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Tanaka Norie - - 2003
Radical scavenging activities of extracts and constituents in Cornus capitata adventitious root cultures were evaluated by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide anion radicals. Inhibitory activity against peroxidation of linoleic acid was assayed by using the thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. Ethyl acetate and aqueous fractions were prepared from adventitious roots cultured ...
Cheng Z - - 2003
The anticarcinogenic properties of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) are, at least partially, attributed to its ability to interrupt the n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolic pathway for the biosynthesis of eicosanoids, including prostaglandins (PG). Both PGE(2) and PGF(2alpha) play key roles in parturition. In the present study, we compared the ...
Michaud Anthony L - - 2003
Fatty acids with conjugated double bonds have attracted great interest because of their reported potent bioactivities. However, there are currently no rapid methods for their structural characterization. We report here a convenient mass spectrometry-based strategy to establish double bond geometry by analysis of collisional dissociation products of cis/trans and trans/cis ...
Sehanputri Prima S - - 2003
Acidolysis of butteroil with free conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was studied in a packed bed reactor containing an immobilized Candida antarctica (fraction B) lipase. Kinetic data were used to develop quantitative reversible rate expressions of the general Michaelis-Menten form that also incorporate a term for first-order deactivation of the enzyme. ...
Reed Darwin W - - 2003
The mechanism by which the fatty acid acetylenase of Crepis alpina catalyzes crepenynic acid ((9Z)-octadeca-9-en-12-ynoic acid) production from linoleic acid has been probed through the use of kinetic isotope effect (KIE) measurements. This was accomplished by incubating appropriate mixtures of regiospecifically deuterated isotopomers with a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing ...
D'Orazio N - - 2003
Scientific interest in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) started in 1987 when Michael Pariza's team of Wisconsin University observed its inhibitory effects on chemically induced skin tumors in mice. Numerous studies have since examined CLA's role in cancer, immune function, oxidative stress, atherosclerosis, lipid and fatty acids metabolism, bone formation and ...
Chardigny J M - - 2003
CLA is a generic term describing different isomers of linoleic acid with two conjugated double bonds. Various metabolic effects have been demonstrated following administration of CLA, including a change in body composition in animals. However, the effects of pure CLA isomers are not fully understood. In addition, conjugated octadecatrienoic acids ...
Fang Xu - - 2003
Soluble soybean polysaccharide (SSPS) was fractionated into its low- (LMW) and high-molecular-weight (HMW) components to test their antioxidative and emulsifying properties. Linoleic acid was emulsified with an aqueous solution of SSPS, HMW, a mixture of LMW or HMW with maltodextrin, or maltodextrin alone. The emulsions prepared with SSPS, HWM and ...
Corl Benjamin A - - 2003
The present study was designed to examine the effects of increasing dietary levels of vaccenic acid (VA) and cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on chemically induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats. Both fatty acids were provided as a natural component in butter fat. The conversion of VA to CLA by ...
Georgin D - - 2003
A convenient synthesis of [1-14C]-mono-trans fatty acid using olefin inversion as a key-step is described. This methodology allows for a facile synthesis of [1-14C]-labelled mono-trans analogues of oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids. As an example, only eleven steps were necessary to obtain the [1-14C]-mono-E isomers of linolenic acid from its ...
Eynard Aldo R - - 2003
In spite of the considerable amount of experimental, clinical and epidemiological research about the consumption of red meat, total fats, saturated/unsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol with regard to the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC), the issue remains controversial. The general belief is a reduction of red meat intake, and ...
Bretillon L - - 2003
Conjugated Linoleic Acids (CLA) are of great interest for analysts since techniques have been developed to determine the dietary occurrence of CLA with a good accuracy. CLA is found in animal products from ruminant sources as the result of biohydrogenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the rumen and as the ...
Sirri F - - 2003
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the transfer of dietary CLA to broiler chicken tissues (breast, drumstick meat, skin, and abdominal fat) and its effect on productive traits and on carcass yields of birds. Cobb 500 females (n=360), divided into three groups, received from 22 d to slaughtering age ...
Palacios Alejandro - - 2003
In the study reported here the effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin A on the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition, chemiluminescence and peroxidizability index of microsomes and mitochondria isolated from rat liver was analyzed. The effect of CLA on the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of native microsomes was evidenced ...
Yu Zheyong - - 2003
Lipoxygenase (LOX) enzymes form fatty acid hydroperoxides used in membrane remodeling and cell signaling. Mammalian epidermal LOX type 3 (eLOX3) is distinctive in totally lacking this typical oxygenase activity. Surprisingly, genetic evidence has linked mutations in eLOX3 or a colocalizing enzyme, 12R-LOX, to disruption of the normal permeability barrier of ...
Fauconnier Marie Laure - - 2003
Potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum L. cv Bintje) were stored at 20 degrees C for 210 days without desprouting to study the lipoxygenase pathway during aging. After 15 days of storage, potato tubers sprouted, while after 45-60 days, apical dominance was lost and multiple sprouts developed. Analysis of the fatty acid ...
Kim Young Jun - - 2003
Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens A38, one of the most active rumen bacteria in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) production, was characterized in vitro. Previous findings that some inhibitory levels of substrate for biohydrogenation (BH) by B. fibrisolvens A38 resulted in more CLA accumulation led to a prediction that partial inhibition of BH could ...
Kandzia Romy - - 2003
Fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) is a membrane associated P450 enzyme that cleaves fatty acid hydroperoxides into aldehydes and omega-oxo fatty acids. One of the major products of this reaction is (3Z)-hexenal. It is a constituent of many fresh smelling fruit aromas. For its biotechnological production and because of the ...
Hutley L J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a ligand-activated transcription factor known to be central to both adipose tissue development and insulin action. Growth of adipose tissue requires differentiation of preadipocytes with acquisition of specific cellular functions including insulin sensitivity, leptin secretion and the capacity to store triglyceride. Dietary ...
Szymczyk Beata - - 2003
The main objectives of the present study were to determine the effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers on the fatty acid composition and cholesterol content of egg-yolk lipids. Forty-five 25-week-old laying hens were randomly distributed into five groups of nine hens each and maintained in individual laying cages, ...
Oku Hirosuke - - 2003
This paper describes the in vitro effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on fatty acid biosynthesis. Among the rat liver enzymes involved in fatty acid biosynthesis, fatty acid synthetase (FAS) showed the largest activity fluctuation with the types of fatty acids. Of the fatty acids, CLA was the most potent ...
Su Nguyen-Duy - - 2003
The effect of CLA on paraoxonase 1 (PON1), one of the antioxidant proteins associated with HDL, was investigated for its protective action against oxidative inactivation as well as its stabilization activity. When cis-9 (c9),trans-11 (t11)-CLA and t10,c12-CLA were examined for their protective activity against ascorbate/Cu(2+)-induced inactivation of PON1 in the ...
Wiesenfeld P W - - 2003
The effects of dietary flaxseed (FS), and defatted flaxseed meal (FLM) on serum and tissue fatty acid profiles were investigated. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were fed AIN-93 based diets balanced in calories, fat, nitrogen, and fiber. Diets contained 0, 20%, 40% FS or 13% or 26% FLM by weight. The control, ...
Nagao Toshihiro - - 2003
A mixture of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) was prepared by alkali conjugation of high purity linoleic acid. The preparation contained 45.1 wt% cis-9, trans-11 (c9,t11)-CLA, 46.8 wt% trans-10, cis-12 (t10,c12)-CLA, and 5.3 wt% other CLAs. A process comprising Candida rugosa lipase-catalyzed selective esterification with lauryl alcohol, molecular distillation, and urea ...
Oikawa Daichi - - 2003
This study investigated the influence of PUFA on the properties of mouse skin. Mice (3 wk old) were given free access to oils high in linoleic acid, CLA, or DHA for 4 wk. At the end of the experiment, their skins were compared by both biochemical and histological methods. No ...
Nair Vinod B - - 2003
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of fatty acids and iontophoretic mode of penetration enhancement on transdermal delivery of Arginine Vasopressin (AVP). Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat skin was pretreated with fatty acids (e.g. 5% w/v, lauric acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid in ethanol:water (EtOH:W, 2:1 system) ...
Alonso L - - 2003
A gas chromatographic procedure was used for analysis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic; trans-10, cis-12 octadecadienoic; and trans-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic (c9t11, t10c12, t9t11) produced by lactobacilli. Four different cultures, two strains each of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei were tested for their ability to produce CLA from free ...
Velasco L - - 2003
Seed oil of current zero erucic-acid germplasm of Ethiopian mustard ( Brassica carinata A. Braun) is characterized by a low concentration of oleic acid and high concentrations of linoleic and linolenic acids. Sources of increased oleic-acid (HO) and reduced linolenic-acid (LL) concentration have been developed separately in high erucic-acid germplasm. ...
Granlund Linda - - 2003
A group of polyunsaturated fatty acids called conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are found in ruminant products, where the most common isomers are cis9, trans11 (c 9,t11) and trans10, cis12 (t10,c12) CLA. A crude mixture of these isomers has been shown in animal studies to alter body composition by a reduction ...
Chen Xi-Guang - - 2003
Chitosan was modified by coupling with linoleic acid through the 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide-mediated reaction to increase its amphipathicity for improved emulsification. The micelle formation of linoleic acid-modified chitosan in the 0.1 M acetic acid solution was enhanced by O/W emulsification with methylene chloride, an oil phase. The fluorescence spectra indicate that without ...
Ju Jin Woo - - 2003
The effects of sulfur addition on the formation of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers were studied during the hydrogenation of soybean oil with a nonselective type nickel catalyst. Sulfur addition greatly promoted CLA formation in soybean oil during hydrogenation. As the amount of sulfur increased to a certain level, the ...
Delmonte Pierluigi - - 2003
CLA is of considerable interest because of reported potentially beneficial effects in animal studies. CLA, while not yet unambiguously defined, is a mixture of octadecadienoic acids with conjugated double bonds. The major isomer in natural products is generally considered to be cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid (c9,t11), which represents > 75% of the ...
Shirasaka Norifumi - - 2003
The mono trans geometrical isomer of eicosapentaenoic acid, 5c,8c,11c,14c,17t-eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5delta5c,8c,11c,14c,17t), was synthesized by fatty acid microbial conversion using a delta12-desaturase defective mutant of an arachidonic acid (AA)-producing fungus, Mortierella alpina 1S-4. The substrate for the bioconversion, a geometrical isomer of linolenic acid, was prepared by isomerization of linseed oil ...
Risé Patrizia - - 2003
Simvastatin enhances the conversion of linoleic acid to their long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid derivatives, e.g. arachidonic acid, in addition to typically inhibiting the de novo cholesterol synthesis, in cultured cells. The dose-response relationships for the above effects show that simvastatin, atorvastatin and fluvastatin affect linoleic acid conversion and the ...
Bruder Eric D - - 2003
Oxidized derivatives of linoleic acid have the potential to alter steroidogenesis. One such derivative is 12,13-epoxy-9- keto-10-(trans)-octadecenoic acid (EKODE). To evaluate the effect of EKODE on corticosterone production, dispersed rat zona fasciculata/reticularis (subcapsular) cells were incubated for 2 h with EKODE alone or together with rat ACTH (0, 0.2, or ...
Takahashi Yoko - - 2003
The effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the activity and mRNA levels of hepatic enzymes involved in fatty acid synthesis and oxidation were examined in mice. In the first experiment, male ICR and C57BL/6J mice were fed diets containing either a 1.5% fatty acid preparation rich in CLA ...
Reményi Judit - - 2003
Two isomers of cis-aconytil-daunomycin (cAD) were isolated after the reaction of daunomycin with cis-aconitic-anhydride. The structure of the isomers was identified by MS-spectroscopy and 1H and 13C NMR experiments. In contrast with the assumptions described earlier, our results show that the two isomers belong to the cis- and trans-isomers of ...
Jensen J M - - 2003
The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensory and physical characteristics of pork chops from loins enhanced to 110% of original weight with either (1) potassium lactate, potassium diacetate, phosphate and salt, (2) sodium lactate, phosphate and salt, (3) potassium lactate, phosphate and salt, (4) sodium acetate, phosphate ...
Mikkilineni V - - 2003
Increased levels of oleic acid may enhance the nutritional and functional value of corn. Corn oil is primarily composed of palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic fatty acids. Delta-12 desaturase in plants converts oleic acid (18:1) to linoleic acid (18:2) by inserting a double bond at the delta-12 position. Fatty ...
Djoussé Luc - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of linolenic acid is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality. However, it is unknown whether linolenic acid is associated with a lower risk of carotid atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association between dietary linolenic acid and the presence of atherosclerotic plaques ...
Rotta Alexandre T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether perfluorooctyl bromide (perflubron) is capable of protecting biological and nonbiological systems against oxidative damage through a mechanism independent of its known anti-inflammatory property. DESIGN: A controlled, in vitro laboratory study. SETTING: Research laboratory of a health sciences university. SUBJECTS: Rat pulmonary artery endothelial cell cultures (biological ...
Dauchy Robert T - - 2003
Melatonin (MLT), the circadian neurohormone secreted by the pineal gland in mammals during darkness, eicosapentanoic acid (EPA), and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) have established regulatory roles in cancer growth. Investigations in our laboratory have indicated that these agents inhibit fatty acid (FA) transport by tumors and several sub-types of white ...
Mahmood T - - 2003
An RFLP linkage map, comprising 300 linked and 16 unlinked loci, was constructed using reciprocal DH populations of Brassica juncea. The linked loci were organized into 18 linkage groups and seven unlinked segments, covering a total map distance of 1,564 cM. The A and B genomes were identified. The chi(2) ...
Boonprab Kangsadan - - 2003
Some marine algae can form volatile aldehydes such as n-hexanal, hexenals, and nonenals. In higher plants it is well established that these short-chain aldehydes are formed from C18 fatty acids via actions of lipoxygenase and fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase, however, the biosynthetic pathway in marine algae has not been fully ...
de Kok T M C M - - 2003
It has been hypothesized that oxygen radicals generated by peroxidation of dietary linoleic acid may induce genetic damage and thereby increase cancer risk. We examined the effect of dietary supplementation with linoleic acid on the levels of oxidative DNA damage in peripheral lymphocytes and on the blood plasma antioxidant potential. ...
Lee Chaeyoung - - 2003
A partial genome scan using microsatellite markers was conducted in order to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for 10 fatty acid contents of the backfat in a pig reference population. Two QTLs were found by studying SSC1, SSC13, and SSC18, where QTLs had already been identified for backfat thickness. A ...
Gruffat Dominique - - 2003
Hepatic metabolism of the two main isomers of CLA (9cis-11trans, 10trans-12cis C18:2) was compared to that of oleic acid (representative of the main plasma FA) in 16 rats by using the in vitro method of incubated liver slices. Liver tissue samples were incubated at 37 degrees C for 17 h ...
Inagaki Katsuya - - 2003
The expression of delta6 fatty acid desaturase, previously identified, was suppressed almost completely by hyper expression of the corresponding antisense gene in a transformant of the rat hepatic cell line BRL-3A. Conversion rates of [1-14C] linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, and tetracosapentaenoic acid into the respective delta6 fatty acids were equivalent ...
Kaneko Takao - - 2003
Coumarins comprise a group of natural phenolic compounds found in a variety of plant sources. Protective effects of coumarins against cytotoxicity induced by linoleic acid hydroperoxide were examined in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. When the cells were incubated in medium supplemented with linoleic acid hydroperoxide and coumarins, esculetin ...
Kishino Shigenobu - - 2003
An isomer of the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) produced from linoleic acid by Lactobacillus plantarum was identified as cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Together with earlier results, we concluded that the bacterium produces two CLA isomers, cis-9,trans-11- and trans-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid from linoleic acid. The addition of L-serine, ...
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