Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 248
1 2 3 4 5 >
Wang Jun - - 2011
Photodegradation of fleroxacin is investigated in different injections and solutions. After UV irradiation, fleroxacin was degraded to afford two major products in large-volume injection (specification, 200 mg:100 ml), while degraded to afford another major product in small-volume injection (specification, 200 mg:2 ml). The photodegradation products were detected and isolated by ...
Warnan Julien - - 2011
A series of three poly(3-hexylthiophene) functionalized either with a cyanoacetic acid (CA) or a rhodanine-3-acetic acid anchoring groups were synthesized and characterized. The TiO(2) based dye-sensitized solar cells have been fabricated and performances were tested. We show that shorter chain length (15 thiophene units) linked to CA binding group gives ...
Tikekar Rohan V - - 2011
Degradation products of ultraviolet (UV-C, 254 nm) treated ascorbic acid are reported. Analysis by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy (HPLC-MS) demonstrated increased degradation of ascorbic acid above untreated controls as dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) and 2, 3-diketogulonic acid (DKGA) levels increased. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy studies demonstrated that ascorbyl radical ...
Agarwal Tani - - 2011
G-quadruplexes are common structural motifs in aptamers. UNA or unlocked nucleic acid is the latest nucleic acid modification. We have attempted to evaluate the impact of UNA modification on the structure and stability of G-quadruplex oligonucleotides for application in aptamer design. We show using CD spectroscopy that UNA modifications can ...
Bhushan Ravi - - 2011
Enantioseparation of five β-blockers, namely, (R,S)-atenolol, (R,S)-propranolol, (R,S)-bisoprolol, (R,S)-metoprolol and (R,S)-carvedilol, was achieved as their diastereomers prepared with chiral derivatizing reagents (CDRs) synthesized on a cyanuric chloride platform. Fifteen CDRs were synthesized by nucleophilic substitution of the Cl atom in cyanuric chloride or its 6-methoxy derivative with amino acids (namely, ...
Goossens Lieven - - 2011
Metallothioneins (MTs), a low-mass class of metalloproteins, are characterized by a high thiolate sulphur and metal content. MTs are involved in metal homeostasis and heavy metal detoxification, and are efficient scavengers of free radicals. This article describes zinc release from human MT-1 and modification of its amino acid composition when ...
Kim Daeho - - 2011
It was demonstrated that pulsed microwave irradiation is a more effective method to accelerate the esterification of free fatty acid with a heterogeneous catalyst than continuous microwave irradiation. A square-pulsed microwave with a 400Hz repetition rate and a 10-20% duty cycle with the same energy as the continuous microwave were ...
Liang Junfei - - 2011
A sensitive aptasensor for detection of l-histidine based on the switching structure of aptamer and gold nanoparticles-graphene nanosheets (GNPs-GNSs) composite was reported for the first time. The fabricated biosensor shows an expanded linear range, excellent sensitivity and selectivity against other amino acids.
Gopinath Pushparathinam - - 2011
The usefulness of SmCl(3) as an excellent catalyst for chemoselective esterifications and selective removal of acid sensitive protecting groups such as Boc, THP, and TBDMS in the presence of one another is demonstrated through suitable examples.
Veigas Jyothi M JM Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, UTHSCSA, San Antonio, TX 78229, - - 2011
Fish oil has been used to alleviate pain associated with inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. The anti-inflammatory property of fish oil is attributed to the n-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid. Contrarily, vegetable oils such as safflower oil are rich in n-6 fatty acids which are considered ...
Sirri F - - 2011
The characteristics of meat quality, chemical and fatty acid composition, from fast-growing (FG) and medium-growing (MG) meat-type and slow-growing (SG) egg-type chickens reared under organic conditions were compared. Three-hundred and sixty 1-day-old male chicks, equally divided into three experimental groups represented by strains (FG: Cobb 700, MG: Naked neck Kabir ...
Chang Kwang K - - 2011
In this study, we investigated the influence of different laser scanning patterns on the adhesive strength of laser irradiated enamel surfaces both with and without post ablation acid etching. Previous studies of dental enamel surfaces ablated by a rapidly scanned carbon dioxide laser indicated that the highly uniform smooth surfaces ...
Hussein Saba Zuhair - - 2011
Two types of monofloral Malaysian honey (Gelam and Nenas) were analyzed to determine their antioxidant activities and total phenolic and flavonoid contents, with and without gamma irradiation. Our results showed that both types of honey can scavenge free radicals and exhibit high antioxidant-reducing power; however, Gelam honey exhibited higher antioxidant ...
Al-Jalal Nader A - - 2011
Irradiation of 1-substituted benzotriazole arylhydrazones 3a-c, 4a,b and 5a,b with a 16 W low pressure mercury arc-lamp (254 nm) for 24 h gave phenanthridin-6-yl-2-phenyldiazines 9a-c, phenanthridin-6(5H)-ones 10a-c, 1-anilinobenzimidazoles 11a-c, 2-aryl-1H-benzimidazoles 12a-c, 1-arylamino-1H-benzimidazol-2-carboxylic acid ethyl esters 14a,b, 1-aryl-1H, 9H-benzo [4,5][1,2,3] triazolo[1,2-a]tetrazole-3-carboxylic acid ethyl esters 16a,b, 1-arylamino-2-benzoylbenzimidazoles 18a,b and 2-benzoylbenzoxazole 21.
Tchaikovskaya O - - 2011
The degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) in water by the combination process of UV-irradiation, humic acids and activated sludge treatment has been studied. The photoreaction rate of all irradiated samples was lowest for the sample irradiated at 308 nm (the XeCl excilamp) in the absence and in the presence of humic ...
Yoon Jaewon - - 2009
UV-irradiation of aqueous suspensions of amino acid-derived amphiphilic diacetylene supramolecules promotes a process that involves initial formation of species that absorb at 640 nm followed by the generation of polymers that have longer wavelength (686 nm) absorbance. The initially formed intermediate polydiacetylenes display substantial colorimetric reversibility while the long wavelength ...
Younis M E - - 2009
The adverse effects of either NaCl or mannitol on amino acids, protein patterns and nucleic acids in Vicia faba seeds were investigated. The exogenous addition of 4 mM ascorbic acid to the stressing media in which the broad bean seeds were germinated in combination with either the ionic (NaCl) or ...
Pereira R M - - 2008
Cryopreservation of oocytes and embryos is a crucial step for the widespread and conservation of animal genetic resources. However, oocytes and early embryos are very sensitive to chilling and cryopreservation and although new advances have been achieved in the past few years the perfect protocol has not yet been established. ...
Zhang Richard S - - 2008
Structural DNA nanotechnology relies on Watson-Crick base pairing rules to assemble DNA motifs into diverse arrangements of geometric shapes and patterns. While substantial effort has been devoted to expanding the programmability of natural DNA, considerably less attention has been given to the development of nucleic acid structures based on non-natural ...
Loenarz Christoph - - 2008
Beyond established roles in collagen biosynthesis, hypoxic signaling and fatty acid metabolism, recent reports have now revealed roles for human 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases in histone and nucleic acid demethylation and in signaling protein hydroxylation. The emerging role of these oxygenases in enabling a multiplicity of histone modifications has some analogy with ...
Shimada Atsumi - - 2007
A change of flower shape was observed in petunia corollas treated with 0.5 mM glyphosate. Glyphosate changed the flower symmetry from the actinomorphic type to the zygomorphic type. Corollas treated with glyphosate showed an increased free amino acid content. Free amino acid profiles in petunia corollas revealed that glyphosate had ...
Nabb Diane L - - 2007
The detection of perfluorinated organic compounds in the environment has generated interest in their biological fate. 8-2 Fluorotelomer alcohol (8-2 FTOH, C(7)F(15)CF(2)CH(2)CH(2)OH), a raw material used in the manufacture of fluorotelomer-based products, has been identified in the environment and has been implicated as a potential source for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) ...
Weljie Aalim M - - 2007
Rheumatoid arthritis, a debilitating, systemic inflammatory joint disease, is likely accompanied by alterations in circulating metabolites. Here, an 1H NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomics approach was developed to establish a metabolic 'biomarker pattern' in a model of rheumatoid arthritis, the K/BxN transgenic mouse. Sera obtained from arthritic K/BxN mice (N = 15) ...
Alfaia Cristina M M - - 2007
The effect of gamma radiation processing on the lipid content, fatty acid composition and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) profile in frozen lamb meat was investigated. Samples of longissimus thoracis muscle from lambs fed lucerne basal diets either unsupplemented or supplemented with polyunsaturated vegetable oils were irradiated (7kGy) and analysed. CLA ...
Mazurek S S ScheBo Biotech AG, Netanyastrasse 3, 35394 Giessen, Germany. - - 2007
Normal proliferating cells and tumour cells in particular express the pyruvate kinase isoenzyme type M2 (M2-PK, PKM2). The quaternary structure of M2-PK determines whether the glucose carbons are degraded to pyruvate and lactate with production of energy (tetrameric form) or channelled into synthetic processes, debranching from glycolytic intermediates such as ...
Stokes Paula J PJ Department of Biology, University of York, York, - - 2007
Cryopreservation of supernumerary embryos is routinely performed in human-assisted reproduction, providing a source of embryos which can be thawed for use in subsequent treatment cycles. However, the viability of cryopreserved embryos has traditionally relied on morphological assessment, which is a poor predictor of embryo health since freezing leads to a ...
Orii Chika - - 2006
Bordetella sp. strain 10d metabolizes 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid via 2-hydroxymuconic 6-semialdehyde. Cell extracts from 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate-grown cells showed high NAD(+)-dependent 2-hydroxymuconic 6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase, 4-oxalocrotonate decarboxylase, and 2-oxopent-4-enoate hydratase activities, but no 2-hydroxymuconic 6-semialdehyde hydrolase activity. These enzymes involved in 4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate metabolism were purified and characterized. When 2-hydroxymuconic 6-semialdehyde was used ...
Yang Shengchun - - 2006
Gold nanoparticles were synthesized through a continuous UV irradiation method using citric acid as a reducer and protective agent. After a period of continuous UV irradiation, the nanoparticles transformed into two-dimensional (2D) nanonetworks, porous nanoplates and compact nanoplates with hexagonal, triangular or truncated triangular pores through a self-assembly process which ...
Chen Y J - - 2007
Eight Chinese Yellow Cattle semitendinous muscles were irradiated using a (60)Co irradiation source (with the dose of 1.13, 2.09, or 3.17kGy) and stored (0 day or 10 days at 7°C) to estimate fatty acids change of neutral lipid (NL), polar lipid (PL) and total lipid (TL) fractions, and the beef ...
McAleer Mary Frances MF Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107-5541, - - 2006
Flavopiridol, a small molecule pan-cyclin inhibitor, has been shown to enhance the radiation response of tumor cells both in vitro and in vivo. The clinical utility of flavopiridol, however, is limited by toxicity, previously attributed to pleiotropic inhibitory effects on several targets affecting multiple signal transduction pathways. Here we used ...
Bequette B J - - 2006
Genomic investigations in animals have begun to reveal the metabolic and physiological functions of genes and protein products. However, a thorough understanding of the genomic roadmaps will require investigative approaches that yield qualitative and quantitative information on the activities, fluxes, and connectivity of pathways involved in nutrient use in farm ...
Houghton Franchesca D - - 2006
Mammalian pre-implantation development culminates in the formation of the blastocyst consisting of two distinct cell lineages, approximately a third of the cells comprise the pluripotent inner cell mass (ICM) and the remainder the differentiated trophectoderm (TE). However, the contribution made by these two cell types to the overall energy metabolism ...
Zhang Panyue - - 2007
The aim of this work was to study the effect of ultra sound treatment on the solid content of sludge and biological activity, and the increase in the soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), proteins and nucleic acids concentrations during sonication. The results showed that sonication effectively degraded and inactivated the ...
Sammel L M - - 2006
The effects of citric acid (0.15%, 0.3%) and sodium citrate (0.5%, 1.0%) on pink color development in ground turkey following irradiation (0, 2.5, 5.0kGy) were examined. Citric acid and sodium citrate had little effect on pink color when samples were irradiated prior to cooking. In contrast, when samples were cooked ...
Linnebank M - - 2005
Methotrexate (MTX) is a folate antagonist inhibiting nucleic acid and methionine synthesis. Methionine is necessary for CNS myelination. In 42 patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) treated with a systemic and intraventricular high-dose MTX-based polychemotherapy, the presence of a risk haplotype defined by polymorphisms influencing methionine metabolism referred a relative ...
Liu Xue-Ping - - 2004
Brassica napus variety Quantum (yellow flower and low erucic content) as the female parent was crossed with a resynthesized Brassica napus line No. 2127-17 (white flower and high erucic content). The segregation ratios of the flower colour and the erucic acid content were analyzed in the F1, BC1, F2, and ...
Langhansová L - - 2004
Embryogenic culture was initiated from mature zygotic embryos of Panax ginseng. Multiple somatic embryos formed and proliferated on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2.26 microM) and kinetin (0.046 microM). Mature as well as immature somatic embryos grew into plantlets lacking roots on the same media. Histomorphological analysis ...
Casano Caterina - - 2003
In a previous paper we demonstrated that, in Paracentrotus lividus embryos, deciliation represents a specific kind of stress that induces an increase in the levels of an acidic protein of about 40 kD (p40). Here we report that deciliation also induces an increase in Hsp40 chaperone levels and enhancement of ...
Nimmo H G - - 2003
Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plants exhibit persistent circadian rhythms of CO(2) metabolism. These rhythms are driven by changes in the flux through phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, which is regulated by reversible phosphorylation in response to a circadian oscillator. This article reviews progress in our understanding of the circadian expression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase ...
Du M - - 2003
Dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) treatment reduced color a*- and b*-values of cooked chicken breast rolls. Sensory panels rated the color of cooked chicken rolls with CLA treatments darker than the control. The production of carbon monoxide (CO) in cooked chicken rolls increased dramatically after irradiation and was correlated with ...
Kim Y H - - 2002
Irradiated meats produced more volatiles and higher 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) than nonirradiated regardless of animal species. Irradiation not only produced many new volatiles not found in nonirradiated meats but also increased the amounts of some volatiles found in nonirradiated meats. The amounts of volatiles in aerobically packaged irradiated ...
Du M - - 2002
Skinless breast fillets were harvested from broilers fed with 0, 0.25, 0.5, or 1.0% conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) for 3 weeks. Fillets were either vacuum or aerobically packaged, then irradiated at 0 or 3.0 kGy using a Linear Accelerator. Breast fillets were analyzed for thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), volatile ...
Schmitz Nancy - - 2002
Yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis [D. Don] Spach) seeds exhibit prolonged coat-imposed dormancy following their dispersal from the parent plant. Analyses were undertaken using S-(+)-[(3)H] abscisic acid (ABA) to monitor the capacity of embryos to metabolize ABA following their isolation from seeds subjected to various dormancy-breaking and control treatments. Radiolabelled phaseic acid ...
Boros L G - - 2001
The organophosphate pesticide, isofenphos, is associated with human myeloid leukemia. In this study we describe metabolic changes in K562 myeloid blast cells from exposure to varying concentrations of isofenphos using the stable [1,2-13C(2)]glucose isotope as the single tracer and biological mass spectrometry. Isofenphos (1, 10, 100 microg/ml/72 h) treated K562 ...
Bhide M R - - 2001
Effect of acid presensitization to low dose gamma irradiation on Bacillus cereus in sheep/goat meat stored at refrigeration temperature was assessed. Food grade organic acids (viz. propionic, lactic and acetic acids) were used as presensitizers followed by treatment with 1, 2 and 3 kGy irradiation doses (Co(60)). Two percent acetic ...
Boros L G - - 2001
Genistein is a plant isoflavonoid bearing potent tumor growth-regulating characteristics. This effect of genistein has been attributed partially to its tyrosine kinase-regulating properties, resulting in cell-cycle arrest and limited angiogenesis. Genistein has been used in chemotherapy-resistant cases of advanced leukemia with promising results. Here we demonstrate that genistein primarily affects ...
Arivazhagan P - - 2000
We have attempted to evaluate the effect of DL-alpha-lipoic acid on nucleic acid and protein contents in young and aged rats. An age-associated decrease in the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA) and protein contents were observed in aged rats. DL-alpha-lipoic acid was administered intraperitoneally (100 mg/kg body weight/day) to ...
Schmitz N - - 2000
Yellow cedar seeds are dormant at maturity. The abscisic acid (ABA) content of the embryo (but not the megagametophyte) decreased approximately 2-fold following exposure of seeds to a dormancy-breaking treatment; this process was also accompanied by a 10-fold lowered sensitivity of the embryo to S:-(+)-ABA. A decline in ABA within ...
Kuroda A - - 2000
The dynamic behavior of inorganic polyphosphate (polyP), its accumulation and disappearance, is the most striking aspect of polyP metabolism in bacteria. Imbalance between polyP synthesis and degradation results in fluctuations of polyP by 100- to 1000-fold. We here review recent results with respect to this polyP metabolism in bacteria. PolyP ...
Boros L G - - 2000
The invasive transformation of A-459 lung epithelial carcinoma cells has been linked to the autocrine regulation of malignant phenotypic changes by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta). Here we demonstrate, using stable 13C glucose isotopes, that the transformed phenotype is characterized by decreased CO2 production via direct glucose oxidation but increased ...
1 2 3 4 5 >