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Simmler Charlotte - - 2011
Eucomic acid [(2R)-2-(p-hydroxybenzyl)malic acid)] (1) and three new glucopyranosyloxybenzyl eucomate derivatives, vandaterosides I (2), II (3), and III (4), were isolated and identified from the stems of Vanda teres. Their cellular antiaging properties were evaluated in a human immortalized keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) by monitoring their effect on cytochrome c ...
Ting Chun-Chiang - - 2011
Well-ordered periodic mesoporous benzene-silicas functionalized with a high loading of pendant carboxylic acid groups (up to 60 mol% based on silica) have been successfully synthesized via co-condensation of 1,4-bis(triethoxysilyl)benzene and carboxyethylsilanetriol sodium salt using Pluronic P123 as a template and KCl as an additive.
Wu Pingfan - - 2011
We have demonstrated that a pentaerythritol-derivatized hexavanadate can be easily esterified with acid anhydrides using 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) as a catalyst, which provides a convenient method for the functionalization of polyoxometalates.
Davis J A - - 2011
Neurosensory cutaneous discomfort in response to topical products is common, yet the relationship between symptoms such as stinging and visible irritation is currently unclear. The presence of a polymorphism at position -308 on the TNF-α gene has been associated with skin irritation, i.e., erythema, dryness. Individuals with a G to ...
Servili M - - 2011
Functional milk beverages (FMB100 and FMB200) fortified with phenolic compounds (100 and 200mg/l) extracted from olive vegetable water, and fermented with γ-amino butyric acid (GABA)-producing (Lactobacillus plantarum C48) and autochthonous human gastro-intestinal (Lactobacillus paracasei 15N) lactic acid bacteria were manufactured. A milk beverage (MB), without addition of phenolic compounds, was ...
Kowsari M H - - 2011
Systematic molecular dynamics simulations are used to study the structure, dynamics and transport properties of the ionic liquids composed of the tetra-butylphosphonium ([TBP](+), or [P(C(4)H(9))(4)](+)) cation with six amino acid ([AA](-)) anions. The structural features of these ionic liquids were characterized by calculating the partial site-site radial distribution functions, g(r), ...
Evans James D JD Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2011
Retrotransposition amplifies LINE-1 (L1) to high copy number in mammalian genomes. The L1 protein encoded by ORF1 (ORF1p) is required for retrotransposition. This dependence on ORF1p was investigated by mutating three highly conserved residues, R238, R284 and Y318 to alanine, thereby inactivating retrotransposition. R284A and Y318A were rescued by further ...
Jacobs Christopher B CB Dept. of Chemistry, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400319, Charlottesville, VA 22904, - - 2011
The surface properties of carbon-based electrodes are critically important for the detection of biomolecules and can modulate electrostatic interactions, adsorption and electrocatalysis. Carbon nanotube (CNT) modified electrodes have previously been shown to have increased oxidative sensitivity and reduced overpotential for catecholamine neurotransmitters, but the effect of surface functionalities on these ...
Komai Hirotomo - - 2011
A Lewis acid catalyzed benzylic C-H bond functionalization of alkyl-substituted azaarenes is described. Sc(OTf)(3) and Y(OTf)(3) promoted the direct addition of alkyl-substituted azaarenes and benzoxazole to enones and an α,β-unsaturated N-acylpyrrole. Products were obtained in 60-96% yield.
Abdel-Rahman Mohamed Ali - - 2011
Effective utilisation of cellulosic biomasses for economical lactic acid production requires a microorganism with potential ability to utilise efficiently its major components, glucose and cellobiose. Amongst 631 strains isolated from different environmental samples, strain QU 25 produced high yields of l-(+)-lactic acid of high optical purity from cellobiose. The QU ...
Genin Emmanuelle C - - 2011
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in the ABCD1 gene, which encodes a peroxisomal member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter subfamily D called ALDP. ALDP is supposed to function as a homodimer allowing the entry of CoA-esters of very-long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) into the ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2011
The prevention of neural tube defects with periconceptional folic acid or folic acid-containing multivitamin supplementation is accepted by the scientific community; here the possible prevention of cardiovascular malformations is discussed. The aim of this presentation is to show the main findings of trials and studies that resulted in the prevention ...
Garg Neeraj K - - 2011
To evaluate the anti-apoptotic and radical scavenging activities of dietary phenolics, namely ascorbic acid,α-tocopherol acetate, citric acid, salicylic acid, and estimate H2O2-induced apoptosis in renal cell carcinoma cells. The intracellular antioxidant potency of antioxidants was investigated. H2O2-induced apoptosis in RCC-26 was assayed with the following parameters: cell viability (% apoptosis), ...
Alvarez M M - - 2010
Lactobacillus casei is a lactic acid bacterium (LAB) that colonizes diverse ecological niches and that has found broad commercial application. The aim of this study was to characterize the kinetics of biomass production, lactic acid production, and substrate consumption of Lactobacillus casei var. rhamnosus cultured in deproteinized milk whey. Batch ...
Nishiyabu Ryuhei - - 2011
Dynamic covalent functionality has been acknowledged as a powerful tool for the construction of organised architectures, the reversible nature thermodynamically facilitates self-control and self-correction. The use of boronic acids complexation with diols and their congeners has already shown great promise in realising and developing reversible boron-containing multicomponent systems with dynamic ...
Birdsong William T - - 2010
Ischemic pain--examples include the chest pain of a heart attack and the leg pain of a 30 s sprint--occurs when muscle gets too little oxygen for its metabolic need. Lactic acid cannot act alone to trigger ischemic pain because the pH change is so small. Here, we show that another ...
Yu Chao - - 2011
Confronted with the gradual and inescapable exhaustion of the earth's fossil energy resources, the bio-based process to produce platform chemicals from renewable carbohydrates is attracting growing interest. Escherichia coli has been chosen as a workhouse for the production of many valuable chemicals due to its clear genetic background, convenient to ...
Milesi M M - - 2010
The contribution to flavor generation and secondary proteolysis of 2 strains of mesophilic lactobacilli isolated from cheese was studied. Miniature soft cheeses (200 g) were produced with or without the inclusion of a culture of Lactobacillus plantarum I91 or Lactobacillus casei I90 in the starter composed of Streptococcus thermophilus. During ...
Pang Xuan - - 2010
Polylactide (PLA) is a biodegradable, aliphatic polyester derived from lactic acid. It has similar mechanical properties to polyethylene terephthalate, but has a significantly lower maximum continuous use temperature. PLA products can be recycled after use either by remelting and processing the material a second time or by hydrolyzing to lactic ...
Zheng Yi - - 2011
Ensiling was investigated for the long-term storage of Sugar Beet Pulp (SBP). Eight strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and a non-inoculated control were screened based on their ability to rapidly reduce pH, produce a large amount of lactic acid and inhibit undesirable fermentations. Lactobacillus brevis B-1836 (LAB #120), Lactobacillus ...
Shirazinejad Alireza - - 2010
Abstract Fresh raw shrimps were dipped for 10, 20, and 30 min at room temperature (25°C ± 1°C) in lactic acid (LA; 1.5%, 3.0%, v/v) to evaluate their antipathogenic effects against Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Salmonella entreitidis, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 inoculated at a level of 10(5) CFU/g. Significant reductions in the population ...
Tonner Ralf - - 2011
There are many different hypotheses on the origin of biomolecular homochirality. One possible scenario concerns the enantiomeric enrichment of a nearly racemic solid via self-disproportionation of enantiomers. In particular, in a recent paper Soloshonok and co-workers showed a first example of optical self-purification of α-(trifluoromethyl)lactic acid by sublimation [V. A. ...
Karp Susan G - - 2011
Lactic acid is a product that finds several applications in food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and chemical industries. The main objective of this work was the development of a bioprocess to produce L(+)-lactic acid using soybean vinasse as substrate. Among ten strains, Lactobacillus agilis LPB 56 was selected for fermentation, due to ...
Takahashi N - - 2011
Dental biofilms produce acids from carbohydrates that result in caries. According to the extended caries ecological hypothesis, the caries process consists of 3 reversible stages. The microflora on clinically sound enamel surfaces contains mainly non-mutans streptococci and Actinomyces, in which acidification is mild and infrequent. This is compatible with equilibrium ...
Hanstock T L - - 2010
d-Lactic acidosis is associated with memory impairment in humans. Recent research indicates that d-lactic acid may inhibit the supply of energy from astrocytes to neurons involved with memory formation. However, little is known about the effects of increased hind-gut fermentation due to changes in diet on circulating lactic acid concentrations ...
Ingham Steven C - - 2010
We compared the survival of potential pathogen surrogates-meat-hygiene indicators (non-Escherichia coli coliforms), biotype I E. coli, and lactic acid bacteria starter cultures-with survival of an E. coli O157:H7 (ECO157:H7) inoculum in beef carcass intervention trials. Survival of one lactic acid bacteria starter culture (Bactoferm LHP Dry [Pediococcus acidilactici and Pediococcus ...
Di Criscio T - - 2010
In this work, 3 types of ice cream were produced: a probiotic ice cream produced by adding potentially probiotic microorganisms such as Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus rhamnosus; a prebiotic ice cream produced by adding inulin, a prebiotic substrate; and a synbiotic ice cream produced by adding probiotic microorganisms and inulin ...
Zhang Shiping - - 2011
The effect of Zn, Ni and activated carbon on the yield of lactic acid from cellulose was investigated to improve the lactic acid yield under alkaline hydrothermal conditions. The results showed that the lactic acid yield increased greatly in the presence of Zn, Ni and activated carbon. Central composite response ...
Imran ul-haq Muhammad - - 2010
The present contribution investigates whether it is possible to form stable amorphous particles of ketoprofen-poly(lactic acid), naproxen-poly(lactic acid), and indomethacin-poly(lactic acid). Amorphization and micronization of these poorly water-soluble drugs offer a combined way to improve the solubility and enhance the dissolution rate. The particles were formed by pulsed rapid expansion ...
Ge Xiang-Yang - - 2011
L-Lactic acid production by Lactobacillus casei was used as a model to study the mechanism of substrate inhibition and the strategy for enhancing L-lactic acid production. It was found that the concentration of cell growth and L-lactate decreased with the increase of glucose concentration and fermentation temperature. To enhance the ...
Wu Xuefeng - - 2011
Semicontinuous fermentation using pellets of Rhizopus oryzae has been recognized as a promising technology for L: -lactic acid production. In this work, semicontinuous fermentation of R. oryzae AS 3.819 for L: -lactic acid production has been developed with high L: -lactic acid yield and volumetric productivity. The effects of factors such as ...
Rode Tone Mari - - 2010
Staphylococcus aureus is an important food poisoning bacterium. In food preservation, acidification is a well-known method. Permeant weak organic acids, like lactic and acetic acids, are known to be more effective against bacteria than inorganic strong acids (e.g., HCl). Growth experiments and metabolic and transcriptional analyses were used to determine ...
Wei Liujing - - 2010
Although Gluconobacter oxydans can convert 1,2-propanediol to D: -(-)-lactic acid, the enzyme(s) responsible for the conversion has remain unknown. In this study, the membrane-bound alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) of Gluconobacter oxydans DSM 2003 was purified and confirmed to be essential for the process of D: -(-)-lactic acid production by gene knockout ...
Sachdeva Silonie - - 2010
Chemical peeling with both alpha and beta hydroxy acids has been used to improve acne scarring with pigmentation. Lactic acid, a mild alpha hydroxy acid, has been used in the treatment of various dermatological indications but no study is reported in acne scarring with pigmentation. To evaluate the efficacy and ...
Coelho Luciana Fontes - - 2010
L(+)-Lactic acid is used in the pharmaceutical, textile and food industries as well as in the synthesis of biodegradable plastics. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different medium components added in cassava wastewater for the production of L(+)-lactic acid by Lactobacillus rhamnosus B 103. The ...
Wang C - - 2010
To characterize the bacterial communities in commercial total mixed ration (TMR) silage, which is known to have a long bunk life after silo opening. Samples were collected from four factories that produce TMR silage according to their own recipes. Three factories were sampled three times at 1-month intervals during the ...
Novotni Dubravka - - 2011
Different lactic acid bacteria starters were used to prepare sourdough to make partially-baked frozen wholemeal wheat bread. The sourdough was prepared with a pure culture of Lactobacillus plantarum or with commercial starters containing Lactobacillus brevis combined with Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. chevalieri (LV4), Lactobacillus fermentum (PL1), or Lactobacillus fermentum with phytase ...
Chotisubha-anandha Nawakorn - - 2011
Rhizopus oryzae was immobilized on a cotton matrix in a static bed bioreactor. Compared with free cells in a stirred tank bioreactor, immobilized R. oryzae in this bioreactor gave higher lactic acid production but lower ethanol production. The highest lactic acid production rate (2.09 g/L h) with the final concentration ...
Aslan Seyma - - 2010
Biomaterials that inactivate microbes are needed to eliminate medical device infections. We investigate here the antimicrobial nature of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) incorporated within the biomedical polymer poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA). We find Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis viability and metabolic activity to be significantly diminished in the presence of SWNT-PLGA, ...
Trani Antonio - - 2010
Ciauscolo is a short-ripened fermented sausage manufactured in the Marche region (central Italy) that has recently received a protected geographical indication product classification (PGI). The aim of this study was the exploration of the biochemical traits of this traditional Italian salami, with a special focus on protein and lipid composition. ...
Gerez C L - - 2010
The effect of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) on pathogenic fungi was evaluated and the metabolites involved in the antifungal effect were characterized. Penicillium digitatum (INTA 1 to INTA 7) and Geotrichum citri-aurantii (INTA 8) isolated from decayed lemon from commercial packinghouses were treated with imazalil and guazatine to obtain strains ...
Ayyash Mutamed M - - 2010
The effect of partial substitution of NaCl with KCl on chemical composition, lactic bacterial count, and organic acids profile of Halloumi cheese was investigated. Halloumi cheeses were made and kept in 4 different brine solutions at 18% including NaCl only (HA), 3NaCl : 1KCl (HB), 1NaCl : 1KCl (HC), and ...
Albenzio M - - 2010
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of lamb rennet paste containing probiotic strains on proteolysis, lipolysis, and glycolysis of ovine cheese manufactured with starter cultures. Cheeses included control cheese made with rennet paste, cheese made with rennet paste containing Lactobacillus acidophilus culture (LA-5), and cheese made with rennet ...
Andújar-Ortiz Inmaculada - - 2010
The role of specific components from inactive dry yeast preparations widely used in winemaking on the growth of three representative wine lactic acid bacteria (Oenococcus oeni, Lactobacillus hilgardii and Pediococcus pentosaceus) has been studied. A pressure liquid extraction technique using solvents of different polarity was employed to obtain extracts with ...
Zhang Yong - - 2011
Lactic acid production by repeated fed-batch fermentation using free and immobilized cells of Lactobacillus lactis-11 in a packed bed-stirred fermentor (PBSF) system filled with different support materials including ceramic beads, macro-activated carbon cylinders and glass fiber balls was investigated. The results showed that the optimal support materials were the ceramic ...
Guo Yang - - 2010
The aim of this study is to investigate production of L-lactic acid from sucrose and corncob hydrolysate by the newly isolated R. oryzae GY18. R. oryzae GY18 was capable of utilizing sucrose as a sole source, producing 97.5 g l(-1) L-lactic acid from 120 g l(-1) sucrose. In addition, the ...
Takami Kimiaki - - 2010
We designed and synthesized water-soluble biocompatible and biodegradable polymers composed of 2-methacryroyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine and oligo(L- or D-lactic acid) macromonomers to develop an injectable hydrogel matrix. Aqueous solutions containing the polymers with oligo(L-lactic acid) (OLLA) and oligo(D-lactic acid) (ODLA) chains underwent spontaneous gelation when mixed together. This was due to the ...
Wang Limin - - 2010
Lignocellulosic biomass-derived sugars are considered nowadays to be an economically attractive carbohydrate feedstock for large-scale fermentations of bulk chemicals such as lactic acid. In the present study, corncob molasses containing a high content of xylose, which is one of the lignocellulosic biomasses and a waste by-product from xylitol production, was ...
Wang Limin - - 2010
Cassava is one of the most efficient and rich crops in terms of carbohydrate production, which is a tropical perennial plant that grows on poor or depleted soils. Microbial conversion of such a renewable raw material to useful products is an important objective in industrial biotechnology. l-Lactic acid was efficiently ...
Lee Woojin - - 2010
Antimicrobial activities of chitosan against lactic acid bacteria were studied to apply for controlling dongchimi (whole-radish juicy kimchi) fermentation to prevent over-ripening. Antimicrobial activity of chitosan against lactic acid bacteria such as Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum was assayed at 10, 20, 30, and 40 mg/L concentration in the medium. ...
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