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Results 501 - 550 of 1217
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Kim C S - - 1992
Effects of octanoic acid on monoamines and their acidic metabolites in the rat brain were analyzed by HPLC. Octanoic acid (1,000 mg/kg i.p.) elevated homovanillic acid levels by 54% in the caudate and 338% in the hypothalamus but increased 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels in both the caudate and the hypothalamus ...
Coude M - - 1992
Organic acids of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in 29 post-mortem samples obtained from infants and 10 samples obtained from hospitalized children, as controls. Though the organic acids profile was similar in the two groups, eight organic acids not observed in CSF from live infants ...
Kuwabara T - - 1992
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for marograstim (KW-2228) was established. This ELISA proved to be highly sensitive with the detection limit of 0.01 ng/ml (about 0.5 fmol/ml) of KW-2228 and the assay range between 0.01 and 2 ng/ml. When 0.02 to 2 ng/ml of KW-2228 added to human plasma was ...
Morrone A - - 1992
The levels of some catecholamine metabolites, namely homovanillic acid (HVA), vanilmandelic acid (VMA), 3-methoxytyramine (MT), normetanephrine (NMN), metanephrine (MN), 3,4-dihydroxy mandelic acid (DOMAC), and 3,4-dihydroxy phenylacetic acid (DOPAC), have been evaluated in the 24 hr urines of 150 patients affected with different types of vitiligo and in 50 healthy age-matched ...
Reid MS - - 1992
Cerebrospinal fluid from yellow-bellied marmots, Marmota flaviventris, was analysed for monoamine and monoamine metabolite content during euthermia and deep hibernation. Dopamine (DA) levels were decreased, while DA metabolite levels, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA), were dramatically increased in hibernating marmots. Serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA) levels were ...
Vahabzadeh A - - 1992
With a dialysis probe implanted in the rat ventral hippocampus we have monitored effects on noradrenaline (NA) and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) of the infusion through the dialysis probe of drugs acting at dopaminergic and noradrenergic presynaptic autoreceptors; clonidine and idazoxan produced changes in the extracellular concentration of both NA and ...
Kärkelä J - - 1992
Cisternal fluid (CF) tryptophan (TRP), 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) concentrations were measured from 40 adult cadavers. They were divided into 4 groups (n = 10 in each group), with samples taken 2, 4, 10 and 24 h after death. The CF concentrations ...
Schiffmann R - - 1992
We describe two siblings who presented with lethargy, decreased sucking, respiratory failure and seizures in their first days of life. Pin-point pupils were noted in both siblings. Amino acid analysis revealed elevated concentrations of glycine in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), with abnormal CSF/plasma ratios, compatible with hyperglycinemia. Urine organic ...
Godfrey D A - - 1992
We have developed a simple technique that continuously samples perfusion fluid from an in vitro slice chamber and permits simultaneous electrophysiological recordings from a slice. This procedure uses a microsiphon that diverts approximately 1.5% of the total effluent of artificial cerebrospinal fluid from an interface slice chamber into a collection ...
Reddy P L - - 1992
The amine metabolites, namely homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxy indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of depressives (n = 30) and controls (n = 30). Depressed patients had significantly lower HVA levels than controls. No significant differences were noted between the two groups in 5-HIAA levels. However, ...
Matsuishi T - - 1992
We investigated both blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate and pyruvate levels in seven girls with the Rett syndrome (RS) and evaluated the relationship between CSF lactate and pyruvate levels and the clinical manifestations, particularly seizures, anticonvulsant medication, and breathing dysfunction including breath holding, apnea and hyperventilation. Elevated lactate and ...
Blennow K - - 1992
The monoamine metabolites homovanillic acid (HVA), 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenylglycol (HMPG) were determined in lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 123 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 57 healthy controls. Despite CSF sampling under strictly standardized conditions, a wide variability in values among both patients and controls was found, as ...
Watson D G - - 1992
The concentrations of acidic metabolites derived from the biogenic amines o-, m-, and p-tyramines (o-, m-, and p-hydroxyphenylacetic acids), p-octopamine/p-synephrine (p-hydroxymandelic acid), and dopamine (homovanillic acid and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid) were measured in human aqueous humour obtained from patients undergoing elective surgery for cataract removal or for trabeculectomy as a treatment ...
Rivest R - - 1992
This study compares the effects of the nonamphetamine stimulant amfonelic acid on the increase in extracellular 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) induced by haloperidol and clozapine in the nucleus accumbens and the striatum of anaesthetized rats. DOPAC was simultaneously recorded in both regions using differential pulse voltammetry with electrically pretreated carbon fibre ...
Halonen T - - 1992
1. We studied the effect of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced myoclonic jerks and generalized clonic-tonic convulsions (GC) on the levels of neurotransmitter amino acids in the cisternal CSF of rats. 2. The levels of aspartate, glutamate, glycine, and taurine were elevated in the CSF during myoclonic jerks and more distinctly immediately after ...
Garrett M C - - 1992
Levels of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), noradrenaline (NA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the CSF of patients with Huntington's disease (HD) were measured by HPLC. CSF DA, DOPAC, and MHPG levels were found to be increased in HD patients. Levels of HVA, 5-HIAA, and ...
Tsujikawa S - - 1992
The pH value and the DC potential in the endolymphatic sac (ES) were measured using H(+)-selective double-barreled electrodes and the intra- and extradural approach, the pH value in the ES fluid (6.65 +/- 0.12, n = 7) was markedly lower than that in the cerebrospinal fluid (7.39 +/- 0.07, n ...
Riikonen R S - - 1992
Of the excitatory amino acids, glutamic and aspartic acid were studied in the cerebrospinal fluid of six infants 4-32 hours after a documented episode of severe neonatal asphyxia. Aspartic acid concentration was definitely increased in the cerebrospinal fluid of these patients, whereas glutamic acid concentration varied considerably. Aspartic acid was ...
Robinson T E - - 1991
The effects of 4 days of continuous microdialysis with a small-diameter concentric-style probe on indices of striatal dopamine (DA) and serotonin neurotransmission were assessed. It was found that over 4 days of dialysis, there was a marked time-dependent decrease in the basal concentrations of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid ...
Last J A - - 1991
Inhalation toxicology experiments in whole animals have demonstrated a remarkable lack of toxicity of sulfuric acid in the form of respirable aerosols, especially in rats and nonhuman primates. Thus, much of the current experimental emphasis has shifted to the evaluation of the potential health effects of acid aerosols as components ...
Roy A - - 1991
Seasonal influences on indices of serotonergic function, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), have been reported in psychiatric patients and healthy volunteers. We examined seasonal differences in CSF concentrations of 5-HIAA among 135 alcoholics admitted to a research ward who had a lumbar puncture. ...
Griffith N C - - 1991
This study extends our previous work in which we described the presence of an interictal behavioral disturbance in a chronic animal model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In this study, we investigated the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurotransmitter changes underlying the development of chronic recurrent seizures of temporal lobe origin and ...
Langlais P J - - 1991
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 7 patients with infantile spasms (mean age: 6.7 months) was collected before and after treatment with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The concentration of neurotransmitter metabolites was analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography and compared to the metabolite concentration in the CSF from 7 age-matched controls (mean age: 6.1 ...
Pacht E R - - 1991
The adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a devastating clinical illness characterized by refractory hypoxemia and high-permeability pulmonary edema. Reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide and hypochlorous acid may play a key role in the pathogenesis of the acute lung injury. Glutathione (GSH) is a tripeptide that is able ...
Roettger V R - - 1991
This paper describes an HPLC-EC method for measuring the concentrations of 9 free primary amino acids in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) withdrawn from the cisterna magna of Nembutal-anesthetized adult cats. Amino acid derivatives were formed with o-phthalaldehyde and beta-mercaptoethanol; subsequently, excess thiol reagent was removed with iodoacetamide. During elution through a ...
Wakamatsu K - - 1991
The pigment of human substantia nigra, neuromelanin, has been thought to be derived from dopamine. To examine the genesis of neuromelanin, we advanced a new hypothesis that neuromelanin is formed by oxidation of dopamine and cysteinyldopamine. On the basis of this hypothesis, synthetic neuromelanins were obtained by tyrosinase oxidation of ...
Adams D E - - 1991
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) profile results were obtained from bloodstains and other body fluid stains subjected to mixture with other body fluids, environmental insults (sunlight and temperature), different substrates (cotton, nylon, blue denim, glass, aluminum, and wood), and contaminants (gasoline, bleach, sodium hydroxide, soil, motor oil, ...
Barrett J E - - 1991
Key pecking of 4 pigeons was maintained under a multiple 3-min fixed-interval, 30-response fixed-ratio schedule of food presentation. Only one schedule was in effect during an experimental session, and each was correlated with a different keylight stimulus and location (left vs. right). The different schedule components alternated across days or ...
Paradisi R - - 1991
The role of brain catecholamine activity in the neuroendocrine regulation of the dopamine-PRL system in idiopathic hyperprolactinemia was investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detector. We measured urinary dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, vanillylmandelic acid, homovanillic acid, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and total 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol levels in 12 women with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia before and ...
Halawa I - - 1991
Free amino acids were quantitatively determined in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples from patients with aseptic meningitis by a newly developed high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. The method of analysis was based on precolumn derivatization of orthophthaladehyde in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol and detection was made at Eex ...
Nash R A - - 1991
Canine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (caGM-CSF) was cloned and expressed to allow further investigation of GM-CSF in a large animal model. The cDNA is 850 base pairs (bp) long and encodes a peptide of 144 amino acids. The nucleotide and amino acid sequence homology between caGM-CSF and human GM-CSF (hGM-CSF) is ...
Shibanoki S - - 1991
Direct correlation analyses between the distribution of morphine (pharmacokinetics) and the biochemical effects of the drug on monoamine metabolism (pharmacodynamics) are reported for dissected regions of the brain. Determinations of morphine and monoamine-related substances were carried out in the same sample by high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Naloxone, ...
Liu J K - - 1991
Guillingji powder, a complex prescription of traditional Chinese medicines, has been pharmacologically shown to be a possible anti-aging agent, and also used for the treatment of male hypogonadism and female dysgenesis. Since the levels of numerous brain monoamines and their metabolites such as norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), ...
Wester P - - 1991
The anteroposterior distribution of monoamine and monoamine metabolite concentrations was determined in subcortical brain nuclei of two cases of Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) and was compared to two control cases. The brains were divided into halves and sectioned coronally. For biochemical analyses, caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, nucleus accumbens, ...
Commodari F - - 1991
1H NMR was used to analyze human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from a group of neurological disease controls and from a vitamin B12 deficient patient. The spectra were acquired at either 7.06 or 9.40 T at ambient temperature with CSF freeze dried and reconstituted in 2H2O. 3-Trimethylsilyl propionate was used as ...
Nagase T - - 1991
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: To test the hypothesis that the effect of steroids on hydrochloric acid aspiration may be involved in the metabolism of eicosanoids, we investigated the effects of an iv bolus of prednisolone on the metabolism of 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 (11-dehydro-TxB2) in the rat model of acid ...
Kaye W H - - 1991
To avoid the confounding influences of malnutrition or weight loss, we studied patients with anorexia nervosa at normal weight and stable dietary intake. Compared with 15 controls, 17 long-term weight-restored anorectic subjects had elevated concentrations of cerebrospinal fluid 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, the major serotonin metabolite, whereas levels of cerebrospinal fluid homovanillic ...
Therrien G - - 1991
Using an indwelling cisterna magna catheter technique, serial CSF samples were analyzed for amino acid content in rats at various stages of portal-systemic encephalopathy resulting from ammonium acetate administration following portacaval anastomosis. Anastomosis alone resulted in increased CSF concentrations of glutamine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, glutamate and alanine. GABA levels, on the ...
Woodson B T - - 1991
High-performance liquid chromatography was used to determine 19 free amino acid concentrations in perilymph, serum/plasma, and red blood cell intracellular fluid. Significant differences were found between perilymph and these fluids. Free amino acid analysis was then used to quantitatively analyze middle ear microaspirates in order to test the hypothesis that ...
Tohgi H - - 1991
We evaluated the concentrations of the putative transmitter amino acids in the cerebrospinal fluid, and found a significant reduction of glutamate, aspartate, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and glycine concentrations in parkinsonian patients. There was no difference in amino acid concentrations between parkinsonian patients receiving L-DOPA and those not receiving L-DOPA. A ...
Hoffmann G F - - 1991
A stable isotope dilution assay using D3-mevalonic acid was developed and applied to the study of mevalonic aciduria. The method also appears to be suitable for the evaluation of different therapeutic regimens in patients with hypercholesterolemia. Mevalonic acid was isolated by liquid partition chromatography and quantified as the underivatized lactone ...
Caliguri E J - - 1991
Using the technique of in vivo dialysis, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), the neurotoxic metabolite of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), was applied to the rat striatum and the effects of this treatment on the efflux of striatal dopamine (DA) and metabolites were monitored. The inclusion of low concentrations of MPP+ (1 and 10 microM) in ...
Wallin A - - 1991
The concentrations of monoamines and various neuropeptides were determined in the hypothalamus of brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia (n = 26) and compared with control values (n = 21). Decreased concentrations of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (P less than 0.05) and homovanillic acid (P less than 0.01) were ...
Feriani M - - 1991
The effect of differing dialysate and substitution fluid buffer types and concentrations on acid-base balance have not been assessed in patients treated with hemodiafiltration for ESRD. To determine bicarbonate, acetate, lactate and total buffer flux, mass balance studies were performed in patients treated with hemodiafiltration using four different combinations of ...
Srivastava M - - 1991
The transplacental distribution of three weak acids was measured in mice on gestational day 11. The ratio of drug concentration in maternal, embryonic, and extraembryonic compartments compared to maternal plasma followed a consistent hierarchy such that amniotic fluid greater than or equal to exocoelomic fluid greater than embryo greater than ...
Rivest R - - 1991
Previous ex vivo studies have shown that the non-amphetamine stimulant amfonelic acid potentiates the increase in DOPAC induced by classical but not by atypical neuroleptics. In the present study, we have demonstrated that this neurochemical model can be used to discriminate typical from atypical neuroleptics in vivo using differential pulse ...
Spelling P F - - 1991
A simple method was used to isolate hyaluronic acid (HA) and sulfated glycosaminoglycans from synovial fluids obtained from children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and from normal age-matched controls. The bulk of the glycosaminoglycans present in both normal and pathologic synovial fluids consisted of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin 6-sulfate. The ...
Balzer I - - 1991
In the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax polyedra, bioluminescence was investigated in constant darkness. Light emission was stimulated considerably and specifically by the biogenic amines epinephrine, 5-methoxytryptamine, and kynuramine. Various analogues and metabolites of these substances, such as norepinephrine, isoproterenol, phenylephrine, synephrine, metanephrine, dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxymandelic and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxymandelic acids, serotonin, N-acetylserotonin, melatonin, 5-hydroxytryptophol, 5-methoxytryptophol, ...
Cohen P R - - 1991
Pseudocyst of the auricle is an asymptomatic, noninflammatory cystic swelling that typically involves the anthelix of the ear and results from an accumulation of fluid within an unlined intracartilaginous cavity. We report a patient with a recurrent pseudocyst of the auricle and describe a new surgical technique for treating this ...
Saito K - - 1991
Increased concentrations of the neuroactive kynurenine pathway metabolites, quinolinic acid (QUIN) and kynurenic acid (KYNA), occur in the CSF of humans infected with the human immunodeficiency virus and macaques infected with retroviruses, including the D/1/California serotype. In the present study, increased activity of indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), the first enzyme of the ...
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