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Results 501 - 550 of 1839
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Gaus K - - 2006
UV-resonance Raman spectroscopy is applied as a method for the identification of lactic acid bacteria from yogurt. Eight different strains of bacteria from Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus, and Streptococcus thermophilus were investigated. At an excitation wavelength of 244 nm signals from nucleic acids and proteins are selectively enhanced. ...
Frengova Ginka I - - 2006
The underlying method for obtaining a beta-carotene-rich carotenoid-protein preparation and exopolysaccharides is the associated cultivation of the carotenoid-synthesizing lactose-negative yeast strain Rhodotorula rubra GED8 with the yogurt starter culture (Lactobacillus bulgaricus 2-11 + Streptococcus thermophilus 15HA) in whey ultrafiltrate (45 g lactose/l) with a maximum carotenoid yield of 13.37 mg/l ...
Avenoza Alberto - - 2006
Quantitative NMR can be used to monitor several processes that take place in the transformation of the must of wine grapes. The study described here focused attention on monitoring of the malic and lactic acid levels during the alcoholic and malolactic fermentation processes. The method allows the simultaneous quantification of ...
Bongaerts Ger P A - - 2007
Enormous amounts of lactic acid are produced during endurance sport by muscle cells. This metabolite is thought responsible for the muscle pain and the fatigue during sport. Its internal removal from the body by enzymatic conversion depends mainly on the capacity of the hepatic gluconeogenesis that converts lactic acid to ...
Ganguly Ruma - - 2007
Lactic acid production by Rhizopus oryzae RBU2-10 immobilized in loofa sponge was evaluated. Shape and texture of loofa sponge, which was obtained from the mature dried fruit of Luffa cylindrica, remained intact after its treatment with buffers of varying pH and following its repeated autoclaving for up to four cycles ...
Cheeti Sravanthi - - 2006
This study was aimed to identify the monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) in HeLa cells and to delineate their role in transportation of L-lactic acid. The functional role of MCTs in lactic acid transport was evaluated at various mucosal pHs (4.5-7.4) or in the presence of various loading doses (0.2-2mM) of lactic ...
Hirakura Yutaka - - 2006
Recently, the number of drug substances that are poorly water-soluble has increased dramatically. This makes improving solubility one of the most critical tasks in pharmaceutical development today. In this study, the physicochemical stability of an injectable solution of conivaptan hydrochloride salt was investigated. Because its free form is hydrophobic, the ...
da Silva Santos Noemia Pereira - - 2006
Despite the recognised antiproliferative and antitumour properties of usnic acid, its therapeutic application has yet to be introduced. In fact, the high hepatotoxicity and low water solubility of usnic acid have somewhat restricted its practical use in anticancer therapy. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the antitumour ...
Modi Sweta - - 2006
Pharmaceutical grade D,L-lactic acid, which is rather an economic source in comparison to lactide monomer, was utilized for synthesis of a series of copolymers with sebacic acid. Polymers were characterized by GPC, FTIR, NMR and DSC techniques, and formulated into blank and methotrexate (MTX) loaded microspheres by emulsion-solvent evaporation method. ...
Sanz María Luz - - 2006
Gentiooligosaccharides and alternansucrase gentiobiose acceptor products were fractionated by their degree of polymerization (DP) on a Bio-Gel P2 column. Fractions were characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectroscopy, and incubated with human faecal bacteria under anaerobic conditions at 37 degrees C. The growth of predominant gut bacteria on ...
Slivniak Raia - - 2006
A systematic study on the degradation and drug release from L-lactic acid and ricinoleic-acid-based copolyesters is reported. These copolyesters were synthesized by ring opening polymerization (ROP), melt condensation (COND) and transesterification (TRANS) of high molecular weight poly(lactic acid) (PLA) with ricinoleic acid (PLA-RA), and repolymerization by condensation to yield random ...
Shen Xueliang - - 2006
The hydrolysis process on corncob residue was catalyzed synergetically by the cellulase from Trichoderma reesei and the immobilized cellobiase. The feedback inhibition to cellulase reaction caused by the accumulation of cellobiose was eliminated efficiently. The hydrolysis yield of corncob residue was 82.5%, and the percentage of glucose in the reducing ...
De Keersmaecker Sigrid C J - - 2006
Spent culture supernatant (SCS) of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG had been reported to exert antibacterial activity against Salmonella typhimurium. However, the chemical identity of the antimicrobial compound(s) responsible remained unknown. A survey of the antimicrobial compounds produced by L. rhamnosus GG was performed. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG produced a low-molecular ...
Vesterlund Satu - - 2006
There is increasing evidence that Staphylococcus aureus may colonize the intestinal tract, especially among hospitalized patients. As Staph. aureus has been found to be associated with certain gastrointestinal diseases, it has become important to study whether this bacterium can colonize the intestinal tract and if so, whether it is possible ...
Arroyo López F N - - 2006
The effect of potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, and ozone in combination with citric, lactic, and acetic acids on the microbial population of seasoned table olives of the olive 'Aloreña' cultivar was studied in both fresh (FF) and stored fruits (SF). The inactivation/growth curves were modeled and the biological parameters estimated, ...
Sakai Kenji - - 2006
In the production of commercially useful poly-L-lactic acid plastic from biomass wastes, a feasible fermentation process to produce optically active L-lactic acid would be required. Here, model kitchen refuse (MKR) was inoculated with Bacillus coagulans NBRC12583 under nonsterilized openculture conditions. At temperatures below 45 degrees C, a racemic mixture of ...
Palmer Robert J RJ - - 2006
Streptococci are the primary component of the multispecies oral biofilm known as supragingival dental plaque; they grow by fermentation of sugars to organic acids, e.g., lactic acid. Veillonellae, a ubiquitous component of early plaque, are unable to use sugars; they ferment organic acids, such as lactate, to a mixture of ...
Timbuntam Walaiporn - - 2006
A newly isolated sucrose-tolerant, lactic acid bacterium, Lactobacillus sp. strain FCP2, was grown on sugar-cane juice (125 g sucrose l(-1), 8 g glucose l(-1) and 6 g fructose l(-1)) for 5 days and produced 104 g lactic acid l(-1) with 90% yield. A higher yield (96%) and productivity (2.8 g ...
Adányi Nóra - - 2006
Electrochemical optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy (EC-OWLS) has been developed to combine evanescent-field optical sensing with electrochemical control of surface adsorption processes. For bioanalytical sensing, a layer of indium tin oxide (ITO) served as both a high-refractive index waveguide and a conductive electrode. In addition, an electrochemical flow-through fluid cuvette was ...
Githui Elijah K - - 2006
While in medium containing glucose, schistosomes exhibit homolactic fermentation. Accumulation of lactate acid in tissue fluid causes lowering of pH and a resultant inhibition of metabolic pathways. This requires lactate transporter protein in homolactic fermentors to facilitate the translocation of lactate(-) and [H(+)] across their plasma membrane. The ex-vivo experiment ...
Taranto María Pía - - 2006
Lactic acid bacteria and other species dwelling in the gut must be tolerant to bile salts. This study sought to determine the effects of the bile salts taurodeoxycholate (TDCA) and deoxycholate (DCA) on Lactobacillus reuteri CRL 1098, a strain of likely probiotic value. When compared to other lactobacilli, L. reuteri ...
Ishida Nobuhiro - - 2006
A plant- and crop-based renewable plastic, poly-lactic acid (PLA), is receiving attention as a new material for a sustainable society in place of petroleum-based plastics. We constructed a metabolically engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae that has both pyruvate decarboxylase genes (PDC1 and PDC5) disrupted in the genetic background to express two copies ...
Candan Mehmet - - 2006
The antimicrobial activity of the diethyl ether, acetone, chloroform, petroleum ether, and ethanol extracts of the lichen Xanthoparmelia pokornyi and its gyrophoric acid and stenosporic acid constituents has been screened against some foodborne bacteria and fungi. Both the extracts and the acids showed antimicrobial activity against Aeromonas hydrophila, Bacillus cereus, ...
Kourkoutas Y - - 2006
Lactobacillus casei cells were immobilized on fruit (apple and pear) pieces and the immobilized biocatalysts were used separately as adjuncts in probiotic cheese making. In parallel, cheese with free L. casei cells and cheese only from renneted milk were prepared. The produced cheeses were ripened at 4 to 6 degrees ...
Capita Rosa - - 2006
Microbial counts, pH, and titratable acidity were determined in 102 Spanish dry fermented sausages (chorizo and salchichón) made with ostrich, deer, or pork meat. Average microbial counts (log CFU per gram) varied from 5.46 +/- 0.24 to 8.25 +/- 0.80 (total viable counts), from 4.79 +/- 0.36 to 7.99 +/- ...
Seletzky Juri M - - 2006
Respiration measurement in shake flasks is introduced as a new method to characterize the metabolic activity of microorganisms during and after stress exposure. The major advantage of the new method is the possibility to determine the metabolic activity independent of manual sampling without the necessity to change the culture vessel ...
Savijoki Kirsi - - 2006
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have a very long history of use in the manufacturing processes of fermented foods and a great deal of effort was made to investigate and manipulate the role of LAB in these processes. Today, the diverse group of LAB includes species that are among the best-studied ...
Kobayashi Masaki - - 2006
Human MCT4 (SLC16A3) is responsible for the efflux of L-lactic acid from skeletal muscle cells and is essential for muscle homeostasis. However, the effects of monocarboxylate drugs, such as statins on the MCT4-mediated transport of L-lactic acid have not been elucidated. Inhibition of L-lactic acid transport mediated by MCT4 might ...
Panagou Efstathios Z - - 2006
The effect of different initial brining conditions on the spontaneous fermentation of cv. Conservolea green olives was studied. The different treatments included: (a) brine acidification with 2 per thousand (v/v) lactic acid (control), (b) addition of 25 per thousand (v/v) 1n HCl (c) substitution of the initial brine by 20% ...
Zhao Tong - - 2006
Eight chemicals, including glycerol monolaurate, hydrogen peroxide, acetic acid, lactic acid, sodium benzoate, sodium chlorate, sodium carbonate, and sodium hydroxide, were tested individually or in combination for their ability to inactivate Campylobacter jejuni at 4 degrees C in suspension. Results showed that treatment for up to 20 min with 0.01% ...
Gerardu Véronique - - 2006
Clinpro Cario L-Pop (CCLP) is a semiquantitive test claimed to determine the general potential for caries development and to monitor the individual caries risk. This test translates the capacity of the tongue microflora to produce lactic acid into a score of 1-9, indicating a low, medium or high risk for ...
Bae S - - 2006
AIMS: The detection and isolation of lactic acid bacteria by enrichment methods from wine grapes cultivated in vineyards located in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Enrichment cultures in de Man, Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) broth, MRS + ethanol (5%), MRS broth supplemented with 15% (v/v) tomato juice (MRST), ...
Guse C - - 2006
The aim of this study was to develop programmable implants with a reproducible delayed onset of release followed by several weeks of controlled release. For this purpose, a drug-loaded core was embedded into a drug-free bulk-eroding poly(D,L lactic-co-glycolic acid) or poly(D,L lactic acid) mantle. The manufacturing procedure was established and ...
Altaf Md - - 2007
L(+) Lactic acid fermentation was studied by Lactobacillus amylophilus GV6 under the influence of inexpensive nitrogen sources (red lentil-RL, and Baker's yeast cells-YC) and starch by response surface methodology (RSM). Central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was employed to determine maximum lactic acid production at optimum values for process variables RL, ...
Ohkouchi Yumiko - - 2007
Lactic acid production from several organic wastes that had different chemical compositions was examined, and the factors strongly impacting yield were determined. The bioconversion of sugars to lactic acid was affected by the ratio of total sugars to total nitrogen content (the TS/N ratio), and was improved by nitrogen supplementation ...
Copoví A - - 2006
The percutaneous penetration-enhancing effects of glycolic acid, lactic acid and sodium lauryl sulphate through the human epidermis was investigated using 5-fluorouracil as a hydrophilic model permeant and three compounds belonging to the phenylalcohols: 2-phenyl-ethanol, 4-phenyl-butanol and 5-phenyl-pentanol. The lipophilicity values of the compounds ranged from log Poct -0.95 to 2.89. ...
Geornaras Ifigenia - - 2006
This study evaluated post-processing chemical solutions for their antilisterial effects on commercial smoked sausage formulated with or without 1.5% potassium lactate plus 0.05% sodium diacetate, and contaminated (approximately 3-4 log cfu/cm(2)) with 10-strain composite Listeria monocytogenes inocula prepared under various conditions. Inoculated samples were left untreated, or were immersed (2 ...
Maas Ronald H W - - 2006
Lignocellulosic biomass is considered nowadays to be an economically attractive carbohydrate feedstock for large-scale fermentation of bulk chemicals such as lactic acid. The filamentous fungus Rhizopus oryzae is able to grow in mineral medium with glucose as sole carbon source and to produce optically pure L(+)-lactic acid. Less is known ...
Bujalance Carmen - - 2006
The quantification of exogenous lactobacilli in faecal samples is frequently required for the evaluation of the intestinal colonization by probiotic bacteria. In this study, a selective and differential medium, designated LPSM, was developed for the culture of exogenous Lactobacillus plantarum. In quantitative assays, LPSM showed a sensitivity similar to those ...
Vázquez J A - - 2006
Lactic acid bacteria, the object of current interest as bacteriocin producers, are microorganisms with complex requirements for peptidic sources, making them appropriate indicators for testing the suitability of formulations based on proteinaceous wastes for use as microbiological media. Different peptones obtained from visceral and fish muscle residues promoted growth of ...
Wardani Agustin K - - 2006
In symbiotic processes, different organisms coexist stably and interact by sharing the same metabolites and environmental conditions. The robustness of a symbiotic nisin production process system composed of the lactic acid bacterium Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (ATCC11454) and dairy yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus (MS1) was studied. It was found that this ...
Kim Hyang-Ok - - 2006
The fermentative production of lactic acid from cheese whey and corn steep liquor (CSL) as cheap raw materials was investigated by using Lactobacillus sp. RKY2 in order to develop a cost-effective fermentation medium. Lactic acid yields based on consumed lactose were obtained at more than 0.98 g/g from the medium ...
Ishida Nobuhiro - - 2006
We developed a metabolically engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which produces optically pure L-lactic acid efficiently using cane juice-based medium. In this recombinant, the coding region of pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC)1 was completely deleted, and six copies of the bovine L-lactate dehydrogenase (L-LDH) genes were introduced on the genome under the control of ...
Pierre Pascale M - - 2006
Alfalfa seeds were inoculated with a three-strain cocktail of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104, or Listeria monocytogenes by immersion to contain approximately 6 to 8 log CFU/g and then treated with a fatty acid-based sanitizer containing 250 ppm of peroxyacid, 1,000 ppm of caprylic and ...
Pirozzi Domenico - - 2006
The alpha-hydroxy esters are increasingly employed in cosmetic, food, and pharmaceutical formulations as they determine reduced skin-irritant effects in comparison with the respective acids, offering similar hygroscopic, emulsifying, and exfoliating properties. The enzymatic synthesis of lactate esters in nonaqueous systems was studied as regards the influence of the critical process ...
Liu Yan - - 2006
Lactic acid is used as a food additive for flavor and preservation and a precursor in the development of poly-lactic acid, a product used to make biodegradable plastics and textiles. Rhizopus oryzae NRRL 395 is known to be a strain that produces optically pure L-(+)-lactic acid. The morphology of Rhizopus ...
Adrogué H J - - 2006
Derangements in the intermediate metabolism of nutrients can lead to organic acid acidoses, which in turn can have severe clinical consequences that include even the patient's death. Lactic acidosis and ketoacidosis represent the most relevant clinical forms of this type of metabolic acidosis. Assessment and proper management of the organic ...
Graves Tara - - 2006
The effects of lactic and acetic acids on ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in corn mash, as influenced by pH and dissolved solids concentration, were examined. The lactic and acetic acid concentrations utilized were 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0% w/v, and 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8 and 1.6% ...
Turner Mark S - - 2007
The expression and secretion signals of the Sep protein from Lactobacillus fermentum BR11 were used to direct export of two peptidoglycan hydrolases by Lb. fermentum BR11, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 14917 and Lactococcus lactis MG1363. The production levels, hydrolytic and bacteriocidal activities of the Listeria monocytogenes bacteriophage N-acetylmuramoyl-l-alanine ...
Surdeau N - - 2006
The effective concentrations of disinfectants were determined for planktonic bacteria using the norms EN 1040 and NF T 72-150. This concentration corresponds to biocide efficacy after 5 min of contact, followed by neutralization. However, micro-organisms often colonize a substratum and form microcolonies or biofilms where they are enclosed in exopolymer ...
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