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Bevilacqua A - - 2009
AIMS: This study was aimed to investigate the effects of a high-pressure homogenization (HPH) treatment on some micro-organisms, involved in the spoilage of fruit juices. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis, Bacillus coagulans cells, Saccharomyces bayanus, Pichia membranaefaciens and Rhodotorula bacarum were separately inoculated in a saline solution (0.9% ...
Martin Leigh R - - 2009
Lactic acid is a major component of the TALSPEAK process planned for use in the separation of trivalent lanthanide and actinide elements. This acid acts both as a buffer and to protect the actinide complexant from radiolytic damage. However, there is little kinetic information on the reaction of water radiolysis ...
Bartowsky E J - - 2009
Bacteria are part of the natural microbial ecosystem of wine and play an important role in winemaking by reducing wine acidity and contributing to aroma and flavour. Conversely, they can cause numerous unwelcome wine spoilage problems, which reduce wine quality and value. Lactic acid bacteria, especially Oenococcus oeni, contribute positively ...
Wang Chung-Yi - - 2009
The present study assesses the feasibility of noni as a raw substrate for the production of probiotic noni juice by lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacilluscasei and Lactobacillus plantarum) and bifidobacteria (Bifidobacteriumlongum). Changes in pH, acidity, sugar content, cell survival and antioxidant properties during fermentation were monitored. All tested strains grew well ...
Prabhakar A R - - 2009
This study was undertaken to gain an insight into the interaction of conventional glass ionomers (GC Fuji II, GC Fuji IX GP and Chem Flex restorative materials) commonly used in Alternative Restorative Technique (ART) with aqueous solutions in terms of water sorption, solution buffering and ion release. Both immature and ...
Brooijmans Rob - - 2009
For some lactic acid bacteria higher biomass production as a result of aerobic respiration has been reported upon supplementation with heme and menaquinone. In this report, we have studied a large number of species among lactic acid bacteria for the existence of this trait. Heme- (and menaquinone) stimulated aerobic growth ...
Svoboda M - - 2009
The goal of the trial was to determine the efficacy of Se from Se-enriched lactic acid bacteria in accumulation of Se in the muscle tissue and to evaluate its effect on meat quality in finisher pigs. In group I (n = 12) the feed was supplemented with inorganic sodium selenite, ...
Pandey Anurag - - 2009
Synthesis of poly(L-lactic acid) typically requires a long process time with the use of tin octoate as a catalyst. In this study microwave-assisted polymerization of lactic acid has been studied both with the aid and without the aid of tin octoate catalyst. While the presence of tin octoate assists in ...
Mezaini Abdelkader - - 2009
In the present study, the antibacterial effect of 20 lactic acid bacteria isolates from a traditional cheese was investigated. 6 isolates showed antibacterial effect against Gram positive bacteria. Streptococcus thermophilus T2 strain showed the wide inhibitory spectrum against the Gram positive bacteria. Growth and bacteriocin production profiles showed that the ...
Qin Jiayang - - 2009
The demand for lactic acid has been increasing considerably because of its use as a monomer for the synthesis of polylactic acid (PLA), which is a promising and environment-friendly alternative to plastics derived from petrochemicals. Optically pure L-lactic acid is essential for polymerization of PLA. The high fermentation cost of ...
Kutyauripo Josphat - - 2009
The effect of removing the second step of malt conversion in the brewing of Chibuku beer was investigated with the intention of extending the shelf-life of the product. Chibuku was brewed in the laboratory scale fermenters using Delta Beverages' standard brewing procedure. A variation was made where the second malt ...
Albano H - - 2008
AIMS: This study evaluates the microbial ecology of 'Alheira' by traditional microbiological analysis and a PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) protocol. METHODS AND RESULTS: Total microbial DNA from 'Alheiras' was extracted directly from the products and subjected to PCR using Eubacterial primers for 16S rDNA. The amplicons were separated by ...
Cochu A - - 2008
AIMS: To demonstrate the feasibility of growing lactobacilli and producing lactic acid using maple sap as a sugar source and to show the importance of oligosaccharides in the processes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two maple sap samples (Cetta and Pinnacle) and purified sucrose were used as carbon sources in the preparation ...
Hayashidani Hideki - - 2008
Pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica serotypes O:3, O:5,27, O:8 and O:9 were inoculated into sliced and ground pork, and the samples were stored under vacuum or aerobic conditions at 2 and degrees C. All serotypes survived for 5 weeks in pork with or without vacuum packing without any discernable increases in their ...
Okano Kenji - - 2009
In order to achieve direct and efficient fermentation of optically pure D-lactic acid from raw corn starch, we constructed L-lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhL1)-deficient Lactobacillus plantarum and introduced a plasmid encoding Streptococcus bovis 148 alpha-amylase (AmyA). The resulting strain produced only D-lactic acid from glucose and successfully expressed amyA. With the ...
Gao Chao - - 2009
D-lactic acid and pyruvic acid are two important building block intermediates. Production of D-lactic acid and pyruvic acid from racemic lactic acid by biotransformation is economically interesting. Biocatalyst prepared from 9 g dry cell wt l(-1) of Pseudomonas stutzeri SDM could catalyze 45.00 g l(-1)DL-lactic acid into 25.23 g l(-1)D-lactic ...
Ge Xiang-Yang - - 2009
Aspergillus niger SL-09 and Lactobacillus sp. G-02 were used as a mixed culture in a 7-l fermentor to directly form L-lactic acid from Jerusalem artichoke tubers. The synthesis of inulinase and invertase from A. niger SL-09 was enhanced significantly by the inoculation of Lactobacillus sp. G-02 at 12h of culture, ...
Abdel-Rahman Fawzia H - - 2008
Thirty-three organic acids and furfural metabolites were examined for their nematicidal activity against plant-parasitic, free-living and predacious nematodes. Propionic acid, 2-methylhexanoic acid, lactic acid, maleic acid, and furic acid were the most effective nematicides among normal chain organic acids, branched organic acids, hydroxy/keto-acids, dicarboxylic acids and furfural metabolites, respectively. Seven ...
Surenkok Ozgur - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the effects of trunk-muscle fatigue and blood lactic acid elevation on static and dynamic balance. INTERVENTION: Fatigue was induced by an isokinetic protocol, and static and dynamic balance were assessed during bilateral stance using a Kinesthetic Ability Trainer. Subjects participated in a fatigue protocol ...
Gammariello D - - 2008
The effect of chitosan on the rheological and sensorial properties of Apulia spreadable cheese during storage time was evaluated. The investigated spreadable cheese samples were stored at 4 degrees C. Storage modulus (G'), loss modulus (G''), tandelta, and the overall sensorial quality of the spreadable cheese were monitored for 24 ...
Gatti M - - 2008
The aim of this work was to investigate in which phases of ripening of Parmigiano Reggiano cheese lactic acid bacteria aminopeptidases present in cheese extract could be involved in release of free amino acids and to better understand the behavior of these enzymes in physical-chemical conditions that are far from ...
Liu Y - - 2008
AIMS: This paper developed a novel process for lactic acid and chitin co-production of the pelletized Rhzious oryzae NRRL 395 fermentation using underutilized cull potatoes and glucose as nutrient source. METHODS AND RESULTS: Whole potato hydrolysate medium was first used to produce the highest pelletized biomass yield accompanying the highest ...
John Rojan P - - 2009
In the recent decades biotechnological production of lactic acid has gained a prime position in the industries as it is cost effective and eco-friendly. Lactic acid is a versatile chemical having a wide range of applications in food, pharmaceutical, leather and textile industries and as chemical feedstock for so many ...
Samara Arhontia - - 2009
The effect of acid decontamination on the growth/survival of Listeria monocytogenes on fresh lettuce (Lactusa sativa) during storage and subsequent exposure to a simulated gastric fluid was studied. Fresh lettuce, inoculated with L. monocytogenes (3 log cfu/cm(2)), was immersed (20 degrees C, 90 s) in water (W), lactic acid (LA), ...
Kling David E - - 2009
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a Gram-positive bacterium that causes sepsis and meningitis in neonates and infants. Although several GBS-associated virulence factors have been described, the mechanisms of GBS invasive disease are not well understood. To characterize additional virulence factors, a novel in vitro infection assay was developed using rat ...
Greenhill A R - - 2009
Sago starch is an important dietary carbohydrate in lowland Papua New Guinea (PNG). An investigation was conducted to determine whether microbes play a role in its preservation using traditional methods. In 12 stored sago samples collected from PNG villages, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were present (> or = 3.6 x ...
Jones Glenn - - 2008
This work presents results from density functional theory calculations which are used to elucidate the reduction of pyruvic acid to lactic acid by direct hydrogenation over Cu{110} in vacuo. We propose a plausible pathway from reactants to products that crucially relies upon an intramolecular tunneling step to circumvent energetically unfavorable ...
Mutsuga M - - 2008
Polylactide (PLA) is used for manufacturing lunch boxes and for packaging fresh food in Japan. PLA can be hydrolysed relatively easily to produce lactic acid, lactide and oligomers. Different types of PLA sheet were subjected to migration tests under various conditions and the lactic acid, lactide and oligomers contents of ...
Edima H C - - 2008
The acidifying activity of Carnobacterium maltaromaticum LMA28, a strain isolated from French soft cheese, was studied in trypticase soy broth with yeast extract (TSB-YE) medium and in milk. In TSB-YE supplemented with lactose, glucose, or galactose, lactose and glucose were metabolized with a maximum growth rate of 0.32 h(-1) and ...
Tokarskyy Oleksandr - - 2008
The combined lactic acid, monolaurin, and nisin effects on time-to-detection (optical density at 600 nm) extension were greater (P < 0.05) than any single or paired combination effect, which demonstrates a synergistic interaction among the antimicrobials. Monolaurin exposure caused C12:0 cell membrane incorporation. Lactic acid caused increased monolaurin C12:0 membrane ...
Yang Zhiwei - - 2010
Gluconacetobacter sp. A4 (G. sp. A4), which had strong ability to produce d-saccharic acid 1, 4 lactone (DSL), was the key functional bacteria isolated from the kombucha preserved. This paper investigated the interaction between G. sp. A4 and ten different strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) obtained from kefir. The ...
Leung T Y - - 2008
Photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) using fluorescent light was used to disinfect two marine bacteria: Alteromonas alvinellae and Photobacterium phosphoreum. Results showed that P. phosphoreum exhibited a lower susceptibility towards PCO than A. alvinellae, which was related to their fatty acid profiles and levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Results ...
Kwak W S - - 2009
A small-silo study was conducted to develop an effective ensiling storage method for the use of cotton waste-based spent mushroom substrate (SMS) as an animal feed. The SMS was ensiled with 5% molasses (DM basis), 0.5% (v/w) lactic acid bacteria (LAB, Lactobacillus plantarum) inoculant or 0.5% (v/w) yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) ...
Patel J R - - 2008
The effectiveness of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-generating AirOcare equipment on the reduction of airborne bacteria in a meat-processing environment was determined. Serratia marcescens and lactic acid bacteria (Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and Lactobacillus plantarum) were used to artificially contaminate the air via a six-jet Collison nebulizer. Air in the meat-processing ...
Stenz Ludwig - - 2008
Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for a broad variety of chronic infections. Most S. aureus clinical isolates show the capacity to adhere to abiotic surfaces and to develop biofilms. Because S. aureus growing in a biofilm is highly refractory to treatment, inhibition of biofilm formation represents a major therapeutic objective. We ...
Sokolsky-Papkov Marina - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate a new formulation of bupivacaine loaded in an injectable fatty acid based biodegradable polymer poly(lactic acid co castor oil) in prolonging motor and sensory block when injected locally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The polyesters were synthesized from DL: -lactic acid and castor oil with feed ratio of 4:6 ...
Ataei Seyed Ahmad - - 2008
Lactic acid fermentation is an end product inhibited reaction. In situ separation of lactic acid from fermentation broth using ion exchange resins was investigated and compared with conventional fermentation system. Amberlite resin (IRA-400, Cl-) was used to separate lactic acid from fermentation broth and pH was controlled online with an ...
Kedia G - - 2008
AIMS: The overall kinetics of the fermentation of four oat fractions obtained by debranning using three potentially probiotic lactic acid bacteria were investigated. The main objective was to study the suitability of these fractions as fermentation media for the growth and the metabolic production of bacteria isolated from human intestine. ...
Garjonyte R - - 2008
Carbon paste electrode modified with baker' and wine yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (a source of flavocytochrome b(2)) were investigated as amperometric biosensors for L-lactic acid. Before immobilization on the electrode surface, yeast cells were pretreated with various electrolytes, alcohols and weak organic acids. Electrode responses to L-lactic acid were tested in ...
Pompei Anna - - 2008
Faecal cultures were used to compare the prebiotic effects of a new fructan containing high solubility inulin (HSI) and of a well-established prebiotic containing oligofructose (OF) with a negative control (CT). Changes in the intestinal microbiota, pH, ammonia, volatile organic acids and lactic acid were monitored during incubation. Molecular techniques ...
Kocaoglu-Vurma N A - - 2008
The effect of nonstarter Lactobacillus adjunct cultures on the microbial, chemical, and sensory characteristics of Swiss cheese manufactured using the "kosher make procedure" was investigated. The kosher make procedure, which uses a lower cooking temperature than traditional Swiss cheese making, is used by many American cheese manufacturers to allow for ...
Fernandez Annabelle - - 2008
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) gradually acidify their environment through the conversion of pyruvate to lactate, an essential process to regenerate NAD(+) used during glycolysis. A clear demonstration of acidification can be found in yogurt, the product of milk fermentation by the LAB Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) and Streptococcus ...
Abbott Derek A - - 2008
Based on the high acid tolerance and the simple nutritional requirements of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, engineered strains of this yeast are considered biocatalysts for industrial production of high-purity undissociated lactic acid. However, high concentrations of lactic acid are toxic to S. cerevisiae, thus limiting its growth and product formation. Physiological and ...
Coin Irene - - 2008
The first solid-phase synthesis of cotransin--a cyclic depsipeptide having high pharmacological potential--was achieved, by a proper choice of coupling reagents and use of either TBAF or DBU for Fmoc removal to suppress the otherwise dominating, sequence-derived diketopiperazine formation. Starting the assembly from C-terminal lactic acid allowed fast and epimerization-free cyclization ...
Ding Amy G - - 2008
PURPOSE: The acidic microclimate pH (micropH) distribution inside poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres was monitored quantitatively as a function of several formulation variables. METHODS: A ratiometric method by confocal laser scanning microscopy with Lysosensor yellow/blue dextran was adapted from those previously reported, and micropH distribution kinetics inside microspheres was examined during ...
Morooka Saiko - - 2008
Reaction pathways and kinetics of C2 (carbon-two) aldehyde, acetaldehyde (CH3CHO), and formic acid HCOOH or HOCHO, are studied in neutral and acidic subcritical water at 200-250 degrees C. Acetaldehyde is found to exhibit (i) the acid-catalyzed C-C bond formation between acetaldehyde and formic acid, which generates lactic acid (CH3CH(OH)COOH), (ii) ...
Lecompte Jean-Yves - - 2008
Effectiveness of combined steam (10 and 60 s, 70 degrees C and 98 degrees C) and chemical treatments, using concentrated solutions of lactic acid (1 and 30 min, 5% and 10% lactic acid), on the inactivation of Listeria innocua inoculated on the surface of chicken skins have been studied. Surviving ...
Carlson Brandon A - - 2008
Studies were conducted to identify effective antimicrobials and application parameters that could be used as decontamination interventions to reduce microbial loads on cattle hides before removal from carcasses. In study I, hide swatches inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 were sprayed with 10% acetic acid (at 23 and 55 degrees C), ...
Liu Mingxing - - 2008
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of poly(D, L-lactic acid) (PLA) nanoparticles as triptolide carrier on abating renal toxicity for Sprague Dawley rats after oral administration. Triptolide has severe toxicities on digestive, urogenital and blood circulatory system. High-resolution 600-MHz 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR)-based metabolic analysis was ...
Jung Seung Won - - 2008
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with antimicrobial activity and high exopolysaccharide (EPS) production ability isolated from sourdough were studied for their fermentation characteristics as potential new starter cultures. The values of pH, titratable acidity, and viable cell counts were 4.06+/-0.009-4.50+/- 0.015, 0.787+/-0.020%-1.172+/-0.018%, and 8.78+/-0.08-8.98+/- 0.06 log CFU/ml, respectively. In order to ...
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