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Results 301 - 350 of 1524
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Zhou X-R - - 2008
We report the first isolation and characterization of insect fatty acid Delta12-desaturase genes, AdD12Des from house cricket (Acheta domesticus) and TcD12Des from the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum), responsible for the production of linoleic acid from oleic acid. Sequence analysis shows the cricket and flour beetle Delta12-desaturase genes have evolved ...
Chae S H - - 2009
It is proposed that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) would depress the lipid oxidation caused by irradiation of cooked, aerobically stored ground beef patties. The free fatty acid (FFA-CLA) and triacylglycerol (TAG-CLA) preparations of CLA were added at 0%, 1%, 2%, or 4% during the grinding process. Patties were irradiated at ...
Xu H - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate the ability of selected probiotic bacterial strains to produce conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and also to estimate the biohydrogenation kinetics of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the production of CLA from free linoleic acid (LA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Six probiotic bacteria, Lact. paracasei, Lact. rhamnosus GG, Lact. acidophilus ADH, ...
Maqbool Asim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and pancreatic insufficiency (PI) are at increased risk for essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency. OBJECTIVES: To investigate serum markers of EFA status in children with CF and PI and their association with growth, body composition, and lung function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum phospholipid fatty ...
Bannenberg Gerard - - 2009
Lipoxygenases (LOX) catalyze the oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, the first step in the biosynthesis of a large group of biologically active fatty acid metabolites collectively named oxylipins. In the present study we report the characterization of the enzymatic activity of the six lipoxygenases found in the genome of the ...
Ogorodnikova Anna V - - 2008
Incubations of linoleic acid with cell-free preparations from Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria majalis L., Ruscaceae) roots revealed the presence of 13-lipoxygenase and divinyl ether synthase (DES) activities. Exogenous linoleic acid was metabolized predominantly into (9Z,11E,1'E)-12-(1'-hexenyloxy)-9,11-dodecadienoic (etheroleic) acid. Its identification was confirmed by the data of ultraviolet spectroscopy, mass spectra, (1)H NMR, COSY, ...
Hodson Leanne - - 2009
There has been much interest in the health effects of dietary fat, but few studies have comprehensively compared the acute metabolic fate of specific fatty acids in vivo. We hypothesized that different classes of fatty acids would be variably partitioned in metabolic pathways and that this would become evident over ...
Hornung Ellen - - 2008
Lipoxygenases (LOX) form a heterogeneous family of lipid peroxidizing enzymes, which catalyze specific dioxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. According to their positional specificity of linoleic acid oxygenation plant LOX have been classified into linoleate 9- and linoleate 13-LOX and recent reports identified a critical valine at the active site of ...
Martin Diana - - 2008
Three levels (0%, 1% and 2%) of an enriched conjugated linoleic acid oil (CLA) were combined with two levels of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) (low (19%) average and high (39%) average) for pig feeding. The profile of volatile compounds of fresh and dry-cured loin as affected by dietary CLA, MUFA ...
Block Robert C RC Division of Epidemiology, Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. - - 2008
Although fatty acid intake has been associated with risk of coronary disease events, the association between blood omega-6 and trans fatty acids (FAs) at the time of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is unknown. The relationship of blood FA composition to ACS was analyzed in 768 incident cases and 768 ...
Suh Han Na - - 2008
Fatty acids serve vital functions as sources of energy, building materials for cellular structures, and modulators of physiological responses. Therefore, this study examined the effect of linoleic acid on glucose production and its related signal pathways in primary cultured chicken hepatocytes. Linoleic acid (double-unsaturated, long chain) increased glucose production in ...
Won J - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) were encapsulated with hydrated zinc oxide nanoparticles in an effort to improve their time and thermal stability. Encapsulated and nonencapsulated CLA and GLA were stored at 20, 30, 40, and 50 degrees C for 49 d. At various time points, encapsulated CLA ...
Or-Rashid Mamun M - - 2008
The present study was designed to investigate the capability of mixed rumen protozoa to synthesize conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from linoleic (LA) and vaccenic acids (VA). Rumen contents were collected from fistulated cows. The protozoal fraction was separated and washed several times with MB9 buffer and then resuspended in autoclaved ...
Whelan Jay - - 2008
Linoleic acid is the most prominent polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in the Western diet. It is virtually found in every food we eat and is the predominant PUFA in land-based meats, dairy, vegetables, vegetable oils, cereals, fruits, nuts, legumes, seeds and breads. Because linoleic acid is the metabolic precursor of ...
Adam O - - 2008
Long-chain conversion of linoleic acid (LA) and eicosanoid formation was followed in 6 healthy females who were given for 6 weeks liquid formula diets which contained no arachidonic acid but, for 2 weeks each, a LA supply of 0 energy% (en%), 4 en%, and 20 en%, respectively. higher LA intake ...
Zhao Zhan-yu - - 2008
We examined the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on growth, fatty acid composition and enzyme activity of fatty acid oxidation in the liver of large yellow croaker. We divided 1600 fish (average initial weight 150 g) into 4 groups and reared them in 8 cages. Four dietary treatments were ...
Jacquot Cyril C Roger Adams Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, 600 S. Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2008
The reaction of soybean lipoxygenase-1 with linoleic acid has been extensively studied and displays very large kinetic isotope effects. In this work, substrate and solvent kinetic isotope effects as well as the viscosity dependence of the oxidation of arachidonic acid were investigated. The hydrogen atom abstraction step was rate-determining at ...
Puniya Anil K - - 2008
Lactobacilli isolated from the rumen of cattle were subjected to morphological and biochemical characterizations followed by PCR-based identification. Among isolates, Lactobacillus brevis was found to be the most prevalent species in the rumen. For in vitro conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) production, the two isolates of L. brevis and one each ...
Nie Lina - - 2008
An alternative pathway of beta-oxidation for unsaturated fatty acids was studied in Escherichia coli. 9- cis,11- trans-Octadecadienoic acid (conjugated linoleic acid), a potential substrate of this pathway, was shown to support growth of E. coli in the absence of any other carbon source. The identification of 3,5-dodecadienoic acid in the ...
Liavonchanka Alena - - 2008
The biotransformation of linoleic acid (LA) into conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) by microorganisms is a potentially useful industrial process. In most cases, however, the identities of proteins involved and the details of enzymatic activity regulation are far from clear. Here we summarize available data on the reaction mechanisms of CLA-producing ...
Lee Michael R F - - 2008
This study investigated the evolution of trans-9 trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from cis-9 trans-11 CLA during methylation and its avoidance through a rapid base methylation of milk fat. The study examined three conditions shown to result in loss of cis-9 trans-11 CLA during methylation namely: temperature, methylation time, water ...
Mitchell Patricia L - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are isomeric forms of linoleic acid (LA) containing two conjugated sites of unsaturation. The most abundant dietary form of CLA is the cis-9,trans-11 (c-9,t-11) isomer that is found in the fatty tissues and milk of ruminant animals. CLA can also be acquired by ingestion of supplements, ...
Lundgren S M - - 2008
The normal and friction forces between layers of three fatty acids (stearic, oleic, and linoleic acid) and a rosin acid (dehydroabietic acid) have been measured in n-hexadecane with a surface forces apparatus. Stearic, oleic, and dehydroabietic acid form loose-packed monolayers on mica surfaces when adsorbed from dry n-hexadecane. Linoleic acid ...
Schievano Elisabetta - - 2008
In the present work, a rapid and simple NMR method to discriminate Asiago d'Allevo cheese samples from different production chains is described. A fast and reproducible extraction of the organic fraction was employed. By applying chemometric analysis to NMR data, it is possible to differentiate PDO Asiago cheese produced in ...
Luna Pilar - - 2008
This study used GC and silver-ion HPLC to examine the effects of temperature and time on methylation of individual and mixtures of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers in free fatty acid form using sulphuric acid as catalyst. In the conditions tested (temperatures between 20 and 50 degrees C and times ...
Saez Gladys - - 2008
There are genetic differences in the hepatic glucose and linoleic acid metabolisms between Muscovy and Pekin ducks ad libitum-fed. To understand the effect of overfeeding on the hepatic metabolisms in these two species of ducks, we compared the different pathways of glucose and linoleic acid reaching the liver of Muscovy ...
Chen Bilian - - 2008
A new approach to the enzymatic production of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) ascorbyl ester with a remarkably high volumetric productivity (120-200 g L(-1)) has been developed, in which strong solvation by tOMA.TFA (methyltrioctylammonium trifluoroacetate) enables a high concentration of ascorbic acid to be applied, and in which t-butanol enhances conversion ...
Tangyuenyongwatana Prasan - - 2008
The artificial formation of three fatty acid esters, ( E)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)but-3-en-1-yl linoleate ( 1), ( E)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)but-3-en-1-yl oleate ( 2) and ( E)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)but-3-en-1-yl palmitate ( 3) originating during storage by the interaction of components in Prasaplai preparation was investigated. The artifacts were not formed when 0.1 mL of water or more was ...
Fagali Natalia - - 2008
The chemiluminescent response of conjugated linoleic acid isomers (CLAs), linoleic acid (LA) and methyl linoleate (LAME) against the prooxidant t-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) was analyzed. The c9, t11-CLA and t10, c12-CLA isomers showed significant photoemission at the highest concentration used, while photoemission was not detected at any concentration of LA and ...
Yee Jennifer K - - 2008
Stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD1) catalyzes the conversion of stearate (18:0) to oleate (18:1n-9) and of palmitate (16:0) to palmitoleate (16:1), which are key steps in triglyceride synthesis in the fatty acid metabolic network. This study investigated the role of SCD1 in fatty acid metabolism in HepG2 cells using SCD1 ...
Mendis Sanjaya - - 2008
Current scientific evidence indicates that consumption of industrial trans fatty acids (TFA) produced via partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils increases the risk of coronary heart disease. However, some studies have suggested that ruminant TFA, especially vaccenic acid (VA or 11t-18:1) and rumenic acid (RA or 9c,11t-18:2), which is a conjugated ...
Plourde Mélanie - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid. In animals, CLA consumption reduces body fat but results in humans are less conclusive. This review of the literature on CLA and loss of body fat or body weight in humans was conducted to explore the reasons for ...
Jäger A K - - 2008
Rose hip has previously shown clinical efficacy in the treatment of osteoarthritis, and organic solvent extracts of rose hip have showed inhibition of cyclooxygenase-1 and -2. A petroleum ether extract of rose hip was fractioned by VLC on silica; on a C-18 column and by HPLC. Each step was COX-1/2 ...
Reynolds Clare M - - 2008
Trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) is a natural trans fatty acid found in ruminant food produce. It is converted to the cis-9, trans-11 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid (c9, t11-CLA) by the action of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) in tissue. c9, t11-CLA has been associated with anti-inflammatory effects and also affects lipid metabolism. ...
Garscha Ulrike - - 2008
Linoleate diol synthases (LDS) are homologous 8(R)-dioxygenases with hydroperoxide isomerase activities, expressed in fungal pathogens of humanitarian importance. We report for the first time expression and site-directed mutagenesis of LDS. 7,8-LDS of the take-all fungus, expressed in Pichia pastoris, oxygenated 18:2n-6 to 8(R)-hydroperoxylinoleic acid, which was unexpectedly isomerized to 5,8(R)-dihydroxylinoleic ...
Yamasaki Masao - - 2008
Our previous study indicated that oleic acid prevented apoptotic cell death induced by trans10, cis12 (t10, c12)-conjugated linoleic acid in rat hepatoma dRLh-84 cells. The intracellular mechanism of action oleic acid is still unknown. Here, we showed that p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibition using its specific inhibitor SB203580 cancelled ...
Chechetkin Ivan R - - 2008
Incubation of linoleic acid with an enzyme preparation from leaves of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) led to the formation of a divinyl ether fatty acid, i.e. (9Z,11E,1'Z)-12-(1'-hexenyloxy)-9,11-dodecadienoic [(omega5Z)-etheroleic] acid, as well as smaller amounts of 13-hydroxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienoic acid. The 13-hydroperoxide of linoleic acid afforded the same set of products, whereas incubations ...
Meyer Matthew P - - 2008
Mammalian lipoxygenases have been implicated in a number of inflammation-related human diseases. Soybean lipoxygenase-1 is the archetypical example of known lipoxygenases. Here we report the synthesis of linoleic acid and (11,11)-d2-linoleic acid which are combinatorially labeled at the vinylic positions (9, 10, 12, and 13). Combinatorial labeling schemes allow for ...
Pajunen Taina I - - 2008
NMR data on lipid hydroperoxides is scarce. In this study, hydroperoxides were produced from methyl 9-cis,11-trans-octadecadienoate and from methyl 10-trans,12-cis-octadecadienoate by autoxidation in the presence of 20% of alpha-tocopherol. Ten different hydroperoxides were isolated from the autoxidation mixtures of the two conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) methyl esters by SPE and ...
Guo Wei-Xin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in adult neovasculogenesis and maintenance of vascular integrity. Scarce data have been provided for the individual effect of elevated free fatty acids (FFAs) on EPCs. This study was designed to investigate the association between Akt/eNOS signal pathway changes and the proliferation/function of EPCs ...
Jain V P - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is found naturally in dairy and beef products at levels of 0.2% to 2% of the total fat. A more concentrated source of dietary CLA, low in saturated fat, would be highly desirable to obtain optimum CLA levels of about 3 g/d. We recently reported photoisomerization ...
Andersson Charlotte - - 2008
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with fatty acid alterations characterized by low linoleic and docosahexaenoic acid. It is not clear whether these fatty acid alterations are directly linked to cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) dysfunction or result from nutrient malabsorption. We hypothesized that if fatty acid alterations are a ...
Fauconnier Marie-Laure - - 2008
Oxylipins constitute a class of molecules notably involved in host-pathogen interactions. In the potato-Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) De Barry (P. infestans) relationships, the role of colneleic and colnelenic acids, two oxylipins resulting from the consecutive action of lipoxygenase (EC 1.13.11.12) and divinyl ether synthase (EC 1.-) on respectively linoleic and linolenic ...
Jain Kavita - - 2008
Fatty acid nitration is a recently discovered process that generates biologically active nitro lipids; however, its mechanism has not been fully characterized. For example, some structural details such as vinyl and allyl isomers of the nitro fatty acids have not been established. To characterize lipids that originated from a biomimetic ...
Su Mingyu - - 2008
To further evaluate the photosynthetic effects of nanoanatase, the improvement of spinach chloroplast photosynthesis damaged by linolenic acid was investigated in the present paper. Several results showed that after the addition of nanoanatase to the linolenic acid-treated chloroplast, the light absorption increased by linolenic acid could be decreased, but the ...
Chung Soo Hyun - - 2008
This study was performed to discover bifidobacteria isolated from human intestines that optimally convert linoleic acid (LA) to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and to optimize the culture conditions of milk fermentation. One hundred and fifty neonatal bifidobacteria were screened for CLA-producing ability, and Bifidobacterium breve LMC 017 was selected as ...
Gallardo Emerenciana - - 2008
The effect of lipids on the formation of the Strecker aldehyde phenylacetaldehyde during wort boiling was studied to determine the role that small changes in the lipid content of the wort have in the production of significant flavor compounds in beer. Wort was treated with 0-2.77 mmol per liter of ...
Bernklau E J - - 2008
Using a bioassay-driven approach, we have isolated and identified a blend of compounds from the roots of germinating corn, Zea mays L., that serve as feeding stimulants for neonate western corn rootworm larvae, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). The active blend is a combination of simple sugars (30:4:4 mg/ml ...
Pittman David W - - 2008
A series of brief-access (15s) behavioral assays following the formation of a conditioned taste aversion (CTA) to linoleic acid were performed in order to follow up on observations showing differences in the chemosensory responses to dietary fat in obesity-prone (Osborne-Mendel [O-M]) and obesity-resistant (S5B/Pl) rat strains. Strong aversions to linoleic ...
Yara Asanori - - 2008
Linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3) are sources for various oxidized metabolites called oxylipins, some of which inhibit growth of fungal pathogens. In a previous study, we found disease resistance to rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea enhanced in 18:2-accumulating transgenic rice (F78Ri) in which the conversion from 18:2 to ...
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