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Results 201 - 250 of 253
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Clarke G A - - 1976
A mycelial suspension of Helminthosporium cynodontis (ATCC24938), grown on glucose-peptone-yeast extract broth and exposed to NaH14CO3 for 5 h, fixed significant quantities of 14C into the following fractions (%): small molecular weight components, 7-4; lipid and lipoproteins, 3-9; nucleic acids, 59; the residual protein and cell wall fragments, 29-2. The ...
Fodor O - - 1976
The protective action of aspartic acid on isolated and perfused rat liver was studied. In case of D-galactosamine intoxication the GOT, GPT and SDH activity and the lactate and pyruvate concentration in the perfusion medium were less augmented and the glycogen level in hepatic tissue was less diminished in animals ...
Tung H T - - 1975
The effects of graded doses of dietary aflatoxin (0, 0.625, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 mug./g.) on hemoglobin, packed blood cell volume, erythrocyte count, leucocyte counts, bone marrow lipid, and bone marrow nucleic acids of chickens were measured. The hemoglobin, packed cell volume, and erythrocyte count were reduced significantly (P ...
Raina A - - 1975
The biochemistry and biological function of the naturally occurring polyamines, putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, have been reviewed with special reference to animal organisms. These compounds are universally distributed in all living material. Their biosynthesis from ornithine and methionine is accurately controlled and may fluctuate according to the metabolic needs of ...
Telhag H - - 1975
The joint cartilage of immature, adult and old rabbits was examined. The joint cartilage in adult and old rabbits contained less nucleic acids than that in young rabbits. The synthesis of DNA decreases with advancing age, while no difference was found in the concentration of nucleic acids between adult and ...
Boeckx R L - - 1975
A single injection of biotin to biotin-deficient rats produces a two-fold increase in the incorporation, both in vivo and in vitro of precursors into nucleic acids as early as 2 h after the biotin treatment. The specific activity of the precursor pool is not affected by biotin. Analysis of the ...
Rittenberg S C - - 1975
During growth of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus on Escherichia coli, there was a marked preferential use of E. coli phosphorus over exogenous orthophosphate even though the latter permeated into the intraperiplasmic space where the bdellovibrio was growing. This preferential use occurred to an equal extent for lipid phosphorus and nucleic acid phosphorus. ...
Clay W F - - 1975
The nucleic acid metabolism in long staple Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) was examined during the first 48 hours of germination at 34 C. Specific activity analysis of pulselabeled nucleic acids indicated that the first significant incorporation of precursors into DNA occurs at approximately 18 hours when the radicles are ...
Just W W - - 1975
Metabolism and autoradiographic distribution of the two isomeric tetrahydrocannabinols, (2,4-14-C)-delta-8-THC and (2,4-14-C)-delta-9-THC, were studied in the marmoset Callithrix jacchus. Of the two cannabinoids, delta-8-THC had a slower initial rate of biotransformation to the psychopharmacologically more potent 11-hydroxylated metabolite. This may explain the minor psychopharmacological activity of the delta-8-isomer. In glandular ...
Krul W R - - 1974
An alternative to the leaf disk system for studies of the metabolism of senescence is described. The progress of senescence of soybean (Glycine max L.) cotyledons is arrested when the epicotyl is removed. Epicotyl removal at 16 or 17 days reversed the decline in nucleic acid, protein, and chlorophyll content ...
Martens C L - - 1974
Wild-type, band, and fluffy strains of Neurospora crassa exhibit circadian rhythms of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid content in the growth-front hyphae of cultures grown on a solid medium. There is also a rhythm of (3)H-uridine incorporation into the nucleic acids of the band strain. Maximum incorporation precedes the peaks ...
Dill B C - - 1972
A study was made of the metabolic processes associated with macroconidial germination in Microsporum gypseum. The optimum conditions for stimulation of endogenous respiration, changes in chemical composition as germination proceeds, and the uptake and synthetic fates of amino acids, glucose, and uracil were investigated. The assimilation and conversion of (14)C-glucose, ...
Watson W E - - 1972
1. The dry mass and nucleic acid content of freshly isolated neuroglial cells and of their nucleoli were measured by interference microscopy and ultraviolet absorption microspectrography. The incorporation of tritiated nucleosides and of an amino acid was followed autoradiographically.2. After hypoglossal axotomy in the adult rat hypertrophy of astrocytes of ...
Dion A S - - 1972
Polyamine depletion produced by exogenous arginine in Escherichia coliK-12 cultures defective in agmatine ureohydrolase activity resulted in a marked inhibition of the rates of growth and nucleic acid synthesis. Addition of putrescine or spermidine to such depleted cultures restored the control rate of growth and nucleic acid accumulation. The omission ...
Krymkiewicz N - - 1971
A lethal product (BPG) produced by a glycerol kinase mutant of Escherichia coli was purified, and its mode of action on E. coli was studied. At concentrations where BPG strongly inhibits in vivo deoxyribonucleic acid, ribonucleic acid, and protein synthesis, it produces small effects on other functions: slight inhibition of ...
Castro A C - - 1971
Yeast as a source of protein for human consumption is limited by its relatively high nucleic acid content. In this study, we developed an enzymatic method of decreasing the nucleic acid content. Candida utilis cells, heat-shocked at 80 C for 30 sec, were treated with bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A. Maximum ...
Melera P W - - 1971
Nucleic acid synthesis in the G(1) cell population of the 1-millimeter apex of the Allium cepa embryo was studied during the initial 73 hours of germination. Quantitative data indicate that the total amount of RNA per cell began to increase after 18 hours of germination while the initial DNA per ...
Chan G Y - - 1970
The effect of azathioprine on macromolecular biosynthesis was studied in mouse spleen cells cultured in vitro. The rate of incorporation of (3)H-thymidine, (3)H-uridine, and (14)C-leucine into acid-insoluble material was used to measure deoxyribonucleic acid, ribonucleic acid, and protein synthesis. Results indicate that azathioprine inhibited nucleic acid and protein synthesis at ...
Ciegler A - - 1970
Of 10 Penicillium species reported to cause blue-eye disease of corn, four (P. martensii, P. palitans, P. cyclopium, P. puberulum) were found capable of producing the mycotoxin penicillic acid on various agricultural commodities. Commodities with high protein contents did not support toxin synthesis. The extent of toxin production varied with ...
Boshes R A - - 1970
Two populations of polyribosomes have been isolated from third instar larvae of D. melanogaster. One population appeared to be soluble while the second seemed membrane-bound. Short-term labeling of the two RNP fractions with radioactive nucleic acid and protein precursors was achieved by using a feeding stimulant. RNA was extracted from ...
Ogutuga D B - - 1970
1. A study of caffeine biosynthesis has been made by following the incorporation of radioactive carbon dioxide and methionine into the methylated purines produced by tea callus tissue. 2. The uptake of the radioactive labels into nucleic acid and caffeine was followed over a period of approximately 9h. 3. The ...
CONSIDINE, J. A.
The speltoid series of mutations provides a genetic tool for investigating the control of flower development. In fertile Gabo wheat and in <it>St</it><inf>2</inf> and <it>St</it><inf>3</inf> basal sterile speltoids, the changes in RNA staining patterns have been followed histochemically as a marker of cellular activity. Sterile floret sites are characterized by ...
Claude, Albert
1. Rat tumor extracts, containing chiefly the cytoplasmic constituents of leukemic cells, were fractionated into three main portions, the different components separating in the centrifuge according to size. 2. Mitochondria were isolated by centrifugation at relatively low speed. Elementary composition of purified mitochondria was found to correspond to about 11.5 ...
Holm R E - - 1970
Soybean seedlings treated with ethylene exhibited small increases in ribonucleic acid content in the elongating section of the hypocotyl. Chromatin isolated from the elongating section of ethylene-treated seedlings showed a 35 to 60% increase in the capacity for RNA synthesis. The ethylene-induced response was saturated at 1 microliter/liter of ethylene ...
Sasaki S - - 1969
Changes in nucleic acid fractions of Pinus resinosa during seed germination were studied. At various stages of seed germination, embryos and megagametophytes were surgically separated and nucleic acids were extracted separately by a phenol-method. Total nucleic acids were fractionated on single-layer methylated albumin kieselguhr (MAK) columns. Total nucleic acids in ...
Lin H S - - 1968
The stability of host nucleic acids in L cells infected with Chlamydia psittaci (strain meningopneumonitis) was studied. The L cells were prelabeled with either (32)P-orthophosphate, (3)H-uridine, or (3)H-thymidine. After infection, the redistribution of each label among the different fractions of host and parasite was quantitatively determined and compared. There were ...
VonAbrams G J - - 1968
The interaction between kinetin and naphthaleneacetic acid in the regulation of senescence of excised tissue of mature broccoli leaves has been used to examine the extent of synchrony between changes in chlorophyll, RNA, and protein. Kinetin increased the net uptake of (14)C-labeled orotic acid and leucine. Naphthaleneacetic acid decreased the ...
Manchester K L - - 1968
1. The effect of unilateral denervation of rat diaphragm muscle on its content of nucleic acids and their incorporation of precursors was investigated. 2. After denervation the paralysed hemidiaphragm hypertrophies and within 3 days its content of RNA increases considerably. The concentration of DNA/unit mass remains fairly constant. 3. During ...
Watson W E - - 1968
1. The nucleic acid content of neuronal nucleoli and the total cell body nucleic acid content of neurones of the hypoglossal nucleus were measured by ultraviolet absorption microspectrography.2. After nerve injury both the nucleolar nucleic acid and the total cell body nucleic acid increased: nucleolar changes preceded those of the ...
Moruzzi G - - 1968
1. An increase in polyamine concentration, caused by inhibiting the amine oxidase activities with iproniazid, increased the incorporation of [(3)H]orotic acid into chick-embryo RNA and DNA. On the other hand, a decrease in polyamine concentration, obtained by causing an increase in amine oxidase activities, decreased [(3)H]orotic acid incorporation into nucleic ...
Suzuki H - - 1967
When cells of Escherichia coli B growing in a glucose-synthetic medium were treated with mitomycin C, the effects produced by the antibiotic varied, depending on the concentration. When the concentration was reduced to less than 0.1 mug/ml, the action of the antibiotic was bacteriostatic; cell elongation resulted, but no effect ...
Hall J R - - 1966
An investigation has been made of the changes in the major phosphorus containing substances in Avena sativa during the first 8 days of dark germination. The endosperm, roots, and shoots were analyzed separately for acid soluble-P, phytic acid-P, inorganic-P, lipid-P, nucleic acid-P, and protein-P. Phytic acid-P comprised 53% of the ...
Landau J V - - 1966
The incorporation of glycine-C(14), leucine-C(14), and adenine-C(14) into the respective protein and nucleic acid fractions of Escherichia coli K-12 is markedly affected by application of moderately high hydrostatic pressure. Presure application may result in either stimulation or inhibition of incorporation depending on the temperature.
Carpenter W J - - 1966
The accumulation of labeled phosphorus into newly synthesized nucleic acids or peanut cotyledon slices incubated with chloramphenicol, puromycin, or 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was reduced. Promotion of nucleic acid synthesis was not noted by any of these chemicals. Chloramphenicol completely inhibited the synthesis of the DNA-RNA fraction at 1.25 x 10(-3)m ...
Di Marco A - - 1965
The effect has been studied of Actinomycin D, Daunomycin (Da.), and Da. N acetyl derivative on mitotic activity and on the nucleic acid synthesis of in vitro HeLa cell cultures. The experiments were carried out by means of the radioautographic technique using stripping films. The relative uptake of thymidine-H(3) and ...
Morrill G A - - 1965
Rana pipiens embryos at the end of the blastula stage were dissociated and the cell suspension was separated into presumptive ectoderm, mesoderm, light endoderm, and heavy endoderm cells by a discontinuous density gradient centrifugation technique. The isolated germ layers were analyzed for total lipid, lipid phosphorus, plasmalogen, RNA, and DNA. ...
FORBES M - - 1965
Forbes, M. (Lederle Laboratories Division, Pearl River, N.Y.), N. A. Kuck, and E. A. Peets. Effect of ethambutol on nucleic acid metabolism in Mycobacterium smegmatis and its reversal by polyamines and divalent cations. J. Bacteriol. 89:1299-1305. 1965.-Mycobacterium smegmatis, harvested from cultures inhibited by ethambutol and then suspended in drug-free medium, ...
HOWELLS D J - - 1965
1. Riboflavine biosynthesis occurs in non-proliferating cultures of a purine-requiring strain of Escherichia coli (ATCC no. 13863). 2. No significant incorporation of radioactivity from [1-(14)C]glycine into either C-4a and C-9a of riboflavine or into nucleic acid purines is detected under the above conditions; appreciable incorporation of label into 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide occurs. ...
BANERJEE A B - - 1964
Banerjee, Arun B. (University of Calcutta, Calcutta, India), and S. K. Bose. Biosynthesis of mycobacillin, a new antifungal peptide. I. Role of nucleic acid. J. Bacteriol. 87:1397-1401. 1964.-The biosynthesis of mycobacillin, a cyclic polypeptide antifungal antibiotic, was studied in relation to the effect of chloramphenicol, 6-azathymine, and 5-bromouracil on the ...
JAMES A W - - 1964
James, A. W. (The Pennsylvania State University, University Park), and L. E. Casida, Jr. Accumulation of phosphorus compounds by Mucor racemosus. J. Bacteriol. 87:150-155. 1964.-In glucose-inorganic salts media containing excess KH(2)PO(4), Mucor racemosus accumulated 5 to 6% phosphorus on a dry-weight basis in its mycelium. Fractionation of phosphorus compounds in ...
HAROLD F M - - 1963
Harold, F. M. (National Jewish Hospital, Denver, Colo.). Accumulation of inorganic polyphosphate in Aerobacter aerogenes. I. Relationship to growth and nucleic acid synthesis. J. Bacteriol. 86:216-221. 1963.-Growing cells of Aerobacter aerogenes contain traces of inorganic polyphosphate, but large amounts often accumulate when growth ceases as the result of a nutritional ...
LEDUC E H - - 1961
Selective extraction of specific cell components by enzyme or acid hydrolysis is possible from ultrathin sections for electron microscopy and parallel 2 micro sections for light microscopy of tissues fixed in formalin and embedded in a water-soluble polyepoxide, product X133/2097. Normal rat tissues fixed 15 minutes in formalin at 3 ...
WOODARD J - - 1961
In order to investigate some of the cytochemical processes involved in interphase growth and culminating in cell division, a combined autoradiographic and microphotometric study of nucleic acids and proteins was undertaken on statistically seriated cells of Vicia faba root meristems. Adenine-8-C(14) and uridine-H(3) were used as ribonucleic acid (RNA) precursors, ...
Strauss N - - 1960
The effect of toxin on the incorporation of uridine and thymidine into nucleic acids was investigated. P(32) orthophosphate incorporation into the nucleoside phosphate fraction was also investigated. No early effect of toxin on nucleic acid synthesis was evident and only a slight effect of toxin on nucleoside phosphate formation was ...
WOODARD J W - - 1958
The rapid growth, large organelles, and synchronous development of T. paludosa pollen grains make them ideal subjects for cytochemical analysis. A microphotometric study of the nucleoli, chromosomes, and cytoplasm fixed at daily intervals during pollen grain maturation indicated that: 1. DNA (Feulgen) synthesis in the generative nucleus occurred during the ...
MAASSAB H F - - 1957
The RNA and DNA contents of the nucleus and cytoplasm of the HeLa cell were determined. The rates of incorporation of P(32) into the various nucleic acid fractions were established for the ordinary HeLa cell maintained under a set of standard conditions. The changes in the rates of incorporation of ...
ROGERS S - - 1957
The process of carcinogenesis following exposure of mice to urethane is demonstrated in the present work to be intimately related to nucleic acid synthesis. Injection of animals with a DNA hydrolysate immediately prior to a single exposure of the animals to urethane markedly reduced the number of pulmonary adenomas initiated. ...
HERSHEY A D - - 1954
In experiments of 6 hours duration, no replacement of phosphorus or purine and pyrimidine carbon in DNA, nor flow of these atoms from RNA to DNA, could be detected in rapidly growing cultures of E. coli. The slow replacement that has been demonstrated for many substances in non-proliferating tissues of ...
HERRIOTT R M - - 1951
Following exposure to dilute aqueous solutions of mustard gas, suspensions of E. coli B do not produce DNA although PNA is formed in nearly normal amounts. When the treated cells are infected with virus T(2), DNA is synthesized and RNA is not. The DNA formation continued after the virus titer ...
BARRON E S G - - 1950
The rate of the aerobic metabolism of pyruvic acid by bakers' yeast cells is determined mainly by the amount of undissociated acid present. As a consequence, the greatest rate of oxidation was observed at pH 2.8. Oxidation, at a slow rate, started at pH 1.08; at pH 9.4 there was ...
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