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Rutkowski Joseph M - - 2011
Antioxidants in respiratory mucus protect the underlying airway epithelium from damage by ozone (O(3)), a common outdoor air pollutant. To understand O(3)-antioxidant interactions and the variation of these interactions among individuals, in vitro assays are needed to measure the total antioxidant capacity of airway lavage fluid, a convenient source of ...
Saladino Raffaele - - 2011
Mineral components of the Murchison meteorite were investigated in terms of potential catalytic effects on synthetic and hydrolytic reactions related to ribonucleic acid. We found that the mineral surfaces catalyzed condensation reactions of formamide to form carboxylic acids, amino acids, nucleobases and sugar precursors. These results suggest that formamide condensation ...
Katane Masumi - - 2011
It was long believed that d-amino acids were either unnatural isomers or laboratorial artifacts and that the important functions of amino acids were exerted only by l-amino acids. However, recent investigations have shown that a variety of d-amino acids are present in mammals and that they play important roles in ...
Revilla-López Guillem - - 2011
Recently, we reported a database (Noncoded Amino acids Database; http://recerca.upc.edu/imem/index.htm) that was built to compile information about the intrinsic conformational preferences of nonproteinogenic residues determined by quantum mechanical calculations, as well as bibliographic information about their synthesis, physical and spectroscopic characterization, the experimentally established conformational propensities, and applications (Revilla-López et ...
Arya R R Division of Pediatric Neurology, AIIMS, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, - - 2011
Gingival overgrowth is an important adverse effect of phenytoin (PHT) therapy, occurring in about half of the patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of oral folic acid supplementation (0.5 mg/day) for the prevention of PHT-induced gingival overgrowth (PIGO) in children with epilepsy aged 6-15 years on PHT monotherapy ...
Mine Saori - - 2011
Shrimp farming accounts for more than 40% of the world shrimp production. Luminous vibriosis is a shrimp disease that causes major economic losses in the shrimp industry as a result of massive shrimp kills due to infection. Some farms in the South Asia use antibiotics to control Vibrio harveyi, a ...
Dangat Kamini D - - 2011
The present study aims to examine the effect of maternal supplementation of omega 3 fatty acids to a micronutrient (folic acid and vitamin B(12))-imbalanced diet on gastric milk volume and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid composition. Pregnant female rats were divided into 6 groups at 2 levels of folic acid in ...
Stout Michael B - - 2011
Scope: Conjugated linoleic acid reduces weight gain and adipose mass while inducing liver enlargement, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance in mice. The objective of this study was to determine if hepatic steatosis induced by conjugated linoleic acid would predict for hepatic diacylglycerol accumulation, increased membrane-associated protein kinase C ε, and ...
Bubna Gisele Adriana - - 2011
The allelopathic effect of caffeic acid was tested on root growth, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and peroxidase (POD) activities, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) accumulation, lignin content and monomeric composition of soybean (Glycine max) roots. We found that exogenously applied caffeic acid inhibited root growth, decreased the PAL activity and H(2)O(2) content and ...
Liu Xinyao - - 2011
Using genetically modified cyanobacterial strains, we engineered a Green Recovery strategy to convert membrane lipids into fatty acids for economical and environmentally sustainable biofuel production. The Green Recovery strategy utilizes lipolytic enzymes under the control of promoters induced by CO(2) limitation. Data indicate that strains of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. ...
Liu Ting Ting - - 2011
Cadmium (Cd) pollution and acid rain are the main environmental issues, and they often occur in the same agricultural region. Nevertheless, up to now, little information on the combined pollution of Cd(2+) and acid rain action on crops were presented. Here, we investigated the combined effect of Cd(2+) and acid ...
Long Yun-Duo - - 2011
Biodiesel and lactic acid from rapeseed oil was produced using sodium silicate as catalyst. The transesterification in the presence of the catalyst proceeded with a maximum yield of 99.6% under optimized conditions [3% (w/w) sodium silicate, methanol/oil molar ratio 9/1, reaction time 60min, reaction temperature 60°C, and stirring rate 250rpm]. ...
Burri Lena - - 2011
The administration of tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA), a hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory modified bioactive fatty acid, has in several experiments based on high fat diets been shown to improve lipid transport and utilization. It was suggested that increased mitochondrial and peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation in the liver of Wistar rats results in ...
Kusaka Shintaro - - 2011
A convenient and simple synthetic method of dodecaboratethio-l-amino acid, a new class of tumor-seeking boron carrier for BNCT, was accomplished from S-cyanoethylthioundecahydro-closo-dodecaborate (S-cyanoethyl-(10)BSH, [(10)B(12)H(11)](2-)SCH(2)CH(2)CN) and bromo-l-α-amino acids by nearly one step S-alkylation. An improved synthesis of S-cyanoethyl-(10)BSH, a key starting compound for S-alkylation, was also performed by Michael addition of ...
Malik Noeen - - 2011
Due to the specificity of expression of PSMA (prostate specific membrane antigen) particularly in prostate cancer cells (e.g. LNCaP), numerous PSMA ligands have been synthesized until now. In the current study, we synthesized DUPA-Pep having 2-[3-(1,3-dicarboxypropyl)ureido]pentanedioic acid (DUPA) linked via 8-aminooctanoic acid to two phenylalanine residues and chose 6-[(18)F]fluoronicotinic acid ...
Samarut Eric - - 2011
The vitamin A derivative, retinoic acid (RA), is essential for embryonic development through the activation of cognate nuclear receptors, RARs, which work as ligand dependent regulators of transcription. In vitro studies revealed how RARs control gene expression at the molecular level and now it appears that it is fine-tuned by ...
Amorati Riccardo - - 2011
Ascorbic acid (vit. C) is a cofactor whose reactivity toward peroxyl and other radical species has a key-role in its biological function. At physiological pH it is dissociated to the corresponding anion. Derivatives of ascorbic acid, like ascorbyl palmitate, are widely employed in food or in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. While ...
Meier Susanne - - 2011
The current study determined whether the pre-implantation conceptus modified endometrial fatty acid concentrations. Oestrus was synchronized in 14 mature lactating cows and embryos were transferred on day 7. Cows were slaughtered 10 d later, with each uterine horn flushed, the pre-implantation conceptus located, and inter-caruncular endometrial tissue collected from the ...
Cheng Cheanyeh - - 2011
An innovative two-dimensional high-performance liquid chromatography system was developed for the simultaneous analysis of aspartame and its hydrolysis products of Coca-Cola Zero. A C8 reversed-phase chromatographic column with ultraviolet detection was used as the first dimension for the determination of aspartame, and a ligand-exchange chromatographic column with on-line postcolumn derivation ...
Braun Doris E - - 2011
A study of two dihydroxybenzoic acid isomers shows that computational methods can be used to predict hydrate formation, the compound:water ratio and hydrate crystal structures. The calculations also help identify a novel hydrate found in the solid form screening that validates this study.
McManus Alexandra - - 2011
The general public is increasingly aware of the health benefits associated with consumption of omega-3 fatty acids. While evidence of health benefits continues to mount, the underlying science is complex. Omega-3 fatty acids vary in their physiological efficacy. Consumers are typically unaware of differences in the efficacy of different omega-3 ...
Kobayashi Takumi - - 2011
Thraustochytrids, marine protists known to accumulate polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in lipid droplets, are considered an alternative to fish oils as a source of PUFAs. The major fatty acids produced in thraustochytrids are palmitic acid (C(16:0)), n - 6 docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) (C(22:5)(n) (- 6)), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (C(22:6)(n) ...
Shen Feng F Department of Chemistry, Institute for Biophysical Dynamics, The University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, United - - 2011
In this paper, digital quantitative detection of nucleic acids was achieved at the single-molecule level by chemical initiation of over one thousand sequence-specific, nanoliter isothermal amplification reactions in parallel. Digital polymerase chain reaction (digital PCR), a method used for quantification of nucleic acids, counts the presence or absence of amplification ...
Szumacher-Strabel Malgorzata - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Camelina sativa cake (CSC), a rich source of unsaturated fatty acids, in the case of ruminants, may improve the energy value of a diet and also increase the unsaturated fatty acid content in milk. Effects of basal diet (control), basal diet plus 30 g kg(-1) of CSC in dietary ...
Zakharkina Tetyana - - 2011
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a noninvasive method to assess airway biology. The aim of the present study was to evaluate EBC for the detection of microbial nucleic acids during acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). Bacterial nucleic acids can be identified in EBCs of COPD patients ...
Mena Pedro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The study of 15 pomegranate cultivars was carried out in order to demonstrate the wide diversity among the quality of Spanish pomegranates, and compared to 'Wonderful' cultivars, which are used worldwide for industrial purposes. Juice yield, quality parameters, organic acids and sugars, colour, vitamin C, ellagic acid, punicalagins, anthocyanins, ...
Tajima Youichi - - 2011
Recently, pharmacological chaperone therapy for Pompe disease with small molecules such as imino sugars has attracted interest. But mutant acid α-glucosidase (GAA) species responsive to imino sugars are limited. To elucidate the characteristics of a mutant GAA responsive to imino sugars, we performed biochemical and structural analyses. Among cultured fibroblast ...
Liu Tianfei - - 2011
A copper-catalyzed trifluoromethylation of aryl- and alkenylboronic acids with Togni's reagent was described. The reaction proceeded in good to excellent yields for a range of different substrates including heteroarylboronic acids and substrates with a variety of functional groups under mild reaction conditions.
Nagao Jun-Ichi - - 2011
Lantibiotics are ribosomally synthesized, post-translationally modified, peptide antibiotics containing unusual amino acids such as dehydrated amino acids and lanthionine. These unusual amino acids impose conformational constraints on the peptide and contribute to the biological activity and high physicochemical stability of lantibiotics. Recent researches on the modification enzymes responsible for dehydration ...
Xu Ci - - 2011
1,2-cis-Glycosyl acetates with the α-configuration were revealed to be very unreactive towards Lewis acid catalyzed thioglycosylations. Optimal and cost-effective conditions for enabling this direct conversion is absent in the literature. Our studies have shown that elevating the reaction temperature with a catalytic amount of BF(3)·OEt(2) was more effective than changing ...
Cao Dong - - 2011
Triphenylsulfonium chloride (TPSC) was employed as a bifunctional agent for the selective enrichment of perfluoroalkyl sulfonates by triphenylsulfonium perfluorosulfonic acid (TPA, a photoacid generator) precipitation, and for the direct detection of perfluorosulfonic acid by MALDI-TOF-MS, using the triphensylsulfonium group of TPA as a matrix.
Duan Shu-Wen - - 2011
An asymmetric nucleophilic addition/protonation reaction of 3-substituted oxindoles and ethyl 2-phthalimidoacrylate has been described. This strategy can give direct access to C(γ)-tetrasubstituted α-amino acid derivatives bearing 1,3-nonadjacent stereocenters with up to 98% yield, 94:6 dr, and >99% ee. Dual activation is proposed in the transition state, and the opposite enantiomers ...
Segovia-Bravo Kharla A - - 2011
The aim of the work was to study the postharvest changes in Manzanilla olives and to find treatments to mitigate damages due to bruises. The phenolic content in bruised and unbruised fruits exposed to air always decreased but the loss in phenols and the respiratory activity were greater in bruised ...
Zhao Zhi - - 2011
Corynebacterium glutamicum played a central role in the establishment of fermentative production of amino acids, and it is a model for genetic and physiological studies. The general aromatic amino acid transporter, AroP( Cg ), was the sole functionally identified aromatic amino acid transporter from C. glutamicum. In this study, the ...
Wittine K - - 2011
We report on the synthesis of the novel types of cytosine and 5-azacytosine (1-9), uracil and 6-azauracil (13-18) and cyanuric acid (19-22) derivatives of l-ascorbic acid, and on their cytostatic activity evaluation in human malignant tumour cell lines vs. their cytotoxic effects on human normal fibroblasts (WI38). The CD spectra ...
Pouvreau Benjamin - - 2011
WRINKLED1 (WRI1), a key regulator of seed oil biosynthesis in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), was duplicated during the genome amplification of the cereal ancestor genome 90 million years ago. Both maize (Zea mays) coorthologs ZmWri1a and ZmWri1b show a strong transcriptional induction during the early filling stage of the embryo and ...
Cain Natalie E - - 2011
Intracellular trafficking of the general amino acid permease, Gap1p, of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is regulated by amino acid abundance. When amino acids are scarce Gap1p is sorted to the plasma membrane, whereas when amino acids are abundant Gap1p is sorted from the trans-Golgi through the multivesicular endosome (MVE) and to the ...
Truong Ngan B - - 2011
Three new triterpenoids, bonianic acids A (1) and B (2) and 3-O-acetyluncaric acid (3), were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Radermachera boniana, together with six known compounds, ursolic acid (4), oleanolic acid (5), 3-epi-oleanolic acid (6), 3α-O-acetyl-α-boswellic acid (7), ergosterol peroxide (8), and β-sitostenone (9). Ergosterol peroxide (8) ...
Mori Keiji - - 2011
Chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed asymmetric C-H functionalization has been achieved. In this process, enantiotopic C(sp(3))-hydrogen is selectively activated by chiral phosphoric acid to afford tetrahydroquinoline derivatives with excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% ee).
Huang Gaochao - - 2011
An effective method for highly enantioselective alkynylation of ketoimine (α-trifluoromethyl ketoimine ester) has been developed via a zinc/BINOL catalyzed process. This protocol provides a useful and facile access to optically active quaternary α-trifluoromethyl α-amino acids and related derivatives of interest in life sciences.
Zhang Yingjie - - 2011
Inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDAC) results in growth arrest, differentiation, and apoptosis in nearly all tumor cell lines, promoting HDACs as promising targets for antitumor therapy. In our previous study we developed a novel series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives as HDAC inhibitors (HDACi), among which compound 7d exhibited promising HDAC8 ...
Xing Chun-Hui - - 2011
The synthesis and application of a series of optically active 1,1'-spirobiindane-7,7'-diol (SPINOL)-based phosphoric acids are described. These SPINOL-based phosphoric acids were prepared from (R)-SPINOL in three steps and exhibited excellent enantioselectivities for the reactions of indoles with aldimines and β,γ-unsaturated-α-ketoesters. Our study provides a family of promising chiral phosphoric acids ...
Śmiechowski Maciej - - 2011
The hydration of carboxylic acids in dilute aqueous solutions is important for our understanding of their functioning in the biochemical context. Here we apply vibrational spectra of HDO isotopically diluted in H(2)O to study this phenomenon, using the difference spectra method for analysis and interpretation of the results. The spectra ...
Labayen Idoia - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Nutritional factors in early life may have long-term physiologic effects in humans. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) play important roles in protecting against cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Our aim was to examine the association of birth weight (BW) with serum long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) profile ...
Oie Erik - - 2011
Objectives: Free fatty acids (FFAs) are the major energy sources of the heart and fatty acids (FAs) are active components of biological membranes. Data indicate that levels of FAs and their composition may influence myocardial function and inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether total levels and ...
Trapella Claudio C Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2011
This study reports the synthesis, chromatographic separation, and pharmacological evaluation of the two enantiomers of the neuropeptide S receptor (NPSR) antagonist (9R/S)-3-oxo-1,1-diphenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazine-7-carboxylic acid 4-fluoro-benzylamide (SHA 68). The (9R)-3-oxo-1,1-diphenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazine-7-carboxylic acid 4-fluoro-benzylamide (compound 10) and (9S)-3-oxo-1,1-diphenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazine-7-carboxylic acid 4-fluoro-benzylamide (compound 10a) were synthesized and their purity assessed by chiral chromatography. The absolute configuration ...
Geboers Jan - - 2011
The hydrolytic hydrogenation of cellulose in the presence of Ru-loaded zeolites and trace amounts of mineral acid shows excellent yields (>90%) for hexitols.
Yang Qing - - 2011
In this paper, we developed a novel method of acid-base titration, viz. the electromigration acid-base titration (EABT), via a moving neutralization boundary (MNR). With HCl and NaOH as the model strong acid and base, respectively, we conducted the experiments on the EABT via the method of moving neutralization boundary for ...
Sulbaek Andersen Mads P - - 2011
The solubility of gas-phase acetic acid (CH(3)COOH, HAc) and trifluoroacetic acid (CF(3)COOH, TFA) in aqueous sulfuric acid solutions was measured in a Knudsen cell reactor over ranges of temperature (207-245 K) and acid composition (40-75 wt %, H(2)SO(4)). For both HAc and TFA, the effective Henry's law coefficient, H*, is ...
Rajender Reddy Leleti - - 2011
A highly regio- and diastereoselective reduction of various N-tert-butanesulfinyl ketimine esters with L-Selectride resulting in the formation of alpha-amino acids is reported. This method is quite general and also practical for the preparation of both enantiomers of aryl or aliphatic alpha-amino acids in high yields.
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