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Hutley L J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a ligand-activated transcription factor known to be central to both adipose tissue development and insulin action. Growth of adipose tissue requires differentiation of preadipocytes with acquisition of specific cellular functions including insulin sensitivity, leptin secretion and the capacity to store triglyceride. Dietary ...
Szymczyk Beata - - 2003
The main objectives of the present study were to determine the effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers on the fatty acid composition and cholesterol content of egg-yolk lipids. Forty-five 25-week-old laying hens were randomly distributed into five groups of nine hens each and maintained in individual laying cages, ...
Oku Hirosuke - - 2003
This paper describes the in vitro effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on fatty acid biosynthesis. Among the rat liver enzymes involved in fatty acid biosynthesis, fatty acid synthetase (FAS) showed the largest activity fluctuation with the types of fatty acids. Of the fatty acids, CLA was the most potent ...
Su Nguyen-Duy - - 2003
The effect of CLA on paraoxonase 1 (PON1), one of the antioxidant proteins associated with HDL, was investigated for its protective action against oxidative inactivation as well as its stabilization activity. When cis-9 (c9),trans-11 (t11)-CLA and t10,c12-CLA were examined for their protective activity against ascorbate/Cu(2+)-induced inactivation of PON1 in the ...
Wiesenfeld P W - - 2003
The effects of dietary flaxseed (FS), and defatted flaxseed meal (FLM) on serum and tissue fatty acid profiles were investigated. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were fed AIN-93 based diets balanced in calories, fat, nitrogen, and fiber. Diets contained 0, 20%, 40% FS or 13% or 26% FLM by weight. The control, ...
Nagao Toshihiro - - 2003
A mixture of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) was prepared by alkali conjugation of high purity linoleic acid. The preparation contained 45.1 wt% cis-9, trans-11 (c9,t11)-CLA, 46.8 wt% trans-10, cis-12 (t10,c12)-CLA, and 5.3 wt% other CLAs. A process comprising Candida rugosa lipase-catalyzed selective esterification with lauryl alcohol, molecular distillation, and urea ...
Oikawa Daichi - - 2003
This study investigated the influence of PUFA on the properties of mouse skin. Mice (3 wk old) were given free access to oils high in linoleic acid, CLA, or DHA for 4 wk. At the end of the experiment, their skins were compared by both biochemical and histological methods. No ...
Nair Vinod B - - 2003
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of fatty acids and iontophoretic mode of penetration enhancement on transdermal delivery of Arginine Vasopressin (AVP). Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat skin was pretreated with fatty acids (e.g. 5% w/v, lauric acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid in ethanol:water (EtOH:W, 2:1 system) ...
Alonso L - - 2003
A gas chromatographic procedure was used for analysis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic; trans-10, cis-12 octadecadienoic; and trans-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic (c9t11, t10c12, t9t11) produced by lactobacilli. Four different cultures, two strains each of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei were tested for their ability to produce CLA from free ...
Velasco L - - 2003
Seed oil of current zero erucic-acid germplasm of Ethiopian mustard ( Brassica carinata A. Braun) is characterized by a low concentration of oleic acid and high concentrations of linoleic and linolenic acids. Sources of increased oleic-acid (HO) and reduced linolenic-acid (LL) concentration have been developed separately in high erucic-acid germplasm. ...
Granlund Linda - - 2003
A group of polyunsaturated fatty acids called conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are found in ruminant products, where the most common isomers are cis9, trans11 (c 9,t11) and trans10, cis12 (t10,c12) CLA. A crude mixture of these isomers has been shown in animal studies to alter body composition by a reduction ...
Chen Xi-Guang - - 2003
Chitosan was modified by coupling with linoleic acid through the 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide-mediated reaction to increase its amphipathicity for improved emulsification. The micelle formation of linoleic acid-modified chitosan in the 0.1 M acetic acid solution was enhanced by O/W emulsification with methylene chloride, an oil phase. The fluorescence spectra indicate that without ...
Ju Jin Woo - - 2003
The effects of sulfur addition on the formation of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers were studied during the hydrogenation of soybean oil with a nonselective type nickel catalyst. Sulfur addition greatly promoted CLA formation in soybean oil during hydrogenation. As the amount of sulfur increased to a certain level, the ...
Delmonte Pierluigi - - 2003
CLA is of considerable interest because of reported potentially beneficial effects in animal studies. CLA, while not yet unambiguously defined, is a mixture of octadecadienoic acids with conjugated double bonds. The major isomer in natural products is generally considered to be cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid (c9,t11), which represents > 75% of the ...
Shirasaka Norifumi - - 2003
The mono trans geometrical isomer of eicosapentaenoic acid, 5c,8c,11c,14c,17t-eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5delta5c,8c,11c,14c,17t), was synthesized by fatty acid microbial conversion using a delta12-desaturase defective mutant of an arachidonic acid (AA)-producing fungus, Mortierella alpina 1S-4. The substrate for the bioconversion, a geometrical isomer of linolenic acid, was prepared by isomerization of linseed oil ...
Risé Patrizia - - 2003
Simvastatin enhances the conversion of linoleic acid to their long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid derivatives, e.g. arachidonic acid, in addition to typically inhibiting the de novo cholesterol synthesis, in cultured cells. The dose-response relationships for the above effects show that simvastatin, atorvastatin and fluvastatin affect linoleic acid conversion and the ...
Bruder Eric D - - 2003
Oxidized derivatives of linoleic acid have the potential to alter steroidogenesis. One such derivative is 12,13-epoxy-9- keto-10-(trans)-octadecenoic acid (EKODE). To evaluate the effect of EKODE on corticosterone production, dispersed rat zona fasciculata/reticularis (subcapsular) cells were incubated for 2 h with EKODE alone or together with rat ACTH (0, 0.2, or ...
Takahashi Yoko - - 2003
The effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the activity and mRNA levels of hepatic enzymes involved in fatty acid synthesis and oxidation were examined in mice. In the first experiment, male ICR and C57BL/6J mice were fed diets containing either a 1.5% fatty acid preparation rich in CLA ...
Reményi Judit - - 2003
Two isomers of cis-aconytil-daunomycin (cAD) were isolated after the reaction of daunomycin with cis-aconitic-anhydride. The structure of the isomers was identified by MS-spectroscopy and 1H and 13C NMR experiments. In contrast with the assumptions described earlier, our results show that the two isomers belong to the cis- and trans-isomers of ...
Jensen J M - - 2003
The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensory and physical characteristics of pork chops from loins enhanced to 110% of original weight with either (1) potassium lactate, potassium diacetate, phosphate and salt, (2) sodium lactate, phosphate and salt, (3) potassium lactate, phosphate and salt, (4) sodium acetate, phosphate ...
Mikkilineni V - - 2003
Increased levels of oleic acid may enhance the nutritional and functional value of corn. Corn oil is primarily composed of palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic fatty acids. Delta-12 desaturase in plants converts oleic acid (18:1) to linoleic acid (18:2) by inserting a double bond at the delta-12 position. Fatty ...
Djoussé Luc - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of linolenic acid is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality. However, it is unknown whether linolenic acid is associated with a lower risk of carotid atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association between dietary linolenic acid and the presence of atherosclerotic plaques ...
Rotta Alexandre T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether perfluorooctyl bromide (perflubron) is capable of protecting biological and nonbiological systems against oxidative damage through a mechanism independent of its known anti-inflammatory property. DESIGN: A controlled, in vitro laboratory study. SETTING: Research laboratory of a health sciences university. SUBJECTS: Rat pulmonary artery endothelial cell cultures (biological ...
Dauchy Robert T - - 2003
Melatonin (MLT), the circadian neurohormone secreted by the pineal gland in mammals during darkness, eicosapentanoic acid (EPA), and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) have established regulatory roles in cancer growth. Investigations in our laboratory have indicated that these agents inhibit fatty acid (FA) transport by tumors and several sub-types of white ...
Mahmood T - - 2003
An RFLP linkage map, comprising 300 linked and 16 unlinked loci, was constructed using reciprocal DH populations of Brassica juncea. The linked loci were organized into 18 linkage groups and seven unlinked segments, covering a total map distance of 1,564 cM. The A and B genomes were identified. The chi(2) ...
Boonprab Kangsadan - - 2003
Some marine algae can form volatile aldehydes such as n-hexanal, hexenals, and nonenals. In higher plants it is well established that these short-chain aldehydes are formed from C18 fatty acids via actions of lipoxygenase and fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase, however, the biosynthetic pathway in marine algae has not been fully ...
de Kok T M C M - - 2003
It has been hypothesized that oxygen radicals generated by peroxidation of dietary linoleic acid may induce genetic damage and thereby increase cancer risk. We examined the effect of dietary supplementation with linoleic acid on the levels of oxidative DNA damage in peripheral lymphocytes and on the blood plasma antioxidant potential. ...
Lee Chaeyoung - - 2003
A partial genome scan using microsatellite markers was conducted in order to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for 10 fatty acid contents of the backfat in a pig reference population. Two QTLs were found by studying SSC1, SSC13, and SSC18, where QTLs had already been identified for backfat thickness. A ...
Gruffat Dominique - - 2003
Hepatic metabolism of the two main isomers of CLA (9cis-11trans, 10trans-12cis C18:2) was compared to that of oleic acid (representative of the main plasma FA) in 16 rats by using the in vitro method of incubated liver slices. Liver tissue samples were incubated at 37 degrees C for 17 h ...
Inagaki Katsuya - - 2003
The expression of delta6 fatty acid desaturase, previously identified, was suppressed almost completely by hyper expression of the corresponding antisense gene in a transformant of the rat hepatic cell line BRL-3A. Conversion rates of [1-14C] linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, and tetracosapentaenoic acid into the respective delta6 fatty acids were equivalent ...
Kaneko Takao - - 2003
Coumarins comprise a group of natural phenolic compounds found in a variety of plant sources. Protective effects of coumarins against cytotoxicity induced by linoleic acid hydroperoxide were examined in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. When the cells were incubated in medium supplemented with linoleic acid hydroperoxide and coumarins, esculetin ...
Kishino Shigenobu - - 2003
An isomer of the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) produced from linoleic acid by Lactobacillus plantarum was identified as cis-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Together with earlier results, we concluded that the bacterium produces two CLA isomers, cis-9,trans-11- and trans-9,trans-11-octadecadienoic acid from linoleic acid. The addition of L-serine, ...
Attar-Bashi N M - - 2003
Background - The synthesis of DHA from ALA is limited in healthy individuals, especially in young men. The rate limiting step in the formation of DHA from ALA is the last step which involves peroxisomal oxidation of 24:6n-3 to DHA. CLA is the common name of a group of fatty ...
van de Vossenberg J L C M - - 2003
AIMS: To identify a ruminal isolate which transforms oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids to stearic acid and to identify transient intermediates formed during biohydrogenation. METHODS AND RESULTS: The stearic acid-forming bacterium, isolated from the rumen of a grazing cow, was a Gram-negative motile rod which utilized a range of growth ...
Egashira Yukari - - 2003
Hepatic ACMSD [EC4.1.1.45] plays a key role in regulating NAD biosynthesis from tryptophan. We previously reported that ingestion of polyunsaturated fatty acids by rats leads to a decrease in their hepatic ACMSD activity. We purified ACMSD and cloned cDNA encoding rat ACMSD. Therefore, in this study, we examined whether dietary ...
Gonzalez S - - 2003
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate oxidation and firmness of butter and ice cream made with modified milkfat containing enhanced amounts of linoleic acid or oleic acid. The influence of the fatty acid profile of the HO milkfat relating to product properties as compared with the influence ...
Jenkins Julie K - - 2003
Five Lactobacillus strains of intestinal and food origins were grown in MRS broth or milk containing various concentrations of linoleic acid or conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The fatty acids had bacteriostatic, bacteriocidal, or no effect depending on bacterial strain, fatty acid concentration, fatty acid type, and growth medium. Both fatty ...
Coakley M - - 2003
AIMS: To assess strains of Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Pediococcus and Bifidobacterium for their ability to produce the health-promoting fatty acid conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from free linoleic acid. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, strains of Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Pediococcus and Bifidobacterium were grown in medium containing free linoleic acid. Growth of ...
Badinga L - - 2003
We examined the effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on growth performance and liver composition in broiler chickens. Day-old male broiler chicks were assigned to receive a diet supplemented with corn oil (5%; n = 48) or CLA (5%; n = 48) for 21 d. Broilers fed CLA weighed ...
Valianpour F - - 2003
The object of this study was to investigate whether the levels of cardiolipin in cultured skin fibroblasts of patients with Barth syndrome (BTHS) can be restored by addition of linoleic acid to growth media. To this end, fibroblasts from controls and BTHS patients were grown in the presence or absence ...
Ma Zhi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is deposited as amyloid in the islets of Langerhans in type 2 diabetes. The mechanism behind the formation of the cytotoxic fibrils is unknown. Islet amyloid develops in a mouse IAPP null mouse strain that expresses human IAPP (+hIAPP/-mIAPP) after 9 months on a high-fat ...
Ntambi James M - - 2002
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has shown a wide range of biologically beneficial effects; reduction of incidence and severity of animal carcinogenesis, reduction of the adverse effects of immune stimulation, reduction of severity of atherosclerosis, growth promotion in young rats, and modulation of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD). One of the most interesting ...
Fukuda Shinji - - 2002
Production of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) by the intestinal bacteria of dogs and cats was demonstrated by incubating their feces with linoleic acid (LA). CLA accumulated once, and then decreased with time. The numbers of LA-hydrogenating bacteria in the intestines appeared to decrease greatly with the ages of dogs and ...
Berdeaux O - - 2002
Various nutritional studies on CLA, a mixture of isomers of linoleic acid, have reported the occurrence of conjugated long-chain PUFA after feeding experimental animals with rumenic acid, 9c,11t-18:2, the major CLA isomer, probably as a result of successive desaturation and chain elongation. In the present work, in vitro studies were ...
Nuñez Alberto - - 2002
Oxygenation of linoleic acid by the enzyme lipoxygenase (LOX) that is present in the microalga Chlorella pyrenoidosa is known to produce the corresponding 9- and 13-hydroperoxide derivatives of linoleic acid (9- and 13-HPOD, respectively). Previous work with this microalga indicated that partially purified LOX, present in the 30-45 and 45-80% ...
Goodfriend T L - - 2002
Adrenal steroidogenesis is under complex control, and clinical observations suggest that not all regulators have been identified. We postulated that fatty acid oxidation products found in the diet or formed in the body could affect steroidogenesis. Linoleic acid is a prominent constituent of animal fat and is readily oxidized. We ...
Martin Jean-Charles - - 2002
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a generic term referring to a mixture of geometrical and positional isomers of linoleic acid in which up to 16 members have been identified. Many potentially beneficial health effects have been ascribed to these fatty acids when consumed as a mixture, and where generally 2 ...
Liang Chiu-Fang - - 2002
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) was reported to regulate triacyl glycerol synthesis in various cells. Linoleic acid and its metabolites were thought to modulate the signal transduction of growth factors. This study determined whether linoleic acid regulated the effect of EGF on lipid contents in human intestinal C2BBe1 cells. Confluent cells ...
Jung Mun Yhung - - 2002
Hydrogenated soybean oil was obtained after 10 min of hydrogenation with 0.5% selective type Ni catalyst at 230 degrees C, a hydrogenation pressure of 0.049 MPa, and an agitation rate of 300 rpm. The conjugated linoleic acid isomers in the hydrogenated soybean oil were isolated by using a silver ion-impregnated ...
Khunyoshyeng Sauvarat - - 2002
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), namely, oleic (C18:1), linoleic (C18:2), and gamma-linolenic acid (C18:3), constituted the majority in the total fatty acid content (44%) of sporangiospores of Mucor rouxii. At 30 degrees C, the germination begins within 1h at which time spore swelling occurs, followed by germ tube emergence within 3-4h. ...
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