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Ayaz Faik A - - 2009
Although the fruit of the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L. Fabaceae) is nutritious and widely available in Turkey, especially in West and South Anatolia, much remains to be learned about its nutrient composition. The main goal of our study was to determine if there are differences in the content of ...
Kennedy Arion - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a family of fatty acids found in beef, dairy foods and dietary supplements, reduces adiposity in several animal models of obesity and some human studies. However, the isomer-specific antiobesity mechanisms of action of CLA are unclear, and its use in humans is controversial. This review will ...
Kadamne Jeta V - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers in oils are currently measured as fatty acid methyl esters by a gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) technique, which requires approximately 2 h to complete the analysis. Hence, we aim to develop a method to rapidly determine CLA isomers in CLA-rich soy oil. Soy oil ...
Alfaia Cristina M M - - 2010
The effect of boiling, microwaving and grilling on the composition and nutritional quality of beef intramuscular fat from cattle fed with two diets was investigated. Longissimus lumborum muscle from 15 Alentejano young bulls fed on concentrate or pasture was analyzed. Cooking losses and, consequently, total lipids, increased directly with the ...
McKain Nest - - 2010
Cultures of ruminal bacteria known to metabolize unsaturated fatty acids were grown in medium containing 50 microg ml(-1) of geometric and positional isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or 18 : 1 fatty acids and 37.4 % deuterium oxide to investigate the mechanisms responsible for fatty acid metabolism. Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens ...
Chen Qing - - 2009
Fatty acid desaturase-2 (FAD2) introduces a double bond in position Delta12 in oleic acid (18:1) to form linoleic acid (18:2 n-6) in higher plants and microbes. A new transgenic expression cassette, containing CMV promoter/fad2 cDNA/SV40 polyA, was constructed to produce transgenic mice. Among 63 healthy offspring, 10 founders (15.9%) integrated ...
Christy Alfred A - - 2009
The products formed by thermally induced isomerization of trilinolein and trilinoelaidin at 250 degrees C were studied by infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography. The triglycerides of the 9c12c and 9t12t fatty acids, linoleic and linoelaidic acid respectively, were subjected to thermal treatment under nitrogen in glass. The products were removed ...
Hu Hui - - 2009
The free fatty acid receptor, GPR40, is implicated in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes, and is a new potential drug target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Its antagonist is thought to be not only a useful chemical probe for further exploring the function of GPR40 but also ...
Tsai Nien-Pei NP Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota Medical School, 6-120 Jackson Hall, 321 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0217, - - 2009
Nuclear receptors can be activated by chemicals, metabolites, hormones or environmental compounds to regulate gene expression. Bioassay-guided screening of mouse tissue extracts found that natural fatty acids of a certain carbon length and level of unsaturation could activate the mouse orphan nuclear receptor, testicular orphan receptor 4 (TR4). Subsequent experiments ...
Jung Sun Young - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study is aimed to examine the feasibility of developing ubidecarenone (coenzyme Q(10), CoQ(10)) transdermal delivery systems (TDS). METHOD: In vitro permeation study using solution formulation and pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) TDS and in vivo pharmacokinetic study were conducted. RESULTS: When using solution formulations, isopropyl alcohol (103.39 +/- 1.61), ethyl ...
Mallia Silvia - - 2009
Dairy products enriched in unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) and conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have a higher nutritional value and are suggested to have beneficial health effects. However, such acids are susceptible to oxidation, and off-flavors may be formed during storage. This study was aimed to compare the most important odorants ...
Chechetkin I R - - 2009
The lipoxygenase-catalyzed oxidation of linoleic acid homologs was studied. While the linoleic acid oxidation by maize 9-lipoxygenase (9-LO) specifically produced (9S)-hydroperoxide, the dioxygenation of (11Z,14Z)-eicosadienoic (20:2) and (13Z,16Z)-docosadienoic (22:2) acids by the same enzyme lacked regio- and stereospecificity. The oxidation of 20:2 and 22:2 by 9-LO afforded low yields of ...
Tsuyama Shoichiro - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has a role of biogenic regulation through modifying prostaglandin production. However, its effects on related metabolites of arachidonate remain unclear. Therefore, the effects of CLA on brain endocannabinoid content as well as its analogs were investigated. Mice (3-week-old), provided with diets containing 3% linoleic acid or ...
De La Fuente L F - - 2009
Between January 2006 and December 2007, a total of 4,579 test-day observations for contents of milk fatty acids (FA) were obtained from 2,218 lactations of 1,109 ewes belonging to 14 Churra dairy flocks. The 36 analyzed FA were quantified as grams per 100 g of total FA and were grouped ...
Kawahara Satoshi - - 2009
We investigated the effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on fatty acid composition and lipid oxidation in breast meat of broiler chickens. Broiler chickens (28-day-old females) were fed diets containing experimental oils at 20 g/kg diet for 28 days. The experimental oils consisted of either a 2:0, 1:1, or ...
- - 2009
Dietary linoleic acid, an n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, is metabolised to arachidonic acid, a component of colonocyte membranes. Metabolites of arachidonic acid have pro-inflammatory properties and are increased in the mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis. The aim of this investigation was to conduct the first prospective cohort study investigating ...
Christy Alfred A - - 2009
Thermally induced isomerisation leading to the formation of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) has been observed for the first time during the thermal treatment of 9t12t fatty acid triacylglycerol, and methyl ester. Fifteen microlitre portions of the triacylglycerol sample containing 9t12t fatty acid (trilinoelaidin) were placed in micro glass ampoules and ...
Baddini Feitoza A - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) refers to a family of polyunsaturated fatty acids, being represented by a group of isomers of linoleic acid called conjugated for having a double bound after a simple bound. Among its isomers, trans-10,cis-12 and cis-9, cis-12 CLA stand out. These isomers can lead to different effects ...
Wang Rui R Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, 1600 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, FL, - - 2009
Linoleic acid is required for normal mammalian health and development, but is also prone to oxidation, yielding metabolites with biological effects. We screened linoleic acid, other fatty acids, and some of their derivatives and found that an epoxy-keto derivative of linoleic acid (but neither linoleic acid itself nor others of ...
Joseph Shama V - - 2009
Evidence suggests that minor isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), such as trans8, cis10 CLA, can elicit unique biological effects of their own. In order to determine the effect of a mixture of t8, c10+c9, t11 CLA isomers on selected aspects of lipid metabolism, 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated for 8 ...
Ortiz Berenice - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid obtained from ruminant products. Previous studies in rats and pigs showed that a dietary equimolar mixture of c9,t11 and t10,c12 CLA isomers induces changes in serum and tissue levels of retinoids (vitamin A derivatives). However, the mechanism(s) responsible for these actions ...
Prandini Aldo - - 2009
CLA levels and fatty acid composition were measured to compare the fat composition in organic bulk milk, destined to the production of Grana Padano cheese, with those produced by conventional system. The curds and Grana Padano cheeses were also analysed to evaluate the effects of the production technology on the ...
Tooker John F - - 2009
Gall-inducing insects are accomplished plant parasites that can profoundly influence host-plant physiology. We recently reported that the caterpillar Gnorimoschema gallaesolidaginis failed to significantly alter emissions of host-plant volatiles that often recruit natural enemies of insect herbivores, and demonstrated that a caterpillar species feeding on linolenate-deficient plant tissues avoids inducing some ...
Yang Lin - - 2009
Interest in conjugated linolenic acid (CLnA) and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) as functional lipids is growing. The present study was (i) to study the oxidative stability of individual CLnA isomers and (ii) to compare the oxidative stabilities of CLnA and CLA with their corresponding nonconjugated counterparts, α-linolenic acid (LN) and ...
Wall Rebecca - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent reports suggest that the metabolic activity of the gut microbiota may contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity and hepatic steatosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether the fat composition of host tissues might be influenced by oral administration of commensal bifidobacteria previously shown by us to produce ...
Sparagna Genevieve C - - 2009
Cardiolipin (CL) is a mitochondrial phospholipid that fundamentally contributes to the function of many proteins in the inner mitochondrial membrane, where it is actively involved in the integrity and flux of the electron transport chain. In the heart, functional CL is linoleic acid rich, and the loss of linoleic acid ...
Lall Rahul K - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-rich soy oil has been produced by soy oil linoleic acid (LA) photoisomerization, but CLA-rich oil triacylglycerol (TAG) characterization was not described. Therefore, the objectives were to identify and quantify new TAG fractions in CLA-rich oil by nonaqueous reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (NARP-HPLC). Analytical NARP-HPLC with an ...
Yang F Q - - 2009
Ten free fatty acids namely lauric acid, myristic acid, pentadecanoic acid, palmitoleic acid, palmitic acid, linoleic acid, oleic acid, stearic acid, docosanoic acid and lignoceric acid and four free sterols including ergosterol, cholesterol, campesterol and beta-sitosterol in natural (wild) Cordyceps sinensis, Cordyceps liangshanensis and Cordyceps gunnii, as well as cultured ...
Stachowska E - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLAs) are positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid with have a potential anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammation properties. Metabolites of arachidonic acid--prostaglandins and thromboxans--are endogenous mediators of inflammation. Prostaglandin E(2) and thromboxan A(2) which are a products of two izoformes of cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) in macrophages, play ...
Gemeinhardt Anja - - 2009
Phospholipase D (PLD) is a receptor-regulated signalling enzyme involved in biological functions, such as exocytosis, phagocytosis, actin dynamics, membrane trafficking, and is considered to be essential for stimulated degranulation of cells. The purpose of our investigation was to examine how the fatty acid pattern of cellular membranes influences the activities ...
Niisuke Katrin - - 2009
Biosynthesis of the leukotriene A (LTA) class of epoxide is a lipoxygenase-catalyzed transformation requiring a fatty acid hydroperoxide substrate containing at least three double bonds. Here, we report on biosynthesis of a dienoic analog of LTA epoxides via a different enzymatic mechanism. Beginning with homolytic cleavage of the hydroperoxide moiety, ...
Leone Vanessa A - - 2009
Effects of feeding conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) to hens on progeny chick development and composition at hatch (NHC) and three weeks of age (TWC) were assessed. CLA (0 or 0.5%, composed of mixed isomers of cis-9,trans-11 or trans-10,cis-12-CLA) was fed to hens with either safflower (SO) or olive oil (OO) ...
Ando A - - 2009
AIMS: Bio-process development for isomer selective and efficient production of cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid (CLA) from trans-vaccenic acid (t-VA, trans-11-octadecenoic acid) through microbial fatty acid Delta9-desaturation reaction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 550 strains of fungi and yeasts were screened for CLA production from t-VA through Delta9 desaturation. Delacroixia coronata IFO ...
Piccione G - - 2009
In the sport field, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) are important for the physical performance during the aerobic exercise of short intensity and long duration. In man, rat, goat and in the sedentary horse studies on the chronometabolism showed the presence of a circadian rhythm of the plasmatic concentration of NEFA ...
Devillard Estelle - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is formed from linoleic acid (LA; cis-9,cis-12-18:2) by intestinal bacteria. Different CLA isomers have different implications for human health. The aim of this study was to investigate LA metabolism and the CLA isomers formed in two individuals (V1 and V2) with different faecal metabolic characteristics, and ...
Miranda Jonatan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of trans-10,cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on liver size and composition, as well as on hepatic lipogenesis and fatty acid oxidation, in adult hamsters. METHODS: Sixteen male Syrian Golden hamsters (8-month-old; initial body weight 167 +/- 5 g) were divided into two groups and fed ...
Hennessy A A - - 2009
AIMS: To determine the effect of a range of supplements on the bioconversion of linoleic acid to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) by Bifidobacterium breve NCIMB 702258 in reconstituted skim milk (RSM). RESULTS: Seven supplements (yeast extract, casein hydrolysate, tryptone, l-cysteine hydrochloride, sodium acetate, sodium butyrate and sodium propionate) were identified ...
Hernández-Martín Estela - - 2009
New structured lipids essentially free of saturated fatty acids and rich in essential fatty acids and CLA were prepared from soybean oil using a selective enzymatic procedure of synthesis. Saturated fatty acids originally present in the oil were selectively removed in a selective alcoholysis step. Enzymatic re-esterification with conjugated linoleic ...
Lee Ju-Hye - - 2009
AIMS: This study was performed to elucidate whether mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in the modulation of the proliferation and differentiation of skeletal muscle cells by fatty acids. MAIN METHODS: C2C12 myoblasts were cultured in differentiation medium containing 2% horse serum for 3 days, and treated with each fatty ...
Yilmaz-Dikmen B - - 2009
This research was carried out to investigate the correlations among age, yolk fatty acids content, and incubation results of broiler breeders. Egg samples were obtained from Ross 308 broiler breeder parent stock at 28, 45, and 65 wk of age. A total of 1,800 eggs were used for incubation results ...
Churruca Itziar - - 2009
The term conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) refers to a mixture of linoleic acid positional and geometric isomers, characterized by having conjugated double bonds, not separated by a methylene group as in linoleic acid. CLA isomers appear as a minor component of the lipid fraction, found mainly in meat and dairy ...
Serra Iv?n - - 2009
Unsaturated free fatty acids (FFAs), such as palmitoleic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids, have inhibitory actions on mutagenesis. These FFAs in bile may play a role in preventing cholecystopathy and their levels may be influenced by diet. However, the effects of dietary intake on biliary FFAs levels are not ...
McIntosh Freda M - - 2009
Faecal bacteria from four human donors and six species of human intestinal bacteria known to metabolize linoleic acid (LA) were incubated with LA in deuterium oxide-enriched medium to investigate the mechanisms of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vaccenic acid (VA) formation. The main CLA products in faecal suspensions, rumenic acid ...
Benjamin Sailas - - 2009
ABSTRACT: This review evaluates the health benefits of the functional food, conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) - a heterogeneous group of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid predominantly found in milk, milk products, meat and meat products of ruminants. During the past couple of decades, hundreds of reports - principally ...
Gumus Koray - - 2009
To review and integrate recent advances in identifying the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of dry eye conditions and the biological rationale and practical clinical aspects of newer, antiinflammatory theories. A comprehensive literature survey. Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) is a multifactorial and complex disorder in which ocular surface inflammations play ...
Donnelly Christina C Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, and the Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire, - - 2009
Spot 14 (THRSP, S14) is a nuclear protein involved in the regulation of genes required for fatty acid synthesis in normal and malignant mammary epithelial and adipose cells. Harvatine and Bauman (1) reported that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) inhibits S14 gene expression in bovine mammary and mouse adipose tissues and ...
Wu Di - - 2009
This paper proposes an analytical method for simultaneous near-infrared (NIR) spectrometric determination of alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid in eight types of edible vegetable oils and their blending. For this purpose, a combination of spectral wavelength selection by wavelet transform (WT) and elimination of uninformative variables (UVE) was proposed to obtain ...
Vasta Valentina - - 2009
The aim of the present work was to study the effects of tannins from carob (CT; Ceratonia siliqua), acacia leaves (AT; Acacia cyanophylla) and quebracho (QT; Schinopsis lorentzii) on ruminal biohydrogenation in vitro. The tannins extracted from CT, AT and QT were incubated for 12 h in glass syringes in ...
Torres Carlos F - - 2008
We conducted a near quantitative esterification of phytosterols from soybean oil deodorizer distillate with conjugated linoleic acid. We used a 1:1 molar ratio of sterols to conjugated linoleic acid. For that matter, stepwise addition of sterols was investigated. Total sterols were divided into several portions and added sequentially to the ...
Zhou X-R - - 2008
We report the first isolation and characterization of insect fatty acid Delta12-desaturase genes, AdD12Des from house cricket (Acheta domesticus) and TcD12Des from the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum), responsible for the production of linoleic acid from oleic acid. Sequence analysis shows the cricket and flour beetle Delta12-desaturase genes have evolved ...
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