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Banni Sebastiano - - 2002
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a naturally occurring fatty acid that is produced by a bio-hydrogenation process in the rumen, and thus is present in dairy products and ruminant meat. In this case the predominant isomer formed is 9cis,11trans. However, CLA includes 28 positional and geometrical isomers, of which only ...
Rodríguez Enrique - - 2002
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is reported to have health benefits, including reduction of body fat. Previous studies have shown that brown adipose tissue (BAT) is particularly sensitive to CLA-supplemented diet feeding. Most of them use mixtures containing several CLA isomers, mainly cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12 in equal concentration. Our ...
Alasnier Corinne - - 2002
HEAT TREATMENT OF VEGETABLE OILS GAVE RISE TO FOUR MAIN CONJUGATED LINOLEIC ACID (CLA) ISOMERS : the 9c,11t, 9t,11t, 10t,12c and 10t,12t. The diet of male Wistar rats was supplemented with 150 mg/day either 9c,11t-, 9t,11t-, 10t,12c- or 10t,12t CLA isomers for 6 days and their effects on lipid composition ...
Cook David - - 2002
The improvement of nutritional quality is one potential application for the genetic modification of plants. One possible target for such manipulation is the modification of fatty acid metabolism. In this work, expression of a borage delta6-desaturase cDNA in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) has been shown to produce gamma-linolenic acid (GLA; ...
Eder Klaus - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 CLA on the fatty acid desaturation in a human hepatoma cell line, HepG2. Therefore, experiments were conducted in which HepG2 cells were incubated with various concentrations of those fatty acids and the concentrations of fatty acids ...
Weichert Heiko - - 2002
A particular isoform of lipoxygenase (LOX) localized on lipid bodies was shown by earlier investigations to play a role in initiating the mobilization of triacylglycerols during seed germination. Here, further physiological functions of LOXs within whole cotyledons of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) were analyzed by measuring the endogenous amounts of ...
Rong Rong - - 2002
Apolipoprotein (apo)A-I, the major protein component of HDL, is synthesized principally in the small intestine and liver. Recently we observed an increase in plasma apoA-I level in humans who were on an oxidized fat diet. To test whether oxidized fatty acids could affect apoA-I synthesis, we incubated day 4 (undifferentiated) ...
Gläser Karola R - - 2002
Forty Large White pigs were fed from 30 kg to 103 kg body mass on diets supplemented with 6% of pure high-oleic sunflower oil (HO) or HO plus increasing amounts of partially hydrogenated rape seed oil (HR; 1.85%, 3.70%, 5.55%), containing high levels of delta 6 to delta 11 C ...
Hamberg Mats - - 2002
[1-14C]Linolenic acid was incubated with homogenates of leaves from the aquatic plants Ranunculus lingua (greater spearwort) or R. peltatus (pond water-crowfoot). Analysis by reversed-phase high-performance liquid radiochromatography demonstrated the formation of a new divinyl ether FA, i.e., 12-[1'(E),3'(Z)-hexadienyloxyl-9(Z), 11 (Z)-dodecadienoic acid [11 (Z)-etherolenic acid] as well as a smaller proportion ...
Ray John - - 2002
The effects of long-chain (LC) fatty acids on rate of heat production (heat rate) and mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi) of intact guinea pig cardiac muscle were investigated at 37 degrees C. Heat rate of ventricular trabeculae was measured with microcalorimetry, and DeltaPsi was monitored in isolated ventricular myocytes with either ...
Destaillats Frederic - - 2002
Linoleic acid was heated at 200 degrees C under helium. Analysis of degradation products by GC on a long polar open tubular capillary column showed the presence of CLA isomers. The identified mono trans CLA isomers were cis-9,trans-11, trans-9,cis-11, trans-10,cis-12, cis-10,trans-1 2, trans-8,cis-10, and cis-11,trans-13 18:2 acids. Oils containing different ...
Meadus W J - - 2002
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) represent a family of DNA binding proteins that are activated by a variety of dietary and endogenous fatty acids. The PPAR proteins are expressed throughout the body and are the target of a variety of lipidaemic and insulin sensitizing drugs. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is ...
Lee Ji-Young - - 2002
The antimicrobial effect of linolenic acid with or without monoglyceride (glycerol laurate or glycerol myristate) against six food-borne microorganisms was determined in broth medium. Minimum inhibitory concentration of linolenic acid on Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus was 20 and 50 ppm, respectively. The growth of B. cereus treated with linolenic ...
Minemoto Y - - 2002
Linoleic acid was emulsified with gum arabic or maltodextrin at various weight ratios of the acid to the polysaccharide in the presence or absence of a small-molecule emulsifier. The emulsions were spray-dried to produce microcapsules. Emulsions prepared with gum arabic were smaller in droplet size and more stable than those ...
Weil Kerstin - - 2002
Soil samples were screened for microorganisms selectively transforming FA. One of the isolated strains was identified as the bacterium Stenotrophomonas maltophilia by its phenotypic features and genotypic characterization by sequencing the ribosomal RNA gene. Using linoleic acid as substrate resulted in the formation of two major compounds. After liquid chromatographic ...
Evans M - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 0-50 micromol/L trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and cis-9, trans-11 CLA isomers on lipid and glucose metabolism in cultures of differentiating 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Specifically, we investigated the effects of 6 d of CLA treatment on the following: 1) ...
Markaverich Barry M - - 2002
A mitogenic agent in corncob bedding and fresh corn products disrupts sexual behavior and estrous cyclicity in rats. The mitogenic activity resides in an isomeric mixture of linoleic acid derivatives with a tetrahydrofuran ring and two hydroxyl groups (THF-diols) that include 9, (12)-oxy-10,13-dihydroxystearic acid and 10, (13)-oxy-9,12-dihydroxystearic acid. Synthetic THF-diols ...
Urquhart Paula - - 2002
The effects of a conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) mixture of single isomers (50:50, w/w, cis9,trans11:trans10,cis12) and the individual isomers on (a) the production of resting and calcium ionophore stimulated (14)C-eicosanoids and (b) the incorporation of (14)C-arachidonic acid (AA) into membrane phospholipids of human saphenous vein endothelial cells were investigated. The ...
Park Sook J - - 2002
Precise methylation methods for various chemical forms of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which minimize the formation of t,t isomers and allylmethoxy derivatives (AMD) with the completion of methylation, were developed using a 50 mg lipid sample, 3 mL of 1.0 N H(2)SO(4)/methanol, and/or 3 mL of 20% tetramethylguanidine (TMG)/methanol solution(s). ...
Lemaitre Rozenn N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The relation of trans-fatty acid intake to life-threatening arrhythmias and primary cardiac arrest is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the association of trans-fatty acid intake, assessed through a biomarker, with the risk of primary cardiac arrest in a population-based case-control study. Cases, aged 25 to 74 years, were ...
Xian Mo - - 2002
The production of linolenic acid in mycelial lipids reached 0.31 mg/ml of culture broth when Mortierella isabellina was cultivated in a medium consisting of 2% octadecanol, 1% yeast extract, and 25 mmol/L of Mg2+ at 23 degrees C for 5 days. Cultivation conditions were studied, and the results showed that ...
Mosley Erin E - - 2002
Ruminant products are significant sources of dietary trans fatty acids. Trans fatty acids, including various conjugated linoleic acid isomers, have been shown to act as metabolic modifiers of lipid metabolism. Trans fatty acids originate from biohydrogenation of dietary unsaturated fatty acids by gut microbes; however, the exact synthetic pathways are ...
Ulusu N Nuray - - 2002
In this study, it was shown that abietic acid, an abietane diterpenoid, inhibited soybean 5-lipoxygenase (linoleate: oxygen oxidoreductase, EC 1.13.11.12) and an IC(50) of 29.5 +/- 1.29 microM was determined. Since the lipoxygenase pathway leads to the biosynthesis of leukotrienes this result supports the view that abietic acid may be ...
Kawajiri Hiroo - - 2002
Previous studies in our laboratory revealed a high expression of 15-lipoxygenase-1 in human colorectal carcinomas, suggesting the importance of lipoxygenase in colorectal tumor development. In this report, we have investigated the metabolism of arachidonic and linoleic acid by intestinal tissues of Min mice, an animal model for intestinal neoplasia. The ...
Záckova Markéta - - 2002
Reconstitution of novel mitochondrial uncoupling proteins, human UCP2 and UCP3, expressed in yeast, was performed to characterize fatty acid (FA)-induced H+ efflux in the resulted proteoliposomes. We now demonstrate for the first time that representatives of physiologically abundant long chain FAs, saturated or unsaturated, activate H+ translocation in UCP2- and ...
Jenkins T C - - 2002
Previous studies showed that oleamide was protected from ruminal biohydrogenation and increased 18:1(n-9) concentration in milk when fed to lactating dairy cows. To appraise whether this protection extended to linoleamide, a rumen in vitro experiment was conducted to determine biohydrogenation of linoleamide followed by two sheep experiments to evaluate whether ...
Toborek Michal - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Activation of the vascular endothelium by dietary fatty acids may be among the most critical early events in the development of atherosclerosis. However, the specific effects of fatty acids on inflammatory responses in endothelial cells are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: The present study focused on the induction of inflammatory ...
Mitchell Lex A - - 2002
Previous in vivo studies in dogs suggest that the 9,10-monoepoxide of linoleic acid (9,10-cis-epoxyoctadecenoic acid [9,10-EOA]) has toxic cardiovascular effects that result in death at higher doses. More recent work with rabbit renal proximal tubule cells suggests that the 12,13-metabolites of linoleic acid are more toxic than the 9,10-isomers. Thus, ...
Primomo Valerio S. - - 2002
Decreasing the palmitic and linolenic acid content of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] oil would help improve its nutritional quality and oxidative stability. The altered fatty acid profile in soybean germplasm lines with decreased levels of palmitic and linolenic acid have been developed at the University of Guelph, Canada, by ...
Kuroda Hisao - - 2002
The qualities of beer are deteriorated by the presence of either di- or trihydroxyoctadecenoic acids, which reduce the beer 'head' and produce an astringent flavor. In this study we found that native extracts of malt mash transformed linoleic acid into di- and trihydroxyoctadecenoic acids, but this transforming activity and lipoxygenase ...
Ip Clement - - 2002
There is increasing evidence that individual isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) may have unique biological or biochemical effects. A primary objective of this study was to determine whether there might be differences in the anticancer activity of 9,11-CLA and 10,12-CLA. This was achieved by evaluating the reduction in premalignant ...
Ramsewak R S - - 2001
Five compounds, 1-5, were isolated from the seed hexane extract of Dirca palustris. Compounds 1-3 were triglycerides, and 4 and 5 were linoleic and oleic acids, respectively. Compounds 1-3 were not biologically active; however, 4 (linoleic acid) and 5 (oleic acid) were insecticidal against fourth instar Aedes aegyptii larvae and ...
Gao J M - - 2001
From the chloroform/methanol extract of the fruiting bodies of the ascomycete Chinese truffle Tuber indicum Cooke et Massee, a new trihydroxylated monounsaturated fatty acid (1) has been isolated. The structure of this new linoleic acid-derived metabolite was established as 9,10,11-trihydroxy-(12Z)-12-octadecenoic acid by means of spectroscopic and chemical methods. The fatty ...
Sergiel J P - - 2001
To assess the oxidative metabolism of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers, rats were force-fed 1.5-2.6 MBq of [1-14C]-linoleic acid (9c,12c-18:2), -rumenic acid (9c,11t-18:2), or-10trans,12cis-18:2 (10t,12c-18:2), and 14CO2 production was monitored for 24 h. The animals were then necropsied and the radioactivity determined in different tissues. Both CLA isomers were oxidized ...
Agatha G - - 2001
The composition of phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) of separated mononuclear blood cells (MNC) from patients with leukemia was established by high-resolution gas chromatography. Abnormal fatty acid concentrations are detected in the MNC membrane phospholipids in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) without a deficiency of essential fatty acids (EFA). Significantly ...
Moran J H - - 2001
Despite many studies elucidating the mechanisms of necrotic cell death, the role of fatty acids released during necrosis remains to be determined. The goals of this study were to determine whether linoleic acid could protect rabbit renal proximal tubules (RPT) from necrotic cell death associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative ...
Evans M - - 2001
A series of experiments was conducted using 3T3-L1 preadipocytes as the cell model to determine: (i) whether the triglyceride (TG)-lowering effects of a crude mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers were due to a specific isomer of CLA and the timing of treatment, (ii) if CLA reduced TG content ...
Woo Lee Yong - - 2001
Linoleic acid is a dietary fatty acid that appears to play an important role in activation of the vascular endothelium under a variety of pathological conditions, including development of atherosclerosis or cancer metastasis. Evidence indicates that inflammatory responses may be an underlying cause of endothelial cell pathology induced by linoleic ...
Djoussé L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies suggest that a higher consumption of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Studies in humans and animals also reported an inverse association between alpha-linolenic acid and cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between dietary linolenic ...
Nakaya A - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about whether Helicobacter pylori infection alters fatty acid metabolism in gastric mucosal cells. By using cultured rat gastric mucosal cells (RGM-1), we investigated the effect of H. pylori broth culture filtrates on this point. Furthermore, our study aimed to find out whether n-6 long ...
Schäfer K - - 2001
In the present study, laying hens received 29 g per kg diet of a preparation containing either 70% linoleic acid (LA) or approximately the same amount of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in the control and experimental treatments, respectively. The CLA preparation consisted predominantly of cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12 fatty acid isomers ...
Albino L - - 2001
Research on fatty acid metabolism in cultured human larynx tumor cells Hep2 was carried out. The cells were incubated with either a saturated (palmitic) or a polyunsaturated (linoleic, alpha-linolenic and eicosatrienoic (n-6)) radioactive fatty acid (0.66 pM, 24 h). The best incorporation capacity was observed in the linoleic acid followed ...
Park Y - - 2001
A 19-carbon conjugated diene, conjugated nonadecadienoic acid (CNA), inhibited heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase and reduced lipid stores in 3T3-L1 adipocytes similarly to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). When fed to growing mice (0.3% of diet) CNA reduced body fat by 81% whereas CLA reduced body fat by 25%. CLA and CNA differ ...
Randich A - - 2001
Jejunal infusions of linoleic acid, corn oil, or caprylic acid significantly increased hepatic vagal afferent activity, whereas saline infusions were ineffective. The magnitude of response was greatest with either linoleic acid or corn oil. Hepatic portal infusions of linoleic acid, Liposyn II, or caprylic acid significantly increased hepatic vagal afferent ...
Chuang L T - - 2001
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA; 18:2) refers to a group of positional and geometric isomers derived from linoleic acid (LA; delta9,12-18:2). Using a growing baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) transformed with human elongase gene, we examined the inhibitory effect of CLA at various concentrations (10, 25, 50, and 100 microM) on elongation ...
Burnham M R - - 2001
The effects of broiler breeder age (26, 28, and 30 wk) and incubator relative humidity (43, 53, and 63% RH) on yolk sac weight and composition in broiler hatching eggs between 16 and 19 d of incubation were evaluated. Percentage yolk sac weight was reduced in eggs from the youngest ...
Brown J M - - 2001
We have previously shown that both a commercially available mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers and the trans-10, cis-12 isomer of CLA reduced the triglyceride (TG) content and induced apoptosis in differentiating cultures of murine 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. However, the influence of CLA isomers on differentiating human (pre)adipocytes is unknown. ...
Cunnane S C - - 2001
New methods and analytical approaches are important to challenge and/or validate established beliefs in any field including the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA; polyunsaturates). Four methods that have recently been applied toward obtaining a better understanding of the homeostasis of PUFA include the following: whole-body fatty acid balance analysis, ...
Hunter K A - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of stearic acid-, oleic acid- and linoleic acid-rich meals on postprandial haemostasis in young healthy volunteers whose background diets had been controlled for 14 d in a residential study. Six healthy male volunteers were assigned randomly to consume diets ...
Zambell K L - - 2001
Recent studies with mouse adipocytes have shown that dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) may reduce body fat by increasing lipolysis. The present study examined the effect of CLA supplementation on fatty acid and glycerol kinetics in six healthy, adult women who were participating in a controlled metabolic ward study. These ...
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