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Tian Jingqi - - 2011
In this Communication, we report on the first preparation of conjugation polymer poly(2,3-diaminonaphthalene) (PDAN) microspheres via chemical oxidation polymerization of 2,3-diaminonaphthalene (DAN) monomers by ammonium persulfate (APS) at room temperature. We further demonstrate the use of PDAN microspheres as a novel quencher for fluorescence-enhanced nucleic acid detection.
Kvasnička František - - 2011
Phytic acid (PA) and lower inositolphosphates (InsP(n) ) is the main storage form of phosphorus in grains or seeds. The content of PA and InsP(n) in different varieties of barley was analyzed by capillary isotachophoresis and online-coupled capillary isotachophoresis with CZE. The electrolytes (in demineralized water) for the isotachophoretic analysis ...
Lino M - - 2011
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) colonizes the human intestine, causing haemorrhagic colitis and haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS). Treatment options are limited to intravenous fluids in part because sublethal doses of some antibiotics have been shown to stimulate increased toxin release and enhance the risk of progression to HUS. Preventative antimicrobial ...
Kabalka George W GW Departments of Radiology and Chemistry, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, - - 2011
Boron delivery characteristics of cis and trans isomers of a boronated unnatural amino acid, 1-amino-3-boronocyclopentanecarboxylic acid (ABCPC) were tested in the B16 mouse model for human melanoma. Both ABCPC isomers delivered comparable boron to B16 melanoma tumor cells as L-p-boronophenylalanine (BPA). Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) analysis revealed the presence ...
McNamara Robert K RK Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45219, United States. - - 2011
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), a lipid family comprised of omega-3 (n-3) and n-6 fatty acids, are a critical component of cellular membranes, and recent in vitro studies have found that antipsychotic medications up-regulate genes responsible for PUFA biosynthesis. To evaluate this effect in vivo, rats were treated with risperidone (1.5, ...
Watling Kym M - - 2011
Raman, infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies have been used to examine the effect of various chemical digestion methods on the composition of bamboo phytoliths. Intact bilobate phytoliths, suitable for interrogation by Raman microprobe analysis, were isolated by a microwave wet ashing technique using hydrogen peroxide with nitric and hydrochloric acids. ...
Rezanka Tomáš - - 2011
A biosynthetic pathway using pivalic acid as a starter unit was found in three bacterial species, Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, Rhodococcus erythropolis and Streptomyces avermitilis. When deuterium-labelled pivalic acid was added to A. acidoterrestris and R. erythropolis nutrient media it was incorporated into fatty acids to give rise to tert-butyl fatty acids ...
Szakonyi Zsolt - - 2011
Natural monoterpenes have proved to be good starting materials for the synthesis of β-amino acid derivatives. In the past decade, a number of well-known synthetic procedures have been applied for the preparation of monoterpene-based β-amino acid derivatives, e.g. from β-lactams via the 1,2-dipolar cycloaddition of chlorosulfonyl isocyanate to commercial or ...
Hoedtke Sandra - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the fermentation variables of laboratory-scale silages made in glass preserving jars (GLASS) and vacuum-packed plastic bags (Rostock model silages, ROMOS). Silages were prepared from perennial ryegrass (fresh and wilted, 151 g kg(-1) and 286 g kg(-1) dry matter (DM), respectively) and remoistened ...
Sala-Vila A - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Data on intake of oleic acid (OA) and insulin resistance (IR) are inconsistent. We investigated whether OA in serum phosphatidylcholine relates to surrogate measures of IR in dyslipidaemic subjects from a Mediterranean population. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 361 non-diabetic subjects (205 men, 156 women; mean age 44 ...
Kanawati Basem - - 2011
L-Ascorbic acid and two distinct anomers, namely the α-D-glucopyranosyl and β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-L-ascorbic acid (stereoisomers), were studied within the scope of collision-induced dissociation (CID) experiments, performed by linear ion acceleration and collision with argon atoms inside a hexapole quadrupole hexapole ion beam guide, which is coupled to an ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) ...
Martin Scott W - - 2011
Herein we report the identification and evaluation of a novel series of (E)-3-(1-cyclohexyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-2-methylacrylic acid derivatives identified from a deannulation study performed on the reported benzimidazole NS5B inhibitor, 1. This resulted in the identification of (E)-3-(2-(4-((4'-cyano-4-(4-hydroxypiperidine-1-carbonyl)biphenyl-2-yl)methoxy)phenyl)-1-cyclohexyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-2-methylacrylic acid (11) as a potent inhibitor of NS5B. Potential pathways for the further optimization of ...
Yang Hee-Man - - 2011
Endosome-escapable poly(amino acid) nanoparticles composed of iron oxide nanocrystals and anticancer drugs were prepared and demonstrated high T(2) relaxivity coefficients and higher efficacy attributed to the endosomolytic ability of the conjugated histidine moiety.
Liao Longyan L Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, 315 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-085, United - - 2011
A three-component coupling of vinyl triflates and boronic acids to alkenes catalyzed by palladium is reported. Using 1,3-dienes, selective 1,2-alkene difunction-alization is observed, whereas the use of terminal alkenes results in 1,1-alkene difunctionalization. The reaction outcome is attributed to the formation of stabilized, cationic Pd-π-allyl intermediates to regulate β-hydride elimination.
Jaiswal Rakesh - - 2011
The hydroxycinnamates of the leaves of 12 plants of the Astreraceae family, Achillea millefolium, Arnica montana, Artemesia dracunculus, Cichorium intybus, Cnicus benedictus, Cynara scolymus, Echinops humilis, Inula helenium, Lactuca sativa, Petasites hybridus, Solidago virgaurea, and Tanacetum parthenium were investigated qualitatively by LC-MS(n). Thirty-nine chlorogenic acids were detected and all characterized ...
Ren Hong - - 2011
The development of a catalytic asymmetric method for the direct aminoallylation of aldehydes is described that gives high asymmetric inductions for a broad range of substrates including both aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes. This method allows for direct isolation of unprotected analytically pure homoallylic amines without chromatography. The unique catalyst system ...
Kamng'ona Arox - - 2011
A polyphenol-rich extract of the medicinal resurrection plant Myrothamnus flabellifolia was shown to inhibit viral (M-MLV and HIV-1) reverse transcriptases. Fractionation and purification of this extract yielded the major polyphenol, 3,4,5 tri-O-galloylquinic acid, as the main active compound. A sensitive, ethidium bromide based fluorescent assay, was developed and used to ...
Beard C Mary - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The objective was to assess the association between increasing autism incidence rates and the increasing dose of folic acid in prescription prenatal and pediatric vitamins. METHODS: We used published autism incidence rates from the Rochester Epidemiological Project in Rochester, MN, for 1976-1997. Additionally, we used the percent of prescription ...
Hosono Natsue - - 2011
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic pathogen, is known to mainly use N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs) as autoinducers. Recent progress in this field demonstrated that not only AHLs, but also their degradation products, tetramic acids, may have some biological activities. The present study examined the roles of Pseudomonas autoinducers and tetramic acids in ...
Pop F - - 2011
During the microencapsulation process, the fish oil undergoes multiple changes in its physical properties such as bulkiness and dispersibility in aqueous phase and dry matrix. Autoxidation already occurred in the first stages of the microencapsulation process itself during emulsification and spray-drying. An efficient stabilization was achieved using a ternary combination ...
Muñoz Rebeca - - 2011
In some Mediterranean products such as olive oil or ham, oleic acid is the most abundant component of the total fat. Due to the large volume of trade in these products, it may be necessary to analyze oleic fatty acids in high numbers of samples in short periods of time. ...
Rosas-Ramírez Daniel - - 2011
Batatins III-VI (1-4), glycolipid ester-type dimers, were isolated from the tuberous roots of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) using recycle high performance liquid chromatography. Their structures were characterized by means of several high-resolution NMR and mass spectrometry techniques. These compounds are the first examples of ester-type dimers which consist of two ...
Kakizawa Taeko - - 2011
A recombinant form of BACE1 (β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme-1) corresponding to positions 46-454 of the extracellular domain of the original membrane enzyme was prepared. The recombinant BACE1 (rBACE1) had the kinetic parameters K(m)=5.5μM and k(cat)=1719s(-1). Using several libraries of substrates containing unnatural amino acids, the specificity of rBACE1 ...
Wakita Chika - - 2011
We developed a procedure to measure the 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) amino acid adducts using the fluorescent probe, 2-aminopyridine (2-AP). The method is based on the fact that HNE forms Michael addition-type amino acid adducts possessing an aldehyde functionality, which upon reaction with 2-AP in the presence of NaBH(3)CN can be converted ...
Becker P S - - 2011
The novel HLA-B*27:67 contains three nucleotide substitutions in exon 2 leading to two amino acid changes.
Lynett Philip T - - 2011
It has long been recognized that garlic and petiveria, two plants of the Allium genus-which also includes onions, leeks and shallots-possess great medicinal value. In recent times, the biological activities of extracts of these plants have been ascribed to the antioxidant properties of the thiosulfinate secondary metabolites allicin and S-benzyl ...
Bermudez Beatriz - - 2011
Traditionally, nutrients such as fatty acids have been viewed as substrates for the generation of high-energy molecules and as precursors for the biosynthesis of macromolecules. However, accumulating data from multiple lines of evidence suggest that dietary fatty acids are linked not only to health promotion but also to disease pathogenesis. ...
Huang Jim Jun-Hui - - 2011
Two microalgae, <i>Porphyridium cruentum</i> and <i>Platymonas subcordiformis</i> were subjected to a 3-day exposure of ultraviolet band A (UVA) radiation (~1.32-1.35 W m<sup>-2</sup>) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) (~11.56-11.62 Wm<sup>-2</sup>) followed by a 3-day UVA-free (exposure to PAR only) treatment. UVA significantly inhibited the growth of <i>P. subcordiformis</i> during the UVA ...
Cho Kyoungrai - - 2011
In this study, the effects of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid on MUC5AC mucin production and gene expression induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) from human airway epithelial cells were investigated. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with each agent for 30 min and then stimulated with ...
Krishnan Yamuna - - 2011
In biology, nucleic acids are carriers of molecular information: DNA's base sequence stores and imparts genetic instructions, while RNA's sequence plays the role of a messenger and a regulator of gene expression. As biopolymers, nucleic acids also have exciting physicochemical properties, which can be rationally influenced by the base sequence ...
Rachfall Nicole - - 2011
We describe a method to identify and analyze translationally regulative 5'UTRs (5'TRU) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Two-dimensional analyses of (35)S-methionine metabolically labeled cells revealed 13 genes and proteins, whose protein biosynthesis is post-transcriptionally up-regulated on amino acid starvation. The 5'UTRs of the respective mRNAs were further investigated. A plasmid-based reporter-testing system ...
Marino S R SR Department of Pathology, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60637-1470, USA. - - 2012
The identification of important amino acid substitutions associated with low survival in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is hampered by the large number of observed substitutions compared with the small number of patients available for analysis. Random forest analysis is designed to address these limitations. We studied 2107 HCT recipients with ...
Vila Carlos - - 2011
The effects of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT) and the natural laccase mediators gallic acid, caffeic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic acid, on the enzymatic bleaching of flax pulp were compared. The treatment was performed under atmospheric air and oxygen pressure, and, for the first time, monitored by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) for comparison with chemical ...
Mochida Satoshi - - 2011
The ortho-olefination of benzoic acids can be achieved effectively through rhodium-catalyzed oxidative coupling with alkenes. The carboxylic group is readily removable to allow ortho-olefination/decarboxylation in one-pot. alpha,beta-Unsaturated carboxylic acids such as methacrylic acid also undergo the olefination at the beta-position. Under the rhodium catalysis, the cine-olefination of heteroarene carboxylic acids ...
Zalatan Fred - - 2011
Studies evaluating the uptake of long-chain fatty acids in Caulobacter crescentus are consistent with a protein-mediated process. Using oleic acid (C18:1) as a substrate, fatty acid uptake was linear for up to 15 min. This process was saturable giving apparent V(max) and K(m) values of 374 pmol oleate transported/min/mg total protein and ...
Hadji P - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The open-label Rapid Onset and Sustained Efficacy (ROSE) study was designed to compare a once-yearly intravenous (iv) dose of zoledronic acid with a once-weekly oral dose of alendronate with respect to markers of bone turnover in approximately 600 postmenopausal women in Germany. METHODS: Levels of N-telopeptide of collagen type ...
- - 2011
The aim of the CRASH-2 trial was to assess the effects of early administration of tranexamic acid on death, vascular occlusive events, and blood transfusion in trauma patients with significant haemorrhage. Tranexamic acid significantly reduced all-cause mortality. Because tranexamic acid is thought to exert its effect through inhibition of fibrinolysis, ...
Liu Yuan - - 2011
N-Alkyl-N-benzyloxy carbamates, 2, undergo facile intramolecular cyclization with a variety of carbon nucleophiles to give functionalized 5- and 6-membered protected cyclic hydroxamic acids, 3, in good to excellent yields. This method can be extended to prepare seven-membered cyclic hydroxamic acids in moderate yields. The sulfone intermediates 3 from this study ...
Sonoda Hiroo - - 2011
Aims: Increased uric acid levels are associated with kidney dysfunction. We tested the hypothesis that uric acid level predicts future development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population. Methods: For this study, we enrolled 7,078 consecutive subjects with normal estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR; ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) who ...
McNulty Breige - - 2011
BACKGROUND The timing of folic acid supplement usage is critical to preventing pregnancies affected by neural tube defects (NTDs) because the neural tube closes by Day 28 post-conception. We investigated compliance of pregnant women with current folic acid recommendations (400 µg/day from preconception to 12 weeks) in relation to achieving ...
Jang Kyoung-Soon - - 2011
Lipoteichoic acid is a major cell wall virulence factor of gram-positive bacteria. LTAs from various bacteria have differential immunostimulatory potentials due to heterogeneity in their structures. Although recent studies have demonstrated that LTA isolated from Lactobacillus plantarum (pLTA) has anti-inflammatory properties and is less inflammatory than LTAs from pathogenic bacteria, ...
De P - - 2011
Cinnamic acid and its phenolic analogues are natural substances. Chemically, in cinnamic acids the 3-phenyl acrylic acid functionality offers three main reactive sites; substitution at the phenyl ring, addition at the α,β- unsaturation and the reactions of the carboxylic acid functionality. Owing to these chemical aspects cinnamic acid derivatives received ...
Du Deyao - - 2011
Introduction - In Eastern Europe, especially Russia, the fruiting body of Inonotus obliquus has been used as a folk medicine for cancer since the sixteenth or seventeenth century. Inotodiol and trametenolic acid are considered to be the main bioactive compounds of the fruiting body of the mushroom. These compounds show ...
Nakamura Mitsutaka - - 2011
A fluorometric sensor for detection and identification of biogenic amines with carboxylic acid modified tetraphenylethenes (TPEs) based on aggregation-induced emission (AIE) is reported. A mixture of the carboxylic acid substituted TPE and biogenic amines displayed a blue emission on aggregation, which serves as a "turn-on" fluorescent sensor for the amines, ...
Distler Jörg H W - - 2011
PURPOSE.: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a autoimmune disease marked by aberrant activation and apoptosis of endothelial cells (ECs) and decreased numbers circulating angiogenic cells (CACs). The aim of the present study was to analyze whether microparticles might link pathologic activation and apoptosis of ECs with the reduced numbers of CACs. ...
Philip Gayle K - - 2011
Abstract The last universal common ancestor of contemporary biology (LUCA) used a precise set of 20 amino acids as a standard alphabet with which to build genetically encoded protein polymers. Considerable evidence indicates that some of these amino acids were present through nonbiological syntheses prior to the origin of life, ...
Maeda Hajime - - 2011
ent-Eudesmane sesquiterpenoids, 8,11-dihydroxy-2,4-cycloeudesmane, 11-hydroxy-2,4-cycloeudesman-8-one and 2,4-cyclo-7(11)-eudesmen-8-one, were isolated from the wood of Platycarya strobilacea, which has been used as an aromatic tree since at least the 18th century. On charring the wood, 2,4-cyclo-7(11)-eudesmen-8-one was detected in the smoke. In the charred wood, the concentrations of ellagitannins, such as galloyl pedunculagin, ...
Poulia Kalliopi-Anna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that omega-3 fatty acids have an effect on serum lipids and inflammation markers in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. DESIGN: The study followed a single-blind, randomized, crossover design. SETTING: The study was conducted at the Hemodialysis Unit of the Laikon ...
Momiyama Norie - - 2011
The chiral Brønsted acid (1b or 1c) has been shown to initiate the Hosomi-Sakurai reaction of imines with excellent enantioselectivities. The combined Brønsted acid system has been developed to offer a new class of chiral Brønsted acid catalysis. The present system proceeds through regeneration of the chiral Brønsted acid by ...
Fernandes Flavia Spreafico - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate flaxseed as a partial source of protein and an exclusive source of lipids and fibers in the development of the central nervous system by analyzing hippocampal fatty acid composition and cognitive and locomotor functions. METHODS: Experimental diets were given to dams during preconception, pregnancy, and lactation and ...
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