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Results 451 - 500 of 1216
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Francis P T - - 1993
Aspartic acid, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, glutamic acid, homovanillic acid and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylene glycol was determined in samples of ventricular fluid from 82 subjects. Laminar distribution of the total number (Bmax value) of serotonin 1A receptors was determined on seven neurosurgical samples of neocortex. Apart from an association in a small subgroup of ...
Martinez M - - 1993
To study the possible role of several amino acids on feeding in the anorexia of aging, we have measured plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of 22 amino acids in 14 elderly persons with idiopathic anorexia and 10 healthy subjects with normal weight in a similar age range. Plasma and ...
Tohgi H - - 1993
We studied age-related changes in the concentrations of monoamines, amino acids, and their related substances in the cerebrospinal fluid on 144 neurologically normal subjects. The concentrations of tyrosine, 3-O-methyldopa, dopamine (total), norepinephrine (total), homovanillic acid, p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, and 5-hydroxytryptophan increased significantly with age (p < 0.05), and the concentration of ...
Vieira-Coelho M A - - 1993
The formation of dopamine, from L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa), in fragments of non-glandular and glandular stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum and proximal and distal colon of the rat was examined. The deamination of newly-formed dopamine into 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (dopac) was also studied. The synthesis of dopamine in tissues incubated with 500 microM L-dopa ...
Fraley G S - - 1993
The objective of the study was to determine the role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and biogenic amines on the onset of puberty in birds. Male broiler chicks were administered chronic intracerebroventricular (ICV) injections of 5 micrograms NPY which produced sexually precocious chicks, determined by advanced secondary sex characteristics. One or ...
Tohgi H - - 1993
We correlated monoamine concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid from de novo (untreated) patients with Parkinson's disease with their clinical symptoms and therapeutic outcome after two years of L-dopa with/without other anti-parkinson medication. A significant correlation was found between the severity of some parkinsonian symptoms and the reduction in particular monoamines: ...
Armstrong D W - - 1993
Plasma, urine, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and amniotic fluid were examined to determine whether free D-amino acids were present and if so at what levels. It was found that D-amino acids exist in all physiological fluids tested, but that their level varied considerably. The lowest levels of D-amino acids were usually ...
Heinonen E H - - 1993
A double-blind, cross-over trial with 12 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) was carried out primarily to test the suitability of this design in the investigation of the clinical effects of selegiline (10 mg/day) in AD. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples for the determination of concentrations of noradrenaline (NA) and several monoamine ...
Gerrits G P - - 1993
After establishing more extended reference values for amino acids, purines and pyrimidines in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in infancy and childhood, we studied 1250 CSF-aliquots from patients who were undergoing a diagnostic lumbar puncture for diverse clinical indications. Our primary aim was to answer the question whether determination of the concentration ...
Barth P G - - 1993
L-2-Hydroxyglutaric acidaemia represents a newly defined inborn error of metabolism, with increased levels of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in urine, plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. The concentration in cerebrospinal fluid is higher than in plasma. The other consistent biochemical finding is an increase of lysine in blood and cerebrospinal fluid, but lysine loading ...
Hoffmann G F - - 1993
Concentrations of organic acids in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) appear to be directly dependent upon their rate of production in the brain. There is evidence that the net release of short-chain monocarboxylic acids from the brain is a major route for removing these products of cerebral metabolism. Concentrations of organic acids ...
Gudelsky G A - - 1992
The effects of two inhibitors of dopamine (DA) reuptake, amfonelic acid and GBR 12909, on the clozapine- and haloperidol-induced increases in DA synthesis, release, and metabolism were investigated in the rat. In the striatum, as well as in the nucleus accumbens, the haloperidol-induced increase in tissue concentrations of dihydroxyphenylacetic acid ...
Hyland K - - 1992
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (EC. 4.1.1.28) deficiency is a newly described inborn error of metabolism that affects serotonin and dopamine biosynthesis. The major biochemical markers for this disease are increases of L-dopa, 3-methoxytyrosine, and 5-hydroxytryptophan in urine, plasma, and cerebrospinal fluid together with decreased cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of homovanillic acid ...
Dluzen D - - 1992
Addition of the aromatic amino acid decarboxylase inhibitor, NSD-1015 (10 microM), to Krebs'-Ringer phosphate (KRP) superfusion medium, significantly increased the release of dopamine in vitro from superfused corpus striatum tissue fragments of male rats. A dose-dependent increase in release of dopamine was obtained in response to increasing concentrations of NSD-1015, ...
Mizoguchi K - - 1992
The effect of L-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine (L-threo-DOPS) on dopamine (DA) release and metabolism in the striatum was studied in freely moving rats by intracerebral microdialysis techniques. The DA level as well as the levels of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and homovanillic acid were significantly decreased 140 min after the administration of L-threo-DOPS (50 mg/kg ...
Nazarali A J - - 1992
1. Concentrations of the neurotransmitter amines noradrenaline (NA), dopamine (DA), and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and the acid metabolites homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) were determined in four regions of postmortem brains of demented patients with or without Alzheimer's disease (AD). 2. NA was deficient in the temporal cortex (BA ...
Goldman D - - 1992
If a genetic association between the D2 dopamine receptor genotype and alcoholism is mediated by altered dopamine function, then a stronger association might be found in alcoholics who are deviant in indices of dopamine function and by comparing alcoholics to nonalcoholics matched for ethnic origin. Therefore, we evaluated the D2/TaqI ...
LeWitt P A - - 1992
We used two analytic methods (a multichannel coulometric electrode array with high-performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry) to measure CSF dopamine (DA) and its metabolites in mildly affected, unmedicated subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). The mean (+/- SD) concentration of homovanillic acid (HVA), the most abundant product of DA ...
Bottiglieri T - - 1992
Seven (21%) of 34 patients with a severe DSM-III diagnosis of major depression had red-cell folate levels below 150 ng/ml. This subgroup with folate deficiency had significantly lower CSF 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA) compared to neurological controls. For all depressed patients red-cell folate was significantly correlated with CSF 5HIAA and homovanillic ...
Okada M - - 1992
The effects of zonisamide (3-sulfamoylmethyl-1,2-benzisoxazole), a novel anticonvulsant, on extracellular levels of monoamine and its metabolite in the striatum and hippocampus, and Ca2+ dependent monoamine release in the striatum of freely moving rats were studied by microdialysis. Zonisamide increased dopamine, homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, and decreased 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid in ...
Tao R - - 1992
The present study summarizes the results of an in vitro and in vivo comparison of the apparent 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid dialysis performance of three types of membrane frequently used in intracerebral microdialysis experiments. The dialysis fiber types examined were a regenerated cellulose Cuprophan (GF), a proprietary ...
Cumming P P Montreal Neurological Institute, Positron Imaging Laboratory, Quebec, - - 1992
In vivo microdialysis was employed in order to characterize the steady-state kinetics of the turnover of specific dopamine and serotonin metabolites in the rat striatum 48 h after surgery. Inhibitors of monoamine oxidase (MAO; pargyline) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT; Ro 40-7592) were administered, either separately or in conjunction, at doses sufficient ...
Rothstein J D - - 1992
"Endozepines" are endogenous ligands for the benzodiazepine recognition sites on gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptors in the nervous system. Idiopathic recurring stupor (IRS) is a syndrome of spontaneous stupor or coma that is not associated with known metabolic, toxic, or structural abnormalities but can be reversed by flumazenil, a pure benzodiazepine ...
Kariya K - - 1992
To clarify whether monoaminergic inputs to the subfornical organ (SFO) area participate in fluid regulatory systems, we examined the effects of body fluid depletion on monoamine turnover in the region of the SFO using microdialysis techniques in rats. An iso-osmotic reduction of fluid volume following subcutaneous treatment with polyethylene glycol ...
Hyland K - - 1992
We report the clinical features, biochemical details, and treatment of the first detected cases of an inborn error of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase. Male monozygotic twins presented with extreme hypotonia and oculogyric crises. Concentrations of biogenic amines and their metabolites were reduced considerably both centrally and peripherally. Pterin and phenylalanine ...
Tallaksen C M - - 1992
Thiamin, thiamin monophosphate, ascorbic acid, and folic acid were determined in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in 31 outpatients who underwent a myelography because of back-pain. All subjects were otherwise healthy. The CSF concentration (mean +/- SD) was 8.6 +/- 3.9 nmol thiamin/L, 16.9 +/- 8.3 nmol thiamin monophosphate/L, 133 ...
Morrison J C - - 1992
The use of gas-liquid chromatography to detect short-chain organic acids in the amniotic fluid of patients with amnionitis has been previously described. Most of the studies describe patients in the early third trimester with such infections. The purpose of the current study was to confirm the correlation of infection with ...
Heyes M P - - 1992
Quinolinic acid (QUIN) is an neurotoxic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist and an L-tryptophan metabolite of the kynurenine pathway. Increased concentrations of QUIN occur in both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1, particularly those with neurologic disturbances. In the present study of HIV-1 infected patients ...
Hyland K K Baylor University Medical Center, Kimberly H. Courtwright and Joseph W. Summers Metabolic Disease Center, Dallas, TX - - 1992
Precolumn derivatization of amino acids with o-phthaldialdehyde followed by high-performance liquid chromatographic separation and fluorescence detection is used in many clinical and experimental laboratories for the measurement of primary amino acids. This technique was adapted for the measurement of homocysteine in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) following alkylation of the ...
Millot F - - 1992
A transient acute neurologic syndrome occurred in a 15-year-old boy receiving high-dose methotrexate (MTX) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed a decrease of homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid concentrations with a rise of biopterin levels. These findings suggest that MTX can induce a transient alteration of the metabolism ...
Smith A D - - 1992
Two quantitative microdialysis methods were used to determine the concentration of extracellular dopamine in the anterior striatum of the rat. In the first method, the slow perfusion flow rate method, perfusion was at 57 nl/min and dialysate samples were collected every 90 min for 18 h and assayed for dopamine ...
Hamberger A - - 1992
The concentration of free amino acids was measured in the cerebrospinal fluid of four patients with Rett syndrome. The reference material were patients with autistic disorder who had CSF aminoacid levels similar to those reported for healthy children. The concentration of glutamate-but of no other amino acid-was markedly elevated in ...
Goldman G - - 1992
Acid aspiration leads to increased neutrophil (PMN) oxidative metabolism, an event associated with lung leukosequestration and permeability increase. Neutropenia protected the vascular barrier function against acid injury. This study tests whether active oxygen species and elastase (which are presumably released by adherent PMNs) affect the microvascular barrier. Anesthetized rats underwent ...
Tohgi H - - 1992
We determined the concentrations of the putative transmitter amino acids in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with Alzheimer type dementia (ATD) and vascular dementia of the Binswanger type (VDBT). In ATD, aspartate and glutamate concentrations were significantly and selectively reduced, while in VDBT, concentrations of aspartate, glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) ...
Campistol J - - 1992
We describe a patient with glutaryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency, demonstrated by a residual enzyme activity of only 1% in cultured fibroblasts. Although the clinical presentation was typical of glutaric aciduria type I, the urine concentrations of glutaric, glutaconic, and 3-hydroxyglutaric acids remained normal, even during episodes of clinical decompensation. An ...
Barth P G - - 1992
Routine screening for organic acids revealed increased and isolated urinary excretion of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in 8 mentally retarded patients from five unrelated families, including three pairs of siblings. L-2-Hydroxyglutaric acid concentration was also found to be increased in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and to a lesser extent in plasma. The ...
Hyde J F - - 1992
Bilateral alterations in dopamine metabolism were determined in the striatum, olfactory tubercle, and frontal cortex of rats pretested for circling behavior. Dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), norepinephrine, and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA) were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography 15 min after right or left intracarotid infusion of haloperidol. Concentrations ...
Shephard M D - - 1992
Four different protein precipitants, namely trichloroacetic acid, sulphosalicylic acid, benzethonium chloride and benzalkonium chloride, were used to estimate the total protein concentration in cerebrospinal fluid and urine by nephelometry. Protein determinations for 50 cerebrospinal fluid samples and 100 urine samples were compared with values obtained by a trichloroacetic acid-Ponceau S ...
Hammond E J - - 1992
An implanted stimulating device chronically stimulated the left cervical vagus nerve in epileptic patients. Cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of free and total gamma-aminobutyric acid, homovanillic acid, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, aspartate, glutamate, asparagine, serine, glutamine, glycine, phosphoethanolamine, taurine, alanine, tyrosine, ethanolamine, valine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, vasoactive intestinal peptide, beta-endorphin, and somatostatin were measured before ...
West D C - - 1992
These experiments combined electrophysiological recordings from hippocampal slices with application of drugs to and sampling of extracellular fluid from a restricted region of the slice using a push-pull cannula placed under the slice in an interface chamber. Stable and apparently normal extracellular and intracellular recordings could be obtained directly over ...
Schwitter J - - 1992
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recently, a rare syndrome that involves uniformly the brain, inner ear, and retina in previously healthy young women has been described. Brain biopsies and ophthalmologic examinations disclosed small infarcts as a pathoanatomical substrate of the disease. In previous reports, an autoimmune disorder or a coagulopathy have been ...
Young A M - - 1992
Changes in dopamine release and metabolism during drinking in thirsty rats were studied using in vivo microdialysis. Animals were maintained on controlled water (1 h per day) and trained to lick for water in a behavioural box. Microdialysis probes were then inserted into the left nucleus accumbens and right caudate ...
Roy A - - 1992
Cerebrospinal fluid studies have reported that low concentrations of the dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid are associated with suicidal behavior in depression. Although only a small proportion of homovanillic acid in the urine derives from the brain, we decided to examine 24-hour urinary outputs of homovanillic acid in relation to suicidal ...
Crespi F - - 1992
The electrochemical technique of differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) with micro-biosensors has been used for a number of years to monitor in vivo and in situ changes in the extracellular concentration of cerebral ascorbic acid, as well as that of the metabolites of dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT). We have recently ...
Squires P E - - 1992
The effect of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) on the contractile activity and fluid output of the large bowel of the rat was studied using an isolated segment of cecum and colon, mounted in vitro. The rate of contractile activity per minute in the proximal, mid, and distal regions of the ...
Ohlund L S - - 1992
The present study was designed to examine the relationship between electrodermal activity and the levels of the dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA) and the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in cerebrospinal fluid. Lumbar cerebrospinal fluid from 36 unmedicated and six medicated schizophrenic patients and 23 controls was analyzed by gas ...
Desan P H - - 1992
We determined levels of monoamines and their metabolites in 2 hypothalami dissected from the right and left hemibrains of 15 females during the right-left alternating ovulatory cycle of Anolis carolinensis. Tissue contents of the following were measured using HPLC and electrochemical (coulometric) detection: dopamine (DA) and its metabolite 2,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid ...
Träskman-Bendz L - - 1992
Biochemical studies related with suicidal behavior have mainly dealt with monoaminergic and corticosteroidal measures. We used some of these measures in a study of 61 suicide attempters who, except for occasional doses of benzodiazepines, had been medication free for a mean of 16 days. The monoamine metabolites 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, homovanillic ...
Brust P - - 1992
The extracellular amino acid concentrations in the left and right dorsal hippocampus of male rats were studied before and during application of vasopressin into the right hippocampus. The method of intracerebral microdialysis was used for both arginine vasopressin administration and monitoring of the composition of the extracellular fluid. The concentrations ...
Kim C S - - 1992
Effects of octanoic acid on monoamines and their acidic metabolites in the rat brain were analyzed by HPLC. Octanoic acid (1,000 mg/kg i.p.) elevated homovanillic acid levels by 54% in the caudate and 338% in the hypothalamus but increased 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels in both the caudate and the hypothalamus ...
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