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Choma Adam - - 2011
Lipopolysaccharides of seven Bradyrhizobium strains and three whole-cell fatty acid preparations from bacteria isolated from nodules of Sarothamnus scoparius (Common Broom) were studied for the presence of very long chain (ω-1)-hydroxy fatty acids. Several such fatty acids were identified. Among them, straight-chain as well as mono- and dimethyl branched acids ...
Skuladottir Gudrun V - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011 ABSTRACT: Background  The anti-inflammatory or anti-arrhythmic effects of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) may decrease the risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF), but interventional studies have yielded conflicting results. We examined the association between n-3 LC-PUFA and n-6 LC-PUFA in plasma phospholipids (PL) and ...
Arbo Ingerid - - 2011
Abstract Increasing evidence suggests that fatty acid desaturases, rate-limiting enzymes in unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis, are important factors in the pathogenesis of lipid-induced insulin resistance. The conversion of dihomogamma linolenic acid (DGLA) into arachidonic acid (AA) in human plasma phospholipids has been shown to be regulated by insulin, suggesting a ...
Kuhnert Nikolai - - 2011
Arnica montana is a medicinally important plant due to its broad health effects and it is used in Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, Unani, folk medicines and as a spice or additive to alcoholic beverages . We have used LC-MSn (n = 2-5) to detect and characterize in Arnica flowers eleven quantitatively minor ...
Mfuh Adelphe M - - 2011
A novel asparagine-derived lipid analogue (ALA(11,17)) bearing a tetrahydropyrimidinone headgroup and two fatty chains (11 and 17 indicate the lengths of linear alkyl groups) was synthesized in high yield and purity. The thin film hydration of formulations containing 5 mol % or greater ALA(11,17) in distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC) generated multilamellar vesicles ...
Martin Natalia - - 2011
The Bacillus subtilis genome encodes three apparent lipoyl ligase homologues: yhfJ, yqhM and ywfL, which we have renamed lplJ, lipM and lipL respectively. We show that LplJ encodes the sole lipoyl ligase of this bacterium. Physiological and biochemical characterization of a ΔlipM strain showed that LipM is absolutely required for ...
Treesukosol Yada - - 2011
Evidence in the literature shows that in rodents, some taste-responsive neurons respond to both quinine and acid stimuli. Also, under certain circumstances, rodents display some degree of difficulty in discriminating quinine and acid stimuli. Here, C57BL/6J mice were trained and tested in a 2-response operant discrimination task. Mice had severe ...
Seligmann Hervé - - 2011
Codon-anticodon mismatches and tRNA misloadings cause translational amino acid misinsertions, producing dysfunctional proteins. Here I explore the original hypothesis whether mismatches tend to compensate misacylation, so as to insert the amino acid coded by the codon. This error compensation is promoted by the fact that codon-anticodon mismatch stabilities increase with ...
Oztürk Mehmet - - 2011
The fatty acids of Agaricus essettei, Agaricus bitorquis and Agaricus bisporus were investigated by using GC and GC-MS. The dominant fatty acids were found to be linoleic (61.82-67.29%) and palmitic (12.67-14.71%) acids among the thirteen fatty acids detected in the oils. Total unsaturation for the oils was calculated as 77.50%, ...
Manzano E - - 2011
The correct identification of drying oils plays an essential role in providing an understanding of the conservation and deterioration of artistic materials in works of art. To this end, this work proposes the use of peak area ratios from fatty acids after ensuring that the linear responses of the detector ...
Satapathy Rashmirekha - - 2011
The unusual reactivity of carborane mono and dialdehydes with pyrroles in the presence of acid catalysts leads to the formation of a new class of carboranyl mono and dipyrro derivatives.
Matulová Mária - - 2011
Arabinogalactan-protein, previously isolated from instant coffee powder of Coffea arabica, has been subjected to partial mild acidic and enzymatic hydrolyses. Separation of obtained mixtures by size exclusion and HPLC chromatographies afforded series of oligosaccharides, structure of which were studied by NMR spectroscopy. Mild acidic hydrolysis afforded oligosaccharides without any αAraf ...
Behpour Mohsen - - 2011
The comparative electrochemical behavior of self-assembled monolayers of two Schiff's bases, 2-{[(Z)-1-(3-furyl)methylidene]amino}-1-benzenethiol (FMAB) and 2-{[(2-sulfanylphenyl)imino]methyl}phenol (SIMP) on a bare gold electrode (Au FMAB SAM-modified electrode and Au SIMP SAM-modified electrode, respectively), was investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in a 0.1 mol L(-1) KCl solution that ...
Chi Xiaoyuan - - 2011
Fatty acid desaturases are responsible for the insertion of double bonds into pre-formed fatty acid chains in reactions that require oxygen and reducing equivalents. In this study, genes for FAB2, FAD2-2, FAD6 and SLD1, were cloned from peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). The ORFs of the four genes were 1,221, 1,152, ...
Sahin Saliha - - 2011
Four species of Prunella L. (Prunella vulgaris L., Prunella laciniata L., Prunella grandiflora L. and Prunella orientalis Bornm.) belong to the family of Lamiaceae and representing popular Western and Chinese herbal medicine were examined for the content of phenolic compounds. Phenolic acids (rosmarinic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid, ...
Dossi Nicolò - - 2011
The use of a mixed-valent ruthenium oxide/hexacyanoruthenate polymeric film electrochemically deposited onto glassy carbon electrodes is proposed here for the detection of biogenic amines and their amino acid precursors, following their separation by microchip capillary electrophoresis. The ability of this ruthenium coating to electrocatalyze the oxidation of aliphatic and heterocyclic ...
Saravanan K - - 2011
The present investigation is focused on potential use of banana pseudostem (BPS), which otherwise is disposed off as a waste or incinerated, as a source of polyphenols or antioxidants. The total phenolics (TP) and total flavonoids (TF) in various solvent extracts of pseudostem (PS) of different banana cultivars varied from ...
D'Anna Francesca - - 2011
The reaction rates for the rearrangement of eleven (Z)-arylhydrazones of 5-amino-3-benzoyl-1,2,4-oxadiazole 3a-k into the relevant (2-aryl-5-phenyl-2H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ureas 4a-k in the presence of trichloroacetic acid or of piperidine have been determined in toluene at 313.1 K. The results have been related to the effect of the aryl substituent by using Hammett and/or ...
Ponts Nadia - - 2011
The impact of five phenolic acids (ferulic, coumaric, caffeic, syringic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids) on fungal growth and type B trichothecene production by four strains of Fusarium graminearum was investigated. All five phenolic acids inhibited growth, but the degree of inhibition varied between strains. Our results suggested that the more lipophilic ...
Pilgrim Sarah - - 2011
Microbial 1,2-dihydroxylation of sodium benzoate permits the rapid construction of novel inositol-amino acid hybrid structures. Both β- and γ-amino acids are accessible by means of an acylnitroso Diels-Alder cycloaddition.
Evans Karen A - - 2011
A series of phenoxyacetic acids as subtype selective and potent hPPARδ partial agonists is described. Many analogues were readily accessible via a single solution-phase synthetic route which resulted in the rapid identification of key structure-activity relationships (SAR), and the discovery of two potent exemplars which were further evaluated in vivo. ...
Lee Reiko T - - 2011
New multi-valent, carbohydrate ligands that contain terminal N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) or lactose (Lac) were prepared using a nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) derivative of l-lysine as scaffold. Tri-valent structures were prepared by attaching an ω-amino glycoside of GalNAc or Lac to each of the three carboxyl groups of N(ε)-protected N(α)-dicarboxymethyl-l-lysine. In addition, a ...
Fosado-Quiroz Rosa Eréndira - - 2011
Acid unfolding of non-inhibited papain at pH 2 was studied by means of spectroscopic and electrophoresis techniques as well as activity assays. We found a molten globule like species (A state) similar to that previously reported for bromelain and S-carboxy-methyl-papain. We demonstrated that this A state is not thermodynamically stable ...
Padmashree Ananthan - - 2011
A study was undertaken to evaluate the antioxygenic activity of bitter gourd pulp and seed powders as well as their various solvent extracts using different methods and to minimise the oxidative deterioration of lipids by natural antioxidants. Bitter gourd pulp and seed powders at 20 g kg(-1) and their ethanol/water ...
Fameau Anne-Laure - - 2011
Unsaturated fatty acids may be extracted from various agricultural resources and are widely used as soaps in the industry. However, there also exist a large variety of saturated and hydroxy fatty acids in nature, but their metal salts crystallize at room temperature in water, hampering their use in biological and ...
Molero Gemma - - 2011
We have developed a method based on a double labeling with stable isotopes and gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC/C/IRMS) analyses to study amino acid exchange in a symbiotic plant-microbe association. Isotopic precision was studied for 21 standards including 15 amino acid derivatives, three N-protected amino acid methyl esters, three ...
Hosseini-Sarvari Mona - - 2011
Nano-sized sulfated titania has been prepared by a sol-gel hydrothermal process. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron, and scanning electron micrographs (TEM and SEM), FT-IR specific surface area, and BET N2 adsorption were employed to characterize the properties of the synthesized sulfated TiO2. The results indicated that both anatase and rutile ...
Silver Frederick H - - 2011
The positions of charged residues in the primary sequence of amino acids comprising the molecular model of type I collagen, the major extracellular protein found in vertebrate tissues, have been earlier characterized by Chapman and Hardcastle [Chapman, J.A., and Hardcastle, R.A. (1974). The staining pattern of collagen fibrils. II. A ...
Plank Megan S - - 2011
Neonates exposed to common neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) procedures show alterations in heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation. However, it is unclear if these physiologic changes increase adenosine triphosphate (ATP) utilization, thus potentially increasing the risk for tissue hypoxia in medically fragile neonates. Plasma uric acid is a ...
Hu Wei W Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29403, - - 2011
Much data implicate saturated fatty acids in deleterious processes associated with obesity, diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome. Many of these changes may be due to aberrant generation of bioactive lipids when saturated fatty acid availability to tissues is increased. On the other hand, studies are emerging that implicate the monounsaturated ...
Stella Suzana P - - 2011
Total antioxidant activity (TAA), total phenolic compounds (TPC), and physicochemical characteristics of ready-to-drink orange juice and nectar from the most consumed brands available in Brazil were evaluated. TPC ranged from 18.7 to 54.2 mg of gallic acid/100 mL, and TAA varied from 57.88 to 349.32 μmol TEAC/100 mL ready-to-drink orange ...
Hinton Paul J - - 2011
An unexpected biodistribution of nebulized Tc-99m diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid was detected after the ventilation of a patient referred for diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. Radiochemical purity testing of the stock vial showed more than 95% labelling. Further investigation indicated that the problem was possibly associated with a cleaning agent used ...
Lee Sun Hee - - 2011
The potential use of activated sludge for the production of medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates (MCL-PHAs) was investigated. The enrichment of bacterial populations capable of producing MCL-PHAs was achieved by periodic feeding with nonanoic acid in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR). Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains to be predominant ...
Wendeberg Magnus - - 2011
For anchoring CO(2) isotopic measurements on the δ(18) O(VPD-CO2) scale, the primary reference material (NBS 19 calcite) needs to be digested using concentrated ortho-phosphoric acid. During this procedure, great care must be taken to ensure that the isotopic composition of the liberated gas is accurate. Apart from controlling the reaction ...
Mullen W - - 2011
Commercial whole coffee fruit extracts and powder samples were analyzed for chlorogenic acids (CGA), caffeine and antioxidant activities. CGA and caffeine were characterized by LC-MS(n) and HPLC accordingly, and quantified by UV absorbance. ORAC, HORAC, NORAC, SORAC and SOAC (antioxidant capacities) were assessed. Three caffeoylquinic acids, three feruloylquinic acids, three ...
Ryan Derek M - - 2011
The development of hydrogels resulting from the self-assembly of low molecular weight (LMW) hydrogelators is a rapidly expanding area of study. Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) protected aromatic amino acids derived from phenylalanine (Phe) have been shown to be highly effective LMW hydrogelators. It has been found that side chain functionalization of Fmoc-Phe ...
Czaun Miklos - - 2011
The present Minireview covers the formation and the structural characterization of noble metal carbonyl and hydrido carbonyl complexes, with particular emphasis on ruthenium complexes using formic acid as a carbonyl and hydride source. The catalytic activity of these organometallic compounds for the decarboxylation of formic acid, a potential hydrogen storage ...
Gavrilova Verka - - 2011
The phenolic profile of four blueberry varieties (Vaccinium corymbosum L., cv. Toro, Legacy, Duke and Bluecrop) and two varieties (Rosenthal and Rovada) of red currants (Ribes rubrum L.) and black currants (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivated in Macedonia have been analyzed using HPLC coupled to diode-array detection and tandem mass spectrometry ...
Mitchell Ryan W - - 2011
The blood-brain barrier (BBB), formed by the brain capillary endothelial cells, provides a protective barrier between the systemic blood and the extracellular environment of the central nervous system. Passage of fatty acids from the blood to the brain may occur either by diffusion or by proteins that facilitate their transport. ...
Zhao Lihua - - 2011
The microbiological, physico-chemical and free fatty acid composition of dry fermented mutton sausages were determined during ripening and storage. Three sausage mixtures (starter culture [SC], SC and black pepper [SC+BP] and SC, BP and cumin [SC+BP+C]) were compared with a control (CO). In general, the lactic acid bacteria populations in ...
Bannerman Bret - - 2011
To investigate whether clinically relevant levels of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG, a component of green tea) or vitamin C (ascorbic acid) could antagonize bortezomib antitumor activity in CWR22 human prostate xenograft tumors. The pharmacokinetics (PK) of EGCG and ascorbic acid were determined in immunocompromised mice and compared with concentrations measured in ...
Kitagawa Fumihiko - - 2011
This review highlights recent progresses in capillary electrophoresis (CE) analysis of amino acid enantiomers in the last decade. Various chiral selectors including cyclodextrins (CDs), bile salts, crown ethers, cinchona alkaloids, metal-chiral amino acid complexes, macrocyclic antibiotics and proteins have been employed to separate amino acid enantiomers. In the CE analysis ...
Hoshina Kaori - - 2011
A restricted access media-molecularly imprinted polymer (RAM-MIP) for flufenamic acid has been developed for the simultaneous determination of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in river water samples. The RAM-MIP was prepared using 4-vinylpyridine and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as a functional monomer and cross-linker, respectively, by a multi-step swelling and polymerization method ...
Cao Quan - - 2011
Conversion of fructose and glucose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was investigated in various imidazolium ionic liquids, including 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BmimCl), 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (HmimCl), 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (OmimCl), 1-benzyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BemimCl), 1-Butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride (BdmimCl), and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium p-toluenesulfonate (BmimPS). The acidic C-2 hydrogen of imidazolium cations was shown to play a major role in ...
Ozçelik Berrin - - 2011
Objective: Some natural products consisting of the alkaloids yohimbine and vincamine (indole-type), scopolamine and atropine (tropane-type), colchicine (tropolone-type), allantoin (imidazolidine-type), trigonelline (pyridine-type) as well as octopamine, synephrine, and capsaicin (exocyclic amine-type); the flavonoid derivatives quercetin, apigenin, genistein, naringin, silymarin, and silibinin; and the phenolic acids namely gallic acid, caffeic acid, ...
Jin Weizhong - - 2011
The acid-base balance of arterial blood is important for the clinical management of seriously ill patients, especially patients with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome. We developed a novel fluorosensor for continuous blood pH monitoring and evaluated its performance both in vitro and in vivo in rabbits with ...
García Patricia - - 2011
The challenging separation of regioisomers and enantiomers of monoacylglycerols (MAGs) of fatty acids has been achieved using a single chiral HPLC column (Chiralpak(®) IC or Chiralpak(®) IA) and hexane/2-propanol eluent mixtures, without previous derivatization of the samples. The efficacy of the method is independent of the chain length and the ...
Kuznik Alenka - - 2011
Endosomal TLRs play an important role in innate immune response as well as in autoimmune processes. In the therapy of systemic lupus erythematosus, antimalarial drugs chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, and quinacrine have been used for a long time. Their suppression of endosomal TLR activation has been attributed to the inhibition of endosomal ...
Endres Stefanie - - 2011
The enzyme myo-inositol oxygenase (MIOX; E.C. 1.13.99.1) catalyzes the ring-opening four-electron oxidation of myo-inositol into glucuronic acid, which is subsequently activated to UDP-glucuronic acid (UDP-GlcA) and serves as a precursor for plant cell wall polysaccharides. Starting from single T-DNA insertion lines in different MIOX-genes a quadruple knockdown (miox1/2/4/5-mutant) was obtained ...
Wakimoto Toshiyuki - - 2011
The tetramic acid (2,4-pyrrolidinedione) scaffold has been recognized as an important structural feature because of its mycotoxic, antibacterial, antiviral, and antioxidant activities. This important class of natural products is reportedly produced by the type-I polyketide synthase/nonribosomal peptide synthetase (PKS/NRPS) hybrid megaenzyme systems. In contrast, the benzalacetone synthase (BAS) from Rheum ...
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