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Wang Limin - - 2010
Cassava is one of the most efficient and rich crops in terms of carbohydrate production, which is a tropical perennial plant that grows on poor or depleted soils. Microbial conversion of such a renewable raw material to useful products is an important objective in industrial biotechnology. l-Lactic acid was efficiently ...
Lee Woojin - - 2010
Antimicrobial activities of chitosan against lactic acid bacteria were studied to apply for controlling dongchimi (whole-radish juicy kimchi) fermentation to prevent over-ripening. Antimicrobial activity of chitosan against lactic acid bacteria such as Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum was assayed at 10, 20, 30, and 40 mg/L concentration in the medium. ...
Wojtczak M - - 2010
High-performance anion exchange chromatography (HPAEC) with conductometric detection was used for the determination of the lactic acid content of apple juice subjected to fermentation with the strains of Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum, obtained from a collection, at 20 and 30 degrees C. At the same time, lactate content was ...
Jiang Yujian - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Rosy vinegar is a well-known traditional Chinese product whose flavour is affected by its lactic acid content. In this study, Lactobacillus bacteria were employed to increase the content of lactic acid during the ethanol fermentation stage. RESULTS: The optimised fermentation parameters were determined as an inoculation amount of 3% ...
Pormsila Worapan - - 2010
The enantiomers of the anions of five alpha-hydroxy acids, namely lactic acid, alpha-hydroxybutyric acid, 2-hydroxycaproic acid, 2-hydroxyoctanoic acid and 2-hydroxydecanoic acid, as well as the two alpha-amino acids aspartic acid and glutamic acid, were baseline separated and detected by CE with contactless conductivity detection. Vancomycin was employed as chiral selector ...
Zhang Yong - - 2010
Substrate concentration in lactic acid fermentation broth could not be controlled well by traditional feeding methods, including constant, intermittent, and exponential feeding methods, in fed-batch experiments. A simple feedback feeding method based on pH was proposed to control pH and substrate concentration synchronously to enhance lactic acid production in fed-batch ...
Pessione Alessandro - - 2010
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are very ancient organisms that can't obtain metabolic energy by respiration without external heme supplementation. Since the gain in ATP from lactic fermentation is inadequate to support efficient growth, they developed alternative strategies for energy production. Three main energy generating routes are present in LAB: amino ...
Oshiro Mugihito - - 2010
In order to achieve high butanol production by Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4, the effect of lactic acid on acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation and several fed-batch cultures in which lactic acid is fed have been investigated. When a medium containing 20 g/l glucose was supplemented with 5 g/l of closely racemic lactic acid, both ...
Asano Ryoki - - 2010
An acidulocomposting system for the treatment of cattle manure with little emission of ammonia gas was developed, and the structure of its microbial community was investigated by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and clone library construction. An acidulocomposting apparatus (BC20, 20 L) was operated for 79 days to treat 2 ...
Yadav A K - - 2011
Lactic acid, an anaerobic product of glycolysis, can be theoretically produced by synthetic route; however, it is commercially produced by homo-fermentative batch mode of operations. Factors affecting its production and strategies improving it are considered while devising an optimized protocol. Although a hetero-fermentative mode of production exists, it is rarely ...
Li Qiang - - 2010
Initial oxygen aeration enabled Actinobacillus succinogenes 130Z(T) to be regarded as a novel type of lactic-acid-producing strain in subsequent anaerobic cultivation. Lactic acid production increased 32-fold, up to the final titers of 135.6+/-0.14 g L(-1) with an overall yield of 0.96+/-0.09 g g(-1) glucose and 2.94+/-0.03 g L(-1) h(-1) productivity. ...
Walton Sara L - - 2010
Bacillus coagulans MXL-9 was found capable of growing on pre-pulping hemicellulose extracts, utilizing all of the principle monosugars found in woody biomass. This organism is a moderate thermophile isolated from compost for its pentose-utilizing capabilities. It was found to have high tolerance for inhibitors such as acetic acid and sodium, ...
Pérez-Díaz I M - - 2010
Without the addition of preservative compounds cucumbers acidified with 150 mM acetic acid with pH adjusted to 3.5 typically undergo fermentation by lactic acid bacteria. Fumaric acid (20 mM) inhibited growth of Lactobacillus plantarum and the lactic acid bacteria present on fresh cucumbers, but spoilage then occurred due to growth ...
Fouad Ehab A - - 2010
An acetyl salicylic acid-caffeine complex was prepared and evaluated for the potential use in rectal administration. The results revealed the formation of a complex between acetyl salicylic acid and caffeine in a 1:1 molar ratio by a charge transfer mechanism. The effects of acetyl salicylic acid and complex on the ...
Zhang Wangang - - 2010
In recent years, much attention has been paid to develop meat and meat products with physiological functions to promote health conditions and prevent the risk of diseases. This review focuses on strategies to improve the functional value of meat and meat products. Value improvement can be realized by adding functional ...
Pescuma Micaela - - 2010
Whey protein concentrate (WPC) is employed as functional food ingredient because of its nutritional value and emulsifying properties. However, the major whey protein beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) is the main cause of milk allergy. The aim of this study was to formulate a fermented whey beverage using selected lactic acid bacteria and ...
Li Zheng - - 2010
In this study, a glucose feedback controller had been designed. Under the controller, the glucose concentration in L: -lactic acid culture could be automatically controlled at 15 +/- 1 g/L. Furthermore, L: -lactic acid production by Lactobacillus rhamnosus LA-04-1 in fed-batch culture was significantly increased to 170 g/L L: -lactic ...
Narváez-Zapata J A - - 2010
Mezcal is an alcoholic beverage obtained from the distillation of fermented juices of cooked Agave spp. plant stalks (agave must), and each region in Mexico with denomination of origin uses defined Agave species to prepare mezcal with unique organoleptic characteristics. During fermentation to produce mezcal in the state of Tamaulipas, ...
Zhao Bo - - 2010
A thermophilic Bacillus sp. strain 2-6 was used in completely open repeated batch fermentation for producing optically pure L-lactic acid. Up to 107 g l(-1) L-lactic acid of optical purity 99.8% was obtained with NaOH as pH regulator. Unexpectedly, accumulated cells did not necessarily lead to increased L-lactic acid production. ...
Yen Hong-Wei - - 2010
Based on the batch results, we constructed a simplified simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) model for the simulation of lactic acid production directly from unhydrolyzed potato starch using Lactobacillus amylophilus. The results of batch operation at different initial starch concentrations (20, 40 and 60 g/l) indicated that a higher initial starch ...
Zhao Bo - - 2010
D-lactic acid was produced by Sporolactobacillus sp. strain CASD in repeated batch fermentation with one- and two-reactor systems. The strain showed relatively high energy consumption in its growth-related metabolism in comparison with other lactic acid producers. When the fermentation was repeated with 10% (v/v) of previous culture to start a ...
Cheung H N B - - 2010
Factorial designs were employed to analyze the inhibitory effects of acetic, butyric, lactic, and propionic acids on composting microorganisms. Compost samples were withdrawn on different days of composting and treated with acids alone and in combination (at 0 and 0.5 mmol/g). Microorganisms were enumerated to determine degree of growth inhibition. ...
Saha Badal C - - 2010
Lactobacillus intermedius NRRL B-3693 produced mannitol, lactic acid, and acetic acid when grown on fructose at 37 degrees C. The optimal pH for mannitol production from fructose by the heterofermentative lactic acid bacterium (LAB) in pH-controlled fermentation was at pH 5.0. It produced 160.7 +/- 1.1 g mannitol in 40 ...
Pereira C I - - 2010
Model cheeses were manufactured according to a full factorial experimental design to help shed light on the individual and combined roles played by 3 native lactic acid bacteria (Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis, Lactobacillus brevis, and Lactobacillus plantarum) upon proteolysis and organic acid evolution in cheese. The model cheeses were manufactured ...
Rachoin Jean-Sebastien - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lactic acidosis (LA) is common in hospitalized patients and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. There have been major recent advances in our understanding of lactate generation and physiology. However, treatment of LA is an area of controversy and uncertainty, and the use of agents to raise pH is ...
Gerez C L - - 2010
Fungal spoilage is the main cause of economic loss in the baking industry. In this study, we developed a ready-to-use biopreserver (slurry [SL]) for nonsliced packed bread by using selected antifungal lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and low-cost ingredients that are compatible with the food matrix. Four LAB strains (Lactobacillus brevis ...
Rajkovic Andreja - - 2010
Quantitative risk assessment studies performed elsewhere showed the importance of reducing counts of Campylobacter jejuni on chicken carcasses for decrease of incidence of human campylobacteriosis. The current study indicated that 1.8 log CFU/g reduction of inoculated C. jejuni (6 log CFU/g) can be achieved by decontamination with lactic acid buffered ...
Kosugi Akihiko - - 2010
Old oil palm trunks that had been felled for replanting were found to contain large quantities of high glucose content sap. Notably, the sap in the inner part of the trunk accounted for more than 80% of the whole trunk weight. The glucose concentration of the sap from the inner ...
Lin Tingting - - 2010
We investigate the elastic properties of poly(lactic acid) crystals using a first-principles pseudopotential plane wave method within the generalized gradient approximation of the density functional theory. Stiffness and compliance matrices of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) alpha- and beta-forms, and the stereocomplex (sc) between PLLA and poly(D-lactic acid) (PDLA) (50:50) sc-form are ...
da Silva Eduardo Moreira - - 2011
This study investigated the diffusion kinetics of a nanofilled (Filtek Z350) and a midifill (Filtek P60) resin composite immersed in distilled water, artificial saliva and lactic acid. Resin composite specimens were desiccated, immersed in the media, weighed at suitable time intervals until they reached sorption equilibrium and were then desiccated ...
Wang Zhen - - 2010
A new support matrix inspired by honeycomb was developed for cell immobilization to control fungal morphology and enhance mass transfer in bioreactor for lactic acid production by Rhizopus oryzae. The immobilization matrix composed of asterisk-shaped fibrous matrices in a honeycomb configuration provided high surface areas for cell attachment and biofilm ...
Storton Mark - - 2010
Different hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) columns were screened for lactic acid separation in hand dishwashing liquid products and the influence of mobile phase strength, buffer concentration and column temperature on the retention of lactic acid on a Zorbax NH(2) column was investigated. An isocratic HILIC method for the quantitation of ...
Periasamy Saravanan - - 2010
Human dental biofilm communities comprise several species, which can interact cooperatively or competitively. Bacterial interactions influence biofilm formation, metabolic changes, and physiological function of the community. Lactic acid, a common metabolite of oral bacteria, was measured in the flow cell effluent of one-, two- and three-species communities growing on saliva ...
Yao Wanying - - 2010
Six levels of crude protein (0.21, 0.42, 0.84, 1.68, 2.52, and 3.36g/L) and six levels of protein hydrolysates from dairy manure, defined by degree of hydrolysis (DH, 6.9%, 17.2%, 25.9%, 33.8%, 36.1%, and 36.7%), were investigated as the nitrogen source for production of l-lactic acid by Rhizopus oryzae NRRL-395 with ...
Lu Zhengdong - - 2010
The use of hydrolyzed acorn starch as a novel carbon source for L(+)-lactic acid production was proposed. The effects of carbon-nitrogen ratio and growth factor on the fermentations were studied by single factor experiments. A lower carbon-nitrogen ratio could enhance L(+)-lactic acid production, and the expensive yeast extract could be ...
Skrivanová Eva - - 2010
The effect of caprylic acid, either in its pure form, or as Akomed R, on the microbial community of the stomach and caecum of farmed rabbits was investigated. This fatty acid, which is often added to the diet of farmed rabbits to reduce mortality rates was shown to reduce the ...
Gamella M - - 2010
Integrated amperometric biosensors for the determination of L-malic and L-lactic acids were developed by coimmobilization of the enzymes L-malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and diaphorase (DP), or L-lactate oxidase (LOX) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP), respectively, together with the redox mediator tetrathiafulvalene (TTF), on a 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) self-assembled monolayer (SAM)-modified gold electrode ...
Dagher Suzanne F - - 2010
Interest in natural cell immobilization or biofilms for lactic acid fermentation has developed considerably over the last few decades. Many studies report the benefits associated with biofilms as industrial methods for food production and for wastewater treatment, since the formation represents a protective means of microbial growth offering survival advantages ...
Xiao Min - - 2010
The composition and vertical profiles of low molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) and the contribution of them to dissolved organic matter (DOM) in sediment porewaters in Bosten Lake, Xinjiang, China were investigated. The results showed that total concentration of LMWOAs was up to 94.5 micromol/L and their proportion in DOM was ...
Jeong Jinwoo - - 2010
Flufenoxuron is a recently introduced insecticide. The compound is known to exert its insecticidal activity by inhibiting chitin synthesis in insects. However, its toxic effects on humans are unknown. A 72-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department by ambulance. The person accompanying her brought an empty 100-mL bottle of ...
Okano Kenji - - 2010
Lactic acid (LA) is an important and versatile chemical that can be produced from renewable resources such as biomass. LA is used in the food, pharmaceutical, and polymers industries and is produced by microorganism fermentation; however, most microorganisms cannot directly utilize biomass such as starchy materials and cellulose. Here, we ...
Ge Xiang-Yang - - 2010
Efficient L-lactic acid production from Jerusalem artichoke tubers by Lactobacillus casei G-02 using simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) in fed-batch culture is demonstrated. The kinetic analysis in the SSF signified that the inulinase activity was subjected to product inhibition, while the fermentation activity of G-02 was subjected to substrate inhibition. ...
Jeon In-Yup - - 2010
The feasibility of edge-functionalization of graphite was tested via the model reaction between pyrene and 4-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyloxy)benzamide (TMPBA) in poly(phosphoric acid) (PPA)/phosphorous pentoxide (P(2)O(5)) medium. The functionalization was confirmed by various characterization techniques. On the basis of the model study, the reaction condition could be extended to the edge-functionalization of graphite ...
Rossi Giorgia - - 2010
Since about three decades, Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be engineered to efficiently produce proteins and metabolites. Even recognizing that in baker's yeast one determining step for the glucose consumption rate is the sugar uptake, this fact has never been conceived to improve the metabolite(s) productivity.In this work we compared the ethanol ...
Gao Qiang - - 2010
The polyacrylic resin Amberlite IRA-67 is a promising adsorbent for lactic acid extraction from aqueous solution, but little systematic research has been devoted to the separation efficiency of lactic acid under different operating conditions. In this paper, we investigated the effects of temperature, resin dose and lactic acid loading concentration ...
Xiang Yiwen - - 2010
Lactic acid, a natural by-product of glycolysis, is produced at excess levels in response to impaired mitochondrial function, high-energy demand, and low oxygen availability. The enzyme involved in the production of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) of Alzheimer's disease, BACE1, functions optimally at lower pH, which led us to investigate a potential ...
Adil Sheikh S Department of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Kashmir, Alusteng 190006, - - 2010
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of dietary supplementation of organic acids on the performance, intestinal histomorphology, and blood biochemistry of broiler chicken. The birds in the control (T(1)) group were fed the basal diet whereas in other treatment groups basal diet was supplemented with 2% ...
Anderson Cynthia M CM Biological Sciences Department, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, CA 91768-4032, - - 2010
Since the cloning of the first γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter (GAT1; SLC6A1) from rat brain in 1990, more than 50 published studies have provided structure-function information on investigator-designed rat and mouse GAT1 mutants. To date, more than 200 of 599 GAT1 residues have been subjected to mutagenesis experiments by substitution ...
Joshi D S - - 2010
Three mutants, isolated by repeated UV mutagenesis of Lactobacillus lactis NCIM 2368, produced increased D: -lactic acid concentrations. These mutants were compared with the wild type using 100 g hydrolyzed cane sugar/l in the fermentation medium. One mutant, RM2-24, produced 81 g lactic acid/l which was over three times that ...
Yen Hong-Wei - - 2010
Rhizopus oryzae immobilized in calcium alginate was applied in lactic acid fermentation with unhydrolyzed raw sweet potato powders as the sole carbon source. The effects of sodium alginate concentration, calcium chloride concentration, and the immobilized bead diameter on lactic acid production were investigated. Increase in sodium alginate concentration during the ...
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