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Pakdeechanuan Patcharin - - 2005
Rhodium heterogeneous catalyst was used to catalyze isomerization of linoleic acid in soybean oil to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). A central composite rotatable design with five levels of three variables, namely, reaction temperature, stirring speed, and reaction time, was used to determine the maximum CLA yield. The formation of CLA ...
Park Yeonhwa - - 2005
The elongated form of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), conjugated eicosadienoic acid (CEA, conj. 20:2delta(c11,t13/t12,c14)), was generated from CLA by liver microsomal fractions. Subsequent testing showed that dietary CEA significantly reduced body fat, and increased lean mass similar to CLA when compared to controls. CEA also decreased lipoprotein lipase activity and ...
Granlund Linda - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids found in ruminant products, where the predominant isomers are cis9, trans11 (c9,t11) and trans10, cis12 (t10,c12) CLA. We have previously shown that t10,c12 CLA prevents lipid accumulation in mature adipocytes in part by acting as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ...
Billault Isabelle - - 2005
Quantitative (2)H NMR spectroscopy can determine the natural abundance ((2)H/(1)H) ratio at each site of a molecule. In natural products, variation in these values is related to the reaction mechanisms in the pertinent biosynthetic pathway. For the first time, this novel approach has been exploited to probe for mechanistic differences ...
Mensink Ronald P - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Isomeric fatty acids have the same number of carbon and hydrogen atoms, but may have distinct metabolic and health effects. Two well-known examples of isomeric fatty acids are cis and trans monounsaturated fatty acids, and conjugated isomers of linoleic acid (CLA). The purpose of this review is ...
Rittmannsberger Anna - - 2005
In this study, a 15-lipoxygenase-modified carbon paste electrode (15-LOX-MCPE) was developed in connection with the help of voltammetry, which can be used as an assay system for screening drugs with inhibiting lipoxygenase (LOX) activity. The influence of different experimental conditions (LOX loading of carbon paste, pH, type of buffer system ...
Dhiman Tilak R - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been recently studied mainly because of its potential in protecting against cancer, atherogenesis, and diabetes. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a collective term for a series of conjugated dienoic positional and geometrical isomers of linoleic acid, which are found in relative abundance in milk and ...
Poirier H - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are positional and geometric dienoic isomers of linoleic acid. Dietary CLA supplementation leads to a drop in fat mass in various species, including in humans. The t10,c12-CLA isomer is responsible for this anti-obesity effect. The reduction of fat mass is especially dramatic in the mouse, in ...
Lo K W - - 2005
The effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (lauric acid, palmitic acid, steric acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, soybean oil) on Sphaerotilus natans, 0B17 (Pseudomonas sp.), and recombinant Escherichia coli DH5(/pUC19/CAB were studied. Oleic acid enhances Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) production in these three bacterial strains, suggesting that the single double bond ...
Xue H Q - - 2005
To determine whether concentrations of linoleate in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed oil could be used to predict an ability to support aflatoxin production, seeds of genotypes representing a range of linoleate content were inoculated with Aspergillus flavus Link ex Fries and assayed for aflatoxin content. Seeds were blanched and ...
Lee Ki Won - - 2005
There are multiple lines of evidence that a variety of natural fatty acids are effective in health promotion. Among these fatty acids, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)--a collective term referring to a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid (LA, cis-9, cis-12-octadecadienoic acid)--is currently under intensive investigation due to ...
Stachowska Ewa - - 2005
PURPOSE: Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a term used for positional and geometrical isomers of linoleic acid whose two unsaturated bonds are separated by one saturated bond (cis9trans11 and trans10cis12). Cooked meat and milk are among the richest dietary sources of CLA. Recently, much attention has been devoted to CLA ...
Heller Alfred - - 2005
The lysate of an immortalized monoclonal cell line derived from the striatum (X61) contains a dopaminergic stimulatory activity that is capable of increasing the dopamine content of an immortalized mouse mesencephalic cell line (MN9D) which expresses a dopaminergic phenotype. Purification of an isoamyl alcohol extract of this lysate and subsequent ...
Aydin R - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) increased the ratio of saturated fatty acids to monounsaturated fatty acids in yolk and caused embryo mortality. Our preliminary studies showed that CLA had less of an effect on hatchability of quail than chickens. Hence, the objective was to determine the effects of dietary CLA on ...
Scholljegerdes E J - - 2004
Our objectives were to evaluate ruminal fermentation patterns, apparent ruminal biohydrogenation, and site and extent of nutrient disappearance in cattle fed supplemental cracked safflower seeds differing in 18 C fatty acid profile. Nine Angus x Gelbvieh heifers (641 +/- 9.6 kg) fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in ...
Tricon Sabine - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have suggested that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a natural component of ruminant meat and dairy products, may confer beneficial effects on health. However, little information on the effects of CLA on immune function is available, especially in humans. Furthermore, the effects of individual isomers of CLA have ...
Hibbeln Joseph R - - 2004
Clinical intervention trials and animal studies indicate that increasing dietary intakes of long chain n-3 FA or reducing linoleic acid intake may reduce aggressive and violent behaviors. Here we examine if economic measures of greater n-6 consumption across time and countries correlate with greater risk of homicide. Linoleic acid available ...
Yagi Takashi - - 2004
Lymphatic recovery of 1(3)-stearoyl-2,3(1)-dilinoleoylglycerol (SLL) and 2-linoleoyl-1,3-distearoylglycerol (SLS) which had been enzymatically synthesized were compared with those of trilinoleoylglycerol (LLL) and the randomly esterified triacylglycerol which contained stearic acid and linoleic acid at 1:2. Recoveries of linoleic acid in all of the triacylglycerols were more than 94.0%. Lymphatic 24 h-recoveries ...
Wahle Klaus W J - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) comprise a family of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid (18:2n-6; LA) that are formed by biohydrogenation and oxidation processes in nature. The major dietary sources of these unusual fatty acids are foods derived from ruminant animals, in particular dairy products. The main form of ...
Dubnov Gal - - 2004
Polyunsaturated fatty acids have long been recommended as a beneficial substitute for atherogenic saturated fat. The connection between dietary lipids and blood cholesterol is still under debate, as is the connection between dietary fat and coronary artery disease. Thus, the lipid hypothesis is still a hypothesis. The major dietary polyunsaturated ...
Javadi Marjan - - 2004
Feeding mice conjugated linoleic acid (9 cis,11 trans/9 trans,11 cis-and 10 trans,12 cis-CLA in equal amounts) resulted in triacylglycerol accumulation in the liver. The objective of this study was to examine whether this steatosis is associated with changes in hepatic fatty acid synthesis and oxidation. Therefore, we measured the activities ...
Vanden Heuvel John P - - 2004
Diets rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), such as alpha-linoleic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid, are associated with decreased incidence and severity of coronary heart disease. Similarly, conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs), which are found in meat and dairy products, have beneficial effects against atherosclerosis, diabetes, and obesity. ...
Banni Sebastiano - - 2004
One of the possibilities for distinct actions of c9,t11- and the t10,c12-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers may be at the level of metabolism since the conjugated diene structure gives to CLA isomers and their metabolites a distinct pattern of incorporation into the lipid fraction and metabolism. In fact, CLA appears ...
Dannenberger Dirk - - 2004
This study examined the effects of feeding diets rich in either n-3 or n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on the fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle in beef bulls. Thirty-three German Holstein bulls were randomly allocated to either an indoor concentrate system or periods of pasture feeding (160 days) followed ...
Inoue Nao - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid found in beef, lamb, and dairy products. CLA has attracted considerable attention over the past several decades because of its potentially beneficial biologic effects, including protective effects against several cancers, atherosclerosis, and obesity. In previous ...
Jaburek Martin - - 2004
Functional activation of mitochondrial uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) is proposed to decrease reactive oxygen species production. Skulachev and Goglia (Skulachev, V. P., and Goglia, F. (2003) FASEB J. 17, 1585-1591) hypothesized that hydroperoxy fatty acid anions are translocated by UCPs but cannot flip-flop across the membrane. We found that the second ...
Chuang Lu-Te - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a mixture of positional and geometric isomers derived from linoleic acid (LA: delta9, 12-18:2), has been shown to exhibit various biological functions based on studies using cell culture and animal models. It was postulated that the beneficial effects of CLA were exerted through suppression of production ...
Qiu X - - 2004
A dual-flow continuous culture system consisting of 4 fermenters was used in a 4 x4 Latin square design. The objective of the research was to evaluate the effects of solid dilution rate (SDR), pH, and concentration of linoleic acid (LA) in the feed mixture on the production of conjugated linoleic ...
Kuo Tsung Min - - 2004
Sixteen Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains, including patent strain NRRL B-18602, three recent isolates from composted materials amended with ricinoleic acid, and 12 randomly selected from the holdings of the ARS Culture Collection, were examined for their fatty acid converting abilities. The study examined the bioconversion of oleic acid to 7,10-dihydroxy-8( E)-octadecenoic ...
Raes Katleen - - 2004
Three groups of double-muscled Belgian Blue young bulls were fed during different stages of production diets differing in the proportions of linolenic and linoleic acid by including linseed in the concentrate or giving grass silage as main linolenic acid suppliers. Samples of rumen and abomasal contents and of the longissimus ...
Rezzonico Enea - - 2004
Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. expressing the Crepis palaestina (L.) linoleic acid delta12-epoxygenase in its developing seeds typically accumulates low levels of vernolic acid (12,13-epoxy-octadec-cis-9-enoic acid) in comparison to levels found in seeds of the native C. palaestina. In order to determine some of the factors limiting the accumulation of this ...
Beeharry N - - 2004
We have previously shown that saturated fatty acids induce DNA damage and cause apoptotic cell death in insulin-producing beta-cells. Here we examine further the effects of single or combined dietary fatty acids on RINm5F survival or cell death signalling. Palmitate and stearate, but not linoleate, oleate or palmitoylmethyl ester, induced ...
Kuklev Dmitry V - - 2004
A simple and reliable method for synthesizing four isomers of parinaric acid from alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in high yields is described. The methylene-interrupted, cis triene system (1,4,7-octatriene) of ALA and common to other naturally occurring polyunsaturated fatty acids was transformed to a conjugated tetraene system (1,3,5,7-octatetraene). The synthesis involves bromination ...
Valeille Karine - - 2004
We analyzed two kinds of dairy fat differing in their contents of cis9, trans11-conjugated linoleic acid (cis9,trans 11-CLA or rumenic acid), and determined the positional distribution of this CLA-isomer within the three sn- positions of the triacylglycerol. In the high rumenic acid fat (HR), the CLA-isomers amounted to 2.1% of ...
Park Yeonhwa - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduces body fat in part by inhibiting the activity of heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase (HR-LPL) activity in adipocytes, an effect that is induced by the trans-10,cis-12 CLA isomer. In this study we used a series of compounds that are structurally related to CLA (i.e., CLA cognates) to ...
Yang Tsung-Shi - - 2004
Linoleic acid from soybean oil was used to synthesize conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), and the response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the process. A temperature of -35 degrees C and a solvent to oil sample ratio of 8 were suggested for removal of saturated fatty acids by low-temperature ...
Badiani Anna - - 2004
Proximate composition and fatty acid profile, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers included, were determined in separable lean of raw and cooked lamb rib loins. The cooking methods compared, which were also investigated for cooking yields and true nutrient retention values, were dry heating of fat-on cuts and moist heating of ...
DeWitt Christopher - - 2004
Botanical, or plant-derived, solvents such as turpentine, pine oils, and various essential oils are used as environmentally acceptable alternatives to traditional solvents and degreasing agents. This article focuses on three lesser-known botanical solvents: limonene, oleic acid, and linoleic acid. Although data are limited, limonene, linoleic acid, and oleic acid are ...
Gnädig Silke - - 2004
In a study of the evolution of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) during cheese production, the influence of Emmental cheese processing on the CLA content and the CLA isomer composition was evaluated. The use of raw and thermised milk, changes of processing temperature and the effect of propionic acid bacteria (PAB) ...
Cury-Boaventura Maria Fernanda - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Lipid emulsions for parenteral nutrition commercially available are mainly composed of long-chain triacylglycerol containing a high proportion of alpha-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids or alpha-9 monounsaturated fatty acids. The immunological impact of such therapy is particularly important because parenteral and enteral diets are often administered to critical ill patients. The ...
Sauer Leonard A - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and some trans fatty acids (FA) decrease tumor growth and alter tumor and host lipid uptake and storage. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that the acute inhibitory effects of CLA isomers and trans FAs on FA transport in tumors and white ...
Braidot Enrico - - 2004
In this paper, both biochemical and immunochemical evidence for the presence of lipoxygenase (LOX) in plant mitochondria is presented. Highly purified pea (Pisum sativum L., cv. Alaska) mitochondria show LOX activity, evaluated as conjugated diene formation, oxygen consumption, and hydroperoxide formation. Both 9- and 13-hydroperoxy-octadecadienoic acids are produced by the ...
Slomma Nadine - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12 CLA on the delta4-desaturation process in HepG2 cells. Experiments were conducted in which HepG2 cells were incubated with 25 micromol/L of those fatty acids and the concentrations of (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids ...
Nilsson Elna - - 2004
We used video recording of the movement pattern of Protaphorura armata (Collembola) to test whether its avoidance of the odor of dead conspecifics extends to related species. P. armata was repelled by the odor of dead individuals of Onychiurus scotarius and Onychiurus circulans, but not by live individuals. Free palmitic, ...
Kimura Hideto - - 2004
Potato tubers are shown to contain a unique lipoxygenase pathway to form 9-hydroperoxy-10,12-octadecadienoic acid (9-HPODE) from linoleic acid. Here, we report the metabolic pathway of 9-HPODE in the cytosolic fraction and the characterization of enzymes involved in the conversion of metabolites. The analysis of enzymatic reaction products at pH 5.5 ...
Dauchy Robert T - - 2004
In established rodent tumors and human cancer cell lines, conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid (CLA) suppress the growth-stimulating effects of linoleic acid (LA) and its metabolism to the mitogenic agent, 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE). Here, we compared the effects of three CLA isomers on LA uptake and metabolism, and growth ...
Lin Xiaobo - - 2004
To investigate the effects of 2 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers and trans11-18:1 (TVA) on de novo lipogenesis and desaturation in liver and mammary gland, lactating mice were fed diets containing 3% canola oil (control) or 2% canola oil plus 1% stearic acid (SA), TVA, cis9,trans11 CLA (c9t11), or trans10,cis12 ...
McLeod Roger S - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are isomeric forms of the 18:2 fatty acid that contain conjugated sites of unsaturation. Although CLAs are minor components of the diet, they have many reported biological activities. For nearly a decade, the potential for CLA to modify the atherosclerotic process has been examined in animal ...
Banni Sebastiano - - 2004
In a previous paper, we showed that naturally occurring conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from butter fat is metabolized in vivo to higher metabolites such as conjugated diene (CD) 18:3, CD 20:3 and CD 20:4, all the while retaining the conjugated diene structure. In this paper, we describe the detection of ...
Tsuzuki Tsuyoshi - - 2004
We have recently shown that alpha-eleostearic acid (alpha-ESA), a conjugated linolenic acid, has a stronger antitumor effect than conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, the oxidative stability of alpha-ESA was examined compared with linoleic acid (LA), alpha-linolenic acid (LnA), and CLA. Thin layers ...
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