Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1498
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Chen Bilian - - 2008
A new approach to the enzymatic production of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) ascorbyl ester with a remarkably high volumetric productivity (120-200 g L(-1)) has been developed, in which strong solvation by tOMA.TFA (methyltrioctylammonium trifluoroacetate) enables a high concentration of ascorbic acid to be applied, and in which t-butanol enhances conversion ...
Tangyuenyongwatana Prasan - - 2008
The artificial formation of three fatty acid esters, ( E)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)but-3-en-1-yl linoleate ( 1), ( E)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)but-3-en-1-yl oleate ( 2) and ( E)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)but-3-en-1-yl palmitate ( 3) originating during storage by the interaction of components in Prasaplai preparation was investigated. The artifacts were not formed when 0.1 mL of water or more was ...
Fagali Natalia - - 2008
The chemiluminescent response of conjugated linoleic acid isomers (CLAs), linoleic acid (LA) and methyl linoleate (LAME) against the prooxidant t-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) was analyzed. The c9, t11-CLA and t10, c12-CLA isomers showed significant photoemission at the highest concentration used, while photoemission was not detected at any concentration of LA and ...
Yee Jennifer K - - 2008
Stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD1) catalyzes the conversion of stearate (18:0) to oleate (18:1n-9) and of palmitate (16:0) to palmitoleate (16:1), which are key steps in triglyceride synthesis in the fatty acid metabolic network. This study investigated the role of SCD1 in fatty acid metabolism in HepG2 cells using SCD1 ...
Mendis Sanjaya - - 2008
Current scientific evidence indicates that consumption of industrial trans fatty acids (TFA) produced via partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils increases the risk of coronary heart disease. However, some studies have suggested that ruminant TFA, especially vaccenic acid (VA or 11t-18:1) and rumenic acid (RA or 9c,11t-18:2), which is a conjugated ...
Plourde Mélanie - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid. In animals, CLA consumption reduces body fat but results in humans are less conclusive. This review of the literature on CLA and loss of body fat or body weight in humans was conducted to explore the reasons for ...
Jäger A K - - 2008
Rose hip has previously shown clinical efficacy in the treatment of osteoarthritis, and organic solvent extracts of rose hip have showed inhibition of cyclooxygenase-1 and -2. A petroleum ether extract of rose hip was fractioned by VLC on silica; on a C-18 column and by HPLC. Each step was COX-1/2 ...
Reynolds Clare M - - 2008
Trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) is a natural trans fatty acid found in ruminant food produce. It is converted to the cis-9, trans-11 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid (c9, t11-CLA) by the action of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) in tissue. c9, t11-CLA has been associated with anti-inflammatory effects and also affects lipid metabolism. ...
Garscha Ulrike - - 2008
Linoleate diol synthases (LDS) are homologous 8(R)-dioxygenases with hydroperoxide isomerase activities, expressed in fungal pathogens of humanitarian importance. We report for the first time expression and site-directed mutagenesis of LDS. 7,8-LDS of the take-all fungus, expressed in Pichia pastoris, oxygenated 18:2n-6 to 8(R)-hydroperoxylinoleic acid, which was unexpectedly isomerized to 5,8(R)-dihydroxylinoleic ...
Yamasaki Masao - - 2008
Our previous study indicated that oleic acid prevented apoptotic cell death induced by trans10, cis12 (t10, c12)-conjugated linoleic acid in rat hepatoma dRLh-84 cells. The intracellular mechanism of action oleic acid is still unknown. Here, we showed that p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibition using its specific inhibitor SB203580 cancelled ...
Chechetkin Ivan R - - 2008
Incubation of linoleic acid with an enzyme preparation from leaves of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) led to the formation of a divinyl ether fatty acid, i.e. (9Z,11E,1'Z)-12-(1'-hexenyloxy)-9,11-dodecadienoic [(omega5Z)-etheroleic] acid, as well as smaller amounts of 13-hydroxy-9(Z),11(E)-octadecadienoic acid. The 13-hydroperoxide of linoleic acid afforded the same set of products, whereas incubations ...
Meyer Matthew P - - 2008
Mammalian lipoxygenases have been implicated in a number of inflammation-related human diseases. Soybean lipoxygenase-1 is the archetypical example of known lipoxygenases. Here we report the synthesis of linoleic acid and (11,11)-d2-linoleic acid which are combinatorially labeled at the vinylic positions (9, 10, 12, and 13). Combinatorial labeling schemes allow for ...
Pajunen Taina I - - 2008
NMR data on lipid hydroperoxides is scarce. In this study, hydroperoxides were produced from methyl 9-cis,11-trans-octadecadienoate and from methyl 10-trans,12-cis-octadecadienoate by autoxidation in the presence of 20% of alpha-tocopherol. Ten different hydroperoxides were isolated from the autoxidation mixtures of the two conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) methyl esters by SPE and ...
Guo Wei-Xin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in adult neovasculogenesis and maintenance of vascular integrity. Scarce data have been provided for the individual effect of elevated free fatty acids (FFAs) on EPCs. This study was designed to investigate the association between Akt/eNOS signal pathway changes and the proliferation/function of EPCs ...
Jain V P - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is found naturally in dairy and beef products at levels of 0.2% to 2% of the total fat. A more concentrated source of dietary CLA, low in saturated fat, would be highly desirable to obtain optimum CLA levels of about 3 g/d. We recently reported photoisomerization ...
Andersson Charlotte - - 2008
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with fatty acid alterations characterized by low linoleic and docosahexaenoic acid. It is not clear whether these fatty acid alterations are directly linked to cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) dysfunction or result from nutrient malabsorption. We hypothesized that if fatty acid alterations are a ...
Fauconnier Marie-Laure - - 2008
Oxylipins constitute a class of molecules notably involved in host-pathogen interactions. In the potato-Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) De Barry (P. infestans) relationships, the role of colneleic and colnelenic acids, two oxylipins resulting from the consecutive action of lipoxygenase (EC 1.13.11.12) and divinyl ether synthase (EC 1.-) on respectively linoleic and linolenic ...
Jain Kavita - - 2008
Fatty acid nitration is a recently discovered process that generates biologically active nitro lipids; however, its mechanism has not been fully characterized. For example, some structural details such as vinyl and allyl isomers of the nitro fatty acids have not been established. To characterize lipids that originated from a biomimetic ...
Su Mingyu - - 2008
To further evaluate the photosynthetic effects of nanoanatase, the improvement of spinach chloroplast photosynthesis damaged by linolenic acid was investigated in the present paper. Several results showed that after the addition of nanoanatase to the linolenic acid-treated chloroplast, the light absorption increased by linolenic acid could be decreased, but the ...
Chung Soo Hyun - - 2008
This study was performed to discover bifidobacteria isolated from human intestines that optimally convert linoleic acid (LA) to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and to optimize the culture conditions of milk fermentation. One hundred and fifty neonatal bifidobacteria were screened for CLA-producing ability, and Bifidobacterium breve LMC 017 was selected as ...
Gallardo Emerenciana - - 2008
The effect of lipids on the formation of the Strecker aldehyde phenylacetaldehyde during wort boiling was studied to determine the role that small changes in the lipid content of the wort have in the production of significant flavor compounds in beer. Wort was treated with 0-2.77 mmol per liter of ...
Bernklau E J - - 2008
Using a bioassay-driven approach, we have isolated and identified a blend of compounds from the roots of germinating corn, Zea mays L., that serve as feeding stimulants for neonate western corn rootworm larvae, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). The active blend is a combination of simple sugars (30:4:4 mg/ml ...
Pittman David W - - 2008
A series of brief-access (15s) behavioral assays following the formation of a conditioned taste aversion (CTA) to linoleic acid were performed in order to follow up on observations showing differences in the chemosensory responses to dietary fat in obesity-prone (Osborne-Mendel [O-M]) and obesity-resistant (S5B/Pl) rat strains. Strong aversions to linoleic ...
Yara Asanori - - 2008
Linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3) are sources for various oxidized metabolites called oxylipins, some of which inhibit growth of fungal pathogens. In a previous study, we found disease resistance to rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea enhanced in 18:2-accumulating transgenic rice (F78Ri) in which the conversion from 18:2 to ...
Jenko Kimberly J - - 2008
This study examined the effects of five CLA isomers and the non-conjugated LA on nitric oxide (NO) production, an important modulator of vasodilation, inflammation, and cytotoxicity. Bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) were pretreated with pure CLAs (c9, c11-, c9, t11-, t9, t11-, t10, c12-, c11, c13-CLA) and the non-conjugated c9, ...
Zhou Xiao-Rong - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a class of positional, geometric, conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid. Dietary CLA supplementation has resulted in a dramatic decrease in body fat mass in mice. However, some but not all studies in mice and humans have found that CLA promoted insulin resistance, and there ...
Lang Imke - - 2008
The dioxygenation of PUFAs (polyunsaturated fatty acids) in plants is mainly catalysed by members of the LOX (lipoxygenase) enzyme family. LOX products may be further metabolized, and are known as signalling substances in plant development and in responses to wounding and pathogen attack. In contrast with the situation in eukaryotes, ...
Pereira Leonardo M - - 2008
Inflammation is a crucial step for the wound healing process. The effect of linoleic and oleic acids on the inflammatory response of the skin during the healing process and on the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines by rat neutrophils in vitro was investigated. A wound in the dorsal surface of adult ...
Radosavljević T - - 2008
This study examines possible synergistic effects of lindane and ethanol on inducing liver injury and serum fatty acid derangement in adult male Wistar rats. When administered together, ethanol and lindane-induced even more pronounced increase of alanine aminotransferase (165 +/- 10 U/L) and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activity (10.3 +/- 0.6 U/L) than after ...
Nakamura Yukiko K - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been the subject of extensive investigation regarding its possible benefits on a variety of human diseases. In some animal studies, CLA has been shown to have a beneficial effect on sclerotic lesions associated with atherosclerosis, be a possible anti-carcinogen, increase feed efficiency, and act as ...
Stachowska Ewa - - 2008
Conjugated dienes of linoleic acid (CLA) are fatty acids widely found in food of animal and plant origin. CLA has been the subject of extensive investigation regarding its possible benefits on a variety of human diseases. This short review summarizes the state of knowledge about the anticancer and antitumor properties ...
Huang Y - - 2008
Thirty-six Holstein cows were blocked by parity and allotted by stage of lactation to 6 treatments to evaluate the effects of dietary soy oil, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA; free acid or calcium salt), or both, on CLA content of milk. Diets were fed for 4 wk and are as follows: ...
Yu In-Sik - - 2008
The conversion of linoleic acid into 10-hydroxy-12(Z)-octadecenoic acid by whole cells of Stenotrophomonas nitritireducens as an isolated bacterium was optimized, and the optimal temperature, pH, and cell and substrate concentrations were 30 degrees C, 7.5, and 20 and 20 g/L, respectively. Under these conditions, whole cells in a bioreactor produced ...
Manini Paola - - 2008
Nitration of unsaturated fatty acids is a (patho)physiologically important pathway of lipid modification induced by nitric oxide-derived species. We report herein on the unexpected chain rearrangement undergone by (13S,9Z,11E)-13-hydroxyoctadeca-9,11-dienoic acid (1), a linoleic acid metabolite, when exposed to nitrating agents of biological relevance. At pH 7.4 and at room temperature, ...
Kim J H - - 2008
This study was performed to examine an efficient way to use oil by-product which is obtained during the purification process of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from safflower oil. The CLA by-product (CBP) was fed to the laying hens to accumulate CLA in the egg yolk. Egg yolk samples from 3 ...
Stumpe Michael - - 2008
Formation of 13-lipoxygenase-derived divinyl ethers has been described in garlic bulbs. Here, the identification of a cDNA from garlic is described, which encodes for an enzyme that corresponds to divinyl ether synthases (DES). The recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and shown to metabolize 13-hydroperoxy as well as 9-hydroperoxy ...
José A A F B V - - 2008
The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in adipose tissue explant cultures of growing pigs on the following responses: lipogenesis (measured as rate of (14)C-labeled glucose incorporation over a subsequent 2-h incubation in the presence or absence of insulin), ...
Kim Taekyung - - 2008
To investigate the feasibility of developing a new tenoxicam transdermal delivery system (TDS), the pharmacokinetics of tenoxicam from various formulated TDS were evaluated and compared with values following oral administration of tenoxicam and with application of a piroxicam plaster (Trast) marketed in Korea. Based on previous in-vitro study results, a ...
Yanagita Teruyoshi - - 2008
The metabolic syndrome is increasingly prevalent in worldwide. The quality and quantity of dietary lipids could be important modulators associated with the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. At present, functional lipids such as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and phospholipids have attracted considerable attention because of their beneficial biological effects in attenuating ...
Moon Hyun-Seuk - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecadienoic acid [linoleic acid (LA), 18:2n-6]. Although ruminant milk and meat products represent the largest natural source of CLA and therefore, their concentration in ruminant lipids are of interest to human health, chemical or physical modifications of ...
Zlatanos Spiros N - - 2008
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a naturally occurring anticarcinogen found in dairy products, is an intermediary product of ruminal biohydrogenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Few data exist on the CLA content of the human blood plasma. The determination of a "normal" content could help in estimating if a person consumes satisfactory ...
Hernández M Luisa - - 2008
Callus cultures from olive (Olea europaea L.) were used to study characteristics of desaturation in this oil-rich tissue. The incorporation of [1-(14)C]oleate and [1-(14)C]linoleate into complex lipids and their further desaturation was followed in incubations of up to 48 h. Both radiolabelled fatty acids were rapidly incorporated into lipids, especially ...
Miller Jessica R - - 2008
The adipocyte-derived secretory protein adiponectin functions as an insulin-sensitizing agent. In plasma, adiponectin exists as low, medium, and high molecular weight oligomers. Treatment with trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t-10, c-12 CLA) reduces levels of adiponectin as well as triglyceride (TG) in mice and adipocyte cell culture models. The aim ...
Deng Ming-De - - 2007
Propionibacterium acnes strain ATCC 6919 catalyzes the isomerization of the double bond at the C9 position in linoleic acid (c9,c12, 18:2) to form t10,c12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA, 18:2). CLA has significant health benefits in animal and human. The linoleic acid C9 isomerase was purified to an apparent homogeneity by ...
Martin Diana - - 2007
The fatty acid profile of the subcutaneous fat of pigs and its evolution throughout fattening as affected by dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and their interaction (CLAxMUFA) were studied. Three levels (0, 1, and 2%) of an enriched CLA oil (28% cis-9, trans-11 and 28% trans-10, ...
Diniz Yeda S - - 2008
Studies on conjugated linoleic acid ingestion and its effect on cardiac tissue are necessary for the safe utilization of this compound as supplement for weight loss. Male Wistar 24-rats were divided into four groups (n=6):(C)given standard chow, water and 0.5 ml saline, twice a week by gavage; (C-CLA)receiving standard chow, ...
Lin De - - 2007
As a class of linoleic acid oxidation products, epoxyketooctadecenoic acids (EKODEs), are formed in vivo and in vitro by a free radical mechanism initiated by either enzymatic or nonenzymatic pathways. They have so far been made available in small-scale quantities, often as isomeric mixtures, from reductive decomposition of linoleic acid-derived ...
Badr El-Din Nariman K - - 2007
Antioxidants prevent rancidity (lipid peroxidation) and natural antioxidants, e.g., α-tocopherol, likely provide additional value to oil-based food products because of their health benefits. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has potential health benefits and may exhibit antioxidant properties. The main aim of this study was to compare the antioxidant efficacy of α-tocopherol, ...
Widmer K W - - 2007
Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) is a compound that plays a key role in bacterial cell-to-cell communication (quorum sensing). Previous research has shown certain food matrices inhibit this signaling compound. Using the reporter strain, Vibrio harveyi BB170, quorum-sensing inhibitors contained in poultry meat wash (PMW) samples were characterized by molecular weight and hydrophobic ...
Lee K - - 2007
AIMS: To observe the antiobesity activity of trans-10,cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-producing lactobacillus in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lactobacillus plantarum PL62, which can grow in the presence of linoleic acid, was selected and studied. The culture supernatant of Lact. plantarum PL62 contained trans-10,cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (6.4 microg ml(-1)), and the crude ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >