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Results 451 - 500 of 2186
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Järvenpää S - - 2007
Our aim was to develop a prototype of a functional spread cheese containing both a specific probiotic and n-3 fatty acids and to analyze the viability of the probiotic and stability of n-3 fatty acids during 4 wk of shelf life. Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 (Lf ME-3) isolated from a healthy ...
Burdge G C - - 2007
Previous studies suggest that consuming meals containing large amounts of fish oil is associated with selective postprandial incorporation of 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3 into plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA). We investigated the effect of consuming meals containing different amounts of 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3 comparable to dietary habits of western populations on ...
Chavarro Jorge E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Animal models suggest that n-3 fatty acids inhibit prostate cancer proliferation, whereas n-6 fatty acids promote it, but epidemiologic studies do not uniformly support these findings. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted among 14,916 apparently healthy men who provided blood samples in 1982. Blood fatty acid levels were ...
Saito Hiroaki - - 2007
Novel fatty acids originated from the cold-seep clam Calyptogena phaseoliformis, collected from hydrothermal vents in the Japan Trench at a depth of 6354-6367 m, were determined by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of the 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives. The major fatty acids present in the C. phaseoliformis lipids belong to the n-4 ...
Kim Soo Yeon - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption has the potential to affect dietary intakes of nutrients; however, little is known about fatty acid intakes among alcohol consumers in the U.S. population. METHOD: We examined the relation between self-reported alcohol consumption and dietary fatty acid intake in 4,168 adults in the cross-sectional National Health and ...
Liu Yiliang E - - 2007
The protective effect of early pregnancy against breast cancer can be attributed to the transition from undifferentiated cells in the nulliparous to the differentiated mature cells during pregnancy. Considerable evidence suggests strongly that the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content of adipose breast tissue is inversely associated with an increased ...
Jackson K G - - 2007
With increasing recognition of the pivotal role of vascular dysfunction in the progression of atherosclerosis, the vasculature has emerged as an important target for dietary therapies. Recent studies have indicated that chronic fatty acid manipulation alters vascular reactivity, when measured after an overnight fast. However, individuals spend a large proportion ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: It remains uncertain whether intake of fish or n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is preventive against allergic disorders. This cross-sectional study investigated the association of intake of selected high-fat foods and specific types of fatty acids with the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in Japan where intake of fish is high. ...
Mhamdi Baya - - 2007
Borago officinalis rosette leaves were sampled in the region of Amdoun (Tunisia) during different stages of their development. Essential oil contents varied from 0.01% to 0.13% respectively in young and adult leaves. Twenty three volatile compounds were identified. Hydrocarbons, mainly represented by nonadecane (29.8%), tetracosane (11.3%) and heptacosane (4.7%), constituted ...
Wu Yumei - - 2007
Neuronal apoptosis is involved in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson.s disease. An efficient means of preventing it remains to be found. Some n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22 : 6n-3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20 : 5n-3) have been reported to be ...
Oken Emily E Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2007
We sought to examine associations of first-trimester intake of calcium, n-3 and n-6 fatty acids, trans fatty acids, magnesium, folate, and vitamins C, D, and E with preeclampsia (PE) and gestational hypertension (GH). We studied associations of diet with PE or GH among 1718 women in the prospective cohort study ...
Harris William S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissue proportions of long chain n-6 [especially arachidonic acid (AA)] and n-3 fatty acids [FA; eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) acids], or some ratio of these may be markers of risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the published associations ...
Beblo Skadi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) on motor skills in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-six patients with PKU (1-11 years of age, good metabolic control: plasma phenylalanine < or = 360 micromol/L for > or = 6 months). We determined plasma phospholipid fatty ...
Yoneyama Satoko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inflammation has been established as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The relationships of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and monounsaturated fatty acids to inflammation are still controversial in Western populations. The relationships are not clear in Japanese whose intake of seafood-based long-chain n-3 PUFAs is high. METHODS: We conducted ...
Cherian G - - 2007
In the United States, supplemental dietary lipid is typically provided as an animal-vegetable blend using animal tallow or hydrogenated oils from the food industry. Lipids from these sources are rich in saturated, trans, n-6 fatty acids and poor in n-3 fatty acids. Linoleic (18:2 n-6) and alpha-linolenic (18:3 n-3) acids ...
Tanaka Tamotsu - - 2007
Sciadonic acid (20:3 Delta-5,11,14) and juniperonic acid (20:4 Delta-5,11,14,17) are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that lack the Delta-8 double bond of arachidonic acid (20:4 Delta-5,8,11,14) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 Delta-5,8,11,14,17), respectively. Here, we demonstrate that these conifer oil-derived PUFAs are metabolized to essential fatty acids in animal cells. When Swiss ...
Ho Sze-Yuen - - 2007
Twenty-five isolates of Mortierella spcies were prepared, which can be used for the production of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)-rich oil for nutritional supplements. The fatty acid contents were determined after heterotrophic fermentation. The content of total fatty acids (TFAs) in the cell dry weight of all isolates including two commercially ...
Wathes D Claire - - 2007
In Westernized societies, average consumption of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) far exceeds nutritional requirements. The ratio of n-6 to n-3 PUFAs is generally >10:1 whereas on a primitive human diet it was closer to 1:1. Diets fed to intensively farmed livestock have followed a similar trend. Both n-6 and ...
Orton H D HD Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, - - 2008
We conducted a dietary validation study in youth aged 1-11 years by comparing dietary intake of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as assessed by a parent-completed semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) over time to erythrocyte membrane composition of the same fatty acids. The study population included youth aged ...
Treschow A P - - 2007
The present study has identified in the marine mollusc, Perna canaliculus, an homologous series of novel omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA) with significant anti-inflammatory (AI) activity. The free fatty acid (FFA) class was isolated from a supercritical-CO2 lipid extract of the tartaric acid-stabilised freeze-dried mussel powder by normal ...
Kebir Mohamed Vall Ould El - - 2007
Scientific investigation of lipids in Elasmobranchs has been conducted mainly on shark species. Because rays seem to be neglected, this study was performed to examine the complete fatty acid (FA) composition with a particular interest for long-chain polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) content in different tissues of three ray species including parts ...
Rezanka Tomás - - 2008
The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was used to identify unusual medium-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in the snow alga Chloromonas brevispina collected in 2006 from surface layers of a snow field with conspicuous green patches in Bohemian Forest (Czech Republic). PUFAs formed more than 75% total fatty acids. Among ...
Beydoun May A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Plasma fatty acids may affect the risk of cognitive decline in older adults. OBJECTIVES: We prospectively studied the association between plasma fatty acids and cognitive decline in adults aged 50-65 y at baseline and conducted a subgroup analysis. DESIGN: From 1987 through 1989, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) ...
Audi Nama'a - - 2007
Dietary fat type influences fatty acids in rat pancreatic membranes, in association with modulation of secretory activity and cell signalling in viable acini. We aimed to confirm whether AR42J cells are a valid model to study the interactions between lipids and pancreatic acinar cell function. For this purpose we have ...
Hwang Inkyung - - 2007
Atopy is a growing problem for Korean children. Since eicosapentaenoic acid is a precursor of less active inflammatory eicosanoids, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may have a protective effect on atopy. This study was undertaken to determine whether n-3 PUFA in red blood cells (RBC) is lower in atopic than ...
Chêne Gérald - - 2007
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) n-3 inhibit inflammation, in vivo and in vitro in keratinocytes. We examined in HaCaT keratinocyte cell line whether eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) a n-3 PUFA, gamma-linoleic acid (GLA) a n-6 PUFA, and arachidic acid a saturated fatty acid, modulate expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an enzyme pivotal to ...
Giovannini M - - 2007
PKU subjects need special attention in the definition of optimal supplementation of nutrients, which may be insufficient in relation to the type of diet and may otherwise manifest symptoms of deficit. In particular, it is necessary to pay great attention to the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) levels in relation ...
Figler Mária - - 2007
In order to establish the biochemical basis for dietary interventions, we investigated the fatty acid composition of plasma lipid classes in patients with inactive inflammatory bowel disease. In this cross-sectional study thirty patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), twenty-one with Crohn disease (CD) and twenty-four controls were investigated (mean age: UC, ...
Gaquerel Emmanuel - - 2007
Signaling cascades involving oxygenated derivatives (oxylipins) of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are known to operate in response to external stimuli. The marine red alga Chondrus crispus uses both oxygenated derivatives of C18 (octadecanoids) and C20 (eicosanoids) PUFAs as developmental or defense hormones. The present study demonstrates that methyljasmonate (MeJA) triggers ...
McNaughton S A - - 2007
Due to the growing knowledge about the role of specific fatty acids in health and disease, dietary intake measurements of individual fatty acids or classes of fatty acids are becoming increasingly important. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of the Nambour FFQ to estimate intakes of ...
Moghaddami Nahid - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Neutrophils and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) play important roles in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Modulation of TNF receptors (TNFRs) may contribute to the regulation of tissue damage, and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as arachidonic acid (AA) can increase the expression of TNFRI and TNFRII on ...
Egashira Yukari - - 2007
During tryptophan-niacin conversion, hepatic alpha-amino-beta-carboxymuconate-epsilon-semialdehyde decarboxylase (ACMSD) [EC4.1.1.45] plays a key role in regulating NAD biosynthesis. ACMSD activity is greatly affected by many factors such as nutritional status and disease. The tryptophan catabolite quinolinic acid has been reported to be associated with the pathogenesis of various disorders and is a ...
Decsi T - - 2007
Hypoinsulinemia characteristic to type 1 diabetes may theoretically inhibit the conversion of essential fatty acids to their longer-chain metabolites. Fatty acids were determined in plasma and erythrocyte membrane lipids in young diabetic adults (n=34) and in age-matched healthy controls (n=36). Values of linoleic acid (56.01 [5.02] versus 51.05 [7.32], % ...
Maazouzi Chafik - - 2007
Fatty acid (FA) compositions were determined for the invader amphipod Dikerogammarus villosus collected from July to September 2002, in an overheated, high-conductivity dammed reservoir in north-eastern France. Predominant fatty acids were the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA): eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), linoleic acid (LA), arachidonic acid (ARA), linolenic acid (LNA) together with ...
Zhao Ling - - 2007
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing proteins (Nods) are intracellular pattern recognition receptors recognizing conserved moieties of bacterial peptidoglycan through their leucine-rich repeats domain. The agonists for Nods activate proinflammatory signaling pathways, including NF-kappaB pathways. The results from our previous studies showed that the activation of TLR4 and TLR2, leucine-rich repeat-containing pattern recognition ...
Meier Sonnich - - 2007
Offshore oil production releases large amounts of lipophilic compounds in produced water into the ocean. In 2004, 143 million m(3) produced water, containing approximately 13 tons of long-chain (>C(4)) alkylphenols (AP), was discharged from installations in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea. Long-chain APs are known to cause endocrine ...
Albert Christine M - - 2007
Based upon the data from observational epidemiologic studies and randomized clinical trials that are summarized in this article, as well as plausible mechanisms for benefit, the American Heart Association and several international health agencies recommend that all adults eat fish, particularly fatty fish, at least two times per week to ...
Shimizu Toshiaki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies have specifically examined the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on intestinal water and ion secretion in ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of prostaglandins (PGs) and leukotrienes (LTs) to mucosal secretion in intestines with UC and to evaluate ...
Gilman Jennifer - - 2007
Marine oil-derived n-3 fatty acids have been shown to stimulate intestinal Ca absorption in animal studies, but the effects of such fatty acids on Ca absorption in human subjects are relatively unknown. In particular, n-3 fatty acids may be of therapeutic value for some Crohn's disease patients who experience Ca ...
Hall Megan N MN Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2007
N-3 fatty acids may decrease risk of colorectal cancer by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme and production of proinflammatory eicosanoids derived from arachidonic acid (20:4n-6). Aspirin also inhibits the cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme and may share with n-3 fatty acids a potential mechanism to decrease the risk of colorectal cancer. We conducted a ...
Cristea Mirela - - 2007
Abstract manganese lipoxygenase (Mn-LO) oxygenates 18:3n-3 and 18:2n-6 to bis-allylic 11S-hydroperoxy fatty acids, which are converted to 13R-hydroperoxy fatty acids. Other unsaturated C(16)-C(22) fatty acids, except 17:3n-3, are poor substrates, possibly because of ineffective enzyme activation (Mn(II)-->Mn(III)) by the produced hydroperoxides. Our aim was to determine whether unsaturated C(16)-C(22) fatty ...
Francis David S - - 2007
The aim of the present investigation was to quantify the fate of C18 and long chain polyunsaturated dietary fatty acids in the freshwater fish, Murray cod, using the in vivo, whole-body fatty acid balance method. Juvenile Murray cod were fed one of five iso-nitrogenous, iso-energetic, semipurified experimental diets in which ...
Aurousseau, B.
Forty male Ile-de-France lambs (10 blocks of 4 homologous lambs) were used to study the effects of four feeding systems on muscle fatty acids (FA): raising and finishing on cool-season grasses (G), raising on the same grasses and stall-finishing, indoors, on concentrates and hay, respectively, for 22 (GSS) or 41 ...
Su Xiao Q - - 2007
A total of twenty-three Australian Bass Strait scallops, Pecten fumatus processed by three different cooking methods: steam, battered and deep-fry, and pan-fry were analysed to determine the total lipid and health-benefiting n-3 PUFA contents. Fry process resulted in a significantly higher lipid content (p<0.05) with 1.98g/100g being found in deep-fried ...
Murano Yoshihiro - - 2007
It is well known that the consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) decreases the plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) level. The technology of elevating the content of n-3 PUFAs in pig meat has already reached a practical level. In this study, the effects of dietary lard containing higher alpha-linolenic acid (LNA) ...
Chapkin Robert S - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To outline recent findings on the efficacy of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the prevention/treatment of inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Compelling data indicate a functional link between chronic inflammation and colon cancer. With respect to environmental risk factors, there is growing evidence that ...
Lombardi Federico - - 2007
Omega-3 fatty acids (Poly-Unsaturated Fatty Acids or PUFA n-3) have been initially found to reduce plasma levels of triglycerides and to increase levels of high-density lipoprotein in patients with marked hypertriglyceridemia. However, in both bench research studies and clinical trials, omega-3 fatty acid intake has recently been associated with an ...
Stark Ken D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3, DHA) and n-6 docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-6, DPAn-6) are highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA, > or = 20 carbons, > or = 3 double bonds) that differ by a single carbon-carbon double bond at the Delta19 position. Membrane 22:6n-3 may support skeletal muscle function through optimal ion ...
Moussavi A R Heravi - - 2007
The study was designed to test the effects of dietary supplementation with fish meal or specific n-3 fatty acids on ovarian activity and uterine responses in early lactating cows. From 5 to 50 d in milk (DIM), cows were fed diets that were isonitrogenous, isoenergetic, and isolipidic containing none (control), ...
Rasic-Milutinovic Z - - 2007
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: It was suggested that polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) could improve insulin sensitivity and have an anti-inflammatory effects in overall population. This study investigates a possible effect of n-3 PUFAs supplementation on the insulin sensitivity and some inflammatory markers; hence, patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) on maintenance ...
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