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Results 451 - 500 of 1839
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Liao Xia - - 2006
This paper reports on specific open and interconnected CO(2) foams of poly(L-lactic acid). The effect of varying gas concentration and hence physical changes induced by CO(2) has been investigated and thus used to generate specific structures. The developed morphologies have a skin core structure with larger pores in the core ...
Dinopoulos A - - 2006
We present a case of infantile-onset Alexander disease (AD) with a novel glial fibrillary acidic protein mutation but without clinical evidence of neurologic deterioration. Brain MRI studies showed typical AD findings and increasing size of frontal cavitations. Serial proton MR spectroscopy demonstrated high levels of myo-inositol and lactic acid and ...
Ralston James P - - 2006
We present a case of a 40-year-old woman with a history of a wide local excision for a melanoma and subsequent postoperative soft tissue loss who was successfully treated with injectable poly-L-lactic acid (Sculptra). After only one treatment with the filler agent, the treated area showed significant volume enhancement and ...
Bengmark Stig - - 2006
Increasing evidence suggests that two factors significantly influence outcome in a surgical emergency - premorbid health and the degree of inflammation during the first 24 h following trauma. Repeat observations suggest that the depth of post-trauma immunoparalysis reflects the height of early inflammatory response. Administration to surgical emergencies, as was ...
Graves Tara - - 2007
The combined effects of lactic acid and acetic acid on ethanol production by S. cerevisiae in corn mash, as influenced by temperature, were examined. Duplicate full factorial experiments (three lactic acid concentrations x three acetic acid concentrations) were performed to evaluate the interaction between lactic and acetic acids on the ...
Hickey Dara K - - 2006
To assess the contribution of starter lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to lipolysis in Cheddar cheese, the evolution of free fatty acids (FFAs) was monitored in Cheddar cheeses manufactured from pasteurized milks with or without starter. Starter-free cheeses were acidified by a combination of lactic acid and glucono-delta-lactone. Starter cultures were ...
Gerardu V A M - - 2007
Previous work showed that a single application of 40% chlorhexidine varnish, EC40, reduced plaque acidogenicity upon sucrose challenge during less than 3 weeks. It was questioned whether lactic acid production could be reduced significantly longer when the treatment was intensified. Therefore, the effects of three consecutive EC40 applications on plaque ...
Venkatesh C - - 2007
Lactic acid content was found to vary among the different proglottid types of the parasite. This higher amount of lactic acid might be considered as the end product of anaerobic metabolism. The pyruvic acid level of the parasitic proglottides remained lower than lactate level. The intermediary carbohydrate metabolites, viz. lactate, ...
Panesar P S - - 2007
Lactic acid is a versatile organic acid, which finds major application in the food, pharmaceuticals, and chemical industries. Microbial fermentation has the advantage that by choosing a strain of lactic acid bacteria producing only one of the isomers, an optically pure product can be obtained. The production of L: (+) ...
Rivas Beatriz - - 2006
The recovery of tartaric acid (TA) from distilled vinification lees coming from the white and red winemaking technology was optimized using response surface methodology and Statistica 5.0 software. The sequential treatment of dissolving TA and further calcium tartrate (CaT) precipitation could be used to recover up to 92.4% of the ...
Behr Jürgen - - 2006
Resistance to hops is a prerequisite for lactic acid bacteria to spoil beer. In this study we analyzed mechanisms of hop resistance of Lactobacillus brevis at the metabolism, membrane physiology, and cell wall composition levels. The beer-spoiling organism L. brevis TMW 1.465 was adapted to high concentrations of hop compounds ...
Osaka Issey - - 2006
Linear and cyclic polylactic acids (PLAs) were characterized using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) as part of our ongoing investigation of the hydrolysis mechanism of biodegradable polymers. The condensation oligomers of linear polylactic acid (LPLA) were synthesized by thermal dehydration of L-lactic acid. The trimer and tetramer base polymers of ...
Leonard Aimee L - - 2006
Poly-L-lactic acid is a biodegradable synthetic polymer used in an injectable form for subcutaneous volume restoration. Volumetric correction following subcutaneous and deep dermal injection of poly-L-lactic acid is thought to occur through a foreign body tissue response leading to increased production of fibroblasts and subsequent neocollagenesis. Despite the growing popularity ...
Batdorj B - - 2006
AIMS: The aim of this study was to isolate and identify bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) issued from Mongolian airag (traditional fermented mare's milk), and to purify and characterize bacteriocins produced by these LAB. METHODS AND RESULTS: Identification of the bacteria (Enterococcus durans) was carried out on the basis of ...
López F N A - - 2006
AIMS: To study the effects of temperature, NaCl and acid (HCl, citric, acetic and lactic) concentrations on the specific growth rate (mu), lag phase (lambda), and h0 of Lactobacillus pentosus IGLAC01. METHODS AND RESULTS: Response surface (RS) methodology (D-optimal design) was used with a dummy variable, to account for the ...
Kleinschmit D H - - 2006
The results of adding Lactobacillus buchneri to silages from 43 experiments in 23 sources reporting standard errors were summarized using meta-analysis. The effects of inoculation were summarized by type of crop (corn or grass and small grains) and the treatments were classified into the following categories: 1) untreated silage with ...
Suck Roland - - 2006
Recombinant production in bacteria of soluble and monomeric Phl p 1, a major allergen of Timothy grass pollen, has proved to be very problematic. In order to facilitate expression and purification of this allergen, a recombinant variant was designed with a single amino acid substitution. Several comparative analyses with natural ...
Jackson Donald C - - 2007
Freshwater turtles as a group are more resistant to anoxia than other vertebrates, but some species, such as painted turtles, for reasons not fully understood, can remain anoxic at winter temperatures far longer than others. Because buffering of lactic acid by the shell of the painted turtle is crucial to ...
Murphy J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) is a widely used industrial preservative commonly found in children's drinks. In this paper we examined the effect of SHMP incorporated into children's drinks on acid production by the oral biofilm by monitoring salivary concentrations of lactic acid. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Twelve healthy adult subjects with ...
Arendt Elke K - - 2007
Sourdough has been used since ancient times and its ability to improve the quality and increase the shelf-life of bread has been widely described. During sourdough fermentation, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) produce a number of metabolites which have been shown to have a positive effect on the texture and staling ...
Gobbetti Marco - - 2007
Celiac disease (CD) is one of the most common food intolerance. The only effective treatment for CD is a strict adherence to a gluten-free diet throughout the patient's lifetime. Gluten-free products are not widely available and are usually more expensive than their gluten-containing counterparts. There is, therefore, an urgent need ...
Kishida Hisanori - - 2006
Alkali hydrothermal experiments with glycolaldehyde were carried out at 300 degrees C. Glycolaldehyde was converted into lactic acid in a yield of 28% based on the starting carbon mass of glycolaldehyde. A conversion pathway for glycolaldehyde into lactic acid is proposed and our results suggest that the pathway via glycolaldehyde ...
Sheng Jiangyun - - 2006
Caries-causing oral bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans are protected by the actions of F-ATPases against acid damage in dental plaque acidified by glycolytic acid production or ingestion of acids foods and beverages. Catabolites such as glucose and sucrose were found to enhance the protection of S. mutans and also other ...
Vleggaar Danny - - 2006
Facial rejuvenation has traditionally centered on the correction of ptosis, lines, and wrinkles, typically achieved by surgical tightening of the skin or by injecting soft-tissue fillers. In recent years, volumetric augmentation and recontouring have been recognized as fundamentally important aspects of facial rejuvenation. An overview of volume restoration and recontouring ...
Sakai Kenji - - 2006
We have shown that stable lactic acid fermentation of model kitchen refuse occurs with intermittent pH adjustment under nonsterilized conditions. Nonetheless, the optical activity of the accumulated lactic acid was low, which is disadvantageous for the production of high-quality poly-l-lactic acid. Here, we attempt to increase optical purity by introducing ...
Okubo Yoko - - 2006
The community structure of pink-colored microbial mats naturally occurring in a swine wastewater ditch was studied by culture-independent biomarker and molecular methods as well as by conventional cultivation methods. The wastewater in the ditch contained acetate and propionate as the major carbon nutrients. Thin-section electron microscopy revealed that the microbial ...
Kawahata Miho - - 2006
Using two types of genome-wide analysis to investigate yeast genes involved in response to lactic acid and acetic acid, we found that the acidic condition affects metal metabolism. The first type is an expression analysis using DNA microarrays to investigate 'acid shock response' as the first step to adapt to ...
Samelis John - - 2006
A polyphasic taxonomic approach was used to identify a major atypical group of gas-forming, arginine-negative lactic acid bacteria associated with spoilage of whole (nonsliced) refrigerated (4 degrees C) cooked hams produced in two Greek industrial meat plants. Biochemical characterization revealed that the ham isolates shared their phenotypic properties with Leuconostoc ...
Lam Samuel M - - 2006
Poly-L-lactic acid gained U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for use in human immunodeficiency virus-related facial lipoatrophy in August of 2004. Since that time, it has become available for use in the United States for human immunodeficiency virus facial lipoatrophy patients and for off-label uses in other areas for soft-tissue ...
John Rojan P - - 2006
Saccharification and fermentation of cassava (Manihot esculenta) bagasse was carried out in a single step for the production of L-(+)-lactic acid by Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus delbrueckii. Using 15.5% w/v of cassava bagasse as the raw material, a maximum starch to lactic acid conversion of 96% was obtained with L. ...
Małolepsza-Jarmołowska K - - 2006
Intravaginal tablets based on hydrophilic methylcellulose and containing lactic acid complexed with chitosan undergo deformation under standard conditions. The high flow--limit of the gel originating from the tablets as well as its dynamic viscosity should ensure the durability of this dosage form on the vaginal mucosa. By selecting either ratios ...
Yamada Mamoru - - 2007
The ability to produce vanillin and/or vanillic acid from isoeugenol was screened using resting cells of various bacteria. The vanillin- and/or vanillic-acid-producing activities were observed in strains belonging to the genera Achromobacter, Aeromonas, Agrobacerium, Alcaligenes, Arthrobacter, Bacillus, Micrococcus, Pseudomonas, Rhodobacter, and Rhodococcus. Strain IE27, a soil isolate showing the highest ...
Hierro Núria - - 2006
Real-time PCR, or quantitative PCR (QPCR), has been developed to rapidly detect and quantify the total number of yeasts in wine without culturing. Universal yeast primers were designed from the variable D1/D2 domains of the 26S rRNA gene. These primers showed good specificity with all the wine yeasts tested, and ...
El-Beyrouty Claudine - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical data for poly-L-lactic acid, a synthetic polymer used as an intradermal injection for the treatment of HIV associated facial fat loss (lipoatrophy). DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE (1966-August 2006). The search was limited to articles published in English and used the ...
John Rojan P - - 2006
Protease-treated wheat bran (20% w/v) of particle size less than 300 microm containing 65% (w/w) starch was used for the simultaneous saccharification and L-(+)-lactic acid fermentation by the mixed cultures of Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus delbrueckii. Maximum lactate yield after various process optimizations was 123 g l(-1) with a productivity ...
Nanjo Yoko - - 2006
A flow-injection dual biosensor system with microdialysis sampling is proposed for the simultaneous determination of D-lactic and L-lactic acids. The dialysate from the microdialysis tube is delivered to a sample loop of the six-way autoinjector and then automatically injected into the flow-injection line with a dual enzyme electrode arranged in ...
Thirion L - - 2006
Melasma is an endocrine-mediated facial hypermelanosis with epidermal and occasionally dermal components. We tested in a randomized double-blind design the effect of a whitening formulation (Thiospot intensive((R))) on this skin disorder. The product containing ethyl linoleate, thioctic acid, octadecenedioic acid, lactic acid and ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate was applied twice daily for ...
Anang D M - - 2006
Oxalic acid was evaluated as a treatment for reducing populations of naturally occurring microorganisms on raw chicken. Raw chicken breasts were dipped in solutions of oxalic acid (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0%, wt/vol) for 10, 20, and 30 min, individually packed in oxygen-permeable polyethylene bags, and stored at 4 ...
Bosilevac Joseph M - - 2006
Lactic acid has become the most commonly used organic acid for treatment of postevisceration beef carcasses. Many processors have also implemented 2% lactic acid washes on preevisceration carcasses. We previously demonstrated that hot water washing and steam vacuuming are effective carcass interventions. Because of the effectiveness of hot water, we ...
Sakai Kenji - - 2006
A thermotolerant l-lactic-acid-producing bacterium was isolated and identified as Bacillus licheniformis TY7. TY7 shows optimum growth at pH 6.5 at 30 degrees C and normal growth up to 65 degrees C. Using nonsterile kitchen refuse at 50 degrees C, the strain produced 40 g/ll-lactic acid with 97% optical activity and ...
Greenacre E J - - 2006
Transcriptome analyses of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium revealed that 15 genes were significantly up-regulated after 2 h of adaptation with lactic acid. cadB was the most highly up-regulated gene and was shown to be an essential component. Lactic acid-adapted cells exhibited sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide, likely due to down-regulation of ...
Makino S - - 2006
The extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are associated with the rheology, texture, and mouthfeel of fermented milk products, including yogurt. This study investigated the immunomodulatory effects of EPS purified from the culture supernatant of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) OLL1073R-1. The crude EPS were prepared ...
Rochat Tatiana - - 2006
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are generally sensitive to H2O2, a compound that they can paradoxically produce themselves, as is the case for Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 14431 is one of the very few LAB strains able to degrade H2O2 through the action of a nonheme, manganese-dependent catalase (hereafter called ...
Valli Minoska - - 2006
Yeast strains expressing heterologous L-lactate dehydrogenases can produce lactic acid. Although these microorganisms are tolerant of acidic environments, it is known that at low pH, lactic acid exerts a high level of stress on the cells. In the present study we analyzed intracellular pH (pHi) and viability by staining with ...
Williams Craig R - - 2006
Previous investigations of Aedes aegypti response to human odor components have revealed a number of compounds that attract host-seeking females. However, such studies have utilized only a small number of long-term laboratory Ae. aegypti colonies. Using laboratory y-olfactometers, we studied the attraction of four different Ae. aegypti populations (North Queensland, ...
Benoit Danielle S W - - 2006
Increases in bone formation have been demonstrated in mice and rats treated with statins, a group of molecules that increase the production of bone morphogenetic proteins-2 (BMP2) by stimulating its promoter. However, clinical use of statins (e.g., fluvastatin) is limited by the lack of a suitable delivery system to localize ...
Wang Y J - - 2007
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) production was carried out under various C:N ratios. A ratio of 100 resulted best polymer yield. C-source was an important factor in synthesis. For example, as the ratio of valeric acid (C5) to butyric acid (C4) in N-free medium was increased, the mole fraction of HV in the ...
Patil S S - - 2006
AIMS: To examine the potential of Lactobacillus delbrueckii mutant, Uc-3 to produce lactic acid and fructose from sucrose-based media. METHODS AND RESULTS: The mutant of L. delbrueckii NCIM 2365 was cultivated in shake flask containing hydrolysed cane sugar (sucrose)-based medium. The lactic acid yield and volumetric productivity with hydrolysed cane ...
Wang Xiaofen - - 2006
Alfalfa is a kind of forage that is difficult to ensile for good quality. Therefore, inoculants are always used to enhance the preservation of alfalfa silage. Through continuous restricted subcultivation, a lactic acid bacteria community (Al2) was selected from well-fermented alfalfa silage, which sharply decreased the pH level and produced ...
Landete José Maria - - 2006
Fermented foods are frequently contaminated by histamine that is generated by microorganisms with histidine decarboxylase activity. The ingestion of large amounts of histamine can cause serious toxicological problems in humans. A study of the effects of histamine, histidine, and growth phase on histamine production by lactic acid bacteria isolated from ...
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