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Results 501 - 550 of 1498
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Tricon Sabine - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a collective term for a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of conjugated dienoic derivatives of linoleic acid. CLA has received considerable attention as a result of animal experiments that report anti-carcinogenic, anti-atherogenic and anti-diabetic properties, and modulation of body composition and immune function. Several ...
Delmonte Pierluigi - - 2005
CLA, defined as one or more octadecadienoic acids (18:2) with conjugated double bonds, has been reported to be active in a number of biological systems. GC and silver ion HPLC (Ag(+)-HPLC) have been the primary techniques for identifying specific CLA isomers in both foods and biological extracts. Recently, GC relative ...
Khan Shagufta H - - 2005
Previous studies from our laboratory have shown the enzymic formation of fatty acid (FA) conjugates of xenobiotic alcohols and amines. In the present study, the formation of FA conjugates of a bifunctional compound, ethanolamine was investigated by incubating [1-14C]oleic acid (1 mM) with ethanolamine (25 mM) at 37 degrees C ...
Luna Pilar - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a naturally occurring micronutrient in milk fat and dairy products consisting of a group of geometric and positional isomers. The purpose of this study was to assess the level and type of CLA isomers found in two commercial processed cheeses (portions and slices) as well ...
Silversides F G - - 2005
Seed of the hemp cultivar Unika-b was cold-pressed to obtain hemp seed meal (HSM) containing 307 g/kg crude protein and 164 g/kg ether extract (60 g/kg linoleic acid, 120 g/kg alpha-linolenic acid, 160 g/kg oleic acid, lesser amounts of palmitic, stearic, and gamma-linolenic acids). For 4 weeks, 102 43-week-old DeKalb ...
Jarmuszkiewicz Wieslawa - - 2005
In isolated Acanthamoeba castellanii mitochondria respiring in state 3 with external NADH or succinate, the linoleic acid-induced purine nucleotide-sensitive uncoupling protein activity is able to uncouple oxidative phosphorylation. The linoleic acid-induced uncoupling can be inhibited by a purine nucleotide (GTP) when quinone (Q) is sufficiently oxidized, indicating that in A. ...
Fukuda Shinji - - 2005
A new strain of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens (TH1) that has high potential to produce conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was isolated. Strain TH1 had higher LA isomerase (LA-I) activity, and was much more tolerant to linoleic acid (LA) than other strains examined. However, high CLA reductase (CLA-R) activity resulted in the temporary ...
Yunoki Keita - - 2005
FA components of 11 musts made from grape cultivars grown for making red wine in various regions of Japan and of wines made from the musts were compared to elucidate variety-dependent characteristics and to clarify their effect on FA ethyl ester (FAEE) formation in wine. Sixteen FA with carbon chain ...
Vidal-Mas Jaume - - 2005
In order to produce (S) 10-monohydroxy-8E-octadecenoic acid (MHOD) from oleic acid, a full-length probable lipoxygenase cDNA from Pseudomonas aeruginosa 42A2 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant protein was purified by affinity chromatography to electrophoretic homogeneity and specifically stained. Its molecular mass was 70 kDa. The activity ...
Macarulla M Teresa - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The present work was designed to study the effects of the two main isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), cis-9,trans-11 and trans-10,cis-12, on liver composition and hepatic fatty acid oxidation in hamsters. METHODS: Animals were divided into three groups that were fed atherogenic diets supplemented with 0.5% linoleic acid, ...
Martinez C E - - 2005
Esterification of glycerol with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was carried out in hexane. Lipase from Rhizomucor miehei provided a high degree of esterification (80%) in 8 h at 50 degrees C when used at 15% (w/w) in a system containing a 1:2 molar ratio of glycerol to free fatty acids. ...
Hao Yan-Ling - - 2005
The aim of this study is to obtain Saccharomyces cerevisiae engineering strain with high gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, gamma-C18:3), which is a nutritionally important fatty acid that plays a vital role in biological structure and cell functions. As the first step,we cloned gamma6-desaturase gene from fungus mucor circinelloides by RT-PCR; delta6-desaturase ...
Cury-Boaventura Maria Fernanda - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Parenteral diets are often administered to critically ill patients. To study one of the effects of commercially available parenteral lipid diets, rich in triacylglycerol esters of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids or omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acids, on the immune system of such patients, we evaluated the cytotoxicity of oleic and ...
Pakdeechanuan Patcharin - - 2005
Rhodium heterogeneous catalyst was used to catalyze isomerization of linoleic acid in soybean oil to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). A central composite rotatable design with five levels of three variables, namely, reaction temperature, stirring speed, and reaction time, was used to determine the maximum CLA yield. The formation of CLA ...
Park Yeonhwa - - 2005
The elongated form of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), conjugated eicosadienoic acid (CEA, conj. 20:2delta(c11,t13/t12,c14)), was generated from CLA by liver microsomal fractions. Subsequent testing showed that dietary CEA significantly reduced body fat, and increased lean mass similar to CLA when compared to controls. CEA also decreased lipoprotein lipase activity and ...
Granlund Linda - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids found in ruminant products, where the predominant isomers are cis9, trans11 (c9,t11) and trans10, cis12 (t10,c12) CLA. We have previously shown that t10,c12 CLA prevents lipid accumulation in mature adipocytes in part by acting as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ...
Billault Isabelle - - 2005
Quantitative (2)H NMR spectroscopy can determine the natural abundance ((2)H/(1)H) ratio at each site of a molecule. In natural products, variation in these values is related to the reaction mechanisms in the pertinent biosynthetic pathway. For the first time, this novel approach has been exploited to probe for mechanistic differences ...
Mensink Ronald P - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Isomeric fatty acids have the same number of carbon and hydrogen atoms, but may have distinct metabolic and health effects. Two well-known examples of isomeric fatty acids are cis and trans monounsaturated fatty acids, and conjugated isomers of linoleic acid (CLA). The purpose of this review is ...
Rittmannsberger Anna - - 2005
In this study, a 15-lipoxygenase-modified carbon paste electrode (15-LOX-MCPE) was developed in connection with the help of voltammetry, which can be used as an assay system for screening drugs with inhibiting lipoxygenase (LOX) activity. The influence of different experimental conditions (LOX loading of carbon paste, pH, type of buffer system ...
Dhiman Tilak R - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been recently studied mainly because of its potential in protecting against cancer, atherogenesis, and diabetes. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a collective term for a series of conjugated dienoic positional and geometrical isomers of linoleic acid, which are found in relative abundance in milk and ...
Poirier H - - 2005
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) are positional and geometric dienoic isomers of linoleic acid. Dietary CLA supplementation leads to a drop in fat mass in various species, including in humans. The t10,c12-CLA isomer is responsible for this anti-obesity effect. The reduction of fat mass is especially dramatic in the mouse, in ...
Lo K W - - 2005
The effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (lauric acid, palmitic acid, steric acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, soybean oil) on Sphaerotilus natans, 0B17 (Pseudomonas sp.), and recombinant Escherichia coli DH5(/pUC19/CAB were studied. Oleic acid enhances Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) production in these three bacterial strains, suggesting that the single double bond ...
Xue H Q - - 2005
To determine whether concentrations of linoleate in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seed oil could be used to predict an ability to support aflatoxin production, seeds of genotypes representing a range of linoleate content were inoculated with Aspergillus flavus Link ex Fries and assayed for aflatoxin content. Seeds were blanched and ...
Lee Ki Won - - 2005
There are multiple lines of evidence that a variety of natural fatty acids are effective in health promotion. Among these fatty acids, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)--a collective term referring to a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid (LA, cis-9, cis-12-octadecadienoic acid)--is currently under intensive investigation due to ...
Stachowska Ewa - - 2005
PURPOSE: Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a term used for positional and geometrical isomers of linoleic acid whose two unsaturated bonds are separated by one saturated bond (cis9trans11 and trans10cis12). Cooked meat and milk are among the richest dietary sources of CLA. Recently, much attention has been devoted to CLA ...
Heller Alfred - - 2005
The lysate of an immortalized monoclonal cell line derived from the striatum (X61) contains a dopaminergic stimulatory activity that is capable of increasing the dopamine content of an immortalized mouse mesencephalic cell line (MN9D) which expresses a dopaminergic phenotype. Purification of an isoamyl alcohol extract of this lysate and subsequent ...
Aydin R - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) increased the ratio of saturated fatty acids to monounsaturated fatty acids in yolk and caused embryo mortality. Our preliminary studies showed that CLA had less of an effect on hatchability of quail than chickens. Hence, the objective was to determine the effects of dietary CLA on ...
Scholljegerdes E J - - 2004
Our objectives were to evaluate ruminal fermentation patterns, apparent ruminal biohydrogenation, and site and extent of nutrient disappearance in cattle fed supplemental cracked safflower seeds differing in 18 C fatty acid profile. Nine Angus x Gelbvieh heifers (641 +/- 9.6 kg) fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in ...
Tricon Sabine - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have suggested that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a natural component of ruminant meat and dairy products, may confer beneficial effects on health. However, little information on the effects of CLA on immune function is available, especially in humans. Furthermore, the effects of individual isomers of CLA have ...
Hibbeln Joseph R - - 2004
Clinical intervention trials and animal studies indicate that increasing dietary intakes of long chain n-3 FA or reducing linoleic acid intake may reduce aggressive and violent behaviors. Here we examine if economic measures of greater n-6 consumption across time and countries correlate with greater risk of homicide. Linoleic acid available ...
Yagi Takashi - - 2004
Lymphatic recovery of 1(3)-stearoyl-2,3(1)-dilinoleoylglycerol (SLL) and 2-linoleoyl-1,3-distearoylglycerol (SLS) which had been enzymatically synthesized were compared with those of trilinoleoylglycerol (LLL) and the randomly esterified triacylglycerol which contained stearic acid and linoleic acid at 1:2. Recoveries of linoleic acid in all of the triacylglycerols were more than 94.0%. Lymphatic 24 h-recoveries ...
Wahle Klaus W J - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) comprise a family of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid (18:2n-6; LA) that are formed by biohydrogenation and oxidation processes in nature. The major dietary sources of these unusual fatty acids are foods derived from ruminant animals, in particular dairy products. The main form of ...
Dubnov Gal - - 2004
Polyunsaturated fatty acids have long been recommended as a beneficial substitute for atherogenic saturated fat. The connection between dietary lipids and blood cholesterol is still under debate, as is the connection between dietary fat and coronary artery disease. Thus, the lipid hypothesis is still a hypothesis. The major dietary polyunsaturated ...
Javadi Marjan - - 2004
Feeding mice conjugated linoleic acid (9 cis,11 trans/9 trans,11 cis-and 10 trans,12 cis-CLA in equal amounts) resulted in triacylglycerol accumulation in the liver. The objective of this study was to examine whether this steatosis is associated with changes in hepatic fatty acid synthesis and oxidation. Therefore, we measured the activities ...
Vanden Heuvel John P - - 2004
Diets rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), such as alpha-linoleic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid, are associated with decreased incidence and severity of coronary heart disease. Similarly, conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs), which are found in meat and dairy products, have beneficial effects against atherosclerosis, diabetes, and obesity. ...
Banni Sebastiano - - 2004
One of the possibilities for distinct actions of c9,t11- and the t10,c12-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers may be at the level of metabolism since the conjugated diene structure gives to CLA isomers and their metabolites a distinct pattern of incorporation into the lipid fraction and metabolism. In fact, CLA appears ...
Dannenberger Dirk - - 2004
This study examined the effects of feeding diets rich in either n-3 or n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on the fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle in beef bulls. Thirty-three German Holstein bulls were randomly allocated to either an indoor concentrate system or periods of pasture feeding (160 days) followed ...
Inoue Nao - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid found in beef, lamb, and dairy products. CLA has attracted considerable attention over the past several decades because of its potentially beneficial biologic effects, including protective effects against several cancers, atherosclerosis, and obesity. In previous ...
Jaburek Martin - - 2004
Functional activation of mitochondrial uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) is proposed to decrease reactive oxygen species production. Skulachev and Goglia (Skulachev, V. P., and Goglia, F. (2003) FASEB J. 17, 1585-1591) hypothesized that hydroperoxy fatty acid anions are translocated by UCPs but cannot flip-flop across the membrane. We found that the second ...
Chuang Lu-Te - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a mixture of positional and geometric isomers derived from linoleic acid (LA: delta9, 12-18:2), has been shown to exhibit various biological functions based on studies using cell culture and animal models. It was postulated that the beneficial effects of CLA were exerted through suppression of production ...
Qiu X - - 2004
A dual-flow continuous culture system consisting of 4 fermenters was used in a 4 x4 Latin square design. The objective of the research was to evaluate the effects of solid dilution rate (SDR), pH, and concentration of linoleic acid (LA) in the feed mixture on the production of conjugated linoleic ...
Kuo Tsung Min - - 2004
Sixteen Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains, including patent strain NRRL B-18602, three recent isolates from composted materials amended with ricinoleic acid, and 12 randomly selected from the holdings of the ARS Culture Collection, were examined for their fatty acid converting abilities. The study examined the bioconversion of oleic acid to 7,10-dihydroxy-8( E)-octadecenoic ...
Raes Katleen - - 2004
Three groups of double-muscled Belgian Blue young bulls were fed during different stages of production diets differing in the proportions of linolenic and linoleic acid by including linseed in the concentrate or giving grass silage as main linolenic acid suppliers. Samples of rumen and abomasal contents and of the longissimus ...
Rezzonico Enea - - 2004
Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. expressing the Crepis palaestina (L.) linoleic acid delta12-epoxygenase in its developing seeds typically accumulates low levels of vernolic acid (12,13-epoxy-octadec-cis-9-enoic acid) in comparison to levels found in seeds of the native C. palaestina. In order to determine some of the factors limiting the accumulation of this ...
Beeharry N - - 2004
We have previously shown that saturated fatty acids induce DNA damage and cause apoptotic cell death in insulin-producing beta-cells. Here we examine further the effects of single or combined dietary fatty acids on RINm5F survival or cell death signalling. Palmitate and stearate, but not linoleate, oleate or palmitoylmethyl ester, induced ...
Kuklev Dmitry V - - 2004
A simple and reliable method for synthesizing four isomers of parinaric acid from alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in high yields is described. The methylene-interrupted, cis triene system (1,4,7-octatriene) of ALA and common to other naturally occurring polyunsaturated fatty acids was transformed to a conjugated tetraene system (1,3,5,7-octatetraene). The synthesis involves bromination ...
Valeille Karine - - 2004
We analyzed two kinds of dairy fat differing in their contents of cis9, trans11-conjugated linoleic acid (cis9,trans 11-CLA or rumenic acid), and determined the positional distribution of this CLA-isomer within the three sn- positions of the triacylglycerol. In the high rumenic acid fat (HR), the CLA-isomers amounted to 2.1% of ...
Park Yeonhwa - - 2004
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduces body fat in part by inhibiting the activity of heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase (HR-LPL) activity in adipocytes, an effect that is induced by the trans-10,cis-12 CLA isomer. In this study we used a series of compounds that are structurally related to CLA (i.e., CLA cognates) to ...
Yang Tsung-Shi - - 2004
Linoleic acid from soybean oil was used to synthesize conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), and the response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the process. A temperature of -35 degrees C and a solvent to oil sample ratio of 8 were suggested for removal of saturated fatty acids by low-temperature ...
Badiani Anna - - 2004
Proximate composition and fatty acid profile, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers included, were determined in separable lean of raw and cooked lamb rib loins. The cooking methods compared, which were also investigated for cooking yields and true nutrient retention values, were dry heating of fat-on cuts and moist heating of ...
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