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Cardoso C R - - 2011
Injury triggers inflammatory responses and tissue repair. Several treatments are currently in use to accelerate healing; however, more efficient formulations are still needed for specific injuries. Since unsaturated fatty acids modulate immune responses, we aimed to evaluate their therapeutic effects on wound healing. Skin wounds were induced in BALB/c mice ...
Kaur Gunveen - - 2011
This article summarizes the current knowledge available on metabolism and the biological effects of n-3 docosapentaenoic acid (DPA). n-3 DPA has not been extensively studied because of the limited availability of the pure compound. n-3 DPA is an elongated metabolite of EPA and is an intermediary product between EPA and ...
Shen Li Rong - - 2010
Drosophila melanogaster has been considered a model organism for investigating human diseases and genetic pathways. Whether Drosophila is an ideal model for nutrigenomics, especially for FA metabolism, however, remains to be illustrated. The aim of this study was to examine the metabolism of C20 and C22 PUFAs in Drosophila. Analysis ...
McNamara Robert K RK Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA. - - 2010
Omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and fluoxetine (FLX) have additive effects in the treatment of major depressive disorder, and FLX up-regulates genes that regulate fatty acid biosynthesis in vitro. Although these data suggest that FLX may augment n-3 fatty acid biosynthesis, the in vivo effects of FLX treatment on ...
Kitz Richard - - 2010
RATIO: Asthma is a major public health problem, with bronchial inflammation as the therapeutic target. The role of dietary fish oil derived polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in allergic inflammation is controversial. Most asthmatics suffer from mild disease and non-pharmacologic interventions are attractive. This study investigates the anti-inflammatory potential of nutritional ...
Lorenzo José M - - 2010
The effects of sex, slaughtered age (9 vs. 12 months) and livestock production system (freedom extensive system vs. semi extensive system) of "Galician Mountain" foals breed on the fatty acid composition were studied. The sex and slaughtered age of the animals had no statistical significance in the intramuscular fatty acids. ...
Svensson My - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have a very high mortality mainly caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD). It has been suggested that plasma concentrations of asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, are markedly elevated in patients with ESRD. Elevation of ADMA is linked to CVD ...
Arts Michael T - - 2010
The effect of UV radiation (UVR) on juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) was assessed by measuring the fatty acid (FA) profiles of muscle, dorsal and ventral skin, and ocular tissues following 4-month long exposures to four different UVR treatments in outdoor rearing tanks. Fish were fed two different diets (Anchovy- ...
Taha Ameer Y - - 2010
Omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are dietary fatty acids that are involved in a myriad of physiologic processes in the brain. There is some evidence suggesting that PUFAs-and particularly omega-3 PUFAs-may have anticonvulsant effects, both in humans and in animals. In the present review, we assess the evidence ...
Friedman Allon N - - 2010
Long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 PUFA), which are obtained primarily from dietary sources such as coldwater fish, have diverse and potent mediating effects on the immune, inflammatory, and metabolic pathways, signal transduction, and cell membrane physiology. N-3 PUFA are increasingly being studied for their clinical benefits in a variety ...
Mathias Rasika A - - 2010
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) orchestrate immunity and inflammation through their capacity to be converted to potent inflammatory mediators. We assessed associations of FADS gene cluster polymorphisms and fasting serum PUFA concentrations in a fully ascertained, geographically isolated founder population of European descent. Concentrations of 22 PUFAs were determined by ...
Herdmann A - - 2010
This study investigated the effect of n-6 (control group) and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supply (treatment group unrestricted) and a short-time feed restriction for n-3 PUFA supply (treatment group restricted) on intramuscular fat content and the total fatty acid composition in different tissues (muscle, subcutaneous fat, liver, serum and ...
Hayat Z - - 2010
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary antioxidants and storage on fatty acid profile, oxidative stability, and vitamin E concentration of n-3 fatty acid-enriched eggs. Eggs (384, 48/diet) were collected from ISA Brown layers fed diets containing corn-soy (control) with 100 g/kg of flax seed and 2 ...
Morelli Vincent - - 2010
The exact pathophysiology and curative treatment of many common dermatologic conditions remain unclear. Often conventional treatments are only partially effective, leading patients to look for alternative treatments. Rosacea may be helped by azelaic acid. Seborrheic dermatitis may be helped by tea tree oil. Chronic urticaria may be helped by a ...
Lucas Michel M Axe Santé des populations et environnement, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université Laval (CHUL-CHUQ), Ste-Foy (QC) G1V 2M2, Canada. - - 2010
A decrease in omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and an increase in omega-6 (n-6) linoleic acid in the diet have been suggested as contributing factors in the pathogenesis of depression. The present study examined the relationship between red blood cell (RBC) n-3 and n-6 and serious psychological distress ...
Yazawa Hisashi - - 2010
Since Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains Delta9 fatty acid desaturase (OLE1) as a sole fatty acid desaturase, it produces saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids of 16- and 18-carbon compounds. We showed earlier that Kluyveromyces lactis Delta12 (KlFAD2) and omega3 (KlFAD3) fatty acid desaturase genes enabled S. cerevisiae to make also polyunsaturated fatty ...
Bispo Esperanza - - 2010
The effect of weaning at different ages (NW=not weaned, W5=5.5 months and W2=2 months) on fatty acids (FA) of the Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle was studied in 36 Galician Blond (GB) calves. Total FA (TFA) were determined by gas chromatography (GC) and 18:1 isomers by a combination of reversed-phase high ...
Schumann Julia - - 2010
Using a luciferase reporter gene assay, we identified polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to impair NF kappaB signaling. Furthermore, we could demonstrate the PUFA ability to derogate NF kappaB activity to be independent from the family the fatty acid belongs to. Instead, we found a relation between the number of bis-allyl-methylene ...
Cawood Abbie L - - 2010
To examine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) incorporation into atherosclerotic plaques and the association with plaque inflammation and stability. Patients awaiting carotid endarterectomy (n=121) were randomised to consume control capsules or n-3 PUFA ethyl ester capsules until surgery (median 21 days). The fatty acid compositions of plasma and carotid plaque ...
Mushi D E - - 2010
Effects of supplementing Small East African (SEA) goats with concentrate diets on fatty acids composition of minced meat, M. longissimus dorsi (LD) and omental fat were assessed using 23 animals (14.5 months old and 20.1 kg body weight). Goats were subjected to four levels of concentrate supplementation: ad libitum concentrate ...
Sofi Francesco - - 2010
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a worldwide diffuse condition due to alimentary, environment and genetic factors. The aim of our preliminary study was to evaluate the effectiveness of long-term consumption of food enriched with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in patients with NAFLD. Eleven patients were enrolled; six (four ...
Wall Rebecca - - 2010
Omega-6 (n-6) and omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are precursors of potent lipid mediators, termed eicosanoids, which play an important role in the regulation of inflammation. Eicosanoids derived from n-6 PUFAs (e.g., arachidonic acid) have proinflammatory and immunoactive functions, whereas eicosanoids derived from n-3 PUFAs [e.g., eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) ...
Manerba Alessandra - - 2010
Today, there are several observational and experimental studies, especially clinical randomized trials, that have proven the beneficial effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). The most compelling evidence for the cardiovascular benefits of n-3 PUFAs comes from studies of primary prevention in patients following myocardial infarction, and most recently, in ...
Keen Christina - - 2010
To obtain a balance in the fatty acid (FA) metabolism is important for the inflammatory response and of special importance in cystic fibrosis (CF), which is characterized by impaired FA metabolism, chronic inflammation, and infection in the airways. Nitric oxide (NO) has antimicrobial properties and low nasal (nNO) and exhaled ...
Omar Souheil - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Growing interest is accorded to polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) omega3, which are considered beneficial for health. AIM: to investigate the effect of sports on plasma lipids and fatty acids (FAs), especially omega6 and omega3 PUFAs and the omega6/omega3 ratio. METHODS: The study included 75 Tunisian male elite athletes, practicing ...
Transler Catherine - - 2010
To review the impact of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in reducing ADHD symptoms in children. Peer-reviewed experimental literature published from 1980 to Mai 2009 is consulted (Psychinfo, Medline, and resulting reference lists). Placebo-controlled studies with ADHD or hyperactive children show no effects on behaviors or cognition when only n-6 (omega-6) ...
Arts Michael T - - 2010
Abstract The effect of UV radiation (UVR) on juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) was assessed by measuring the fatty acid (FA) profiles of muscle, dorsal and ventral skin, and ocular tissues following 4-month long exposures to four different UVR treatments in outdoor rearing tanks. Fish were fed two different diets ...
Brush Richard S - - 2010
Recent evidence suggests that ceramide metabolism plays an important role in retinal photoreceptor cell survival and apoptosis. The purpose of this study was to characterize sphingolipids in the retina with special emphasis on the very-long-chain-containing saturated (VLC-FA) and polyunsaturated (VLC-PUFA) fatty acid-containing species. The VLC-FAs and VLC-PUFAs are synthesized by ...
Adkins Yuriko - - 2010
Typical omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) are docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in the form of fish oils and alpha linolenic acid from flaxseed oil. Epidemiological studies suggested the benefits of n-3 PUFA on cardiovascular health. Intervention studies confirmed that the consumption of n-3 PUFA provided benefits for ...
McIntosh Avery L AL Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, TexasA&MUniversity, Texas Veterinary Medical Center, College Station, Texas 77843-4466, - - 2010
Despite the considerable beneficial effects of n-3 and n-6 very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLC-PUFAs), very little is known about the factors that regulate their uptake and intracellular distribution in living cells. This issue was addressed in cells expressing liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) by real time multiphoton laser ...
Matsumoto Toshihiko T Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Minami Kogushi 1-1-1, Ube, Yamaguchi, - - 2010
The global incidence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is increasing and current mammalian models of NASH are imperfect. We have developed a NASH model in the ricefish medaka (Oryzias latipes), which is based on feeding the fish a high-fat diet (HFD). Medaka that are fed a HFD (HFD-medaka) exhibited hyperlipidemia and ...
Vicente-Neto João - - 2010
Chemical composition and fatty acid profiles were determined in Caiman yacare meat originating from the neck and tail cuts of animals raised in the wild (n=6) or in captivity (n=6), slaughtered at a live weight of approximately 6 kg. All experimental methods were approved by the appropriate environmental protection agencies. ...
Erickson Kent L - - 2010
Studies with animal models in vivo as well as with animal and human tumor cells in vitro suggest that specific fatty acids could reduce breast tumorigenesis. The most striking dietary fatty acid studies in animal models that show promise for reduction of breast cancer risk in humans are with conjugated ...
Fakhrzadeh Hossein - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: N-3 fatty acids have several beneficial effects on dyslipidemia and diabetes, conditions which are prevalent in the elderly. This study assessed the effects of low-dose n-3 fatty acids on serum lipid profile, lipoprotein(a), apolipoprotein B, fasting glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance in a group of elderly Iranians. MATERIALS AND ...
Rudkowska Iwona - - 2010
Omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) may accelerate plasma triglyceride (TG) clearance by altering lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity. Yet, the ability of n-3 FAs to increase LPL activity is dependent on transcription factors such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha). The objective was to examine the effects of n-3 FAs on LPL ...
Madsen Trine - - 2010
AIMS: Marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may have antiarrhythmic effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of intravenously administered n-3 PUFA on the inducibility of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over study, ...
Long Eric K - - 2010
Lipid peroxidation yields multiple aldehyde species. Of these, trans-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), derived from n-6 poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is one of the most studied products of lipid peroxidation. On the other hand, oxidative damage to n-3 PUFA, e.g. docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6, n-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid, is now recognized as an ...
Agbaga Martin-Paul MP Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, - - 2010
Compared with other mammalian tissues, retina is highly enriched in PUFA. Long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA; C18-C24) are essential FAs that are enriched in the retina and are necessary for maintenance of normal retinal development and function. The retina, brain, and sperm also contain very LC-PUFA (VLC-PUFA; >C24). Although VLC-PUFA were discovered ...
Watari Michiko - - 2010
Many reports suggest that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) influence the symptoms of psychiatric disorders. Moreover, it has also been reported that n-3 PUFAs control aggression and hostility. Acute symptoms of schizophrenia such as aggression can be a formidable clinical problem resulting in hospitalization. However, few investigations have determined the ...
Layé Sophie - - 2010
The innate immune system of the brain is principally composed of microglial cells and astrocytes, which, once activated, protect neurons against insults (infectious agents, lesions, etc.). Activated glial cells produce inflammatory cytokines that act specifically through receptors expressed by the brain. The functional consequences of brain cytokine action (also called ...
Levy Bruce D BD Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
Dietary ingestion of fish is associated with a reduced risk for many common human illnesses. Fish oils are enriched with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. Resolvins and protectins are newly discovered mediators that are enzymatically generated from these n-3 fatty acid precursors to orchestrate inflammation resolution. ...
Horikawa Makoto - - 2010
The development of the dauer form of Caenorhabditis elegans daf-2(e1370) enhances the expression of genes such as fatty acid desaturase fat-6 and fat-7 and fatty acid elongase elo-2, and increases the level of triglyceride (TAG). RNA interference (RNAi) of the fat-6, fat-7, and elo-2 genes lowers fat accumulation in the ...
Byeon Suk Ho - - 2010
Three eyes of 2 patients with diabetic macular edema underwent a vitrectomy to remove subfoveal hard exudates. Fatty acid compositions of hard exudates and plasma phospholipids (PL) as an objective estimation of dietary intake were analyzed. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) were relatively consistent in hard exudates and PL, but were ...
Sudheendran S - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerosis and unstable plaques are underlying causes for cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular disease is associated with consumption of diets high in saturated fats. In contrast there is increasing evidence that higher intakes of dietary n-3 fatty acids decrease risk for cardiovascular disease. ...
Hurst S - - 2010
Musculoskeletal complaints are the second most frequent reason for medical treatments. Within these diseases rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and, especially, osteoarthritis (OA) are common. Although the causes of arthritis are multifactorial and not fully understood, clinical trials have generally shown benefit from dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. This has usually been ...
Pestka James J JJ Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. - - 2010
Consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) found in fish oil suppresses inflammatory processes making these fatty acids attractive candidates for both the prevention and amelioration of several organ-specific and systemic autoimmune diseases. Both pre-clinical and clinical studies have been conducted to determine whether fish oils containing the n-3 PUFAs ...
Le Guennec J-Y - - 2010
It has been known since the 1970s that an increased consumption of n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid has cardioprotective effects. Epidemiological studies have reported that this effect is due to the prevention of the arrhythmias responsible for sudden cardiac death. Mechanistically, different ...
Kouba Maryline - - 2011
The fatty acid composition of animal products (eggs, milk and meat) is the reflect of both the tissue fatty acid biosynthesis and the fatty acid composition of ingested lipids. This relationship is stronger in monogastrics (pigs, poultry and rabbits) than in ruminants, where dietary fatty acids are hydrogenated in the ...
Kim Wooki W Program in Integrative Nutrition & Complex Diseases, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, - - 2010
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are widely used for chemotheraphy/chemoprevention of chronic diseases. However, the molecular mechanism(s) by which the bioactive n-3 PUFA (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) modulate effector pathways are not fully elucidated. Multiple experimental approaches, including use of animal models, cell lines, and human clinical trials, have ...
Viviani Anselmi Chiara - - 2010
PURPOSE: Several epidemiological published data support the protective role of omega-3 consumption in coronary artery disease, sudden cardiac death and ventricular arrhythmias, but interestingly, this is not the case for atrial arrhythmias. The purpose of this study is to evaluate different fatty acid profile between AF/AFL subjects and healthy controls. ...
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