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Results 601 - 650 of 1535
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Nielsen Ghita Studsgaard - - 2004
Three continuous assays are described for lipoxygenase (LOX), hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) in leek tissue. The catalytic activity of LOX showed significant difference (significance level 5%) between linolenic acid (9.43 x 10(-)(4) katals per kg protein) and linoleic acid (2.53 x 10(-)(4) katals per kg protein), and ...
Speake Brian K - - 2004
The yolk fatty-acid profiles of a range of species of insectivorous scincid lizards generally conform to a common pattern, typified by high proportions of linoleic acid (13.5-18.5% of total fatty acids), substantial proportions of alpha-linolenic acid (2.4-8.2%), and significant amounts of the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, arachidonic (1.6-3.3%), eicosapentaenoic (0.7-1.2%) ...
Nakanishi Tomonori - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The present study was done to clarify the mechanism by which conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) induces fatty liver in mice and to attenuate this symptom by adding other dietary fatty acids. METHODS: Mice were given CLA short (12 h) or long (4 wk) term or given CLA with linoleic ...
Vahvaselkä Marjatta - - 2004
A method for microbial isomerization of oat linoleic acid to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was developed. The method includes hydrolysis of oat lipids in aqueous flour slurries by the endogenous oat lipase. Then, the flour slurry containing free linoleic acid is utilized as a substrate for the isomerization reaction carried ...
Kang Kihwa - - 2004
The trans-10,cis-12 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduces body fat gain in animals and inhibits stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. To test whether CLA's body fat reduction is mediated by SCD1, wild-type and SCD1-null mice were fed diet supplemented with 0.2% trans-10,cis-12 (t10c12) CLA for 4 weeks. ...
Joffre Florent - - 2004
Cyclic fatty acid monomers (CFAM), which occur from the intramolecular cyclisation of linoleic and linolenic acids, are subsequently present in some edible oils and are suspected to induce metabolic disorders. One may suggest that the presence of a ring would alter the ability of the organism to oxidise these molecules. ...
Delmonte Pierluigi - - 2004
Silver-ion high-performance liquid chromatography (Ag+-HPLC) has been shown to be effective in the resolution of most of the isomers of conjugated octadecadienoic acids (18:2), also known as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The CLA isomers identified in natural fats from ruminants are a mixture of numerous positional and geometric isomers from ...
Cruz-Hernandez Cristina - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are octadecadienoic acids (18:2) that have a conjugated double-bond system. Interest in these compounds has expanded since CLA were found to be associated with a number of physiological and pathological responses such as cancer, metastases, atherosclerosis, diabetes, immunity, and body fat/protein composition. The main sources of ...
Montoudis Alain - - 2004
Fetal development requires an important entry of essential free fatty acids (EFFA) and essential amino acids (EAA) into the fetal circulation. We have reported that a 0.2% enriched-cholesterol diet (ECD) during rabbit gestation significantly reduces fetus weight compared to control diet. It is known that dietary linoleic acid deficiency, an ...
Kim Young Jun - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have shown diverse biological activities, including anti-carcinogenic, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-adipogenic, and anti-diabetogenic effects. Recent reports also showed that CLA has free radical scavenging capacity, which may give health benefits to human beings. However, the application of CLA as a bioactive ingredient has been limited due to its ...
Ferreri Carla - - 2004
Trans unsaturated fatty acids in humans may be originated by two different contributions. The exogenous track is due to dietary supplementation of trans fats and the endogenous path deals with free-radical-catalyzed cis-trans isomerization of fatty acids. Arachidonic acid residue (5c,8c,11c,14c-20:4), which has only two out of the four double bonds ...
Delmonte P - - 2004
Octadecadienoic acids with conjugated double bonds are often referred to as conjugated linoleic acid, or CLA. CLA is of considerable interest because of potentially beneficial effects reported from animal studies. Analysis of CLA is usually carried out by GC elution of FAME. If the presence of low-level isomers is of ...
Cabrera Aivlé - - 2004
Chemical analyses by GC-MS of the metapleural glands (MG) from workers of Solenopsis invicta and S. geminata revealed for the first time the chemical composition of these glands and showed small differences between the two species. The MG of both species contain oleic, stearic, linoleic, and palmitic acid. Both ants, ...
Burdge Graham C - - 2004
This study investigated the incorporation of cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (c9,t11 CLA) and trans-10,cis-12-CLA (t10,c12 CLA) into plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) lipids when consumed as supplements highly enriched in these isomers. Healthy men (n = 49, age 31 +/- 8 years) consumed one, two, and four capsules ...
Busquets M - - 2004
The isolation of a new lipoxygenase-like (LOX-like) enzyme from Pseudomonas 42A2 and its characterization is described. The enzyme, located in the periplasm of the cell, which contained 0.55 mol of Fe2+ per mol of protein, is monomeric and has a molecular mass of 45 kDa. In the presence of oxygen, ...
Ishida Betty K - - 2004
In this study, we analyzed fatty acid and carotenoid composition of fruit tissues, including seed (which are surrounded by a bright red, oily aril) of Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng, known as gac in Vietnam. Carotenoid content was analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC, using a C(30) column and a method separating cis- and ...
Goodfriend Theodore L - - 2004
Plasma levels of aldosterone are not always predictable from the activity of renin and the concentration of potassium. Among the unexplained are elevated levels of aldosterone in some obese humans. Obesity is characterized by increased plasma fatty acids and oxidative stress. We postulated that oxidized fatty acids stimulate aldosteronogenesis. The ...
Jarmuszkiewicz Wiesława - - 2004
Mitochondria of the amoeba Acanthamoeba castellanii possess a free fatty acid-activated uncoupling protein (AcUCP) that mediates proton re-uptake driven by the mitochondrial proton electrochemical gradient. We show that AcUCP activity diverts energy from ATP synthesis during state 3 mitochondrial respiration in a fatty acid-dependent way. The efficiency of AcUCP in ...
Chang P-K - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate how linoleic acid affects conidial production and sclerotial development in a strictly mitotic Aspergillus parasiticus field isolate as related to improving biocompetitivity of atoxigenic Aspergillus species. METHODS AND RESULTS: We disrupted A. parasiticusDelta12-oleic acid desaturase gene (odeA) responsible for the conversion of oleic acid to linoleic acid. ...
Lee Ki Won - - 2004
The application of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) as a functional food ingredient has been limited due to its high cost of purification and insolubility in water. Recently, we reported a method to produce high-purity CLA using two-step urea-inclusion crystallization and a hydrophilic arginine-CLA (Arg-CLA) complex. The present study compared the ...
Akbiyik Filiz - - 2004
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is mainly expressed in liver and involved in lipid metabolism. Oxidation of certain fatty acids in peroxisomes is under PPARalpha control. A wide variety of lipid molecules activate PPARalpha as well as the fibric acid derivative clofibrate. In the present study, we evaluated the differential ...
Mashek D G - - 2004
The objective was to determine the effects of linoleic acid and different isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) at different concentrations on hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism in the bovine. Monolayer cultures of hepatocytes obtained from 7- to 10-d-old Holstein bull calves were exposed to treatments from 16 to 64 ...
Colla Luciane Maria - - 2004
The influence of culture temperature and the concentration of sodium nitrate (NaNO3) on the gas-chromatographic profile of the fatty acids of the filamentous cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis was evaluated. We found that temperature was the most important factor and that the greatest amount of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) was obtained at 30 ...
Lenz Thomas L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on several dietary supplements and herbal products commonly promoted for weight loss. DATA SOURCES: Recently published articles and abstracts identified through PubMed (May 1987-May 2003), MEDLINE (January 1966-May 2003), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (January 1970-May 2003), and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (January 1995-May 2003) using ...
McCloy U - - 2004
Altered use of different dietary fatty acids may contribute to several chronic diseases, including obesity, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease. However, few comparative data are available to support this link, so the goal of the present study was to compare the metabolism of [(13)C]oleate, [(13)C]alpha-linolenate, [(13)C]elaidate, and [(13)C]linoleate through ...
Cristea Mirela - - 2003
Mycelia of two strains of Magnaporthe grisea, Guy 11 and TH3, were incubated with linoleic acid, and the metabolites were isolated and identified by GC-MS and LC-MS. The two main metabolites were identified as 8-hydroxylinoleic and 7,8-dihydroxylinoleic acids, and the former was further oxidized by n-2 and by n-3 hydroxylation ...
Viswanathan Saraswathi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid are well known dietary lipids that may be atherogenic by activating vascular endothelial cells. In the liver, fatty acids can be metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, but little is known about the role of these enzymes in the vascular endothelium. CYP ...
Troegeler-Meynadier A - - 2003
Three experiments were conducted by in vitro incubations in ruminal fluid to investigate the effects of pH and amounts of linoleic and linolenic acids on the extent of their biohydrogenation, the proportions of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and trans-C18:1 as intermediates, and the ratio trans-10:trans-11 intermediates. The effects of pH ...
Watkins Bruce A - - 2003
Effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the fatty acid composition of different egg compartments after storage were studied. Four dietary treatments [supplemented with safflower oil (SAFF, control group), DHA, CLAs plus DHA (CAD), and CLAs alone] were administered to Single Comb White Leghorn (SCWL) ...
Nguyen Su Duy - - 2003
The effect of lipids on PON1 (paraoxonase 1), one of antioxidant proteins in high-density lipoprotein, was investigated in respect to inhibition, protection against oxidative inactivation, and stabilization. When the effect of lipids on the PON1 activity was examined, a remarkable inhibition was expressed by polyenoic fatty acids (C18:2-C20:5). Linoleic acid, ...
Margolles Cabrales Inmaculada - - 2003
Seventy-seven ciders from four consecutive harvests, which were produced at industrial scale by cider-makers from the region of Asturias (northern Spain), were analyzed to evaluate their foam capacity. The Bikerman method for the evaluation of foaming characteristics was adapted to ciders. In foaming, there are two parameters, foam formation and ...
Matsui Kenji - - 2003
In order to confirm the biosynthetic pathway to 1-octen-3-ol from linoleic acid, a crude enzyme solution was prepared from the edible mushroom, Lentinus decadetes. When the reaction was performed in the presence of glutathione peroxidase, which can reduce organic hydroperoxide to the corresponding hydroxide, the amount of 1-octen-3-ol formed from ...
Tanaka Norie - - 2003
Radical scavenging activities of extracts and constituents in Cornus capitata adventitious root cultures were evaluated by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide anion radicals. Inhibitory activity against peroxidation of linoleic acid was assayed by using the thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. Ethyl acetate and aqueous fractions were prepared from adventitious roots cultured ...
Cheng Z - - 2003
The anticarcinogenic properties of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) are, at least partially, attributed to its ability to interrupt the n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolic pathway for the biosynthesis of eicosanoids, including prostaglandins (PG). Both PGE(2) and PGF(2alpha) play key roles in parturition. In the present study, we compared the ...
Michaud Anthony L - - 2003
Fatty acids with conjugated double bonds have attracted great interest because of their reported potent bioactivities. However, there are currently no rapid methods for their structural characterization. We report here a convenient mass spectrometry-based strategy to establish double bond geometry by analysis of collisional dissociation products of cis/trans and trans/cis ...
Sehanputri Prima S - - 2003
Acidolysis of butteroil with free conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was studied in a packed bed reactor containing an immobilized Candida antarctica (fraction B) lipase. Kinetic data were used to develop quantitative reversible rate expressions of the general Michaelis-Menten form that also incorporate a term for first-order deactivation of the enzyme. ...
Reed Darwin W - - 2003
The mechanism by which the fatty acid acetylenase of Crepis alpina catalyzes crepenynic acid ((9Z)-octadeca-9-en-12-ynoic acid) production from linoleic acid has been probed through the use of kinetic isotope effect (KIE) measurements. This was accomplished by incubating appropriate mixtures of regiospecifically deuterated isotopomers with a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing ...
D'Orazio N - - 2003
Scientific interest in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) started in 1987 when Michael Pariza's team of Wisconsin University observed its inhibitory effects on chemically induced skin tumors in mice. Numerous studies have since examined CLA's role in cancer, immune function, oxidative stress, atherosclerosis, lipid and fatty acids metabolism, bone formation and ...
Chardigny J M - - 2003
CLA is a generic term describing different isomers of linoleic acid with two conjugated double bonds. Various metabolic effects have been demonstrated following administration of CLA, including a change in body composition in animals. However, the effects of pure CLA isomers are not fully understood. In addition, conjugated octadecatrienoic acids ...
Fang Xu - - 2003
Soluble soybean polysaccharide (SSPS) was fractionated into its low- (LMW) and high-molecular-weight (HMW) components to test their antioxidative and emulsifying properties. Linoleic acid was emulsified with an aqueous solution of SSPS, HMW, a mixture of LMW or HMW with maltodextrin, or maltodextrin alone. The emulsions prepared with SSPS, HWM and ...
Corl Benjamin A - - 2003
The present study was designed to examine the effects of increasing dietary levels of vaccenic acid (VA) and cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on chemically induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats. Both fatty acids were provided as a natural component in butter fat. The conversion of VA to CLA by ...
Georgin D - - 2003
A convenient synthesis of [1-14C]-mono-trans fatty acid using olefin inversion as a key-step is described. This methodology allows for a facile synthesis of [1-14C]-labelled mono-trans analogues of oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids. As an example, only eleven steps were necessary to obtain the [1-14C]-mono-E isomers of linolenic acid from its ...
Eynard Aldo R - - 2003
In spite of the considerable amount of experimental, clinical and epidemiological research about the consumption of red meat, total fats, saturated/unsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol with regard to the risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC), the issue remains controversial. The general belief is a reduction of red meat intake, and ...
Bretillon L - - 2003
Conjugated Linoleic Acids (CLA) are of great interest for analysts since techniques have been developed to determine the dietary occurrence of CLA with a good accuracy. CLA is found in animal products from ruminant sources as the result of biohydrogenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the rumen and as the ...
Sirri F - - 2003
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the transfer of dietary CLA to broiler chicken tissues (breast, drumstick meat, skin, and abdominal fat) and its effect on productive traits and on carcass yields of birds. Cobb 500 females (n=360), divided into three groups, received from 22 d to slaughtering age ...
Palacios Alejandro - - 2003
In the study reported here the effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin A on the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition, chemiluminescence and peroxidizability index of microsomes and mitochondria isolated from rat liver was analyzed. The effect of CLA on the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of native microsomes was evidenced ...
Yu Zheyong - - 2003
Lipoxygenase (LOX) enzymes form fatty acid hydroperoxides used in membrane remodeling and cell signaling. Mammalian epidermal LOX type 3 (eLOX3) is distinctive in totally lacking this typical oxygenase activity. Surprisingly, genetic evidence has linked mutations in eLOX3 or a colocalizing enzyme, 12R-LOX, to disruption of the normal permeability barrier of ...
Fauconnier Marie Laure - - 2003
Potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum L. cv Bintje) were stored at 20 degrees C for 210 days without desprouting to study the lipoxygenase pathway during aging. After 15 days of storage, potato tubers sprouted, while after 45-60 days, apical dominance was lost and multiple sprouts developed. Analysis of the fatty acid ...
Kim Young Jun - - 2003
Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens A38, one of the most active rumen bacteria in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) production, was characterized in vitro. Previous findings that some inhibitory levels of substrate for biohydrogenation (BH) by B. fibrisolvens A38 resulted in more CLA accumulation led to a prediction that partial inhibition of BH could ...
Kandzia Romy - - 2003
Fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) is a membrane associated P450 enzyme that cleaves fatty acid hydroperoxides into aldehydes and omega-oxo fatty acids. One of the major products of this reaction is (3Z)-hexenal. It is a constituent of many fresh smelling fruit aromas. For its biotechnological production and because of the ...
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