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Results 551 - 600 of 1219
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Cohen P R - - 1991
Pseudocyst of the auricle is an asymptomatic, noninflammatory cystic swelling that typically involves the anthelix of the ear and results from an accumulation of fluid within an unlined intracartilaginous cavity. We report a patient with a recurrent pseudocyst of the auricle and describe a new surgical technique for treating this ...
Saito K - - 1991
Increased concentrations of the neuroactive kynurenine pathway metabolites, quinolinic acid (QUIN) and kynurenic acid (KYNA), occur in the CSF of humans infected with the human immunodeficiency virus and macaques infected with retroviruses, including the D/1/California serotype. In the present study, increased activity of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), the first enzyme of the ...
Botez M I - - 1991
A total of 157 epileptic patients were studied with respect to (1) biogenic amine precursors and metabolites in the CSF, (2) levels of folate and thiamine in the blood and CSF, (3) length of treatment with phenytoin (PHT), (4) PHT intoxication, (5) CNS atrophy. Alterations in CSF amine metabolite levels ...
Heyes M P - - 1991
Quinolinic acid is an "excitotoxic" metabolite and an agonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. Of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) who were neurologically normal or exhibited only equivocal and subclinical signs of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) dementia complex, concentrations of quinolinic acid in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were ...
Yamada T - - 1991
To clarify the pharmacological mechanism by which ceruletide affects involuntary movements, we used 20-h food-deprived mice to examine the acute effects of ceruletide (600 micrograms/kg, i.p.) on the histochemistry of striatal dopaminergic and serotonergic systems. The latter was unchanged but a reduction in catecholamine fluorescence was seen which was restricted ...
Heyes M P - - 1991
Many of the characteristics neuroanatomical and neurochemical features of Huntington's disease (HD) are produced in experimental animals by an intrastriatal injection of the endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist quinolinic acid (QUIN). Conceivably, a chronic over-production of QUIN in brain could be involved in the pathogenesis of HD. To investigate this hypothesis, ...
Santiago M - - 1991
Intracerebral microdialysis in freely moving rats was used to investigate the effects of perfusions with the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) in the substantia nigra (SN) on the extracellular levels of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the perfused SN and in the ipsi- and ...
Chang S Y SY Burroughs Wellcome Co., Research Triangle Park, NC - - 1991
Gas chromatography-high-resolution selected-ion monitoring mass spectrometry was used to analyze catecholamine metabolites in rat brain microdialysate. Dialysate samples were collected in vials containing stable isotope analogues of homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA) and analyzed as their trimethylsilyl derivatives. The metabolite levels were monitored at 20-min intervals ...
Yeung J M - - 1991
The effect of chronic diet restriction on amino acids and monoamines in cerebral cortex was studied in young and old male Fischer-344 rats. The effect of restricted feeding (60% of ad lib diet) was compared at 6 and 24 months of age. The results indicate that aging did not significantly ...
Ben-Menachem E - - 1991
Ten patients, suffering from drug-resistant complex partial seizures were treated for a period of up to 3 years with vigabatrin (Sabril). Vigabatrin is a novel antiepileptic agent, whose action is based on the inhibition of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) aminotransferase, the enzyme responsible for the catabolism of the neurotransmitter GABA. Samples ...
Taylor M D - - 1991
Aged common marmosets were treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP; 0.5-2.0 mg/kg/week i.p.) for 16 or 24 weeks, observed for a total of 30 weeks and then killed for measurement of biochemical parameters in basal ganglia. The MPTP treatment induced a marked depletion in dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid levels in ...
Nomikos G G - - 1991
This study examined the effects of electroconvulsive shock (ECS) on interstitial concentrations of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA), the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and the purine metabolite uric acid, in the striatum using on-line microdialysis in freely moving rats. Interstitial striatal DA ...
Prell G D - - 1991
In cerebrospinal fluid, levels of the histamine metabolites, tele-methylhistamine and tele-methylimidazole-acetic acid, were higher in elderly than in young people, and women had higher levels than men. Therefore, age and gender should be considered in studies of histamine metabolites as exemplified by their measurements in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with ...
Dai J L - - 1991
The effect of chlorpromazine (CPZ) (0.1 or 0.5 mg/kg, iv) on electroacupuncture analgesia (EAA) was examined by using potassium dolorimetry in rabbits. CPZ itself induced hyperanalgesia, whereas it attenuated EAA in terms of maximal increase of pain threshold as well as EAA after effect. Therefore, CPZ is not a good ...
Sofic E - - 1991
In four human controls, four cases of Parkinson's disease and three cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis analysis of dopamine, noradrenaline, serotonin and the metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid was performed in various segments of postmortem spinal cord. In controls the concentrations of dopamine are about 1/3 to ...
Davis B A - - 1991
1. It has been proposed that an increase in the concentration of the neuromodulator phenylethylamine at the post-synaptic dopamine receptor may be involved in the etiology of schizophrenia. If this increase is the case, a reduction in the CSF and/or serum concentrations of phenylacetic acid, its major metabolite, might be ...
Boni R L - - 1991
The utility of stable isotope-labeled tryptophan as a precursor for studying the disposition of quinolinic acid was investigated. TRP-D5 at doses of 50, 25 or 10 mg/kg was administered to rabbits. Blood and CSF samples were taken for up to 6 hours. There was no loss of deuterium from the ...
Schweitzer V G - - 1990
Controversy prevails regarding the accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of perilymphatic fistula (PLF). The diagnosis of PLF has been based on the subjective evaluation of vestibular function tests and the intraoperative macroscopic visualization of "clear fluid" from the oval/round windows at the time of exploratory tympanotomy. However, the subjective visual ...
Gorin F - - 1990
Autoantibodies that reacted with cell bodies and axon terminals of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons were present in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid in a patient with stiff-man syndrome with type I diabetes. Immunoblot experiments using this patient's serum and cerebrospinal fluid did not corroborate an earlier observation that these autoantibodies ...
Kimsey R B - - 1990
When properties of extracellular fluids that might regulate the ability of the Lyme disease spirochete to locomote were investigated, the rate of progression correlated with viscoelasticity. Such spirochetes flexed and rotated but did not progress in relatively nonviscous fluids and migrated increasingly rapidly as the viscous characteristics of the medium ...
Gomba S - - 1990
Basolateral interstitial spaces (BLIS) of the murine macula densa (MD) are dilated in kidneys fixed either by in vivo glutaraldehyde perfusion or snap freezing-freeze substitution, suggesting that macula densa intercellular spaces may be normally dilated in the functioning nephron. BLIS are also dilated in MD with luminal obstruction with "hyaline" ...
Manyam B V - - 1990
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amino acid neurotransmitters, related compounds, and their precursors, choline levels, and acetylcholinesterase activity were measured in the CSF of patients with cerebellar ataxia during a randomized, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled clinical trial of physostigmine salicylate. The CSF gamma-aminobutyric acid, methionine, and choline levels, adjusted for age, were significantly ...
Hinton B T - - 1990
Concentrations of amino acids were measured in arterial and testicular venous blood, and in fluids from the seminiferous tubule, rete testis, and the caput, corpus, and cauda epididymidis. There were no significant differences in the concentrations of any amino acids between arterial and testicular venous blood, whereas there were significant ...
Porter J K - - 1990
Dopamine (DA), serotonin (5HT) and selected precursors and metabolites were measured in the anterior pituitary gland, hypothalamus and pineal gland, along with serum prolactin (PRL) and average daily gains (ADG), in steers (n = 6/group) grazing endophyte (Acremonium coenophialum)-infected and noninfected fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb). Paddocks (two/treatment) were designated 100F ...
Wolkowitz O M - - 1990
To evaluate the neurochemical, neuroendocrine, and behavioral effects of exogenous corticosteroids in humans, we administered prednisone (80 mg/d orally for 5 days) in a double-blind manner to 12 medically healthy volunteers. Behavioral measures were assessed before, during, and after prednisone administration in all 12 subjects, and cerebrospinal fluid biochemistry was ...
Jibson M - - 1990
Intercorrelations among homovanillic acid (HVA), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and 3-methoxy-hydroxy-phenylglycol (MHPG) concentrations in lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were examined before and after blockade of the acid transport system by probenecid in 59 psychiatric inpatients. The three compounds remained intercorrelated despite acid transport blockade, suggesting that the common transport system does ...
Crespi F - - 1990
In vivo voltammetry involves the electrochemical detection of central oxidisable substances in situ. In association with this technique micro carbon fibre electrodes (CFE) are able to separate ascorbic acid (Peak 1) from 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) plus dopamine (DA) (Peak 2) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAAA) plus serotonin (5-HT) (Peak 3) in ...
Takeda T - - 1990
A monoclonal antibody (MAb) against synthetic heat-stable enterotoxin of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 (NAG-ST) was produced. The MAb, namely, 2F, belonged to the immunoglobulin G1 class. Ascitic fluid drawn from pristane-primed BALB/c mice injected with a 2F-producing clone demonstrated anti-NAG-ST activity which could be detected in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay even at ...
Preston J E - - 1990
The steady-state flux of labelled amino acids was investigated across the isolated perfused choroid plexus of the sheep. The extraction of anionic, cationic, small and large neutral amino acids by the blood side of the choroid plexus was demonstrated. However, there was no uptake of the analogue MeAIB, confirming the ...
Scully F E FE - - 1990
Amino acids were identified and quantified in the stomach fluid recovered from animals fasted 8, 24, and 48 h. After in vitro chlorination of stomach fluid, three chloramino acids, N-chloroglycine, either N-chloroleucine or N-chloroisoleucine, and N-chlorophenylalanine, were identified by GC/MS analysis of dansylated methyl ester derivatives. Formation of N-chlorovaline and ...
Pickar D - - 1990
The relationship between central (cerebrospinal fluid [CSF]) and peripheral (plasma) monoaminergic metabolites and psychotic symptoms was examined in 22 drug-free schizophrenic inpatients. The CSF homovanillic acid levels did not differ significantly between patients and normal controls (n = 33). The CSF homovanillic acid levels, however, were negatively correlated with ratings ...
Heyes M P - - 1990
Increases in brain quinolinic acid have been implicated in neurodegeneration and convulsions that may accompany infectious diseases. In three rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) with septicemia, both CSF and serum quinolinic acid concentrations were markedly elevated and were accompanied by increases in CSF kynurenic acid levels that were of a smaller ...
Afonso D D Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of La Laguna, Canary Islands, - - 1990
A technique is presented for the separation and detection in amniotic fluid of various substances associated with catecholamine metabolism. Monoamines and their metabolites were separated using reversed-phase ion-pair high-performance liquid chromatography. Detection and quantification were performed electrochemically. The retention times of 28 standards associated with the monoamines and their precursors ...
Heyes M P - - 1990
Increased concentrations of excitotoxin quinolinic acid in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are associated with infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) dementia complex. In the present study, inoculation of macaques with D/1/California, an immunosuppressive serotype 1 type ...
Trotter J A - - 1990
A pseudomonad was isolated from the pleural fluid and pulmonary decortication tissue of a 5-year-old child with chronic granulomatous disease. Although the isolate was phenotypically similar to Pseudomonas cepacia, its biochemical profile was more similar to that of Pseudomonas pickettii biovar 2. Its slow growth rate, ability to hydrolyze urea ...
Parry T J - - 1990
The object of the present study was to examine the effects of temperature, oxidation, and pH on in vitro relative recovery of catecholamine and indoleamine neurotransmitters and their metabolites using microdialysis probes. Relative recovery of norepinephrine (NE), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA), dopamine (DA), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxytryptamine ...
Ito J - - 1990
We studied auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) in 40 patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT). Peak latencies and amplitudes of N100, P200 and P300 components were measured. To study the possible relationships between the ERPs and monoaminergic neurotransmitter functions, CSF neurotransmitter metabolites were also analyzed. In patients with DAT, ...
Jonung T - - 1990
To study the effect of ammonia administration on amino acids and indoleamines in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and on amino acids, insulin, and glucagon in plasma in humans with liver cirrhosis, we performed seven ammonia tolerance tests on six patients with stable liver cirrhosis. The grade of encephalopathy was determined by ...
Degrell I - - 1990
Concentrations of HVA, 5-HIAA, ascorbic acid, and uric acid in the lumbar and cisternal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were measured in psychiatric and neurologically impaired patients. The concentration of HVA is 6.1 times and of 5-HIAA 2.7 times higher in cisternal than in lumbar samples, the cisternal level of uric acid ...
Commissiong J W - - 1990
1. After physical (knife-cut) or chemically-mediated (tetrodotoxin 300 nM, 1.5 microliters; 1.0 microliters min-1) interruption of nerve conduction in the nigrostriatal tract, there was a marked increase in the synthesis and metabolism of dopamine in the isolated dopaminergic nerve terminals of the striatum. The effect peaked at 4 h post-transection, ...
Hill L L - - 1990
Because the internal environment of the body is largely a fluid medium, the preservation of the volume and composition of the body fluids is absolutely vital to circulatory status and the extraordinarily complicated functions of the human body. The fluid compartments do not exist as fixed spaces with identical compositions ...
Kobayashi T - - 1990
Hydrochloric acid (0.1 N, 5.0 ml.kg-1 in total) was administered intratracheally to 28 adult rabbits anesthetized with pentobarbital and mechanically ventilated with pure oxygen. When the PaO2 decreased to 14.1 +/- 2.8 kPa (mean +/- s.d.), the PaCO2 increased to 8.9 +/- 2.5 kPa, and the minute ventilation (VE) decreased ...
Hsiao J K - - 1990
The in vitro and in vivo performance of three different semipermeable microdialysis membranes was compared: a proprietary polycarbonate-ether membrane made by Carnegie Medecin; cuprophan, a regenerated cellulose membrane; and polyacrylonitrile. When microdialysis probes were tested in a stirred in vitro solution, large and statistically significant differences among the three membranes ...
Coude M - - 1990
Organic acids were studied in amniotic fluids taken by early amniocentesis between 6 to 12 weeks in control pregnancies. The prenatal diagnosis of methylmalonic acidemia and propionic acidemia could be made by the measurement of methylmalonic and methylcitric acid respectively in the amniotic fluid taken simultaneously with chorionic villi at ...
Heyes M P - - 1990
Quinolinic acid (QUIN) is a neurotoxin and convulsant when injected directly into the brains of experimental animals and as such has been implicated in the etiology of human seizure disorders. In the present study, we quantified QUIN in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and in spiking (focus) and nonspiking (nonfocus) regions of ...
Hamberger A - - 1990
During neurosurgery the freshly secreted extracellular fluid (ECF) from the choroid plexus was sampled with small pieces of application paper in three patients with intractable epilepsy. The samples were analyzed for free amino acids and for soluble proteins. The results were compared with corresponding data on extracellular fluid from the ...
Korinthenberg R - - 1990
We performed analyses of electrolytes, amino acids, albumin, alpha 2-macroglobulin, gamma-globulin and LDH in the lumbar cerebrospinal fluid of children undergoing treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, non-Hodgkin-lymphoma or acute myeloid leukemia. At the time of diagnosis signs of a disturbance of the blood-brain barrier were found in some patients. During ...
Marescau B - - 1990
The aim of this collaborative study was to investigate whether guanidino compound analyses in the biologic fluids can be used as a complementary diagnostic parameter for hyperargininemia. Guanidino compounds were determined in the biologic fluids of all known living hyperargininemic patients using a cation exchange chromatographic system with a fluorescence ...
Miller J D - - 1990
In two separate studies a significantly greater concentration of DA (dopamine) and its metabolite, DOPAC (3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid), was observed in the amygdala of narcoleptic canines. DOPAC was also significantly elevated in the reticularis parvicellularis, whereas NE (norepinephrine) was significantly elevated in the reticularis oralis, but depressed in the preoptic hypothalamus. ...
Mizock B A - - 1990
We elected to test the hypothesis that the metabolic encephalopathy associated with systemic sepsis may have a pathogenesis that is similar to hepatic encepathology, ie, as the consequence of hepatic dysfunction that induces alterations in synthesis of catecholic and noncatecholic neurotransmitters. Eleven patients with septic encephalopathy were compared with nine ...
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