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Results 501 - 550 of 1535
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Thijssen Myriam A M A - - 2005
Because human studies concerning the effects of stearic acid on thrombotic tendency are inconsistent, we compared the effects of stearic acid with those of its unsaturated derivatives, oleic acid and linoleic acid. In this randomized, crossover study, 45 subjects (27 women and 18 men) consumed, in random order, 3 experimental ...
Shang X G - - 2005
A total of 216 Brown Dwarf laying hens (1.62 +/- 0.06 kg BW and 60 wk old) were fed 1 of 3 corn-soybean meal-based diets containing 0, 2.5, or 5.0% conjugated linoleic aicd (CLA) to explore its effects on the fatty acid composition of egg yolk, plasma, and liver as ...
Yanagita Teruyoshi - - 2005
We investigated the effect of dietary combination of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to attenuate CLA-induced fatty liver in C57BL/6N mice. Mice were fed semisynthetic diets that contained either 6% high linoleic safflower oil (HL-SAF), 4% HL-SAF + 2% CLA, or 3.5% HL-SAF + 2% CLA + ...
Haggarty P P Embryonic Programming Group, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK. - - 2006
Little is known of fatty acid metabolism in human embryos. This information would be useful in developing metabolic tests of embryo quality and improving embryo culture media. The fatty acid composition of human embryos and their ability to accumulate 13C labelled fatty acids was assessed in relation to the stage ...
Hornung Ellen - - 2005
The polyenoic fatty acid isomerase from Propioniumbacterium acnes (PAI) was expressed in E. coli and biochemically characterized. PAI catalyzes the isomerization of a methylene-interrupted double bond system to a conjugated double bond system, creating (10E,12Z)-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). PAI accepted a wide range of free polyunsaturated fatty acids as substrates ...
Song Qingxun - - 2006
A novel L-ascorbyl fatty acid ester, L-ascorbyl linoleate was successfully prepared by enzymatic esterification and transesterification in a non-aqueous medium using immobilized lipase as biocatalyst. Changes in enzymatic activity and product yield were studied for the following variable: the nature of the fatty acid, the fatty acid concentration and water ...
Wadman Mayken W - - 2005
Oxylipins are associated with important processes of the fungal life cycle, such as spore formation. Here, we report the formation of FA metabolites in Agaricus bisporus. Incubation of a crude extract of lamellae with linoleic acid (18:2) led to the extensive formation of two oxylipins. They were identified as 8(R)-hydroxy-9Z,12Z-octadecadienoic ...
Fernandez-Lopez Raul - - 2005
This report describes a high-throughput assay to identify substances that reduce the frequency of conjugation in Gram-negative bacteria. Bacterial conjugation is largely responsible for the spread of multiple antibiotic resistances in human pathogens. Conjugation inhibitors may provide a means to control the spread of antibiotic resistance. An automated conjugation assay ...
P?rez-Gilabert Manuela - - 2005
The advantages of the presence of cyclodextrins in a reaction catalyzed by immobilized lipoxygenase at neutral pH are reported for the first time. The steady-state rate in the presence of beta-cyclodextrins was seven times higher than in control experiments using the same concentration of linoleic acid; furthermore the percentage of ...
Luna Pilar - - 2005
Ewe milk fat from five different herds was studied to determine the content of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers. Research was carried out by combining gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) and 4,4-dimethyloxazolyne derivatives (DMOX) with silver ion-high performance liquid chromatography (Ag+-HPLC). Reconstructed mass spectral profiles ...
Schneider Claus - - 2005
The cytotoxic aldehydes 4-hydroxynonenal, 4-hydroperoxynonenal (4-HPNE), and 4-oxononenal are formed during lipid peroxidation via oxidative transformation of the hydroxy or hydroperoxy precursor fatty acids, respectively. The mechanism of the carbon chain cleavage reaction leading to the aldehyde fragments is not known, but Hock-cleavage of a suitable dihydroperoxide derivative was implicated ...
M?ller Andr? - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have attracted scientific interest due to their potential beneficial effects on atherosclerosis. Recent studies demonstrated that conjugated metabolites of CLA are found in tissues of CLA-fed animals and cultured cells treated with CLA. This observation has gained in importance since it has recently been shown that ...
Ogawa Jun - - 2005
Conjugated fatty acids have attracted much attention as a novel type of biologically beneficial functional lipid. Some isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduce carcinogenesis, atherosclerosis, and body fat. Considering the use of CLA for medicinal and nutraceutical purposes, a safe isomer-selective process is required. The introduction of biological reactions ...
Tsitsigiannis Dimitrios I - - 2005
Oxylipins recently have been implicated as signaling molecules for cross-kingdom communication in plant-pathogen interactions. Linoleic acid and its two plant lipoxygenase (LOX) oxylipin products 9- and 13-hydroperoxy fatty acids (9S- and 13S-HPODE) have been shown to have a significant effect on differentiation processes in the mycotoxigenic seed pathogens Aspergillus spp. ...
Nishimura Kazuhiko - - 2005
A simple and highly sensitive method for determining the fatty acid composition of food lipids containing conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is described. The method is based on the separation of the 9-anthrylmethyl ester derivatives of saturated and unsaturated (conjugated and non-conjugated) fatty acids by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence ...
Kim Jung-Hyun - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) consists of a group of linoleic acid geometric isomers that have been shown to reduce tumor growth and metastasis in animal models of breast, prostate and colon cancer. To delineate a possible mechanism of action for CLA, we have recently shown that the 5-lipoxygenase product, 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic ...
Cho Hyejung - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine whether two of the major conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers, cis-9,trans-11 (c9,t11) and trans-10,cis-12 (t10,c12), are possible substrates for pulmonary 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1) and, therefore, they are also involved in the production of 13(S)-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid [13(S)-HODE] in biological systems. 13(S)-HODE, a major bioactive ...
Zulet M A - - 2005
Data from a number of studies and trials have shown that different conjugated linoleic acids (CLA's) may produce beneficial effects on cancer, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes and changes in body composition. Despite the increasing knowledge about CLA's implications on health, the mechanism of action of these fatty acids is not completely ...
Brandebourg T D - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acids are a group of geometric and positional isomers of linoleic acid that decrease body fat in growing animals by a poorly understood mechanism. The objective of this study was to investigate the isomer-specific effect of CLA on the proliferation and differentiation of pig preadipocytes in primary culture. ...
Vaughan John E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is associated with oxidative stress, neutrophil activation, neutrophil infiltration into systemic vasculature, and elevated plasma levels of linoleic acid, the fatty acid precursor to arachidonic acid and its metabolite, thromboxane. In this study we evaluated whether linoleic acid under conditions of oxidative stress would stimulate neutrophil production of ...
Vrinten Patricia - - 2005
Industrial oil flax (Linum usitatissimum) and edible oil or solin flax differ markedly in seed linolenic acid levels. Despite the economic importance of low-linolenic-acid or solin flax, the molecular mechanism underlying this trait has not been established. Two independently inherited genes control the low-linolenic-acid trait in flax. Here, we identified ...
Yamasaki Masao - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a powerful anti-carcinogenic fatty acid. Previously, we showed that 10trans 12cis (10t, 12c) CLA induced apoptotic cell death in rat hepatoma. Here, we demonstrated significant cytotoxic effects of 1 muM 10t, 12c-CLA, but not 9c, 11t-CLA, on dRLh-84 rat hepatoma cells. 9t, 11t and 9c, ...
Nagao Koji - - 2005
Conjugated fatty acids (CFAs) are a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of polyunsaturated fatty acids with conjugated double bonds. Reports indicate that CFAs have potent beneficial effects, including antitumor, antiobese, antiatherogenic and antidiabetic activities. The molecules have also been shown to prevent the onset of hypertension. Recent reports suggest ...
Burdge Graham C - - 2005
The present study investigated whether consuming dairy products naturally enriched in cis-9, trans-11 (c9,t11) conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) by modification of cattle feed increases the concentration of this isomer in plasma and cellular lipids in healthy men. The study had a double-blind cross-over design. Subjects aged 34-60 years consumed dairy ...
Oikawa Daichi - - 2005
The effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), linoleic acid (LA), and their combinations, on skin composition in mice were investigated. Mice (8 weeks old) were orally administered with either LA, GLA, CLA, LA + GLA, LA + CLA, or CLA + GLA for 4 weeks. Then, the ...
Kuroda Hisao - - 2005
Fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HPL), a member of cytochrome P450 (CYP74), produces aldehydes and oxo-acids involved in plant defensive reactions. In monocots, HPL that cleaves 13-hydroperoxides of fatty acids has been reported, but HPL that cleaves 9-hydroperoxides is still unknown. To find this type of HPL, in silico screening of ...
Akakabe Yoshihiko - - 2005
Linoleic acid (LA) incubated with a homogenate of Lentinula edodes or Tricholoma matsutake mushroom significantly increased the amount of (R)-1-octen-3-ol. The alcohol was identified as (S)-10-HODE with 90-87% and >99% enantiomeric excess (ee), respectively. During the incubation of LA with these homogenates in the presence of glutathione-glutathione peroxidase (GSH-GPx), which ...
House R L - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a unique lipid that elicits dramatic reductions in adiposity in several animal models when included at < or = 1% of the diet. Despite a flurry of investigations, the precise mechanisms by which conjugated linoleic acid elicits its dramatic effects in adipose tissue and liver ...
Jula Antti - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore the separate and combined effects of simvastatin and a low-saturated diet rich in alpha-linolenic acid on serum fatty acids. METHODS AND RESULTS: 120 hypercholesterolemic men were randomly allocated to a habitual diet or dietary treatment group and to receive, in random order, simvastatin 20 mg/d or placebo, ...
Fukushige Hirotada - - 2005
It has been known that lipoxygenase (LOX) isozymes exhibit differences in product formation, but most product information to date is for LOX 1 among soybean (Glycine max) LOX isozymes. In this study, LOXs 2 and 3 were purified and used to generate hydroperoxide (HPOD) products in an in vitro system ...
Yamasaki Masao - - 2005
This study was performed to evaluate the isomer-specific cytotoxic effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on rat hepatoma dRLh-84 cells in vitro. A 10trans,12cis (10t,12c)-CLA showed a strong cytotoxic effect on dRLh-84 cells in culture, whereas no such effect was observed with 9cis,11trans (9c,11t)-CLA or linoleic acid. The optimum concentration ...
Tritt Kay L - - 2005
The potential to distinguish juvenile wild from cultured fishes and to discriminate among juvenile fishes by species based on fatty acid composition was demonstrated. Statistical approaches to data evaluation included analysis of variance, correlation analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), and quadratic discriminant analysis (QDA). Differences were determined between wild and ...
Lin Yu Hong - - 2005
This study reports methods for the quantitative determination of stable isotope-labeled essential fatty acids (EFAs) as well as an experiment in which deuterium-labeled linoleic acid (18:2n-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) were compared with those labeled with carbon-13 in rat plasma in vivo. Standard curves were constructed to compensate for concentration ...
Nugent A P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of dietary supplementation using two isomeric blends of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on immune function in healthy human volunteers. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled intervention trial. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTION: A total of 55 healthy volunteers (n=20 males, n=35 females) were randomised into one of three study ...
Destaillats F - - 2005
Rumenic (cis-9,trans-11 18:2) acid is the main conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomer in milk and other ruminant fats. Anhydrous regular and high-CLA butterfats were heated at 200 degrees C for 2, 4, and 6 h under atmospheric conditions. [1,5] Sigmatropic isomerization of rumenic acid occurred, resulting in the formation of ...
Lucchi Leonardo - - 2005
An increase in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a natural fatty acid present in our diet, which possesses anticarcinogenic and antiatherogenic activities in experimental models, has been found in both the plasma and adipose tissue of end-stage chronic renal failure (ESCRF) patients. Increased levels of retinol have also been found in ...
Donmez Muhammet - - 2005
The chemical characteristics, fatty acid and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) contents and cholesterol levels of some traditional Turkish cheeses that are consumed mostly in Turkey were determined in this study. The fatty acid and cholesterol contents and CLA amount of cheeses were analysed as methyl esters by gas chromatography. The ...
Tricon Sabine - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a collective term for a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of conjugated dienoic derivatives of linoleic acid. CLA has received considerable attention as a result of animal experiments that report anti-carcinogenic, anti-atherogenic and anti-diabetic properties, and modulation of body composition and immune function. Several ...
Delmonte Pierluigi - - 2005
CLA, defined as one or more octadecadienoic acids (18:2) with conjugated double bonds, has been reported to be active in a number of biological systems. GC and silver ion HPLC (Ag(+)-HPLC) have been the primary techniques for identifying specific CLA isomers in both foods and biological extracts. Recently, GC relative ...
Khan Shagufta H - - 2005
Previous studies from our laboratory have shown the enzymic formation of fatty acid (FA) conjugates of xenobiotic alcohols and amines. In the present study, the formation of FA conjugates of a bifunctional compound, ethanolamine was investigated by incubating [1-14C]oleic acid (1 mM) with ethanolamine (25 mM) at 37 degrees C ...
Luna Pilar - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a naturally occurring micronutrient in milk fat and dairy products consisting of a group of geometric and positional isomers. The purpose of this study was to assess the level and type of CLA isomers found in two commercial processed cheeses (portions and slices) as well ...
Silversides F G - - 2005
Seed of the hemp cultivar Unika-b was cold-pressed to obtain hemp seed meal (HSM) containing 307 g/kg crude protein and 164 g/kg ether extract (60 g/kg linoleic acid, 120 g/kg alpha-linolenic acid, 160 g/kg oleic acid, lesser amounts of palmitic, stearic, and gamma-linolenic acids). For 4 weeks, 102 43-week-old DeKalb ...
Jarmuszkiewicz Wieslawa - - 2005
In isolated Acanthamoeba castellanii mitochondria respiring in state 3 with external NADH or succinate, the linoleic acid-induced purine nucleotide-sensitive uncoupling protein activity is able to uncouple oxidative phosphorylation. The linoleic acid-induced uncoupling can be inhibited by a purine nucleotide (GTP) when quinone (Q) is sufficiently oxidized, indicating that in A. ...
Fukuda Shinji - - 2005
A new strain of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens (TH1) that has high potential to produce conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was isolated. Strain TH1 had higher LA isomerase (LA-I) activity, and was much more tolerant to linoleic acid (LA) than other strains examined. However, high CLA reductase (CLA-R) activity resulted in the temporary ...
Yunoki Keita - - 2005
FA components of 11 musts made from grape cultivars grown for making red wine in various regions of Japan and of wines made from the musts were compared to elucidate variety-dependent characteristics and to clarify their effect on FA ethyl ester (FAEE) formation in wine. Sixteen FA with carbon chain ...
Vidal-Mas Jaume - - 2005
In order to produce (S) 10-monohydroxy-8E-octadecenoic acid (MHOD) from oleic acid, a full-length probable lipoxygenase cDNA from Pseudomonas aeruginosa 42A2 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant protein was purified by affinity chromatography to electrophoretic homogeneity and specifically stained. Its molecular mass was 70 kDa. The activity ...
Macarulla M Teresa - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The present work was designed to study the effects of the two main isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12, on liver composition and hepatic fatty acid oxidation in hamsters. METHODS: Animals were divided into three groups that were fed atherogenic diets supplemented with 0.5% linoleic acid, ...
Martinez C E - - 2005
Esterification of glycerol with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was carried out in hexane. Lipase from Rhizomucor miehei provided a high degree of esterification (80%) in 8 h at 50 degrees C when used at 15% (w/w) in a system containing a 1:2 molar ratio of glycerol to free fatty acids. ...
Hao Yan-Ling - - 2005
The aim of this study is to obtain Saccharomyces cerevisiae engineering strain with high gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, gamma-C18:3), which is a nutritionally important fatty acid that plays a vital role in biological structure and cell functions. As the first step,we cloned gamma6-desaturase gene from fungus mucor circinelloides by RT-PCR; delta6-desaturase ...
Cury-Boaventura Maria Fernanda - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Parenteral diets are often administered to critically ill patients. To study one of the effects of commercially available parenteral lipid diets, rich in triacylglycerol esters of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids or omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acids, on the immune system of such patients, we evaluated the cytotoxicity of oleic and ...
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