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Feng Liheng - - 2011
A highly selective and sensitive switch for d-fructose is formed by 8-hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid trisodium salt (HPTS) fluorescent dye and the tetra-boronic acid viologen receptor ToBV. The sensing system can not only recognize d-fructose among seven natural d-monosaccharides but also may distinguish the enantiomer of d/l-fructose. The research rationale and results ...
Kunert Christof - - 2011
Recent investigations led to the discovery of N-(1-methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene)aminopropionic acid as a taste modulator enhancing the typical thick-sour mouthdryness and mouthfulness imparted by stewed beef juice. In the present study, systematic model reactions were targeted towards the generation of a series of N-(1-methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene)-α-amino acids by Maillard-type reactions between creatinine and ribose, ...
Jantzer Katharina - - 2011
A method to grow the halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii in microtiter plates has been optimized and now allows the parallel generation of very reproducible growth curves. The doubling time in synthetic medium with glucose is around six hours. The method was used to optimize glucose and casamino acids concentrations, to ...
Li Guicun - - 2011
Poly(anilineboronic acid) (PABA) nanofibers with U-shaped and ring-shaped morphologies have been synthesized successfully by chemical polymerization of 3-aminophenylboronic acid (APBA) in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and NaF. The morphologies and sizes of PABA nanofibers can be controlled by adjusting the synthetic parameters, such as the concentrations of CTAB ...
Collins Jennifer M - - 2011
The primary products of de novo lipogenesis (DNL) are saturated fatty acids, which confer adverse cellular effects. Human adipocytes differentiated with no exogenous fat accumulated triacylglycerol (TG) in lipid droplets and differentiated normally. TG composition showed the products of DNL (saturated fatty acids from 12:0 to 18:0) together with unsaturated ...
Poudyal Hemant - - 2011
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD-1) is the rate-limiting enzyme that catalyses the conversion of saturated to monounsaturated fatty acids. Increased SCD-1 expression and activity has been implicated in cancer, cardiovascular diseases, insulin resistance and obesity. Studies with humans, wild-type rodents, knock-out mice and cells in culture show that SCD-1 inhibition decreases ...
Millet Coralie O M - - 2011
The metabolism of Spironucleus vortens, a parasitic, diplomonad flagellate related to Giardia intestinalis, was investigated using a combination of membrane inlet mass spectrometry, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, bioscreen continuous growth monitoring, and ion exchange chromatography. The products of glucose-fuelled and endogenous metabolism were identified by (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR ...
Matysik Silke - - 2011
Monitoring bile acids as signal molecules in combination with a bile acid synthesis marker and the FXR regulator fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), this study addresses significant postprandial changes. The efficacy of the different pathways to regulate bile acid synthesis through short heterodimer partner (SHP) dependent FXR modulation in liver, ...
Yang H J - - 2011
Cleavage of plant cell wall arabinoxylans occurs by the action of ferulic acid esterase (FAE) and acetyl esterase (AE), which cleave feruloyl groups substituted at the 5'-OH group of arabinosyl residues and acetyl groups substituted at O-2/O-3 of the xylan backbone, respectively. In this study, we examined the enzyme profiles ...
Dobrzyn Pawel - - 2011
In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that cardiac substrate utilization is affected by oleic acid originating from the endogenous conversion of stearate by stearoyl-CoA desaturase and from the diet. Here, we show that the cardiac oleate content is increased in tristearate (TS)- and trioleate (TO)-fed rats when compared ...
Lautenslager Gregory T - - 2011
Human serum albumin nonenzymatically condenses with glucose to form stable Amadori adducts that are increased with the hyperglycemia of diabetes. The present study evaluated the influence of fatty acids, which are major endogenous ligands, on albumin glycation and of glycation on albumin conformation and exogenous ligand binding. Physiologic concentrations of ...
Xu Limei - - 2011
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a critical sensor of nutritional sufficiency. Although much is known about the regulation of mTOR in response to growth factors, much less is known about the regulation of mTOR in response to nutrients. Amino acids have no impact on the signals that regulate ...
Raj M Amal - - 2011
4-(Dimethylamino)pyridine capped gold nanoparticles (DMAP-AuNPs) were synthesized in aqueous medium and then immobilized on 1,6-hexanedithiol (HDT) modified Au electrode for the selective determination of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA). The synthesized DMAP-AuNPs were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy and high resolution-transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The HR-TEM ...
Shima Noriaki - - 2011
Methamphetamine (MA) is an illicit psychostimulant, and its abuse has become an international public health problem. MA intoxication can cause life-threatening hyperthermia, renal and liver failure, cardiac arrhythmias, and neurological damage. To investigate the relationship between the underlying mechanism of such intoxication and metabolic networks, mass spectrometry-based metabolomics experiments were ...
Rodríguez-Penas Diego - - 2011
PURPOSE: We investigated whether the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren can affect metabolism in cardiomyocytes from rat, mouse and human sources. METHODS AND RESULTS: At 10-50μmol/L, aliskiren significantly increased medium-chain-fatty-acid uptake in primary-cultured neonatal-rat and HL-1 adult-mouse-derived cardiomyocytes (BODIPY-induced fluorescence intensity). The fatty-acid transporter CD-36 was correspondingly translocated to, but the ...
Lee Jae Man - - 2011
Nuclear hormone receptors regulate diverse metabolic pathways and the orphan nuclear receptor LRH-1 (also known as NR5A2) regulates bile acid biosynthesis. Structural studies have identified phospholipids as potential LRH-1 ligands, but their functional relevance is unclear. Here we show that an unusual phosphatidylcholine species with two saturated 12 carbon fatty ...
Teul Joanna - - 2011
Metabolite fingerprinting (metabolomics/metabonomics) is perfectly suited for assessing the biological response following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) as relevant information can be identified in both the change and the absence of change in metabolite concentrations as time progresses post syndrome. During this study the metabolic pattern of plasma from patients at ...
Liang Zhenchang Z Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2011
Polyphenolic profiles in the berry samples of 344 European grape (Vitis vinifera) cultivars were evaluated for two consecutive years. These cultivars represent a diverse collection of V. vinifera germplasm maintained at the USDA-Agricultural Research Service Vitis Clonal Repository in Davis of California, USA. A total of 36 polyphenolic compounds, including ...
Resmer Kelly L - - 2011
Metabolic footprinting of the anaerobic bacterium Fusobacterium varium demonstrated the accumulation of six carboxylic acids as metabolic end-products and revealed specific growth requirements and utilization capabilities towards amino acids. Guided by (1)H NMR determinations of residual amino acids in spent medium, a modified chemically defined minimal medium (CDMM*) was developed ...
Yoo Juhyun - - 2011
Thermo-mechanical extrusion pretreatment for lignocellulosic biomass was investigated using soybean hulls as the substrate. The enzyme cocktail used to hydrolyze pretreated soybean hulls to fermentable sugars was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). Structural changes in substrate and sugar yields from thermo-mechanical processing were compared with two traditional pretreatment methods ...
Mueller Ryan S - - 2011
Proteomes of acid mine drainage biofilms at different stages of ecological succession were examined to understand microbial responses to changing community membership. We evaluated the degree of reproducibility of the community proteomes between samples of the same growth stage and found stable and predictable protein abundance patterns across time and ...
Jiang Shaoliang - - 2011
The plant-growth regulators, indole-3-carboxylic acids, were introduced into N-acyl ethanolamines, and a series of N-acyl O-indolylalkyl ethanolamines were prepared. Their biological activities to regulate rape hypocotyl elongation, cucumber cotyledon expansion and common wheat coleoptile growth were tested. The results indicate that the title compounds inhibited rape hypocotyl elongation, especially the ...
Liu Dawei - - 2011
To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying carbohydrate uptake and connected metabolic pathways of Bifidobacterium longum NCC2705, the proteomic profiles of bacteria grown on different carbon sources including glucose, fructose, mannose, xylose, ribose, and galactose were analyzed. Our results show that all sugars tested were catabolized via the bifid shunt. Sixty-eight ...
Choudhary An - - 2011
The compounds, 2-(methylsulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid (DM3), 2-(phenylsulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid (DM(4)), and 2-(p-toluenesulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid (DM(5)) were synthesized by coupling of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid (DM(2)) with methanesulfonyl chloride, benzenesulfonyl chloride, and toluenesulfonyl chloride, which in turn, was synthesized by dissolving dilute aqueous ammonia with 2-(N-hydroxy methyl amino)-indol-3-yl-propanoic acid (DM(1)) which is the reaction product of ...
Devaraj V C - - 2011
Raphinus sativus Linn (Cruciferae) commonly known as 'Radish' is a multipurpose herb cultivated in different parts of the world for its edible roots and leaves. The present study was aimed to evaluate the antiulcer activity of leaf extracts of R. sativus Linn on acetic acid induced chronic gastric ulcer and ...
Putra Deddi Prima - - 2011
Two known coloring constituents, methyl 4,4'-dimethoxyvulpinate (1) and 4,4'-dimethoxyvulpinic acid (2) have been isolated from the fruit body of fungus Scleroderma sinnamariense Mont. The methanolic extract, its fractions and compound (2) showed moderate activity to inhibit the growth of some pathogenic testing microbes used.
Seyedsayamdost Mohammad R MR Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2011
Emiliania huxleyi, an environmentally important marine microalga, has a bloom-and-bust lifestyle in which massive algal blooms appear and fade. Phaeobacter gallaeciensis belongs to the roseobacter clade of α-Proteobacteria, the populations of which wax and wane with that of E. huxleyi. Roseobacter are thought to promote algal growth by biosynthesizing and ...
Cheng L - - 2011
Galla chinensis extract (GCE) interferes with de- and remineralization of dental enamel and the growth and metabolism in planktonic bacteria. However, no information is available on GCE effects on biofilms formed with saliva as inoculum. The aim of the current experiments was to investigate the effects of GCE at different ...
Vigueira Patrick A - - 2011
Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of human African trypanosomiasis, possesses two fatty acid synthesis pathways: a major de novo synthesis pathway in the ER and a mitochondrial pathway. The 2-carbon donor for both pathways is malonyl-CoA, which is synthesized from acetyl-CoA by Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). Here, we show that T. ...
Hynes Michael J - - 2011
The flow of carbon metabolites between cellular compartments is an essential feature of fungal metabolism. During growth on ethanol, acetate, or fatty acids, acetyl units must enter the mitochondrion for metabolism via the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) in the cytoplasm is essential for the biosynthetic reactions ...
Zhang Bo-Bo - - 2011
Fatty acids, organic solvents and surfactants were investigated for their stimulatory effects on the growth of fungal mycelium and production of exopolysaccharide (EPS) by submerged fermentation of an edible mushroom Pleurotus tuber-regium. Addition of 3.0 g/L Tween 80 at the late stage of exponential growth phase provided the best stimulatory ...
Lee Jungmin J United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Horticultural Crops Research Unit Worksite, Parma, ID 83660, USA. Electronic address: - - 2011
This is a study on the influence that two rootstocks (110R, high vigour; 420A, low vigour) and three vineyard floor management regimes (tilled resident vegetation - usual practise in California, and barley cover crops that were either mowed or tilled) had upon grape nitrogen-containing compounds (mainly ammonia and free amino ...
Wren Jodie F - - 2011
The toxicity of aldicarb on movement, life cycle, population growth rate and resource allocation, and the gene expression changes underpinning these effects, were investigated for Caenorhabditis elegans. A clear effect of aldicarb on nematode movement was found suggesting that this pesticide acts as a neurotoxicant. Aldicarb also had an effect ...
Yadav Supriya - - 2011
Probiotics and prebiotics, which can change the colonic microenvironment, are the areas of current interest. Unutilizable fractions of the foods and fortificants, which reach the colon can affect the profile of probiotics. Effects of eight such factors viz. zinc sulphate, zinc carbonate, ferrous sulphate, ferric citrate, quercetin, gallic acid, phytic ...
Sargsyan Ernest - - 2011
Elevated levels of lipids are detrimental for beta-cell function and mass. One of the mechanisms of how fatty acids induce apoptosis is development of the unfolded protein response (UPR). It is still far from understood how fatty acids activate the UPR, however. We examined how palmitate-induced activation of the UPR ...
Yadav Supriya - - 2011
Probiotics and prebiotics, which can change the colonic microenvironment, are the areas of current interest. Unutilizable fractions of the foods and fortificants, which reach the colon can affect the profile of probiotics. Effects of eight such factors viz. zinc sulphate, zinc carbonate, ferrous sulphate, ferric citrate, quercetin, gallic acid, phytic ...
Yang Zhi-Gang - - 2011
A new flavonol galactopyranoside, myricetin 3-O-(2'',3''-digalloyl)-β-D-galactopyranoide (1), and 23 known constituents, including myricetin 3-O-(2''-galloyl)-β-D-galactopyranoide (2), myricitrin (3), myricetin (4), quercetin 3-O-(2'', 3''-digalloyl)-β-D-galactopyranoide (5), quercetin 3-O-(2''-galloyl)-β-D-galactopyranoide (6), hyperin (7), isoquercetrin (8), quercetin (9), kaempferol (10), apigenin (11), luteolin (12), 3-O-methylquercetin (13), 5,7,2',5'-tetrahydroxyflavone (14), 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose (15), 1,2,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose (16), 1,3,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose (17), gallic acid ...
Dutot Mélody - - 2011
Protective effects of omega-3 fatty acids against cellular damages of high glucose were studied on retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells. Retinal epithelial cells were incubated with omega-3 marine oils rich in EPA and DHA and then with high glucose (25 mM) for 48 hours. Cellular responses were compared to normal ...
Ooi Beng Guat - - 2011
This study evaluates the pre-treatment of cellulose from kenaf plant to yield sugar precursors for the production of ethanol or butanol for use as biofuel additives. In order to convert the crystalline cellulosic form to the amorphous form that can undergo enzymatic hydrolysis of the glycosidic bond to yield sugars, ...
Bondia-Pons Isabel - - 2011
The mechanism behind the lowered postprandial insulin demand observed after rye bread intake compared to wheat bread is unknown. The aim of this study was to use the metabolomics approach to identify potential metabolites related to amino acid metabolism involved in this mechanism. A sourdough fermented endosperm rye bread (RB) ...
Zhang Jie - - 2011
Nutrient sensing and coordination of metabolic pathways are crucial functions for all living cells, but details of the coordination under different environmental conditions remain elusive. We therefore undertook a systems biology approach to investigate the interactions between the Snf1 and the target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ...
Shaked Maayan - - 2011
Thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) regulates critical biological processes including inflammation, stress and apoptosis. TXNIP is upregulated by glucose and is a critical mediator of hyperglycemia-induced beta-cell apoptosis in diabetes. In contrast, the saturated long-chain fatty acid palmitate, although toxic to the beta-cell, inhibits TXNIP expression. The mechanisms involved in the opposing ...
Azuma Kazuo - - 2011
We examined the effects of oral glucosamine hydrochloride (GlcN), N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) and d-glucose (Glc) administration on plasma total free amino acid (PFAA) concentrations in dogs. The PFAA concentrations increased in the control group and the GlcNAc group at one hour after feeding, and each amino acid concentration increased. On the ...
Lahtvee Petri-Jaan - - 2011
Lactococcus lactis is recognised as a safe (GRAS) microorganism and has hence gained interest in numerous biotechnological approaches. As it is fastidious for several amino acids, optimization of processes which involve this organism requires a thorough understanding of its metabolic regulations during multisubstrate growth. Using glucose limited continuous cultivations, specific ...
Ribeiro Daniela O - - 2011
The objective of this work was to study the vitamins B1, B2, B6 and C stability in a pediatric formulation containing high amounts of calcium in the presence of organic phosphate, amino acids, glucose, sodium chloride, magnesium sulfate, pediatric vitamins and trace elements under different conditions using developed and validated ...
Savić Jelena S JS Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Vojvode Stepe 450, 11221 Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2011
Six β-hydroxy-β-aryl propanoic acids were synthesised using a modification of Reformatsky reaction which has already been reported. These acids belong to the aryl propanoic acid class of compounds, structurally similar to the NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, and an anti-inflammatory activity is thus expected. The aim of this work was to ...
Ouellette Scot P SP Centre for Molecular Microbiology and Infection, Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, Imperial College, London, United - - 2011
Genome reduction is a hallmark of obligate intracellular pathogens such as Chlamydia, where adaptation to intracellular growth has resulted in the elimination of genes encoding biosynthetic enzymes. Accordingly, chlamydiae rely heavily on the host cell for nutrients yet their specific source is unclear. Interestingly, chlamydiae grow within a pathogen-defined vacuole ...
Joh Lawrence D - - 2011
Previous studies on biological pretreatment of switchgrass by solid-state fermentation with Acidothermus cellulolyticus 11B have shown that inhibitory compounds prevent growth on untreated switchgrass. A. cellulolyticus was grown in liquid medium containing cellobiose with phenolic monomers added to determine if the phenolic compounds are one possible source of inhibition. Cinnamic ...
Fiedler Tomas - - 2011
Several lactic acid bacteria use homolactic acid fermentation for generation of ATP. Here we studied the role of the lactate dehydrogenase enzyme on the general physiology of the three homolactic acid bacteria Lactococcus lactis, Enterococcus faecalis, and Streptococcus pyogenes. Of note, deletion of the ldh genes hardly affected the growth ...
Yang Xianfeng - - 2011
Stacks of multilayered rutile TiO(2) nanoflowers can grow on a titanium film through a simple acid vapour oxidation (AVO) method. The growth of this interesting hierarchical architecture is due to the formation of rutile {101} twinned structures and a subtle mismatching between the lattice spacings of the substrate and product.
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