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Gopinath Vipin - - 2011
Corynebacterium glutamicum wild type lacks the ability to utilize the pentose fractions of lignocellulosic hydrolysates, but it is known that recombinants expressing the araBAD operon and/or the xylA gene from Escherichia coli are able to grow with the pentoses xylose and arabinose as sole carbon sources. Recombinant pentose-utilizing strains derived ...
Nakamura Akira - - 2012
Oral intake of nutrients is often compromised in elderly, multimorbid patients, but parenteral nutrition causes intestinal atrophy and impairs intestinal function. To uncover the molecular mechanisms by which amino acids are involved in intestinal atrophy and recovery, we studied whether the rapamycin-sensitive mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) ...
Meng Junxiu - - 2011
A facile synthesis of a series of saccharide-binding arylboronic acid derivatives of indoloquinoline was described. The key synthetic steps were polyphosphoric acid (PPA) mediated cyclization, chlorinative aromatization, and amidation. Mass spectrometry experiments revealed these synthetic arylboronic acid derivatives of indoquinolines could bind to biologically important carbohydrates (sialic acid, fucose, glucose ...
Jung Jong Gab - - 2011
Elevated fatty acid levels have been thought to contribute to insulin resistance. Repression of the glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) gene as well as impaired GLUT4 translocation may be a mediator for fatty acid-induced insulin resistance. This study was initiated to determine whether palmitate treatment repressed GLUT4 expression, whether glucose/fatty acid ...
Shi Jian - - 2011
Dacotah switchgrass was pretreated with sulfuric acid concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0wt.% at 140, 160, and 180°C and with 1 and 3wt.% sulfur dioxide at 180°C over a range of times. Sulfur dioxide loadings of 0%, 1%, 3%, 5%, and 10%wt.% of dry biomass were also tested at 180°C ...
Heß David - - 2011
Phenylboronic acid esters are formed by the three common 2-deoxy aldoses: 2-deoxy-d-erythro-pentose ('2-deoxy-d-ribose'), 2-deoxy-d-lyxo-hexose ('2-deoxy-d-galactose'), and 2-deoxy-d-arabino-hexose ('2-deoxy-d-glucose'). The major species that was formed from equimolar quantities of boronic acid and the aldose, was the 3,4-monoester of the pentopyranose in a skew-boat conformation, and the 4,6-monoester in the case of ...
Takahiro Tsujita - - 2011
Polyphenolic compounds from chestnut astringent skin (CAS) were purified by dialysis, using Diaion HP-20 and Sephadex LH-20 columns. During purification, specific α-amylase inhibitory activities were increased about 3.4-fold and the 50% inhibition value was 5.71 μg/mL in the Sephadex LH-20 fraction (SE-fraction). The SE-fraction contained about 67 % of the ...
Cui Yi - - 2011
An oleaginous and psychrotrophic strain (F38-3) of Sporobolomyces roseus Kluyver & van Niel was isolated from a salt marsh environment in Nova Scotia, Canada following a screening program to select for high producers of 18-carbon unsaturated fatty acids. Fatty acid production was characterised as a function of temperature at 20 g glucose L(-1), ...
Chiarla Carlo - - 2011
Little information is available on the patterns of changes and significance of plasma alpha-amino-n-butyric acid (ABA, μmol/L) in various conditions, particularly in sepsis. This study has been performed to assess the patterns of correlation among ABA, other amino acids, and other variables in a group of septic patients with various ...
Verbruggen Sascha C A T - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the effects of insulin infusion and increased parenteral amino acid intakes on whole body protein balance, glucose kinetics, and lipolysis in critically ill, insulin-resistant, septic adolescents. DESIGN:: A single-center, randomized, crossover study. SETTING:: A medicosurgical intensive care unit in a tertiary university hospital. PATIENTS:: Nine critically ill, ...
Zhang Yun-Feng - - 2011
Helicoverpa assulta and Helicoverpa armigera are sibling species with different host-plant ranges. We have previously reported electrophysiological and behavioral responses of H.armigera to sugars and amino acids. Here we describe a parallel study performed on H. assulta and compare the results obtained with the two species. In females, fourteen gustatory ...
Kutkowska J - - 2011
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii TA1 (RtTA1) and its mutant Rt120 in the pssBī€­pssA intergenic region as well as degraded polysaccharides (DPS) derived from the LPS were elucidated in terms of their chemical composition and biological activities. The polysaccharide portions were examined by methylation analysis, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, ...
Kaleta Christoph - - 2011
The question whether fatty acids can be converted into glucose in humans has a long standing tradition in biochemistry, and the expected answer is "No". Using recent advances in Systems Biology in the form of large-scale metabolic reconstructions, we reassessed this question by performing a global investigation of a genome-scale ...
Huang Hongxue - - 2011
A novel glycosyl amino acid hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) stationary phase was prepared via click chemistry. The key intermediate N(3)-glycosyl d-phenylglycine was prepared by a three steps procedure, including selective condensation of amino glucose with N-succinimidyl ester of Boc-d-phenylglycine, deprotection and transformation of amino group to azido group. The structure ...
Feng Liheng - - 2011
A highly selective and sensitive switch for d-fructose is formed by 8-hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid trisodium salt (HPTS) fluorescent dye and the tetra-boronic acid viologen receptor ToBV. The sensing system can not only recognize d-fructose among seven natural d-monosaccharides but also may distinguish the enantiomer of d/l-fructose. The research rationale and results ...
Kunert Christof - - 2011
Recent investigations led to the discovery of N-(1-methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene)aminopropionic acid as a taste modulator enhancing the typical thick-sour mouthdryness and mouthfulness imparted by stewed beef juice. In the present study, systematic model reactions were targeted towards the generation of a series of N-(1-methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene)-α-amino acids by Maillard-type reactions between creatinine and ribose, ...
Jantzer Katharina - - 2011
A method to grow the halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii in microtiter plates has been optimized and now allows the parallel generation of very reproducible growth curves. The doubling time in synthetic medium with glucose is around six hours. The method was used to optimize glucose and casamino acids concentrations, to ...
Li Guicun - - 2011
Poly(anilineboronic acid) (PABA) nanofibers with U-shaped and ring-shaped morphologies have been synthesized successfully by chemical polymerization of 3-aminophenylboronic acid (APBA) in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and NaF. The morphologies and sizes of PABA nanofibers can be controlled by adjusting the synthetic parameters, such as the concentrations of CTAB ...
Collins Jennifer M - - 2011
The primary products of de novo lipogenesis (DNL) are saturated fatty acids, which confer adverse cellular effects. Human adipocytes differentiated with no exogenous fat accumulated triacylglycerol (TG) in lipid droplets and differentiated normally. TG composition showed the products of DNL (saturated fatty acids from 12:0 to 18:0) together with unsaturated ...
Poudyal Hemant - - 2011
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD-1) is the rate-limiting enzyme that catalyses the conversion of saturated to monounsaturated fatty acids. Increased SCD-1 expression and activity has been implicated in cancer, cardiovascular diseases, insulin resistance and obesity. Studies with humans, wild-type rodents, knock-out mice and cells in culture show that SCD-1 inhibition decreases ...
Millet Coralie O M - - 2011
The metabolism of Spironucleus vortens, a parasitic, diplomonad flagellate related to Giardia intestinalis, was investigated using a combination of membrane inlet mass spectrometry, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, bioscreen continuous growth monitoring, and ion exchange chromatography. The products of glucose-fuelled and endogenous metabolism were identified by (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR ...
Matysik Silke - - 2011
Monitoring bile acids as signal molecules in combination with a bile acid synthesis marker and the FXR regulator fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), this study addresses significant postprandial changes. The efficacy of the different pathways to regulate bile acid synthesis through short heterodimer partner (SHP) dependent FXR modulation in liver, ...
Yang H J - - 2011
Cleavage of plant cell wall arabinoxylans occurs by the action of ferulic acid esterase (FAE) and acetyl esterase (AE), which cleave feruloyl groups substituted at the 5'-OH group of arabinosyl residues and acetyl groups substituted at O-2/O-3 of the xylan backbone, respectively. In this study, we examined the enzyme profiles ...
Dobrzyn Pawel - - 2011
In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that cardiac substrate utilization is affected by oleic acid originating from the endogenous conversion of stearate by stearoyl-CoA desaturase and from the diet. Here, we show that the cardiac oleate content is increased in tristearate (TS)- and trioleate (TO)-fed rats when compared ...
Lautenslager Gregory T - - 2011
Human serum albumin nonenzymatically condenses with glucose to form stable Amadori adducts that are increased with the hyperglycemia of diabetes. The present study evaluated the influence of fatty acids, which are major endogenous ligands, on albumin glycation and of glycation on albumin conformation and exogenous ligand binding. Physiologic concentrations of ...
Xu Limei - - 2011
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a critical sensor of nutritional sufficiency. Although much is known about the regulation of mTOR in response to growth factors, much less is known about the regulation of mTOR in response to nutrients. Amino acids have no impact on the signals that regulate ...
Raj M Amal - - 2011
4-(Dimethylamino)pyridine capped gold nanoparticles (DMAP-AuNPs) were synthesized in aqueous medium and then immobilized on 1,6-hexanedithiol (HDT) modified Au electrode for the selective determination of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA). The synthesized DMAP-AuNPs were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy and high resolution-transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The HR-TEM ...
Shima Noriaki - - 2011
Methamphetamine (MA) is an illicit psychostimulant, and its abuse has become an international public health problem. MA intoxication can cause life-threatening hyperthermia, renal and liver failure, cardiac arrhythmias, and neurological damage. To investigate the relationship between the underlying mechanism of such intoxication and metabolic networks, mass spectrometry-based metabolomics experiments were ...
Rodríguez-Penas Diego - - 2011
PURPOSE: We investigated whether the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren can affect metabolism in cardiomyocytes from rat, mouse and human sources. METHODS AND RESULTS: At 10-50μmol/L, aliskiren significantly increased medium-chain-fatty-acid uptake in primary-cultured neonatal-rat and HL-1 adult-mouse-derived cardiomyocytes (BODIPY-induced fluorescence intensity). The fatty-acid transporter CD-36 was correspondingly translocated to, but the ...
Lee Jae Man JM Program in Developmental Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2011
Nuclear hormone receptors regulate diverse metabolic pathways and the orphan nuclear receptor LRH-1 (also known as NR5A2) regulates bile acid biosynthesis. Structural studies have identified phospholipids as potential LRH-1 ligands, but their functional relevance is unclear. Here we show that an unusual phosphatidylcholine species with two saturated 12 carbon fatty ...
Teul Joanna - - 2011
Metabolite fingerprinting (metabolomics/metabonomics) is perfectly suited for assessing the biological response following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) as relevant information can be identified in both the change and the absence of change in metabolite concentrations as time progresses post syndrome. During this study the metabolic pattern of plasma from patients at ...
Liang Zhenchang Z Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2011
Polyphenolic profiles in the berry samples of 344 European grape (Vitis vinifera) cultivars were evaluated for two consecutive years. These cultivars represent a diverse collection of V. vinifera germplasm maintained at the USDA-Agricultural Research Service Vitis Clonal Repository in Davis of California, USA. A total of 36 polyphenolic compounds, including ...
Resmer Kelly L - - 2011
Metabolic footprinting of the anaerobic bacterium Fusobacterium varium demonstrated the accumulation of six carboxylic acids as metabolic end-products and revealed specific growth requirements and utilization capabilities towards amino acids. Guided by (1)H NMR determinations of residual amino acids in spent medium, a modified chemically defined minimal medium (CDMM*) was developed ...
Yoo Juhyun - - 2011
Thermo-mechanical extrusion pretreatment for lignocellulosic biomass was investigated using soybean hulls as the substrate. The enzyme cocktail used to hydrolyze pretreated soybean hulls to fermentable sugars was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). Structural changes in substrate and sugar yields from thermo-mechanical processing were compared with two traditional pretreatment methods ...
Mueller Ryan S - - 2011
Proteomes of acid mine drainage biofilms at different stages of ecological succession were examined to understand microbial responses to changing community membership. We evaluated the degree of reproducibility of the community proteomes between samples of the same growth stage and found stable and predictable protein abundance patterns across time and ...
Jiang Shaoliang - - 2011
The plant-growth regulators, indole-3-carboxylic acids, were introduced into N-acyl ethanolamines, and a series of N-acyl O-indolylalkyl ethanolamines were prepared. Their biological activities to regulate rape hypocotyl elongation, cucumber cotyledon expansion and common wheat coleoptile growth were tested. The results indicate that the title compounds inhibited rape hypocotyl elongation, especially the ...
Liu Dawei - - 2011
To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying carbohydrate uptake and connected metabolic pathways of Bifidobacterium longum NCC2705, the proteomic profiles of bacteria grown on different carbon sources including glucose, fructose, mannose, xylose, ribose, and galactose were analyzed. Our results show that all sugars tested were catabolized via the bifid shunt. Sixty-eight ...
Choudhary An - - 2011
The compounds, 2-(methylsulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid (DM3), 2-(phenylsulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid (DM(4)), and 2-(p-toluenesulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid (DM(5)) were synthesized by coupling of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylic acid (DM(2)) with methanesulfonyl chloride, benzenesulfonyl chloride, and toluenesulfonyl chloride, which in turn, was synthesized by dissolving dilute aqueous ammonia with 2-(N-hydroxy methyl amino)-indol-3-yl-propanoic acid (DM(1)) which is the reaction product of ...
Devaraj V C - - 2011
Raphinus sativus Linn (Cruciferae) commonly known as 'Radish' is a multipurpose herb cultivated in different parts of the world for its edible roots and leaves. The present study was aimed to evaluate the antiulcer activity of leaf extracts of R. sativus Linn on acetic acid induced chronic gastric ulcer and ...
Putra Deddi Prima - - 2011
Two known coloring constituents, methyl 4,4'-dimethoxyvulpinate (1) and 4,4'-dimethoxyvulpinic acid (2) have been isolated from the fruit body of fungus Scleroderma sinnamariense Mont. The methanolic extract, its fractions and compound (2) showed moderate activity to inhibit the growth of some pathogenic testing microbes used.
Seyedsayamdost Mohammad R MR Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2011
Emiliania huxleyi, an environmentally important marine microalga, has a bloom-and-bust lifestyle in which massive algal blooms appear and fade. Phaeobacter gallaeciensis belongs to the roseobacter clade of α-Proteobacteria, the populations of which wax and wane with that of E. huxleyi. Roseobacter are thought to promote algal growth by biosynthesizing and ...
Cheng L - - 2011
Galla chinensis extract (GCE) interferes with de- and remineralization of dental enamel and the growth and metabolism in planktonic bacteria. However, no information is available on GCE effects on biofilms formed with saliva as inoculum. The aim of the current experiments was to investigate the effects of GCE at different ...
Vigueira Patrick A - - 2011
Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of human African trypanosomiasis, possesses two fatty acid synthesis pathways: a major de novo synthesis pathway in the ER and a mitochondrial pathway. The 2-carbon donor for both pathways is malonyl-CoA, which is synthesized from acetyl-CoA by Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). Here, we show that T. ...
Hynes Michael J - - 2011
The flow of carbon metabolites between cellular compartments is an essential feature of fungal metabolism. During growth on ethanol, acetate, or fatty acids, acetyl units must enter the mitochondrion for metabolism via the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) in the cytoplasm is essential for the biosynthetic reactions ...
Zhang Bo-Bo - - 2011
Fatty acids, organic solvents and surfactants were investigated for their stimulatory effects on the growth of fungal mycelium and production of exopolysaccharide (EPS) by submerged fermentation of an edible mushroom Pleurotus tuber-regium. Addition of 3.0 g/L Tween 80 at the late stage of exponential growth phase provided the best stimulatory ...
Lee Jungmin J United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Horticultural Crops Research Unit Worksite, Parma, ID 83660, USA. Electronic address: - - 2011
This is a study on the influence that two rootstocks (110R, high vigour; 420A, low vigour) and three vineyard floor management regimes (tilled resident vegetation - usual practise in California, and barley cover crops that were either mowed or tilled) had upon grape nitrogen-containing compounds (mainly ammonia and free amino ...
Wren Jodie F - - 2011
The toxicity of aldicarb on movement, life cycle, population growth rate and resource allocation, and the gene expression changes underpinning these effects, were investigated for Caenorhabditis elegans. A clear effect of aldicarb on nematode movement was found suggesting that this pesticide acts as a neurotoxicant. Aldicarb also had an effect ...
Yadav Supriya - - 2011
Probiotics and prebiotics, which can change the colonic microenvironment, are the areas of current interest. Unutilizable fractions of the foods and fortificants, which reach the colon can affect the profile of probiotics. Effects of eight such factors viz. zinc sulphate, zinc carbonate, ferrous sulphate, ferric citrate, quercetin, gallic acid, phytic ...
Sargsyan Ernest - - 2011
Elevated levels of lipids are detrimental for beta-cell function and mass. One of the mechanisms of how fatty acids induce apoptosis is development of the unfolded protein response (UPR). It is still far from understood how fatty acids activate the UPR, however. We examined how palmitate-induced activation of the UPR ...
Yadav Supriya - - 2011
Probiotics and prebiotics, which can change the colonic microenvironment, are the areas of current interest. Unutilizable fractions of the foods and fortificants, which reach the colon can affect the profile of probiotics. Effects of eight such factors viz. zinc sulphate, zinc carbonate, ferrous sulphate, ferric citrate, quercetin, gallic acid, phytic ...
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