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Kuklev Dmitry V - - 2004
A simple and reliable method for synthesizing four isomers of parinaric acid from alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in high yields is described. The methylene-interrupted, cis triene system (1,4,7-octatriene) of ALA and common to other naturally occurring polyunsaturated fatty acids was transformed to a conjugated tetraene system (1,3,5,7-octatetraene). The synthesis involves bromination ...
Valeille Karine - - 2004
We analyzed two kinds of dairy fat differing in their contents of cis9, trans11-conjugated linoleic acid (cis9,trans 11-CLA or rumenic acid), and determined the positional distribution of this CLA-isomer within the three sn- positions of the triacylglycerol. In the high rumenic acid fat (HR), the CLA-isomers amounted to 2.1% of ...
Park Yeonhwa - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduces body fat in part by inhibiting the activity of heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase (HR-LPL) activity in adipocytes, an effect that is induced by the trans-10,cis-12 CLA isomer. In this study we used a series of compounds that are structurally related to CLA (i.e., CLA cognates) to ...
Yang Tsung-Shi - - 2004
Linoleic acid from soybean oil was used to synthesize conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), and the response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the process. A temperature of -35 degrees C and a solvent to oil sample ratio of 8 were suggested for removal of saturated fatty acids by low-temperature ...
Badiani Anna - - 2004
Proximate composition and fatty acid profile, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers included, were determined in separable lean of raw and cooked lamb rib loins. The cooking methods compared, which were also investigated for cooking yields and true nutrient retention values, were dry heating of fat-on cuts and moist heating of ...
DeWitt Christopher - - 2004
Botanical, or plant-derived, solvents such as turpentine, pine oils, and various essential oils are used as environmentally acceptable alternatives to traditional solvents and degreasing agents. This article focuses on three lesser-known botanical solvents: limonene, oleic acid, and linoleic acid. Although data are limited, limonene, linoleic acid, and oleic acid are ...
Gnädig Silke - - 2004
In a study of the evolution of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) during cheese production, the influence of Emmental cheese processing on the CLA content and the CLA isomer composition was evaluated. The use of raw and thermised milk, changes of processing temperature and the effect of propionic acid bacteria (PAB) ...
Cury-Boaventura Maria Fernanda - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Lipid emulsions for parenteral nutrition commercially available are mainly composed of long-chain triacylglycerol containing a high proportion of alpha-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids or alpha-9 monounsaturated fatty acids. The immunological impact of such therapy is particularly important because parenteral and enteral diets are often administered to critical ill patients. The ...
Sauer Leonard A - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and some trans fatty acids (FA) decrease tumor growth and alter tumor and host lipid uptake and storage. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that the acute inhibitory effects of CLA isomers and trans FAs on FA transport in tumors and white ...
Braidot Enrico - - 2004
In this paper, both biochemical and immunochemical evidence for the presence of lipoxygenase (LOX) in plant mitochondria is presented. Highly purified pea (Pisum sativum L., cv. Alaska) mitochondria show LOX activity, evaluated as conjugated diene formation, oxygen consumption, and hydroperoxide formation. Both 9- and 13-hydroperoxy-octadecadienoic acids are produced by the ...
Slomma Nadine - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12 CLA on the delta4-desaturation process in HepG2 cells. Experiments were conducted in which HepG2 cells were incubated with 25 micromol/L of those fatty acids and the concentrations of (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids ...
Nilsson Elna - - 2004
We used video recording of the movement pattern of Protaphorura armata (Collembola) to test whether its avoidance of the odor of dead conspecifics extends to related species. P. armata was repelled by the odor of dead individuals of Onychiurus scotarius and Onychiurus circulans, but not by live individuals. Free palmitic, ...
Kimura Hideto - - 2004
Potato tubers are shown to contain a unique lipoxygenase pathway to form 9-hydroperoxy-10,12-octadecadienoic acid (9-HPODE) from linoleic acid. Here, we report the metabolic pathway of 9-HPODE in the cytosolic fraction and the characterization of enzymes involved in the conversion of metabolites. The analysis of enzymatic reaction products at pH 5.5 ...
Dauchy Robert T - - 2004
In established rodent tumors and human cancer cell lines, conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid (CLA) suppress the growth-stimulating effects of linoleic acid (LA) and its metabolism to the mitogenic agent, 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE). Here, we compared the effects of three CLA isomers on LA uptake and metabolism, and growth ...
Lin Xiaobo - - 2004
To investigate the effects of 2 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers and trans11-18:1 (TVA) on de novo lipogenesis and desaturation in liver and mammary gland, lactating mice were fed diets containing 3% canola oil (control) or 2% canola oil plus 1% stearic acid (SA), TVA, cis9,trans11 CLA (c9t11), or trans10,cis12 ...
McLeod Roger S - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are isomeric forms of the 18:2 fatty acid that contain conjugated sites of unsaturation. Although CLAs are minor components of the diet, they have many reported biological activities. For nearly a decade, the potential for CLA to modify the atherosclerotic process has been examined in animal ...
Banni Sebastiano - - 2004
In a previous paper, we showed that naturally occurring conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from butter fat is metabolized in vivo to higher metabolites such as conjugated diene (CD) 18:3, CD 20:3 and CD 20:4, all the while retaining the conjugated diene structure. In this paper, we describe the detection of ...
Tsuzuki Tsuyoshi - - 2004
We have recently shown that alpha-eleostearic acid (alpha-ESA), a conjugated linolenic acid, has a stronger antitumor effect than conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, the oxidative stability of alpha-ESA was examined compared with linoleic acid (LA), alpha-linolenic acid (LnA), and CLA. Thin layers ...
Nielsen Ghita Studsgaard - - 2004
Three continuous assays are described for lipoxygenase (LOX), hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) in leek tissue. The catalytic activity of LOX showed significant difference (significance level 5%) between linolenic acid (9.43 x 10(-)(4) katals per kg protein) and linoleic acid (2.53 x 10(-)(4) katals per kg protein), and ...
Speake Brian K - - 2004
The yolk fatty-acid profiles of a range of species of insectivorous scincid lizards generally conform to a common pattern, typified by high proportions of linoleic acid (13.5-18.5% of total fatty acids), substantial proportions of alpha-linolenic acid (2.4-8.2%), and significant amounts of the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, arachidonic (1.6-3.3%), eicosapentaenoic (0.7-1.2%) ...
Nakanishi Tomonori - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The present study was done to clarify the mechanism by which conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) induces fatty liver in mice and to attenuate this symptom by adding other dietary fatty acids. METHODS: Mice were given CLA short (12 h) or long (4 wk) term or given CLA with linoleic ...
Vahvaselkä Marjatta - - 2004
A method for microbial isomerization of oat linoleic acid to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was developed. The method includes hydrolysis of oat lipids in aqueous flour slurries by the endogenous oat lipase. Then, the flour slurry containing free linoleic acid is utilized as a substrate for the isomerization reaction carried ...
Kang Kihwa - - 2004
The trans-10,cis-12 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduces body fat gain in animals and inhibits stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. To test whether CLA's body fat reduction is mediated by SCD1, wild-type and SCD1-null mice were fed diet supplemented with 0.2% trans-10,cis-12 (t10c12) CLA for 4 weeks. ...
Joffre Florent - - 2004
Cyclic fatty acid monomers (CFAM), which occur from the intramolecular cyclisation of linoleic and linolenic acids, are subsequently present in some edible oils and are suspected to induce metabolic disorders. One may suggest that the presence of a ring would alter the ability of the organism to oxidise these molecules. ...
Delmonte Pierluigi - - 2004
Silver-ion high-performance liquid chromatography (Ag+-HPLC) has been shown to be effective in the resolution of most of the isomers of conjugated octadecadienoic acids (18:2), also known as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The CLA isomers identified in natural fats from ruminants are a mixture of numerous positional and geometric isomers from ...
Cruz-Hernandez Cristina - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are octadecadienoic acids (18:2) that have a conjugated double-bond system. Interest in these compounds has expanded since CLA were found to be associated with a number of physiological and pathological responses such as cancer, metastases, atherosclerosis, diabetes, immunity, and body fat/protein composition. The main sources of ...
Montoudis Alain - - 2004
Fetal development requires an important entry of essential free fatty acids (EFFA) and essential amino acids (EAA) into the fetal circulation. We have reported that a 0.2% enriched-cholesterol diet (ECD) during rabbit gestation significantly reduces fetus weight compared to control diet. It is known that dietary linoleic acid deficiency, an ...
Kim Young Jun - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have shown diverse biological activities, including anti-carcinogenic, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-adipogenic, and anti-diabetogenic effects. Recent reports also showed that CLA has free radical scavenging capacity, which may give health benefits to human beings. However, the application of CLA as a bioactive ingredient has been limited due to its ...
Ferreri Carla - - 2004
Trans unsaturated fatty acids in humans may be originated by two different contributions. The exogenous track is due to dietary supplementation of trans fats and the endogenous path deals with free-radical-catalyzed cis-trans isomerization of fatty acids. Arachidonic acid residue (5c,8c,11c,14c-20:4), which has only two out of the four double bonds ...
Delmonte P - - 2004
Octadecadienoic acids with conjugated double bonds are often referred to as conjugated linoleic acid, or CLA. CLA is of considerable interest because of potentially beneficial effects reported from animal studies. Analysis of CLA is usually carried out by GC elution of FAME. If the presence of low-level isomers is of ...
Cabrera Aivlé - - 2004
Chemical analyses by GC-MS of the metapleural glands (MG) from workers of Solenopsis invicta and S. geminata revealed for the first time the chemical composition of these glands and showed small differences between the two species. The MG of both species contain oleic, stearic, linoleic, and palmitic acid. Both ants, ...
Burdge Graham C - - 2004
This study investigated the incorporation of cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (c9,t11 CLA) and trans-10,cis-12-CLA (t10,c12 CLA) into plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) lipids when consumed as supplements highly enriched in these isomers. Healthy men (n = 49, age 31 +/- 8 years) consumed one, two, and four capsules ...
Busquets M - - 2004
The isolation of a new lipoxygenase-like (LOX-like) enzyme from Pseudomonas 42A2 and its characterization is described. The enzyme, located in the periplasm of the cell, which contained 0.55 mol of Fe2+ per mol of protein, is monomeric and has a molecular mass of 45 kDa. In the presence of oxygen, ...
Ishida Betty K - - 2004
In this study, we analyzed fatty acid and carotenoid composition of fruit tissues, including seed (which are surrounded by a bright red, oily aril) of Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng, known as gac in Vietnam. Carotenoid content was analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC, using a C(30) column and a method separating cis- and ...
Goodfriend Theodore L - - 2004
Plasma levels of aldosterone are not always predictable from the activity of renin and the concentration of potassium. Among the unexplained are elevated levels of aldosterone in some obese humans. Obesity is characterized by increased plasma fatty acids and oxidative stress. We postulated that oxidized fatty acids stimulate aldosteronogenesis. The ...
Jarmuszkiewicz Wiesława - - 2004
Mitochondria of the amoeba Acanthamoeba castellanii possess a free fatty acid-activated uncoupling protein (AcUCP) that mediates proton re-uptake driven by the mitochondrial proton electrochemical gradient. We show that AcUCP activity diverts energy from ATP synthesis during state 3 mitochondrial respiration in a fatty acid-dependent way. The efficiency of AcUCP in ...
Chang P-K - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate how linoleic acid affects conidial production and sclerotial development in a strictly mitotic Aspergillus parasiticus field isolate as related to improving biocompetitivity of atoxigenic Aspergillus species. METHODS AND RESULTS: We disrupted A. parasiticusDelta12-oleic acid desaturase gene (odeA) responsible for the conversion of oleic acid to linoleic acid. ...
Lee Ki Won - - 2004
The application of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) as a functional food ingredient has been limited due to its high cost of purification and insolubility in water. Recently, we reported a method to produce high-purity CLA using two-step urea-inclusion crystallization and a hydrophilic arginine-CLA (Arg-CLA) complex. The present study compared the ...
Akbiyik Filiz - - 2004
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is mainly expressed in liver and involved in lipid metabolism. Oxidation of certain fatty acids in peroxisomes is under PPARalpha control. A wide variety of lipid molecules activate PPARalpha as well as the fibric acid derivative clofibrate. In the present study, we evaluated the differential ...
Mashek D G - - 2004
The objective was to determine the effects of linoleic acid and different isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) at different concentrations on hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism in the bovine. Monolayer cultures of hepatocytes obtained from 7- to 10-d-old Holstein bull calves were exposed to treatments from 16 to 64 ...
Colla Luciane Maria - - 2004
The influence of culture temperature and the concentration of sodium nitrate (NaNO3) on the gas-chromatographic profile of the fatty acids of the filamentous cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis was evaluated. We found that temperature was the most important factor and that the greatest amount of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) was obtained at 30 ...
Lenz Thomas L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on several dietary supplements and herbal products commonly promoted for weight loss. DATA SOURCES: Recently published articles and abstracts identified through PubMed (May 1987-May 2003), MEDLINE (January 1966-May 2003), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (January 1970-May 2003), and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (January 1995-May 2003) using ...
McCloy U - - 2004
Altered use of different dietary fatty acids may contribute to several chronic diseases, including obesity, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease. However, few comparative data are available to support this link, so the goal of the present study was to compare the metabolism of [(13)C]oleate, [(13)C]alpha-linolenate, [(13)C]elaidate, and [(13)C]linoleate through ...
Cristea Mirela - - 2003
Mycelia of two strains of Magnaporthe grisea, Guy 11 and TH3, were incubated with linoleic acid, and the metabolites were isolated and identified by GC-MS and LC-MS. The two main metabolites were identified as 8-hydroxylinoleic and 7,8-dihydroxylinoleic acids, and the former was further oxidized by n-2 and by n-3 hydroxylation ...
Viswanathan Saraswathi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid are well known dietary lipids that may be atherogenic by activating vascular endothelial cells. In the liver, fatty acids can be metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, but little is known about the role of these enzymes in the vascular endothelium. CYP ...
Troegeler-Meynadier A - - 2003
Three experiments were conducted by in vitro incubations in ruminal fluid to investigate the effects of pH and amounts of linoleic and linolenic acids on the extent of their biohydrogenation, the proportions of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and trans-C18:1 as intermediates, and the ratio trans-10:trans-11 intermediates. The effects of pH ...
Watkins Bruce A - - 2003
Effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the fatty acid composition of different egg compartments after storage were studied. Four dietary treatments [supplemented with safflower oil (SAFF, control group), DHA, CLAs plus DHA (CAD), and CLAs alone] were administered to Single Comb White Leghorn (SCWL) ...
Nguyen Su Duy - - 2003
The effect of lipids on PON1 (paraoxonase 1), one of antioxidant proteins in high-density lipoprotein, was investigated in respect to inhibition, protection against oxidative inactivation, and stabilization. When the effect of lipids on the PON1 activity was examined, a remarkable inhibition was expressed by polyenoic fatty acids (C18:2-C20:5). Linoleic acid, ...
Margolles Cabrales Inmaculada - - 2003
Seventy-seven ciders from four consecutive harvests, which were produced at industrial scale by cider-makers from the region of Asturias (northern Spain), were analyzed to evaluate their foam capacity. The Bikerman method for the evaluation of foaming characteristics was adapted to ciders. In foaming, there are two parameters, foam formation and ...
Matsui Kenji - - 2003
In order to confirm the biosynthetic pathway to 1-octen-3-ol from linoleic acid, a crude enzyme solution was prepared from the edible mushroom, Lentinus decadetes. When the reaction was performed in the presence of glutathione peroxidase, which can reduce organic hydroperoxide to the corresponding hydroxide, the amount of 1-octen-3-ol formed from ...
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