hypothalamus (PFH) of freely moving rats. Systemically administered d-fenfluramine (d-FEN) increased extracellular serotonin, DOPAC and HVA, while decreasing serotonin's metabolite 5-HIAA. Local application of d-FEN ...
Lu R B - - 1989
Twenty-three inpatients who met DSM-III criteria for schizophrenia were selected for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurochemical study of tardive dyskinesia (TD). Ten inpatients had tardive dyskinesia, and the remaining 13 patients without TD served as controls. There were no intergroup differences in sex, age, duration of neuroleptic treatment, or in total ...
Kendrick K M - - 1989
Concentrations of monoamines and metabolites and amino acids were measured in microdialysis samples taken from the medial preoptic area of 5 conscious sheep before, during and after exposure to an ambient temperature of 45 degrees C. Concentrations of dopamine, noradrenaline and aspartate significantly increased, and those of the serotonin metabolite, ...
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