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Results 201 - 250 of 1509
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Zaman Munir M - - 2010
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients display a fatty acid imbalance characterized by low linoleic acid levels and variable changes in arachidonic acid. This led to the recommendation that CF patients consume a high-fat diet containing >6% linoleic acid. We hypothesized that increased conversion of linoleic acid to arachidonic acid in CF ...
Zhai Jia-jie - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been shown to reduce body fat mass in various experimental animals. It is valuable to identify its influence on enzymes involved in energy expenditure, apoptosis, fatty acid oxidation and lipolysis. We investigated isomer-specific effects of high dose, long treatment of CLA (75.4 μmol/L, 8 days) ...
Wu Zhifang - - 2010
The effect of human SCD1 heterologous expression on cellular fatty acid synthesis was investigated in the current study. The SCD1 gene expression cassette and PGK-neomycin-selectable marker cassette were co-introduced into HEK 293 cells by electroporation, and subsequently, SCD1 expression was evaluated by fatty acid analysis. RT-PCR analysis indicated that the ...
Sorrentino Flavia - - 2010
This work proposes a novel approach for enhancing the yield of lovastatin in Aspergillus terreus cultures by exploiting linoleic acid-derived signalling molecules, which are potentially involved in fungal cell-cell communication. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed that production of lovastatin was enhanced up to 1.8-fold upon exogenous addition of the oxylipin ...
Ecker Josef - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are dietary fatty acids. Whereas cis-9,trans-11-(c9,t11)-CLA can be found in meat and dairy products, trans-9,trans-11-(t9,t11)-CLA is a constituent of vegetable oils. Previous studies showed that these two isomers activate different nuclear receptors and, thus, expression of genes related to lipid metabolism. Here we show that these ...
Cocchi Massimo - - 2010
In our study we have evaluated the theme of the platelet fatty acid composition in subjects with a clinical diagnosis of Major Depression (MD), in subjects with a clinical diagnosis of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) according to the coronary angiography and in control subjects. We have analyzed all the groups ...
Nigam Santosh - - 2011
Quorum sensing (QS) enables microorganisms to monitor their own density of population, and also their pathogenicity by intracellular signals, and synchronizing their specialized gene system in a particular cell density. QS system has been shown in Candida sp. as switching mechanism between successive phases in Candida cell morphology. The lag ...
Islam Mohammad A - - 2010
The anticarcinogenic activity of a mixture of trans,trans-conjugated linoleic acid (trans,trans-CLA) was investigated in rat mammary tumorigenesis induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU), with references to cis-9,trans-11-CLA and trans-10,cis-12-CLA isomers. Female, 7-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with MNU (50 mg/kg of body weight) and then subjected to one of five diets ...
Huang Yaw-Bin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to optimize hesperetin cream formulations by in vitro permeation study and evaluate topical whitening active effect and skin irritation by in vivo study. The results showed that the solubility of lipophilic compound of hesperetin was increased by short-chain alcohol including ethanol, glycerin, propylene glycol ...
Michishita T - - 2010
This single-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigated the effects of administering a mixture of four amino acids (lysine, proline, alanine and arginine) with or without conjugated linoleic acid to healthy overweight humans before and after exercising. Forty-one healthy subjects (body mass index >or= 23 to < 30 kg/m(2)) completed the ...
Patwardhan Amol M - - 2010
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channel is the principal detector of noxious heat in the peripheral nervous system. TRPV1 is expressed in many nociceptors and is involved in heat-induced hyperalgesia and thermoregulation. The precise mechanism or mechanisms mediating the thermal sensitivity of TRPV1 are unknown. Here, we have ...
Zobiole Luiz H S - - 2010
The cultivation of glyphosate-resistant (GR) soybeans has continuously increased worldwide in recent years mainly due to the importance of glyphosate in current weed management systems. However, not much has been done to understand eventual effects of glyphosate application on GR soybean physiology, especially those related to seed composition with potential ...
Jardim Bruno C - - 2010
Lipoxygenases (LOXs, EC 1.13.11.12) are a class of non-heme iron containing dioxygenases which catalyze the regiospecific and stereospecific hydroperoxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids with 1,4-pentadiene system such as linoleic acid and linolenic acid in plants. In this work we studied the LOX activity in damaged as well as in distal ...
Andreou Alexandra - - 2010
Lipoxygenases are enzymes that are found ubiquitously in higher animals and plants, but have only recently been identified in a number of bacteria. The genome of the diazotrophic unicellular cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. harbors two genes with homology to lipoxygenases. Here we describe the isolation of one gene, formerly named csplox2. ...
Kim Young S - - 2010
The differential anticarcinogenic activity of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers, including c9,t11-CLA, t10,c12-CLA, and t,t-CLA, was examined in a mouse forestomach carcinogenesis regimen induced by benzo(a)pyrene (BP). Female ICR mice (6-7 weeks of age, 26 +/- 1 g) were divided into six groups (30 mice/group, 5 mice/cage): control, linoleic acid, ...
Reynolds C M - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are a family of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), some isomers occurring naturally in beef and dairy products and others being formed as a result of bihydrogenation of vegetable oils to form margarine. Synthetic and natural sources of CLA may have beneficial effects in a range of ...
Petersson Helena - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the relationships of serum fatty acid (FA) composition and estimated desaturase activities with the liver fat marker alanine aminotransferase (ALT). METHODS: 546 Swedish elderly men of a population-based cohort participated in this cross-sectional study. FA composition was assessed in serum cholesterol esters to determine dietary fat quality ...
Huot Pedro S P - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) refers to a group of biologically active fatty acids that exhibit anticarcinogenic properties; however, the mechanism of action remains poorly understood. Caveolae are specialized plasma membrane structures that affect many facets of cancer cell function, including growth, cell signaling, and apoptosis. Therefore, one potential mechanism could ...
Goebel Alexandra S B - - 2010
In the basic therapy of chronic skin diseases characterized by xerosis, the local treatment is an essential strategy to reach ideal therapeutic effects. Suitable active ingredients for this aim are fatty acids, in particular linoleic acid, which is an essential component for the organization and perpetuation of the skin barrier. ...
Demir Ayhan S - - 2010
An efficient chemoenzymatic method for preparing conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) using free linoleic acid (LA) as a substrate is described. In the first step, LA was transformed into 10-hydroxy-cis-12-octadecenoic acid (HA) by the whole cells of Lactobacillus plantarum after 48 h of incubation. The preincubation of whole cells with 0.03% ...
Dugan M E R - - 2010
In western Canada, ethanol is produced mainly from wheat. As the demand for wheat increases, so do grain prices, which in turn creates incentives for feeding reduced-cost distillers coproducts to livestock. Substitution of wheat dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) for barley grain may also create opportunities for enhancing beef ...
Bolton Bryson - - 2010
Discrimination of vapor-phase linoleic, oleic, and stearic fatty acids was studied using triangle tests. For each trial, 2 of the 3 modified odorant delivery containers (MODCs) had the same content and 1 was different. Contents were either mineral oil-diluted linoleic or oleic acids, with mineral oil in the other MODC ...
Brodhun Florian - - 2010
In Aspergillus nidulans Ppos [psi (precocious sexual inducer)-producing oxygenases] are required for the production of so-called psi factors, compounds that control the balance between the sexual and asexual life cycle of the fungus. The genome of A. nidulans harbours three different ppo genes: ppoA, ppoB and ppoC. For all three ...
Peng Y - - 2010
This experiment was conducted to determine if CLA could be transferred from sows to their offspring through the umbilical cord or milk. Eighteen pregnant Dalland sows of mixed parity were used in a completely randomized block design based on parity and BW. The sows were allotted to 1 of 3 ...
Jerner?n Fredrik - - 2010
Aspergilli express fusion proteins of an animal haem peroxidase domain with fatty acid dioxygenase (DOX) activity ( approximately 600 amino acids) and a functional or non-functional hydroperoxide isomerase/cytochrome P450 domain ( approximately 500 amino acids with EXXR and GPHXCLG motifs). 5,8-Linoleate diol synthases (LDS; ppoA) and 10R-DOX (ppoC) of Aspergillusnidulans ...
Jernerén Fredrik - - 2010
Oxygenation of linoleic acid by Aspergillus terreus was studied with LC-MS/MS. 9(R)-Hydroperoxy-10(E),12(Z)-octadecadienoic acid (9R-HpODE) was identified along with 10(R)-hydroxy-8(E),12(Z)-octadecadienoic acid and variable amounts of 8(R)-hydroxy-9(Z),12(Z)-octadecadienoic acid. 9R-HpODE was formed from [11S-2H]18:2n-6 with loss of the deuterium label, suggesting antarafacial hydrogen abstraction and oxygenation. Two polar metabolites were identified as 9-hydroxy-10-oxo-12(Z)-octadecenoic ...
Huh Sungran - - 2010
Ten fatty acid alkyl esters isolated from Oxalis triangularis, were evaluated for the effects on melanogenesis using mouse B16 melanoma cells. Treatment of methyl linoleate, methyl linolenate, ethyl linoleate and ethyl linolenate significantly blocked forskolin-induced melanogenesis and inhibited tyrosinase activity. In addition, we found that they inhibited cAMP production, suggesting ...
Stachowska Ewa - - 2010
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease characterised by the accumulation of lipids and their metabolites in the artery wall. During inflammation circulating LDL are taken up by macrophages through two major scavenger receptors: CD36 and scavenger receptor A (SRA). Fatty acids that are common in food, e.g. linoleic acid and n-3 ...
Sato Mayumi - - 2010
Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG) contents in conifer leaves and their fatty acid (FA) compositions were determined. The SQDG content was 16-36 mg/100 g, and was high in Picea glehnii. Palmitic and alpha-linolenic acid were the usually predominant FAs. In Picea, the proportion of alpha-linolenic acid was low, and those of oleic and ...
Gonçalves Daniela C - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a class of 28 positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid octadecadienoic.Currently, it has been described many benefits related to the supplementation of CLA in animals and humans, as in the treatment of cancer, oxidative stress, in atherosclerosis, in bone formation and composition in obesity, ...
Takahashi Saori - - 2010
We found renin inhibitory activity in rice. The physico-chemical data on the isolated inhibitors were identical to those of oleic acid and linoleic acid. Oleic acid and linoleic acid competitively inhibited renin activity, with K(i) values of 15.8 and 19.8 microM respectively. Other unsaturated free fatty acids also inhibited renin ...
Dervishi Elda - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are receiving increasing attention because of their beneficial effects on human health, with milk and meat products derived from ruminants as important sources of CLA in the human diet. SCD gene is responsible for some of the variation in CLA concentration in adipose tissues, and PPARgamma, ...
Wanders Anne J - - 2010
Trans fatty acids are produced either by industrial hydrogenation or by biohydrogenation in the rumens of cows and sheep. Industrial trans fatty acids lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, raise low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and increase the risk of coronary heart disease. The effects of trans fatty acids from ruminants are ...
BiaƂek Agnieszka - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are a group of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid with proven beneficial influence on health. They show e.g. anticarcinogenic, antiobesity, and antiatherogenic effect. Milk, dairy products and meat of poligastric animals are their most valuable dietary sources, with cis-9, trans-11 CLA (RA--rumenic acid) being ...
Walters John M JM Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, 300 West Drake Road, Fort Collins, CO 80523, - - 2010
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have anti-inflammatory effects at low concentrations; however increased dietary consumption may conversely increase susceptibility to oxidation by free radicals. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of PUFAs on selective oxidative injury and inflammatory biomarkers in canine urine and serum. Dogs (n = ...
Lee Kieun - - 2009
Lactobacillus rhamnosus PL60 was tested for whether it can produce c9,t11- and t10,c12-conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) in human. After consumption of L. rhamnosus PL60, L. rhamnosus was detected in feces 1 week after the start of intake. Analysis by gas chromatography showed that concentrations of c9,t11- and t10,c12-CLAs in serum ...
Ayaz Faik A - - 2009
Although the fruit of the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L. Fabaceae) is nutritious and widely available in Turkey, especially in West and South Anatolia, much remains to be learned about its nutrient composition. The main goal of our study was to determine if there are differences in the content of ...
Kennedy Arion - - 2010
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a family of fatty acids found in beef, dairy foods and dietary supplements, reduces adiposity in several animal models of obesity and some human studies. However, the isomer-specific antiobesity mechanisms of action of CLA are unclear, and its use in humans is controversial. This review will ...
Kadamne Jeta V - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers in oils are currently measured as fatty acid methyl esters by a gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) technique, which requires approximately 2 h to complete the analysis. Hence, we aim to develop a method to rapidly determine CLA isomers in CLA-rich soy oil. Soy oil ...
Alfaia Cristina M M - - 2010
The effect of boiling, microwaving and grilling on the composition and nutritional quality of beef intramuscular fat from cattle fed with two diets was investigated. Longissimus lumborum muscle from 15 Alentejano young bulls fed on concentrate or pasture was analyzed. Cooking losses and, consequently, total lipids, increased directly with the ...
McKain Nest - - 2010
Cultures of ruminal bacteria known to metabolize unsaturated fatty acids were grown in medium containing 50 microg ml(-1) of geometric and positional isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or 18 : 1 fatty acids and 37.4 % deuterium oxide to investigate the mechanisms responsible for fatty acid metabolism. Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens ...
Chen Qing - - 2009
Fatty acid desaturase-2 (FAD2) introduces a double bond in position Delta12 in oleic acid (18:1) to form linoleic acid (18:2 n-6) in higher plants and microbes. A new transgenic expression cassette, containing CMV promoter/fad2 cDNA/SV40 polyA, was constructed to produce transgenic mice. Among 63 healthy offspring, 10 founders (15.9%) integrated ...
Christy Alfred A - - 2009
The products formed by thermally induced isomerization of trilinolein and trilinoelaidin at 250 degrees C were studied by infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography. The triglycerides of the 9c12c and 9t12t fatty acids, linoleic and linoelaidic acid respectively, were subjected to thermal treatment under nitrogen in glass. The products were removed ...
Hu Hui - - 2009
The free fatty acid receptor, GPR40, is implicated in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes, and is a new potential drug target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Its antagonist is thought to be not only a useful chemical probe for further exploring the function of GPR40 but also ...
Tsai Nien-Pei - - 2009
Nuclear receptors can be activated by chemicals, metabolites, hormones or environmental compounds to regulate gene expression. Bioassay-guided screening of mouse tissue extracts found that natural fatty acids of a certain carbon length and level of unsaturation could activate the mouse orphan nuclear receptor, testicular orphan receptor 4 (TR4). Subsequent experiments ...
Jung Sun Young - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study is aimed to examine the feasibility of developing ubidecarenone (coenzyme Q(10), CoQ(10)) transdermal delivery systems (TDS). METHOD: In vitro permeation study using solution formulation and pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) TDS and in vivo pharmacokinetic study were conducted. RESULTS: When using solution formulations, isopropyl alcohol (103.39 +/- 1.61), ethyl ...
Mallia Silvia - - 2009
Dairy products enriched in unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) and conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have a higher nutritional value and are suggested to have beneficial health effects. However, such acids are susceptible to oxidation, and off-flavors may be formed during storage. This study was aimed to compare the most important odorants ...
Chechetkin I R - - 2009
The lipoxygenase-catalyzed oxidation of linoleic acid homologs was studied. While the linoleic acid oxidation by maize 9-lipoxygenase (9-LO) specifically produced (9S)-hydroperoxide, the dioxygenation of (11Z,14Z)-eicosadienoic (20:2) and (13Z,16Z)-docosadienoic (22:2) acids by the same enzyme lacked regio- and stereospecificity. The oxidation of 20:2 and 22:2 by 9-LO afforded low yields of ...
Tsuyama Shoichiro - - 2009
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has a role of biogenic regulation through modifying prostaglandin production. However, its effects on related metabolites of arachidonate remain unclear. Therefore, the effects of CLA on brain endocannabinoid content as well as its analogs were investigated. Mice (3-week-old), provided with diets containing 3% linoleic acid or ...
De La Fuente L F - - 2009
Between January 2006 and December 2007, a total of 4,579 test-day observations for contents of milk fatty acids (FA) were obtained from 2,218 lactations of 1,109 ewes belonging to 14 Churra dairy flocks. The 36 analyzed FA were quantified as grams per 100 g of total FA and were grouped ...
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