Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 1541
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Urquhart Paula - - 2002
The effects of a conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) mixture of single isomers (50:50, w/w, cis9,trans11:trans10,cis12) and the individual isomers on (a) the production of resting and calcium ionophore stimulated (14)C-eicosanoids and (b) the incorporation of (14)C-arachidonic acid (AA) into membrane phospholipids of human saphenous vein endothelial cells were investigated. The ...
Park Sook J - - 2002
Precise methylation methods for various chemical forms of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which minimize the formation of t,t isomers and allylmethoxy derivatives (AMD) with the completion of methylation, were developed using a 50 mg lipid sample, 3 mL of 1.0 N H(2)SO(4)/methanol, and/or 3 mL of 20% tetramethylguanidine (TMG)/methanol solution(s). ...
Lemaitre Rozenn N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The relation of trans-fatty acid intake to life-threatening arrhythmias and primary cardiac arrest is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the association of trans-fatty acid intake, assessed through a biomarker, with the risk of primary cardiac arrest in a population-based case-control study. Cases, aged 25 to 74 years, were ...
Xian Mo - - 2002
The production of linolenic acid in mycelial lipids reached 0.31 mg/ml of culture broth when Mortierella isabellina was cultivated in a medium consisting of 2% octadecanol, 1% yeast extract, and 25 mmol/L of Mg2+ at 23 degrees C for 5 days. Cultivation conditions were studied, and the results showed that ...
Mosley Erin E - - 2002
Ruminant products are significant sources of dietary trans fatty acids. Trans fatty acids, including various conjugated linoleic acid isomers, have been shown to act as metabolic modifiers of lipid metabolism. Trans fatty acids originate from biohydrogenation of dietary unsaturated fatty acids by gut microbes; however, the exact synthetic pathways are ...
Ulusu N Nuray - - 2002
In this study, it was shown that abietic acid, an abietane diterpenoid, inhibited soybean 5-lipoxygenase (linoleate: oxygen oxidoreductase, EC 1.13.11.12) and an IC(50) of 29.5 +/- 1.29 microM was determined. Since the lipoxygenase pathway leads to the biosynthesis of leukotrienes this result supports the view that abietic acid may be ...
Kawajiri Hiroo - - 2002
Previous studies in our laboratory revealed a high expression of 15-lipoxygenase-1 in human colorectal carcinomas, suggesting the importance of lipoxygenase in colorectal tumor development. In this report, we have investigated the metabolism of arachidonic and linoleic acid by intestinal tissues of Min mice, an animal model for intestinal neoplasia. The ...
Záckova Markéta - - 2002
Reconstitution of novel mitochondrial uncoupling proteins, human UCP2 and UCP3, expressed in yeast, was performed to characterize fatty acid (FA)-induced H+ efflux in the resulted proteoliposomes. We now demonstrate for the first time that representatives of physiologically abundant long chain FAs, saturated or unsaturated, activate H+ translocation in UCP2- and ...
Jenkins T C - - 2002
Previous studies showed that oleamide was protected from ruminal biohydrogenation and increased 18:1(n-9) concentration in milk when fed to lactating dairy cows. To appraise whether this protection extended to linoleamide, a rumen in vitro experiment was conducted to determine biohydrogenation of linoleamide followed by two sheep experiments to evaluate whether ...
Toborek Michal - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Activation of the vascular endothelium by dietary fatty acids may be among the most critical early events in the development of atherosclerosis. However, the specific effects of fatty acids on inflammatory responses in endothelial cells are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: The present study focused on the induction of inflammatory ...
Mitchell Lex A - - 2002
Previous in vivo studies in dogs suggest that the 9,10-monoepoxide of linoleic acid (9,10-cis-epoxyoctadecenoic acid [9,10-EOA]) has toxic cardiovascular effects that result in death at higher doses. More recent work with rabbit renal proximal tubule cells suggests that the 12,13-metabolites of linoleic acid are more toxic than the 9,10-isomers. Thus, ...
Primomo Valerio S. - - 2002
Decreasing the palmitic and linolenic acid content of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] oil would help improve its nutritional quality and oxidative stability. The altered fatty acid profile in soybean germplasm lines with decreased levels of palmitic and linolenic acid have been developed at the University of Guelph, Canada, by ...
Kuroda Hisao - - 2002
The qualities of beer are deteriorated by the presence of either di- or trihydroxyoctadecenoic acids, which reduce the beer 'head' and produce an astringent flavor. In this study we found that native extracts of malt mash transformed linoleic acid into di- and trihydroxyoctadecenoic acids, but this transforming activity and lipoxygenase ...
Ip Clement - - 2002
There is increasing evidence that individual isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) may have unique biological or biochemical effects. A primary objective of this study was to determine whether there might be differences in the anticancer activity of 9,11-CLA and 10,12-CLA. This was achieved by evaluating the reduction in premalignant ...
Ramsewak R S - - 2001
Five compounds, 1-5, were isolated from the seed hexane extract of Dirca palustris. Compounds 1-3 were triglycerides, and 4 and 5 were linoleic and oleic acids, respectively. Compounds 1-3 were not biologically active; however, 4 (linoleic acid) and 5 (oleic acid) were insecticidal against fourth instar Aedes aegyptii larvae and ...
Gao J M - - 2001
From the chloroform/methanol extract of the fruiting bodies of the ascomycete Chinese truffle Tuber indicum Cooke et Massee, a new trihydroxylated monounsaturated fatty acid (1) has been isolated. The structure of this new linoleic acid-derived metabolite was established as 9,10,11-trihydroxy-(12Z)-12-octadecenoic acid by means of spectroscopic and chemical methods. The fatty ...
Sergiel J P - - 2001
To assess the oxidative metabolism of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers, rats were force-fed 1.5-2.6 MBq of [1-14C]-linoleic acid (9c,12c-18:2), -rumenic acid (9c,11t-18:2), or-10trans,12cis-18:2 (10t,12c-18:2), and 14CO2 production was monitored for 24 h. The animals were then necropsied and the radioactivity determined in different tissues. Both CLA isomers were oxidized ...
Agatha G - - 2001
The composition of phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) of separated mononuclear blood cells (MNC) from patients with leukemia was established by high-resolution gas chromatography. Abnormal fatty acid concentrations are detected in the MNC membrane phospholipids in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) without a deficiency of essential fatty acids (EFA). Significantly ...
Moran J H - - 2001
Despite many studies elucidating the mechanisms of necrotic cell death, the role of fatty acids released during necrosis remains to be determined. The goals of this study were to determine whether linoleic acid could protect rabbit renal proximal tubules (RPT) from necrotic cell death associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative ...
Evans M - - 2001
A series of experiments was conducted using 3T3-L1 preadipocytes as the cell model to determine: (i) whether the triglyceride (TG)-lowering effects of a crude mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers were due to a specific isomer of CLA and the timing of treatment, (ii) if CLA reduced TG content ...
Woo Lee Yong - - 2001
Linoleic acid is a dietary fatty acid that appears to play an important role in activation of the vascular endothelium under a variety of pathological conditions, including development of atherosclerosis or cancer metastasis. Evidence indicates that inflammatory responses may be an underlying cause of endothelial cell pathology induced by linoleic ...
Djoussé L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies suggest that a higher consumption of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Studies in humans and animals also reported an inverse association between alpha-linolenic acid and cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between dietary linolenic ...
Nakaya A - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about whether Helicobacter pylori infection alters fatty acid metabolism in gastric mucosal cells. By using cultured rat gastric mucosal cells (RGM-1), we investigated the effect of H. pylori broth culture filtrates on this point. Furthermore, our study aimed to find out whether n-6 long ...
Schäfer K - - 2001
In the present study, laying hens received 29 g per kg diet of a preparation containing either 70% linoleic acid (LA) or approximately the same amount of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in the control and experimental treatments, respectively. The CLA preparation consisted predominantly of cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 fatty acid isomers ...
Albino L - - 2001
Research on fatty acid metabolism in cultured human larynx tumor cells Hep2 was carried out. The cells were incubated with either a saturated (palmitic) or a polyunsaturated (linoleic, alpha-linolenic and eicosatrienoic (n-6)) radioactive fatty acid (0.66 pM, 24 h). The best incorporation capacity was observed in the linoleic acid followed ...
Park Y - - 2001
A 19-carbon conjugated diene, conjugated nonadecadienoic acid (CNA), inhibited heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase and reduced lipid stores in 3T3-L1 adipocytes similarly to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). When fed to growing mice (0.3% of diet) CNA reduced body fat by 81% whereas CLA reduced body fat by 25%. CLA and CNA differ ...
Randich A - - 2001
Jejunal infusions of linoleic acid, corn oil, or caprylic acid significantly increased hepatic vagal afferent activity, whereas saline infusions were ineffective. The magnitude of response was greatest with either linoleic acid or corn oil. Hepatic portal infusions of linoleic acid, Liposyn II, or caprylic acid significantly increased hepatic vagal afferent ...
Chuang L T - - 2001
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA; 18:2) refers to a group of positional and geometric isomers derived from linoleic acid (LA; delta9,12-18:2). Using a growing baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) transformed with human elongase gene, we examined the inhibitory effect of CLA at various concentrations (10, 25, 50, and 100 microM) on elongation ...
Burnham M R - - 2001
The effects of broiler breeder age (26, 28, and 30 wk) and incubator relative humidity (43, 53, and 63% RH) on yolk sac weight and composition in broiler hatching eggs between 16 and 19 d of incubation were evaluated. Percentage yolk sac weight was reduced in eggs from the youngest ...
Brown J M - - 2001
We have previously shown that both a commercially available mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers and the trans-10, cis-12 isomer of CLA reduced the triglyceride (TG) content and induced apoptosis in differentiating cultures of murine 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. However, the influence of CLA isomers on differentiating human (pre)adipocytes is unknown. ...
Cunnane S C - - 2001
New methods and analytical approaches are important to challenge and/or validate established beliefs in any field including the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA; polyunsaturates). Four methods that have recently been applied toward obtaining a better understanding of the homeostasis of PUFA include the following: whole-body fatty acid balance analysis, ...
Hunter K A - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of stearic acid-, oleic acid- and linoleic acid-rich meals on postprandial haemostasis in young healthy volunteers whose background diets had been controlled for 14 d in a residential study. Six healthy male volunteers were assigned randomly to consume diets ...
Zambell K L - - 2001
Recent studies with mouse adipocytes have shown that dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) may reduce body fat by increasing lipolysis. The present study examined the effect of CLA supplementation on fatty acid and glycerol kinetics in six healthy, adult women who were participating in a controlled metabolic ward study. These ...
Ramsay T G - - 2001
The dietary dose responsiveness of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) addition relative to the fatty acid profile of edible lean tissue was examined in grower pigs treated with or without porcine somatotropin (pST). Gilts and barrows were fed CLA at 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0% of diet by weight from ...
Nuñez A - - 2001
Lipoxygenase (LOX) is an enzyme that oxygenates polyunsaturated fatty acids to their corresponding hydroperoxy derivatives. For example, LOX found in plants produce the corresponding 13- and 9-hydroperoxide derivatives of linoleic acid (13-HPOD and 9-HPOD). Identification of the HPOD products is usually accomplished by using gas chromatography with mass spectrometric (MS) ...
Smedman A - - 2001
Supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) induces a number of physiological effects in experimental animals, including reduced body fat content, decreased aortic lipid deposition, and improved serum lipid profile. Controlled trials on the effects of CLA in humans have hitherto been scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Rainio A - - 2001
A method for the production of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from linoleic acid (LA) using growing cultures of Propionibacterium freudenreichii ssp. shermanii JS was developed. The growth inhibitory effect of LA was eliminated by dispersing it in a sufficient concentration of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate detergent. For the whey permeate medium ...
Kelly G S - - 2001
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) refers to a group of positional and geometric isomers of the omega-6 essential fatty acid linoleic acid (cis-9, cis-12, octadecadienoic acid). In humans evidence is currently ambiguous as to whether CLA supplementation has a significant effect on body composition. Despite favorable changes in lipid levels in ...
Févrie P - - 2001
Separation of triglyceride and diglyceride positional isomers by silver ion high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with an evaporative light-scattering detector is described. The triglyceride isomers had a fatty acid composition of CLC and CCL, where C and L were caprylic acid and linoleic acid, respectively. Diglyceride isomers, 1,2(2,3)-diglyceride and 1,3-diglyceride, which ...
Pariza M W - - 2001
Numerous physiological effects are attributed to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The purpose of this presentation is to consider these effects with respect to the cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 CLA isomers. We review previously published data and present new findings that relate to underlying biochemical mechanisms of action. Both isomers are natural ...
Harris M A - - 2001
Long chain n-6 and n-3 fatty acids play important roles in labor and delivery. These effects may be mediated by prostaglandin (PG) synthesis and by regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), both of which play roles in uterine contraction, cervical ripening and rupture of fetal membranes. The effects of altering dietary ...
Banni S - - 2001
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is known to provide certain health benefits in experimental animal models. The major CLA isomer in food is c 9,t11-CLA. A primary objective of this study was to investigate the uptake of c 9,t11-CLA and its downstream metabolites into various lipid fractions in the liver of ...
Maccarrone M - - 2001
Lipoxygenases are key enzymes in the metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids. Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (LOX-1), a paradigm for lipoxygenases isolated from different sources, is composed of two domains: a approximately 30 kDa N-terminal domain and a approximately 60 kDa C-terminal domain. We used limited proteolysis and gel-filtration chromatography to generate and ...
Sébédio J L - - 2001
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a collective term that describes different isomers of linoleic acid with conjugated double bonds. Although the main dietary isomer is 9cis,11trans-18:2, which is present in dairy products and ruminant fat, the biological effects of CLA generally have been studied using mixtures in which the 9cis,11trans- ...
Morris A - - 2001
We investigated in a clinical setting whether increased intake of linoleic acid alters respiratory function in 26 mild asthmatics. Subjects completed a 16-week-dietary intervention comprising 8 weeks eating an enriched n-6 polyunsaturated fat diet (9.2% energy from linoleic acid) and consuming either a high monounsaturated or saturated fat diet in ...
Bretillon L - - 2001
Human lipid intake contains various amounts of trans fatty acids. Refined vegetable and frying oils, rich in linoleic acid and/or alpha-linolenic acid, are the main dietary sources of trans-18:2 and trans-18:3 fatty acids. The aim of the present study was to compare the oxidation of linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, and ...
Jung M O - - 2001
The effects of hydrogen temperature and agitation rate on the formation of total conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and CLA isomers were studied during hydrogenation with a selective Ni catalyst. The CLA isomers were identified by using a 100-m cyano-capillary column gas chromatograph and a silver ion-impregnated HPLC. Reaction temperature and ...
Lawson R E - - 2001
Health benefits for man have been associated with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and dairy products are highlighted as offering the best opportunity to increase CLA consumption. CLA is synthesised in the rumen as an intermediate in the biohydrogenation of linoleic acid to stearic acid. The supplies of both intermediates and ...
Behrouzian B - - 2001
The hypothesis that the Delta9 desaturase of Chlorella vulgaris might operate by a synchronous mechanism has been tested using a kinetic isotope effect (KIE) approach. Thus the intermolecular primary deuterium KIE on the individual C-H bond cleavage steps involved in Delta9 desaturation have been determined by incubating growing cultures of ...
Waddington E - - 2001
Oxidation of lipoproteins, particularly low-density lipoprotein, is thought to play a major role in the development of atherosclerosis. We set out to identify and quantitate the major fatty acid oxidation products in human atherosclerotic plaque obtained from individuals undergoing carotid endarterectomy. Oxidized lipids were extracted from plaque homogenate under conditions ...
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