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Zhao Bo - - 2010
D-lactic acid was produced by Sporolactobacillus sp. strain CASD in repeated batch fermentation with one- and two-reactor systems. The strain showed relatively high energy consumption in its growth-related metabolism in comparison with other lactic acid producers. When the fermentation was repeated with 10% (v/v) of previous culture to start a ...
Cheung H N B - - 2010
Factorial designs were employed to analyze the inhibitory effects of acetic, butyric, lactic, and propionic acids on composting microorganisms. Compost samples were withdrawn on different days of composting and treated with acids alone and in combination (at 0 and 0.5 mmol/g). Microorganisms were enumerated to determine degree of growth inhibition. ...
Saha Badal C - - 2010
Lactobacillus intermedius NRRL B-3693 produced mannitol, lactic acid, and acetic acid when grown on fructose at 37 degrees C. The optimal pH for mannitol production from fructose by the heterofermentative lactic acid bacterium (LAB) in pH-controlled fermentation was at pH 5.0. It produced 160.7 +/- 1.1 g mannitol in 40 ...
Pereira C I - - 2010
Model cheeses were manufactured according to a full factorial experimental design to help shed light on the individual and combined roles played by 3 native lactic acid bacteria (Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis, Lactobacillus brevis, and Lactobacillus plantarum) upon proteolysis and organic acid evolution in cheese. The model cheeses were manufactured ...
Rachoin Jean-Sebastien - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lactic acidosis (LA) is common in hospitalized patients and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. There have been major recent advances in our understanding of lactate generation and physiology. However, treatment of LA is an area of controversy and uncertainty, and the use of agents to raise pH is ...
Gerez C L - - 2010
Fungal spoilage is the main cause of economic loss in the baking industry. In this study, we developed a ready-to-use biopreserver (slurry [SL]) for nonsliced packed bread by using selected antifungal lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and low-cost ingredients that are compatible with the food matrix. Four LAB strains (Lactobacillus brevis ...
Rajkovic Andreja - - 2010
Quantitative risk assessment studies performed elsewhere showed the importance of reducing counts of Campylobacter jejuni on chicken carcasses for decrease of incidence of human campylobacteriosis. The current study indicated that 1.8 log CFU/g reduction of inoculated C. jejuni (6 log CFU/g) can be achieved by decontamination with lactic acid buffered ...
Kosugi Akihiko - - 2010
Old oil palm trunks that had been felled for replanting were found to contain large quantities of high glucose content sap. Notably, the sap in the inner part of the trunk accounted for more than 80% of the whole trunk weight. The glucose concentration of the sap from the inner ...
Lin Tingting - - 2010
We investigate the elastic properties of poly(lactic acid) crystals using a first-principles pseudopotential plane wave method within the generalized gradient approximation of the density functional theory. Stiffness and compliance matrices of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) alpha- and beta-forms, and the stereocomplex (sc) between PLLA and poly(D-lactic acid) (PDLA) (50:50) sc-form are ...
da Silva Eduardo Moreira - - 2011
This study investigated the diffusion kinetics of a nanofilled (Filtek Z350) and a midifill (Filtek P60) resin composite immersed in distilled water, artificial saliva and lactic acid. Resin composite specimens were desiccated, immersed in the media, weighed at suitable time intervals until they reached sorption equilibrium and were then desiccated ...
Wang Zhen - - 2010
A new support matrix inspired by honeycomb was developed for cell immobilization to control fungal morphology and enhance mass transfer in bioreactor for lactic acid production by Rhizopus oryzae. The immobilization matrix composed of asterisk-shaped fibrous matrices in a honeycomb configuration provided high surface areas for cell attachment and biofilm ...
Storton Mark - - 2010
Different hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) columns were screened for lactic acid separation in hand dishwashing liquid products and the influence of mobile phase strength, buffer concentration and column temperature on the retention of lactic acid on a Zorbax NH(2) column was investigated. An isocratic HILIC method for the quantitation of ...
Periasamy Saravanan - - 2010
Human dental biofilm communities comprise several species, which can interact cooperatively or competitively. Bacterial interactions influence biofilm formation, metabolic changes, and physiological function of the community. Lactic acid, a common metabolite of oral bacteria, was measured in the flow cell effluent of one-, two- and three-species communities growing on saliva ...
Yao Wanying - - 2010
Six levels of crude protein (0.21, 0.42, 0.84, 1.68, 2.52, and 3.36g/L) and six levels of protein hydrolysates from dairy manure, defined by degree of hydrolysis (DH, 6.9%, 17.2%, 25.9%, 33.8%, 36.1%, and 36.7%), were investigated as the nitrogen source for production of l-lactic acid by Rhizopus oryzae NRRL-395 with ...
Lu Zhengdong - - 2010
The use of hydrolyzed acorn starch as a novel carbon source for L(+)-lactic acid production was proposed. The effects of carbon-nitrogen ratio and growth factor on the fermentations were studied by single factor experiments. A lower carbon-nitrogen ratio could enhance L(+)-lactic acid production, and the expensive yeast extract could be ...
Skrivanová Eva - - 2010
The effect of caprylic acid, either in its pure form, or as Akomed R, on the microbial community of the stomach and caecum of farmed rabbits was investigated. This fatty acid, which is often added to the diet of farmed rabbits to reduce mortality rates was shown to reduce the ...
Gamella M - - 2010
Integrated amperometric biosensors for the determination of L-malic and L-lactic acids were developed by coimmobilization of the enzymes L-malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and diaphorase (DP), or L-lactate oxidase (LOX) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP), respectively, together with the redox mediator tetrathiafulvalene (TTF), on a 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) self-assembled monolayer (SAM)-modified gold electrode ...
Dagher Suzanne F - - 2010
Interest in natural cell immobilization or biofilms for lactic acid fermentation has developed considerably over the last few decades. Many studies report the benefits associated with biofilms as industrial methods for food production and for wastewater treatment, since the formation represents a protective means of microbial growth offering survival advantages ...
Xiao Min - - 2010
The composition and vertical profiles of low molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) and the contribution of them to dissolved organic matter (DOM) in sediment porewaters in Bosten Lake, Xinjiang, China were investigated. The results showed that total concentration of LMWOAs was up to 94.5 micromol/L and their proportion in DOM was ...
Jeong Jinwoo - - 2010
Flufenoxuron is a recently introduced insecticide. The compound is known to exert its insecticidal activity by inhibiting chitin synthesis in insects. However, its toxic effects on humans are unknown. A 72-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department by ambulance. The person accompanying her brought an empty 100-mL bottle of ...
Okano Kenji - - 2010
Lactic acid (LA) is an important and versatile chemical that can be produced from renewable resources such as biomass. LA is used in the food, pharmaceutical, and polymers industries and is produced by microorganism fermentation; however, most microorganisms cannot directly utilize biomass such as starchy materials and cellulose. Here, we ...
Ge Xiang-Yang - - 2010
Efficient L-lactic acid production from Jerusalem artichoke tubers by Lactobacillus casei G-02 using simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) in fed-batch culture is demonstrated. The kinetic analysis in the SSF signified that the inulinase activity was subjected to product inhibition, while the fermentation activity of G-02 was subjected to substrate inhibition. ...
Jeon In-Yup - - 2010
The feasibility of edge-functionalization of graphite was tested via the model reaction between pyrene and 4-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyloxy)benzamide (TMPBA) in poly(phosphoric acid) (PPA)/phosphorous pentoxide (P(2)O(5)) medium. The functionalization was confirmed by various characterization techniques. On the basis of the model study, the reaction condition could be extended to the edge-functionalization of graphite ...
Rossi Giorgia - - 2010
Since about three decades, Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be engineered to efficiently produce proteins and metabolites. Even recognizing that in baker's yeast one determining step for the glucose consumption rate is the sugar uptake, this fact has never been conceived to improve the metabolite(s) productivity.In this work we compared the ethanol ...
Gao Qiang - - 2010
The polyacrylic resin Amberlite IRA-67 is a promising adsorbent for lactic acid extraction from aqueous solution, but little systematic research has been devoted to the separation efficiency of lactic acid under different operating conditions. In this paper, we investigated the effects of temperature, resin dose and lactic acid loading concentration ...
Anderson Cynthia M - - 2010
Since the cloning of the first γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter (GAT1; SLC6A1) from rat brain in 1990, more than 50 published studies have provided structure-function information on investigator-designed rat and mouse GAT1 mutants. To date, more than 200 of 599 GAT1 residues have been subjected to mutagenesis experiments by substitution ...
Xiang Yiwen - - 2010
Lactic acid, a natural by-product of glycolysis, is produced at excess levels in response to impaired mitochondrial function, high-energy demand, and low oxygen availability. The enzyme involved in the production of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) of Alzheimer's disease, BACE1, functions optimally at lower pH, which led us to investigate a potential ...
Adil Sheikh S Department of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Kashmir, Alusteng 190006, - - 2010
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of dietary supplementation of organic acids on the performance, intestinal histomorphology, and blood biochemistry of broiler chicken. The birds in the control (T(1)) group were fed the basal diet whereas in other treatment groups basal diet was supplemented with 2% ...
Joshi D S - - 2010
Three mutants, isolated by repeated UV mutagenesis of Lactobacillus lactis NCIM 2368, produced increased D: -lactic acid concentrations. These mutants were compared with the wild type using 100 g hydrolyzed cane sugar/l in the fermentation medium. One mutant, RM2-24, produced 81 g lactic acid/l which was over three times that ...
Yen Hong-Wei - - 2010
Rhizopus oryzae immobilized in calcium alginate was applied in lactic acid fermentation with unhydrolyzed raw sweet potato powders as the sole carbon source. The effects of sodium alginate concentration, calcium chloride concentration, and the immobilized bead diameter on lactic acid production were investigated. Increase in sodium alginate concentration during the ...
Maneeboon Thanapoom - - 2010
The influence of two key environmental factors, pH and oxygen transfer coefficient (k(L)a), was evaluated on the lactic acid production as the main answer and, on the size of cell pellets of the fungal strain Rhizopus oryzae KPS106, as second dependant answer by response surface methodology using a central composite ...
Lunelli Bet?nia H - - 2010
Lactic acid is an important product arising from the anaerobic fermentation of sugars. It is used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, chemical, and food industries as well as for biodegradable polymer and green solvent production. In this work, several bacterial strains were isolated from industrial ethanol fermentation, and the most efficient ...
Di Cagno Raffaella - - 2010
Pichia guilliermondii was the only identified yeast in pineapple fruits. Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rossiae were the main identified species of lactic acid bacteria. Typing of lactic acid bacteria differentiated isolates depending on the layers. L. plantarum 1OR12 and L. rossiae 2MR10 were selected within the lactic acid bacteria isolates ...
Guo Wei - - 2010
Utilizing all forms of sugars derived from lignocellulosic biomass via various pretreatment and hydrolysis process is a primary criterion for selecting a microorganism to produce biofuels and biochemicals. A broad carbon spectra and potential inhibitors such as furan, phenol compounds and weak acids are two major obstacles that limited the ...
Bautista-Gallego J - - 2010
NaCl plays an important role in table olive processing affecting the flavour and microbiological stability of the final product. However, consumers demand foods low in sodium, which makes necessary to decrease levels of this mineral in fruits. In this work, the effects of diverse mixtures of NaCl, CaCl(2) and KCl ...
Brinques Graziela Brusch - - 2010
Biomass and lactic acid production by a Lactobacillus plantarum strain isolated from Serrano cheese, a microorganism traditionally used in foods and recognized as a potent probiotic, was optimized. Optimization procedures were carried out in submerged batch bioreactors using cheese whey as the main carbon source. Sequential experimental Plackett-Burman designs followed ...
Józefiak D - - 2010
To determine the efficiency of benzoic acid, a feeding experiment was carried out with 240 one-day old ROSS 308 cockerels. Birds were divided into three dietary treatments: I (C) - no additives, II (B1) - 0.1% inclusion of benzoic acid, III (B2) - the inclusion of 0.2% benzoic acid. The ...
Guill?n Hugo - - 2009
Nitroreductases reduce nitroaromatic compounds and other oxidants in living organisms, having interesting implications in environmental and human health. A putative nitrobenzoate reductase encoding gene (lp_0050) was recently annotated in the completed DNA sequence of lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 strain. In this research, this L. plantarum gene was cloned ...
Alessandro Del Nobile Matteo - - 2010
This study explains how active coating can serve to prolong the shelf life of Fior di latte cheese. The active coating was prepared by dissolving, in two sodium alginic acid solutions (5 and 8% w/v), different concentrations of lysozyme (0.25, 0.50 and 1.00 mg ml-1)+50 mm of Ethylene-Diamine Tetraacetic Acid ...
Schmidt R J - - 2009
This study was conducted to document the development of populations of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Lactobacillus buchneri in alfalfa silage treated with various inoculants. Wilted and chopped alfalfa (45% dry matter) was treated with 1) distilled water (untreated, U), 2) Lactobacillus buchneri 40788 (4 x 10(5) cfu/g; LB), or ...
Zhang Zhan Ying - - 2009
88 g/L lactic acid was produced from waste potato starch (equivalent to 100 g/L glucose) in a bubble column reactor using appropriate acid-adapted precultures of Rhizopus arrhizus. Further experiment showed that repeated dilution of cultures caused the decrease of lactic acid concentration and productivity due to formation of large fungal ...
Mazzio Elizabeth A - - 2010
Tumor cells have a high tolerance for acidic and hypoxic microenvironments, also producing abundant lactic acid through accelerated glycolysis in the presence or absence of O(2). While the accumulation of lactate is thought to be a major contributor to the reduction of pH-circumscribing aggressive tumors, it is not known if ...
Zheng Huijie - - 2010
Improvement of acid tolerance and production of D-lactic acid by Sporolactobacillus inulinus ATCC 15538 was performed by using recursive protoplast fusion in a genome shuffling format. The starting population was generated by ultraviolet irradiation, diethyl sulfate mutagenesis, and pH-gradient filter and then, subjected for the recursive protoplast fusion. The concentration ...
Laopaiboon Pattana - - 2010
In order to use sugarcane bagasse as a substrate for lactic acid production, optimum conditions for acid hydrolysis of the bagasse were investigated. After lignin extraction, the conditions were varied in terms of hydrochloric (HCl) or sulfuric (H(2)SO(4)) concentration (0.5-5%, v/v), reaction time (1-5h) and incubation temperature (90-120 degrees C). ...
Vasilopoulos Charalampos - - 2010
The microbiota associated with a highly-perishable Belgian artisan-type cooked ham was analyzed through plating and (GTG)(5)-fingerprinting of isolates throughout its processing chain. The raw tumbled meat was characterized by the presence of a versatile microbiota around 4.8 log(cfu g(-1)), consisting of lactic acid bacteria, staphylococci, Brochothrix thermosphacta, Gram-negative bacteria, and ...
Osawa Fumi - - 2009
Industrial production of L-lactic acid, which in polymerized form as poly-lactic acid is widely used as a biodegradable plastic, has been attracting world-wide attention. By genetic engineering we constructed a strain of the Crabtree-negative yeast Candida boidinii that efficiently produced a large amount of L-lactic acid. The alcohol fermentation pathway ...
Lampe Kyle J - - 2009
Biomaterials prepared from polyesters of lactic acid and glycolic acid, or a mixture of the two, degrade in the presence of water into the naturally occurring metabolites, lactic acid and glycolic acid. While the lactic acid degradation product that is released from biomaterials is well tolerated by the body, lactic ...
Xie Shuyu - - 2009
Our previous work demonstrated that lactic/glycolic acid copolymer (PLGA) was an efficient emulsifier for the primary w/o emulsion in the formulation of protein-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) by w/o/w double emulsion-solvent evaporation technique. In this work, the effect of PLGA composition on the emulsifying activity was studied with PLGA of ...
Wang Peng - - 2009
Low-energy ion beam irradiation (10-200 keV) has been proved to have a wide range of biological effects in recent years. When Rhizopus oryzae PW352 was irradiated with a 15-keV low-energy ion beam an L(+)-lactic acid high-yield mutant, RQ4015, was obtained. When 150 g/l glucose was used as the sole carbon ...
Xu Chuncheng - - 2009
The objective of this experiment was to determine the ensiling characteristics, nutrient composition and nutritive value of Chinese yam by-product (CYBP) silage treated without additive (Control), with lactic acid bacteria (LY), with dried beet pulp (BY), or with mixtures of lactic acid bacteria and dried beet pulp (LBY) for a ...
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