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Results 301 - 350 of 1839
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Roy Karine - - 2008
Lactic acid bacteria are used on an industrial scale for the manufacturing of dairy products. It is now intended to develop novel applications of lactic acid bacteria that could be used as living vehicles for the targeting of antigens or therapeutics to the digestive mucosa. The aim of this study ...
Mirlohi M - - 2008
Regarding the importance of the presence of intestinal lactobacilli and their population in infants, four different treatments were evaluated for Lactobacillus isolation efficiency via reduction in the growth of other groups of bacteria capable of growing on de-Man Rogosa Sharpe (MRS) medium from fecal samples of 11 Iranian infants. MRS-Vancomycin ...
Ekinci F Y - - 2008
Propionibacteria are able to produce a wide variety of food components beneficial to human health. In this study, yogurt was produced by using the adjunct starter cultures Propionibacterium jensenii B1264 and Propionibacterium thoenii (jensenii) P126. Although the total solids and protein contents of the yogurts did not show any significant ...
Gailunas K M - - 2008
Ready-to-eat meat products have been implicated in several foodborne listeriosis outbreaks. Microbial contamination of these products can occur after thermal processing when products are chilled in salt brines. The objective of this study was to evaluate UV radiation on the inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes and lactic acid bacteria in a ...
Kouya Tomoaki - - 2008
Production of a bifidogenic growth stimulator (BGS) by Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii (Propionibacterium shermanii) using lactic acid as a carbon source was investigated using different cultivation methods. When a continuous bioreactor system with a filtration device was used at a dilution rate of 0.075 h(-1), the average BGS concentration was ...
Gladden L Bruce - - 2008
The cell-to-cell lactate shuttle was introduced in 1984 and has been repeatedly supported by studies using a variety of experimental approaches. Because of its large mass and metabolic capacity, skeletal muscle is probably the major component of the lactate shuttle in terms of both production and consumption. Muscles exercising in ...
Garofalo C - - 2008
AIMS: To study lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and yeast dynamics during the production processes of sweet-leavened goods manufactured with type I sourdoughs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen sourdough and dough samples were taken from a baking company in central Italy during the production lines of three varieties of Panettone. The samples ...
Maas Ronald H W - - 2008
The fungus Rhizopus oryzae converts both glucose and xylose under aerobic conditions into chirally pure L+-lactic acid with by-products such as xylitol, glycerol, ethanol, carbon dioxide and fungal biomass. In this paper, we demonstrate that the production of lactic acid by R. oryzae CBS 112.07 only occurs under growing conditions. ...
Maas Ronald H W - - 2008
Conventional processes for lignocellulose-to-organic acid conversion requires pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and microbial fermentation. In this study, lime-treated wheat straw was hydrolyzed and fermented simultaneously to lactic acid by an enzyme preparation and Bacillus coagulans DSM 2314. Decrease in pH because of lactic acid formation was partially adjusted by automatic addition ...
Li Yong-Sheng - - 2008
A new method for the determination of lactic acid based on the immobilization enzyme fluorescence capillary analysis (IE-FCA) was proposed. Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) was immobilized on inner surface of a capillary with glutaraldehyde, and an immobilized enzyme lactate capillary bioreactor (IE-LCBR) was formed for the determination of lactic acid. After ...
Pescuma Micaela - - 2008
Whey, a by-product of the cheese industry usually disposed as waste, is a source of biological and functional valuable proteins. The aim of this work was to evaluate the potentiality of three lactic acid bacteria strains to design a starter culture for developing functional whey-based drinks. Fermentations were performed at ...
Arena M E - - 2008
AIMS: To elucidate and characterize the metabolic putrescine synthesis pathway from agmatine by Lactobacillus hilgardii X(1)B. METHODS AND RESULTS: The putrescine formation from agmatine by resting cells (the normal physiological state in wine) of lactic acid bacteria isolated from wine has been determined for the first time. Agmatine deiminase and ...
Zhang Zhan Ying - - 2008
Cultivations of filamentous fungi in stirred tank reactors (STRs) to produce metabolites are often limited by insufficient mixing and mass transfer because of the formation of mycelial clumps inside the reactors. This study developed an acid-adapted preculture approach to control the morphology of filamentous Rhizopus arrhizus in a STR, consequently ...
Hidalgo Alyssa - - 2008
The aim of this research was to study uracil and lactic and acetic acids as chemical markers for hygienic quality evaluation of raw material in liquid pasteurized egg products. Uracil, absent in sound whole eggs, was formed in raw and pasteurized egg products as a consequence of high microbial contamination ...
Yu Lei - - 2008
Genome shuffling is a powerful strategy for rapid engineering of microbial strains for desirable industrial phenotypes. Here we applied the genome shuffling to improve the glucose tolerance of Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 11443 while simultaneously enhancing the L-lactic acid production. The starting population was generated by ultraviolet irradiation and nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis ...
Morishima Tetsuro - - 2008
The water channel protein aquaporin (AQP) may play roles in the homeostasis of water content in the brain and brain edema. One possible mechanism of brain edema is glial swelling due to lactic acidosis associated with ischemia. Here, we investigated the effect of lactic acid on the expression and cellular ...
Vázquez J A - - 2008
The reparameterization of two classic growth models (the logistic and Gompertz equations), and the dynamic modification of the integrated form of the first of these, was applied to the description of the kinetics and metabolic behaviour of six strains of lactic acid bacteria in four media: three of these from ...
Sauer Michael - - 2008
Microbial production of organic acids is a promising approach for obtaining building-block chemicals from renewable carbon sources. Although some acids have been produced for some time and in-depth knowledge of these microbial production processes has been gained, further microbial production processes seem to be feasible, but large-scale production has not ...
Okino Shohei - - 2008
In mineral salts medium under oxygen deprivation, Corynebacterium glutamicum exhibits high productivity of L-lactic acid accompanied with succinic and acetic acids. In taking advantage of this elevated productivity, C. glutamicum was genetically modified to produce D-lactic acid. The modification involved expression of fermentative D-lactate dehydrogenase (D-LDH)-encoding genes from Escherichia coli ...
Valerio Francesca - - 2008
Four fermentation products (FPs) of the lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum ITM21B were screened for their anti-Bacillus activity in vitro and in bread-making trials. Results of the storage tests performed with loaves prepared with an FP or calcium propionate demonstrated that after 3 days at 30 degrees C, gross spoilage ...
Matsumoto Tsukasa - - 2008
Gastric mucosal cell-derived L-lactic acid strongly enhances proliferation of Helicobacter pylori, and may contribute to the long-term colonization of H. pylori in the stomach. Therefore it is assumed that inhibitory substances active against L-lactic acid-dependent growth of H. pylori will be useful candidates as novel therapeutic agents for H. pylori ...
Mendoza-Espinosa L G - - 2008
The effect of the use of treated wastewater on the growth of cabernet sauvignon and merlot grapes from the Guadalupe Valley, Mexico was evaluated. Secondary advanced effluent was used to irrigate the grapevines at a rate of 66 L/vine/week. Wastewater quality results confirmed that all parameters complied with Mexican legislation ...
Selwet M - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the influence of biological silage additive (Bonsilage) on the hygiene quality and nutritive value of maize and grass-legume silages. The experiments were conducted on FAO 240 maize (Zea mays L.) and a mixture of italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.), 50% with alfalfa ...
Drochioiu Gabi - - 2008
Cachexia is a pathological state characterized by weight loss and protein mobilization during various diseases. Nutritional supplementation or appetite stimulants are unable to restore the loss of lean body mass. Agents interfering with TNF-alpha have not been very successful to date. Only eicosapentaenoic acid was able to interfere with the ...
Ray Ramesh C - - 2008
There is serious concern about the disposal of solid residues left after large scale extraction of starch from cassava. Owing to the high starch content (55-65% on dry weight basis) and organic matter of these wastes, an attempt has been made to utilize it for the production of three bioproducts, ...
Brighenti F L - - 2008
Plants naturally produce secondary metabolites that can be used as antimicrobials. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Psidium cattleianum leaf extract on Streptococcus mutans. The extract (100%) was obtained by decoction of 100 g of leaves in 600 ml of deionized water. To assess killing, ...
Selwet M - - 2008
The aim of these studies was to assess the effect of chemical conservants (FA = formic acid, PA = propionic acid, FPA+i = formic acid, propionic acid and ammonium ions) on the cell counts of yeasts and mould fungi in silage. The silage was prepared from corn (Zea mays L), ...
Bai Dong-Mei - - 2008
Corncob is an economic feedstock and more than 20 million tons of corncobs are produced annually in China. Abundant xylose can be potentially converted from the large amount of hemicellulosic materials in corncobs, which makes the crop residue an attractive alternative substrate for a value-added production of a variety of ...
Takahashi N - - 2008
In this essay we propose an extension of the caries ecological hypothesis to explain the relation between dynamic changes in the phenotypic/genotypic properties of plaque bacteria and the demineralization/remineralization balance of the caries process. Dental plaque represents a microbial ecosystem in which non-mutans bacteria (mainly non-mutans streptococci and Actinomyces) are ...
Campanelli G - - 2008
The use of nonabsorbable prosthetic materials such as polypropylene, polyester, and ePTFE, have expanded and are now widely used in reparative surgery for abdominal wall hernias.There are still difficulties to find correct indication for prosthetic implant in emergency hernia surgery: as a matter of fact there is still a great ...
Frouël S - - 2008
Two forms of the same commercial product (SORBIAL, Allonnes, France), one with live bacteria (PSA) and the other with heat-inactivated bacteria (PSI), containing a mixture of 2 strains of lactobacilli and their growth medium were tested as a diet complement for juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) during a 103-day experiment. ...
Martin Francois-Pierre J - - 2008
Gut microbiome-host metabolic interactions affect human health and can be modified by probiotic and prebiotic supplementation. Here, we have assessed the effects of consumption of a combination of probiotics (Lactobacillus paracasei or L. rhamnosus) and two galactosyl-oligosaccharide prebiotics on the symbiotic microbiome-mammalian supersystem using integrative metabolic profiling and modeling of ...
Perez Roberto - - 2008
Okadaic acid (OA) and the related dinophysistoxins are isolated from dinoflagellates of the genus Prorocentrum and Dinophysis. Bacteria of the Roseobacter group have been associated with okadaic acid producing dinoflagellates and have been previously implicated in OA production. Analysis of 16S rRNA libraries reveals that Roseobacter are the most abundant ...
Dolci Paola - - 2008
The dynamics of dominant microflora throughout the manufacture and ripening processes were evaluated in three batches of traditional Castelmagno PDO cheese. Milk, curd and cheese samples, at different stages during cheesemaking, were collected and subjected to culture-dependent and -independent analysis. Traditional plating and genetic identification of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) ...
Plessas S - - 2008
Lactic acid production using Kluyveromyces marxianus (IFO 288), Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (ATCC 11842) and Lactobacillus helveticus (ATCC 15009) individually or as mixed culture on cheese whey in stirred or static fermentation conditions was evaluated. Lactic acid production, residual sugar and cell biomass were the main features examined. Increased lactic ...
Zhang Zhigang - - 2008
The effect of residual impurities from glucose fermentation to lactic acid (LA) on subsequent ruthenium-catalyzed hydrogenation of LA to propylene glycol (PG) is examined. Whereas refined LA feed exhibits stable conversion to PG over carbon-supported ruthenium catalyst in a trickle bed reactor, partially refined LA from fermentation shows a steep ...
Collado M Carmen - - 2007
The microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) can play an important role in the healthy status of farm animals and in the safety of the whole food chain. In this study, the mucosa-associated microbiota of the GIT of pigs and chickens was analyzed by culture methods and fluorescence in situ ...
López-López Antonio - - 2007
Table olives constitute an important part of the Mediterranean diet and the diet of many non-olive-producing countries. The aim of this work was to determine the fiber, sugar, and organic acid contents in Spanish commercial presentations of table olives and characterize them by means of a multivariate analysis. The selection ...
Moldes A B - - 2007
Trimming vine shoot samples were treated with water under selected operational conditions (autohydrolysis reaction) to obtain a liquid phase containing hemicellulose-decomposition products. In a further acid-catalyzed step (posthydrolysis reaction), xylooligosaccharides were converted into single sugars for the biotechnological production of lactic acid using Lactobacillus pentosus. A wide range of temperatures, ...
Agarwal Lata - - 2008
Cheese whey was the most suitable substrate for production of lactic acid under anaerobic conditions by Entercoccus flavescens which, on supplementating with corn steep liquor (5% v/v) and 10 mM CaCO(3) at pH 5.5, 37 degrees C, yielded 12.6 g lactic acid/l in 36 h. Production was scaled up to ...
Christiansen Jason K - - 2008
The conversion of amino acids into volatile and nonvolatile compounds by lactic acid bacteria in cheese is thought to represent the rate-limiting step in the development of mature flavor and aroma. Because amino acid breakdown by microbes often entails the reversible action of enzymes involved in biosynthetic pathways, our group ...
Donkor Osaana N - - 2007
The study examined chemical composition and rheological and sensory properties of probiotic soy yogurt during 28 day storage at 4 degrees C. Soymilk supplemented with 2% (w/v) inulin or 1% (w/v) each of raffinose and glucose was used as a base for soy yogurt manufacture. Viability of probiotic organisms and ...
Dumbrepatil Arti - - 2008
Efficient lactic acid production from cane sugar molasses by Lactobacillus delbrueckii mutant Uc-3 in batch fermentation process is demonstrated. Lactic acid fermentation using molasses was not significantly affected by yeast extract concentrations. The final lactic acid concentration increased with increases of molasses sugar concentrations up to 190 g/liter. The maximum ...
Thang Vu Hong - - 2008
The aim of this work was to recover lactic acid in undissociated form from grass silage juice. For this aim, chromatographic separation using neutral polymeric resin Amberlite XAD1600 was investigated. Up to now, there is no hint in the literatures about using neutral polymeric resin for lactic acid separation from ...
Kang M-W - - 2007
This study was conducted to investigate the sensory interactions between various organic acids and flavorants in 3 types of ramen soup ('beef,' seafood, and 'kimchi') when types and levels of organic acids (citric, malic, and lactic) varied. For 'beef' and seafood ramen soup, weak suprathreshold levels of acids (0.0039% to ...
Filya I - - 2007
The effect of 14 microbial inoculants on the fermentation and nutritive value of alfalfa silages was studied under laboratory conditions. The first cut (477 g of dry matter/kg) and second cut (393 g of dry matter/kg) of a second-year alfalfa stand were ensiled in 2 trials. In both trials alfalfa ...
Seseña S - - 2007
AIM: Identification of the predominant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) involved in spontaneous fermentations of Almagro eggplants, and evaluation of the biodiversity by molecular typing. METHODS AND RESULTS: Almagro eggplant fermentations in three factories (A, B and C) enjoying Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) status were monitored by chemical and microbiological ...
Qiu Yu Tong YT Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8031, 6700 EH, Wageningen, The - - 2007
Chemical cues play an important role in the host-seeking behavior of blood-feeding mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). A field study was carried out in The Gambia to investigate the effects of human odor or synthetic odor blends on the attraction of mosquitoes. MM-X traps baited with 16 odor blends to which carbon ...
Medina Eduardo - - 2007
The inhibitors involved in the lactic acid fermentation of table olives were investigated in aseptic olive brines of the Manzanilla and Gordal varieties. Phenolic and oleosidic compounds in these brines were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry detection, and several substances were also characterized ...
Romaní Aloia - - 2008
The use of cellulosic biosludges generated in a Kraft pulp mill was investigated as substrate for lactic acid production by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). The effect of the operation mode (batch or fedbatch), the initial liquid to solid ratio (12 or 30 g/g) and the nutrient supplementation (MRS components ...
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