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Results 201 - 250 of 1858
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Di Cagno Raffaella - - 2010
Pichia guilliermondii was the only identified yeast in pineapple fruits. Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rossiae were the main identified species of lactic acid bacteria. Typing of lactic acid bacteria differentiated isolates depending on the layers. L. plantarum 1OR12 and L. rossiae 2MR10 were selected within the lactic acid bacteria isolates ...
Guo Wei - - 2010
Utilizing all forms of sugars derived from lignocellulosic biomass via various pretreatment and hydrolysis process is a primary criterion for selecting a microorganism to produce biofuels and biochemicals. A broad carbon spectra and potential inhibitors such as furan, phenol compounds and weak acids are two major obstacles that limited the ...
Bautista-Gallego J - - 2010
NaCl plays an important role in table olive processing affecting the flavour and microbiological stability of the final product. However, consumers demand foods low in sodium, which makes necessary to decrease levels of this mineral in fruits. In this work, the effects of diverse mixtures of NaCl, CaCl(2) and KCl ...
Brinques Graziela Brusch - - 2010
Biomass and lactic acid production by a Lactobacillus plantarum strain isolated from Serrano cheese, a microorganism traditionally used in foods and recognized as a potent probiotic, was optimized. Optimization procedures were carried out in submerged batch bioreactors using cheese whey as the main carbon source. Sequential experimental Plackett-Burman designs followed ...
Józefiak D - - 2010
To determine the efficiency of benzoic acid, a feeding experiment was carried out with 240 one-day old ROSS 308 cockerels. Birds were divided into three dietary treatments: I (C) - no additives, II (B1) - 0.1% inclusion of benzoic acid, III (B2) - the inclusion of 0.2% benzoic acid. The ...
Guill?n Hugo - - 2009
Nitroreductases reduce nitroaromatic compounds and other oxidants in living organisms, having interesting implications in environmental and human health. A putative nitrobenzoate reductase encoding gene (lp_0050) was recently annotated in the completed DNA sequence of lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 strain. In this research, this L. plantarum gene was cloned ...
Alessandro Del Nobile Matteo - - 2010
This study explains how active coating can serve to prolong the shelf life of Fior di latte cheese. The active coating was prepared by dissolving, in two sodium alginic acid solutions (5 and 8% w/v), different concentrations of lysozyme (0.25, 0.50 and 1.00 mg ml-1)+50 mm of Ethylene-Diamine Tetraacetic Acid ...
Schmidt R J - - 2009
This study was conducted to document the development of populations of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Lactobacillus buchneri in alfalfa silage treated with various inoculants. Wilted and chopped alfalfa (45% dry matter) was treated with 1) distilled water (untreated, U), 2) Lactobacillus buchneri 40788 (4 x 10(5) cfu/g; LB), or ...
Zhang Zhan Ying - - 2009
88 g/L lactic acid was produced from waste potato starch (equivalent to 100 g/L glucose) in a bubble column reactor using appropriate acid-adapted precultures of Rhizopus arrhizus. Further experiment showed that repeated dilution of cultures caused the decrease of lactic acid concentration and productivity due to formation of large fungal ...
Mazzio Elizabeth A - - 2010
Tumor cells have a high tolerance for acidic and hypoxic microenvironments, also producing abundant lactic acid through accelerated glycolysis in the presence or absence of O(2). While the accumulation of lactate is thought to be a major contributor to the reduction of pH-circumscribing aggressive tumors, it is not known if ...
Zheng Huijie - - 2010
Improvement of acid tolerance and production of D-lactic acid by Sporolactobacillus inulinus ATCC 15538 was performed by using recursive protoplast fusion in a genome shuffling format. The starting population was generated by ultraviolet irradiation, diethyl sulfate mutagenesis, and pH-gradient filter and then, subjected for the recursive protoplast fusion. The concentration ...
Laopaiboon Pattana - - 2010
In order to use sugarcane bagasse as a substrate for lactic acid production, optimum conditions for acid hydrolysis of the bagasse were investigated. After lignin extraction, the conditions were varied in terms of hydrochloric (HCl) or sulfuric (H(2)SO(4)) concentration (0.5-5%, v/v), reaction time (1-5h) and incubation temperature (90-120 degrees C). ...
Vasilopoulos Charalampos - - 2010
The microbiota associated with a highly-perishable Belgian artisan-type cooked ham was analyzed through plating and (GTG)(5)-fingerprinting of isolates throughout its processing chain. The raw tumbled meat was characterized by the presence of a versatile microbiota around 4.8 log(cfu g(-1)), consisting of lactic acid bacteria, staphylococci, Brochothrix thermosphacta, Gram-negative bacteria, and ...
Osawa Fumi - - 2009
Industrial production of L-lactic acid, which in polymerized form as poly-lactic acid is widely used as a biodegradable plastic, has been attracting world-wide attention. By genetic engineering we constructed a strain of the Crabtree-negative yeast Candida boidinii that efficiently produced a large amount of L-lactic acid. The alcohol fermentation pathway ...
Lampe Kyle J - - 2009
Biomaterials prepared from polyesters of lactic acid and glycolic acid, or a mixture of the two, degrade in the presence of water into the naturally occurring metabolites, lactic acid and glycolic acid. While the lactic acid degradation product that is released from biomaterials is well tolerated by the body, lactic ...
Xie Shuyu - - 2009
Our previous work demonstrated that lactic/glycolic acid copolymer (PLGA) was an efficient emulsifier for the primary w/o emulsion in the formulation of protein-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) by w/o/w double emulsion-solvent evaporation technique. In this work, the effect of PLGA composition on the emulsifying activity was studied with PLGA of ...
Wang Peng - - 2009
Low-energy ion beam irradiation (10-200 keV) has been proved to have a wide range of biological effects in recent years. When Rhizopus oryzae PW352 was irradiated with a 15-keV low-energy ion beam an L(+)-lactic acid high-yield mutant, RQ4015, was obtained. When 150 g/l glucose was used as the sole carbon ...
Xu Chuncheng - - 2009
The objective of this experiment was to determine the ensiling characteristics, nutrient composition and nutritive value of Chinese yam by-product (CYBP) silage treated without additive (Control), with lactic acid bacteria (LY), with dried beet pulp (BY), or with mixtures of lactic acid bacteria and dried beet pulp (LBY) for a ...
Ikushima Shigehito - - 2009
Polylactic acid is receiving increasing attention as a renewable alternative for conventional petroleum-based plastics. In the present study, we constructed a metabolically-engineered Candida utilis strain that produces L-lactic acid with the highest efficiency yet reported in yeasts. Initially, the gene encoding pyruvate decarboxylase (CuPDC1) was identified, followed by four CuPDC1 ...
Coda R - - 2010
This study aimed at characterizing the lactic acid bacteria microbiota and selecting mixed endogenous starters to be used for sourdough fermentation of spelt or emmer flours. Identification of lactic acid bacteria was carried out by partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA, recA, 16S/23S rRNA spacer region and pheS genes. Spelt ...
Katina Kati - - 2009
Several lactic acid bacteria belonging to the genera Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, and Weissella have been introduced to wheat sourdough baking for in situ production of exopolysaccharides. This is considered a novel method for improving the shelf-life, volume and nutritional value of bread without additives. However, in situ production of exopolysaccharides during ...
Okano Kenji - - 2010
In order to achieve direct fermentation of an optically pure D: -lactic acid from cellulosic materials, an endoglucanase from a Clostridium thermocellum (CelA)-secreting plasmid was introduced into an L: -lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhL1)-deficient Lactobacillus plantarum (ldhL1) bacterial strain. CelA expression and its degradation of beta-glucan was confirmed by western blot ...
Budhavaram Naresh K - - 2009
Production of lactic acid from paper sludge was studied using thermophilic Bacillus coagulan strains 36D1 and P4-102B. More than 80% of lactic acid yield and more than 87% of cellulose conversion were achieved using both strains without any pH control due to the buffering effect of CaCO(3) in paper sludge. ...
Chen T-H - - 2009
In this study, various yeasts (Kluyveromyces marxianus, Saccharomyces turicensis, Pichia fermentans) and lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens, Lactobacillus kefiri, Leuconostoc mesenteroides) were entrapped in 2 different microspheres using an entrapment ratio for the strains that was based on the distribution ratio of these organisms in kefir grains. The purpose of ...
Sheedy John R - - 2009
Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are affected by symptoms of cognitive dysfunction and neurological impairment, the cause of which has yet to be elucidated. However, these symptoms are strikingly similar to those of patients presented with D-lactic acidosis. A significant increase of Gram positive facultative anaerobic faecal microorganisms in ...
Kang Sinyoung S Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. - - 2009
The authors have demonstrated a decrease in pH in the incisional wound environment, suggesting a possible contribution of low pH to postsurgical pain. In this study, the authors characterized the acid-responsiveness of nociceptors innervating the plantar aspect of the rat hind paw 1 day after plantar incision and compared this ...
Lee Jang-Eun - - 2009
The chemical composition of grape wines varies with grape variety, environmental factors of climate and soil, and bacterial strains, which can each affect the wine quality. Using (1)H NMR analysis coupled with multivariate statistical data sets, we investigated the effects of grape vintage on metabolic profiles of wine and the ...
Ong L - - 2009
Bifidobacterium longum 1941, B. animalis subsp. lactis LAFTI B94, Lactobacillus casei 279, Lb. casei LAFTI L26, Lb. acidophilus 4962, or Lb. acidophilus LAFTI L10 were used as an adjunct in the production of Cheddar cheeses, which were ripened at 4 and 8 degrees C for 24 wk. Effects of ripening ...
Boyer R R - - 2009
Listeria monocytogenes is the pathogen of concern in ready-to-eat (RTE) meat products. Salt brines are used to chill processed meats. L. monocytogenes and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can grow under saline conditions, and may compete with each other for nutrients. The objective of this study was to determine the effect ...
Noël Marion - - 2009
As biomass feedstock, wood and lactic acid biopolymers have been used as constituents of an innovative biocomposite material possessing remarkable properties. Three different systems were made by soaking lactic acid oligomers into solid wood and then oven heating to induce in situ polymerisation, confirmed by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) ...
Stolzenbach Sandra - - 2009
Sensory profiling was performed for a Danish lightly fermented heat-processed cold cut pork product termed 'rullepølse'. Product samples were stored under modified atmosphere (MAP, 30% CO(2)/70% N(2)) for 0, 28 and 34days and with subsequent aerobic storage for 4days (MAP-OPEN) at temperatures of 4°C and 8°C. Microbial growth and metabolism ...
Sawyer J T - - 2009
Fresh and cooked color of dark-cutting (DC) beef strip loins (mean pH=6.56) enhanced with 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 or 1.00% lactic acid (LA) were compared to non-enhanced DC and normal pH (NpH; mean pH=5.43) strip loins. Even though NpH steaks received the most (P<0.05) desirable fresh color scores, color scores for ...
Schirmer Bjørn Christian - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel packaging method for fresh fish and to determine its effect on the bacterial growth in fresh salmon. Fresh salmon was packed with a small amount of 100% CO(2) (gas/product ratio 0.2/1.0 v/v) and a brine solution containing various combinations of ...
Seesuriyachan Phisit - - 2009
The acid biocoagulants produced from non-sterile lactic acid fermentation by Lactobacillus casei TISTR 1500 were used to settle colloidal protein, mainly casein, at the isoelectric point in dairy effluent prior to secondary treatment. High concentration of azo dye (Ponceau 4R) in the dairy wastewater and the stress of starvation decreased ...
Pham T Thuy - - 2009
In this study, soy protein isolate (SPI) (4%, v/w) was supplemented to the yogurt mix to increase the amount of biologically active isoflavone in yogurt (SY). The control yogurt was without any SPI supplementation (USY). The supplementation significantly (P < 0.05) increased the lactose metabolism by the yogurt starter including ...
Zeng Z - - 2009
Natural sauerkraut fermentations contain a great number of lactic acid bacteria. The aim of this study was to identify lactic acid bacterial strains with high conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-producing ability from natural sauerkraut fermentations. Fifteen CLA-producing lactic acid bacterial strains were isolated in the study. One of these strains, designated ...
Lecompte J-Y - - 2009
1. The aim was to establish how poultry skin could be efficiently decontaminated without changing its organoleptic properties. 2. Chicken skins were surface inoculated with Listeria innocua and treated with different acid solutions (2 and 10% lactic acid for 1 and 30 min). Surviving bacteria were enumerated immediately after treatment ...
Wee Young-Jung - - 2009
Continuous lactic acid fermentations were conducted using lignocellulosic hydrolyzates and corn steep liquor as inexpensive raw materials. Lactic acid concentrations decreased with increases in the dilution rate, whereas the residual substrate concentrations increased. However, lactic acid yields were maintained at more than 0.90 g g(-1) over all cases experimented. The ...
Kito Hideki - - 2009
Twenty-one strains of Amylomyces rouxii isolated from starters of Asian fermented foods were divided into two groups, lactic acid (LA) and fumaric and malic acid (FMA) producers, by organic acid productivity in liquid culture. Phylogenetic analysis based on the ldhB gene, ribosomal RNA encoding DNA (rDNA) internal transcribed spacer (ITS) ...
Pastink Margreet I - - 2009
In this report, we describe the amino acid metabolism and amino acid dependency of the dairy bacterium Streptococcus thermophilus LMG18311 and compare them with those of two other characterized lactic acid bacteria, Lactococcus lactis and Lactobacillus plantarum. Through the construction of a genome-scale metabolic model of S. thermophilus, the metabolic ...
Araújo A B A - - 2009
In this work, hybrid chitosan/hydroxyapatite composites material were developed and characterized. The polymer matrix was first dissolved in polylactic acid, and then hydroxyapatite (HA) was added as filler material. The effects of the added amounts of a crosslinking agent (genipin) and of the concentrations of lactic acid, and of the ...
Inaba Chiaki - - 2009
The whole-cell biocatalyst displaying Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) on the yeast cell surface with alpha-agglutinin as the anchor protein was easy to handle and possessed high stability. The lyophilized CALB-displaying yeasts showed their original hydrolytic activity and were applied to an ester synthesis using ethanol and L: -lactic acid ...
Blättel V - - 2009
Beside yeasts, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are the most abundant microbes in must during vinification. Whereas Oenococcos oeni is commercially used as a starter culture for the biological acid reduction in wines, other species are responsible for different types of wine spoilage. Members of the genera Pediococcus, Weissella, Leuconostoc, and ...
Lortal Sylvie - - 2009
In the Sicilian PDO Ragusano cheese making, raw milk is placed in a wooden vat called a Tina. As no starter is added, lactic acid is produced by milk flora and flora released from the Tina biofilm. The aim of this work was to assess the safety and efficiency of ...
Mukherjee A - - 2009
This study evaluated the effects of meat binding or restructuring formulations, including salt/phosphate, algin/calcium, ActivaRM, and Fibrimex, with or without 0.27% (wt/wt) lactic acid, on thermal inactivation of internalized Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef, serving as a model system for restructured products. Ground beef batches (700 g; approximately 5% ...
Ding W K - - 2009
Ten probiotic bacteria, including Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium longum, L. salivarius, L. plantarum, L. acidophilus, L. paracasei, B. lactis type Bl-04, B. lactis type Bi-07, HOWARU L. rhamnosus, and HOWARU B. bifidum, were encapsulated in various coating materials, namely alginate, guar gum, xanthan gum, locust bean gum, and carrageenan gum. The ...
Martínez-Castellanos Gustavo - - 2009
The effects of Lactobacillus plantarum alone or in combination with chitosan were evaluated on quality and color retention in rambutan fruits (Nephelium lappaceum) stored at 25 degrees C and 10 degrees C with 75+/-2.5% of relative humidity for 10 and 15 days, respectively. The development of the microorganisms was evidenced ...
Abbott Derek A - - 2009
Industrial production of lactic acid with the current pyruvate decarboxylase-negative Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains requires aeration to allow for respiratory generation of ATP to facilitate growth and, even under nongrowing conditions, cellular maintenance. In the current study, we observed an inhibition of aerobic growth in the presence of lactic acid. Unexpectedly, ...
Shintaku Kyohei - - 2009
The aims of this study were to evaluate the transplacental transfer properties of diclofenac and to determine the effect of L-lactic acid on the transplacental transfer of diclofenac. The maternal and fetal vessels of human placenta were perfused in a single-pass mode with a solution containing diclofenac and antipyrine. The ...
Bevilacqua A - - 2009
AIMS: This study was aimed to investigate the effects of a high-pressure homogenization (HPH) treatment on some micro-organisms, involved in the spoilage of fruit juices. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis, Bacillus coagulans cells, Saccharomyces bayanus, Pichia membranaefaciens and Rhodotorula bacarum were separately inoculated in a saline solution (0.9% ...
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