Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1524
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Jenko Kimberly J - - 2008
This study examined the effects of five CLA isomers and the non-conjugated LA on nitric oxide (NO) production, an important modulator of vasodilation, inflammation, and cytotoxicity. Bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) were pretreated with pure CLAs (c9, c11-, c9, t11-, t9, t11-, t10, c12-, c11, c13-CLA) and the non-conjugated c9, ...
Zhou Xiao-Rong - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a class of positional, geometric, conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid. Dietary CLA supplementation has resulted in a dramatic decrease in body fat mass in mice. However, some but not all studies in mice and humans have found that CLA promoted insulin resistance, and there ...
Lang Imke - - 2008
The dioxygenation of PUFAs (polyunsaturated fatty acids) in plants is mainly catalysed by members of the LOX (lipoxygenase) enzyme family. LOX products may be further metabolized, and are known as signalling substances in plant development and in responses to wounding and pathogen attack. In contrast with the situation in eukaryotes, ...
Pereira Leonardo M - - 2008
Inflammation is a crucial step for the wound healing process. The effect of linoleic and oleic acids on the inflammatory response of the skin during the healing process and on the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines by rat neutrophils in vitro was investigated. A wound in the dorsal surface of adult ...
Radosavljević T - - 2008
This study examines possible synergistic effects of lindane and ethanol on inducing liver injury and serum fatty acid derangement in adult male Wistar rats. When administered together, ethanol and lindane-induced even more pronounced increase of alanine aminotransferase (165 +/- 10 U/L) and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activity (10.3 +/- 0.6 U/L) than after ...
Nakamura Yukiko K - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been the subject of extensive investigation regarding its possible benefits on a variety of human diseases. In some animal studies, CLA has been shown to have a beneficial effect on sclerotic lesions associated with atherosclerosis, be a possible anti-carcinogen, increase feed efficiency, and act as ...
Stachowska Ewa - - 2008
Conjugated dienes of linoleic acid (CLA) are fatty acids widely found in food of animal and plant origin. CLA has been the subject of extensive investigation regarding its possible benefits on a variety of human diseases. This short review summarizes the state of knowledge about the anticancer and antitumor properties ...
Huang Y - - 2008
Thirty-six Holstein cows were blocked by parity and allotted by stage of lactation to 6 treatments to evaluate the effects of dietary soy oil, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA; free acid or calcium salt), or both, on CLA content of milk. Diets were fed for 4 wk and are as follows: ...
Yu In-Sik - - 2008
The conversion of linoleic acid into 10-hydroxy-12(Z)-octadecenoic acid by whole cells of Stenotrophomonas nitritireducens as an isolated bacterium was optimized, and the optimal temperature, pH, and cell and substrate concentrations were 30 degrees C, 7.5, and 20 and 20 g/L, respectively. Under these conditions, whole cells in a bioreactor produced ...
Manini Paola - - 2008
Nitration of unsaturated fatty acids is a (patho)physiologically important pathway of lipid modification induced by nitric oxide-derived species. We report herein on the unexpected chain rearrangement undergone by (13S,9Z,11E)-13-hydroxyoctadeca-9,11-dienoic acid (1), a linoleic acid metabolite, when exposed to nitrating agents of biological relevance. At pH 7.4 and at room temperature, ...
Kim J H - - 2008
This study was performed to examine an efficient way to use oil by-product which is obtained during the purification process of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from safflower oil. The CLA by-product (CBP) was fed to the laying hens to accumulate CLA in the egg yolk. Egg yolk samples from 3 ...
Stumpe Michael - - 2008
Formation of 13-lipoxygenase-derived divinyl ethers has been described in garlic bulbs. Here, the identification of a cDNA from garlic is described, which encodes for an enzyme that corresponds to divinyl ether synthases (DES). The recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and shown to metabolize 13-hydroperoxy as well as 9-hydroperoxy ...
José A A F B V - - 2008
The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in adipose tissue explant cultures of growing pigs on the following responses: lipogenesis (measured as rate of (14)C-labeled glucose incorporation over a subsequent 2-h incubation in the presence or absence of insulin), ...
Kim Taekyung - - 2008
To investigate the feasibility of developing a new tenoxicam transdermal delivery system (TDS), the pharmacokinetics of tenoxicam from various formulated TDS were evaluated and compared with values following oral administration of tenoxicam and with application of a piroxicam plaster (Trast) marketed in Korea. Based on previous in-vitro study results, a ...
Yanagita Teruyoshi - - 2008
The metabolic syndrome is increasingly prevalent in worldwide. The quality and quantity of dietary lipids could be important modulators associated with the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. At present, functional lipids such as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and phospholipids have attracted considerable attention because of their beneficial biological effects in attenuating ...
Moon Hyun-Seuk - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecadienoic acid [linoleic acid (LA), 18:2n-6]. Although ruminant milk and meat products represent the largest natural source of CLA and therefore, their concentration in ruminant lipids are of interest to human health, chemical or physical modifications of ...
Zlatanos Spiros N - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a naturally occurring anticarcinogen found in dairy products, is an intermediary product of ruminal biohydrogenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Few data exist on the CLA content of the human blood plasma. The determination of a "normal" content could help in estimating if a person consumes satisfactory ...
Hernández M Luisa - - 2008
Callus cultures from olive (Olea europaea L.) were used to study characteristics of desaturation in this oil-rich tissue. The incorporation of [1-(14)C]oleate and [1-(14)C]linoleate into complex lipids and their further desaturation was followed in incubations of up to 48 h. Both radiolabelled fatty acids were rapidly incorporated into lipids, especially ...
Miller Jessica R - - 2008
The adipocyte-derived secretory protein adiponectin functions as an insulin-sensitizing agent. In plasma, adiponectin exists as low, medium, and high molecular weight oligomers. Treatment with trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t-10, c-12 CLA) reduces levels of adiponectin as well as triglyceride (TG) in mice and adipocyte cell culture models. The aim ...
Deng Ming-De - - 2007
Propionibacterium acnes strain ATCC 6919 catalyzes the isomerization of the double bond at the C9 position in linoleic acid (c9,c12, 18:2) to form t10,c12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA, 18:2). CLA has significant health benefits in animal and human. The linoleic acid C9 isomerase was purified to an apparent homogeneity by ...
Martin Diana - - 2007
The fatty acid profile of the subcutaneous fat of pigs and its evolution throughout fattening as affected by dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and their interaction (CLAxMUFA) were studied. Three levels (0, 1, and 2%) of an enriched CLA oil (28% cis-9, trans-11 and 28% trans-10, ...
Diniz Yeda S - - 2008
Studies on conjugated linoleic acid ingestion and its effect on cardiac tissue are necessary for the safe utilization of this compound as supplement for weight loss. Male Wistar 24-rats were divided into four groups (n=6):(C)given standard chow, water and 0.5 ml saline, twice a week by gavage; (C-CLA)receiving standard chow, ...
Lin De - - 2007
As a class of linoleic acid oxidation products, epoxyketooctadecenoic acids (EKODEs), are formed in vivo and in vitro by a free radical mechanism initiated by either enzymatic or nonenzymatic pathways. They have so far been made available in small-scale quantities, often as isomeric mixtures, from reductive decomposition of linoleic acid-derived ...
Badr El-Din Nariman K - - 2007
Antioxidants prevent rancidity (lipid peroxidation) and natural antioxidants, e.g., α-tocopherol, likely provide additional value to oil-based food products because of their health benefits. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has potential health benefits and may exhibit antioxidant properties. The main aim of this study was to compare the antioxidant efficacy of α-tocopherol, ...
Widmer K W - - 2007
Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) is a compound that plays a key role in bacterial cell-to-cell communication (quorum sensing). Previous research has shown certain food matrices inhibit this signaling compound. Using the reporter strain, Vibrio harveyi BB170, quorum-sensing inhibitors contained in poultry meat wash (PMW) samples were characterized by molecular weight and hydrophobic ...
Lee K - - 2007
AIMS: To observe the antiobesity activity of trans-10,cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-producing lactobacillus in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lactobacillus plantarum PL62, which can grow in the presence of linoleic acid, was selected and studied. The culture supernatant of Lact. plantarum PL62 contained trans-10,cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (6.4 microg ml(-1)), and the crude ...
Koutsidis G - - 2008
Changes in glycolytic metabolites, nucleotide degradation products, free amino acids and other amino compounds were monitored in beef muscle (M. longissimus lumborum), stored for 21days at 4°C, in order to evaluate how post-mortem conditioning may affect flavour formation in beef. The major effects observed in sugar-related substances were the dephosphorylation ...
LaRosa P Christopher - - 2007
Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10c12 CLA) causes fat loss in mouse white adipose tissue (WAT) and adipocytes in culture. The early transcriptome changes in treated WAT and 3T3-L1 adipocytes were analyzed using high-density microarrays to better characterize the signaling pathways responding to t10c12 CLA. Gene expression responses between 4 ...
Lundgren Sarah M - - 2007
The adsorption of the unsaturated fatty acids oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acid on steel surfaces has been investigated by means of a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM). Two different solvents were used, n-hexadecane and its highly branched isomer, viz., 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-heptamethylnonane. The area occupied per molecule of oleic acid at 1 wt ...
Couloubaly S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The nature of fatty acids provided by the diet as well as plasma lipid metabolism can modify the composition and properties of plasma membrane and thus the activity of membrane proteins. In humans, as well as in experimental models, diabetes is associated with both an alteration in serum lipid ...
Sum Chi Shing - - 2007
GPR40 was formerly an orphan G protein-coupled receptor whose endogenous ligands have recently been identified as free fatty acids (FFAs). The receptor, now named FFA receptor 1, has been implicated in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes and is a drug target because of its role in FFA-mediated enhancement of ...
Aburai Nobuhiro - - 2007
Linoleic acid was isolated from both the methanol extracts of proso and Japanese millet as a histone deacetylase inhibitor. It showed uncompetitive inhibitory activity toward histone deacetylase (IC(50)=0.51 mM) and potent cytotoxicity toward human leukemia K562 (IC(50)=68 microM) and prostate cancer LNCaP cells (IC(50)=193 microM). Millet containing linoleic acid might ...
Sato Kazusa - - 2007
Excessive dietary intake of carbohydrates and fats has been linked to the development of obesity. However, the mechanism by which these dietary factors interact to bring about metabolic changes has not been elucidated. We examined the combined effects of different types of dietary carbohydrates and fats on the etiology of ...
Rosberg-Cody Eva - - 2007
The linoleic acid isomerase enzyme from Propionibacterium acnes responsible for bioconversion of linoleic acid to trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10, c12 CLA) was cloned and overexpressed in Lactococcus lactis and Escherichia coli, resulting in between 30 and 50 % conversion rates of the substrate linoleic acid to t10, c12 ...
Pérez-Matute P - - 2007
Obesity rates have dramatically increased over the last few decades and, at the same time, major changes in the type of fatty acid intake have occurred. Linoleic acid, an n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, is an essential fatty acid occurring in high amounts in several western diets. A potential role of ...
Wallace R John - - 2007
Digesta samples from the ovine rumen and pure ruminal bacteria were incubated with linoleic acid (LA) in deuterium oxide-containing buffer to investigate the mechanisms of the formation of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs). Rumenic acid (RA; cis-9,trans-11-18:2), trans-9,trans-11-18:2, and trans-10,cis-12-18:2 were the major CLA intermediates formed from LA in ruminal digesta, ...
Nushida Hideyuki - - 2008
Adipocere formation is well known as a later post-mortem change. We experienced a female victim who had been sealed up in a clothes box for approximately 4 years. We collected several subcutaneous fats as well as visceral fats from the victim to investigate adipocere formation. Fresh subcutaneous fats of one ...
Sato Itaru - - 2007
Japanese horse chestnut (Aesculus turbinata) seed extract inhibits the activity of cyclooxygenase (COX), but its active constituents have not been identified. In the present study, COX inhibitors were isolated from the hexane extract of this seed by means of 4 steps of liquid chromatography and were identified by gas chromatography/mass ...
Hodge Allison M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dietary fatty acids may be associated with diabetes but are difficult to measure accurately. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the associations of fatty acids in plasma and diet with diabetes incidence. DESIGN: This was a prospective case-cohort study of 3737 adults aged 36-72 y. Fatty acid intake (/kJ) and ...
Risé Patrizia - - 2007
In addition to inhibiting cholesterol biosynthesis, statins increase the conversion of linoleic acid to its derivatives, in particular to arachidonic acid, both in vivo and in vitro. Desaturases are the rate-limiting enzymes in this metabolic process and statins markedly enhance delta5 desaturase activity. To evaluate the delta5 desaturase gene expression ...
Lee Alex K Y - - 2007
In this study, an electrodynamic balance (EDB) and a single particle Raman spectroscopic system were used to investigate the heterogeneous reactions of linoleic acid and linolenic acid with ozone under ambient temperatures (22-24 degrees C) and dry conditions (RH<5%). Raman characterizations provide evidence that ozone-induced autoxidation, in addition to direct ...
Stachowska Ewa - - 2007
Lipoxygenases are a family of non-heme enzyme dioxygenases. The role of lipoxygenases is synthesis of hydroperoxides of fatty acids, which perform signaling functions in the body. Studies on conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) as fatty acids with a potential anti-atherosclerotic function have recently been initiated. The aim of the study was ...
Kim J H - - 2007
The effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) with other fatty acids on the fatty acid composition of egg yolk and on egg quality characteristics were studied in 5 groups: 1) CLA 0% (control), 2) CLA 2%, 3) CLA 2%+oleic acid (OA) 2% (CLA+OA), 4) CLA 2%+linoleic acid (LA) 2% (CLA+LA), ...
Dugan Michael E R - - 2007
Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) are ruminant animals native to the far north and little is known about their fatty acid composition. Subcutaneous adipose tissue (backfat) from 16 wild muskox was analyzed and compared to backfat from 16 barley fed beef cattle. Muskox backfat composition differed substantially from beef and the most ...
Guo Ding-Ding - - 2007
This study is designed to evaluate whether conjugated linoleic acid-coupled Pluronic F127 (Plu-CLA) enhances anticancer efficacy in MCF-7 breast cancer cells when compared to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) itself. CLA was simply coupled to Pluronic F127 through ester linkage between carboxyl group of CLA and hydroxyl one of Pluronic at ...
Rodríguez-Alcalá L M - - 2007
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) exerts a strong positive influence on human health but intake of these fatty acids is typically too low, and increased consumption of CLA is recommended. A good way to raise the CLA content in the diet without a radical change in eating habits seems to be ...
Shingfield Kevin J - - 2007
Cis-9, trans-11, the major isomer of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in bovine milk fat, is derived from ruminal biohydrogenation of 18:2 (n-6) and endogenous conversion of trans-11 18:1 (vaccenic acid; VA) in the mammary gland. Most evidence to date suggests that endogenous synthesis is the major source of cis-9, trans-11 ...
Zhang G M - - 2007
1. The effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid isomers (CLAs) on productive traits, carcase yield and meat quality were investigated in Beijingyou (Chinese) chickens. A total of 360 male chicks were allocated to 5 dietary treatments (0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 1.00 and 2.00% CLA) and fed for 126 d. 2. The ...
Huang Long Shuang - - 2007
Oxygenation of two lysophospholipids, 1-linoleoyl lysophosphatidylcholine (linoleoyl-lysoPC) and 1-linoleoyl lysophosphatidic acid (linoleoyl-lysoPA), by reticulocyte lipoxygenase (LOX) or porcine leukocyte LOX was measured by monitoring the formation of conjugated dienes. Consistent with the above, the formation of linoleoyl-lysophospholipid hydroperoxide as oxygenation product was confirmed by LC/MS analyses. In further study, the ...
Kuhnt Katrin - - 2007
Trans-fatty acid intake is associated with an increased risk of CHD and diabetes. The effects of single trans-fatty acid isomers are largely unexplored. The present study examined the effects of a 6-week supplementation with two trans-18 : 1 isomers (trans-11 and trans-12) in human subjects on immune cells, several inflammatory ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >